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Study sets matching "cell structure prokaryotic cells"

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Study sets matching "cell structure prokaryotic cells"

29 terms
Prokaryotic cells and cell structure
.5-2 micro m in diameter
10-50 mmicro m in diameter
Better at gathering scarce nutrients
Faster growth rates
prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
.5-2 micro m in diameter
prokaryotes
10-50 mmicro m in diameter
Eukaryotes
10 terms
Cell Structure - Prokaryotic Cell
Cytoplasm (similar to eukaryotic)
Cytoskeleton
Primary role is locomotion, also a sen…
Ribosomes (identical function to E. Ce…
Except does not contain organelles, contains a cytoskeleton
Helps to divide and maintain shape, it is the framework which…
Flagellum
Smaller and have slightly different shape and composition, ha…
Cytoplasm (similar to eukaryotic)
Except does not contain organelles, contains a cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton
Helps to divide and maintain shape, it is the framework which…
Prokaryotic Cell (Structure & Function)
Nucleoid
Ribosome
Mesosome
Cell wall
DNA in concerntrated area
Protein synthesis
Increases surface area to allow metabolic activity
Protection and structure
Nucleoid
DNA in concerntrated area
Ribosome
Protein synthesis
19 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Types of Cocci
Types of Bacillus
Types of Spiral Bacteria
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
**Vibrio is technically a bacillus, the other two are spiral…
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
Types of Cocci
79 terms
eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell structure
major components of eukaryotic cell me…
since some eukaryotic cells do not hav…
eukaryotic cell membrane have ___, whi…
function difference between prokaryoti…
phospholipids and protein
osmotic pressure
sterols ; cholesterol
energy production will occur in a separate location in eukary…
major components of eukaryotic cell me…
phospholipids and protein
since some eukaryotic cells do not hav…
osmotic pressure
13 terms
Prokaryotic Cells Structure + Functions
Prokaryotic cells contain
nucleoid region containing DNA function
ribosomes function
pili function
- nucleoid region containing DNA... - ribosomes... - pili ... - capsul…
- assists with growth and development of the cell... - biologica…
- make proteins (proteins repair damage + direct chemical pro…
- attach bacterial cells to specific surfaces or other cells…
Prokaryotic cells contain
- nucleoid region containing DNA... - ribosomes... - pili ... - capsul…
nucleoid region containing DNA function
- assists with growth and development of the cell... - biologica…
10 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
give an example of a prokaryotic cell…
what do prokaryotic cells usually incl…
what is the genetic material like in b…
what is prokaryotes cell wall made of?
bacteria, unicellular, no membrane bound orbanelles, asexual…
genetic material, cell wall, slime capsual, cytoplasm, plasms…
plasid DNA with no histones- ( helps aid survival of bacteris…
peptidoglycan
give an example of a prokaryotic cell…
bacteria, unicellular, no membrane bound orbanelles, asexual…
what do prokaryotic cells usually incl…
genetic material, cell wall, slime capsual, cytoplasm, plasms…
15 terms
Prokaryotic Cell: Structure and Function
Capsule
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Outside protective covering made of protein
Gives structure and support to the cell
Allows certain materials to be transferred in and out of the…
Jelly like structure that contains all of the organelles
Capsule
Outside protective covering made of protein
Cell Wall
Gives structure and support to the cell
7 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure/organelles
What type of organelle does the prokar…
Do prokaryotes have larger or smaller…
How is genetic material organised in t…
What is the cell wall of a prokaryotic…
Membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm.
Smaller. 70S.
The prokaryote lacks a nucleus so DNA is arranged in a circul…
Murein. A glycoprotein.
What type of organelle does the prokar…
Membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm.
Do prokaryotes have larger or smaller…
Smaller. 70S.
9 terms
~The prokaryotic cell Structure
capsule
plasma membrane
cell wall
DNA of nucleoid
...
...
...
