Study sets matching "cell biology cells organelles"

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Study sets matching "cell biology cells organelles"

65 terms
Biology- Cells and Cell Organelles
Function- separates cell from outside/…
The cell membrane is made out of....
The phospholipid bilayer is not.... (m…
Function- moving material around cell…
Cell Membrane
a phospholipid bilayer
static, it floats around
Vesicle
Function- separates cell from outside/…
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is made out of....
a phospholipid bilayer
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
18 terms
Biology: Cells & Organelles
cell
cyto-
organelle
nucleus
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
a part of the cell containing DNA, surrounded by a double mem…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cyto-
cell
Biology Cells/Cell organelles
prokaryote
eukaryotes
cell theory (fundamental concept of bi…
nucleus
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
organism whose cells contain a nucleus, multicellular
all living things are composed of cells; cells that are basic…
contains the cells DNA, controls the cells functions by codin…
prokaryote
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
eukaryotes
organism whose cells contain a nucleus, multicellular
23 terms
Biology Cells and Cell organelles
the function of ribosomes
cell's reaction to being placed in a s…
part of the animal cell produces the g…
why do plants wilt
to produce proteins
shrivel up and die
they don't have an organelle that produces glucose
cells are in a hypertonic solution
the function of ribosomes
to produce proteins
cell's reaction to being placed in a s…
shrivel up and die
41 terms
biology:cells and cell organelles
types of cells
prokaryote
eukaryotes
the work of life
prokaryote, eukaryotes
no organelles, bacteria cells
organelles, animal/plant cells
breathe, eat, make energy, build molecules, remove wastes, co…
types of cells
prokaryote, eukaryotes
prokaryote
no organelles, bacteria cells
Cell Biology: Cell Organelles
What is the function of the cytoskelet…
What fibers is the cytoskeleton compos…
What is the function of microfilaments…
What is the structure of actin and wha…
A. Intracellular transport system... B. Framework of cell for st…
A. Microtubules - tubulin, hollow (biggest)... B. Intermediate f…
Actin, work with microtubules for cell structure, support, sh…
Globular protein in two chains wrapped around each other; use…
What is the function of the cytoskelet…
A. Intracellular transport system... B. Framework of cell for st…
What fibers is the cytoskeleton compos…
A. Microtubules - tubulin, hollow (biggest)... B. Intermediate f…
56 terms
AP Biology Cell and Organelles
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Prelim Biology : Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
22 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
24 terms
Biology cell and cell organelles
light microscope
scanning electron microscope
transmission electron miscroscopes
red blood cell
light beam passes through specimen and glass that magnifies t…
beam of electrons onto the surface of specimen; surface coate…
focus beam of electrons through a specimen
nucleus is removed after blood cell is made
light microscope
light beam passes through specimen and glass that magnifies t…
scanning electron microscope
beam of electrons onto the surface of specimen; surface coate…
40 terms
SCH Cell Biology - Organelles
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
plasma membrane
cytosol, cytoplasm
cell with no nucleus or membrane bound organelles, domain eub…
cell with a nucleus, domains: protista, fungi, animalia, and…
lipid bilayer that surrounds and delineates a cell, determine…
thick, jelly-like fluid that fills a cell and suspends organe…
prokaryotic cell
cell with no nucleus or membrane bound organelles, domain eub…
eukaryotic cell
cell with a nucleus, domains: protista, fungi, animalia, and…
28 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Glyoxysomes
Amyloplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
Specialized peroxisomes responsible for the conversions of fa…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucose... 1.5 to 8 um... s…
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
23 terms
Cell Organelles, Cell organelles
Organelle
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vesicles
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Powerhouse" or "Energy producer"; makes ATP through cell res…
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
Organelle
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
25 terms
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
Cell Organelles - Biology
cytoskeleton
nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi apparatus
Network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
storehouse for most of the genetic information (DNA) in your…
interconnected network of thin folded membranes
Stack of flat, membrane-enclosed spaces containing enzymes th…
cytoskeleton
Network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
nucleus
storehouse for most of the genetic information (DNA) in your…
