Study sets matching "cell respiration"

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Study sets matching "cell respiration"

Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
ATP and ADP cycle
Anaerobic Respiration
- The process where cells process energy for all activities.…
- Adenosine + 2 phosphate groups... - LESS energy than ATP... - Bec…
ADP turns into ATP from glucose breakdown
Production of ATP without the use of O2
Cell Respiration
- The process where cells process energy for all activities.…
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
- Adenosine + 2 phosphate groups... - LESS energy than ATP... - Bec…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
12 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Krebs Process
ETC
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
Converts pyruvate into Acetyl Co-A, makes ATP, FADH2 and NADH…
Reduces FADH2 & NADH to make 32 ATP and creates H2O as by pro…
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
14 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
18 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
substrate-level
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
Type of phosphorylation where enzymes transfer phosphate from…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
11 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Oxygen
Mitochondria
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, ETC
Is cell respiration an aerobic or anaerobic process?
An aerobic process requreis the presence of ...
The organelle in the cell where cell respiration occurs.
The 3 steps of cell respiration in order are...
Aerobic
Is cell respiration an aerobic or anaerobic process?
Oxygen
An aerobic process requreis the presence of ...
Cell respiration
Cell respiration
Heterotroph
ATP
Aerobic respiration
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to release store…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Respiration that requires oxygen
Cell respiration
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to release store…
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
12 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Structure... (Adenosine trophosphate)
Split Sugar... Happens in the Cytoplasm [Anaerobic Phase]... 1. Add…
- matrix- lose hydrogen and electrons, lose 3 CO2= making 1 A…
A line of proteins embedded in a membrane along which the ele…
a nucleoside triphosphate used in cells as a coenzyme often c…
Glycolysis
Split Sugar... Happens in the Cytoplasm [Anaerobic Phase]... 1. Add…
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
- matrix- lose hydrogen and electrons, lose 3 CO2= making 1 A…
Cell Respiration
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
electron carriers
form of energy cellular energy comes from, adenosine bonded t…
break, , cell hydrolyze bond between 2nd and 3rd phosphate mo…
what is left after hydrolyze, what is left is a molecule of A…
most of the energy is stored as electrons on special molecule…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
form of energy cellular energy comes from, adenosine bonded t…
hydrolyze
break, , cell hydrolyze bond between 2nd and 3rd phosphate mo…
54 terms
Cell Respiration
Pyruvate + NAD+ + CoASH, AcCoA + NADH…
thiamine pyrophosphate, FAD, NAD+, lip…
36 ATP
6 ATP
PDH reaction
needed for PDH, a ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
number of net ATP aerobic respiration
net ATP aerobic glycolysis
Pyruvate + NAD+ + CoASH, AcCoA + NADH…
PDH reaction
thiamine pyrophosphate, FAD, NAD+, lip…
needed for PDH, a ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
17 terms
Cell respiration
cell respiration
oxygen gas
carbon dioxide
oxidation
converting nutrient molecules to ATP energy
needed to accept electrons from ETC
low-energy product of Prep and Krebs Cycle
loss of electrons
cell respiration
converting nutrient molecules to ATP energy
oxygen gas
needed to accept electrons from ETC
Cell Respiration
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Glucose
Oxygen
Where glycolysis occurs within the cell
The organelle where the Krebs cycle and ETC occur within the…
A reactant of cellular respiration that is broken down to pyr…
A reactant of cellular respiration that is required for the K…
cytoplasm
Where glycolysis occurs within the cell
mitochondria
The organelle where the Krebs cycle and ETC occur within the…
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
57 terms
cell respiration
cell respiration
anaerobic respiration
aerobic respiration
glycolysis
means by which cells extract energy stored in food and transf…
when oxygen is not present; glycolysis is followed by alcohol…
when oxygen is present; glycolysis is only the first phase an…
9 step, anaerobic process that breaks down one glucose molecu…
cell respiration
means by which cells extract energy stored in food and transf…
anaerobic respiration
when oxygen is not present; glycolysis is followed by alcohol…
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
12 terms
Cell respiration
Cell respiration
Heterotroph
ATP
Aerobic respiration
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to make energy b…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
main energy source that cells use for most of their work
Respiration that requires oxygen
Cell respiration
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to make energy b…
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
17 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration Formula
Aerobic
anaerobic
obligate aerobic
C6H12O6 + 6O = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
with oxygen
without oxygen
must have oxygen
Cell Respiration Formula
C6H12O6 + 6O = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Aerobic
with oxygen
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Products
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
15 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen.
