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Study sets matching "cells and biology energy"

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Study sets matching "cells and biology energy"

19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
15 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
30 terms
BIOLOGY-- Cells and Cell Energy
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Substrate
Isotonic
Hypotonic
35 terms
Cell Energy: AP Biology
Catabolism
Anabolism
Enthalpy
Entropy
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
total energy
total disorder
Catabolism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Anabolism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
25 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
83 terms
Biology--"Cells", Biology Energy
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Diagram of Prokaryote
Diagram of Eukaryote (animal)
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Prokaryotic Cells
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
33 terms
Biology 2: Cell Energy
ADP
ATP
autotroph
heterotroph
The compound that remains when a phosphate group is removed f…
main energy source that cells use for most of their work
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organisms that cannot make their own food and must feed on ot…
ADP
The compound that remains when a phosphate group is removed f…
ATP
main energy source that cells use for most of their work
35 terms
Cell Energy: AP Biology
Catabolism
Anabolism
Enthalpy
Entropy
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
total energy
total disorder
Catabolism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy
Anabolism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
21 terms
Biology Cell Energy Terms
ATP
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
30 terms
BIOLOGY- WHS- Brown- Cells and Cell Energy
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Substrate
Isotonic
Hypotonic
60 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cells and Energy
chemical energy
ATP
food
phosphate group is removed
All cells need
Chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by
Energy to make ATP comes from
Energy carried by ATP is released when
chemical energy
All cells need
ATP
Chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by
98 terms
Biology: Cell Energy
chemical reaction
reactants
products
endergonic reactions
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
substances that enter into the reaction
substances that are produced by the reaction
- energy of products is greater than energy of reactants... - en…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
reactants
substances that enter into the reaction
34 terms
Cell Biology/Cell Energy
I can define "matter"
and "energy".
I know the smallest unit of life
and the shared characteristics of all…
everything, made up of atoms
the ability to do work
cell
ribsomes, cell membrane, DNA, cytoplasm
I can define "matter"
everything, made up of atoms
and "energy".
the ability to do work
9 terms
Biology: Cells Release Energy
Aerobic Respiration
Mitochondria
Cristae
Intermembrane Compartment
Biochemical pathway that extracts energy from glucose in the…
An organelle used for the biochemical processes of respiratio…
Double membrane of the mitochondria, with a layer being folde…
The region between the inner membrane and the outer membrane…
Aerobic Respiration
Biochemical pathway that extracts energy from glucose in the…
Mitochondria
An organelle used for the biochemical processes of respiratio…
18 terms
Cell Energy- Biology #3
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)- adenosin…
adenosin triphosphate (ATP)- adenosin…
aerobic- aerobico
anaerobic- anaerobico
low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
process that requires oxygen to occur
process that does not require oxygen to occur
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)- adenosin…
low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
adenosin triphosphate (ATP)- adenosin…
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
13 terms
Biology Energy in Cells Vocbulary
Phosphorylation
ATP-ADP cycle
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
The process of combining ADP with free phosphates
The cyclical breaking of ATP bonds to release energy, forming…
The process by which plants use the energy from sunlight to p…
An organism capable of producing its own food.
Phosphorylation
The process of combining ADP with free phosphates
ATP-ADP cycle
The cyclical breaking of ATP bonds to release energy, forming…
15 terms
Biology - Chapter 4: Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
High energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
Low energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
High energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
ADP
Low energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
24 terms
Thompson Biology-Cells and Energy
What is energy?
What is the equation for energy?
What are the two major types of energy?
What is kinetic energy?What is an exam…
the ability to do work
Force x Distance
Kinetic and Potential
The energy of motion; thermal energy and light are examples o…
What is energy?
the ability to do work
What is the equation for energy?
Force x Distance
30 terms
BIOLOGY- WHS- Brown/Chieffo- Cells and Cell Energy
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Substrate
Isotonic
Hypotonic
66 terms
Biology- Cell Energy
what is a producer?
what is an example of a producer?
what is a consumer?
what is an example of a consumer?
Photosynthetic organisms
plants, algae, and some bacteria
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
animals and humans
what is a producer?
Photosynthetic organisms
what is an example of a producer?
