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Study sets matching "cell cells heredity chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "cell cells heredity chapter 4"

20 terms
Chapter 4 Science Cells & Heredity
Genetic Code
What does the order of the bases along…
mRNA during protein synthesis
Where does protein synthesis take place?
order of nitrogen bases along a gene
the order in which amino acids are put together to form a pro…
copies the coded message from the DNA and carries it into the…
on the ribosmomes in the cytoplasm of the cell
Genetic Code
order of nitrogen bases along a gene
What does the order of the bases along…
the order in which amino acids are put together to form a pro…
9 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
On the side of a DNA molecule, with wh…
In DNA, what does adenine always pair…
What is the process by which DNA copie…
What is the process called in which pr…
phosphates
thymine
DNA replication
Protein Synthesis
On the side of a DNA molecule, with wh…
phosphates
In DNA, what does adenine always pair…
thymine
13 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and Heredity
sexual reproduction
phenotype
genotype
dominant
a cell containing genetic information from a mother and fathe…
the actual characteristics that can be seen
name for the genes an organism has
expressed even if only one copy is present in the genotype
sexual reproduction
a cell containing genetic information from a mother and fathe…
phenotype
the actual characteristics that can be seen
17 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Sexual reproduction
Gene
Heredity
Allele
A cell containing the genetic information from the mother cel…
A unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
The passing of genes from parents to offspring.
The various forms of the same gene.
Sexual reproduction
A cell containing the genetic information from the mother cel…
Gene
A unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
9 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Nitrogen bases
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
Type of RNA that carries copies of instruction for the assemb…
Type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries amino acids to the…
Nitrogen bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA replication
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Nitrogen Bases
DNA's Nitrogen Bases are:
After 100 years of the discovery of DN…
Double Helix
are molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
Adenine, thymine, guanine,and cytosine.
noticed it looked like a twisted ladder.
is the twisted ladder structure of DNA.
Nitrogen Bases
are molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
DNA's Nitrogen Bases are:
Adenine, thymine, guanine,and cytosine.
23 terms
Cells and Heredity: Chapter 4
Multiple alleles
Sex-linked Genes
Sex-linked chromosome
Human traits are controlled by
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome, also the par…
A pair of Chromosomes carrying genes that determines whether…
1. Some by single genes with two alleles,... 2. Others by single…
Multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
Sex-linked Genes
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome, also the par…
Chapter 4: Cells and Heredity
gregor mendel
heredity
genetics
allele
father of genetics, studied pea plants
passing of genes from parents to offspring
study of heredity
various form of the same gene
gregor mendel
father of genetics, studied pea plants
heredity
passing of genes from parents to offspring
21 terms
Cells and heredity chapter 4
Gene
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Heredity
The unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a c…
A type of reproduction in which a cell containing genetic inf…
The physical structure in a cell that contains the cell's gen…
Is the passing of genes from parents to offspring
Gene
The unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a c…
Sexual reproduction
A type of reproduction in which a cell containing genetic inf…
39 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Nitrogen Bases
DNA's Nitrogen Bases are:
After 100 years of the discovery of DN…
Double Helix
are molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
Adenine, thymine, guanine,and cytosine.
noticed it looked like a twisted ladder.
is the twisted ladder structure of DNA.
Nitrogen Bases
are molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
DNA's Nitrogen Bases are:
Adenine, thymine, guanine,and cytosine.
