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Study sets matching "cell cells biology chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "cell cells biology chapter 3"

34 terms
AP Biology Cells Chapter 3
Cell
Why are cell so small?
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Basic functional unit of all living things.
Surface-to-volume ratio optimal.
Separates internal metabolic evenets from the external enviro…
Cell
Basic functional unit of all living things.
Why are cell so small?
Surface-to-volume ratio optimal.
67 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
plasma membrane
cytoplasma
nucleus
nucleus
this form the outer boundary of the cell
located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
the control center of the cell / contains DNA
enclosed by nuclear envelope / double membrane with nuclear p…
plasma membrane
this form the outer boundary of the cell
cytoplasma
located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
75 terms
Anatomy / Biology chapter 3, cell stucture
Vacuoles
Nucleous
Cytoplasm
Plasma membrane
Location- In cytolplasm. Function- Storage
Contains the cell's genetic material, which controls the cell.
Living material surrounding the nucleous.
Functions of this structure are to enclose the cytoplasm and…
Vacuoles
Location- In cytolplasm. Function- Storage
Nucleous
Contains the cell's genetic material, which controls the cell.
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
29 terms
Essential Cell Biology Chapter 3
acetyl CoA... (acetyl coenzyme A)
activated carrier
activation energy
ADP... (adenosine 5'-diphosphate)
Small water-soluble molecule that carries acetyl groups in ce…
A small molecule used to carry energy or chemical groups in m…
The extra energy that must be acquired by a molecule to under…
Nucleotide that is produced by hydrolysis of the terminal pho…
acetyl CoA... (acetyl coenzyme A)
Small water-soluble molecule that carries acetyl groups in ce…
activated carrier
A small molecule used to carry energy or chemical groups in m…
76 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
examples of cells that are prokaryotic?
The ____ membrane separates the cytopl…
Smallest to largest.
The small structures within the cytopl…
bacterial cells and archaeal cell.
plasma
1. Atom... 2. protein... 3. virus... 4. chloroplast... 5. human egg
organelles
examples of cells that are prokaryotic?
bacterial cells and archaeal cell.
The ____ membrane separates the cytopl…
plasma
78 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3
What is the start codon?
What are the two ends of an amino acid…
How many different amino acids are the…
Which amino acid is able to form disul…
Met (methionine)
N-terminus (amino group) and C-terminus (carboxyl group)
20
Cysteine
What is the start codon?
Met (methionine)
What are the two ends of an amino acid…
N-terminus (amino group) and C-terminus (carboxyl group)
Holt Biology Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Cells that DO NOT have a nucleus and other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
organelle
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Biology Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
plasma membrane
~charged phosphate group... ~glycerol... ~tw…
Fluid Mosaic Model
Selective Permeability
What is the other name for a cell membrane?
What are the three basic parts of a phospholipid?
Describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up a cel…
The cell membrane has this property. Means to allow some, but…
plasma membrane
What is the other name for a cell membrane?
~charged phosphate group... ~glycerol... ~tw…
What are the three basic parts of a phospholipid?
58 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Biology
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Structure- lipid bilayer composed of phospholipids and choles…
Structure- Enclosed by nuclear envelope, a double membrane wi…
Structure: Membranous tubules and flattened sacs with attache…
Structure: Membranous tubules and flattened sacs with no atta…
Plasma Membrane
Structure- lipid bilayer composed of phospholipids and choles…
Nucleus
Structure- Enclosed by nuclear envelope, a double membrane wi…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3: Cell Theory
Hooke-(1665)
van Leeuwenhoek-(1674)
Cell theory
Virchow-(1855)
Sees and name the cell
Sees living cells
1. Living things contain cells... 2. Cells are the basic unit of…
Discovered the third meaning of the cell theory
Hooke-(1665)
Sees and name the cell
van Leeuwenhoek-(1674)
Sees living cells
22 terms
Cell biology Ch:3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Membrane enclosed organelle, Dna enclosed in nucleus, plant c…
In bacteria and Archae, no nucleus, most have cell walls
Where DNA is stored and replicated; where RNA is transcribed…
Involved in ribosomes production.
