Study sets matching "cell structure prokaryotic cells"

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Study sets matching "cell structure prokaryotic cells"

29 terms
Prokaryotic cells and cell structure
.5-2 micro m in diameter
10-50 mmicro m in diameter
Better at gathering scarce nutrients
Faster growth rates
prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
.5-2 micro m in diameter
prokaryotes
10-50 mmicro m in diameter
Eukaryotes
14 terms
Prokaryotic Cell: Structure and Function
Capsule
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Outside protective covering made of protein
Gives structure and support to the cell
Allows certain materials to be transferred in and out of the…
Jelly like structure that contains all of the organelles
Capsule
Outside protective covering made of protein
Cell Wall
Gives structure and support to the cell
Prokaryotic Cell (Structure & Function)
Nucleoid
Ribosome
Mesosome
Cell wall
DNA in concerntrated area
Protein synthesis
Increases surface area to allow metabolic activity
Protection and structure
Nucleoid
DNA in concerntrated area
Ribosome
Protein synthesis
Prokaryotic cell structure
Cell wall
Plasma Membrane
1 Chromosome
Nucleoid
Used for protection and support (No cellulose).
Located inside cell wall.
Just a continuous double strand of DNA.
The region where the DNA is localized.
Cell wall
Used for protection and support (No cellulose).
Plasma Membrane
Located inside cell wall.
10 terms
Cell Structure - Prokaryotic Cell
Cytoplasm (similar to eukaryotic)
Cytoskeleton
Primary role is locomotion, also a sen…
Ribosomes (identical function to E. Ce…
Except does not contain organelles, contains a cytoskeleton
Helps to divide and maintain shape, it is the framework which…
Flagellum
Smaller and have slightly different shape and composition, ha…
Cytoplasm (similar to eukaryotic)
Except does not contain organelles, contains a cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton
Helps to divide and maintain shape, it is the framework which…
79 terms
eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell structure
major components of eukaryotic cell me…
since some eukaryotic cells do not hav…
eukaryotic cell membrane have ___, whi…
function difference between prokaryoti…
phospholipids and protein
osmotic pressure
sterols ; cholesterol
energy production will occur in a separate location in eukary…
major components of eukaryotic cell me…
phospholipids and protein
since some eukaryotic cells do not hav…
osmotic pressure
19 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Types of Cocci
Types of Bacillus
Types of Spiral Bacteria
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
**Vibrio is technically a bacillus, the other two are spiral…
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
Types of Cocci
Prokaryotic Cells Structure + Functions
Prokaryotic cells contain
nucleoid region containing DNA function
ribosomes function
pili function
- nucleoid region containing DNA... - ribosomes... - pili ... - capsul…
- assists with growth and development of the cell... - biologica…
- make proteins (proteins repair damage + direct chemical pro…
- attach bacterial cells to specific surfaces or other cells…
Prokaryotic cells contain
- nucleoid region containing DNA... - ribosomes... - pili ... - capsul…
nucleoid region containing DNA function
- assists with growth and development of the cell... - biologica…
Prokaryotic Cell: Structure and Function
Capsule
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Outside protective covering made of protein
Gives structure and support to the cell
Allows certain materials to be transferred in and out of the…
Jelly like structure that contains all of the organelles
Capsule
Outside protective covering made of protein
Cell Wall
Gives structure and support to the cell
32 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
Flagella
Atrichous
Monotrichous
Peritrichous
What is made up of proteins called flagellins (that form line…
Cells having no flagella
Cells having only one flagellum
Cells having flagella arranged non uniformly over their surface
Flagella
What is made up of proteins called flagellins (that form line…
Atrichous
Cells having no flagella
~The prokaryotic cell Structure
capsule
plasma membrane
cell wall
DNA of nucleoid
...
...
...
...
capsule
...
plasma membrane
...
20 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
prokaryotic means
prokaryotic cells only pertain to
they lack
the capsule is made of
before nucleus
bacteria
membrane bound organelles
polysaccharides
prokaryotic means
before nucleus
prokaryotic cells only pertain to
bacteria
64 terms
Microbiology: Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Cell Size of Prokaryotic Cell
Coccus (cocci)
Bacillus (bacilli)
Spirilla
0.2-2.0 micrometers in diameter... 2.0- 8.0 micrometers in lengt…
Roughly round, spherical
Rod shaped
Rigid spiral (doesnt bend/flex)
Cell Size of Prokaryotic Cell
0.2-2.0 micrometers in diameter... 2.0- 8.0 micrometers in lengt…
Coccus (cocci)
Roughly round, spherical
40 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cells are about ___ times…
Prokaryotic cells are ____ compared to…
Prokaryotic cells reproduce by what?
All ___ and ___ are prokaryotes.
10, eukaryotic
simple, eukaryotic
binary fission
bacteria and archaea.
