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Study sets matching "cell reproduction cells division"

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Study sets matching "cell reproduction cells division"

15 terms
Cell reproduction/ Cell Division
2 reasons cells grow:
The process of cell reproduction:... (3 s…
Which cells never undergo mitosis?... wha…
chromosome:
the size of the cell increases... the number of cells in the bod…
interphase... mitosis... prophase... metaphase... anaphase... telophase... cyto…
nerve and muscle cells... interphase
structures in the nucleus that contain dna
2 reasons cells grow:
the size of the cell increases... the number of cells in the bod…
The process of cell reproduction:... (3 s…
interphase... mitosis... prophase... metaphase... anaphase... telophase... cyto…
16 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
29 terms
Cell Division and Cell Reproduction
Mitosis
Mitosis only occurs in ______ cells.
Why is mitosis important?
Why is it important for a cell to copy…
The process by which a eukaryotic cell seperates the chromoso…
Body
Mitosis is important because:... -it can educate us on how we cr…
It's important for a cell to copy it's DNA information before…
Mitosis
The process by which a eukaryotic cell seperates the chromoso…
Mitosis only occurs in ______ cells.
Body
12 terms
cell reproduction & cell division
sister chromatids
somatic
haploid
crossing over
duplicated chromosomes
body cells
daughter cells contain half the number of chromosomes
when homologous chromosomes exchange genes (meiosis)
sister chromatids
duplicated chromosomes
somatic
body cells
17 terms
Cell Reproduction/ Cell Division
Chromosomes
chromatin
mother cell
daughter cell
pieces of DNA, protein combination molecule called chromatin
dna wrapped around histones (proteins), folded into protein s…
cell that will divide once chromosomes and organelles copied
cells resulting from mother cell dividing
Chromosomes
pieces of DNA, protein combination molecule called chromatin
chromatin
dna wrapped around histones (proteins), folded into protein s…
19 terms
Cell Reproduction - Cell Division
Cell division is
Binary fission
Cell cycle
Cell division
the process by which cells reproduce themselves
the process of cell division in prokaryotes
the repeating of events that make up the life of a cell (cons…
in eukaryotes includes the division of the nucleus (mitosis)…
Cell division is
the process by which cells reproduce themselves
Binary fission
the process of cell division in prokaryotes
42 terms
Cell Division (Cell Reproduction)
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Gap One (G1)
New cells are produced that are identical to the original cell
New cells are produced that are not identical to the original…
Cell life cycle
Not duplicating chromosomes
Mitosis
New cells are produced that are identical to the original cell
Meiosis
New cells are produced that are not identical to the original…
Cell Division/ Cell Reproduction
What is mitosis?
What is the number of phases in mitosis?
what is prophase?
What is your body cells or autosomes?
The process that results in new cells with genetic material t…
four
the longest phase in mitosis where chromosomes condense
This is the location in your body where mitosis takes place
What is mitosis?
The process that results in new cells with genetic material t…
What is the number of phases in mitosis?
four
12 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Cell Division
Mitosis
Creates new organisms that are exact copies of the 1 parent
Creates new organisms that are a unique combination of the 2…
Process of creating more cells
A form of cell division that starts with one cell with 46 chr…
Asexual reproduction
Creates new organisms that are exact copies of the 1 parent
Sexual Reproduction
Creates new organisms that are a unique combination of the 2…
20 terms
Reproduction and Cell Division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
ova
Reproduction without gametes; creates identical organisms
Reproduction with gametes
sex cells
female gamete; egg
asexual reproduction
Reproduction without gametes; creates identical organisms
sexual reproduction
Reproduction with gametes
15 terms
Cell Division & Reproduction
chromosome
meiosis
mitosis
chromatin
compacted chromatin that occurs during PMAT
cell division that produces 4 haploid sex cells
cell division that humans use to grow and heal injuries
DNA & protein that occurs during interphase
chromosome
compacted chromatin that occurs during PMAT
meiosis
cell division that produces 4 haploid sex cells
25 terms
Cell Division & Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
Reproduction that only requires one parent and makes identica…
Reproduction that requires two parents and makes genetically…
A form of cell division that creates identical daughter cells
A form of cell division that creates gametes, that are geneti…
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction that only requires one parent and makes identica…
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction that requires two parents and makes genetically…
15 terms
CELL REPRODUCTION/DIVISION
ZYGOTE
SPERM
EGG CELL
BUDDING
A fertilized egg
The male sex cell
the female reproductive cell
A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell g…
ZYGOTE
A fertilized egg
SPERM
The male sex cell
12 terms
Cell Division - Reproduction
Meiosis
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Meiosis
Mitosis
28 terms
Cell Division/Reproduction
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
the life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a di…
process of dividing the nucleus and its contents
process of dividing the cytoplasm
period of growth in which a cell may prepare for cell division
Cell cycle
the life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a di…
Mitosis
process of dividing the nucleus and its contents
24 terms
Reproduction & Cell Division
Sexual Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself. Offspr…
asexual cell division that results in two identical daughter…
Cell division that produces haploid gametes such as sperm or…
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Asexual Reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself. Offspr…
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
12 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
reproduce
gamete
fertilization
gene
to make new living things of the same kind.
a specialized cell used for reproduction.
the joining of an egg and a sperm to form a zygote
a tiny part of a chromosome that helps determine a particular…
reproduce
to make new living things of the same kind.
gamete
a specialized cell used for reproduction.
