Study sets matching "cell cycle biology mitosis"

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Study sets matching "cell cycle biology mitosis"

19 terms
BIology: Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
cell cycle
Three parts of the cell theory
interphase
G1 Phase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated. It is the…
growth : stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs…
cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Three parts of the cell theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
15 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle Mitosis
Why Cells Divide
Genetic Material (genes) and their loc…
Homologous Chromosomes... -Diploid number…
The Cell Cycle... -What does it do?
Organisms would only exist as single cells.... Old and damaged…
Genes are the basic unit of inheritance, and are responsible…
The number of chromosomes in somatic* cells is called the dip…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Asexual reproduction
Why Cells Divide
Organisms would only exist as single cells.... Old and damaged…
Genetic Material (genes) and their loc…
Genes are the basic unit of inheritance, and are responsible…
20 terms
Biology Mitosis + Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
How cells grow, prepare for division, and divide into 2 daugh…
First stage of the cell cycle, the growth stage, made of 3 pa…
Cell growth, new organelles, and synthesis of proteins
Chromosomes are replicated
Cell Cycle
How cells grow, prepare for division, and divide into 2 daugh…
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, the growth stage, made of 3 pa…
biology cell cycle/ mitosis
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
what might a cell want to do to increa…
the relationship between surface area…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
surface area, volume
divide into 2
divide instead of continue to grow
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
surface area, volume
30 terms
Biology the Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1
S
A series of events the cell goes through as it grows and divi…
Cells spend most time in this phase ... This is the time between…
step of interphase where growth and routine functions occur
step of interphase where DNA replication occurs
Cell Cycle
A series of events the cell goes through as it grows and divi…
Interphase
Cells spend most time in this phase ... This is the time between…
36 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
Biology Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
Somatic
How many chromosomes to Somatic cells…
Gametes
How many chromosomes do Sex Cells have?
Body Cells
46
Sex Cells
23
Somatic
Body Cells
How many chromosomes to Somatic cells…
46
34 terms
Biology: cell cycle and mitosis
what are the two main reasons a cell m…
what is the cell cycle?
what is interphase?
what is mitosis?
DNA limits cell size, if the surface area to volume ratio is…
series of events that a cell goes to as it replicates
where the chromatin replicates and the cell grows: "in betwee…
cell division
what are the two main reasons a cell m…
DNA limits cell size, if the surface area to volume ratio is…
what is the cell cycle?
series of events that a cell goes to as it replicates
17 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle & Mitosis
cell cycle
phases of the cell cycle
interphase
duration of interphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
longest phases of the cell cycle; in this phase, the cell inc…
12-24 hours in mammal tissue
cell cycle
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
phases of the cell cycle
interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
10 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle (mitosis)
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Chromosome
Life of a cell from birth to death
Part of the cell cycle where normal cell functions are carrie…
Part of the cycle where the cell divides; one cell become two…
Holds thousands of genes, made of two chromatids held by one…
Cell cycle
Life of a cell from birth to death
Interphase
Part of the cell cycle where normal cell functions are carrie…
40 terms
biology cell cycle/ mitosis
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
what might a cell want to do to increa…
the relationship between surface area…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
surface area, volume
divide into 2
divide instead of continue to grow
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
surface area, volume
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Centrioles
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Move to the poles of the cell and create the mitotic spindle
When the cell divides into two independent daughter cells
The cell grows in size and doubles its content by copying its…
First stage of mitosis and lasts the longest. Marked by the a…
Centrioles
Move to the poles of the cell and create the mitotic spindle
Mitosis
When the cell divides into two independent daughter cells
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
membrane - importance
3 reasons why our body needs new cells:
cell cycle