Prokaryotic cells are about ___ times…
10, eukaryotic
Prokaryotic cells are ____ compared to…
simple, eukaryotic
119 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Nucleus
Chloramphenical
Clostridium tetani
Diplococcus
Prokaryotic means before a __
Antibiotics including erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracyclin…
Endospore - forming______produces a neurotoxin that causes te…
Referring to the arrangement and shape of these bacterial cel…
Nucleus
Prokaryotic means before a __
Chloramphenical
Antibiotics including erythromycin, streptomycin, tetracyclin…
43 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Shapes of prokaryotic cells
Functions of the plasma membrane
bacterial membranes
peripheral membrane proteins
cocci... rods... spirals... pleomorphic
Separation of cell from its environment, retains the cytoplas…
Lack the sterols found in eukaryotic membranes. ... Do contain h…
Loosely associated with the membrane & easily removed.
Shapes of prokaryotic cells
cocci... rods... spirals... pleomorphic
Functions of the plasma membrane
Separation of cell from its environment, retains the cytoplas…
42 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
nanobacteria
coccus
bacillus
diplococci
bacteria less than 0.2 um in length
spherical cell shape
rod shaped cell
pairs of coccus bacteria
nanobacteria
bacteria less than 0.2 um in length
coccus
spherical cell shape
Eukaryotes/Prokaryotes and Cell Structure
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cells
cell function
Bacteria... No nucleus
Cells with a nucleus... All organisms in the kingdoms Protista,…
Basic unit of life... The basic unit of structure and function i…
cell shape will be determined by
Prokaryotes
Bacteria... No nucleus
Eukaryotes
Cells with a nucleus... All organisms in the kingdoms Protista,…
17 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleoid
Capsule
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Cells that contain a nucleus.
Contains most to all of the cell's DNA, some RNA, and protein…
Layer of polysaccharide (and sometimes proteins) that protect…
Prokaryotic
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Eukaryotic
Cells that contain a nucleus.
48 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Prokaryote
mycolic
binary fission
Capsule
_______________ cell walls almost always made up of complex o…
Acid fast bacteria cell walls are made up of ____________ aci…
Prokaryotes usually divide by ___________ ___________.
The outermost layer of a prokaryote cell that is firmly attac…
Prokaryote
_______________ cell walls almost always made up of complex o…
mycolic
Acid fast bacteria cell walls are made up of ____________ aci…
183 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
What is a prokaryotic cell
What is the typical cell structure of…
Describe Planctomycetes
How do prokaryotes differ from eukaryo…
cells having a type of structure characterized by the lack of…
Prokaryotic cells (cells having a type of structure character…
bacterial phylum ... cells that have a membrane surrounding thei…
in traits including ... size ... lack of internal membrane systems
What is a prokaryotic cell
cells having a type of structure characterized by the lack of…
What is the typical cell structure of…
Prokaryotic cells (cells having a type of structure character…
10 terms
prokaryotic cell structure
give an example of a prokaryotic cell…
what do prokaryotic cells usually incl…
what is the genetic material like in b…
what is prokaryotes cell wall made of?
bacteria, unicellular, no membrane bound orbanelles, asexual…
genetic material, cell wall, slime capsual, cytoplasm, plasms…
plasid DNA with no histones- ( helps aid survival of bacteris…
peptidoglycan
give an example of a prokaryotic cell…
bacteria, unicellular, no membrane bound orbanelles, asexual…
what do prokaryotic cells usually incl…
genetic material, cell wall, slime capsual, cytoplasm, plasms…
11 terms
Structure of cell II (Prokaryotic Cells)
Nucleoid
Ribosomes
Storage Granules
Endospore
region within the bacteria visible in transmission electron m…
Protein synthesis takes places at the bacterial ribosome. Mes…
nutrients and reserves may be stored in these cytoplasmic inc…
bundling genetic material in a touch internal structure struc…
Nucleoid
region within the bacteria visible in transmission electron m…
Ribosomes
Protein synthesis takes places at the bacterial ribosome. Mes…
27 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Types of Cocci
Types of Bacillus
Types of Spiral Bacteria
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
**Vibrio is technically a bacillus, the other two are spiral…
Three Different Bacterial Shapes
Cocci, Bacillus, Spiral
Types of Cocci
63 terms
(1) Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Bacteria are the only known __________…
Prokaryotic Cell vs. Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic: Nucleus
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic: Chromosomes
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic... - contain no nucleus... - include bacteria... Eukaryoti…
Prokaryotic... - One CIRCULAR chromosome, not in a nucleus... Eukar…
Proaryotic... - Haploid (one chromosome)... Eukaryotic... - Diploid (a…
Bacteria are the only known __________…
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell vs. Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic... - contain no nucleus... - include bacteria... Eukaryoti…
External Structure of Prokaryotic cells
Flagella
Monotrichous
Amphitrichous
Lophotrichous
Long, thin, helical appendages that help move the bacteria cell
Single flagellum located at one end, or pole
Flagella at both ends
Bacterium has two or more flagella on either end of its cell
Flagella
Long, thin, helical appendages that help move the bacteria cell
Monotrichous
Single flagellum located at one end, or pole
30 terms
111 - Structure of Prokaryotic Cell
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
F-plasmids cause resistance to antibio…
Ribosomes of procaryotes contain 5S-rRNA
N
Y
N
Y
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
N
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
Y
7 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure/organelles
What type of organelle does the prokar…
Do prokaryotes have larger or smaller…
How is genetic material organised in t…
What is the cell wall of a prokaryotic…
Membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm.
