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Study sets matching "cell chapter 6 structure function science"

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Study sets matching "cell chapter 6 structure function science"

40 terms
Chapter 6- Cell Structure and Function
four things all cells have
3 statements in cell theory
eukaryotes evolved for_______
prokaryotes evolved for _________
cytoplasm, DNA, cell membrane, ribosomes
1. all things are made of cells 2. all cells come form existi…
complexity
efficiency
four things all cells have
cytoplasm, DNA, cell membrane, ribosomes
3 statements in cell theory
1. all things are made of cells 2. all cells come form existi…
10 terms
Chapter 6 - Cell Structure and Function
Why are cells usually smaller than 100…
Three types of vacuoles
The composition of cell walls (3 types)
Why do all cells have a membrane?
Having a small size makes their surface area much larger rela…
central vacuole - helps maintain plants' shape and structure…
1. cellulose... 2. polysaccharides... 3. protein (ie pectin)
serves as a selective barrier against potentially harmful sub…
Why are cells usually smaller than 100…
Having a small size makes their surface area much larger rela…
Three types of vacuoles
central vacuole - helps maintain plants' shape and structure…
48 terms
Cell structure and Function Chapter 6
cell theory
cell
why are cells so small?
prokaryotes
1.every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
smallest unit of life... can survive on own... highly organized for…
surface-to-volume ratio... above a certain size, material can't…
no nucleus... no membrane bound organelles (1 organelle-ribosome…
cell theory
1.every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
cell
smallest unit of life... can survive on own... highly organized for…
45 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Prokaryote
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Semifluid substance within the membrane
Composed of cytosol AND organelles
(bacteria) NO nuclear membrane... NO membrane bound organelles... D…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Cytosol
Semifluid substance within the membrane
80 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure and Function
Light Microscope (LM)
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
a measure of the clarity of the image... the minimum distance tw…
the difference in brightness between the light and dark areas…
Light Microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through the specimen and then through…
Magnification
the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
19 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure & Function
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Prokaryotic cells
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) Cells are the b…
One cell. Ex: amoeba, bacteria
Many cells. Ex: worms, plants, humans
- No nucleus or organelles... - Bacteria and Archaea only!... - Pro…
Cell Theory
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) Cells are the b…
Unicellular
One cell. Ex: amoeba, bacteria
25 terms
chapter 6: cell structure and function
light microscopes
electron microscopes (EM)
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
magnify up to 1000x actual
-scanning electron microscopes (SEMS) ... --view the surface of…
Domains: bacteria and archea ... They are SMALLER, have NO NUCLE…
domains: animals, plants, fungi, protist... They are BIGGER, MOR…
light microscopes
magnify up to 1000x actual
electron microscopes (EM)
-scanning electron microscopes (SEMS) ... --view the surface of…
12 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
As cell size __________, surface area-…
Eukaryotic cells
Compoments of eukaryotes... (See flowchar…
The basic unit of structure and function of organisms.... Note:…
Increases, Decreases.... The opposite is also true.... More surfa…
These exist in protists, fungi, plants, and animals.
Cell wall,... Plasma membrane,... Cytoplasm,... Nucleus,... Ribosomes,... Sm…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function of organisms.... Note:…
As cell size __________, surface area-…
Increases, Decreases.... The opposite is also true.... More surfa…
126 terms
chapter 6 cell structure and function
the human egg
most bacteria, mitochondria, nucleus
the smallest bacteria, some viruses, a…
basic features of a cell
the bottom limit of what can be seen by the naked eye
the bottom limit of what can be seen with most light microsco…
can be seen by a super-resolution microscope
plasma membrane, cytosol, chromosomes, and ribosomes
the human egg
the bottom limit of what can be seen by the naked eye
most bacteria, mitochondria, nucleus
the bottom limit of what can be seen with most light microsco…
51 terms
chapter 6 cell structure and function
What is the cell theory?
