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Study sets matching "cell division cells anatomy human"

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Study sets matching "cell division cells anatomy human"

17 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Division
mitosis
cell division
cleavage furrow
chromosome
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
one of two major periods in the cell life cycle; involves the…
a slight indentation in the plasma membrane midway between th…
bar-like bodies of tightly coiled chromatin; visible during c…
mitosis
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
cell division
one of two major periods in the cell life cycle; involves the…
13 terms
human anatomy: cell division
prophase
anaphase
telophase
telophase
chromatin coils and condenses to form deeply staining bodies
centromeres break, and chromosomes begin migration toward opp…
the nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
when chromosomes cease their poleward movement, this phase be…
prophase
chromatin coils and condenses to form deeply staining bodies
anaphase
centromeres break, and chromosomes begin migration toward opp…
21 terms
Human Anatomy - Cell Division
Somatic Cell
Somatic Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Any cell of the body other than germ cells
A cell undergoes mitosis and cytokinesis
Nuclear division
Division of the cytoplasm
Somatic Cell
Any cell of the body other than germ cells
Somatic Cell Division
A cell undergoes mitosis and cytokinesis
16 terms
Human Anatomy-Cell Division
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
chromatin
selectively permeable only allows certain things in and out o…
houses genetic material
composed of RNA and protein; synthesis of ribosomes
composed of DNA and protein
cell membrane
selectively permeable only allows certain things in and out o…
nucleus
houses genetic material
24 terms
Human Anatomy - Cell Division
Meiosis
Gametes
Interphase
Mitosis
Sexual reproduction where cell division makes gametes. There…
Sex Cells 1/2 cells 1/2 DNA
In between cell divisions, period of growth
Asexual reproduction, makes identical offspring.
Meiosis
Sexual reproduction where cell division makes gametes. There…
Gametes
Sex Cells 1/2 cells 1/2 DNA
17 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Division Vocab
mitosis
centriole
centromere
replication
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
Minute body found near the nucleus of the cell; active in cel…
The constructed portion of a chromosome where the two chromat…
an early embryonic phase consisting of rapid mitotic cell div…
mitosis
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
centriole
Minute body found near the nucleus of the cell; active in cel…
26 terms
Human Anatomy LAb Exam (Cell Anatomy/Division)
What are the three components of the c…
Definition of Cytoplasm
Definition of plasma membrane
Definiton of nucleus
plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
cellular material surrounding the nucleus enclosed by the pla…
it encloses all cell contents.... It is made up of phospholipids…
control center of a cell contains protons and nuetrons
What are the three components of the c…
plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
Definition of Cytoplasm
cellular material surrounding the nucleus enclosed by the pla…
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cleavage Furrow
Nucleolus
Sister chromatids
Which phase is not considered to be pa…
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Two identical chromosome strands attached at the centromere
Interphase
Cleavage Furrow
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Nucleolus
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
33 terms
Anatomy - cells/cell division
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
surrounds the cell and gives it form (keeps everything in); d…
area between the membrane and nucleus
fluid portion of cytoplasm
subcellular structures that do a specific function
plasma membrane
surrounds the cell and gives it form (keeps everything in); d…
cytoplasm
area between the membrane and nucleus
46 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
cell theory 1
cell theory 2
cell theory 3
plasma membrane
all living things are composed of cells
all cells come from preexisting cells
cells are the smallest living unit that perform physiological…
phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
cell theory 1
all living things are composed of cells
cell theory 2
all cells come from preexisting cells
34 terms
Anatomy of the Cell & Cell Division
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cytosol
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Plasma Membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
46 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cleavage Furrow
Following mitosis, how many chromosome…
Nucleolus
What are the non-membranous organelles…
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
50 chromosomes
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Ribosomes... Cytoskeleton... Microvilli... Centrioles... Cilia... Flagella
Cleavage Furrow
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Following mitosis, how many chromosome…
50 chromosomes
52 terms
Anatomy: Cells and Cell Division
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
surrounds cell and gives it form
consists of cytosol and organelles
fluid-like material
tiny sub cellular structures that help the cell work
plasma membrane
surrounds cell and gives it form
cytoplasm
consists of cytosol and organelles
44 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cleavage Furrow
Nucleolus
What are the non-membranous organelles…
daughter cells
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Ribosomes... Cytoskeleton... Centrioles... Nucleolus... Cytoskeleton... Incl…