Eukaryotic cells
Membrane enclosed organelle, Dna enclosed in nucleus, plant c…
Prokaryotic Cells
In bacteria and Archae, no nucleus, most have cell walls
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Cell and Cell Structures Vocabulary
Cell
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The Cell Theory
Basic unit of structure and function of living things; smalle…
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
Theory that all living things are made up of cells, all life…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function of living things; smalle…
Robert Hooke
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
18 terms
Cell Biology - Chapter 3
What is the 2nd law of thermodynamics?
Catabolism
Anabolism
What is the free energy?
In any given isolated system, the degree of disorder... (entropy…
Large molecules are degraded (digested)... into smaller molecule…
Large molecules are made by combinding... small molecules as pre…
The energy can be harnessed and used for chemical reactions
What is the 2nd law of thermodynamics?
In any given isolated system, the degree of disorder... (entropy…
Catabolism
Large molecules are degraded (digested)... into smaller molecule…
24 terms
Biology chapter 3 Cell Transport
Concentration
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
Diffusion
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
the process of molecular movement which does not require energy
the net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Concentration
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
Concentration gradient
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
58 terms
Chapter 3 Review of Cell Biology
The cell
Somatic cells
Sex cells
Cell Membrane
Performs all life function
All body cells except sex cells
reproductive cells... ---male sperm, female oocytes
Physical barrier... Regulates exchange... --ions and nutrients ente…
The cell
Performs all life function
Somatic cells
All body cells except sex cells
100 terms
Biology 12- Chapter 3 Cell Biology
Cell theory
cell
This is true about a cell
advantage of small cells
all living things are made up of cells, new cells arise only…
Structural and functional unit of an organism; smallest and m…
molecules/macromolecules inside cells are not active, collect…
high surface area to volume ratio enables cells to efficientl…
Cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, new cells arise only…
cell
Structural and functional unit of an organism; smallest and m…
38 terms
Cancer Cell Biology Chapter 3
Tumor Viruses
3 genes a normal retrovirus has:
oncogene
How do viruses transform cells?
-have rna as their genome... -viruses classified as infectious a…
1. internal proteins... 2. envelope glycoproteins... 3. enzymes rev…
-a gene that in certain circumstances can transform a cell in…
-virus infections act as a mutagen ... -Cell transformation is a…
Tumor Viruses
-have rna as their genome... -viruses classified as infectious a…
3 genes a normal retrovirus has:
1. internal proteins... 2. envelope glycoproteins... 3. enzymes rev…
38 terms
Cell Biology - Chapter 3
Prokaryotes do not have......
Prokaryotes do have ....
What organisms do not have a cell wall?
What scientist concluded that plants a…
a nuclues, nuclear envelope, membrane bound organelles
cell membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, ribosomes
animals
Schleiden
Prokaryotes do not have......
a nuclues, nuclear envelope, membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotes do have ....
cell membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, ribosomes
12 terms
Biology Chapter 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
Nucleus
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
12 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3: Energetics and Kinetics
What is the equation that represents t…
Some useful log functions.
How is standard free energy (G0) defin…
What does (delta)G in a rxn indicate?
(delta) G = G0 + 2.3RT log(10) [A]... -where G0 = standard free…
log(10) X + log(10) Y = log(10) XY... -log(10) X = log(10) 1/X
Standard free energy (G0) is the FREE ENERGY that accompanies…
The reaction has reached equilibrium.
