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Study sets matching "cell chapter 4 structure function"

35 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and outsi…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
38 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure & Function
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plant Cell
1. Cell is basic unit of life... 2. All living things are made u…
Cells that lack a nucleus and organelles (except ribosomes);…
Cells that contain a nucleus and organelles; Domain Eukarya (…
Eukaryotic cells which contains a cell wall, chloroplast, lar…
Cell Theory
1. Cell is basic unit of life... 2. All living things are made u…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack a nucleus and organelles (except ribosomes);…
35 terms
Chapter 4: Cell structure and function
Cell Theory
Surface-area-to-volume-ratio
Prokaryotic cells lack:
2 domains of prokaryotic cells:
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
requires that cells be small... Small cells- advantageous for ex…
membrane bound nucleous
-Bacteria - causes diseases but are also environmentally impo…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Surface-area-to-volume-ratio
requires that cells be small... Small cells- advantageous for ex…
112 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure & Function
Controls what enters or leaves cell
chromatin
prokaryotes
vacuole
What is the function of the cell membrane?
When DNA is spread out in the nucleus of a cell of non-dividi…
Bacteria are prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
This storage space... is a ___________.
Controls what enters or leaves cell
What is the function of the cell membrane?
chromatin
When DNA is spread out in the nucleus of a cell of non-dividi…
Chapter 4-Cell Structure and Function
Thylakoid
Cell
Tissue
Cytosol
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Basic unit of life
Group of cells that carry out a specific function
Fluid portion of cytoplasm
Thylakoid
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Cell
Basic unit of life
33 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane; the cell's outer membrane.
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
47 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory
surface-area-to-volume ratio
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cell
1. all organisms are composed of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
surface area to volume is a big deal to get sufficient exchan…
lack a membrane-enclosed nucleus
has a nucleus
Cell theory
1. all organisms are composed of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
surface-area-to-volume ratio
surface area to volume is a big deal to get sufficient exchan…
22 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
History of microscope
Cell theory
Microscope techniques
Surface area to volume ratio
1600: Leeuwenhoek used several magnifying glasses to develop…
1. all living things are composed of cells ... 2. cells are the…
Depth of view: the vertical distance or thickness that is in…
constraints due to this ratio limit the possible size of cell…
History of microscope
1600: Leeuwenhoek used several magnifying glasses to develop…
Cell theory
1. all living things are composed of cells ... 2. cells are the…
39 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane; the cell's outer membrane.
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
18 terms
Cell Structure and Function- Chapter 4
Cell
Chloroplast
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Endosymbiosis
The basic unit of structure and function for all living organ…
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
An organelle, containing folded membranes and sacs, responsib…
A theorized process in which early eukaryotic cells were form…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function for all living organ…
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant cells and the cells of other euka…
70 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
Anton von Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)
Robert Hooke (1635-1703)
basic unit of structure and function of all living organisms…
basic cell parts
1. studied pond water using simple microscope... 2. observed cel…
1. viewed cork using a microscopic... 2. used the term "cell" -…
Cell
basic unit of structure and function of all living organisms…
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
basic cell parts
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Rudolf Virchow
Cell Theory
(1838) German botanist who concluded that cells and substance…
(1839) Schleiden's friend and collaborator who drew similar c…
German physician who completed the idea of cell theory in 1855.
Fundamental concept of biology that concludes that all cells…
Matthias Schleiden
(1838) German botanist who concluded that cells and substance…
Theodor Schwann
(1839) Schleiden's friend and collaborator who drew similar c…
33 terms
Chapter 4- Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Surface-area-to-volume ratio
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Ratio of a cell's outside area to its internal volume; this r…
Lack a membrane bound nucleus
Posses a true nucleus
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Surface-area-to-volume ratio
Ratio of a cell's outside area to its internal volume; this r…
20 terms
Cell Structure and Function (chapter 4)
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plants, fungi, bacteria, and some…
stores and protects DNA in a eukaryote (controls cell activity)
controls what enters and exits the cell; made of a phospholip…
synthesizes proteins
cell wall
protection and support for plants, fungi, bacteria, and some…
nucleus
stores and protects DNA in a eukaryote (controls cell activity)
33 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane; the cell's outer membrane.
