Study sets matching "cell biol organization"

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Study sets matching "cell biol organization"

37 terms
Biology Cell Structures and organization
Cell
Organelles
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
Organisms whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bo…
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
Organelles
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
36 terms
Cell Biology: Cellular Organization
Cell Theory
Cell Size
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
A) All living things are composed of cells. ... B) All cells ari…
maintains small...... - surface area to volume ratio... - prevent f…
single-celled, does not contain a true nucleus (ex: blue gree…
has a "true" nucleus produced by nuclear membrane (ex: fungi,…
Cell Theory
A) All living things are composed of cells. ... B) All cells ari…
Cell Size
maintains small...... - surface area to volume ratio... - prevent f…
Biology: Cell Membrane/organization
Phospholipids
Head of phospholipid
Tail of phospholipid
Phospholipid bilayer
Main things that make up the cell membrane
Location of Phosphate Group;... Polar... Hydrophilic region
Fatty acid chains... Hydrophobic... Non polar
Cell membrane
Phospholipids
Main things that make up the cell membrane
Head of phospholipid
Location of Phosphate Group;... Polar... Hydrophilic region
Cell to organism - Preliminary biology
specialized cell
tissue
Organ
organ system
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
A collection of different tissues that all work together to p…
A collection of different organs that all worked together to…
specialized cell
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
tissue
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
24 terms
Cell Biology, Cellular Organization
Limitations on cell size
Surface area / volume ratio affects ce…
Diffusion rates of molecules affects c…
Need for adequate concentrations of re…
Surface area/volume ratio, diffusion rates of molecules, need…
Affects capacity for membrane transport, and microvilli.
Large molecules diffuse more slowly, and other internal trans…
Large cells require synthesis of more molecules to maintain r…
Limitations on cell size
Surface area/volume ratio, diffusion rates of molecules, need…
Surface area / volume ratio affects ce…
Affects capacity for membrane transport, and microvilli.
27 terms
Honors Biology: Cells and Organisms
Neuron
Muscle cell
Xylem
Phloem
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
Vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and minerals up…
Vascular tissue in plants that transports sugar and nutrients…
Neuron
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
Muscle cell
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
30 terms
Adv. Biology - Organization of cells
What is a volvox?
What are gated channels?
High/low turgor pressure in relation t…
Cytolysis/plasmolysis in relation to h…
a green, single-celled aquatic organism.
mechanism for active or passive transport, monitors what come…
Turgor pressure is how mush pressure is on eht einside or out…
This has to do with hyper/hypotonic because city/plasmolysis…
What is a volvox?
a green, single-celled aquatic organism.
What are gated channels?
mechanism for active or passive transport, monitors what come…
29 terms
Biology - Cell to Organism
Cell
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
39 terms
Biology of Cell + Tissue Organization
cell
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Features of Cells
basic structural & functional units of life
Structured Cells with nucleus... protists, fungi, animals, plants
not structured with out nucleus... bacteria, archaea
Plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus... (varies greatly)
cell
basic structural & functional units of life
Eukaryotes
Structured Cells with nucleus... protists, fungi, animals, plants
45 terms
Cell and Organism Biology
Lysosome
Are Lysosomes found in plant or animal…
Ribosome
Where can you typically find ribosomes?
Take in bacteria and foreign bodies to be destroyed by enzymes
Animal
Help build proteins and amino acids.