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
-all living things are made up of one or more cells... -all cell…
encloses all cells, regulates material flow
fluid interior where cells metabolic reactions occur... contains…
fluid portion of cytoplasm, contains salts, water and organic…
What is the cell theory?
-all living things are made up of one or more cells... -all cell…
plasma membrane
encloses all cells, regulates material flow
15 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory
Plasma membrane
Nuclear envelope
Ribosomes
all living things are made of cells... cells are the basic unit…
phospholipid bilayer... selectively permeable (due to phobic tai…
contains genes in eukaryotes and is surronded by double membr…
synthesize proteins and are made of proteins and RNA
Cell theory
all living things are made of cells... cells are the basic unit…
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer... selectively permeable (due to phobic tai…
48 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure & Function
Cell
Desmosome
Tight junction
Gap junction
Smallest unit of life
"Spot welding"; a strong connection between two cells that un…
Prevents leakage of material between two cells (intestinal ce…
Help cells communicate with each other; found in cardiac muscle
Cell
Smallest unit of life
Desmosome
"Spot welding"; a strong connection between two cells that un…
46 terms
Chapter 6 : Cell Structure and Function
List 3 features that all living cells…
What limits the size of a cell?
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Membrane Proteins
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
The surface area to volume ratio
Stable boundary between two aqueous compartments
Penetrates the hydrophobic interior of a lipid bilayer
List 3 features that all living cells…
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
What limits the size of a cell?
The surface area to volume ratio
46 terms
Chapter 6 : Cell Structure and Function
List 3 features that all living cells…
What limits the size of a cell?
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Membrane Proteins
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
The surface area to volume ratio
Stable boundary between two aqueous compartments
Penetrates the hydrophobic interior of a lipid bilayer
List 3 features that all living cells…
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
What limits the size of a cell?
The surface area to volume ratio
8 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure and Function
All cells are very small.
In respiration, glucose is broken down.
Light energy, water, and carbon dioxid…
Only animals undergo respiration.
True
True
True
False
All cells are very small.
True
In respiration, glucose is broken down.
True
25 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Organelle Structure and function
cell theory
organelle
plasma membrane
nucleus
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
in a cell, the part that houses the cell's genetic material i…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
organelle
part of a cell with a specific function
36 terms
Chapter 6- Cell Structure & Function
What are the three components of the c…
What are the 3 main part of a cell?
What the two types of cells?
Describe a prokaryotic cell:
1) every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2) a cell…
-plasma membrane... -cytoplasm... -nucleus
-prokaryote... -eukaryot
-no nucleus... -no membrane bound organelles... -unicellular... -small…
What are the three components of the c…
1) every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2) a cell…
What are the 3 main part of a cell?
-plasma membrane... -cytoplasm... -nucleus
29 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure/Function
Microscopy
Light Miscroscope
Transmission Electron Miscroscope
Scanning Electron Miscroscope
Provides enlargement andresolution
Enlargement is provided by an objective lense and ocular lens…
Illumination is provided by an electron bean... Lenses are elect…
Electrons do not pass through the specimen ... Can see the struc…
Microscopy
Provides enlargement andresolution
Light Miscroscope
Enlargement is provided by an objective lense and ocular lens…
71 terms
Chapter 6: The Cell and 7: Membrane Structure and Function
Magnification
Resolution
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
measure of image clarity
visible light passes through specimen and glass lenses, lower…
focuses on a beam of electrons through a specimen onto its su…
Magnification
ratio of an object's image size to its real size
Resolution
measure of image clarity
141 terms