...
capsule
...
plasma membrane
...
External Structure of Prokaryotic cells
Flagella
Monotrichous
Amphitrichous
Lophotrichous
Long, thin, helical appendages that help move the bacteria cell
Single flagellum located at one end, or pole
Flagella at both ends
Bacterium has two or more flagella on either end of its cell
Flagella
Long, thin, helical appendages that help move the bacteria cell
Monotrichous
Single flagellum located at one end, or pole
63 terms
(1) Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Bacteria are the only known __________…
Prokaryotic Cell vs. Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic: Nucleus
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic: Chromosomes
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic... - contain no nucleus... - include bacteria... Eukaryoti…
Prokaryotic... - One CIRCULAR chromosome, not in a nucleus... Eukar…
Proaryotic... - Haploid (one chromosome)... Eukaryotic... - Diploid (a…
Bacteria are the only known __________…
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell vs. Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic... - contain no nucleus... - include bacteria... Eukaryoti…
32 terms
Eukaryotes/Prokaryotes and Cell Structure
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cells
cell function
Bacteria... No nucleus
Cells with a nucleus... All organisms in the kingdoms Protista,…
Basic unit of life... The basic unit of structure and function i…
cell shape will be determined by
Prokaryotes
Bacteria... No nucleus
Eukaryotes
Cells with a nucleus... All organisms in the kingdoms Protista,…
32 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
Flagella
Atrichous
Monotrichous
Peritrichous
What is made up of proteins called flagellins (that form line…
Cells having no flagella
Cells having only one flagellum
Cells having flagella arranged non uniformly over their surface
Flagella
What is made up of proteins called flagellins (that form line…
Atrichous
Cells having no flagella
43 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Shapes of prokaryotic cells
Functions of the plasma membrane
bacterial membranes
peripheral membrane proteins
cocci... rods... spirals... pleomorphic
Separation of cell from its environment, retains the cytoplas…
Lack the sterols found in eukaryotic membranes. ... Do contain h…
Loosely associated with the membrane & easily removed.
Shapes of prokaryotic cells
cocci... rods... spirals... pleomorphic
Functions of the plasma membrane
Separation of cell from its environment, retains the cytoplas…
119 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Nucleus
Chloramphenical
Clostridium tetani
Diplococcus
Prokaryotic means before a __
Antibiotics including erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracyclin…
Endospore - forming______produces a neurotoxin that causes te…
Referring to the arrangement and shape of these bacterial cel…
Nucleus
Prokaryotic means before a __
Chloramphenical
Antibiotics including erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracyclin…
42 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
nanobacteria
coccus
bacillus
diplococci
bacteria less than 0.2 um in length
spherical cell shape
rod shaped cell
pairs of coccus bacteria
nanobacteria
bacteria less than 0.2 um in length
coccus
spherical cell shape
48 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Prokaryote
mycolic
binary fission
Capsule
_______________ cell walls almost always made up of complex o…
Acid fast bacteria cell walls are made up of ____________ aci…
Prokaryotes usually divide by ___________ ___________.
