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Study sets matching "cell processes and organelles"

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Study sets matching "cell processes and organelles"

22 terms
Cell Organelles, Cell processes
Organelle
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vacuole
parts of the cell that carry out specific functions
controls the cell ; Contains DNA (genetic material)
; makes ATP through cell respiration
stores food, water, waste; larger in plant cells
Organelle
parts of the cell that carry out specific functions
Nucleus
controls the cell ; Contains DNA (genetic material)
19 terms
Cell Organelles and Cell Processes
Cell
3 parts of the Cell theory
How many cells in your body?
Prokaryote: nucleus
smallest thing that retains the properties of life.
1. Every organism is composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cell i…
Trillions
no nucleus
Cell
smallest thing that retains the properties of life.
3 parts of the Cell theory
1. Every organism is composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cell i…
20 terms
Cell organelles and processes
Osmosis
Diffusion
Passive transport
Active transport
The movement of water particles from high to low concentratio…
Movement of tiny particles from high to low concentration and…
Moves small particles from high to low concentration across t…
Moves small particles against the concentration gradient from…
Osmosis
The movement of water particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
Movement of tiny particles from high to low concentration and…
14 terms
Cell organelles and processes
Cell Wall
Vacuole
Chloroplast
Nucleus
Outside of a plant cell that supports and protects it
Stores material such as water, salts, proteins and carbs
captures energy from the sun and converts it to chemical ener…
Brain of the cell, contains all the cell's DNA with coded ins…
Cell Wall
Outside of a plant cell that supports and protects it
Vacuole
Stores material such as water, salts, proteins and carbs
33 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
Active transport
Mitochondria
ATP
Word equation for photosynthesis
Cell uses energy to move substances into the cell, using energy
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells. Known as t…
High energy molecule used by cells
Carbon dioxide + water + sunlight --> glucose + oxygen
Active transport
Cell uses energy to move substances into the cell, using energy
Mitochondria
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells. Known as t…
20 terms
Cell Organelle and Processes
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Organelle
The basic unit of life in all organisms.
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cell
The basic unit of life in all organisms.
Cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cell Organelles, Processes, Bacteria
cell
vacuole
mitochondria
nucleus
Definition... the basic unit of all living things; building bloc…
Definition... organelle in the cytoplasm of a plant or animal ce…
Definition... an organelle in eukaryotic cells that is the site…
Definition... an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA;…
cell
Definition... the basic unit of all living things; building bloc…
vacuole
Definition... organelle in the cytoplasm of a plant or animal ce…
11 terms
Meinhart Cell Organelles & Processes
cell wall
cell membrane
mitochondria
chloroplast
The rigid outer barrier of a plant cell that provides support…
cell structure that controls what enters and leaves a cell. F…
cell organelle that uses oxygen to break down food molecules…
cell organelle that uses energy from the sun to make food (gl…
cell wall
The rigid outer barrier of a plant cell that provides support…
cell membrane
cell structure that controls what enters and leaves a cell. F…
Taboo: Cell Processes and Cell Organelles
Taboo Rules
nucleus
cell membrane
cell wall
1. One person from a team to be the first clue giver.... 2. Do n…
Taboo: ... brain... directs... controls
Taboo: ... covering... permeable
Taboo: ... plant... structure ... support
Taboo Rules
1. One person from a team to be the first clue giver.... 2. Do n…
nucleus
Taboo: ... brain... directs... controls
47 terms
Cell Organelles and Cell Processes
Cell
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Chromatin
smallest thing that retains the properties of life.
1. Every organism is composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cell i…
the cell's genetic control center ... → contains most of the cel…
the name for the DNA in the nucleus when the cell is not divi…
Cell
smallest thing that retains the properties of life.
