Study sets matching "cell biology"

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Study sets matching "cell biology"

28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
31 terms
Bi cell biology overview
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
cell or plasma membrane
cell wall
cells lacking a nucleus and having no membrane bound organelles
cells that contain a nucleus and possessing other membrane-bo…
outer boundary of all cells that regulates movement of dissol…
rigid outermost layer of plant cells that provides structural…
prokaryotes
cells lacking a nucleus and having no membrane bound organelles
eukaryotes
cells that contain a nucleus and possessing other membrane-bo…
29 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 12
K+ concentrations inside cells
Na+ and Cl- concentrations inside cells
Ca2+ concentrations inside cells
Channel
increased
are reduced
are drastically reduced
- transmembrane protein... - selective based on charge and size…
K+ concentrations inside cells
increased
Na+ and Cl- concentrations inside cells
are reduced
2.) Cell Biology and Cell Transport
P(rokaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Fungi have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Animals have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
P(rokaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
E(ukaryotic)
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
27 terms
Biology - Cells and Cell Parts
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Nucleus
The "powerhouse" of the cell where energy (ATP) is made
The jelly-like substance where the organelles are located.
The "garbage collector" of the cell; breaks down waste and wo…
The "control center" of the cell; Where DNA is located in euk…
Mitochondria
The "powerhouse" of the cell where energy (ATP) is made
Cytoplasm
The jelly-like substance where the organelles are located.
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
cell biology
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell wall
cell membrane
single cell with no nucleus
cell with a nucleus
provides structure and protection
protects cell and controls what enters and leaves
prokaryote
single cell with no nucleus
eukaryote
cell with a nucleus
biology cells
cell theory
levels of organization
cell
prokaryotic
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are basic…
organelle-cell-tissue-organ-organ system-organism
basic building block from which all living things are made of…
smaller, no organelles, no nucleus, DNA in a circular loop
cell theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are basic…
levels of organization
organelle-cell-tissue-organ-organ system-organism
Cell Biology
Centrioles
centrioles
Centrosome
centrosome
made of tubular (type of microtubule) that organizes the mito…
organizes microtubules; divides with S phase
Centrioles
made of tubular (type of microtubule) that organizes the mito…
centrioles
Biology-CELLS
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
Plant cells and animal cells are consi…
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria and Archea
Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Prokaryotic Cells
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Cell Biology
cell theory
virus
metabolism
homeostsis
living organisms are composed of cells... cells are the smallest…
a non cellular structure consisting of DNA or RNA surrounded…
chemical reactions that occur within a cell (typically contro…
maintaining internal stability
cell theory
living organisms are composed of cells... cells are the smallest…
virus
a non cellular structure consisting of DNA or RNA surrounded…
Biology Cells
Cell membrane
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
Nucleous
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
the power house of the cell, makes energy for the cell.
Controls all of the cells function
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Golgi Apparatus
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
149 terms
Biology (Cells)
Cell Theory
Striated Muscle
Giant Algea
Life Functions
1. All organisms are composed of 1+ cell.... 2. Cells are the mo…
Cell Exception! - More than 1 nuclei.
Cell Exception! - Huge in size (5 - 100mm).
MR. H. GREN - Metabolism, Reproduction, Homeostasis, Growth,…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of 1+ cell.... 2. Cells are the mo…
Striated Muscle
Cell Exception! - More than 1 nuclei.