Chapter 6 Structure and Function
hyaline, elastic and fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
three types of cartilage
The most abundant cartilage in body. It looks like frosted gl…
cartilage located on the pinna of the ear and the epiglottis
cartilage located in places of compression (vertebra and knee…
hyaline, elastic and fibrocartilage
three types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage
The most abundant cartilage in body. It looks like frosted gl…
24 terms
Cell Structures and Functions! Chapter 6
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondria
Phospholipid bilayer, semi-permiable, provides structure and…
Double membrane, contains DNA in chromosomes
A complex of vesicles and stacks of flattened membranes (cist…
Double phospholipid bilayer with inner membrane, intermembran…
Cell membrane
Phospholipid bilayer, semi-permiable, provides structure and…
Nucleus
Double membrane, contains DNA in chromosomes
33 terms
Science 7 Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Unicellular
multicellular
tissue
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Made of a single cell
Consisting of many cells
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Cell Theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Unicellular
Made of a single cell
64 terms
Biology 1020 Chapter 6 Cell structure and Functions
Cell size is limited due to what
What are the two basic cell types
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
surface area to volume ratio
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Archaea or Bacteria ... Nucleoid... most are unicellular ... many don'…
Everything besides Archaea or Bacteria ... Nucleus ... Most are mul…
Cell size is limited due to what
surface area to volume ratio
What are the two basic cell types
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
14 terms
chapter 6 cell structures/functions
cell membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm (cytosol)
nucleus
controls passage of materials into/out of cells, semi fluid c…
supports/protects cell, provides rigidy of plant cells, allow…
contains enzymes that catalase cellular reactions,, semi-flui…
control center of cell, contains most of the cell's genetic i…
cell membrane
controls passage of materials into/out of cells, semi fluid c…
cell wall
supports/protects cell, provides rigidy of plant cells, allow…
56 terms
BIO CHAPTER 6: CELL STRUCTURES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
cell theory
cell size
robert hooke
Robert Brown
1. cells or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
10-20 um in diameter... smaller the size, faster the RATE of dif…
examined thin slices of cork... -seemed to be composed of many l…
saw a dense object in many cells in 1831- named it the nucleus
cell theory
1. cells or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
cell size
10-20 um in diameter... smaller the size, faster the RATE of dif…
71 terms
Chapter 6 Biology: Cell Structure and Functions
Cell Fractionation
Prokaryotic Cells:
Eukaryotic Cells:
Cytoplasm:
The process of taking cells apart and separates major organel…
-DNA is concentrated in a region that is not membrane-enclose…
-DNA is in an organelle called the nucleus, which is bounded…
The interior of the cell.
Cell Fractionation
The process of taking cells apart and separates major organel…
Prokaryotic Cells:
-DNA is concentrated in a region that is not membrane-enclose…
31 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structures and their Functions
cell theory
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
nucleoid
the theorems that organisms are composed of cells and their p…
an organism whose cells do not have membrane- enclosed nuclei…
an organism whose cells have a membrane enclosed nucleus and…
a region in a prokaryotic cell consisting of a concentrated m…
cell theory
the theorems that organisms are composed of cells and their p…
prokaryotes
an organism whose cells do not have membrane- enclosed nuclei…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Cell Structure/ Function
Cell theory
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Theodor Schwann
all cells from preexisting cells, and cell, or products of ce…
named cells, looked at cork = empty monk rooms/ honeycomb, li…
named nucleus
animals made of cells too, (swan)
Cell theory
all cells from preexisting cells, and cell, or products of ce…
Robert Hooke
named cells, looked at cork = empty monk rooms/ honeycomb, li…
38 terms
Bio: Chapter 6 Cell Structure and Function
Microscopy
Light Microscope
Transmission electron microscope (TEM)
Scanning electron microscope (SEM)
Provides enlargement and resolution