What is the equation that represents t…
(delta) G = G0 + 2.3RT log(10) [A]... -where G0 = standard free…
Some useful log functions.
log(10) X + log(10) Y = log(10) XY... -log(10) X = log(10) 1/X
53 terms
Molecular Biology of the Cell Chapter 3
What constitutes most of the cell's dr…
Some Protein Functions (7+)
Another word for protein
Polypeptide Backbone
Proteins
-Catalyze... -Channels and pumps to control passage in/out of th…
Polypeptide
This is a fundamental chain that all amino acids have in comm…
What constitutes most of the cell's dr…
Proteins
Some Protein Functions (7+)
-Catalyze... -Channels and pumps to control passage in/out of th…
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
29 terms
Essential Cell Biology Chapter 3
acetyl CoA... (acetyl coenzyme A)
activated carrier
activation energy
ADP... (adenosine 5'-diphosphate)
Small water-soluble molecule that carries acetyl groups in ce…
A small molecule used to carry energy or chemical groups in m…
The extra energy that must be acquired by a molecule to under…
Nucleotide that is produced by hydrolysis of the terminal pho…
acetyl CoA... (acetyl coenzyme A)
Small water-soluble molecule that carries acetyl groups in ce…
activated carrier
A small molecule used to carry energy or chemical groups in m…
77 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 3: Cells
Named "cells" because they look like _…
All ________ are made up of one or mor…
Cells are the ____ _____ __ _______ an…
All cells come from _______ _____
prison cells
organisms
basic units of structure
preexisting cells
Named "cells" because they look like _…
prison cells
All ________ are made up of one or mor…
organisms
50 terms
biology: the living cell, the cell membrane, cell transport-chapter 3
robert hooke
anton von leeuwenhoek
matthias schleiden
theodore schwann
saw cork "cells", named them cells
observed "tiny animals" in pond water; turned out to be proti…
discovered cells in every part of plant
discovered cells in every part of animal
robert hooke
saw cork "cells", named them cells
anton von leeuwenhoek
observed "tiny animals" in pond water; turned out to be proti…
13 terms
Biology : Chapter 3.3 Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid
Fluid Mosaic Model
Selective Permeability
Double layer of phospholipids interspersed with a variety of…
Molecule composed of a charged phosphate group, glycerol, and…
Describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up a cel…
Membrane allows some, but not all, molecules to cross
Cell Membrane
Double layer of phospholipids interspersed with a variety of…
Phospholipid
Molecule composed of a charged phosphate group, glycerol, and…
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
modern cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
modern cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
33 terms
Cell Biology & Genetics (Chapter 3)
Cell Theory
Principle Of Complementarity
What does these structure of a cell te…
Squamous
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
Function always reflects structure. What a structure can do d…
Its function
Thin, flat angular contour viewed form above--Found in Skin
Cell Theory
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
Principle Of Complementarity
Function always reflects structure. What a structure can do d…
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Cell
What is the theory of endosynbiosis?
What is a eukaryotic cell?
What are all organisms made of?
Where do cells come from?
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
A cell that has internal membranes that compartmentalized the…
Cells
Pre-existing cells
What is the theory of endosynbiosis?
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
What is a eukaryotic cell?
A cell that has internal membranes that compartmentalized the…
75 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 3 (Lipids)
What are the six classes of lipids?
What unique characteristic do lipids h…
What cellular structure are lipids mos…
Do lipids have high or low molecular w…
Fatty acids... Triacylglycerols... Phospholipids... Glycolipids... Steroi…
Lipids arn't formed by the same type of linear polymerization…
Cell membranes
High
What are the six classes of lipids?
Fatty acids... Triacylglycerols... Phospholipids... Glycolipids... Steroi…
What unique characteristic do lipids h…
Lipids arn't formed by the same type of linear polymerization…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
antibiotic
cell theory
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
a chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
cells that lack internal membrane-bound organelles
cells that contain membrane-bound organelles, including a cen…
antibiotic
a chemical that can slow or stop the growth of bacteria; many…
cell theory
the concept that all living organisms are made of cells and t…
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
235 terms
Chapter 3- Cell Biology 1: The Cell and Cell Structures
The smallest bit of matter that can be…
First observer of the cell
What did Robert Hooke use to observe t…
Who coined the term cell
Cell
Robert Hooke
A simple microscope
Robert Hooke
The smallest bit of matter that can be…
Cell
First observer of the cell
Robert Hooke
17 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Division (Eukaryotic Cells)
Cell Division
DNA
Chromosome
Chromatids
A process in which cells divide in order to grow, develop, re…
Also known as deoxyribonucleic acids, it is a chemical in the…
is a structure that is formed when the cell is ready to repro…
are part of chromosomes and are made of densely packed nucleo…
Cell Division
A process in which cells divide in order to grow, develop, re…
DNA
Also known as deoxyribonucleic acids, it is a chemical in the…
22 terms
Essential Cell Biology-Chapter 3
What is the primary source of energy f…
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
Does life violate the second law of th…
Sunlight
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed.