26 terms
Cell Organelles Biology
cell membrane
cytoplasm
DNA
chromosomes
allows molecules to enter and leave the cell
watery fluid that fills up cells and allows all the cell proc…
contains directions for making proteins
name of DNA in eukaryotic cells
cell membrane
allows molecules to enter and leave the cell
cytoplasm
watery fluid that fills up cells and allows all the cell proc…
17 terms
Biology SHS Cell Organelles
Plasma / Cell Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Selectively permeable, controls what enters and exits the cell
Gives support & shape to the cell and provides movement for o…
Site of chemical reactions; holds organelles in place
Controls the normal activities of the cell, contains DNA
Plasma / Cell Membrane
Selectively permeable, controls what enters and exits the cell
Cytoskeleton
Gives support & shape to the cell and provides movement for o…
46 terms
CELL BIOLOGY 1 cells and organelles
compartment
cork
magnification power
restricted
間隔,個別室,小事,車廂
软木塞
(放大率),放大倍数
受限制的,有限的
compartment
間隔,個別室,小事,車廂
cork
软木塞
26 terms
AP BIOLOGY Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Site of Ribosome synthesis. (BOTH)
Cytoplasm Area from Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus filled wit…
Nucleus
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Nuclear Envelope
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
18 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Found inside a nucleus; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
25 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Plasmodesmata
Tight Junctions
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
holes and channels in the cell wall that connect adjacent cel…
Establish barriers that prevents leakage of cytoplasm... 0.1 um…
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
18 terms
Cell Organelles for Honors Biology
Nucleus
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Golgi Apparatus/Body
Cell or Plasma Membrane
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cell's DNA and c…
jelly-like liquid found in cells where the organelles float.
Stacks of flattened membranous sacs that collects, modifies,…
phospholipid bilayer that surrounds cell and regulates what e…
Nucleus
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cell's DNA and c…
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
jelly-like liquid found in cells where the organelles float.
17 terms
Cell Organelles (Biology)
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
The type of cell that does NOT have organelles or a nucleus
The type of cell that DOES have organelles and a nucleus
Command center of the cell that controls its activities and s…
Folded membranes in the cell that allows ribosomes to attach…
Prokaryotic cell
The type of cell that does NOT have organelles or a nucleus
Eukaryotic cell
The type of cell that DOES have organelles and a nucleus
16 terms
Cell Organelles, Cell organelles
Organelle
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi body
Cell Wall
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Cell highway", transports goods and materials throughout the…
"Quality control", fixes or changes proteins made by the cell
Gives support and protection to cell; only in plant cells
Organelle
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
Endoplasmic reticulum
"Cell highway", transports goods and materials throughout the…
17 terms
Biology: Cells And Organelles
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Golgi Complex
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Breaks down glucose (sugar molecules) to release energy. Site…
Breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules. Dig…
Modify proteins made by the cell. Package and export proteins.
Aids in the making of proteins. Storage and packaging of prot…
Mitochondria
Breaks down glucose (sugar molecules) to release energy. Site…
Lysosome
Breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules. Dig…
Biology Animal Cell Organelles
made up mainly of lipids and proteins,…
flattened fluid filled membrane bound…
nuclear envelope containing pores and…
internally unstructured round organell…
Plasma Membrane (cell surface membrane)
Golgi apparatus
Nucleus
Lysosome
made up mainly of lipids and proteins,…
Plasma Membrane (cell surface membrane)
flattened fluid filled membrane bound…
Golgi apparatus
Cell Organelles Biology
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus or golgi bodies
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
these process, sort and deliver proteins
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
10 terms
Cell Organelles for Quiz/Test - Biology
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus/Golgi Bodies
Cell Membrane
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
Double layer of phospholipids (lipid bilayer) that surrounds…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
Cytoplasm
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
23 terms
Cell Organelles - Biology
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Houses DNA
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Site of Ribosome synthesis.