The outermost layer of a prokaryote cell that is firmly attac…
Prokaryote
_______________ cell walls almost always made up of complex o…
mycolic
Acid fast bacteria cell walls are made up of ____________ aci…
19 terms
Classification and structure of Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotes
Nucleoid region
Archaea
Bacteria
do not contain membrane-bound organelles; they organize their…
are often extremophiles, living in harsh environments (high t…
have many similar structures to eukaryotes, and have complex…
Prokaryotes
do not contain membrane-bound organelles; they organize their…
Nucleoid region
27 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Types of Cocci
Types of Bacillus
Types of Spiral Bacteria
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
**Vibrio is technically a bacillus, the other two are spiral…
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
Types of Cocci
20 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
prokaryotic means
prokaryotic cells only pertain to
they lack
the capsule is made of
before nucleus
bacteria
membrane bound organelles
polysaccharides
prokaryotic means
before nucleus
prokaryotic cells only pertain to
bacteria
32 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
Three Domain System
Taxonomy
Four kingdoms of Eukarya
Binomial nomenclature
Domain Bacteria, Domain Archaea, Domain Eukarya
Science of identifying, naming, and classifying... organisms bas…
Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists
is a formal system of naming species of living things by givi…
Three Domain System
Domain Bacteria, Domain Archaea, Domain Eukarya
Taxonomy
Science of identifying, naming, and classifying... organisms bas…
183 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
What is a prokaryotic cell
What is the typical cell structure of…
Describe Planctomycetes
How do prokaryotes differ from eukaryo…
cells having a type of structure characterized by the lack of…
Prokaryotic cells (cells having a type of structure character…
bacterial phylum ... cells that have a membrane surrounding thei…
in traits including ... size ... lack of internal membrane systems
What is a prokaryotic cell
cells having a type of structure characterized by the lack of…
What is the typical cell structure of…
Prokaryotic cells (cells having a type of structure character…
44 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure - 2420
Differentiate between prokaryotic & eu…
Classify the following groups of organ…
What are the advantages to having a sm…
Why is it important to know the differ…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus or membrane bound organelles; single,…
>Fungi - Euk.... >Animals - Euk.... >Plants - Euk.... >Protistans - Eu…
Small cell size allows cells to grow faster & multiply rapidl…
It allows to control disease causing bacteria without harming…
Differentiate between prokaryotic & eu…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus or membrane bound organelles; single,…
Classify the following groups of organ…
>Fungi - Euk.... >Animals - Euk.... >Plants - Euk.... >Protistans - Eu…
53 terms
Classification and Structure of Prokaryotic Cells
prokaryotes
no membrane-bound organelles, genetic…
nucleoid region
Archaea, bacteria, and eukarya
___________ are the simplest of all organisms
Distinct characteristics of prokaryotes:
Where is the DNA of prokaryotes found?
What are the three domains of life?
prokaryotes
___________ are the simplest of all organisms
no membrane-bound organelles, genetic…
Distinct characteristics of prokaryotes:
60 terms
Prokaryote and Eukaryote Cell Structure
Nuclear envelope
Peptidoglycan
Introns
Methionine
Holds genetic content. Absent in prokaryotes and Archea only…
Only present in prokaryote cell walls. Absent in Eukaryotes a…
Present in eukaryotic DNA, almost absent in Prokaryotes or ve…
The initiating amino acid in mRNA translation and the formati…
Nuclear envelope
Holds genetic content. Absent in prokaryotes and Archea only…
Peptidoglycan
Only present in prokaryote cell walls. Absent in Eukaryotes a…
40 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cells are about ___ times…
Prokaryotic cells are ____ compared to…
Prokaryotic cells reproduce by what?
All ___ and ___ are prokaryotes.
10, eukaryotic
simple, eukaryotic
binary fission
bacteria and archaea.
Prokaryotic cells are about ___ times…
10, eukaryotic
Prokaryotic cells are ____ compared to…
simple, eukaryotic
9 terms
PROKARYOTIC CELL STRUCTURE
What does a eukaryotic cell have that…
cell wall
capsule
cell-surface membrane
a nucleus
physical barrier that excludes certain substances and protect…
protects cell from other cells and helps groups of bacteria s…
acts as a differentially permeable layer, which controls the…
What does a eukaryotic cell have that…
a nucleus
cell wall
physical barrier that excludes certain substances and protect…
17 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleoid
Capsule
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Cells that contain a nucleus.
Contains most to all of the cell's DNA, some RNA, and protein…
Layer of polysaccharide (and sometimes proteins) that protect…
Prokaryotic
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Eukaryotic
Cells that contain a nucleus.