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
54 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Structure and Function
Thylakoid
Cell
Cytosol
Chlorophyll
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Basic unit of life
Fluid portion of cytoplasm
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
Thylakoid
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Cell
Basic unit of life
37 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Schleiden & Schwann
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Robert Hooke was a scientist and philosopher who was the firs…
Helped to develop the Cell Theory.
Concluded that all plants are made of cells and the nucleus m…
Concluded that all animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke was a scientist and philosopher who was the firs…
Schleiden & Schwann
Helped to develop the Cell Theory.
17 terms
Chapter 4: Cell structure and function
capsule
cell wall
chloroplast
cytoplasm
...
...
...
...
capsule
...
cell wall
...
20 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
Cell Shape and Function
discovered cells in cork
observed first living cells
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2.…
cells have a shape that allows the cell to perform its functi…
Robert Hooke
discovered cells in cork
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
observed first living cells
31 terms
Chapter 4 cell structure and function
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
the smallest unit that can carry on all of the process of life
1) all living things are composed of one or more cells ... 2) ce…
Viewed a slice of cork from an oak tree and noticed "a great…
1st person to observe live cells
cell
the smallest unit that can carry on all of the process of life
cell theory
1) all living things are composed of one or more cells ... 2) ce…
176 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
cells
cells are made from chemical elements…
All living things are made of one or m…
cytology:
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
the study of cells
cells
the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
cells are made from chemical elements…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
46 terms
Chapter 4: The Cell (Structure and Function)
Cell Theory
Microscopic
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
1) All living organisms consist of one or more cells... 2) Cells…
What is the size of a cell?
All cells have a membrane called a...
All cells are filled with a fluid called
Cell Theory
1) All living organisms consist of one or more cells... 2) Cells…
Microscopic
What is the size of a cell?
66 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
he thinnest filaments of the cytoskeleton, a structure found…
of, relating to, or denoting the eon that constitutes the ear…
a disease-causing bacterium.
an organelle that forms the base of a flagellum or cilium.
actin filament
he thinnest filaments of the cytoskeleton, a structure found…
archaean
of, relating to, or denoting the eon that constitutes the ear…
52 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
Archaea
Bacteria
Basal Body
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes that are members of the domain Archaea, one of th…
Prokaryotes that are members of the domain Bacteria, one of t…
A structure derived from a centriole that produces a cilium o…
The scientific theory stating that every living organism is m…
Archaea
Prokaryotes that are members of the domain Archaea, one of th…
Bacteria
Prokaryotes that are members of the domain Bacteria, one of t…
39 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Structure and Function
Thylakoid
Cell
Tissue
Cytosol
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Basic unit of life
Group of cells that carry out a specific function
Fluid portion of cytoplasm
Thylakoid
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Cell
Basic unit of life
47 terms
Chapter 4- Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Cytology
Galileo
Antone von Leeuwenhoek
the smallest living, functional units in living organisms
the study of cells
17th century astronomer
discovered protozoa (bacteria)