Attached to the ER
Lysosome
Take in bacteria and foreign bodies to be destroyed by enzymes
Are Lysosomes found in plant or animal…
Animal
Cell Biology: Model Organisms
E. Coli
Yeast
Fruit Fly
Round worm
1. Unicellular, with short regeneration time... 2. Easily mutage…
1. unicellular, easy to grow in a lab... 2. thousand of mutant l…
1. multicellular eukaryote with short generation... 2. mutant st…
1. multicellular eukaryote with short life cycle... 2. transpare…
E. Coli
1. Unicellular, with short regeneration time... 2. Easily mutage…
Yeast
1. unicellular, easy to grow in a lab... 2. thousand of mutant l…
60 terms
Biology- cells, tissues, organs
What do animal and plants cells have i…
What is the function of the nucleus
What do plant cells that animal cells…
Function cytoplasm
They have a... Nucleus... Cytoplasm ... Cell membrane... Mitochondria ... Ri…
Controls the cells activity
Cell wall... Chloroplasts ... Vacuole
Chemical reactions take place
What do animal and plants cells have i…
They have a... Nucleus... Cytoplasm ... Cell membrane... Mitochondria ... Ri…
What is the function of the nucleus
Controls the cells activity
13 terms
Biology- Cells, Tissues, Organs
Organelle
Unspecialised Cells
Differentiation of Cells
A Cell
Structures in the cell with special functions
These Cells divide and reproduce. This means they have no spe…
The development of cells to perform their particular function…
A unit of protoplasm surrounded by a selected cell plasma mem…
Organelle
Structures in the cell with special functions
Unspecialised Cells
These Cells divide and reproduce. This means they have no spe…
23 terms
Biology: cells and organisms
How can you tell that something is ali…
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
MRS GRENC- Movement, respiration, sensitivity, growth, reprod…
Contains DNA which controls the functions of the cell
Jelly-like in texture, most chemical reactions take place here
Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
How can you tell that something is ali…
MRS GRENC- Movement, respiration, sensitivity, growth, reprod…
Nucleus
Contains DNA which controls the functions of the cell
27 terms
Biology cell organizer
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contain…
The double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
The part of the eukaryotic nucleus where ribosomal RNA is syn…
In a eukaryotic cell: one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Nucleus
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contain…
Nuclear envelope (membrane)
The double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
8 terms
Biology - Cell Organs
Muscular Tissue
Glandular Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Glands
moves the stomach wall to churn up the food
what makes digestive juices to digest food ... makes and secrete…
covers the outside and inside of a stomach
Produces digestive juices
Muscular Tissue
moves the stomach wall to churn up the food
Glandular Tissue
what makes digestive juices to digest food ... makes and secrete…
Biology PBA - Cells & Organisms
Centriole
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Lysosomes
Part of the cell that is responsible for cell division.
(Animal and Plant Cell) Controls the movement of substances i…
(Animal and Plant Cell) Stores nutrients and wastes.
(Animal and Plant Cell) Contains digestive enzymes.
Centriole
Part of the cell that is responsible for cell division.
Cell Membrane
(Animal and Plant Cell) Controls the movement of substances i…
37 terms
biology- organic molecules & cells
organic
what is the importance of carbon?
diversity {of carbon}
all organic molecules/polymers start s…
containing carbon
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
due to tetravalence of carbon
a cell
organic
containing carbon
what is the importance of carbon?
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
20 terms
Biology cell structures and organisms
mitochondria
cytoplasm
cell wall
lysosome
without these organelles, cells would not be able to synthesi…
"soupy" region found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells…
found in both plants and bacteria, this structure provides su…
site where macromolecules are degraded
mitochondria
without these organelles, cells would not be able to synthesi…
cytoplasm
"soupy" region found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells…
Biology-Cells, Tissues and Organs
Differentiation/Specialisation
Tissue
Organ
(Organ) System
the process by which a cell becoms a specialised type of cell…
A group of specialised cells that have a similair structure a…
A structure composed of several different tissues coordinated…
A group of related tissues and organs (such as blood, heart,…
Differentiation/Specialisation
the process by which a cell becoms a specialised type of cell…
Tissue
A group of specialised cells that have a similair structure a…
25 terms
Cell Biology: test 1 - Nuclear Organization
nucleoplasm(1), nucleolus (2)
boundary
nucleoplasm
nucleoplasm
Histone proteins are located throughout the ___(1), but appea…
The nucleoplasm and nucleolus are separate, but there is no _…
The function of the ______ is to contain the genetic informat…
Contains RNA Pol II (mRNA)
nucleoplasm(1), nucleolus (2)
Histone proteins are located throughout the ___(1), but appea…
boundary
The nucleoplasm and nucleolus are separate, but there is no _…
Advanced Biology Organization of Cells
Volvox
Mitochondria
Gated Channels
Rudolph Virchow
Green, single celled aquatic organism that forms free swimmin…
Organelle found in large numbers, biochemical processes of re…
Is a mechanism for passive transport
German pathologist recognized that cells come from other cell…
Volvox
Green, single celled aquatic organism that forms free swimmin…
Mitochondria
Organelle found in large numbers, biochemical processes of re…
