Study sets matching "cell cycle cancer"

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Study sets matching "cell cycle cancer"

The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Cell Cycle and Cancer
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Cancer
Spindle fibers
The longest phase of the cell cycle
The phase of the cell cycle where the cell splits into two ne…
Uncontrolled cell growth
Helps to organize chromatids into the middle of the cell
Interphase
The longest phase of the cell cycle
Cytokinesis
The phase of the cell cycle where the cell splits into two ne…
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
28 terms
Cell cycle, mitosis and cancer
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
13 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions where a cell…
1st period of cell growth where the cell increases in size
period where DNA replication occurs
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions where a cell…
Cells- The Cell Cycle and Cancer
Chromatin begins to condense into chro…
The nucleolus disassembles during...,
The nuclear membrane breaks down durin…
Replication of DNA occurs during this…
Prophase (before other phases)
Prophase (before other phases)
Prophase (before other phases)
Interphase (between phases)
Chromatin begins to condense into chro…
Prophase (before other phases)
The nucleolus disassembles during...,
Prophase (before other phases)
26 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer Genetics
cell cycle
chromosomes
chromatin
body cells (somatic cells)
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Combination of DNA and protein in nucleus.
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
chromosomes
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Cell Cycle - Cancer and Mitosis
cell cycle
mitosis
the four phases of mitosis
prophase
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromoso…
cell cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
25 terms
Cancer & Cell Cycle
cancer
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
A disease characterized by unregulated cell division.
The life of a cell is divided into predictable phases called…
Division of the cell nucleus
DNA is in the form of chromatin during this phase of the cell…
cancer
A disease characterized by unregulated cell division.
cell cycle
The life of a cell is divided into predictable phases called…
21 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle & Cancer
Genes
Nucleotides
DNA
RNA
Used to make RNA
Nucleic acid building blocks... Phosphate... Sugar... Base
Deoxyribose... Nitrogen Bases... Adenine... Cytosine... Guanine... Th…
Single Stranded... Ribose (Sugar)... Uracil (U) Instead of Thymine…
Genes
Used to make RNA
Nucleotides
Nucleic acid building blocks... Phosphate... Sugar... Base
35 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Cell cycle
Interphase
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Cell cycle, mitosis and cancer
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Cell Cycle & Cancer
Surface area to volume ratio
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 phase
Decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell can be…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
period of cell growth
Surface area to volume ratio
Decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell can be…
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell Cycle and Cancer
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Meiosis
G1, S, G2
2 Identical Diploid (2N) Daughter Cells
Cell splits into two identical daughter diploid cells
1. Sex cells or gametes formation... 2. Fours haploid (N) cells…
Interphase
G1, S, G2
Mitosis
2 Identical Diploid (2N) Daughter Cells
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
38 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
38 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Cell cycle and cancer cells
characteristics of cancer cells
lack differentiation
abnormal nuclei
form tumors
lack differentiation, abnormal nuclei, form tumors, undergo m…
undergoes cell cycle infinetly, doesn't contribute as functio…
enlarged, wrong number of chromosomes, and has a mutated chro…
don't exhibit contact inhibition
characteristics of cancer cells
lack differentiation, abnormal nuclei, form tumors, undergo m…
lack differentiation
undergoes cell cycle infinetly, doesn't contribute as functio…
28 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer A
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
36 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Cell cycle
Interphase
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
28 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer A
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
35 terms
Cell Cycle, Cancer and Mitosis
mitosis
interphase
chromosome
chromatin
The process in which the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cel…
Part of the cell cycle between divisions during which a cell…
Super-coiled arrangement of DNA which form during the first s…
Long strands of coiled DNA wrapped around histones. This is t…
mitosis
The process in which the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cel…
interphase
Part of the cell cycle between divisions during which a cell…
28 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Cell cycle
Interphase
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Cancer & the cell cycle
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
The period in the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing. I…
The first gap, or growth phase, of the cell cycle, consisting…
Synthesis phase, the portion of interphase during which DNA i…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Interphase
The period in the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing. I…
37 terms
Cell Cycle & Cancer (Acad)
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell can be…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
31 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer
homeostasis
Benign
Chromosome
Spindle Fibers
process of a cell maintaining a stable internal enviornment
noncancerous tumor; can't grow locally
bundles of DNA
microtubules that move chromosomes during cell division
homeostasis
process of a cell maintaining a stable internal enviornment
Benign
noncancerous tumor; can't grow locally
22 terms
Cell Cycle, Cancer and Mitosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Chromosome
Chromatin
The process in which the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cel…
Part of the cell cycle between divisions during which a cell…
Super-coiled arrangement of DNA which form during the first s…
Long strands of coiled DNA wrapped around histones. This is t…
Mitosis
The process in which the nuclear material in a eukaryotic cel…
Interphase
Part of the cell cycle between divisions during which a cell…
16 terms
Cell Cycle, Cancer and Mitosis Review
Cell cycle
Cancer
Interphase
G1
A regulated, continuous sequence of preparation (interphase)…
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
In interphase - cell grows rapidly, builds new organelles.