Smaller. 70S.
The prokaryote lacks a nucleus so DNA is arranged in a circul…
Murein. A glycoprotein.
What type of organelle does the prokar…
Membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm.
Do prokaryotes have larger or smaller…
Smaller. 70S.
32 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function
Three Domain System
Taxonomy
Four kingdoms of Eukarya
Binomial nomenclature
Domain Bacteria, Domain Archaea, Domain Eukarya
Science of identifying, naming, and classifying... organisms bas…
Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists
is a formal system of naming species of living things by givi…
Three Domain System
Domain Bacteria, Domain Archaea, Domain Eukarya
Taxonomy
Science of identifying, naming, and classifying... organisms bas…
53 terms
Classification and Structure of Prokaryotic Cells
prokaryotes
no membrane-bound organelles, genetic…
nucleoid region
Archaea, bacteria, and eukarya
___________ are the simplest of all organisms
Distinct characteristics of prokaryotes:
Where is the DNA of prokaryotes found?
What are the three domains of life?
prokaryotes
___________ are the simplest of all organisms
no membrane-bound organelles, genetic…
Distinct characteristics of prokaryotes:
Prokaryotic Cell Structure - 2420
Differentiate between prokaryotic & eu…
Classify the following groups of organ…
What are the advantages to having a sm…
Why is it important to know the differ…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus or membrane bound organelles; single,…
>Fungi - Euk.... >Animals - Euk.... >Plants - Euk.... >Protistans - Eu…
Small cell size allows cells to grow faster & multiply rapidl…
It allows to control disease causing bacteria without harming…
Differentiate between prokaryotic & eu…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus or membrane bound organelles; single,…
Classify the following groups of organ…
>Fungi - Euk.... >Animals - Euk.... >Plants - Euk.... >Protistans - Eu…
Classification and structure of Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotes
Nucleoid region
Archaea
Bacteria
do not contain membrane-bound organelles; they organize their…
are often extremophiles, living in harsh environments (high t…
have many similar structures to eukaryotes, and have complex…
Prokaryotes
do not contain membrane-bound organelles; they organize their…
Nucleoid region
11 terms
Prokaryotic cell Structure
Pili
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Plasma Membrane
...
...
...
...
Pili
...
Cytoplasm
...
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Capsule (Slime Layer)
Chromosome
Plasmid
Flagellum
Enhances bacteria to cause diseases
Contains bacteria's genes
Genes separate from chromosome
Enable movement (whip-like)
Capsule (Slime Layer)
Enhances bacteria to cause diseases
Chromosome
Contains bacteria's genes
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Cell membrane
Mesosome
Pilus
Plasmid
controls what enters and leaves the cell
infolding of the cell memebrane
allow cells to stick
small loops of circular DNA
Cell membrane
controls what enters and leaves the cell
Mesosome
infolding of the cell memebrane
11 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Nucleoid region
Genome (genophore) (chromosome)
Plasmid
Ribosome
Structure: Area in the centre of cell... Function: holds DNA
Structure: A long double strand of DNA usually in one large c…
Structure: small circular DNA fragments in cytoplasm.... Circula…
Structure: small irregular shapes. Protein in ribosomal RNA (…
Nucleoid region
Structure: Area in the centre of cell... Function: holds DNA
Genome (genophore) (chromosome)
Structure: A long double strand of DNA usually in one large c…
10 terms
Biology Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Plasmid
Flagellum
Ribosomes
Pilus
genes that are separate from the other DNA (chromosomes.) May…
some bacteria having long whip like projections that enable m…
site of protein synthesis
extension of plasma membrane that helps bacteria stick it sur…
Plasmid
genes that are separate from the other DNA (chromosomes.) May…
Flagellum
some bacteria having long whip like projections that enable m…
9 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Chromosome (nucleoid region)
Pilli
Ribosomes
Prokaryotic Flagellum
DNA - Controls cell's activities
Attachment to surfaces / for sex (conjugation)
Protein synthesis
Locomotion
Chromosome (nucleoid region)
DNA - Controls cell's activities
Pilli
Attachment to surfaces / for sex (conjugation)
Structure of Prokaryotic Cell
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
F-plasmids cause resistance to antibio…