10 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Chromosome
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Sexual Reproduction
Structures of tightly packed DNA and proteins
The process of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides.
The process of the cell cycle when the cytoplasm is divided i…
The type of reproduction that requires two parents and produc…
Chromosome
Structures of tightly packed DNA and proteins
Mitosis
The process of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides.
Cell Division and Reproduction
Chromosome
Centromere
Chromatin
Sister Chromatid
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
Coils of DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
replicated forms of chromosomes joined together by the centro…
Chromosome
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
Centromere
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
47 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
somatic
gametes
what is mitosis used for
what is meiosis used for
body cells (ex. liver, lung, skin)
sex cells (egg and sperm)
growth
reproduction
somatic
body cells (ex. liver, lung, skin)
gametes
sex cells (egg and sperm)
25 terms
Life - Cell Division and Reproduction
Fission
Bacteria
Budding
Hydra
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
What organism uses fission?
Type of asexual reproduction where a new organism grows from…
What kind of organism uses budding?
Fission
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
Bacteria
What organism uses fission?
35 terms
Cell Growth, Division and Reproduction
Cell Divison
Interphase
Prophase
Cytokinesis
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of cell division
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
Cell Divison
the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same…
Interphase
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
16 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction Quiz
mitosis
existing
Cyto means___
kinesis means_____
type of cell division; important for growth and healing in or…
"all cells arise from _________cells"
refers to cytoplasm
to move
mitosis
type of cell division; important for growth and healing in or…
existing
"all cells arise from _________cells"
9 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
cell division
mitosis
series of events that take place from one cell division to th…
longest part of the cell cycle, copies hereditary material &…
nucleus divides → cytoplasm separates to form 2 new cells
process in which nucleus divides forming 2 identical nuclei
cell cycle
series of events that take place from one cell division to th…
interphase
longest part of the cell cycle, copies hereditary material &…
24 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2
Chromosomes
- New organelles are made... - New cytoplasm... - Continues everyda…
- Cell replicates its DNA... - Now each chromosome consists of 2…
- Additional growth and preparation for mitosis
Genetic Information is bundled into packages of DNA known as…
G1 Phase
- New organelles are made... - New cytoplasm... - Continues everyda…
S Phase
- Cell replicates its DNA... - Now each chromosome consists of 2…
24 terms
Cell Reproduction/Division
Chromatin
Copy
Chromosomes
Sister Chromatid
Between cell division, DNA is long and stringy... and exists as…
DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division.
In eukaryotes, the DNA wraps around proteins to make compact…
The two copies of DNA make up the two identical halves of chr…
Chromatin
Between cell division, DNA is long and stringy... and exists as…
Copy
DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division.
17 terms
Reproduction and Cell Division
DNA
Chromosomes
Cell cycle
Interphase
Molucle contains the information that determines the traits t…
Visible structures which are held together by a centromere
Life cycle of a eurkaryotic
The part of the cell cycle where the cell is not dividing
DNA
Molucle contains the information that determines the traits t…
Chromosomes
Visible structures which are held together by a centromere
26 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Mitosis
Prophase
Prophase Picture
Metaphase
four phases; prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase
take 50-60 percent of the time to complete mitosis. the chrom…
spindle is forming a fanlike microtubule structures that help…
Only lasts for a few minutes.... The Chromosomes line up across…
Mitosis
four phases; prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase
Prophase
take 50-60 percent of the time to complete mitosis. the chrom…
26 terms
Cell Reproduction and Division
Division Mechanisms
Roles of Mitosis
Why do Cells Divide?
Surface Area vs. Volume
Eukaryotic Organsims:... Mitosis: identical cells/clones... Meiosis…
Multi-celled organisms:... growth and development and cell repla…
Too big:... too much demand is placed on DNA for copying genes t…
increase in size, volume increases... forces mitosis... surface are…
Division Mechanisms
Eukaryotic Organsims:... Mitosis: identical cells/clones... Meiosis…
Roles of Mitosis
Multi-celled organisms:... growth and development and cell repla…
23 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
meiosis
mitosis
testes
ovaries
english... Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sex…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Male gonads
Female Gonads
meiosis
english... Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sex…
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
20 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Parent Cell
Daughter Cell
DNA
Complementary Base Pairs
A cell that is the source of other cells.
Either of the two identical cells that form when a cell divid…
Stands for deoxyribonucleic acid and is shaped like a double…
(skip)
Parent Cell
A cell that is the source of other cells.
Daughter Cell
Either of the two identical cells that form when a cell divid…
35 terms
Cell Reproduction and Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
somatic cell
chromatin
asexual reproduction, no genetic variety
sexual reproduction, genetic variation
normal cell
uncoiled DNA, relaxed DNA
Mitosis
asexual reproduction, no genetic variety
Meiosis
sexual reproduction, genetic variation
18 terms
Cell Reproduction & Division
Cell Reproduction
Mitosis
Why do cells divide?