Enlargement provided by objective lens & ocular glass lenses.…
Illumination provided by Electron beam - much shorter wavelen…
Electrons do not pass through specimen. • Lower resolution th…
Microscopy
Provides enlargement and resolution
Light Microscope
Enlargement provided by objective lens & ocular glass lenses.…
25 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Organelle Structure and function
cell theory
organelle
plasma membrane
nucleus
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
in a cell, the part that houses the cell's genetic material i…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
organelle
part of a cell with a specific function
12 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structures/Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Envelope
Cell Membrane
DNA genetic material on chromosomes
Production ribosomes
Double membrane
-Plasma membrane... -Selectively permeable barrier (can change m…
Nucleus
DNA genetic material on chromosomes
Nucleolus
Production ribosomes
67 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Membranes - Structure and Function
Cell Membrane Functions
Components of Cell Membrane
Proteins
Membrane Lipids
1. Provides shape to the cell... 2. Regulates exchange (semiperm…
Major constituents include lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates
Glycoproteins and lipid anchored proteins
Phospholipids, glycolipids and cholesterol
Cell Membrane Functions
1. Provides shape to the cell... 2. Regulates exchange (semiperm…
Components of Cell Membrane
Major constituents include lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates
14 terms
chapter 6 cell structures functions (pictures/diagrams)
cell membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell membrane
cell wall
16 terms
Chapter 6- The Cell- Structure and Function of Organelles
Structure of Nucleus
Function of Nucleus
Structure of Ribosomes
Function of Ribosomes
Nuclear Envelope... -Double membrane... -Pore structure... -Nuclear…
Carry genetic information... Site of rRNA synthesis... Site of ribo…
2 subunits... -Large... -Small... rRNA and Proteins
Produces proteins in two cytoplasmic locales... Bounded to the…
Structure of Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope... -Double membrane... -Pore structure... -Nuclear…
Function of Nucleus
Carry genetic information... Site of rRNA synthesis... Site of ribo…
33 terms
Chapter 6: Cell membrane structure and function
Cell membrane provides...
Components of cell membrane
what happens as a result of lipids bei…
single tailed ____ lipids form ____
1) shape... 2) regulation of exchange (semipermeability)... 3) cell…
lipids (phospholipids, glycolipids, cholesterol), proteins (g…
aggregation of lipids in aqueous solution to form micelles an…
conical; micelles
Cell membrane provides...
1) shape... 2) regulation of exchange (semipermeability)... 3) cell…
Components of cell membrane
lipids (phospholipids, glycolipids, cholesterol), proteins (g…
65 terms
BIO CHAPTER 6: CELL STRUCTURES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
cell theory
cell size
robert hooke
Robert Brown
1. cells or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
10-20 um in diameter... smaller the size, faster the RATE of dif…
examined thin slices of cork... -seemed to be composed of many l…
saw a dense object in many cells in 1831- named it the nucleus
cell theory
1. cells or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
cell size
10-20 um in diameter... smaller the size, faster the RATE of dif…
11 terms
Chapter 6 - Cell Structure and Function (Cytoskeleton)
Motor proteins
Microtubules
Centrosome
Centriole
A protein that interacts with cytoskeletal elements and other…
Hollow rods that make up centrioles
A region that is often located near the nucleus and is consid…
Each are composed of nine sets of triplet microtubules arrang…
Motor proteins
A protein that interacts with cytoskeletal elements and other…
Microtubules
Hollow rods that make up centrioles
7 terms
Science 7 chapter 2 cell structure and function
fermentation
exocytosis
endocytosis
respiration
reaction that a Eukaroyotic & prokaryotic cells can use to ob…
a cell's vesicles release their contents OUTSIDE the cell
a cell takes IN a substance by surrounding it with the cell m…
metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells
fermentation
reaction that a Eukaroyotic & prokaryotic cells can use to ob…
exocytosis
a cell's vesicles release their contents OUTSIDE the cell
34 terms
Life Science Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory,
prokaryote
organelle
The basic unit of structure and function of living things.