Cell cycle
A regulated, continuous sequence of preparation (interphase)…
Cancer
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
Cell Cycle & Cancer
cell cycle
The cell cycle has
G1 phase
S phase
series of events that a cell goes through as it grows and div…
3 phases (Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis)
Ist growth--- cells are growing and making new organelles
synthesis--DNA replication
cell cycle
series of events that a cell goes through as it grows and div…
The cell cycle has
3 phases (Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis)
11 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer
G1 checkpoint
G2 checkpoint
M checkpoint
Kinase
-Primary Point at which the cell decides whether or not to di…
-The cell makes a commitment to undergo mitosis.... -This checkp…
-This checkpoint ensures that all chromosomes are properly at…
-Enzymes that activate or inactivate other proteins by adding…
G1 checkpoint
-Primary Point at which the cell decides whether or not to di…
G2 checkpoint
-The cell makes a commitment to undergo mitosis.... -This checkp…
49 terms
Cell Cycle Regulation/Cancer
Apoptosis
Syndactyly
Normal control of cell division
How do cells lose control of cell divi…
programmed cell death; what happens to normal cells that are…
apoptosis fails, fingers or toes remained joined together
1. one cell sends a signaling molecule to another cell... 2. sig…
mutations in genes that control cell division
Apoptosis
programmed cell death; what happens to normal cells that are…
Syndactyly
apoptosis fails, fingers or toes remained joined together
9 terms
Cancer & the cell cycle
Mitotic index
Cytokinesis
Cyclins
Mutagens
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis (and meiosis).
A group of proteins whose function is to regulate the progres…
A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and caus…
Mitotic index
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis (and meiosis).
44 terms
Cancer and the Abnormal Cell Cycle
Cancer
True or false? If a cell is damaged it…
Tumor
True or false? All tumors are cancerous.
Out-of-control cell division of mutated (abnormal) cells
True
A mass of tissue that forms when cells divide at an accelerat…
False.
