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Study sets matching "cell biology cells growth"

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Study sets matching "cell biology cells growth"

49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
26 terms
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
24 terms
Biology 1 - Cell Growth
Limits to Cell Growth
Solution to Cell Growth
Chromosome Structure
Centromeres
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Cell Division
Telomere... Chromotids... Centromere... Kineticore
Hold X-chromosomes and chromotids together at the center
Limits to Cell Growth
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Solution to Cell Growth
Cell Division
47 terms
Biology Definitions(Cells, Cell Growth)
Cell
Endosymbiotic theory
Cell theory
Common Characteristics of Cells
basic building block of life
eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts(o…
-all living things composed of cells... -new cells from existing…
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, DNA
Cell
basic building block of life
Endosymbiotic theory
eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts(o…
42 terms
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
21 terms
Biology "Cell Growth "
Interphase
G1
Synthesis
G2
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
The first phase of growth inside a cell
DNA is copied in preparation for cell division
The second growth phase
Interphase
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
G1
The first phase of growth inside a cell
57 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Diploid
Haploid
Chromatid
Chromosome
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
The two copies of DNA (replicated DNA)
Condensed chromatin, DNA wrapped around proteins
Diploid
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Haploid
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
why might a cell divide?
binary fission
if the cell is part of a multicellular…
are all cells capable of dividing?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
1. growth (growth of a multicellular organism is not due to…
NO... - more specialized cells are less likely to have the abi…
why might a cell divide?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
binary fission
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
13 terms
biology- cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokenesis
chromatids
centromeres
division of the cell nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
2 identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attatched
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus
cytokenesis
division of the cytoplasm
27 terms
Biology - Cell Growth & Division
The rate at which materials enter and…
The process of cell division results i…
Sister chromatids are attached to each…
If a cell has 12 chromosomes, how many…
surface area
two daughter cells
centromere
12
The rate at which materials enter and…
surface area
The process of cell division results i…
two daughter cells
16 terms
Cell Growth and Division (biology)
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cell grows in size, and number of prot…
G1 stage, S stage, G2 stage
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Cyclins is?
G1 stages is?
Three stages of interphase is?
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cyclins is?
13 terms
BIOLOGY: Cells, Cell Growth & Divison
Diffusion
Osmosis
Cell
Tissue
Movement of molecules passing through a membrane
Movement of WATER molecules passing through a cell membrane
Basic unit of structure and function in living things... Ex: pla…
A group of cells that perform the same function... Ex: bone cells
Diffusion
Movement of molecules passing through a membrane
Osmosis
Movement of WATER molecules passing through a cell membrane
29 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
What is DNA
What are chromosomes
What are chromatin
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
Stores all the information for the cell
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Complex protein, DNA that chromosomes are made of... Grandfather…
Why do cells divide?
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
What is DNA
Stores all the information for the cell
30 terms
Cell Growth and Division, Biology
What is cell division?
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
What are the two stages of cell divisi…
What is mitosis?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
binary fission, asexual
mitosis and cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What is cell division?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
binary fission, asexual
Biology - Cell Growth Vocab
Cyclin
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability t…
an abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue that ari…
harmless
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
Cancer
disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability t…
32 terms
Biology: cell growth
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
when the larger the cell gets, the mor…
when cells take in nutruents and elima…
2
information "overload" and exchange of materials
information overload
exchange of materials
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
2
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
information "overload" and exchange of materials
51 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Biology Final Cell Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
The second stage, division of the cytoplasm.
Chromosome consists of two identical sister chromatids.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Mitosis
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell cytoplasm divides i…
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
37 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
23 terms
Biology - Cell Growth and Divison
cytokinesis
spindle
chromatids
cancer
division of the cytoplasm
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosom…
disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
spindle
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
16 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell cycle
G1
S
G2
The cell cycle is the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplicat…
A cell carries out its normal functions.
During the S stage, the cell makes a copy of its nuclear DNA.
Third stage of the cell cycle. During G2 , cells continue to…
Cell cycle
The cell cycle is the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplicat…
G1
A cell carries out its normal functions.
84 terms
Biology: cell growth and Division
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
M Phase-
-Mitosis
What are some things that happen in Pr…
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
-process where the nucleus divides in two and each new nucleu…
-first and longest phase, chromatin coils into visible chromo…
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
M Phase-
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
18 terms
Biology Cell Growth Quiz
Diffusion
Osimosis
Cell membranes are permeable to ______…
Tonicity
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
The diffusion of water across a membrane
Water
concentration of solutes that cannot move across a membrane a…
Diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
Osimosis
The diffusion of water across a membrane
16 terms
6- Biology: Cell Growth
Why are cells so small?
Cell nutrients
The cell wants...
What increases faster?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Water, glucose, oxygen
A large surface area and a small volume
Volume increases faster than surface area
Why are cells so small?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Cell nutrients
Water, glucose, oxygen
30 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Cell Division
Describes how the surface area to volu…
During what part of the cell cycle is…
Identify the two main stages of cell d…
G1
It decreases
Interphase
Mitosis and Cytokensis
Growth- Makes cell parts
Describes how the surface area to volu…
It decreases
During what part of the cell cycle is…
Interphase
31 terms
Biology- Cell Growth
cell division
daughter cells
growth
differentiation
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
result of cells producing new cells through cell division
process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
22 terms
Biology- Cell Growth
Adult stem cell
Blastocyst
Cancer
Differentiated
Undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after devel…
A fluid-filled sphere formed about 5 days after fertilisation…
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Having a specialised function or structure.