3 stages of cell cycle
- important because it has to send / transport signals (relie…
1. to grow (you must multiply total # of cells)... 2. every time…
- process of growing and dividing
INTERPHASE - most of cycle... METAPHASE - where chromosomes divi…
membrane - importance
- important because it has to send / transport signals (relie…
3 reasons why our body needs new cells:
1. to grow (you must multiply total # of cells)... 2. every time…
Biology- Cell Cycle & Mitosis
(True or False) Cell division in bacte…
(True or False) Asexual reproduction c…
(True or False) Binary fission is a fo…
(True or False) A gene is a segment of…
False
True
False
True
(True or False) Cell division in bacte…
False
(True or False) Asexual reproduction c…
True
13 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Interphase
Interphase: G1
Interphase: S
Interphase: G2
reflecting that interphase takes place between one mitotic (M…
the cell grows physically larger, copies organelles, and make…
the cell synthesizes a complete copy of the DNA in its nucleu…
the cell grows more, makes proteins and organelles, and begin…
Interphase
reflecting that interphase takes place between one mitotic (M…
Interphase: G1
the cell grows physically larger, copies organelles, and make…
15 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
G2
anaphase
S phase
prophase
making of enzymes for cell division
twin chromatids move to opposite sides of cell
DNA replicates
asters appear
G2
making of enzymes for cell division
anaphase
twin chromatids move to opposite sides of cell
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
diploid
genome
centromere
chromosome
2n, cell with 2 sets of chromosomes
cell's DNA (its genetic info)
where two sister chromatids meet
DNA molecule with associated proteins
diploid
2n, cell with 2 sets of chromosomes
genome
cell's DNA (its genetic info)
Cell Cycle and Mitosis - Biology
ana
carcin
chrom
ect/o
apart
cancer
color
outside of
ana
apart
carcin
cancer
15 terms
Biology Mitosis & Cell Cycle
what does the cell cycle apply to?
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
describe what happens in interphase.
NAME THIS PHASE:... - first phase of mito…
eukaryotes
interphase
the nuclear envelope is intact, DNA is in the form of chromat…
prophase
what does the cell cycle apply to?
eukaryotes
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
interphase
15 terms
Biology Mitosis & Cell Cycle
what does the cell cycle apply to?
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
describe what happens in interphase.
NAME THIS PHASE:... - first phase of mito…
eukaryotes
interphase
the nuclear envelope is intact, DNA is in the form of chromat…
prophase
what does the cell cycle apply to?
eukaryotes
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
interphase
50 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Mitosis
what is the cell cycle
what are the 3 general periods a cell…
what are the major events that occur d…
what is mitosis
the sequence of growth and division of a cell
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
the cell grows, carries out cellular functions and replicates
when the cells nuclear and nucleus material divides
what is the cell cycle
the sequence of growth and division of a cell
what are the 3 general periods a cell…
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Binary Fission
Mitosis
What allows DNA to fit inside a prokar…
How long would the DNA from 1 human ce…
asexual reproduction in prokaryotes (bacteria)
-is the exact duplication of an cell's entire genome... -mechan…
DNA is coiled and condensed by proteins (histones)
2 meters, 250,000 times the length of the average human cell
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in prokaryotes (bacteria)
Mitosis
-is the exact duplication of an cell's entire genome... -mechan…
Biology mitosis /cell cycle
Cell cycle
Cell division
Mitosis
S phase
Period from the beginning of one cell division to the beginni…
Process in which a cell divides into two independent cells
Process of cell division in eukaryotic
Phase of the cell cycle in which the cells genetic informatio…
Cell cycle
Period from the beginning of one cell division to the beginni…
Cell division
Process in which a cell divides into two independent cells
Biology-mitosis/cell cycle
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Sex cells
Everything but sex cells
Regular pattern of growth, dna duplication, and cell division…
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents (doubles everyt…
Meiosis
Mitosis
Cell cycle
Regular pattern of growth, dna duplication, and cell division…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents (doubles everyt…
37 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle & Mitosis
cell cycle
2 Main Phases of Cell Cycle
interphase (definition)
interphase (events)
Events that take place in eukaryotic cell between its formati…
Interphase and Mitotic phase (M mitosis).
Phase that occurs between the times when a cell is dividing (…
Cell is forming and carries on with its normal metabolic func…
cell cycle
Events that take place in eukaryotic cell between its formati…
2 Main Phases of Cell Cycle
Interphase and Mitotic phase (M mitosis).