Cancer
Out-of-control cell division of mutated (abnormal) cells
True or false? If a cell is damaged it…
True
27 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer Cells
Cell cycle
2 Main stages of Cell Cycle
Interphase
G0
Sequence of events from the time a cell first formed until it…
Interphase: Prep for division ... Mitotic (M) phase: nuclear and…
90% of cell cycle ... Cell perform it a normal function here ... 3…
A non dividing state. Muscle and nerve cells arrested this wa…
Cell cycle
Sequence of events from the time a cell first formed until it…
2 Main stages of Cell Cycle
Interphase: Prep for division ... Mitotic (M) phase: nuclear and…
15 terms
Cell cycle and cancer cells
M phase
Cytokinesis
G2 phase
Mitosis
Division of chromosomes
Division of cytoplasm
Cell makes the molecules and organelles needed for cell divis…
Made up of telophase, anaphase, prophase, and metaphase
M phase
Division of chromosomes
Cytokinesis
Division of cytoplasm
26 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer Cells
Internal Control
Kinechores
External signals
Growth Factors
come from within cell
proteins at centromere where spindle microtubles attach to in…
-Growth factors ... -Density Dependent inhibition ... -Anchorage De…
proteins released by certain cells that stimulate other cells…
Internal Control
come from within cell
Kinechores
proteins at centromere where spindle microtubles attach to in…
Cell Cycle and Cancer
_____ tumors are harmless and limited…
______ is when the scope of cancer ext…
_______ is the loss of differentiation…
______ is the movement of cells from a…
Benign
malignant
anaplasia; phenotypic
invasion
_____ tumors are harmless and limited…
Benign
______ is when the scope of cancer ext…
malignant
Cell Cycle/Cancer Vocabulary
cell cycle
chromosome
chromatin
chromatid
The cell cycle is an ordered set of events, leading to cell g…
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
The material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
Each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
cell cycle
The cell cycle is an ordered set of events, leading to cell g…
chromosome
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
22 terms
The cell cycle & cancer
Cancer
cancer causes
cell cycle
interphase
many types;... all caused by uncontrollable cell growth
in some, genetics increases risk of contracting;... excessive su…
cells are always in interphase or mitosis, 90% in interphase,…
when cells are: growing, replicating DNA, or preforming cell…
Cancer
many types;... all caused by uncontrollable cell growth
cancer causes
in some, genetics increases risk of contracting;... excessive su…
cell cycle and cancer
cell cycle
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its norm…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
The second growth phase of the cell cycle, consisting of the…
cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
G1 phase
stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its norm…
12 terms
Cancer & the cell cycle
Serendipity
Mitotic index
Cytokinesis
Cyclins
Discovery by fortunate accident.
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis (and meiosis).
A group of proteins whose function is to regulate the progres…
Serendipity
Discovery by fortunate accident.
Mitotic index
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
23 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer
interphase
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA (G1 phase, S phase, G2…
cell grows larger, copies organelles, and makes molecular bui…
cell makes complete copy of DNA and centrosomes in nucleus
cell grows more, makes proteins and organelles and reorganize…
interphase
cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA (G1 phase, S phase, G2…
G1 phase
cell grows larger, copies organelles, and makes molecular bui…
Cancer & the cell cycle
Mitotic index
Cytokinesis
Cyclins
Mutagens
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis (and meiosis).
A group of proteins whose function is to regulate the progres…
A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and caus…
Mitotic index
The ratio of the number of cells in mitosis to the total numb…
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis (and meiosis).
28 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
22 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer
The Cell Cycle
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase:... G1: cell growth... S: DNA is replicated, there are n…
- The DNA is condensed into chromosomes ... - The identical pair…
- The chromosomes line up in the center of the cell... - microtu…
- the sister chromatids get pulled apart to opposite sides of…
The Cell Cycle
Interphase:... G1: cell growth... S: DNA is replicated, there are n…
Prophase
- The DNA is condensed into chromosomes ... - The identical pair…
27 terms
Cell Cycle & Cancer
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
period of cell growth
period where DNA replication occurs
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions; includes G1,…
8 terms
Cell Cycle and Cancer
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Cell Cycle
Anaphase
division of the cytoplasm after meiosis and mitosis
longest stage of the cell cycle where the cell grows, DNA cop…
period of time from the beginning of one cell division to the…
the stage of meiosis or mitosis during which chromosomes move…
Cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm after meiosis and mitosis
Interphase
longest stage of the cell cycle where the cell grows, DNA cop…
38 terms
The Cell Cycle & Cancer
Asexual reproduction
Binary fission
Surface area-to-volume ratio
Cell cycle
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
this decreases as a cell grows so it limits the size a cell c…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself; offspr…
Binary fission
means "division in half," type of asexual reproduction (examp…
Cell Cycle and Cancer Review
Cell cycle
What does the cell cycle consist of?
Interphase (G1, S, G2)
G1
Period of growth and division of a cell
-Interphase (G1, S, G2)... -Cell division (M Phase)
Longest phase of cell cycle (not part of mitosis)
Cell growth, organelle, synthesis and specific life functions
Cell cycle
Period of growth and division of a cell
What does the cell cycle consist of?
-Interphase (G1, S, G2)... -Cell division (M Phase)
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