Ribosomes of procaryotes contain 5S-rRNA
n
y
n
y
All procaryotic cells have cell wall
n
Procaryotic nucleoid contains HLP prot…
y
8 terms
BIOLOGY - Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Prokaryote
Capsule
Cell Wall
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Bacteria that are unicellular organisms that do not have a nu…
Sticky capsule around cell wall that helps some bacteria caus…
Gives cell its shape, prevents osmosis. ... 2nd layer from outside
3rd layer from outside
Prokaryote
Bacteria that are unicellular organisms that do not have a nu…
Capsule
Sticky capsule around cell wall that helps some bacteria caus…
113 terms
Microbial & Prokaryotic Cell Structure
literal meaning of prokaryote
prokaryote
literal meaning of eukaryote
eukaryote
before the kernel
cell that lacks a nucleus
true kernel
cell that has a true nucleus
literal meaning of prokaryote
before the kernel
prokaryote
cell that lacks a nucleus
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Fimbriae
ribosomes
cell wall
cell membrane
fine hair-like bristles that help in adhesion to other cells…
protein "factories"
a semirigid casing that provides structural support and shape…
a lipid and protein lining that surrounds the cytoplasm and r…
Fimbriae
fine hair-like bristles that help in adhesion to other cells…
ribosomes
protein "factories"
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Coccus
Bacillus
Spirillum
Diplo
spherical shaped cell
Rod- Shaped Cell
Corkscrew shaped cell
Cell joined in 2's
Coccus
spherical shaped cell
Bacillus
Rod- Shaped Cell
11 terms
Prokaryotic cell structure
Plasma membrane
Cell wall
Glycocalyx
Cytoplasm
Has phospholipids and protiens to help regulate materials tha…
Made of peptidoglycan that supports and keeps the shape of th…
Made of polysaccharides and helps to protect and attach the c…
A semi fluid solution made of water and organic and inorganic…
Plasma membrane
Has phospholipids and protiens to help regulate materials tha…
Cell wall
Made of peptidoglycan that supports and keeps the shape of th…
11 terms
Prokaryotic Cells Structure/Function
Flagellum
Pilus (Pili)
Ribosome/Polysome
Mesosome
Structure: Whip like, protrudes from cell. Function: Move cel…
Structure: Hair like appendage found on surface. Function: At…
Structure: Two subunits made of RNA and protein; 70S size. Fu…
Structure: Foldings of plasma membrane inside cell. Function:…
Flagellum
Structure: Whip like, protrudes from cell. Function: Move cel…
Pilus (Pili)
Structure: Hair like appendage found on surface. Function: At…
Prokaryotic Cell Structure & Function
Capsule
Ribosomes
Cell wall
Nucleoid Region (DNA)
Sticky, jellylike, protective layer outside the cell wall
Where proteins are synthesized
rigid structure, outside the plasma membrane, that surrounds,…
Where the cell's DNA containing the genes that control the ce…
Capsule
Sticky, jellylike, protective layer outside the cell wall
Ribosomes
Where proteins are synthesized
Prokaryotic Cell structure
Bacteria
Pili(pl) or pilus(s)
Ragella
Cell wall
Only known organisms that have prokaryotic (single celled) st…
Hairlike structures that surround prokaryotic cells and used…
Longer whip-like structure used for movement
A tough layer made of protein that protects and supports the…
Bacteria
Only known organisms that have prokaryotic (single celled) st…
Pili(pl) or pilus(s)
Hairlike structures that surround prokaryotic cells and used…
22 terms
Eukaryotic/prokaryotic cell structure
Archaea
Actin filaments
Bacteria
Cell wall
1 of the 2 divisions of prokaryotes. Usually found in unfrien…
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globe sh…
1 of the 2 divisions of prokaryotes. Some species cause disea…
Mechanically strong layer made of fibers that are placed by a…
Archaea
1 of the 2 divisions of prokaryotes. Usually found in unfrien…
Actin filaments
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globe sh…
7 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Pili
Ribosomes
Capsule
Cell Wall
Small strands on surface
Dots
Shell
2nd layer of cell
Pili
Small strands on surface
Ribosomes
Dots
50 terms
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
bacterial membranes differ from eukary…
functions of cell wall (4)
lies outside the plasma membrane
__ have thick cell wall
hopanoids which promote fluidity
provides shape, protects the cell, pathogenicity, dictates gr…
cell wall
Gram +
bacterial membranes differ from eukary…
hopanoids which promote fluidity
functions of cell wall (4)
provides shape, protects the cell, pathogenicity, dictates gr…
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