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Study sets matching "cell respiration"

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Study sets matching "cell respiration"

12 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
ATP and ADP cycle
Anaerobic Respiration
- The process where cells process energy for all activities.…
- Adenosine + 2 phosphate groups... - LESS energy than ATP... - Bec…
ADP turns into ATP from glucose breakdown
Production of ATP without the use of O2
Cell Respiration
- The process where cells process energy for all activities.…
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
- Adenosine + 2 phosphate groups... - LESS energy than ATP... - Bec…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
12 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Krebs Process
ETC
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
Converts pyruvate into Acetyl Co-A, makes ATP, FADH2 and NADH…
Reduces FADH2 & NADH to make 32 ATP and creates H2O as by pro…
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
14 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
11 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Oxygen
Mitochondria
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, ETC
Is cell respiration an aerobic or anaerobic process?
An aerobic process requreis the presence of ...
The organelle in the cell where cell respiration occurs.
The 3 steps of cell respiration in order are...
Aerobic
Is cell respiration an aerobic or anaerobic process?
Oxygen
An aerobic process requreis the presence of ...
12 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
Electron Transport Chain
ATP Structure... (Adenosine trophosphate)
Split Sugar... Happens in the Cytoplasm [Anaerobic Phase]... 1. Add…
- matrix- lose hydrogen and electrons, lose 3 CO2= making 1 A…
A line of proteins embedded in a membrane along which the ele…
a nucleoside triphosphate used in cells as a coenzyme often c…
Glycolysis
Split Sugar... Happens in the Cytoplasm [Anaerobic Phase]... 1. Add…
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
- matrix- lose hydrogen and electrons, lose 3 CO2= making 1 A…
20 terms
Cell Respiration
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
electron carriers
form of energy cellular energy comes from, adenosine bonded t…
break, , cell hydrolyze bond between 2nd and 3rd phosphate mo…
what is left after hydrolyze, what is left is a molecule of A…
most of the energy is stored as electrons on special molecule…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
form of energy cellular energy comes from, adenosine bonded t…
hydrolyze
break, , cell hydrolyze bond between 2nd and 3rd phosphate mo…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
Cell Respiration
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Glucose
Oxygen
Where glycolysis occurs within the cell
The organelle where the Krebs cycle and ETC occur within the…
A reactant of cellular respiration that is broken down to pyr…
A reactant of cellular respiration that is required for the K…
cytoplasm
Where glycolysis occurs within the cell
mitochondria
The organelle where the Krebs cycle and ETC occur within the…
20 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
15 terms
Cell Respiration
2 ATP
34 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
Type of respiration the requires oxygen.
Type of respiration that takes place with no oxygen present.…
2 ATP
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
34 ATP
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
7 terms
Cell Respiration
glycolipid
codons
DNA
transcription
A membrane lipid consisting of a glycerol molecule esteried t…
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
A genetic blueprint.... A complex molecule containing the geneti…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
glycolipid
A membrane lipid consisting of a glycerol molecule esteried t…
codons
a sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of…
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
54 terms
Cell Respiration
Pyruvate + NAD+ + CoASH, AcCoA + NADH…
thiamine pyrophosphate, FAD, NAD+, lip…
36 ATP
6 ATP
PDH reaction
needed for PDH, a ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
number of net ATP aerobic respiration
net ATP aerobic glycolysis
Pyruvate + NAD+ + CoASH, AcCoA + NADH…
PDH reaction
thiamine pyrophosphate, FAD, NAD+, lip…
needed for PDH, a ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
19 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration (glucose spl…
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
16 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
mitochondria
matrix
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
The part labeled B, inside the inner mitochondrial membrane,…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
26 terms
Cell Respiration
cell respiration
Steps of Cell Respiration
Anaerobic respiration
glycolysis
the gradual breakdown of nutrients such as glucose and fatty…
1. Glycolysis (no oxygen and no organelles)- glucose in the c…
animals: pyruvate-lactate Ex. exercise, cramps ... plants: ethan…
CCCCCC is phosphorylated (phosphates from ATP create less sta…
cell respiration
the gradual breakdown of nutrients such as glucose and fatty…
Steps of Cell Respiration
1. Glycolysis (no oxygen and no organelles)- glucose in the c…
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
18 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
substrate-level
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
Type of phosphorylation where enzymes transfer phosphate from…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
21 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
14 terms
cell respiration
active site
antibodys
atp
catalyst
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
A protein made by B cells that binds to a specific anyigen
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
something that brings about a change in something else
active site
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
antibodys
A protein made by B cells that binds to a specific anyigen
17 terms
Cell respiration
cell respiration
oxygen gas
carbon dioxide
oxidation
converting nutrient molecules to ATP energy
needed to accept electrons from ETC
low-energy product of Prep and Krebs Cycle
loss of electrons
cell respiration
converting nutrient molecules to ATP energy
oxygen gas
needed to accept electrons from ETC
22 terms
Cell Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
cytoplasm
mitochondria
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
The liquid part of the cell outside the organelles but within…
The organelle where cell respiration occurs; also referred to…
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that happens without oxygen present.