Two diploid cells identical to the parent cell
Cleavage Furrow
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Nucleolus
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
11 terms
anatomy of the cell and cell division
cell theory
Cell membrane
selectively permeable
carbohydrates
1. all plants & animals are composed of cells... 2. all cells co…
phospholipid bilateral that separates the extra cellular flui…
regulates what enters and exits the cell
attachment of other cells or molecules
cell theory
1. all plants & animals are composed of cells... 2. all cells co…
Cell membrane
phospholipid bilateral that separates the extra cellular flui…
43 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Selectively permeable
Carbohydrate
1.all plants and animals are composed of cells ... 2.all cells c…
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
Regulates what enters and exits the cell
Attachment of other cells or molecules, cell-to-cell recognit…
Cell theory
1.all plants and animals are composed of cells ... 2.all cells c…
Cell membrane
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
46 terms
Cell Anatomy /Cell Division
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
Smooth ER
Cells that do not contain nuclei
Cells that contain nuclei
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
ER that has no ribosomes
Prokaryotes
Cells that do not contain nuclei
Eukaryotes
Cells that contain nuclei
49 terms
Cell anatomy/Cell division
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Nucleus
Smooth ER
any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organe…
Organism or living thing in which the DNA or genetic material…
A dense rounded double membraned structure in the center of t…
network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell
Prokaryote
any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organe…
Eukaryote
Organism or living thing in which the DNA or genetic material…
13 terms
Anatomy: Cell & Cell Division
cytoplasm consists of
cytosol
organelles
cholesterol
cytosol & organelles
fluid portion of the cytoplasm
tiny subcellular structures that do specific functions for th…
strengthens membrane
cytoplasm consists of
cytosol & organelles
cytosol
fluid portion of the cytoplasm
34 terms
Anatomy of the cell and cell division
Cell membrabe
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Nucleus
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
Modification and packaging of newly synthesized protein
Lipids and carbohydrate synthesis
Control of metabolism; storage and processing of genetic info
Cell membrabe
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
Rough ER
Modification and packaging of newly synthesized protein
14 terms
cell anatomy and cell division
ribosomes
lysosomes
peroxisomes
smooth er
sites of protein synthesis
"suicide sac" digests worn out organelles and foreign substan…
detoxify alcohol, hydrogen peroxide; and other harmful chemic…
site of steroid and lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism, and dr…
ribosomes
sites of protein synthesis
lysosomes
"suicide sac" digests worn out organelles and foreign substan…
31 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
3 parts of cell you can see with micro…
plasma membrane
Proteins in/near plasma membrane
Cholesterol in plasma membrane
plasma/cell membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
phospholipid bilayer... -physical boundary separated the extrace…
integral proteins - cross membrane (act as doorways to move p…
critical role in forming membrane (stiffens membrane)
3 parts of cell you can see with micro…
plasma/cell membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer... -physical boundary separated the extrace…
42 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane
Selectively permeable
Carbohydrate
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2. All cells…
Phospholipid bolster that separates the extra cellular fluid…
Regulates what enters and exists the cell
Attachment of other cells or molecules, cell-to-cell recognit…
Cell Theory
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2. All cells…
Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid bolster that separates the extra cellular fluid…
9 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cell Theory
Plasma/ Cell Membrane
Extracellular Fluid
Nucleus
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2. All cells…
The outer boundary of the cell
Fluid surrounding the cell
An organelle that controls cellular activities; typically lie…
Cell Theory
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2. All cells…
Plasma/ Cell Membrane
The outer boundary of the cell
10 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
plasma membrane
centrioles
ribosomes
smooth er
outer boundary, aka cell membrane
paired organelles composed of microtubules
direct protein synthesis
That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that is free of rib…
plasma membrane
outer boundary, aka cell membrane
centrioles
paired organelles composed of microtubules
43 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Explain the cell theory
Cell membrane/ plasma membrane
Selectively permeable
Carbohydrate
1 all plants and animals are composed of cells... 2 all cells co…
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
Regulates what enters and exits the cell
Attachment of other cells or molecules, cell- to- cell recogn…
Explain the cell theory
1 all plants and animals are composed of cells... 2 all cells co…
Cell membrane/ plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
24 terms
Anatomy of the cell and cell division
Plasma Membrane
Centrioles
Ribosome
Smooth ER
Encloses the cell, composed of lipid bilayer embedded with pr…
Composed of microtubules, form spindle apparatus during mitos…
Located in cytoplasm, and builds proteins.