Area from Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus filled with cytolsol…
Nucleus
Houses DNA
Nuclear Envelope
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Cells (Cell Structure and Organelles) FCHS Biology 2016
cell
cell theory
microscope
cell membrane
the basic unit of structure and function of life
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. the cell is the bas…
a device used to view objects too small to me seen with the n…
a double layer of phospholipids that surrounds all cells that…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function of life
cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. the cell is the bas…
Cell Biology (Cell Membrane and Organelles)
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid
Protein
Diffusion
-Also known as the plasma membrane... -Made of a phospholipid bi…
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
- proteins are buried inside the membrane ... - Some proteins ha…
- particles move from high concentration to low concentration…
Cell Membrane
-Also known as the plasma membrane... -Made of a phospholipid bi…
Phospholipid
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
33 terms
Cell Biology (Cell Membrane and Organelles)
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid
Protein
Carbohydrates
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
- integral proteins are buried inside the membrane ... - periphe…
- chains of carbohydrates serve as ID markers so the body can…
Cell Membrane
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
Phospholipid
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
11 terms
Biology Organelles and Cell Structures
Nucleus
Cell (plasma) Membrane
Cytoskeleton/Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Ribosomes
dense organelle in most eukaryotic cells and contains all the…
surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell; it's semipermeable so th…
the fluid that fills the cell
the protein builders of the cell
Nucleus
dense organelle in most eukaryotic cells and contains all the…
Cell (plasma) Membrane
surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell; it's semipermeable so th…
19 terms
AS BIOLOGY CELL ORGANELLES
Ribosome
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vacuole
Ribosomes are the sites for protein synthesis
The Nucleus contains all the genetic material for the cell
The mitochondria produces ATP and is the site for aerobic res…
A space inside a cell enclosed by a membrane
Ribosome
Ribosomes are the sites for protein synthesis
Nucleus
The Nucleus contains all the genetic material for the cell
13 terms
Biology: Cells and Organelles
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
produces the energy a cell needs to carry out its function
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cell wall
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell
Cell Biology (Cell Membrane and Organelles)
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid
Amiphipathic
Protein
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
- hydrophobic on one end and hydrophilic on the other
- integral proteins are buried inside the membrane ... - periphe…
Cell Membrane
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
Phospholipid
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
22 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
It's a flexible barrier that holds everything together. It se…
"Powerhouse of cell" that breaks down food to release the ene…
A network that acts as the cells "bones and muscles" by givin…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
It's a flexible barrier that holds everything together. It se…
Cell Organelles, Cell organelles
Organelle
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vesicles
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Powerhouse" or "Energy producer"; makes energy for the cell
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
Organelle
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
12 terms
Biology Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
gases/water can go in and out any time; doesn't allow large p…
outermost layer of a plant cell; provides support and structu…
houses DNA
makes ribosomes
Cell Membrane
gases/water can go in and out any time; doesn't allow large p…
Cell Wall
outermost layer of a plant cell; provides support and structu…
17 terms
Cell Organelles, Cell organelles
Organelle
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vacuole
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Powerhouse" or "Energy producer"; makes energy for the cell
"warehouse," stores food, water, waste; larger in plant cells
Organelle
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
22 terms
biology cell organelles
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear envelope
chromatin
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus. it works togethe…
surrounded by nuclear envelope and contains nearly all of the…
composed of two membranes dotted with thousands of nuclear po…
a complex of DNA bound to proteins. carry a cell's genetic in…
cytoplasm
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus. it works togethe…
nucleus
surrounded by nuclear envelope and contains nearly all of the…
13 terms
Biology Honors: Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
(Food) Vacuole
Lysosome
Ribosome
Allows materials to pass in and out of the cell.
Stores food or water.
Lysos - break down... Contains digestive enzymes to break down f…
Makes proteins; made of RNA and protein.
Cell Membrane
Allows materials to pass in and out of the cell.
(Food) Vacuole
Stores food or water.
Biology: Cell's Organelles
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear membrane
the protective outside layer of the cell that lets some thing…
the watery medium in which the organelles floats in the cell
the organelle that contains all our genetic information on 23…
surround the nucleus and controls what goes in and out
plasma membrane
the protective outside layer of the cell that lets some thing…
cytoplasm
the watery medium in which the organelles floats in the cell
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
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