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Study sets matching "cell biology"

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Study sets matching "cell biology"

107 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Organisms containing only one cell car…
GROWTH
HOMOEOSTASIS
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. A cell is the sm…
1. GROWTH ... 2. HOMOEOSTASIS ... 3. EXCRETION... 4. REPRODUCTION ... 5.…
irreversible increase in size. May be limited but is always e…
keeping conditions inside the organism within tolerable limits
Cell Theory
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. A cell is the sm…
Organisms containing only one cell car…
1. GROWTH ... 2. HOMOEOSTASIS ... 3. EXCRETION... 4. REPRODUCTION ... 5.…
22 terms
Biology Cell Transportation
Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Movement of MOLECULES from area of high concentration to an a…
Diffusion of WATER through a semipermeable membrane from a pl…
Concentration of solutes outside the cell is higher than the…
Concentration of solutes outside the cell is lower than the c…
Diffusion
Movement of MOLECULES from area of high concentration to an a…
Osmosis
Diffusion of WATER through a semipermeable membrane from a pl…
34 terms
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
22 terms
Cell Biology
cell
organism
cell theory
molecule
Basic unit of all living things
Any living thing
States that all organisms are made up of one or more cells, t…
A group of atoms bonded together
cell
Basic unit of all living things
organism
Any living thing
31 terms
Biology Unit: Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Chloroplast
Semi-Permeable Protection
Shape and Protection
Separate Chromosomes (Mitosis)
(Sun) Energy to Food [Have their own DNA]
Cell Membrane
Semi-Permeable Protection
Cell Wall
Shape and Protection
85 terms
Biology: Cell Unit / Transport
Cell Theory
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
1. All living things are made up of cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protec…
Jelly-like substance within a cell; The portion of the cell o…
Where proteins are made; they can be either free or attached…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made up of cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protec…
13 terms
Biology-Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable
Phospholipid
Diffusion
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
(of a membrane) selectively permeable, allows some substances…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Semipermeable
(of a membrane) selectively permeable, allows some substances…
124 terms
Biology EOC Cell Structure
What is the cell theory?
What is a theory?
What is a scientific law?
How do you identify a prokaryote and e…
Cells are the basic unit of life. All organisms are composed…
An explanation of an idea.
Makes a statement.
Prokaryotic cell—no nuclear membrane, no nucleus... Eukaryotic c…
What is the cell theory?
Cells are the basic unit of life. All organisms are composed…
What is a theory?
An explanation of an idea.
128 terms
Cell Biology Exam 1.
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Ester
Phosphate Group
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
an organic compound made by chemically combining an alcohol a…
A functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
Ionic Bond
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
26 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 17
Actin-binding Protein
Actin Filament
Cell Cortex
Centriole
Protein that interacts with actin monomers or filaments to co…
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globular…
Specialized layer of cytoplasm on the inner face of the plasm…
Cylindrical array of microtubules usually found in pairs at t…
Actin-binding Protein
Protein that interacts with actin monomers or filaments to co…
Actin Filament
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globular…
6 terms
Biology: Plant Cell
cell wall
chloroplast
mitochondria
nucleus
cell wall
chloroplast
27 terms
Biology - Cells and Cell Parts
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Nucleus
The "powerhouse" of the cell where energy (ATP) is made
The jelly-like substance where the organelles are located.
The "garbage collector" of the cell; breaks down waste and wo…
The "control center" of the cell; Where DNA is located in euk…
Mitochondria
The "powerhouse" of the cell where energy (ATP) is made
Cytoplasm
The jelly-like substance where the organelles are located.
