Study sets matching "cells and energy"

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Study sets matching "cells and energy"

Cell Energy
first law of energy
Flow of Energy
autotrophs
heterotrphs
energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only convert fr…
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
consume chemical energy (food) to produce cellular energy; ob…
first law of energy
energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only convert fr…
Flow of Energy
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
Cell Energy
Chloroplast
Glucose
Carbon Dioxide
Chlorophyll
part of the plant where photosynthesis occurs.
a simple sugar created by plants
gas taken in by plants
pigment that absorbs sunlight
Chloroplast
part of the plant where photosynthesis occurs.
Glucose
a simple sugar created by plants
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
20 terms
Cell Energy - Energy Unit
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
The process of releasing energy from food without the use of…
Cellular Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
Photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
13 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
respiration
chlorophyll
chloroplast
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
the process of breaking down simple food molecules to release…
green pigment in chloroplasts that allows sunlight to be capt…
organelle found in plant cells; where photosynthesis occurs
photosynthesis
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
respiration
the process of breaking down simple food molecules to release…
cell energy
ATP
photosynthesis
chloroplast
cell respiration
Chemical energy in cells.
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
It is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds…
ATP
Chemical energy in cells.
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
15 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
respiration
chlorophyll
chloroplast
a cell process used by producers/autotrophs; turns sunlight e…
a cell process used by producers and consumers to create ATP…
green pigment in producers that allows sunlight to be capture…
organelle found in plant cells; where photosynthesis occurs
photosynthesis
a cell process used by producers/autotrophs; turns sunlight e…
respiration
a cell process used by producers and consumers to create ATP…
28 terms
Cell Transport/Cell Energy
Passive Transport
Passive
Active Transport
Energy
The type of transport that does not require energy from the c…
Diffusion and Osmosis are both examples of what kind of trans…
The type of transport that requires energy (ATP) to move subs…
What is ATP?
Passive Transport
The type of transport that does not require energy from the c…
Passive
Diffusion and Osmosis are both examples of what kind of trans…
7 terms
cells and energy
diffusion
semipermeable
osmosis
passive transport
the movement of a substance from a area that is crowded to an…
having tiny pores or holes so that only certain molecules can…
the movement of water through a cell membrane.
the movement of material through a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of a substance from a area that is crowded to an…
semipermeable
having tiny pores or holes so that only certain molecules can…
5 terms
Cells and Energy
Cellular respiration
ATP
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
A series of chemical reactions that transforms the energy in…
Molecules that form from the breakdown of glucose that cells…
A series of chemical reactions in some organisms that uses li…
The organelle that uses light energy to make food from water…
Cellular respiration
A series of chemical reactions that transforms the energy in…
ATP
Molecules that form from the breakdown of glucose that cells…
cell energy
Reactants
Products
Heterotroph
Autotroph
the starting materials in a chemical reaction left side of eq…
the things made by the reaction
An organism that obtains their own food and cannot make its o…
An organism that makes its own food
Reactants
the starting materials in a chemical reaction left side of eq…
Products
the things made by the reaction
54 terms
Cells and Energy
- Aerobic
- Anabolism
- Anaerobic
- ADP - adenosine diphosphate
a metabolic process that uses oxygen
metabolism that builds up molecules
a metabolic process that does not involve oxygen
a used energy molecule in the cell
- Aerobic
a metabolic process that uses oxygen
- Anabolism
metabolism that builds up molecules
28 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
25 terms
Cells and Energy
Element
molecule
compound
chemical equation
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom of a specific…
Two or more atoms joined together. The atoms can be the same…
A specific type of molecule made of two or more different ele…
a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom of a specific…
molecule
Two or more atoms joined together. The atoms can be the same…
Cell Energy - Energy Unit, cell energy
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Alcoholic Fermentation
Using energy from the sun to make glucose and oxygen
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
The process of releasing energy from food without the use of…
Making ATP in A yeast cell without oxygen... One glucose only…
Photosynthesis
Using energy from the sun to make glucose and oxygen
Aerobic Respiration
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
39 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
cytoplasm
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
structure where fermentation occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
14 terms
Cells and Energy
cellular respiration
gycolysis
fermentation
photosynthesis
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
a process by which glucose, a sugar, is broken down into smal…
a reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to o…
a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, wat…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
gycolysis
a process by which glucose, a sugar, is broken down into smal…
26 terms
Cell Energy
Chloroplast
Endergonic
Exergonic
Catabolic
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A chemical reaction that requires the input of energy in orde…
Chemical reactions that release energy
A process in which large molecules are broken down
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Endergonic
A chemical reaction that requires the input of energy in orde…
26 terms
Energy and the Cell
photosynthesis
chloroplast
thylakoid
granum
process that converts light energy to chemical energy
organelle where photosynthesis happens
membranes inside the chloroplast
stacks of thylakoids
photosynthesis
process that converts light energy to chemical energy
chloroplast
organelle where photosynthesis happens
27 terms
Cell Energy
anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
2 ATP
Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation & Lactic Acid F…
produces ATP without oxygen
How many ATP are produced in anaerobic respiration?
What is another name for anaerobic respiration?
What are two types of anaerobic respiration?
anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
produces ATP without oxygen
2 ATP
How many ATP are produced in anaerobic respiration?
Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A molecule that transfer energy from the breakdown of food mo…
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by light energy is converted to chemical energy; prod…
ATP
A molecule that transfer energy from the breakdown of food mo…
ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
energy in cells
heterotrophs
autotrophs
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Organisms that are able to make their own food
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
8 terms
Cells & Energy
ADP
ATP
cellular respiration
photosynthesis
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
ADP
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
9 terms
Cells & Energy
active transport
atp
cellular respiration
chlorophyll
the movement of particles through cell membranes with energy
a form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
process by which a cell releases energy from food
a substance in chloroplasts that absorbs light energy and all…
active transport
the movement of particles through cell membranes with energy
atp
a form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
29 terms
Cell Energy
C6H12O6
H20
CO2
O2
glucose
water
carbon dioxide
oxygen
C6H12O6
glucose
H20
water
25 terms
Cell Energy
ATP
Glucose
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
An important compound that cells use to store and release ene…
An organic compound that is the main product of photosynthesi…
Organisms that get their food by eating other living things.
Organisms that make their own food through photosynthesis.
ATP
An important compound that cells use to store and release ene…
Glucose
An organic compound that is the main product of photosynthesi…
34 terms
Cell Energy
ATP
Cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Adenosine Triphosphate
The process that releases energy from food
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular respiration
The process that releases energy from food
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Cells and Cell Energy
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Substrate
Isotonic
Hypotonic
15 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis - Reactants
Photosynthesis - Products
Using sunlight energy to create stored chemical energy in the…
The breakdown of sugars by mitochondria to produce ATP energy…
carbon dioxide (CO2) + water (H20)
glucose sugar (C6H12O6) + oxygen (O2)
Photosynthesis
Using sunlight energy to create stored chemical energy in the…
Cellular Respiration
The breakdown of sugars by mitochondria to produce ATP energy…
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
16 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
50 terms
Cell Energy
Flow of Energy
autotrophs
heterotrphs
Living things need_______ energy.
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
consume chemical energy (food) to produce cellular energy; ob…
ATP
Flow of Energy
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
autotrophs
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
21 terms
Cell Energy and Cell Transport
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Conversion of light energy into chemical energy (carbohydrate…
Occurs inside the chloroplast
Releases chemical energy from sugars and other carbon-based m…
Occurs inside the mitochondria
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy into chemical energy (carbohydrate…
Photosynthesis
Occurs inside the chloroplast
Cell Energy
Liberate
Energy
Process
Differentiate
To Set Free
Capacity Of Energy To Do Work
A Set Of Steps
To Become Specialized In Structure And Function
Liberate
To Set Free
Energy
Capacity Of Energy To Do Work
Cell Energy
chlorophyll
oxygen
carbon dioxide
solar energy
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
the gas that a plant takes in to use in the process of photos…
energy from the sun that is used by plants to produce their o…
chlorophyll
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
oxygen
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
25 terms
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
27 terms
Cell Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
ATP
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
an energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain ener…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
an energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
ATP
19 terms
Cell Energy and Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Period of time where a cell carries on metabolism and replica…
First phase of mitosis in which duplicated chromosomes conden…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Interphase
Period of time where a cell carries on metabolism and replica…
17 terms
Cell Energy
Pigment
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Mitochondria
Scientific way of saying "color"
Chemical reaction using sunlight to make food
Chemical reaction using food to make ATP
Where cellular respiration takes place
Pigment
Scientific way of saying "color"
Photosynthesis
Chemical reaction using sunlight to make food
45 terms
Energy and the Cell
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Energy is never created
The capacity to cause change or to perform work
The energy of motion
Energy that matter possesses as a result of its location or s…
Law 1 of law of conservation of energy
Energy
The capacity to cause change or to perform work
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
16 terms
Cell energy
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
thylakoid (with stroma)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process use by plants and other autotrophs to capture light e…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organisms
saclike photosynthetic membranes found in chloroplasts
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
photosynthesis
process use by plants and other autotrophs to capture light e…
8 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Chlorophyll
Chloroplast
The process by which plants covert sunlight into food
Simple sugar produced by photosynthesis
The green molecule responsible for photosynthesis
The organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants covert sunlight into food
Glucose
Simple sugar produced by photosynthesis
5 terms
Energy in Cells Storing Energy
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
an organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic co…
an organism that cannot make its own food.
the process in which plants convert the energy of sunlight in…
a pigment in plants that absorbs the red and blue energy of s…
Autotroph
an organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic co…
Heterotroph
an organism that cannot make its own food.
20 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis formula
chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen
pigment in green plants that traps light energy
conversion of solar energy to food
organelle in plants that makes organic compounds using solar…
Photosynthesis formula
carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen
chlorophyll
pigment in green plants that traps light energy
15 terms
Cell energy
cellular respiration
ATP
ATP structure
How ATP releases energy
combining food and oxygen to make ATP
the energy currency molecule of the cell
adenine base, 5 Carbon ribose sugar, 3 phosphate groups
the outermost phosphate breaks off
cellular respiration
combining food and oxygen to make ATP
ATP
the energy currency molecule of the cell
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
14 terms
Cells and energy
ATP
ADP
photosynthesis
chemical equation for photosynthesis
high energy molecule often called the energy currency of cells
low energy molecule which can be converted to a high energy m…
process by which producers take water, carbon dioxide and lig…
6CO2 + 6H2O + light -----> C6H12O6 + 6O2
ATP
high energy molecule often called the energy currency of cells
ADP
low energy molecule which can be converted to a high energy m…
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