11 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Nitrogen Bases
DNA Replication
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Molecules of nitrogen and other elements that make up the run…
Process in which an identical copy of a DNA strand is formed…
One-stranded set of sugar and nitrogen bases that copies the…
Carries the amino acids needed to the ribosome and adds them…
Nitrogen Bases
Molecules of nitrogen and other elements that make up the run…
DNA Replication
Process in which an identical copy of a DNA strand is formed…
14 terms
Cells and Heredity Ch4
Multiple Alleles
Sex Chromosomes
Sex-linked Gene
Carrier
A single gene with three or more alleles that code for a sing…
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, these determine whether a…
Alleles passed from parent to child on a sex chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
Multiple Alleles
A single gene with three or more alleles that code for a sing…
Sex Chromosomes
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, these determine whether a…
17 terms
8th Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
Sexual Reproduction
Gene
Heredity
Allele
A type of reproduction in which male and female reproductive…
The basic unit of heredity that consists of a segment of DNA…
The passing of genes from parents to offspring
An alternate form of a gene for a specific trait or gene prod…
Sexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction in which male and female reproductive…
Gene
The basic unit of heredity that consists of a segment of DNA…
18 terms
Science Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocabulary 8B
Multiple Alleles
Sex Chromosomes
Sex-Linked Gene
Carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
gene located on the X or Y sex chromosomes
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Sex Chromosomes
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
36 terms
chapter 4: cell division and heredity
mitosis
cell cycle
g1 phase
s phase
somatic (body) cell division
2 identical cells- from one original
growth and normal metabolic roles (cell cycle)
dna replication (cell cycle)
mitosis
somatic (body) cell division
cell cycle
2 identical cells- from one original
14 terms
Sappington Science Explorer Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
22 terms
Cells and heredity chapter 4+5
Sex chromosomes
Sex-linked genes
Carrier
Genetic Disorder
Determines offspring and gender; One of 23 pairs of chromosom…
Genes found in X and Y chromosomes
Has recessive allele for a trait and one dominant allele
Abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or ch…
Sex chromosomes
Determines offspring and gender; One of 23 pairs of chromosom…
Sex-linked genes
Genes found in X and Y chromosomes
14 terms
Science 8th Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
9 terms
Cells and Heredity: Chapter 4 Vocab
Meiosis
Nitrogen Bases
DNA Replication
Messenger RNA
The process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
The process by which an identical cop of a DNA strand is form…
Copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and carries the me…
Meiosis
The process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
Nitrogen Bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
8 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocab
Nitrogen Bases
DNA Replication
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Molecules that contain Nitrogen and other elements used in DN…
Before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
Type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino acid to th…
Nitrogen Bases
Molecules that contain Nitrogen and other elements used in DN…
DNA Replication
Before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
15 terms
Science Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
sex-linked gene
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
• Y chromosomes - because their alleles are passed from paren…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
9 terms
Chapter 4 - Cells and Heredity book
Nitrogen bases
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
A type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino acid to…
Nitrogen bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA replication
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
14 terms
Cells & Heredity - Chapter 4 - DNA
James Watson & Francis Crick
chromosomes
cancer
chemotherapy
the two scientists who discovered the structure of DNA
are made of DNA and proteins and are located in the cell's nu…
a disease in which cells grow and divide uncontrollably
the use of drugs to treat a disease
James Watson & Francis Crick
the two scientists who discovered the structure of DNA
chromosomes
are made of DNA and proteins and are located in the cell's nu…
25 terms
Science Chapter 4 - Parts of Cells and Heredity
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
everything between the cell membrane and the nucleus where ma…
a thin covering that holds the cell together and controls wha…
helps produce energy for the cell
Nucleus
the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
Cytoplasm
everything between the cell membrane and the nucleus where ma…
18 terms
Science Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocabulary 8B
Multiple Alleles
Sex Chromosomes
Sex-Linked Gene
Carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
gene located on the X or Y sex chromosomes
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Sex Chromosomes
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
25 terms
Science Chapter 4 - Parts of Cells and Heredity
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
everything between the cell membrane and the nucleus where ma…
a thin covering that holds the cell together and controls wha…
helps produce energy for the cell
Nucleus
the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
Cytoplasm
everything between the cell membrane and the nucleus where ma…
19 terms
Chapter 4 Cells, Heredity, and Classification
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
ribosome
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
in a nucleic acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar ,…
ribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living ce…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
Nucleotide
in a nucleic acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar ,…
18 terms
Cells and Heredity: Chapter 4 DNA The Code of Life
nitrogen bases
DNA replication
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
(also known as mRNA) type of RNA that carries copies of instr…
(also known as tRNA) type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carrie…
nitrogen bases
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA replication
before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
7 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Section 3
Selective Breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Clone
The process of selecting organisms with desired traits to be…
A selective breeding method in which two individuals with ide…
A selective breeding method in which two genetically differen…
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism for…
Selective Breeding
The process of selecting organisms with desired traits to be…
Inbreeding
A selective breeding method in which two individuals with ide…
17 terms
Cells and Heredity: Chapter 4 Study Guide
Multiple Alleles
At least three genes
Because a recessive allele on the X ch…
Identical Twins
Blood type is controlled by a gene with what?
Skin color is controlled by how many genes?
Why is it that sex-linked traits are more common in males?
No two people have the same DNA except for who?
Multiple Alleles
Blood type is controlled by a gene with what?
At least three genes
Skin color is controlled by how many genes?
15 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Cells and Heredity-Chapter 4
Multiple Alleles
Sex Chromosomes
Sex-Linked Gene
Carrier
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single gene
One of the 23 pair of chromosomes in each body cell
A gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
Someone who has the recessive allele for a certain trait but…
Multiple Alleles
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single gene
Sex Chromosomes
One of the 23 pair of chromosomes in each body cell
17 terms
Cells & Heredity: Chapter 4 Modern Genetics
multiple alleles
chromosome
human traits that have phenotypes by m…
effect of environment
human traits controlled by a single gene that has more than 2…
pair of 2 alleles for a single trait
height, skin color, hair color
can effect trait's effect;... such as diet
multiple alleles
human traits controlled by a single gene that has more than 2…
chromosome
pair of 2 alleles for a single trait
33 terms
Cells & Heredity - Chapter 4 (Lesson 2)
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
their functions
carries DNA's message (or code) from t…
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
Type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino acid to th…
What are the two kinds of RNA named for?