Cells
the smallest living, functional units in living organisms
Cytology
the study of cells
114 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
________________ is the study of cells.
The _light microscope____ was invented…
___________________ named and describe…
In the 1839, two German scientists, Sc…
Cytology
Antony... van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
cell theory
________________ is the study of cells.
Cytology
The _light microscope____ was invented…
Antony... van Leeuwenhoek
18 terms
chapter 4- cell structure & function
Cell membrane
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Semipermeable membrane that controls what comes into and out…
smallest unit that retains all (8) properties of life
localized to nucleoid, no cell organelles, small size, no nuc…
found in nucleus, has cell organelles, large size, nucleus
Cell membrane
Semipermeable membrane that controls what comes into and out…
Cell
smallest unit that retains all (8) properties of life
39 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Structure and Function
Thylakoid
Cell
Tissue
Cytosol
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Basic unit of life
Group of cells that carry out a specific function
Fluid portion of cytoplasm
Thylakoid
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
Cell
Basic unit of life
21 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell theory
Cell wall
Vacuole
A basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all kn…
1) Cells are the smallest structural and functional unit of o…
It maintains the shape of the cell and protects it. It is a s…
Membrane-bounded sac, larger than a vesicle; usually function…
Cell
A basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all kn…
Cell theory
1) Cells are the smallest structural and functional unit of o…
34 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Nucleoid
the smallest unit with the properties of life: a capacity for…
defines the cell as a distinct entity and separates metabolic…
a membrane-bound, internal sac that houses DNA in eukaryotic…
a region of the cytoplasm that is not enclosed in a membranou…
Cell
the smallest unit with the properties of life: a capacity for…
Plasma membrane
defines the cell as a distinct entity and separates metabolic…
53 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure & Function
Cell Theory
What is a cell?
Somatic Cells
Germ Cells
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. every living organ…
basic unit of life/ exhibits all characteristics of life
all body cells
reproductive cells
Cell Theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. every living organ…
What is a cell?
basic unit of life/ exhibits all characteristics of life
66 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
E. coli
cell structure
plasma membrane
phospholipids
-one of the most common intestinal bacteria of warm-blooded a…
ALL CELLS have a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and a region of…
-a cell's outermost membrane... -selectively permeable... -controls…
most abundant type of liquid in cell membranes
E. coli
-one of the most common intestinal bacteria of warm-blooded a…
cell structure
ALL CELLS have a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and a region of…
119 terms
Chapter 4--Cell Structure and Function
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
cell
Diabetes, Prostate Cancer, Melanomas
The Cell Theory
inventer of 1st microscope
smallest unit of living matter, the basic units of life on ea…
Diseases that come from malfunctioning cells
All organisms are composed of cells... Cells are the basic units…
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
inventer of 1st microscope
cell
smallest unit of living matter, the basic units of life on ea…
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cell
Surface-Area-to-Volume Ratio
Compound Light Microscopes (Optical Mi…
A theory made by Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann that…
A beginning of where life starts, and it only comes from pree…
Requires cells to be small. With the cell being small, materi…
A microscope that uses light rays from the "illuminator" and…
Cell Theory
A theory made by Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann that…
Cell
A beginning of where life starts, and it only comes from pree…
66 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
The theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the ins…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
Cell Theory
The theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
A thin flexible barrier around the cell made up of Phospho li…
a strong supporting layer around the cell membrane and its ma…
thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the ce…
Cell Membrane
A thin flexible barrier around the cell made up of Phospho li…
Cell Wall
a strong supporting layer around the cell membrane and its ma…
58 terms
Chapter 4 cell structure and function
Cell Envelope
Cytoplasm?
Appendages
Plasma Membrane
Covers the cell
inside of the cell
emanating from the cell
phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins
Cell Envelope
Covers the cell
Cytoplasm?
inside of the cell
68 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
What is an organism made up of?
What is cell theory?
Why are cells so small?