Cell Theory
1. Every organism is composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cell i…
21 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
microscope
tissue
cell membrane
organ system
an instrument that makes small objects appear larger
group of cells working together to perform a function
controls substances passing in and out of the cell
group of organs working together
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects appear larger
tissue
group of cells working together to perform a function
62 terms
Cell Organelles and Cell Processes
cell
cell theory
properties of a prokaryote
properties of a eukaryote
smallest thing that retains the properties of life
-every organism is composed of one or more cells... -cell is the…
no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, dna is unorganized…
true nucleus, organelles are membrane bound, dna is linear an…
cell
smallest thing that retains the properties of life
cell theory
-every organism is composed of one or more cells... -cell is the…
16 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
vacuoles
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water.
Contains the genetic material (DNA) and is the control center…
Act as temporary storage centers;Some store water; others sto…
cell membrane
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
cytoplasm
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water.
26 terms
Cells, Organelles, and Cell Processes
smallest thing that retains the proper…
1) every organism is composed of one o…
___________ of cells in the human body
-no nucleus... -no membrane-bound organel…
cell
Cell Theory
trillions
characteristics of prokaryote
smallest thing that retains the proper…
cell
1) every organism is composed of one o…
Cell Theory
24 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
Prokaryotes
Plant Cells
Eukaryotes
Tissue
Cells without membrane bound organelles
Cells with vacuoles, chloroplasts, and cell walls
Cells with a Nucleus
A group of cells together
Prokaryotes
Cells without membrane bound organelles
Plant Cells
Cells with vacuoles, chloroplasts, and cell walls
11 terms
Cell organelles and processes
Chloroplast
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Uses sunlight to make energy, found only in plant cells
Selectively permeable, only letting certain substances into i…
Serves as cells batteries, provides energy for cellular process
Proteins are made here
Chloroplast
Uses sunlight to make energy, found only in plant cells
Cell membrane
Selectively permeable, only letting certain substances into i…
Cell Organelles and Processes
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuole
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water. The…
Contains the genetic material (DNA) and is the control center…
Act as temporary storage centers. Some store water; others st…
Cell Membrane
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
Cytoplasm
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water. The…
46 terms
Lewis cell organelles and processes
Lysosomes-
Vacuole
Cell wall
Mitochondria
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
act as temporary storage centers, some store water; others st…
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
the energy producing sites in the cell where respiration take…
Lysosomes-
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
Vacuole
act as temporary storage centers, some store water; others st…
50 terms
Cells, Organelles and Cell Process
Cell theory
Cell types
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
prokaryote and Eukaryote
no nucleus ... no membrane bound organelles ... DNA is unorganized…
true nucleus ... organelles are membrane bound ... DNA is linear an…
Cell theory
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
Cell types
prokaryote and Eukaryote
50 terms
Cells, Organelles and Cell Process
Cell theory
Cell types
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
prokaryote and Eukaryote
no nucleus ... no membrane bound organelles ... DNA is unorganized…
true nucleus ... organelles are membrane bound ... DNA is linear an…
Cell theory
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
Cell types
prokaryote and Eukaryote
30 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes 2014
active transport
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cell wall
..., Energy-requiring process that moves material across a ce…
Also called CELLULAR RESPIRATION, the release of energy from…
Form of cellular respiration with out OXYGEN. This produces l…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
active transport
..., Energy-requiring process that moves material across a ce…
aerobic respiration
Also called CELLULAR RESPIRATION, the release of energy from…
17 terms
Cell Processes and Organelles
organelle
cytoplasm, cell wall, and cytoskeleton
cell membrane, vacuole, lysosomes, and…
ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, golg…
-means little organ... -has specialized functions inside cell
what organelles support the cell?
what organelles maintain homeostasis?
what organelles aid the synthesis of new molecules?... (to make…
organelle
-means little organ... -has specialized functions inside cell
cytoplasm, cell wall, and cytoskeleton
what organelles support the cell?