Chromatin
Cells produce a new generation of themselves. Parents provide…
The reproduction of a cell asexually, kind of like cloning th…
As they get bigger it becomes harder to support and in order…
Uncoiled DNA, if stretched it could be over 2 meters. Coiled…
Cell Reproduction
Cells produce a new generation of themselves. Parents provide…
Mitosis
The reproduction of a cell asexually, kind of like cloning th…
26 terms
Cell Division/Reproduction Vocab
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
cell cycle
organism is able to reproduce on their own
takes two organism - male and female - to reproduce
genetic information that codes for genes
life of a cell from growth and development to cytokinesis
Asexual reproduction
organism is able to reproduce on their own
sexual reproduction
takes two organism - male and female - to reproduce
25 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Fission
Bacteria
Budding
Hydra
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
What organism uses fission?
Type of asexual reproduction where a new organism grows from…
What kind of organism uses budding?
Fission
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
Bacteria
What organism uses fission?
29 terms
Cell Reproduction and Division Review
Reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Vegetative Propagation
Binary Fission
The process used by an individual to produce a new individual…
The process of reproduction requiring only one parent.
A type of reproduction that happens in plants where a new ind…
A type of reproduction that happens in bacteria where a new i…
Reproduction
The process used by an individual to produce a new individual…
Asexual Reproduction
The process of reproduction requiring only one parent.
20 terms
Cellular Reproduction/ Cell division
Asexual Reproduction
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Tumor
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
the division of the cytoplasm to form two separate
a mass of rapidly dividing cells that can damage surrounding…
Asexual Reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Interphase
Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
28 terms
Cell Reproduction/Division
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Centrioles
Interphase
division of the cytoplasm after meiosis and mitosis
one of the two strands of a doubled chromosome
organelle found near the nucleus in animal cells that are inv…
longest stage of the cell cycle where the cell grows, DNA cop…
Cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm after meiosis and mitosis
Chromatid
one of the two strands of a doubled chromosome
25 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
involves mitosis and cytokinesis... a process by which a cell di…
a type of reproduction where offspring arise from a single or…
a type of reproduction where offspring arise from two parents…
are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of anim…
Cell Division
involves mitosis and cytokinesis... a process by which a cell di…
Asexual Reproduction
a type of reproduction where offspring arise from a single or…
13 terms
Cell Division & Reproduction
DNA
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Genetic material inside the cell.
First stage of the cell cycle, where the cell spends most of…
Type of cell division where two identical nuclei are produced.
Division of the cytoplasm.
DNA
Genetic material inside the cell.
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, where the cell spends most of…
22 terms
Reproduction and Cell Division
mitosis
daughter cell
meiosis
gamete
The division of the nucleus of a cell which distributes copie…
A cell produced by cell division.
cell division which produces sex cells.
A sex cell such as an egg or sperm.
mitosis
The division of the nucleus of a cell which distributes copie…
daughter cell
A cell produced by cell division.
15 terms
Cell Reproduction/Division
Parts Of Interphase
cell growth, makes proteins
DNA Replication
growth/replication of organelles
G1, S, G2
G1
S
G2
Parts Of Interphase
G1, S, G2
cell growth, makes proteins
G1
13 terms
Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction
Surface area to volume ratio
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
-period of activity where cells do most of their growing... -cel…
-chromosomes are replicated... -synthesis of DNA... -key proteins a…
Surface area to volume ratio
the larger it is, the harder it is to move nutrients and wast…
Interphase
G1 phase, S phase, G2 phas
30 terms
Cell division and reproduction
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Replication
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
(genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself bef…
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
25 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Fission
Bacteria
Budding
Hydra
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
What organism uses fission?
Type of asexual reproduction where a new organism grows from…
What kind of organism uses budding?
Fission
Type of asexual reproduction where one organism simply splits…
Bacteria
What organism uses fission?
10 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction
Genes
Chromosomes
Interphase
Mitosis
Hereditary units of DNA
Structures in a cell that contain genetic information.
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Cell division
Genes
Hereditary units of DNA
Chromosomes
Structures in a cell that contain genetic information.
61 terms
Cell Division, Genetics, Reproduction
Zygote
Blastula
Mitosis
Meiosis
a fertilized egg, the result of a sperm and egg cell nucleus…
the many celled ball that results after and ovum is fertilized
1 cell divisions... 2 daughter cells... chromosome # 2n
2 cell divisions... 4 daughter cells... chromosome # 1n
Zygote
a fertilized egg, the result of a sperm and egg cell nucleus…
Blastula
the many celled ball that results after and ovum is fertilized
66 terms
Cell Reproduction, Division & Developement
somatic cell
nucleus
cell membrane
chromosome
any cell of the body that isn't a sperm or egg; diploid
central organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains most of t…
a phospholipid bilayer that surrounds a cell
thread-like structure inside the nucleus that's made up of DN…
somatic cell
any cell of the body that isn't a sperm or egg; diploid
nucleus
central organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains most of t…
30 terms
Cell Division and Reproduction Terms
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Replication
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
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