58 terms
cell respiration
cell respiration
anaerobic respiration
aerobic respiration
glycolysis
means by which cells extract energy stored in food and transf…
when oxygen is not present; glycolysis is followed by alcohol…
when oxygen is present; glycolysis is only the first phase an…
9 step, anaerobic process that breaks down one glucose molecu…
cell respiration
means by which cells extract energy stored in food and transf…
anaerobic respiration
when oxygen is not present; glycolysis is followed by alcohol…
21 terms
Cell respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
three steps of aerobic cell respiration
cellular respiration reaction
cell respiration that involves oxygen
cell respiration that does not involve oxygen
1. glycolysis... 2. Krebs cycle... 3. electron transport chain
glucose + oxygen --> water + carbon dioxide
aerobic respiration
cell respiration that involves oxygen
anaerobic respiration
cell respiration that does not involve oxygen
18 terms
Cell Respiration
Glycolysis
Kreb Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
Aerobic Respiration
The breaking down of glucose for energy as well as pyruvic ac…
is a series of chemical reactions to generate energy through…
a series of compounds that transfer electrons from electron d…
Glycolysis
The breaking down of glucose for energy as well as pyruvic ac…
Kreb Cycle
is a series of chemical reactions to generate energy through…
17 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration Formula
Aerobic
anaerobic
obligate aerobic
C6H12O6 + 6O = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
with oxygen
without oxygen
must have oxygen
Cell Respiration Formula
C6H12O6 + 6O = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Aerobic
with oxygen
14 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
19 terms
Cell respiration
Cell Respiration
Carbon dioxide
oxygen
mitochondrion
the process of making energy from oxygen and glucose
reactant for photosynthesis and a product for cell respiration
product for photosynthesis and a reactant for cell respiration
organelle for cell respiration
Cell Respiration
the process of making energy from oxygen and glucose
Carbon dioxide
reactant for photosynthesis and a product for cell respiration
Cell Respiration
cellular respiration
Enzyme
Metabolism
Influenza
A process that releases energy in the cell by breaking down f…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Chemical reactions that allow food to be converted into usabl…
a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory passag…
cellular respiration
A process that releases energy in the cell by breaking down f…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
29 terms
Cell Respiration
Where does cell respiration occur?
In what type of cells does cell respir…
What is the purpose of cell respiration?
Equation for cell respiration
In the cytoplasm and the mitochondria
All eukaryotic cells
Uses glucose to make 36 ATP molecules
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36ATP
Where does cell respiration occur?