What do all cells start out life with?
one or more cells
the cell is the smallest and basic unit of life
Want to maximize surface area while decreasing volume... -allows…
plasma membrane... nucleus/nucleoid... cytoplasm w/ ribosomes
What is an organism made up of?
one or more cells
What is cell theory?
the cell is the smallest and basic unit of life
23 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure/Function
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Proteins
Sterols
The cell's outer boundary. Controls what moves in and out of…
1. Consists of: Polar hydrophilic head and two non polar hydr…
Two Types: 1.Integral-embedded in... 2.Peripheral-one side only
1.Keeps cells from being too liquid or freezing.... 2. Also know…
Plasma Membrane
The cell's outer boundary. Controls what moves in and out of…
Phospholipid Bilayer
1. Consists of: Polar hydrophilic head and two non polar hydr…
30 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
microscope magnification
SA/V ratio and cell size
eukaryote
prokaryote
multiply the objective lens being used by 10 to get total mag…
If the size of the cell is related to the rate of diffusion,…
has a nucleus, has membrane-bound organelles
no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, most are 1 um in si…
microscope magnification
multiply the objective lens being used by 10 to get total mag…
SA/V ratio and cell size
If the size of the cell is related to the rate of diffusion,…
75 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Chapter 4)
plasma membrane
hydrophilic head
hydrophobic tail
nucleus
a phospholipid bilayer that surrounds a cell and serves as a…
This part of the phospholipid molecule is composed of a phosp…
Fatty acid part of the phospholipid molecule that repels water.
control center of the cell; contains DNA; directs protein syn…
plasma membrane
a phospholipid bilayer that surrounds a cell and serves as a…
hydrophilic head
This part of the phospholipid molecule is composed of a phosp…
27 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Structure and Function Vocab
Cell
Cell Theory
Ribosome
Prokaryote
Basic unit of life
1. All living things are made of cell.... 2. Cells are the basic…
Structure responsible for protein synthesis
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cell.... 2. Cells are the basic…
37 terms
Cell Structure & Function Chapter 4
Cells
Cell Wall
Central vacuole
Centrioles
Smallest units that retain the properties of life. All living…
Stiff outermost layer of plant and fungal cells that protects…
Fluid-filled sac (single membrane) in the cytoplasm; mainly i…
Barrel-shaped structures made of microtubules to synthesize a…
Cells
Smallest units that retain the properties of life. All living…
Cell Wall
Stiff outermost layer of plant and fungal cells that protects…
94 terms
chapter 4 cell structure and function
all living things are composed of cell…
Robert hook
size
egg cell
cell theory (3 parts)
named the cell
cell function limits___
largest cell
all living things are composed of cell…
cell theory (3 parts)
Robert hook
named the cell
25 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Looked a DEAD cork cells, saw boxes from monks that reminded…
First to look at living algae cells, discovered light microsc…
First to conclude that all plants are made of cells
First to conclude animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
Looked a DEAD cork cells, saw boxes from monks that reminded…
Leeuwenhoek
First to look at living algae cells, discovered light microsc…
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Creators of Cell Theory
Surface-Area-To-Volume Ratio
Bacteria and Archaea
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. All cells come only…
1. German botanist Matthis Schleiden (1804-1881)... 2. German zo…
Ratio that requires that cells be small
Taxonomic domains of prokaryotic cells
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. All cells come only…
Creators of Cell Theory
1. German botanist Matthis Schleiden (1804-1881)... 2. German zo…
60 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cell
The smallest unit of living matter
States that all organisms are composed of cells and that cell…
Lack a membrane-bounded nucleus
Has a nucleus
Cell
The smallest unit of living matter
Cell Theory
States that all organisms are composed of cells and that cell…
32 terms
Chapter 4: "Cell Structure and Function"
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can carry on all of the process of life
it has three essential parts, "All living organisms are compo…
cell's outer boundary or cell membrane
all of the organelles except the nucleus
cell
the smallest unit that can carry on all of the process of life
cell theory
it has three essential parts, "All living organisms are compo…
43 terms
Chapter 4- CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Cells
microvilli
Cell Theory (or Cell Doctrine)
All cells have:
-cells are not all the same size... -most cells are tiny... -the vo…
increase its surface area
-All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... -Cell…
DNA... RNA... Ribosomes... Proteins... Cytoplasm... Plasma Membrane
Cells
-cells are not all the same size... -most cells are tiny... -the vo…
microvilli
increase its surface area
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