The disorder of the universe (entropy) is always increasing.
No. Despite the fact that cells are ordered structures, their…
What is the primary source of energy f…
Sunlight
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed.
80 terms
Chapter 3 Cell Flashcards
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplasts
cilia
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
short hairlike projection similar to a flagellum; produces mo…
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
49 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Mattias Schleiden
all living things are composed of cells. cells are the basic…
first to name/discover cells from a dead piece of a cork plant
first person to to see living cells and discover microorganisms
stated that all plants are made of cells
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells. cells are the basic…
Robert Hooke
first to name/discover cells from a dead piece of a cork plant
78 terms
Chapter 3: Cell Biology
what is the outer layer of the cell ca…
The liquid that forms through the cell
What are organelles?
What are the 3 functions used for the…
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
specialized structures that perform specific functions
cell metabolism, synthesis of molecules, and Communication
what is the outer layer of the cell ca…
plasma membrane
The liquid that forms through the cell
cytoplasm
Chapter 3, Cell Biology
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasmic Inclusions
Nuclear Pores
The cellular material outside nucleus but inside plasma membr…
The structure that supports cell and holds the nucleus and ot…
Aggregates of chemicals either produced or taken in by the ce…
Structures that allow molecules to move between nucleus and c…
Cytoplasm
The cellular material outside nucleus but inside plasma membr…
Cytoskeleton
The structure that supports cell and holds the nucleus and ot…
33 terms
RHS Applied Biology: Chapter 3 Cell Structure
Cell Membrane
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
All living things are made up of cells; cells are the basic u…
Thick boundary made of proteins and carbohydrates to help sup…
In plant cells, stores ions, nutrients and wastes to make the…
Cell Membrane
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
Cell Theory
All living things are made up of cells; cells are the basic u…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Cell and Cell Structures Vocabulary
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The Cell Theory
Theodore Schwann
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
Theory that all living things are made up of cells, all life…
(1839) Proposed that all animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
First to observe cells (1665) while using a simple microscope
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Described cells that could move by viewing blood cells and ba…
17 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Cell Division
Bacteria
Characteristics of Bacteria
Schleiden & Schwann (1838-1839) ... All living cells are formed…
A cell reproduces by duplicating its DNA and dividing in two,…
Bacteria are the smallest and simplest cells. ... They often con…
Prokaryotic (before the nucleus)... Non membrane bound organelle…
Cell Theory
Schleiden & Schwann (1838-1839) ... All living cells are formed…
Cell Division
A cell reproduces by duplicating its DNA and dividing in two,…
19 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology chapter 3
shaped like a v(2 hydrogens(partially…
overall charge of a molecule is uneven
linking together of like molecules; ma…
clinging of one substance to another,…
what is water?
what is a polar molecule?
what is cohesion?
what is adhesion?
shaped like a v(2 hydrogens(partially…
what is water?
overall charge of a molecule is uneven
what is a polar molecule?
34 terms
Biology vocab chapter 3 cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
organelles
Prokaryotic cell
3 major principles: all things have cells, all cells come fro…
Jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
don't have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles; sing…
Cell theory
3 major principles: all things have cells, all cells come fro…
Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular buildin…
54 terms
General Biology 106 Cell Biology- Chapter 3
Cells
Cell Theory
Ribosomes
Cytoplasm
The smallest unit of life that can function independently
1. All organisms are made of one or more cells ... 2. The cell i…
Structures that manufacture proteins... 2 Types of Ribosomes... 1.…
Fluid that occupies much of the volume of the cell... -not in al…
Cells
The smallest unit of life that can function independently
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are made of one or more cells ... 2. The cell i…
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