24 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Cytoplasm
Thin layer that forms the outside boundary of the cell openin…
Large structure that controls all activities of the cell. Con…
Thin layer around the nucleus. It controls what moves in and…
gel-like fluid filling the area between the cell membrane and…
Cell Membrane
Thin layer that forms the outside boundary of the cell openin…
Nucleus
Large structure that controls all activities of the cell. Con…
Biology Cells
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
Responsible for naming cells. In 1665, he used a microscope t…
In 1673, Leeuwenhoek (a Dutch microscope maker), was first to…
A German botanist who contributed to the cell theory. In 1838…
A German zoologist who contributed to the cell theory. In 183…
Robert Hooke
Responsible for naming cells. In 1665, he used a microscope t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
In 1673, Leeuwenhoek (a Dutch microscope maker), was first to…
70 terms
Cell Biology
Orphan Receptors
3 main types of receptors
experiments to know if the activation…
Adenylate Cyclase
receptors that their ligands are unknown
1. ion-channel coupled receptors: binding of a ligand causes…
1. FACS: differentiation between phosphorylated and unphospho…
it's a GPCR, so when a ligand binds, the G protein is activat…
Orphan Receptors
receptors that their ligands are unknown
3 main types of receptors
1. ion-channel coupled receptors: binding of a ligand causes…
15 terms
Biology Cells
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
ribosome
the smallest unit of life
acts as a boundary to let things in and out of the cell
the fluid in the cell that holds all structures in place
where proteins are made
cell
the smallest unit of life
cell membrane
acts as a boundary to let things in and out of the cell
58 terms
biology cells
cells
3 parts of cell theory
two types of cells
eukaryotes
basic unit of life
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
eukaryotes and prokaryotes
have a nucleus, enclose their DNA in nuclei, large, complex,…
cells
basic unit of life
3 parts of cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
37 terms
Biology Cells
EM
SEM
TEM
LM
-black and white... -scans metal... -dead cells... -100,000x
-scans surface... -3D
-scans inside... -2D
-living cells... -colored... -1,000x
EM
-black and white... -scans metal... -dead cells... -100,000x
SEM
-scans surface... -3D
22 terms
Cells - Biology
euglena
amoeba
paramecium
volvox
one celled organism moves by flagella, has an eye spot, conta…
one celled organism moves by cytoplasmic streaming, surrounds…
most complex and specialized of the protists moves by cillia
protists that live in a colony of ciliates, some contain chlo…
euglena
one celled organism moves by flagella, has an eye spot, conta…
amoeba
one celled organism moves by cytoplasmic streaming, surrounds…
22 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell. Fluid mosaic model
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell. Made of cellulose.
Made of microtubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs. 9+2 formation of m…
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell. Fluid mosaic model
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell. Made of cellulose.
Cell biology
nucleus
homeostasis
symbiosis
organelle
...houses the DNA and sends messages to the tell the ribosome…
...The ability of an organism to maintain its temperature and…
...When two organisms depend on one another for survival
...Little organs inside cells that perform specific functions
nucleus
...houses the DNA and sends messages to the tell the ribosome…
homeostasis
...The ability of an organism to maintain its temperature and…
Honors Biology - Cells Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
carbohydrate
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
Component of the cell membrane; "I.D. Card" that allows cells…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
33 terms
biology-cells
schwann
schleiden
virchow
hooke
discovered animals were made of cells
discovered plants were made of cells
said cells come from cells
discovered cells by looking at cork... saw empty chambers
schwann
discovered animals were made of cells
schleiden
discovered plants were made of cells
34 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Organelle
Most basic unit of life
Cells lacking a nucleus and most organelles. Bacteria and arc…
Cells with a nucleus and many organelles. Plant and animal ce…
"Mini-Organ"... compartment of the cell that is enclosed by m…
Cell
Most basic unit of life
Prokaryotes
Cells lacking a nucleus and most organelles. Bacteria and arc…
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
70 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
Plant cells and animal cells are consi…
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Prokaryotic Cells
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
12 terms
Biology Cells
Cells
types of cells
cell membrane
Nucleus
Basic unit of life; new cells produces from existing cells.
muscle cell, bone cell, connective tissue cell
Allows materials to pass into and out of the cell.... thin, flex…
The control center of the cell. It controls cell reproduction…
Cells
Basic unit of life; new cells produces from existing cells.
types of cells
muscle cell, bone cell, connective tissue cell
26 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
A Cell is the smallest unit of life that can replicate indepe…
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
Cell
A Cell is the smallest unit of life that can replicate indepe…
Cell theory
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
biology- cells
cells
cell theory #1
cell theory #2
cell membrane
basic units of life
all things are made up of cells
cells are basic units of structure/functions in living things
thin flexible membrane that surrounds all cells
cells
basic units of life
cell theory #1
all things are made up of cells
22 terms
Biology Cells and Cell Life
First Part of Cell Theory
Second Part of Cell Theory
Third Part of Cell Theory
3 Main Parts of the Cell
All organisms are made of cells
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life
All cells arise from pre-existing cells.
