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Study sets matching "cell transport biology"

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Study sets matching "cell transport biology"

13 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
85 terms
Biology: Cell Unit / Transport
Cell Theory
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
1. All living things are made up of cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protec…
Jelly-like substance within a cell; The portion of the cell o…
Where proteins are made; they can be either free or attached…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made up of cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protec…
15 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Transport
homeostasis
concentration
diffusion
osmosis
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex…
the strength of a solution; the amount of solute dissolved in…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from…
homeostasis
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex…
concentration
the strength of a solution; the amount of solute dissolved in…
23 terms
Biology - Cell Transport
Active Transport
Carrier Proteins
Concentration Gradient
Contractile Vacuoles
movement of a substance across a cell membrane using energy a…
A protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
Difference in the amount of a substance in a space or between…
An organelle found in protists, such as paramecium, used to e…
Active Transport
movement of a substance across a cell membrane using energy a…
Carrier Proteins
A protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
23 terms
Honors Biology cell transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Passive Transport
equilibrium
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
movement of molecules into and out of a cell that does not re…
concentration of molecules equal throughout a space
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
Concentration Gradient
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
35 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
15 terms
Biology: Cell Transport
Concentration
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
Diffusion
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
the process of molecular movement which does not require energy
the net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Concentration
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
Concentration gradient
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
2.) Cell Biology and Cell Transport
P(rokaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Fungi have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Animals have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
P(rokaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
E(ukaryotic)
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
43 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Transport
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Plasmid
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Small, circular, self-replicating segment of DNA in bacteria
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
28 terms
Biology: Cells & Cell Transport
Cell Theory
Zaccharias Johnson
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leewenbock
1) All living things are made up from at least one cell... 2) Ce…
Fist microscope
Named cells after prison "cells"
single lens microscope, discovered a new world of tiny living…
Cell Theory
1) All living things are made up from at least one cell... 2) Ce…
Zaccharias Johnson
Fist microscope
45 terms
Biology- cells and cell transport
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
hypotonic solution
Movement of particles from an area of HIGHER concentration to…
substances cross the cell membrane with the help of special c…
diffusion of WATER from an area of HIGHER concentration to an…
a solution or environment surrounding a cell that has LESS di…
diffusion
Movement of particles from an area of HIGHER concentration to…
facilitated diffusion
substances cross the cell membrane with the help of special c…
14 terms
Biology Unit: Cell Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Aquaporin
Osmosis
The process where molecules move from an area of high concent…
Molecules pass across the cell membrane through special prote…
Water channel proteins that allow water to pass through the m…
The diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane.
Diffusion
The process where molecules move from an area of high concent…
Facilitated diffusion
Molecules pass across the cell membrane through special prote…
35 terms
AP Biology Cell Transport
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
penetrate the hydrophobic core and often span the membrane
Bound to the inner or outer surfaces of the membrane and are…
Selectively Permeable
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
38 terms
4-Cell/Transport- Biology
Cell
Eukaryote
Nucleus
Prokaryote
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
Control center of the cell
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
Cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
18 terms
Unit 2: Cell Biology- Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
23 terms
BCHS Biology Cell Transport
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
lipid
In comparing two solutions, referring to the one with a great…
In comparing two solutions, referring to the one with a lower…
When the concentration of two solutions is the same
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
hypertonic
In comparing two solutions, referring to the one with a great…
hypotonic
In comparing two solutions, referring to the one with a lower…
22 terms
Biology Cell Transportation
Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Movement of MOLECULES from area of high concentration to an a…
Diffusion of WATER through a semipermeable membrane from a pl…
Concentration of solutes outside the cell is higher than the…
Concentration of solutes outside the cell is lower than the c…
Diffusion
Movement of MOLECULES from area of high concentration to an a…
Osmosis
Diffusion of WATER through a semipermeable membrane from a pl…
13 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
14 terms
Cell Transport- Biology
Cell Membrane... aka Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Phospholipid Bilayer Sketch
What else is in the membrane?
The "Gatekeeper"... Controls what enters and leaves the cell... Sel…
Head- polar(charge); Phosphate; Hydrophobic(water-loving);... Po…
Cholesterol/Carbohydrates- provides support and flexibility... P…
Cell Membrane... aka Plasma Membrane
The "Gatekeeper"... Controls what enters and leaves the cell... Sel…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Head- polar(charge); Phosphate; Hydrophobic(water-loving);... Po…
81 terms
Cells & Cell Transport - Biology
organelle
nucleus
ribosome (4)
cell membrane (9)
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
Where proteins are made
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
nucleus
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
45 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Transport in cells
Diffusion
What happens in diffusion?