In the cytoplasm and the mitochondria
In what type of cells does cell respir…
All eukaryotic cells
54 terms
Cell respiration
2nd law of thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
induced fit enzyme model
citric acid cycle
Energy transfers increase entropy
Energy can be transferred, but neither created nor destryed
enzyme changes shape when it attaches to substrate, putting p…
Second major step of cellular respiration. Occurs in the mito…
2nd law of thermodynamics
Energy transfers increase entropy
1st law of thermodynamics
Energy can be transferred, but neither created nor destryed
17 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Metabolism
Heat
Cellular respiration
How does the structure of ATP make it…
All of the chemical reactions involved in sustaining the life…
A byproduct of metabolism and a form of energy that influence…
The enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen…
ATP can easily release and store energy by breaking and re-fo…
Cell Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions involved in sustaining the life…
Heat
A byproduct of metabolism and a form of energy that influence…
13 terms
Cell Respiration
consumer
heterotroph
photosynthesis
cell respiration
organism that gets its energy from food; also called a hetero…
organism that gets its energy by consuming other organisms; a…
process by which plants capture energy from the sun and turn…
process of using oxygen to break down sugars and produce ATP;…
consumer
organism that gets its energy from food; also called a hetero…
heterotroph
organism that gets its energy by consuming other organisms; a…
12 terms
Cell Respiration
ATP
Structure of the mitochondria
anaerobic resperation (fermentation)
aerobic resperation
-high energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
-krebs cycle is in the matrix... -electron transport chain is in…
-glycolysis... -alcohol or lactic acid fermentation
-glycolysis... -krebs cycle... -electron transport chain
ATP
-high energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
Structure of the mitochondria
-krebs cycle is in the matrix... -electron transport chain is in…
10 terms
Photosynthesis and cell respiration
electron carriers
photosynthesis
cell respiration
mitochondria
NAD+, FAD+ and NADH+
converting water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen
converting sugar and oxygen into energy to do work (ATP), car…
organelle cell respiration takes place in
electron carriers
NAD+, FAD+ and NADH+
photosynthesis
converting water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen
15 terms
Cell Respiration
_ Cellular Respiration __
Inner Membrane
_ Mitochondria
_NADH _
The process in which cells produce chemical energy by breakin…
A Lipid Bilayer on the inside of the Mitochondria.
A cell organelle found most types of cells, in which cellular…
An energy molecule based off the addition of 2 electrons & 1…
_ Cellular Respiration __
The process in which cells produce chemical energy by breakin…
Inner Membrane
A Lipid Bilayer on the inside of the Mitochondria.
18 terms
Cell Respiration
2 ATP
34 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
Type of respiration that requires oxygen.
Type of respiration that takes place with no oxygen present.…
2 ATP
The amount of ATP produced both Glycolysis and the Krebs Cycle
34 ATP
The amount of ATP produced in the Electron Transport Chain
13 terms
Cell Respiration
cell respiration
photosynthesis
sugar
oxygen
conversion of sugar into usable energy by breaking of chemica…
conversion of light energy into chemical energy
____ + oxygen --> water + carbon dioxide + ATP
sugar + ________ --> water + carbon dioxide + ATP
cell respiration
conversion of sugar into usable energy by breaking of chemica…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy into chemical energy
15 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
9 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Waste products of cell respiration
Alcoholic fermentation
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
Water, carbon dioxide, heat
product of yeast during anaerobic respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
20 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
11 terms
Cell Respiration
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Cell Respiration Equation
Process where the energy of glucose is released in the cell f…
Requires oxygen.
No oxygen.
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -----> 6 CO2 + 6H2O + 36 ATP
Cell Respiration
Process where the energy of glucose is released in the cell f…
Aerobic
Requires oxygen.
15 terms
Cell Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis Process
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
1st process of aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Splits glucose into 2 pyruvate, makes 2 ATP
Aerobic Respiration
Requires oxygen, makes 36 ATP
Anaerobic Respiration
Doesn't require oxygen, makes 2 ATP
7 terms
Cell Respiration
autotroph
heterotrophs
ATP
ADP
organism, such as a plant, that makes it own food using light…
organisms, such as animals, that cannot make their own food a…
the compound in which energy released by cellular respiration…
the lower energy compound remaining after one phosphate group…
autotroph
organism, such as a plant, that makes it own food using light…
heterotrophs
organisms, such as animals, that cannot make their own food a…
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