42 terms
Cell Movement and Organization (Cell Biology)
In microfilaments, what does actin bin…
In microtubules, what does aB-tubulin…
In microfilaments, what does it bind,…
Describe the structural nature of micr…
ATP
GTP
Does not bind a nucleotide
Form rigid gels, networks, and linear bundles
In microfilaments, what does actin bin…
ATP
In microtubules, what does aB-tubulin…
GTP
12 terms
BIOLOGY-cell structure and organization
Cell theory
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Iodine
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
No nucleus-bacteria-cell wall,cytoplasm,ribosomes,DNA
Have nucleus
Stains the nucleus and cell membranes of the cells
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
Prokaryote
No nucleus-bacteria-cell wall,cytoplasm,ribosomes,DNA
21 terms
BIOLOGY cell structure and organization
Cells
Light micrographs
Electron micrographs
Protoplasm
Simplest units that exhibits the characteristics of life
Magnify objects up to 1000x. Can come out in color, specimen…
Magnify objects up to 200000x. Black and white images. Can be…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell surface membrane
Cells
Simplest units that exhibits the characteristics of life
Light micrographs
Magnify objects up to 1000x. Can come out in color, specimen…
16 terms
Organic Chemistry/cell biology
What makes an molecule organic
Bonding capacity of hydrogen,nitrogen,…
Covalent Bond
Hydrogen Bond
🎈life is based on carbon
HONC... 1234
🐽share electrons... 🐙non-metal to non-metal
a weak bond that is attracted to negative side of molecule
What makes an molecule organic
🎈life is based on carbon
Bonding capacity of hydrogen,nitrogen,…
HONC... 1234
18 terms
biology cell organisms
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
vacuole
portion of cell outside of nucleus
contains DNA
creates rymbosomes
stores materials
cytoplasm
portion of cell outside of nucleus
nucleus
contains DNA
117 terms
Biology chapter 4 organization of the Cell
Cells are the basic unit of life and c…
All living cells have evolved from
Cells are so small that they usually a…
Cell organelles a measured in
Other cells
A common ancestor
Micrometers (1/1000 mm)
Nanometers (1/1000 micrometers)
Cells are the basic unit of life and c…
Other cells
All living cells have evolved from
A common ancestor
Biology Cell Organization
True
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Org…
True
False
Cell organization has 5 levels
What is the order of cell organization?
These levels are only found in multicellular organisms
The levels go from biggest to smallest
True
Cell organization has 5 levels
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Org…
What is the order of cell organization?
59 terms
Biology- Organization/Cell Stuff Unit 3
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Plasma wall around the cell, keeps the organelles inside.... Th…
A stiff boundary that supports and protects a cell, is part o…
Completes photosynthesis, takes sun's energy to make glucose…
It is a thick fluid made of salts, proteins, and H2O that hol…
Cell Membrane
Plasma wall around the cell, keeps the organelles inside.... Th…
Cell Wall
A stiff boundary that supports and protects a cell, is part o…
290 terms
Biology Cells to Organisms FINAL
active transport
cell organelles
cell membrane
cell wall
movement of substances across a membrane using energy and tra…
specialized structures inside eukaryotic cells; bound by a me…
A protective layer around ALL cells that controls which subst…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
active transport
movement of substances across a membrane using energy and tra…
cell organelles
specialized structures inside eukaryotic cells; bound by a me…
338 terms
Biology Cells to Organisms FINAL
active transport
cell organelles
cell membrane
cell wall
movement of substances across a membrane using energy and tra…
specialized structures inside eukaryotic cells; bound by a me…
A protective layer around ALL cells that controls which subst…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
active transport
movement of substances across a membrane using energy and tra…
cell organelles
specialized structures inside eukaryotic cells; bound by a me…
Cell Organization
Unicellular
Multicelluar
cell
Tissue
Made of a single cell
organisms made up of many cells
Basic unit of life
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Unicellular
Made of a single cell
Multicelluar
organisms made up of many cells
Cell Biology Model Organisms
E. Coli
S. cerevisiae
A. Thaliana
D. melanogaster
Lives in gut, 4300 different kinds of proteins, single circul…
Model eukaryote, well known genome, fungus, yeast
Produces thousands of offspring, easy and cheap to grow, comp…
DNA genome well know, trace C&E from DNA instruction to struc…
E. Coli
Lives in gut, 4300 different kinds of proteins, single circul…
S. cerevisiae
Model eukaryote, well known genome, fungus, yeast
31 terms
Biology cells and organisms
5 characteristics to living things
Cell
Cell structure
Nucleus
All things made of cells... All reproduce... All respire... All move... A…
Smallest independent living units of an organism
...
Contains DNA which controls the functions of the cell
5 characteristics to living things
All things made of cells... All reproduce... All respire... All move... A…
Cell
Smallest independent living units of an organism
132 terms
biology cells to organisms
atom
organelle
cell
tissue
smallest thing in hierachy
membrane bound compartments in a cell that do a job
smallest living level, made of organelles
collection of cells working together in an organism
atom
smallest thing in hierachy
organelle
membrane bound compartments in a cell that do a job
47 terms
Biology (Organisms and Cells)
Biology
Carbon
Hydrogen
HCl
The study of living organisms.
