Study sets matching "cell biology cells growth"

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Study sets matching "cell biology cells growth"

49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
47 terms
Biology Definitions(Cells, Cell Growth)
Cell
Endosymbiotic theory
Cell theory
Common Characteristics of Cells
basic building block of life
eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts(o…
-all living things composed of cells... -new cells from existing…
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, DNA
Cell
basic building block of life
Endosymbiotic theory
eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts(o…
24 terms
Biology 1 - Cell Growth
Limits to Cell Growth
Solution to Cell Growth
Chromosome Structure
Centromeres
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Cell Division
Telomere... Chromotids... Centromere... Kineticore
Hold X-chromosomes and chromotids together at the center
Limits to Cell Growth
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Solution to Cell Growth
Cell Division
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
21 terms
Biology "Cell Growth "
Interphase
G1
Synthesis
G2
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
The first phase of growth inside a cell
DNA is copied in preparation for cell division
The second growth phase
Interphase
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
G1
The first phase of growth inside a cell
27 terms
Biology - Cell Growth & Division
The rate at which materials enter and…
The process of cell division results i…
Sister chromatids are attached to each…
If a cell has 12 chromosomes, how many…
surface area
two daughter cells
centromere
12
The rate at which materials enter and…
surface area
The process of cell division results i…
two daughter cells
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
why might a cell divide?
binary fission
if the cell is part of a multicellular…
are all cells capable of dividing?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
1. growth (growth of a multicellular organism is not due to…
NO... - more specialized cells are less likely to have the abi…
why might a cell divide?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
binary fission
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
Biology - Cell Growth and Divison
cytokinesis
spindle
chromatids
cancer
division of the cytoplasm
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosom…
disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
spindle
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
29 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
What is DNA
What are chromosomes
What are chromatin
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
Stores all the information for the cell
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Complex protein, DNA that chromosomes are made of... Grandfather…
Why do cells divide?
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
What is DNA
Stores all the information for the cell
Cell Growth and Division, Biology
What is cell division?
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
What are the two stages of cell divisi…
What is mitosis?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
binary fission, asexual
mitosis and cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What is cell division?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
binary fission, asexual
31 terms
Biology- Cell Growth
cell division
daughter cells
growth
differentiation
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
result of cells producing new cells through cell division
process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
Biology: cell growth
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
when the larger the cell gets, the mor…
when cells take in nutruents and elima…
2
information "overload" and exchange of materials
information overload
exchange of materials
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
2
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
information "overload" and exchange of materials
biology, cell growth + division
cell division
reproduction*
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
the formation of new individuals
the reproduction of genetically identical offspring from a si…
offspring are produced by the fusion of two parent cells. off…
cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
reproduction*
the formation of new individuals
Biology Vocab Cell Growth
Diploid
Sperm
Egg
Trait
cell that has two copies of each chromosome
male gamete
female gamete
characteristic that is inherited
Diploid
cell that has two copies of each chromosome
Sperm
male gamete
BIOLOGY-cell growth vocab
Allele
Anaphase
Autosomes
Cell cycle
Different forms of a gene
The third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs…
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Allele
Different forms of a gene
Anaphase
The third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs…
6 terms
Biology Cell Growth
mitosis
chromatid
cytokinesis
cell cycle
division of the cells nucleus
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosomes
division of the cytoplasm
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
division of the cells nucleus
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosomes
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth
DNA.
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
surface area
volume
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
Larger cells have more trouble...
length x width x number of sides
length x width x height
DNA.
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
Larger cells have more trouble...
Cell Growth and Division (biology)
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cell grows in size, and number of prot…
G1 stage, S stage, G2 stage
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Cyclins is?
G1 stages is?
Three stages of interphase is?
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cyclins is?
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Diploid
Haploid
Chromatid
Chromosome
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
The two copies of DNA (replicated DNA)
Condensed chromatin, DNA wrapped around proteins
Diploid
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Haploid
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
51 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
13 terms
biology- cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokenesis
chromatids
centromeres
division of the cell nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
2 identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attatched
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus
cytokenesis
division of the cytoplasm
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell cytoplasm divides i…
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
84 terms
Biology: cell growth and Division
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
M Phase-
-Mitosis
What are some things that happen in Pr…
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
-process where the nucleus divides in two and each new nucleu…
-first and longest phase, chromatin coils into visible chromo…
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
M Phase-
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
37 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Biology Cell Growth Quiz
Diffusion
Osimosis
Cell membranes are permeable to ______…
Tonicity
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
The diffusion of water across a membrane
Water
concentration of solutes that cannot move across a membrane a…
Diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
Osimosis
The diffusion of water across a membrane
16 terms
6- Biology: Cell Growth
Why are cells so small?
Cell nutrients
The cell wants...