150 terms
Cell Biology
Robert Hooke
Anton can Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
year: 1665... Contribution-First to observe a cell... ["Cell"- obse…
year: 1673... Contribution- made his own microscope, discovered…
year: 1838... Contribution- realized all plants are made of cells
year: 1839... Contribution: all animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
year: 1665... Contribution-First to observe a cell... ["Cell"- obse…
Anton can Leeuwenhoek
year: 1673... Contribution- made his own microscope, discovered…
29 terms
Biology: Cells/Osmosis/Diffusion
solute
solvent
cell theory
Cytoplasm
substance that is being dissolved. The "stuff"
The substance doing the dissolving, usually water
all organisms are made of cells; all existing cells are produ…
jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
solute
substance that is being dissolved. The "stuff"
solvent
The substance doing the dissolving, usually water
82 terms
Cell Biology
Ocular
objective
stage
head
part below the ocular
Ocular
objective
35 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
30 terms
Cell Biology
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
Schleiden and Schwann
Virchow
1665, first scientist to see a cell, cork, compound light mic…
1675 Dutch naturalist who created a very powerful (for the ti…
individually documented the results of a systematic investiga…
concluded cells come from other cells
Robert Hooke
1665, first scientist to see a cell, cork, compound light mic…
Anton van Leewenhoek
1675 Dutch naturalist who created a very powerful (for the ti…
20 terms
Cell Biology
cells
prokaryote
eukaryote
fungi
building block of all living things
cells that lack a true nucleus... Examples: bacteria
cells that have a nucleus
single or multicellular, eukaryotic organisms that have thick…
cells
building block of all living things
prokaryote
cells that lack a true nucleus... Examples: bacteria
38 terms
Cell Biology
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from…
the portion of the nucleus responsible for constructing ribos…
the organelle found in ALL cell types on earth. This is the s…
the organelle found in eukaryotic cells that extends off of t…
nuclear envelope
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from…
nucleolus
the portion of the nucleus responsible for constructing ribos…
172 terms
Cell Biology: Exam 1
Cells, Cells
Communities of Cells
um, mm
Amino acids, DNA, Viruses
All living creatures are made of ____________. The simplest f…
Higher organisms, such as ourselves, are like _______________…
Cells can be very diverse: superficially, they come in variou…
Despite the diversity, cells resemble each other to an astoni…
Cells, Cells
All living creatures are made of ____________. The simplest f…
Communities of Cells
Higher organisms, such as ourselves, are like _______________…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
20 terms
IGCSE Biology - Cell structures
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
Jelly-like substance which makes up most of the cell's volume…
This is the largest organelle. It contains DNA in the form of…
Cell membrane
Partially permeable. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Cell wall
Fully permeable. Made of cellulose. Gives plant cells their s…
44 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Eukaryotic
Equilibrium
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
contains DNA
A cell which has a nucleus enclosed by a membrane, as well as…
when the concentration of the molecules of the substance is t…
Cell Theory
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
Nucleus
contains DNA
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
22 terms
Cell Biology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Contains DNA and controls cellular functions
Manufactures ribosomes
Uses glucose to make ATP energy thru cellular respiration
Use sunlight to make glucose thru photosynthesis
Nucleus
Contains DNA and controls cellular functions
Nucleolus
Manufactures ribosomes
87 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
20 terms
Year 9 Biology - Cells
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Chloroplasts
Surrounds the cell membrane and gives the plant extra support…
Contains DNA which controls how the body grows and changes.
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Use energy in sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into…
Cell Wall
Surrounds the cell membrane and gives the plant extra support…
Nucleus
Contains DNA which controls how the body grows and changes.
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
25 terms
Cells Biology I
Eukaryotic (Eukaryote)
Prokaryotic (Prokaryote)
Organelle
DNA
Organisms whose cells contain nuclei and other internal organ…
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus or any other internal or…
Structures within eukaryotic cells that perform important cel…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... Molecule found in all cells that caries…
Eukaryotic (Eukaryote)
Organisms whose cells contain nuclei and other internal organ…
Prokaryotic (Prokaryote)
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus or any other internal or…
35 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
96 terms
Cell biology test 1
What was Robert Hooke's major contribu…
How did Anton van Leeuwenhoek contribu…
What are the two components of the cel…
Describe Pasteur's experiment and how…
a. First view of the cell (plant cells)
a. First to view single celled organisms (called them "animal…
a. All living things are made up of one or more cells... b. All…
a. He had a control experiment which included a straight neck…
What was Robert Hooke's major contribu…
a. First view of the cell (plant cells)
How did Anton van Leeuwenhoek contribu…
a. First to view single celled organisms (called them "animal…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