11 terms
Structure of cell II (Prokaryotic Cells)
Nucleoid
Ribosomes
Storage Granules
Endospore
region within the bacteria visible in transmission electron m…
Protein synthesis takes places at the bacterial ribosome. Mes…
nutrients and reserves may be stored in these cytoplasmic inc…
bundling genetic material in a touch internal structure struc…
Nucleoid
region within the bacteria visible in transmission electron m…
Ribosomes
Protein synthesis takes places at the bacterial ribosome. Mes…
30 terms
111 - Structure of Prokaryotic Cell
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
F-plasmids cause resistance to antibio…
Ribosomes of procaryotes contain 5S-rRNA
N
Y
N
Y
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
N
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
Y
11 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structures
Prokaryotic Bacteria Cell
Bacterial Chromosome
Cytoplasm
Nucleoid Region
- circular chromosome... - holds DNA... - floating in cytoplasm... - 1…
- contains liquid called CYTOSOL... - Cytosol has dissolved mate…
Location in cytoplasm where DNA is stored
Prokaryotic Bacteria Cell
Bacterial Chromosome
- circular chromosome... - holds DNA... - floating in cytoplasm... - 1…
9 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
cell wall
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
ribosome
細胞壁
質膜
細胞質
核糖體
cell wall
細胞壁
plasma membrane
質膜
10 terms
Structure & function of prokaryotic cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Give four examples of structural featu…
2. Although structurally simple, why a…
Chlorophyll A
Have a simple structure and lack internal compartments.
1. Semirigid cell wall that surrounds the plasma membrane,... *p…
Prokaryotes are significantly more diverse ... "spontaneous mut…
...
Prokaryotic Cells
Have a simple structure and lack internal compartments.
Give four examples of structural featu…
1. Semirigid cell wall that surrounds the plasma membrane,... *p…
7 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Plasma Membrane
Flagellum
Ribosomes
RNA
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Locomotion
Sites of protein production
Protein Synthesis
Plasma Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Flagellum
Locomotion
9 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structures
Nucleoid
Ribosome
Mesosome
Cell wall
DNA in concerntrated area
Protein synthesis
Increases surface area to allow metabolic activity
Protection and structure
Nucleoid
DNA in concerntrated area
Ribosome
Protein synthesis
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Coccus
Bacillus
Spirillum
Diplo
spherical shaped cell
Rod- Shaped Cell
Corkscrew shaped cell
Cell joined in 2's
Coccus
spherical shaped cell
Bacillus
Rod- Shaped Cell
113 terms
Microbial & Prokaryotic Cell Structure
literal meaning of prokaryote
prokaryote
literal meaning of eukaryote
eukaryote
before the kernel
cell that lacks a nucleus
true kernel
cell that has a true nucleus
literal meaning of prokaryote
before the kernel
prokaryote
cell that lacks a nucleus
11 terms
Prokaryotic Cells Structure/Function
Flagellum
Pilus (Pili)
Ribosome/Polysome
Mesosome
Structure: Whip like, protrudes from cell. Function: Move cel…
Structure: Hair like appendage found on surface. Function: At…
Structure: Two subunits made of RNA and protein; 70S size. Fu…
Structure: Foldings of plasma membrane inside cell. Function:…
Flagellum
Structure: Whip like, protrudes from cell. Function: Move cel…
Pilus (Pili)
Structure: Hair like appendage found on surface. Function: At…
9 terms
Prokaryotic Cell structure
Bacteria
Pili(pl) or pilus(s)
Ragella
Cell wall
Only known organisms that have prokaryotic (single celled) st…
Hairlike structures that surround prokaryotic cells and used…
Longer whip-like structure used for movement
A tough layer made of protein that protects and supports the…
Bacteria
Only known organisms that have prokaryotic (single celled) st…
Pili(pl) or pilus(s)
Hairlike structures that surround prokaryotic cells and used…
9 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Chromosome (nucleoid region)
Pilli
Ribosomes
Prokaryotic Flagellum
DNA - Controls cell's activities
Attachment to surfaces / for sex (conjugation)
Protein synthesis
Locomotion
Chromosome (nucleoid region)
DNA - Controls cell's activities
Pilli
Attachment to surfaces / for sex (conjugation)
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Cell Wall
Flagellum
Capsule
Ribosomes
Composed of murein, rigid to keep the cell in shape
A whip-like tail used for movement
A protective outer layer, slimy for movement, which guards ag…
Smaller than eukaryotic ribosomes
Cell Wall
Composed of murein, rigid to keep the cell in shape
Flagellum
A whip-like tail used for movement
15 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure?