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
First Part of Cell Theory
All organisms are made of cells
Second Part of Cell Theory
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life
13 terms
Biology-Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable
Phospholipid
Diffusion
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
(of a membrane) selectively permeable, allows some substances…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Semipermeable
(of a membrane) selectively permeable, allows some substances…
27 terms
Biology Cells
Early Microscopes:
Cell Theory:
Types of Microscopes:
Light Microscope:
1665: Robert Hooke used a compound microscope to look at a th…
1. All living things are composed of one or more living cells…
Microscopes magnify objects to see more detail ... Light microsc…
Early Microscopes:
1665: Robert Hooke used a compound microscope to look at a th…
Cell Theory:
1. All living things are composed of one or more living cells…
22 terms
Cell Cycle: Cell Biology
Cell Division
Cell Division in Prokaryotes
Cell Division in Eukaryotes
Cell Cycle
Process of making new cells
Binary Fission ... 1 - Chromosome attached to membrane of the ce…
2 types (Mitosis and Meiosis)
3 stages... 1 - Interphase (has 3 stages)... 2 - Mitosis (has 4 sta…
Cell Division
Process of making new cells
Cell Division in Prokaryotes
Binary Fission ... 1 - Chromosome attached to membrane of the ce…
43 terms
Biology Cell
Flagellum
Nuclear Envelope
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Whip like stucture for locomotion
Holds nucleus together (can be reffered as a membrane)
Digestion Center
Site of cellular respiration where ATP is made
Flagellum
Whip like stucture for locomotion
Nuclear Envelope
Holds nucleus together (can be reffered as a membrane)
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
25 terms
Biology cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Vacuole
Most basic unit of all known orgnasims
Protect and organizing cells
Powerhouse of all cells (ATP)
Stores energy
Cell
Most basic unit of all known orgnasims
Cell membrane
Protect and organizing cells
Cell Biology
1665-Robert Hooke
1675-Anton van Leewenhoek
1838-Schleiden and Schwann
Virchow
1st to observe dead plant = Cork
1st to observe living cells
1st to state plant and animals are made of cells
stated that cells come from other cells
1665-Robert Hooke
1st to observe dead plant = Cork
1675-Anton van Leewenhoek
1st to observe living cells
Biology: Cell
oldest family of cells (3.5-8 x 10^9)
Found in Bacteria
Contains ... -DNA... -cytoplasm... -cell wall a…
Prokarotic cells contain...(3)
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
DNA Cytoplasm cell wall and membrane
oldest family of cells (3.5-8 x 10^9)
Prokaryotic
Found in Bacteria
Prokaryotic
7 terms
Cell Biology
cell
cell theory
electron microscope
microscope
Basic unit of life
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
16 terms
Cell Biology Essential Cell Parts
plasma membrane
cell wall
cytosol
ribosome
the boundary on the outside of a cell that regulates what ent…
found in plants and prokaryotic cells that provides shape, st…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
a small enzyme that synthesizes (constructs) proteins
plasma membrane
the boundary on the outside of a cell that regulates what ent…
cell wall
found in plants and prokaryotic cells that provides shape, st…
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
24 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 13
Cellular respiration
Aerobic respiration
Glycolysis
3 Phases of glycolysis
Chemical reactions involving an energy transformation where p…
- Requires oxygen... - Digestion of biopolymers... - 50% of energy…
• Does not require O2... • Break down of glucose ... • Requires ATP…
Investment phase... Cleavage phase... Energy recovery... • All steps r…
Cellular respiration
Chemical reactions involving an energy transformation where p…
Aerobic respiration
- Requires oxygen... - Digestion of biopolymers... - 50% of energy…
44 terms
Biology:Cells
What are the smallest and simplest cel…
What is a prokaryote?
When did prokaryote live?
What are prokaryotes that cause infect…
prokaryote
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus and other inter…
3.5 billion years ago
bateria
What are the smallest and simplest cel…
prokaryote
What is a prokaryote?
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus and other inter…
biology cell
nucleus
lysosome
centriole
flagella
holds DNA
aids in digestion
aids in cell division
helps move
nucleus
holds DNA
lysosome
aids in digestion
55 terms
Cell Biology
Compound light microscopes
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Plant Cell
2 lenses to form an image
Shine a beam of electrons through a thin specimen. Can magnif…
Run a pencil-like beam of electrons back and forth across the…
Compound light microscopes
2 lenses to form an image
Transmission Electron Microscope
Shine a beam of electrons through a thin specimen. Can magnif…
CELL BIOLOGY
Cell theory
Cell theory
Cell theory
Prokaryotes
All living things are made of cells
Cells are basic unit of structure and function
New cells come from preexisting cells
No nucleus: DNA in an area called the nucleoid region(not enc…
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells
Cell theory
Cells are basic unit of structure and function
Cell Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Contains DNA and controls cellular functions
Manufactures ribosomes
Uses glucose to make ATP energy thru cellular respiration
Use sunlight to make glucose thru photosynthesis
Nucleus
Contains DNA and controls cellular functions
Nucleolus
Manufactures ribosomes
19 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Cell
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. The cel…
the smallest structural and functional units of all living th…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. The cel…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional units of all living th…
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