What is 'net movement'
In diffusion particles move
Substances move into and out of cells.... Across the cell membra…
Spreading out of particles.... Of any substance.... In Solution or…
Overall movement of particles.... Resultant movement.... = particle…
From High to low concentration.
Diffusion
Substances move into and out of cells.... Across the cell membra…
What happens in diffusion?
Spreading out of particles.... Of any substance.... In Solution or…
30 terms
Biology - Cell Transport
active transport
homeostasis
osmosis
cell membrane
balance
active transport
homeostasis
balance
17 terms
RHS Biology Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
33 terms
AP Biology Cell Transport
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
penetrate the hydrophobic core and often span the membrane
Bound to the inner or outer surfaces of the membrane and are…
Selectively Permeable
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
34 terms
Cell Transport - Biology
Diffusion
Concentration
Dynamic Equilibrium
Three main factors that affect rate of…
Net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
The amount of a substance in a particular area.
When particles have mixed completely. They are still moving b…
Concentration... Temperature... Pressure
Diffusion
Net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
Concentration
The amount of a substance in a particular area.
25 terms
Cell Biology and Cell Transport
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
Biogenesis
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Living things come from non-living things ... (i.e. maggots from…
Living things come from other living things
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells make other ce…
Cells without membrane-bound organelles or a nucleus... (i.e. ba…
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
Living things come from non-living things ... (i.e. maggots from…
Biogenesis
Living things come from other living things
11 terms
BIOLOGY - CELL TRANSPORT
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE... (SEMI-PERMEABLE)
CYTOLYSIS
CRENATION
PLASMOLYSIS
refers to a membrane that allows certain molecules to pass th…
swelling and bursting of an ANIMAL cell when placed in a HYPO…
shrinking of an ANIMAL cell when placed in a HYPERTONIC solut…
shrinking away of the cell membrane from the cell wall in a P…
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE... (SEMI-PERMEABLE)
refers to a membrane that allows certain molecules to pass th…
CYTOLYSIS
swelling and bursting of an ANIMAL cell when placed in a HYPO…
40 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Transport
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Plasmid
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Small, circular, self-replicating segment of DNA in bacteria
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
Cell Transport / Biology
Phospholipid Molecules
Intergral vs Peripheral
6 Functions of Membrane Proteins
Carbohydrates on the Membrane
Lipid molecules that are aligned in two layers. The "head" pa…
Intergral proteins are embedded in the bilayer while peripher…
Transport, enzymatic activity, signal transduction (receptors…
They are attached to proteins facing outside of the cell and…
Phospholipid Molecules
Lipid molecules that are aligned in two layers. The "head" pa…
Intergral vs Peripheral
Intergral proteins are embedded in the bilayer while peripher…
Biology Cell Structure and Transport
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Basic functional unit of all living things
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
13 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Cell Transport
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Semi-Permeable
Transport requires energy.... Low to high concentration.... Materia…
Transport doesn't require energy.... High to low concentration.…
Movement of materials from an area of high to low concentrati…
Selectively permeable.