37 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
biology//cell cycle//mitosis
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm, final phase…
longest in the cell cycle, a period of…
mitosis
mitosis
cytokinesis
interphase
m phase
division of the nucleus
mitosis
division of the cytoplasm, final phase…
cytokinesis
Biology -- Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
2, diploid (2n)
somatic cells
prophase, first phase
kinetochores
number of daughter cells produced and ploidy
cell type that mitosis occurs in; these cells are not involve…
(type phase number, too) the phase of mitosis where chromatin…
protein structures that appear during prophase; serve as atta…
2, diploid (2n)
number of daughter cells produced and ploidy
somatic cells
cell type that mitosis occurs in; these cells are not involve…
17 terms
Biology Cell cycle and Mitosis
ana
carcin
chrom
emia
apart
cancer
color
blood condition
ana
apart
carcin
cancer
Biology-Mitosis and Cell Cycle
Cell cycle
Centromere
Chromatid
Chromatin
series of events a cell goes through as it grows and divides
area where two sister chromatids are attached
one of two identical "sister" parts of a replicated chromosome
a combination of DNA and protein found in eukaryotic cells
Cell cycle
series of events a cell goes through as it grows and divides
Centromere
area where two sister chromatids are attached
21 terms
Biology I - Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Cell Division
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
-repair... -growth... -replacement
-normal cell function... - G1: growth, longest stage... - S: synthe…
-chromosomes condense... -nuclear membrane breaks apart... -animal…
-chromosomes move to middle equator of cell... -spindle fibers p…
Cell Division
-repair... -growth... -replacement
Interphase
-normal cell function... - G1: growth, longest stage... - S: synthe…
13 terms
Biology: Cell cycle & Mitosis
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
A cell cycle is a series of events that takes place in a cell…
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Cell cycle
A cell cycle is a series of events that takes place in a cell…
Mitosis
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
15 terms
biology (cell cycle/mitosis)
interphase
prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
First phase the cell cycle. Everything is double checked.
Chromatin coils to form visible chromosomes
spindle fibers align all the chromosomes to the equator of th…
sister chromatids separate (centromere is split) forming daug…
interphase
First phase the cell cycle. Everything is double checked.
prophase
Chromatin coils to form visible chromosomes
21 terms
Biology cell cycle mitosis
Female
Males
23
46
XX
XY
Half the number of chromosomes
All number of chromosomes
Female
XX
Males
XY
Biology Cell Cycle & Mitosis
What is genetic material called during…
What makes the chromosomes become visi…
What is used to help break down the nu…
Besides the nucleus, what else is brok…
Chromatin
DNA molecules are progressively shortened and condensed by co…
Enzymes
Nuclear membrane
What is genetic material called during…
Chromatin
What makes the chromosomes become visi…
DNA molecules are progressively shortened and condensed by co…
41 terms
biology study mitosis and cell cycle
what is the equation to calculate perc…
a rod shaped structure that forms when…
the number of chromosomes found in the…
bacteria reproduces through an a sexua…
number of cells in phase - over - total number of cells obser…
historie
46
binary fission
what is the equation to calculate perc…
number of cells in phase - over - total number of cells obser…
a rod shaped structure that forms when…
historie
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Chromosome
Sister Chromatid
Centromere
Daughter Cell
Structure in Nucleus that contains DNA and Protien during Phr…
1 piece of DNA that makes up 1/2 of a chromosome
Where 2 sister cremations are connected
Produced when parent cell divides
Chromosome
Structure in Nucleus that contains DNA and Protien during Phr…
Sister Chromatid
1 piece of DNA that makes up 1/2 of a chromosome
16 terms
Biology-Cell Cycle/Mitosis
Cell cycle
Sexual reproduction
Somatic cells
Chromosome
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Involves the joining of two gametes, one from each of two par…
Cells that make up the tissues and organs of your body
One long continuous strand of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Cell cycle
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Sexual reproduction
Involves the joining of two gametes, one from each of two par…
17 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Prokaryotic chromosomes
Cell division in prokaryotic cells
G1
S
No nucleus, DNA found in cytoplasm. Most prokaryotes contain…
DNA is copied first then followed by binary fission (asexual…
Normal functions of the cell. Increases size. Increases organ…
Cell copies DNA. Cell has two copies of DNA by the end.