Synthesizes lipids, carbohydrates, hormones.
Plasma Membrane
Encloses the cell, composed of lipid bilayer embedded with pr…
Centrioles
Composed of microtubules, form spindle apparatus during mitos…
48 terms
Anatomy of the cell and cell division
what are the three things listed about…
cell membrane/ plasma membrane
selectively permeable
carbohydrates
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells ... 2.All cells…
phospholipid bilayer that separates the extra cellular fluid…
regulates what enters and exits the cell
attachment of other cells or molecules, cell-to-cell recognit…
what are the three things listed about…
1. All plants and animals are composed of cells ... 2.All cells…
cell membrane/ plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer that separates the extra cellular fluid…
Cell Anatomy and Division
Cytosol
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
fluid cytoplasmic material
composed of RNA and protein; site of protein synthesis
storage and transport of the proteins made by ribosomes
steroid and lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism
Cytosol
fluid cytoplasmic material
Ribosomes
composed of RNA and protein; site of protein synthesis
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Division
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Cell division
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
1st phase of mitosis
DNA Replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Mitosis
Cell division
13 terms
Division and Differentiation in Human Cells
Mitosis
Meiosis
Homologous chromosomes
Stem cells
Cell division that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing c…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for lon…
Mitosis
Cell division that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing c…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
43 terms
Anatomy - Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cell theory
Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane
Selectively Permeable
Carbohydrates
1) All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2) All cells…
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
Cell membrane, regulated what enters and exits the cell
Attachment of other cells or molecules, cell-to-cell recognit…
Cell theory
1) All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2) All cells…
Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
28 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division
Plasma membrane
Microvilli
Cilia
Cytosol
Saparetes cell contents from the surrounding environment, pro…
Slender tensions of the plasma membrane that increase the sur…
Hair-like vibrating structure
The fluid cytoplasmic material
Plasma membrane
Saparetes cell contents from the surrounding environment, pro…
Microvilli
Slender tensions of the plasma membrane that increase the sur…
26 terms
Cell - Anatomy & Division
cell
nucleus
chromatin
chromosome
structure & functional unit of all living things
control center; necessary for reproduction; site of "genes"
threadlike material of DNA formed when cell is not dividing
chromatin coiled & condensed in dark staining rodlike bodies;…
cell
structure & functional unit of all living things
nucleus
control center; necessary for reproduction; site of "genes"
13 terms
Anat 3: The Cell: Anatomy and Division- Cell Division
somatic cell division
reproductive cell division
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis + cytokinesis
meiosis + cytokinesis
orderly sequence of events by which a cell duplicates and div…
phase in which cell carries out every life process except div…
somatic cell division
mitosis + cytokinesis
reproductive cell division
meiosis + cytokinesis
17 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nuclear Membrane (Envelope)
Nucleolus (Nuclei)
Near the center of the cell surrounded by cytoplasm; contains…
Threadlike form of genetic material when the cell is not divi…
Double layered covering surrounding the nucleus
Contains proteins and RNA
Nucleus
Near the center of the cell surrounded by cytoplasm; contains…
Chromatin
Threadlike form of genetic material when the cell is not divi…
The Cell: Anatomy and Division Lab
Nucleus
nuclear envelope
chromatin
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
nuclear envelope
15 terms
The Cell: Anatomy & Division
Mitosis
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
nuclear division
DNA Replication... Chromatin (long thin fibers on which DNA is l…
the centrioles begin replicating
DNA is replicated
Mitosis