All organisms are composed of one or more cells. The cell is…
Unicellular organisms that do not have membrane bound organel…
The small specialized structures in cells.
cell
The basic unit of structure and function of living things.
cell theory,
All organisms are composed of one or more cells. The cell is…
13 terms
AP Bio Chapter 6 cell structure functions
Nucleus
cell membrane/plasma membrane
cell wall
nuclear membrane (envelope)
contains DNA on chromosomes
selectively permeable barrier
plants... prevents cell bursting
double membrane
Nucleus
contains DNA on chromosomes
cell membrane/plasma membrane
selectively permeable barrier
6 terms
Chapter 6: Understanding Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Wall
Is the smallest unit of biological organization that can unde…
...
...
In plant cell, a cellulose envelope that provides protection…
Cell
Is the smallest unit of biological organization that can unde…
Prokaryotic Cells
...
17 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structures and Their Functions
What is the Cell Theory?
What are the millimeter conversions?
What are the micron conversions?
Light Microscopy
- Cells, or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
1mm = 1,000 um and 1mm = 1/1,000 m or 1x10^ -3m
1um= 1,000 nm and 1um=1/1,000,000m or 1 x 10 ^ -6m
...
What is the Cell Theory?
- Cells, or products made by cells, are the units of structur…
What are the millimeter conversions?
1mm = 1,000 um and 1mm = 1/1,000 m or 1x10^ -3m
32 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structures and the Functions Vocab
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleoid
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
A microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organell…
An irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Prokaryotes
A microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Chapter 6: Cell Structure and Function pg. 1
What is the cell theory?
What is the study of cells
Explain the electron microscope
Explain the transmission electron micr…
Basic unit of all structure and function; cells are derived f…
Cytology --- LM can see nucleus/chromosomes in dividing cells…
-electromagnetics focus on beam of electrons... -better resoluti…
-Thin sections of specimen are stained with heavy metals for…
What is the cell theory?
Basic unit of all structure and function; cells are derived f…
What is the study of cells
Cytology --- LM can see nucleus/chromosomes in dividing cells…
16 terms
Science - Cell structure and Function
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
controls substances that move into and out of cells
provides energy with cellular respiration
Nucleus
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
Cell Wall
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
36 terms
Biology 112 Chapter 6: Cell structure and function
Light micoscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Mitcochondrion
enlargement provided by objective lens and ocular glass lenses
specimen has to be dead, very high resolution
Better but nit as good as electric, specimen can be alive, 3D…
'power house' ... make energy
Light micoscope
enlargement provided by objective lens and ocular glass lenses
Transmission Electron Microscope
specimen has to be dead, very high resolution
42 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Chapter 6) Part 1
Robert Hooke
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
The Cell Theory
electron microscopes
Coined the term "cell" in 1667 while observing thin sections…
Invented the first light microscope in the late 1600s... view…
all organisms are comprised of cells, the basic unit of life…
named is the early 1900's; can see small cells and cell struc…
Robert Hooke
Coined the term "cell" in 1667 while observing thin sections…
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Invented the first light microscope in the late 1600s... view…
28 terms
Unit 6 - Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
1. All living things are made up of one or more cells. ... 2. Ce…
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; protects and supports c…
Fluid-filled region inside a cell; contains organelles, not i…
Site of protein synthesis in a cell
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made up of one or more cells. ... 2. Ce…
Cell Membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; protects and supports c…
32 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structures and Their Functions
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleoid
the theory that organisms are composed of cells and their pro…
an organism whose cells do not have membrane-enclosed nuclei…
an organism whose cells have a membrane-enclosed nucleus and…
a region in a prokaryotic cell consisting of a concentrated m…
Cell Theory
the theory that organisms are composed of cells and their pro…
Prokaryotes
an organism whose cells do not have membrane-enclosed nuclei…
69 terms
Exam 2- Cell Structure and Function- Chapter 6
Light Microscope (LM)
Three important parameters in microsco…
Magnificaiton
Resolution
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
magnification... resolution ... contrast
is the ratio of an object's image size to its real size
measure of the clarity of the image; it is the minimum distan…
Light Microscope (LM)
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Three important parameters in microsco…
magnification... resolution ... contrast
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