Prokaryotic chromosomes
No nucleus, DNA found in cytoplasm. Most prokaryotes contain…
Cell division in prokaryotic cells
DNA is copied first then followed by binary fission (asexual…
biology mitosis/cell cycle
binary fission
interphase
during metaphase sister chromatids are
centrioles move into position at oppos…
bacteria divide or make more of themselves through the proces…
G1,G2&S are also known as
arranged on the equator/ line up in the middle of the cell
prophase
binary fission
bacteria divide or make more of themselves through the proces…
interphase
G1,G2&S are also known as
Biology Cell cycle &' Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Cell Division
Order of cell cycle
Interphase
Series of events that takes place in a cell
Replace and repair old cells, Growth, and specialization
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase, Mitosis, and cytokinesis
Division of cell ... First and second division of mitosis
Cell Cycle
Series of events that takes place in a cell
Cell Division
Replace and repair old cells, Growth, and specialization
Biology: Cell Cycle/Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Nucleus, nucleolus, chromatin, centrioles are close
Nucleus and nucleolus are gone. Chromosomes appear. Centriole…
Chromosomes are lined up.
Chromatids are segregating.
Interphase
Nucleus, nucleolus, chromatin, centrioles are close
Prophase
Nucleus and nucleolus are gone. Chromosomes appear. Centriole…
Biology Mitosis cell cycles
Somatic Cells
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
All the Cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
The process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
The longest part of a cell cycle when the cells grows and dev…
The part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides
Somatic Cells
All the Cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
Cell cycle
The process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
Biology Cell Cycle Mitosis
The nucleolus begins to disintegrate
Chromatids separate at the beginning o…
The chromosomes move toward the center…
A chromatid from each pair is attracte…
prophase
anaphase
metaphase
anaphase
The nucleolus begins to disintegrate
prophase
Chromatids separate at the beginning o…
anaphase
Biology: the cell cycle Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Prometaphase
Metaphase
The resting phase between successive mitotic devisions of a c…
Chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nucle…
The process that separates the duplicated genetic material ca…
The sister chromatids become aligned a thecell equator and ar…
Interphase
The resting phase between successive mitotic devisions of a c…
Prophase
Chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nucle…
16 terms
biology cell cycle and mitosis
cancer
benign
malignant
carcinogens
the uncontrolled divison of cells
cancer cells that are in one spot, don't spread to other part…
cells that spread throughout the body
any substance that can lead to cancer
cancer
the uncontrolled divison of cells
benign
cancer cells that are in one spot, don't spread to other part…
38 terms
Biology- Mitosis and Cell Cycle
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Interphase
Centromeres get lined up at the cell equator
Chromosomes are pulled to opposite poles
Chromatin become visible
Nucleolus disappears
Metaphase
Centromeres get lined up at the cell equator
Anaphase
Chromosomes are pulled to opposite poles
5 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
chromatin
chromosome
chromatid
centromere
uncondensed DNA (messy DNA)
(made of 2 chromatids)
section of DNA
holds chromatids together
chromatin
uncondensed DNA (messy DNA)
chromosome
(made of 2 chromatids)
Biology: The Eukaryotic Cell cycle and Mitosis
prokaryotic cell chromosomes
eukaryotic cell chromosomes
chromatin
chromosomes
reproduce in a simpler way than eukaryotic cells the reproduc…
reproduce using interphase mitosis and cytokinesis
a loosely coiled form of DNA
tightly coiled form of DNA
prokaryotic cell chromosomes
reproduce in a simpler way than eukaryotic cells the reproduc…
eukaryotic cell chromosomes
reproduce using interphase mitosis and cytokinesis
Biology Cell Cycle & Mitosis
What is genetic material called during…
What makes the chromosomes become visi…
What is used to help break down the nu…
Besides the nucleus, what else is brok…
Chromatin
DNA molecules are progressively shortened and condensed by co…
Enzymes
Nuclear membrane
What is genetic material called during…
Chromatin
What makes the chromosomes become visi…
DNA molecules are progressively shortened and condensed by co…
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