nuclear division
Interphase
DNA Replication... Chromatin (long thin fibers on which DNA is l…
34 terms
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
58 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Chromatin
43 terms
Cell Anatomy and Division
Cell
Three Major Regions
Nucleus
Chromatin
the structural and functional unit of all living things
nucleus, plasma membrane, cytoplasm
near the center of the cell; contains the genetic material, D…
loosely dispersed genetic material in the nucleus
Cell
the structural and functional unit of all living things
Three Major Regions
nucleus, plasma membrane, cytoplasm
42 terms
The Cell-Anatomy and Division
nucleus
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
chromatin
the control center of the cell; contains DNA; responsible for…
a selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
a gel-like fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
threadlike structures in the nucleus that carry the hereditar…
nucleus
the control center of the cell; contains DNA; responsible for…
plasma membrane
a selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
Lab: Cell Anatomy and Division
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Nucleoli
- contains genetic material or DNA (genes) ... - often described…
- when the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loos…
- when the cell is in the process of dividing to form daughte…
- nucleus contains one or more small round bodies
Nucleus
- contains genetic material or DNA (genes) ... - often described…
Chromatin
- when the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loos…
20 terms
cell division- anatomy
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
DNA Replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
33 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division terms
Cell
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Contains genetic material (DNA). Control center of the cell;…
Genetic material loosely dispersed throughout the nucleus in…
The chromatin coils and condenses, forming dense, darkly stai…
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Nucleus
Contains genetic material (DNA). Control center of the cell;…
25 terms
Cell Anatomy and Division
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Mitochondria
Largest organelle... Contains the hereditary material, DNA and r…
Composed of RNA... Produce Ribosomes... M
Threadlike mass of DNA when the cell is not duplicating... Becom…
"Powerhouse of the cell"... Generates most of the cell's energy…
Nucleus
Largest organelle... Contains the hereditary material, DNA and r…
Nucleolus
Composed of RNA... Produce Ribosomes... M
54 terms
Cell - Anatomy & Division
cell
nucleus
chromatin
chromosome
structure & functional unit of all living things
control center; necessary for reproduction; site of "genes"
threadlike material of DNA formed when cell is not dividing
chromatin coiled & condensed in dark staining rodlike bodies;…
cell
structure & functional unit of all living things
nucleus
control center; necessary for reproduction; site of "genes"
16 terms
Cell Anatomy and Division
ribosomes
(rough) endoplasmic reticulum
(smooth) endoplasmic reticulum
golgi apparatus
actual sites of protein synthesis
area for storage and transport of proteins made on the riboso…
site of steroid and lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism, and dr…
packaging proteins and packaging lysosomal enzymes
ribosomes
actual sites of protein synthesis
(rough) endoplasmic reticulum
area for storage and transport of proteins made on the riboso…
33 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division terms
Cell
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Contains genetic material (DNA). Control center of the cell;…
Genetic material loosely dispersed throughout the nucleus in…
The chromatin coils and condenses, forming dense, darkly stai…
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Nucleus
Contains genetic material (DNA). Control center of the cell;…
47 terms
The Cell: Anatomy and Division
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Nucleoli
This part of the cell contains genetic material, DNA, section…
When a cell is not dividing it is the genetic material that i…
What is the result of condensed and coiled chromatin?
Found in the nucleus. Nucleus can have one or more. Composed…
Nucleus
This part of the cell contains genetic material, DNA, section…
Chromatin
When a cell is not dividing it is the genetic material that i…
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