50 terms
Cells, Organelles and Cell Process
Cell theory
Cell types
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
prokaryote and Eukaryote
no nucleus ... no membrane bound organelles ... DNA is unorganized…
true nucleus ... organelles are membrane bound ... DNA is linear an…
Cell theory
1. every organism is composed of one or more cells... 2. cell is…
Cell types
prokaryote and Eukaryote
22 terms
cell organelles and processes
Lysosomes-
Cell wall
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
the energy producing sites in the cell where respiration take…
where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell. ... • contain…
Lysosomes-
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
Cell wall
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
29 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Golgi Body
Barrier between inside of cell and environment; controls pass…
Fluid Surrounding
break down unwanted material (waste, foreign objects)
Packages and ships proteins
Cell Membrane
Barrier between inside of cell and environment; controls pass…
Cytoplasm
Fluid Surrounding
22 terms
cell organelles and processes
Lysosomes-
Cell wall
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
the energy producing sites in the cell where respiration take…
where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell. ... • contain…
Lysosomes-
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
Cell wall
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
28 terms
Organelles and Cell Processes
Ribosome
Centrosome
Centrioles
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Found on rough ER and alone in the cytoplasm. Function is pro…
Round body near nucleus that contains centrioles
Cylindrical organelles near nucleus. During mitosis, they sep…
Their function is to transport materials
Ribosome
Found on rough ER and alone in the cytoplasm. Function is pro…
Centrosome
Round body near nucleus that contains centrioles
51 terms
Cell organelles and processes
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
mitochondria
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
An extensive membranous network in eukaryotic cells, continuo…
non membrane bounded organelles responsible for protein synth…
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (en…
cell membrane
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
endoplasmic reticulum
An extensive membranous network in eukaryotic cells, continuo…
38 terms
cell processes and organelles
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
controls what gets in and out of the cell
jellylike substance where the organelles are found
control center; contains DNA
makes ribosomes
cell membrane
controls what gets in and out of the cell
cytoplasm
jellylike substance where the organelles are found
87 terms
Organelle Functions and Cell Processes
Cell wall
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cell membrane
Structure: Found only in plant cells and bacteria cells.
Function: Supports and protects cell.
Structure: Located on the outside of the cell. Made of phosph…
Function: Determines what goes in/out of the cell; protects a…
Cell wall
Structure: Found only in plant cells and bacteria cells.
Cell wall
Function: Supports and protects cell.
45 terms
Cells, their organelles, and processes
chloroplast
cell wall
carbohydrate
cellular respiration
organelle found in plants that captures the energy form sunli…
strong, supporting layer around cell membrane only found in p…
compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms: major so…
process that occurs in mitochondria: energy is released by br…
chloroplast
organelle found in plants that captures the energy form sunli…
cell wall
strong, supporting layer around cell membrane only found in p…
46 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Basic units of all forms of life; Collection of living matter…
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
Cell
Basic units of all forms of life; Collection of living matter…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
16 terms
Cells, Their organelles and processes
carbohydrate
activation energy
atom
solute
The main source of energy for living things
The minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
The basic units of matter.
In a solution, the substance that dissolves in the solvent
carbohydrate
The main source of energy for living things
activation energy
The minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
22 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
Lysosomes-
Cell wall
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
the energy producing sites in the cell where respiration take…
where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell. ... • contain…
Lysosomes-
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
Cell wall
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
25 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplasts
nuclear membrane
protects the cell from outside organisms
borders the cell
grows food for the cell with photosynthesis
surrounds the nucleus like a barrier
cell membrane
protects the cell from outside organisms
cell wall
borders the cell
22 terms
cell organelles and processes
Lysosomes-
Cell wall
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
the energy producing sites in the cell where respiration take…
where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell. ... • contain…
Lysosomes-
organelles that can digest food, worn out organelles, other w…
Cell wall
provides extra support and shape for plant cells. It is made…
16 terms
Cell Organelles and Processes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
vacuoles
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water.
Contains the genetic material (DNA) and is the control center…
Act as temporary storage centers;Some store water; others sto…
cell membrane
The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell. It controls what…
cytoplasm
The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made of mostly water.
42 terms
Organelles, cells, and energy processes
Nucleolus
Vacuole
Lipids
Carbon
Organelle in eukaryotic cell nuclear that produces ribosomes
Membrane-bound space in the cytoplasm of cells used for the t…
Structural materials and long-term storage; examples are fats…
The element that life on earth is based on
Nucleolus
Organelle in eukaryotic cell nuclear that produces ribosomes
Vacuole
Membrane-bound space in the cytoplasm of cells used for the t…
27 terms
Anatomy cell processes and organelles
Filtration
Pinocytosis
Phagocytosis
Peroxisome
Molecules are forced through a membrane water pressure during…
Special process where water is engulfed by a cell.