14 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
7 terms
Cell Respiration
glycolipid
codons
DNA
transcription
A membrane lipid consisting of a glycerol molecule esteried t…
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
A genetic blueprint.... A complex molecule containing the geneti…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
glycolipid
A membrane lipid consisting of a glycerol molecule esteried t…
codons
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
Cell Respiration
Waste products of cell respiration
Reactants of cellular respiration
Products of cellular respiration
Cell Respiration Equation
Water, carbon dioxide, heat
1 Glucose (C6H12O6) and 6 oxygen (O2)
6 Water (H2O) and 6 carbon dioxide (CO2)
C6H12O6 + 6O2 >>>> 6H20 + 6CO2 +ATP
Waste products of cell respiration
Water, carbon dioxide, heat
Reactants of cellular respiration
1 Glucose (C6H12O6) and 6 oxygen (O2)
13 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Requires oxygen, makes 36-38 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
2nd stage of aerobic respiration; makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36-38 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
16 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
mitochondria
matrix
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
The part labeled B, inside the inner mitochondrial membrane,…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
21 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration (glucose spl…
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
21 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
29 terms
Cell Respiration
Where does cell respiration occur?
In what type of cells does cell respir…
What is the purpose of cell respiration?
Equation for cell respiration
In the cytoplasm and the mitochondria
All eukaryotic cells
Uses glucose to make 36 ATP molecules
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36ATP
Where does cell respiration occur?
In the cytoplasm and the mitochondria
In what type of cells does cell respir…
All eukaryotic cells
54 terms
Cell respiration
2nd law of thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
induced fit enzyme model
citric acid cycle
Energy transfers increase entropy
Energy can be transferred, but neither created nor destryed
enzyme changes shape when it attaches to substrate, putting p…
Second major step of cellular respiration. Occurs in the mito…
2nd law of thermodynamics
Energy transfers increase entropy
1st law of thermodynamics
Energy can be transferred, but neither created nor destryed
17 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Metabolism
Heat
Cellular respiration
How does the structure of ATP make it…
All of the chemical reactions involved in sustaining the life…
A byproduct of metabolism and a form of energy that influence…
The enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen…
ATP can easily release and store energy by breaking and re-fo…
Cell Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions involved in sustaining the life…
Heat
A byproduct of metabolism and a form of energy that influence…
21 terms
Cell respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
three steps of aerobic cell respiration
cellular respiration reaction
cell respiration that involves oxygen
cell respiration that does not involve oxygen
1. glycolysis... 2. Krebs cycle... 3. electron transport chain
glucose + oxygen --> water + carbon dioxide
aerobic respiration
cell respiration that involves oxygen
anaerobic respiration
cell respiration that does not involve oxygen
13 terms
Cell Respiration
consumer
heterotroph
photosynthesis
cell respiration
organism that gets its energy from food; also called a hetero…
organism that gets its energy by consuming other organisms; a…
process by which plants capture energy from the sun and turn…
process of using oxygen to break down sugars and produce ATP;…
consumer
organism that gets its energy from food; also called a hetero…
heterotroph
organism that gets its energy by consuming other organisms; a…
18 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Kreb Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
Aerobic Respiration
The breaking down of glucose for energy as well as pyruvic ac…
is a series of chemical reactions to generate energy through…
a series of compounds that transfer electrons from electron d…
Glycolysis
The breaking down of glucose for energy as well as pyruvic ac…
Kreb Cycle
is a series of chemical reactions to generate energy through…
6 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Acetyl-CoA formation or Lactic acid fo…