The backbone of all organic compounds.
An element that is found in ALMOST all organic compounds.
The chemical name for Hydrogen Chloride.
Biology
The study of living organisms.
Carbon
The backbone of all organic compounds.
Biology Cells to Organisms
Chemical level
Cellular level
Tissue level
Oragan level
Nonliving H2O and DNA
Cells are the basic unit of life
A group of similar cells that perform a common function
A group of tissues that work together to carry out a specific…
Chemical level
Nonliving H2O and DNA
Cellular level
Cells are the basic unit of life
microscope to cell organization biology test
eye piece is known as
ocular
low power objective
medium power objective
ocular
10x body tube
4x
10x
eye piece is known as
ocular
ocular
10x body tube
16 terms
Biology cell organisms
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
Chromosomes
Control center of the cell (pro, euk, plant, animal)
Jelly; originals are suspended in (pro, euk, plant, animal)
Produces ribosomes (euk, plant, animal)
Carry genes (23 pairs) (euk, plant, animal)
Nucleus
Control center of the cell (pro, euk, plant, animal)
Cytoplasm
Jelly; originals are suspended in (pro, euk, plant, animal)
Biology- Cell Organism
cell wall
vacuoles
lysosomes
cytoplasm
supports and protects plant cells
stores food, enzymes and waste
digests worn out organelles
clear jell like material surrounding the organelles
cell wall
supports and protects plant cells
vacuoles
stores food, enzymes and waste
Biology- Cells and Organisms
Organelle
Components of an animal cell
Nucleus
Cell membrane
A structure within a cell with a particular function/purpose
-Nucleus... -Cell membrane ... -Cytoplasm... -Ribosomes... -Mitochondria
-Controls cell activity... -Contains genes
Control which structures enter and leave the cell
Organelle
A structure within a cell with a particular function/purpose
Components of an animal cell
-Nucleus... -Cell membrane ... -Cytoplasm... -Ribosomes... -Mitochondria
Biology : Cells Tissues and Organs
longitudinal section (ls)
transverse section (ts)
buds & root tips
ends of bones & skin cells
along a line of the structure
across a structure
typical growing regions in plants
typical growing regions in animals
longitudinal section (ls)
along a line of the structure
transverse section (ts)
across a structure
Cell Organization
Unicellular
Multicelluar
cell
Tissue
Made of a single cell
organisms made up of many cells
Basic unit of life
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Unicellular
Made of a single cell
Multicelluar
organisms made up of many cells
Biology - Cells, Organs and Populations
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Contains DNA that controls the activities of the cell
Gel like substance where most of the chemical reactions happen
Holds the cell together and controls what goes in and out
Where most of the energy from respiration is released
Nucleus
Contains DNA that controls the activities of the cell
Cytoplasm
Gel like substance where most of the chemical reactions happen
Biology cells, tissues, organs
DNA
Cell
Organ
Organism
Found in nucleus of cell
Unit of a living organism
Structure made of group of tissues
Animal, plant or single-cell life form
DNA
Found in nucleus of cell
Cell
Unit of a living organism
11 terms
Biology (cell): unicellular organisms
Paramecium - nutrition
Chlamydomonas - nutrition
Paramecium - growth
Chlamydomonas - growth
Feeds on smaller animals by ingesting, then digesting them in…
Produces its own food by photosynthesis using chloroplast
Increases in size by accumulating organic matter and minerals…
Increases in size due to photosynthesis and absorption of min…
Paramecium - nutrition
Feeds on smaller animals by ingesting, then digesting them in…
Chlamydomonas - nutrition
Produces its own food by photosynthesis using chloroplast
biology cells and organisms
M
R
S
G
living organisms move
living organisms respire
living organisms are sensitive and respond to their environment
living organisms grow and develop
M
living organisms move
R
living organisms respire
22 terms
Biology DNA, Cells & Living Organisms
nucleus
plant cell
endoplasmin reticulum
cell wall
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
extensive network of channels in the cytoplasm which allow su…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
plant cell
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
Cells, tissues, organs- biology
Cerebrum
Medulla
Cerebellum
CNS
The largest part of the brain, consits of two halfs. It contr…
At the back of the brain, controls heart rate and breathing.
Controls balance and coordination
Central Nervous System - brain, spinal cord and nerves
Cerebrum
The largest part of the brain, consits of two halfs. It contr…
Medulla
At the back of the brain, controls heart rate and breathing.
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