The theory that states that all living things are made of cel…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
Cell Theory
The theory that states that all living things are made of cel…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
18 terms
Biology: Cells & Organelles
cell
cyto-
organelle
nucleus
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
a part of the cell containing DNA, surrounded by a double mem…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cyto-
cell
8 terms
biology cells
small simple cell
generally larger cell
more complex cells
plant cells
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
small simple cell
prokaryotic cells
generally larger cell
eukaryotic cells
159 terms
Cell Biology Final Prep
C
B
C
A
[1.1] The feature that most clearly distinguishes eukaryotes…
[1.2] Which energy-producing process is thought to have come…
[1.3] Eukaryotic cell nuclei contain genes that are __... ... A) p…
[1.4] Organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts are th…
C
[1.1] The feature that most clearly distinguishes eukaryotes…
B
[1.2] Which energy-producing process is thought to have come…
22 terms
Cells - Biology
euglena
amoeba
paramecium
volvox
one celled organism moves by flagella, has an eye spot, conta…
one celled organism moves by cytoplasmic streaming, surrounds…
most complex and specialized of the protists moves by cillia
protists that live in a colony of ciliates, some contain chlo…
euglena
one celled organism moves by flagella, has an eye spot, conta…
amoeba
one celled organism moves by cytoplasmic streaming, surrounds…
105 terms
Cell Biology Test 1
Cell Theory
Know the parts of the cell
Plasma Membrane
Glycocalyx
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
- Seperates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids... -…
glycoprotein area abutting the cell that provides highly spec…
Cell Theory
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
Know the parts of the cell
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
13 terms
Cell Biology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
Cell Theory
cell membrane
single cell organism; does NOT have nucleus; does NOT have me…
multi-cellular organism; has nucleus; has membrane bound orga…
1. All organisms are made of one or more cells.... 2 Basic unit…
flexible cover around cell that controls movement of material…
prokaryotic
single cell organism; does NOT have nucleus; does NOT have me…
eukaryotic
multi-cellular organism; has nucleus; has membrane bound orga…
38 terms
Honors Biology - Cells
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
organelles
basic unit of structure and function in living things
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
one of the first people to observe cells.
small structures inside a cell that carry out specific funtions
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell theory
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
Biology Cells
Cell membrane
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
Nucleous
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
the power house of the cell, makes energy for the cell.
Controls all of the cells function
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Golgi Apparatus
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
31 terms
Biology Cell Test
Flagellum
Nuclear Envelope
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Whip like stucture for locomotion
Holds nucleus together (can be reffered as a membrane)
Digestion Center
Site of cellular respiration where ATP is made
Flagellum
Whip like stucture for locomotion
Nuclear Envelope
Holds nucleus together (can be reffered as a membrane)
19 terms
AP Biology - Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Interphase
Primary growth phase of the cell
Phase where genome is replicated
Preparation made for separation of genomes; organelles replic…
Collective name for G1, S, and G2 Phases
G1 Phase
Primary growth phase of the cell
S Phase
Phase where genome is replicated
72 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
29 terms
Cell Respiration - AP Biology
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Fermentation
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
Anaerobic phase of cellular respiration that breaks down gluc…
A process that produces a small amount of energy in the absen…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells produce energy (ATP)... C6H12O6 + 6O2…
ATP
Consists of adenosine plus 3 phosphates; source of immediate…
70 terms
Cell Biology
Orphan Receptors
3 main types of receptors
experiments to know if the activation…
Adenylate Cyclase
receptors that their ligands are unknown
1. ion-channel coupled receptors: binding of a ligand causes…
1. FACS: differentiation between phosphorylated and unphospho…
it's a GPCR, so when a ligand binds, the G protein is activat…
Orphan Receptors
receptors that their ligands are unknown
3 main types of receptors
1. ion-channel coupled receptors: binding of a ligand causes…
44 terms
Biology:Cells
What are the smallest and simplest cel…
What is a prokaryote?
When did prokaryote live?
What are prokaryotes that cause infect…
prokaryote
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus and other inter…
3.5 billion years ago
bateria
What are the smallest and simplest cel…
prokaryote
What is a prokaryote?
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus and other inter…
18 terms
Unit 2: Cell Biology- Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
15 terms
Biology Cells
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
ribosome
the smallest unit of life
acts as a boundary to let things in and out of the cell
the fluid in the cell that holds all structures in place
where proteins are made
cell
the smallest unit of life
cell membrane
acts as a boundary to let things in and out of the cell
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