plants, algae, and some bacteria
44 terms
Biology Cell energy and stuff
Homeostasis
Optimal Point
98.6
Isotonic
"Steady state". Dynamic Equilibrium
The point at which a cell functions at its best
Optimal Temperature for humans
No net movement, the concentration of solutes outside the is…
Homeostasis
"Steady state". Dynamic Equilibrium
Optimal Point
The point at which a cell functions at its best
12 terms
Biology Cell Energy Formulas
What is the chemical formula for gluco…
What is the general equation for Cellu…
What is the chemical equation for Glyc…
What is the chemical equation for Kreb…
C6H12O6
C6H12O6 + 6O2 >> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 38 ATP
C6H12O6 + 2ATP >> 4ATP + 2 pyruvic acids + 2NADH... 2 ATP and 2…
2 pyruvic acids + 2CoA + 2NAD+ >> 2CO2 + 2acetylCoA + 2NADH
What is the chemical formula for gluco…
C6H12O6
What is the general equation for Cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 >> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 38 ATP
20 terms
EHS - Biology - Cell Energy
Chemical
ATP
Phosphorylation
Carrier molecule
Type of energy stored in bonds of molecules
The primary energy molecule
The cycle of creating ATP from ADP
Molecules that transport protons and electrons
Chemical
Type of energy stored in bonds of molecules
ATP
The primary energy molecule
19 terms
Biology: Ch.4 Cells and Energy
1. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
2. ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
3. Chemosynthesis
4. Photosynthesis
High-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
Low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
High-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
2. ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
Low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
40 terms
Biology- Cells and Energy
Glucose is built during the second sta…
One thing that is used by photosynthesis
Aerobic respiration requires
In respiration the energy from glucose…
calvin
light
oxygen
ATP
Glucose is built during the second sta…
calvin
One thing that is used by photosynthesis
light
49 terms
Cells and Energy (Biology)
Producers
Energy Pyramid
Trophic levels
Food chain
Make their own food
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one…
The levels of the food chain through which energy flows from…
A series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eatin…
Producers
Make their own food
Energy Pyramid
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one…
23 terms
Biology Cells and Energy
Glycolysis
ATP - adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
anaerobic process in which glucose is broken down into two mo…
high energy molecule that contains within its bonds, energy t…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
light absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organism
Glycolysis
anaerobic process in which glucose is broken down into two mo…
ATP - adenosine triphosphate
high energy molecule that contains within its bonds, energy t…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cells and Energy
1.ATP
2.ADP
3.Chemosynthesis
4.Photosynthesis
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the a…
process by which some organisms use chemical energy to make e…
process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars tha…
1.ATP
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
2.ADP
lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the a…
5 terms
Biology Cell Energy B
chloroplast
photosynthesis
respiration
glucose
green organelle that is the site of photosynthesis
series of reactions that convert light energy into chemical e…
the metabolic reactions that release energy from nutrients
the 6 carbon sugar made by photosynthesis and broken down by…
chloroplast
green organelle that is the site of photosynthesis
photosynthesis
series of reactions that convert light energy into chemical e…
12 terms
Biology Cells and Energy Quiz
autotrophs
heterotrophs
What do cells need energy for??
photosynthesis
-"self eaters"... -make food from inorganic compounds (carbon, d…
-"other eaters"... -must eat food to get energy... -consumers
-Growth... -Warmth... -Cell division... -Chemical reactions... -Repair... -M…
-uses sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into s…
autotrophs
-"self eaters"... -make food from inorganic compounds (carbon, d…
heterotrophs
-"other eaters"... -must eat food to get energy... -consumers
19 terms
Biology Ch. 4 Cells and Energy
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
32 terms
Biology Test- Cells and Energy
How is energy released?
What happens to the molecule after it…
Which biomolecule is most commonly use…
Which biomolecule provides the most AT…
When a phosphate group is released
It is recycled from ADP into ATP
Carbohydrates
Lipids
How is energy released?
When a phosphate group is released
What happens to the molecule after it…
It is recycled from ADP into ATP
19 terms
Biology: Ch.4 Cells and Energy
1. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
2. ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
3. Chemosynthesis
4. Photosynthesis
High-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
Low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
High-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
2. ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
Low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
20 terms
Biology cells and energy
Atp
Adp
Chemosyntosis
Autotrophs
Adenosene triphosphate
Adenosine diphosphate
Process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead o…
Organisms that can make/synthesize their own food; plants, so…
Atp
Adenosene triphosphate
Adp
Adenosine diphosphate
23 terms
Biology Cells and Energy Vocab
Phtotsynthesis
Light reaction
Dark Reaction (Calvin Cycle)
ATP
Process by which light energy converted to chemical energy; p…
The reaction that occurs as the first phase of photosynthesis…
The cycle of reactions (the Calvin cycle) that occurs in the…
High-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
Phtotsynthesis
Process by which light energy converted to chemical energy; p…
Light reaction
The reaction that occurs as the first phase of photosynthesis…
16 terms
Cell Energy and Processes - Biology
aer/o
aqu
co, con, com
dia
air; oxygen
water
with; together
day(Latin); Through (Greek)
aer/o
air; oxygen
aqu
water
29 terms
Biology Cells and Energy
ATP
ATP Synthase
Alcoholic Fermentation
ADP
Molecule that is the main energy source that cells use direct…
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
Anaerobic process performed by yeasts and a few other microor…
A molecule that can be converted into ATP through the additio…
ATP
Molecule that is the main energy source that cells use direct…
ATP Synthase
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
23 terms
Biology Cells and Energy (Smith)
ATP
It releases energy and it becomes ADP
Lipids- 146 ATP
6CO2 + 6H2O ------> C6H12O6 + 6O2
adenosine triphosphate; highest form of energy a cell can hav…
What happens when a phosphate group is removed from ATP?
What is the food molecule that provides the largest amount of…
the equation for photosynthesis
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; highest form of energy a cell can hav…
It releases energy and it becomes ADP
What happens when a phosphate group is removed from ATP?
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
Biology Chapter 4 : Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
:adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule that acts as the…
:low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
:process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
:the process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sun…
ATP
:adenosine triphosphate, an organic molecule that acts as the…
ADP
:low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP.
26 terms
Cell Energy- Biology
ATP
Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
ATP making process in which a molecule of glucose broken in h…
The second stage of cellular respiration, occurring in the ma…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Cellular respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
49 terms
Biology Cells and Energy Test
Chemical Energy
Metabolism
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds
all of the chemical processes that build up or break down mat…
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
Chemical Energy
energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds
Metabolism
all of the chemical processes that build up or break down mat…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 7 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
A lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
A process by which some organisms use chemical energy to make…
A proceds that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
A lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy (w/images)
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
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