Active Transport
Transport requires energy.... Low to high concentration.... Materia…
Passive Transport
Transport doesn't require energy.... High to low concentration.…
50 terms
biology cells and cell transport
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Eukaryote examples
Prokaryote Examples
Membrane Bound Organelles... Nucleus... Bigger in size due to more…
No membrane bound organelles... No nucleus... Smaller in size
Plant, Animal, Protist, Fungi
Bacteria
Eukaryote
Membrane Bound Organelles... Nucleus... Bigger in size due to more…
Prokaryote
No membrane bound organelles... No nucleus... Smaller in size
18 terms
Biology Cell Transport
Homeostasis
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable
Passive Transport
necessity of an organism to maintain a stable condition
regulates the passage of material into and out of the cell, m…
selectively permeable
process by which substances move across a cell membrane, occu…
Homeostasis
necessity of an organism to maintain a stable condition
Cell Membrane
regulates the passage of material into and out of the cell, m…
30 terms
AP Biology Cell Transport
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
penetrate the hydrophobic core and often span the membrane
not embedded in the cell membrane
Selectively Permeable
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
12 terms
Cell Biology; Transport
Active transport
Concentration gradient
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Movement of a substance across a membrane that does require e…
Scale measuring the amount of a substance across a space
Movement of substances from high to low concentration - no en…
Larger particles are moved into the cell using vescicles
Active transport
Movement of a substance across a membrane that does require e…
Concentration gradient
Scale measuring the amount of a substance across a space
12 terms
MCAT Biology - Cell Transport
What are the three types of cell trans…
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic Solution
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
The diffusion of solvent particles(H20) across a semipermeabl…
when the concentration of solute particles outside the cell i…
What are the three types of cell trans…
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
Simple Diffusion
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
13 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Transport
homeostasis
concentration
diffusion
osmosis
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex…
the strength of a solution; the amount of solute dissolved in…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from…
homeostasis
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex…
concentration
the strength of a solution; the amount of solute dissolved in…
21 terms
Biology Cells and Transport - Organelles
Golgi apparatus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
Mitochondria
Several folded membranes, looks like a stack of pancakes, is…
Located in the center of the nucleus, creates ribosomes
Small clumps of RNA and protein created in the nucleolus and…
Creates usable energy for the cell, looks like an oval with f…
Golgi apparatus
Several folded membranes, looks like a stack of pancakes, is…
Nucleolus
Located in the center of the nucleus, creates ribosomes
12 terms
MCAT Biology - Cell Transport
What are the three types of cell trans…
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic Solution
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
The diffusion of solvent particles(H20) across a semipermeabl…
when the concentration of solute particles outside the cell i…
What are the three types of cell trans…
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
Simple Diffusion
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
34 terms
BIOLOGY - CELLS/TRANSPORT
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEUS
NUCLEOLUS
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
Double membrane structure in a eukaryotic cell that contains…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing cells where…
CELL
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
35 terms
AP Biology: Cell Membrane and Transport
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
A transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region.
12 terms
Biology: Cell Transport
What are the three types of cell trans…
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic Solution
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
The diffusion of solvent particles(H20) across a semipermeabl…
when the concentration of solute particles outside the cell i…
What are the three types of cell trans…
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
Simple Diffusion
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
20 terms
Biology Section 3.3: Cell Transport
Concentration
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
Diffusion
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
the process of molecular movement which does not require energy
the net movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Concentration
the amount of the substance (solute) dissolved in a unit of t…
Concentration gradient
the difference in concentration of a particular molecule betw…
25 terms
Biology - Cell Transport Vocabulary
Active Transport
Isotonic
Fluid Mosaic
Homeostasis
Moving things across the cell membrane USING the cell's own e…
A solution that has the same concentration as the inside of t…
The cell membrane is made up of not only phospholipids but ot…
Processes where a cell maintains an even internal environment.
Active Transport
Moving things across the cell membrane USING the cell's own e…
Isotonic
A solution that has the same concentration as the inside of t…
16 terms
Biology cell transport
structure of cell membrane
cell membrane
phospholipids
plasma membrane
separates living cell from environment, controls traffic in a…
forms bilayer, have a polar hydrophilic HEADS are (water lovi…
holds cell together, control what goes in and out, protects c…
structure of cell membrane
cell membrane
separates living cell from environment, controls traffic in a…
17 terms
Biology: Cell Transport Vocabulary
Concentration Gradient
Dynamic Equalibrium
Solution
Solvent
The difference between the two concentrations
When the concentrations have equalled out
Contains both solvent and solute
What the solute is dissolved in
Concentration Gradient
The difference between the two concentrations
Dynamic Equalibrium
When the concentrations have equalled out
19 terms
Biology - Homeostasis & Cell Transport
Passive Transport (def)
Passive Transport (ex)
Active Transport (def)
Active Transport (ex)
When substances move across the cell membrane without using a…
- Diffusion... - Osmosis... - Facilitated Diffusion... - Ion Channels
The movement of materials across the cell membrane up the con…
- Cell membrane pumps... - Endocytosis... - Exocytosis
Passive Transport (def)
When substances move across the cell membrane without using a…
Passive Transport (ex)
- Diffusion... - Osmosis... - Facilitated Diffusion... - Ion Channels
53 terms
Biology Cell Transport Vocab
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic
The diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane, wi…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
A solution with a solute concentration lower than that of the…
Passive Transport
The diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane, wi…
Diffusion
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
26 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Transport
prokaryote
eukaryote
selectively permeable
organ
a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
one that allows certain molecules or ions to pass through it…
group of different types of tissues that work together to per…
prokaryote
a single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus…
eukaryote
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
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