Study sets matching "cell growth reproduction"

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Study sets matching "cell growth reproduction"

10 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
mitosis
meiosis
interphase
the life of a cell
a cell divides into two cells with the same genetic material…
a cell divides into multiple cells with half the chromosomes…
the time between cell divisions
cell cycle
the life of a cell
mitosis
a cell divides into two cells with the same genetic material…
16 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
29 terms
Cell Reproduction & Growth Vocabulary
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Deoxyribose
Genetic material of a cell
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
The "twisted ladder" shape of a DNA molecule
The sugar part of a DNA nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genetic material of a cell
Nucleotide
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
14 terms
Cell Growth & Cell Reproduction
Level of organization in organisms
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
DNA Full Name
Cells - tissue - organ - organ system - organism
No nucleus or membrane, DNA in cytoplasm
Nucleus, membrane, DNA in nucleus
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Level of organization in organisms
Cells - tissue - organ - organ system - organism
Prokaryotic Cell
No nucleus or membrane, DNA in cytoplasm
28 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction Test
DNA
Sugar-phosphate backbone
4 Nitrogen bases in DNA
DNA's overall shape
is the genetic code which holds instructions for how to build…
The outside of the DNA double helix
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
Double Helix
DNA
is the genetic code which holds instructions for how to build…
Sugar-phosphate backbone
The outside of the DNA double helix
29 terms
Cell Reproduction & Growth Vocabulary
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Deoxyribose
Genetic material of a cell
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
The "twisted ladder" shape of a DNA molecule
The sugar part of a DNA nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genetic material of a cell
Nucleotide
Monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid
32 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
gametes
ovaries
testis
somatic
Cells that participate in sexual reproduction.
Site of meiosis in human females.
Site of meiosis in human males.
Cells of the body that are diploid; those that can be replace…
gametes
Cells that participate in sexual reproduction.
ovaries
Site of meiosis in human females.
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
27 terms
Cells-Growth and Reproduction (Keystone)
Active transport
Carrier (transport) proteins
Cell
Cell Cycle
Movement of molecules from low to high concentration. Require…
Proteins used to move large materials across the membrane.
Basic unit of life.
Process of making daughter cells- the cell grows and divides.
Active transport
Movement of molecules from low to high concentration. Require…
Carrier (transport) proteins
Proteins used to move large materials across the membrane.
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Cell growth and reproduction
Anaphase
Cell cycle
Centromere
Chromatin
the third phase of mitosis in which the centromeres split and…
continuous sequence of growth (interphase) and division (mito…
cell structure that joins two sister chromatids of chromosome
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; coi…
Anaphase
the third phase of mitosis in which the centromeres split and…
Cell cycle
continuous sequence of growth (interphase) and division (mito…
12 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
chromosomes
anaphase
cell cycle
centromere
cell structures that contain DNA and carry the genetic materi…
the third phase of mitosis in which the centromeres split and…
continuous sequence of growth and division in a cell
cell structure that joins two sister chromatids of a chromoso…
chromosomes
cell structures that contain DNA and carry the genetic materi…
anaphase
the third phase of mitosis in which the centromeres split and…
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Chromatin
Interphase
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Long thin strand of DNA that are tangled up and not clearly v…
A stage in the cell's life where it grows, copies its DNA and…
The sequence of developmental stages in a cell.
Cell division
Chromatin
Long thin strand of DNA that are tangled up and not clearly v…
Interphase
A stage in the cell's life where it grows, copies its DNA and…
Cell Growth and Reproduction
factors that limit cell size
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
-diffusion (fast over short distances, slow over long distanc…
the process by which new cells are produced from one cell
production of genetically identical offspring from a single p…
involves the fusion of two separate parent cells, offspring i…
factors that limit cell size
-diffusion (fast over short distances, slow over long distanc…
cell division
the process by which new cells are produced from one cell
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period of time in between mitosis or meiosis, during which…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Chromatin
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Chromatin
Clusters of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Cell division
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
Cell division
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
A period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during whic…
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Sugar (deoxyribose) ... Phosphate groups…
Adenine... Guanine... Thymine... Cytosine
Nucleotide
What does DNA stand for?
The Chemical components of DNA are:... -... -... -
The four bases are:... 1.... 2.... 3.... 4.
Made up of a sugar, a base, and a phosphate group
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What does DNA stand for?
Sugar (deoxyribose) ... Phosphate groups…
The Chemical components of DNA are:... -... -... -
47 terms
CHS Cell Growth and Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid Cell
Haploid Cell
cellular reproduction that results in body cells that have th…
cellular reproduction that results in gametes that have HALF…
a cell (such as a body cell) that has two of each type of chr…
a cell (such as a gamete) that has one of each type of chromo…
Mitosis
cellular reproduction that results in body cells that have th…
Meiosis
cellular reproduction that results in gametes that have HALF…
17 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Conjugation
Binary Fission
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Process of reproduction involving a sing parent that results…
Conjugation
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Binary Fission
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
28 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction Vocabulary
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
gene
chromosomes
allele
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
A piece of coiled DNA and proteins found in nucleus of eukary…
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
gene
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Chromosomes:
Cytokinesis
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
The final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
Cell Cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Chromosomes:
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Cell Growth and Reproduction
DNA
Nucleotides
Complimentary Base Pair Rules
Codon
(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule that stores genetic informat…
monomers that make up the larger DNA and RNA molecules compri…
Adenine pairs with thymine and cytosine pairs with guanine
a group of three sequential nucleotides signaling for a parti…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule that stores genetic informat…
Nucleotides
monomers that make up the larger DNA and RNA molecules compri…
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Conjugation
Binary Fission
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Process of reproduction involving a sing parent that results…
Conjugation
Process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange gene…
Binary Fission
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
22 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction (Incomplete)
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
an organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.
the DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA.