What increases faster?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Water, glucose, oxygen
A large surface area and a small volume
Volume increases faster than surface area
Why are cells so small?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Cell nutrients
Water, glucose, oxygen
13 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Reproduction
Gene
gamete
crossing - over
cell cycle
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
an exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosome…
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Gene
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
gamete
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
40 terms
Biology-Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell cycle
Meiosis
Mitosis
Telophase
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
Cell division process that divides the nucleus
Last stage of mitosis when the nucleus reforms and cytokenisi…
Cell cycle
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Meiosis
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
12 terms
Biology cell growth and cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
Centromere
The four main phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anap…
Animal cell telophase and cytokinesis. Cytokinesis is the pro…
One half of the two identical thread like strands of a replic…
The centromere is the part of a chromosome that links the sis…
Mitosis
The four main phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anap…
Cytokinesis
Animal cell telophase and cytokinesis. Cytokinesis is the pro…
13 terms
Biology----- cell growth and cell reproduction
why do cells divide?
mitosis
parent cell
daughter cell
cell bigger=(volume>surface area)=use oxygen and food quickly…
the division of one diploid parent cell into two haploid daug…
the original cell
result from the mitosis, two that divided from one parent cel…
why do cells divide?
cell bigger=(volume>surface area)=use oxygen and food quickly…
mitosis
the division of one diploid parent cell into two haploid daug…
34 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do living things grow?
Ratio for cell size increase.
Cell division
Binary Fission
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Volume increases faster than surface area.
The process whereby the cell divides into daughter cells.
A parent cell is cloned.
Why do living things grow?
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Ratio for cell size increase.
Volume increases faster than surface area.
Biology Final Cell Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
The second stage, division of the cytoplasm.
Chromosome consists of two identical sister chromatids.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Mitosis
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parent cells that fu…
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
Division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that are ex…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division; occurs at the…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
32 terms
biology- cell growth and division
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
two reasons cells divide
differentiation
cells
cells
differentiation and reproduction
a multicellular organism needs to create more cells so that s…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
66 terms
cell growth & cell cycle (biology)
when a living thing grows, how are new…
two things that limit how large cells…
as a cell increases in size, its amoun…
as cells size increases, cell volume i…
cell division
1. DNA overload... 2. surface area to volume ratio
DNA overload
surface area to volume ratio
when a living thing grows, how are new…
cell division
two things that limit how large cells…
1. DNA overload... 2. surface area to volume ratio
30 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Cell Division
Describes how the surface area to volu…
During what part of the cell cycle is…
Identify the two main stages of cell d…
G1
It decreases
Interphase
Mitosis and Cytokensis
Growth- Makes cell parts
Describes how the surface area to volu…
It decreases
During what part of the cell cycle is…
Interphase
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
Biology cell growth
Limits of Cell Growth
Cancer
Chromatin
chromosomes
Surface-To-Volume Ratio
a disorder in which some cells have lost the ability to contr…
long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins called histones
condensed genetic information (DNA) that is passed on from ge…
Limits of Cell Growth
Surface-To-Volume Ratio
Cancer
a disorder in which some cells have lost the ability to contr…
16 terms
Biology - Cell Growth/Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
process which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Cell division of nucleus
Cell divides into two new cells
half of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
process which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Cell division of nucleus
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
Biology-Cell Growth and Division
What is the Cell cycle?
What are the two... main stages of the... ce…
What are the three... phases of interphas…
List and describe 3... challenges large c…
The series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
1. Interphase... 2. Cell Division
1. G1 (Gap-1) - cell growth occurs... 2. S (Synthesis) - DNA rep…
1. Volume increases faster than surface area. The surface are…
What is the Cell cycle?
The series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
What are the two... main stages of the... ce…
1. Interphase... 2. Cell Division
Biology - Cell Growth & Divison
Chromatin
Chromatin
Chromosome
Chromosome
Is a pack [or thread] of necleotudes.
When the fibers are much more looped, or squished together.
'X' shaped
Is a much more nicely organized and relaxed arrangement of th…
Chromatin
Is a pack [or thread] of necleotudes.
Chromatin
When the fibers are much more looped, or squished together.
16 terms
Biology cell growth vocab
Theodor schwan
Theodor schwann
Rudolph virchow
Fredrick and Oswald
Contributed to cell theory worked with Matthias Schleiden; di…
Contributed to cell theory worked with Theodor Schwann; studi…
considered father of pathology; was an advocate for public he…
did experiments trying to find a vaccine for pneumonia;discov…
Theodor schwan
Contributed to cell theory worked with Matthias Schleiden; di…
Theodor schwann
Contributed to cell theory worked with Theodor Schwann; studi…
biology growth/cell development
mitosis
meiosis
diploid
haploid
diploid to diploid
diploid to haploid
pairs of chromosomes (1 from mom, 1 from dad)
one set of chromosomes (usually a mix of mom and dad)
mitosis
diploid to diploid
meiosis
diploid to haploid
13 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction/Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
The division of the cell cytoplasm (2nd stage)
1 of the 2 components in a chromosome
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
38 terms
biology cell growth
cell cycle
M phase
binary fission
interphase
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
cell division that produces two genetically identical organisms
period of cell cycle between cell division
cell cycle
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
M phase
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
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