Citric Acid Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
Anaerobic-Occurring within the cytoplasm of a cell. It requir…
If oxygen is not present for pyruvate to enter into the Citri…
Occurs within the matrix of the mitochondrion.... The two 3 car…
Located in the inner membrane of the mitochondria...the crist…
Glycolysis
Anaerobic-Occurring within the cytoplasm of a cell. It requir…
Acetyl-CoA formation or Lactic acid fo…
If oxygen is not present for pyruvate to enter into the Citri…
Cell Respiration
glycolysis
anaerobic
aerobic
ATP
-it is the breakdown of glucose into pyruvic acid... -it generat…
-no oxygen required... -(example: Glycolysis)
uses oxygen to create a substance known as adenosine triphosp…
Used to transport energy throughout the cell. One of the end…
glycolysis
-it is the breakdown of glucose into pyruvic acid... -it generat…
anaerobic
-no oxygen required... -(example: Glycolysis)
19 terms
Cell respiration
Cell Respiration
Carbon dioxide
oxygen
mitochondrion
the process of making energy from oxygen and glucose
reactant for photosynthesis and a product for cell respiration
product for photosynthesis and a reactant for cell respiration
organelle for cell respiration
Cell Respiration
the process of making energy from oxygen and glucose
Carbon dioxide
reactant for photosynthesis and a product for cell respiration
Cell Respiration
cellular respiration
Enzyme
Metabolism
Influenza
A process that releases energy in the cell by breaking down f…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Chemical reactions that allow food to be converted into usabl…
a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory passag…
cellular respiration
A process that releases energy in the cell by breaking down f…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
12 terms
Cell Respiration
ATP
Structure of the mitochondria
anaerobic resperation (fermentation)
aerobic resperation
-high energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
-krebs cycle is in the matrix... -electron transport chain is in…
-glycolysis... -alcohol or lactic acid fermentation
-glycolysis... -krebs cycle... -electron transport chain
ATP
-high energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
Structure of the mitochondria
-krebs cycle is in the matrix... -electron transport chain is in…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
2 ATP
34 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
Type of respiration the requires oxygen.
Type of respiration that takes place with no oxygen present.…
2 ATP
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
34 ATP
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
10 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
Anaerobic
Location: Outside the mitochondria. Reactants: Glucose. Produ…
Location: Mitochondrial Matrix. Reactants: Pyruvic Acid (2 mo…
Where: Mitochondria Membrane. Reactants: election carriers, O…
Without oxygen
Glycolysis
Location: Outside the mitochondria. Reactants: Glucose. Produ…
Kreb's Cycle
Location: Mitochondrial Matrix. Reactants: Pyruvic Acid (2 mo…
25 terms
cell respiration
oxidation of glucose reaction and delt…
how does the cell degrade glucose?
how much energy does the cell derive f…
why does the phosphoanyhydride bond pr…
C6H12O6+602-->6CO2+6H20 ... -686 kcal/mol
in a stepwise manner, this allows it to store the energy unti…
50%
because it hold negatively charged O together, causing them t…
oxidation of glucose reaction and delt…
C6H12O6+602-->6CO2+6H20 ... -686 kcal/mol
how does the cell degrade glucose?
in a stepwise manner, this allows it to store the energy unti…
Cell Respiration
cell respiration
Steps of Cell Respiration
Anaerobic respiration
glycolysis
the gradual breakdown of nutrients such as glucose and fatty…
1. Glycolysis (no oxygen and no organelles)- glucose in the c…
animals: pyruvate-lactate Ex. exercise, cramps ... plants: ethan…
CCCCCC is phosphorylated (phosphates from ATP create less sta…
cell respiration
the gradual breakdown of nutrients such as glucose and fatty…
Steps of Cell Respiration
1. Glycolysis (no oxygen and no organelles)- glucose in the c…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
main goal of cell respiration
two types of cell respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
make energy(ATP) from frood
- aerobic... - anaerobic
uses free oxygen/ only oxygen
does not use oxygen
main goal of cell respiration
make energy(ATP) from frood
two types of cell respiration
- aerobic... - anaerobic
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