Special process where solids are engulfed by a cell.
These detoxify harmful chemicals, such as alcohol and free ra…
Filtration
Molecules are forced through a membrane water pressure during…
Pinocytosis
Special process where water is engulfed by a cell.
cell organelles/processes
cell
cell theory
plant cells
animal cells
smallest thing that retains properties of life
1. every organism is composed of @ least 1 cell... 2. cell is th…
1. cell wall... 2. chloroplasts... 3. large central vacuole
1. lysosomes... 2. pair of centrioles... 3. flagella... 4. small vacuo…
cell
smallest thing that retains properties of life
cell theory
1. every organism is composed of @ least 1 cell... 2. cell is th…
23 terms
cell processes and organelles
organelles
what does organelle mean
what are the 4 important functions tha…
what are the three organelles involved…
-small structure... -have specialized functions inside a cell
"little organ"
1. support the cell... 2. maintain homeostasis... 3. make new molec…
-cytoskeleton... -cell wall... -cytoplasm
organelles
-small structure... -have specialized functions inside a cell
what does organelle mean
"little organ"
15 terms
Cells Organelles and Processes
What is the main function of the cell…
What is a unique difference about vacu…
What is the function of the chloroplast?
Which of the following is not true con…
Act as a the "control center" and contain DNA
There is only one and it is larger than in animal cells
To convert sunlight into energy for plants
Eukaryotes are always single celled
What is the main function of the cell…
Act as a the "control center" and contain DNA
What is a unique difference about vacu…
There is only one and it is larger than in animal cells
41 terms
Cells, Organelles, Processes
Chloroplast
Cell wall
Carbohydrate
Cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
22 terms
Cell Organelle and Processes
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Control what goes in and out of the cell... Security Guard
Controls all the functions of the cell; contains the nucleolu…
Holds all organelles in place... Jello
Stores and releases energy in the cell in the form of ATP... Po…
Cell Membrane
Control what goes in and out of the cell... Security Guard
Nucleus
Controls all the functions of the cell; contains the nucleolu…
40 terms
Cells Processes/Organelles and Photosynthesis/Cell Respiration
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
organelle
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other…
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
a large oval structure that acts as a cell's control center,…
tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
cell wall
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other…
cell membrane
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
14 terms
Chapter 15: Cell Processes - ORGANELLES
cell
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
Basic unit of life
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
Basic unit of life
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cells, Organelles, & Cell Processes/transport
cell
cell theory
cells come from
prokaryote
smallest thing that retains the properties of life
every organism is composed of one or more cells, cell is the…
pre-existing cells
no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, DNA-unorganized and…
cell
smallest thing that retains the properties of life
cell theory
every organism is composed of one or more cells, cell is the…
19 terms
Animal Cell Organelle Process
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
- Does not use energy... - Moves simple molecules... Ex. Water, Oxy…
- Passive Transport... - The movement of molecules from an area…
- Passive Transport... - The movement of water from an area of g…
- Needs energy... - Moves complex molecules... Ex. Starches (polysa…
Passive Transport
- Does not use energy... - Moves simple molecules... Ex. Water, Oxy…
Diffusion
- Passive Transport... - The movement of molecules from an area…
39 terms
Cell Organelles/functions, Cellular Processes and Microscope Parts
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Chloroplast
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.... Found in all types…
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DN…
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Found only in plants, some bacteria and some protists. Conver…
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.... Found in all types…
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DN…
35 terms
Test 3: Microscopes, Cells Organelles, Cell Processes
This is only found in plant cells and…
This is found in both plant and animal…
another word for the "parts" of the cell
An organelle that packages and ships m…
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Organelles
Golgi Complex
This is only found in plant cells and…
Cell Wall
This is found in both plant and animal…
Cell Membrane
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