Flagellum
Cell membrane-
Plasma membrane-
Cell wall-
Aids cellular locomotion.... Long hair- like structure that rota…
Surrounds cells cytoplasm and regulates the flow of substance…
Mainly made up of lipids and proteins. Controls the movement…
Outer covering of most cells that protects the bacterial cell…
Flagellum
Aids cellular locomotion.... Long hair- like structure that rota…
Cell membrane-
Surrounds cells cytoplasm and regulates the flow of substance…
26 terms
Prokaryotic cell structures
Glycocalyx
Slime Layer
Capsule
Biofilm
External sugar coating... A gelatinous polymer surrounding a cel…
Unorganized substance & loosely attached to cell... Attaches/adh…
Substance is organized and firmly attached to the cell... Protec…
Slimy layer of cell wall covering rocks, ect. to make slimy b…
Glycocalyx
External sugar coating... A gelatinous polymer surrounding a cel…
Slime Layer
Unorganized substance & loosely attached to cell... Attaches/adh…
11 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
cell wall
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleoid
peptidoglycan or murein
phospholipid bilayer + proteins
water, ions, proteins (enzymes) storage substances
naked loop of dna
cell wall
peptidoglycan or murein
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer + proteins
13 terms
Structure of Prokaryotic Cell
Glycocalyx
Capsule
Slime Layer
Flagella
Outside cell wall, sticky; help bacteria attach to other bact…
Form of Glycocalyx; Neatly organized, slippery, prevents phag…
Form of Glycocalyx; Sticky, unorganized, extracellular polysa…
Made of chains of flagellin, attached to a protein hook and a…
Glycocalyx
Outside cell wall, sticky; help bacteria attach to other bact…
Capsule
Form of Glycocalyx; Neatly organized, slippery, prevents phag…
15 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Prokaryotic nucleoid
Prokaryotic plasmid
Inclusions
Ribosomes
-Region where DNA is located... -Usually singular circular chrom…
-Small, extra piece of genetic material... -5-100 genes... -Not cri…
-Reserve deposits... -Gas vacuoles ... -Magnetosomes... -Carboxysomes
-Sites of protein synthesis... -Found in cytoplasm or plasma mem…
Prokaryotic nucleoid
-Region where DNA is located... -Usually singular circular chrom…
Prokaryotic plasmid
-Small, extra piece of genetic material... -5-100 genes... -Not cri…
65 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
prokaryote
flagella
flagella
monotrichous... lophotrichous... amphitricho…
absence of nuclear membrane
locomotor appendage
flagellin base hook and filament
flagella example/types
prokaryote
absence of nuclear membrane
flagella
locomotor appendage
10 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
ribosomes
cytoplasm
pili
flagella
synthesize polypeptides
region of cell within the membrane
allow cells to attach to surfaces and each other (forms conju…
allow movement (motility)
ribosomes
synthesize polypeptides
cytoplasm
region of cell within the membrane
8 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Cytoplasm
Nucleoid
Flagella
Cytoskeleton
The region where many metabolic reations occur
Storage of genetic material/information, the site of DNA repl…
Assists in movement and play a role in sexual conjunction
The frame that gives shape to the cell
Cytoplasm
The region where many metabolic reations occur
Nucleoid
Storage of genetic material/information, the site of DNA repl…
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