Gametes
an organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
17 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Chromatin
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
Cell Growth and Cell Reproduction
What is the end result of mitosis?
In humans, what is the chromosome numb…
Where do spindle fibers attach?
What are the phases of the cell cycle?
A daughter cell
46
To Chromosomes
Interphase, M-phase, cytokenithesis
What is the end result of mitosis?
A daughter cell
In humans, what is the chromosome numb…
46
cell growth and reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
structure of a chromosome
interphase and cytokinesis
-asexual reproduction... -diploid
-sexual reproduction... -haploid
chromosome: set of genetic material, DNA is wound up... chromati…
interphase: cells are not dividing, normal functions... -G1, S,…
mitosis
-asexual reproduction... -diploid
meiosis
-sexual reproduction... -haploid
5 terms
cell growth & reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Prophase
the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during wh…
11 terms
Cell growth and reproduction
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
first phase of mitosis. the chromatin coils up to form visibl…
is the second phase of mitosis. the chromosome move to the eq…
is the third phase of mitosis. the centromeres split and the…
The fourth phase of mitosis. Two distinct daughter cells are…
Prophase
first phase of mitosis. the chromatin coils up to form visibl…
Metaphase
is the second phase of mitosis. the chromosome move to the eq…
19 terms
Cell Growth & Reproduction Vocabulary
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division and is the las…
one half of a duplicated chromosome
Cell Division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Mitosis
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Allele
Cell Cycle
Chromosomes
Crossing-Over
An alternative form of a gene
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Contains genes that encode for traits. A single piece of coil…
An exchange of genetic materials between homologous chromosom…
Allele
An alternative form of a gene
Cell Cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
25 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Interphase
G1
G0
S
Combination of G1, S& G2 phases
growth, normal metabolism, some organelles replicate & the ce…
Cells that permanently stop dividing... -neurons, cardiac muscle…
Synthesis. DNA replicates
Interphase
Combination of G1, S& G2 phases
G1
growth, normal metabolism, some organelles replicate & the ce…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of cell division in which the nucleus divides
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosome
Cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
part of cell division in which the nucleus divides
44 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Why most cells are small
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Benefits of Asexual reproduction.
Cells with a high surface area to volume(SA:V) ratio are able…
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells.[Mi…
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Asexual Reproduction is 1. fast, 2. does not require finding…
Why most cells are small
Cells with a high surface area to volume(SA:V) ratio are able…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells.[Mi…
Cell Growth & Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
25 terms
Growth And Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosome
Cell Cycle
Interphase
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
Tightly coiled DNA and proteins that have a unique "x" shape…
The period of time from the beginning of one cell division to…
During _____, the cell grows and replicates both its organell…
Cell Division
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
Chromosome
Tightly coiled DNA and proteins that have a unique "x" shape…
13 terms
Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction
Surface area to volume ratio
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
-period of activity where cells do most of their growing... -cel…
-chromosomes are replicated... -synthesis of DNA... -key proteins a…
Surface area to volume ratio
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
Interphase
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
27 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokenesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
16 terms
cell growth and reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
cell cycle
interphase
A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in…
Complex of DNA and proteins hat makes up eukaryotic chromosom…
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
chromosome
A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in…
chromatin
Complex of DNA and proteins hat makes up eukaryotic chromosom…
49 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
gene
chromosomes
allele
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
A one long piece of DNA found in the nucleus of eukaryotic ce…
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative f…
deoxyribonucelic acid (DNA)
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
gene
A sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
8 terms
Changes in cell growth and reproduction
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Ananplasia
a decrease in cell size
increase in cell size
excessive cell reproduction
cells change in orientation to each other and fail to differe…
Atrophy
a decrease in cell size
Hypertrophy
increase in cell size
34 terms
Cell Growth and Cell Reproduction
what are the three reasons why cells n…
how big can cells get?
describe two reasons why cells can't g…
how fast can bacteria cells grow and r…
1. growth- increase numbers of cells... 2. Reproduction ... 3. Repa…
Cells range in size from 5-50 (micrometer, 1 millionth of a m…
1. As a cell increases size it's volume grows 10 times faster…
they grow and reproduce very fast
what are the three reasons why cells n…
1. growth- increase numbers of cells... 2. Reproduction ... 3. Repa…
how big can cells get?
Cells range in size from 5-50 (micrometer, 1 millionth of a m…
19 terms
Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
16 terms
Cell growth, division, and reproduction
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
the cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, centrioles separate and…
chromosomes line up across center of cell, each is connected…
the sister chromatids separate into individual chromosomes an…
interphase
the cell grows and replicates its DNA and centrioles
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, centrioles separate and…
Cell Growth, Reproduction, and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproductions
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
the process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
forming an offspring with two separate parent cells
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Cell Division
the process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells
Asexual Reproductions
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
74 terms
cell growth and reproduction test
coiled stands of DNA and proteins duri…
super-coiled, rod shaped structures fo…
what types of proteins are found in ch…
help maintain chromosome shape and kee…
chromatin
chromosomes
histone proteins and non-histone proteins
histone proteins
coiled stands of DNA and proteins duri…
chromatin
super-coiled, rod shaped structures fo…
chromosomes
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