Adult stem cell
Undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after devel…
Blastocyst
A fluid-filled sphere formed about 5 days after fertilisation…
9 terms
Biology (cell growth)
Meiosis
Segregate
Monohybrid cross
Dihybrid cross
Reduces the # of chromosomes by half; to produce gametes
To separate or isolate
Genetic cross for organisms differing in a single trait
Genetic cross for organisms differing in two traits
Meiosis
Reduces the # of chromosomes by half; to produce gametes
Segregate
To separate or isolate
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth
DNA.
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
surface area
volume
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
Larger cells have more trouble...
length x width x number of sides
length x width x height
DNA.
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
Larger cells have more trouble...
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
Division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that are ex…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division; occurs at the…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
34 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do living things grow?
Ratio for cell size increase.
Cell division
Binary Fission
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Volume increases faster than surface area.
The process whereby the cell divides into daughter cells.
A parent cell is cloned.
Why do living things grow?
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Ratio for cell size increase.
Volume increases faster than surface area.
12 terms
Biology cell growth and cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
Centromere
The four main phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anap…
Animal cell telophase and cytokinesis. Cytokinesis is the pro…
One half of the two identical thread like strands of a replic…
The centromere is the part of a chromosome that links the sis…
Mitosis
The four main phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anap…
Cytokinesis
Animal cell telophase and cytokinesis. Cytokinesis is the pro…
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
division of the cytoplasm; second stage of cell division
one of two identical parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
24 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and the Cell Cycle
1. The series of events that cells go…
2. What effect does cell division have…
3. What is a disorder in which some ce…
During what stage of the cell cycle do…
cell cycle
increases
Cancer
G2
1. The series of events that cells go…
cell cycle
2. What effect does cell division have…
increases
66 terms
cell growth & cell cycle (biology)
when a living thing grows, how are new…
two things that limit how large cells…
as a cell increases in size, its amoun…
as cells size increases, cell volume i…
cell division
1. DNA overload... 2. surface area to volume ratio
DNA overload
surface area to volume ratio
when a living thing grows, how are new…
cell division
two things that limit how large cells…
1. DNA overload... 2. surface area to volume ratio
13 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Reproduction
Gene
gamete
crossing - over
cell cycle
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
an exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosome…
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Gene
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
gamete
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
40 terms
Biology-Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell cycle
Meiosis
Mitosis
Telophase
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
Cell division process that divides the nucleus
Last stage of mitosis when the nucleus reforms and cytokenisi…
Cell cycle
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Meiosis
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
13 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction/Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
The division of the cell cytoplasm (2nd stage)
1 of the 2 components in a chromosome
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
38 terms
biology cell growth
cell cycle
M phase
binary fission
interphase
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
cell division that produces two genetically identical organisms
period of cell cycle between cell division
cell cycle
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
M phase
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
20 terms
Biology cell growth and division
Cytokinesis
Telophase
Metaphase
Chromatids
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
The final phase of mitosis
The phase of mitosis in which microtubules connect the centro…
At the beginning of cell division, each chromosome consists o…
Cytokinesis
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
Telophase
The final phase of mitosis
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parent cells that fu…
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
28 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell division
Chromosomes
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells?
Strands of DNA wrapped around proteins?
Series of events that cells go through as they grow until the…
The process of dividing the nucleus of a cell into 2 nuclei?
Cell division
Process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells?
Chromosomes
Strands of DNA wrapped around proteins?
28 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
DNA Overload
chromatin
chromosome
chromatid
the cell needs more proteins than the DNA can keep up with wh…
DNA bound to proteins and found throughout the nucleus
condensed and visible chromatin
each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
DNA Overload
the cell needs more proteins than the DNA can keep up with wh…
chromatin
DNA bound to proteins and found throughout the nucleus
14 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Somatic Cell
Diploid chromosome number
Haploid chromosome number
Double stranded chromosome
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
Half of the total organism number. Found in sex cells
Chromosomes that have replicated and appear as an x
Somatic Cell
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Diploid chromosome number
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
24 terms
Biology - cell growth and reproduction
Aptosis
Asexual reproduction
Cancer
Cell cycle
Programmed cell death
Reproduction the only involves one parent and results in offs…
Disorder where some of the body's cells lose the ability to c…
Series of events where a cell grows, prepares for division ,…
Aptosis
Programmed cell death
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction the only involves one parent and results in offs…
18 terms
Biology cell growth and division
phases of cell cycle
2 main stages of cell division
cell grows bigger, it's doing its job,…
synthesis (copy DNA) and chromosomal p…
G1... S... G2... M
mitosis and cytokinesis
G1 phase
S phase
phases of cell cycle
G1... S... G2... M
2 main stages of cell division
mitosis and cytokinesis
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Chromatid
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
Compact visible protein structures.
Identical "sister chromosomes" created by copying chromosomes.
Mitosis
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
Cytokinesis
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Divison
Cell divison
Mitosis
Ctyokinesis
Chromatid
...
...
...
...
Cell divison
...
Mitosis
...
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