What does mRNA do?
messenger RNA
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
transfer RNA
Type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino acid to th…
14 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Test
Fill in The Blank: Cancer is a disease…
Fill in the Blank: Scientists think ca…
What is chemotherapy?
Fill in the Blank: The order of bases…
grow and divide uncontrollably
a mutation occurs in the DNA
the use of drugs to treat a disease
amino acids are put together to form a protein
Fill in The Blank: Cancer is a disease…
grow and divide uncontrollably
Fill in the Blank: Scientists think ca…
a mutation occurs in the DNA
18 terms
Cells and Heredity: Chapter 4 DNA The Code of Life
nitrogen bases
DNA replication
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
(also known as mRNA) type of RNA that carries copies of instr…
(also known as tRNA) type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carrie…
nitrogen bases
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA replication
before a cell divides, the process which DNA copies itself
38 terms
Cells & Heredity - Chapter 4 (Lesson 1)
nitrogen bases
DNA replication
replication
molecule
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
__________ means the process of making a replica, or copy, of…
In DNA replication, the DNA __________ makes a copy of itself
nitrogen bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA replication
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
9 terms
Interactive Science Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocab
meiosis
nitrogen bases
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
the process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
the process in which an identical copy of a DNA strand is for…
The RNA that copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and c…
meiosis
the process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
nitrogen bases
molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
34 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 3 & Chapter 4 Vocab
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
each different form of a characteristic
the scientific study of heredity
a new organism begins to form when egg and sperm join in the…
heredity
the passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
trait
each different form of a characteristic
26 terms
Cells & Heredity - Chapter 4 (Lesson 1 - Notes)
replication
molecule
DNA
ladder
__________ means the process of making a replica, or copy, of…
In DNA replication, the DNA __________ makes a copy of itself
__________ is too small to be seen, even under a microscope
The twisted __________ structure of DNA is also known as a "d…
replication
__________ means the process of making a replica, or copy, of…
molecule
In DNA replication, the DNA __________ makes a copy of itself
14 terms
Science Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocabulary 8B
Multiple Alleles
Sex Chromosomes
Sex-Linked Gene
Carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
on of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell, which ca…
gene located on the X or Y sex chromosomes
A person who has one recessive and one dominant allele for a…
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Sex Chromosomes
on of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell, which ca…
Cells and Heredity Chapter 4 Vocabulary Words
Sexual Reproduction
Gene
Heredity
Alleles
The offspring of a father and a mother cell .
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Different forms of a gene.
Sexual Reproduction
The offspring of a father and a mother cell .
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
18 terms
Cells and Heredity - Chapter 2 Cell Processes and Energy
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigment
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture…
An organism that makes its own food.
An organism that cannot make its own food.
A colored chemical compound that absorbs light.
photosynthesis
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food.
5 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 3, Lesson 3-4
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
polygenic inheritance
a situation in which one allele is not completely dominant ov…
a situation is which both alleles for a gene are expressed eq…
three or more possible alleles of a gene that determine a trait
the inheritance of traits that are controlled by two or more…
incomplete dominance
a situation in which one allele is not completely dominant ov…
codominance
a situation is which both alleles for a gene are expressed eq…
15 terms
Science Explorer Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
11 terms
Sappington Science Explorer Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
14 terms
Science 8th Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
17 terms
Science Study tips Cells and Heredity chapter 4
both
sex cells are made
two 1n gametes combine and form a 2n c…
twice
Traits are passed from _________ parents in sexual reproduction
What occurs in meiosis but not in mitosis?
What happens in sexual reproduction?
How many times do cells divide in mitosis
both
Traits are passed from _________ parents in sexual reproduction
sex cells are made
What occurs in meiosis but not in mitosis?
14 terms
Sappington Science Explorer Cells and Heredity Chapter 4
multiple alleles
sex chromosome
sex-linked
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosome
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
24 terms
Chapter 4 (Cell Division and Heredity ANP 130)
Chromatin
Chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
DNA and proteins. Present in non-dividing cells.
Chromatin condenses in prophase.
1/2 replicated chromosome. Before replication, chromosome (1…
Point of chromatid attachment.
Chromatin
DNA and proteins. Present in non-dividing cells.
Chromosome
Chromatin condenses in prophase.
7 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1, Lesson 4
selectively permeable
passive transport
diffusion
osmosis
some substances can cross the cell membrane and some cannot
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
selectively permeable
some substances can cross the cell membrane and some cannot
passive transport
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
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