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Study sets matching "cells and energy"

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Study sets matching "cells and energy"

25 terms
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
9 terms
cell energy
ATP
photosynthesis
chloroplast
cell respiration
Chemical energy in cells.
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
It is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds…
ATP
Chemical energy in cells.
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
103 terms
Cell Energy
first law of energy
Flow of Energy
autotrophs
heterotrphs
energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only convert fr…
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
consume chemical energy (food) to produce cellular energy; ob…
first law of energy
energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only convert fr…
Flow of Energy
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
20 terms
Cell Energy - Energy Unit
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
The process of releasing energy from food without the use of…
Cellular Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
Photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
13 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
respiration
chlorophyll
chloroplast
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
the process of breaking down simple food molecules to release…
green pigment in chloroplasts that allows sunlight to be capt…
organelle found in plant cells; where photosynthesis occurs
photosynthesis
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
respiration
the process of breaking down simple food molecules to release…
30 terms
Cells and Cell Energy
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Substrate
Isotonic
Hypotonic
28 terms
Cell Transport/Cell Energy
Passive Transport
Passive
Active Transport
Energy
The type of transport that does not require energy from the c…
Diffusion and Osmosis are both examples of what kind of trans…
The type of transport that requires energy (ATP) to move subs…
What is ATP?
Passive Transport
The type of transport that does not require energy from the c…
Passive
Diffusion and Osmosis are both examples of what kind of trans…
28 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
10 terms
Cell Energy
Chloroplast
Glucose
Carbon Dioxide
Chlorophyll
part of the plant where photosynthesis occurs.
a simple sugar created by plants
gas taken in by plants
pigment that absorbs sunlight
Chloroplast
part of the plant where photosynthesis occurs.
Glucose
a simple sugar created by plants
25 terms
Cells and Energy
Element
molecule
compound
chemical equation
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom of a specific…
Two or more atoms joined together. The atoms can be the same…
A specific type of molecule made of two or more different ele…
a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom of a specific…
molecule
Two or more atoms joined together. The atoms can be the same…
54 terms
Cells and Energy
- Aerobic
- Anabolism
- Anaerobic
- ADP - adenosine diphosphate
a metabolic process that uses oxygen
metabolism that builds up molecules
a metabolic process that does not involve oxygen
a used energy molecule in the cell
- Aerobic
a metabolic process that uses oxygen
- Anabolism
metabolism that builds up molecules
14 terms
Cells and Energy
cellular respiration
gycolysis
fermentation
photosynthesis
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
a process by which glucose, a sugar, is broken down into smal…
a reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to o…
a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, wat…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
gycolysis
a process by which glucose, a sugar, is broken down into smal…
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
26 terms
Energy and the Cell
photosynthesis
chloroplast
thylakoid
granum
process that converts light energy to chemical energy
organelle where photosynthesis happens
membranes inside the chloroplast
stacks of thylakoids
photosynthesis
process that converts light energy to chemical energy
chloroplast
organelle where photosynthesis happens
25 terms
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
27 terms
Cell Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
ATP
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
an energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain ener…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
an energy containing compound made of nitrogen component aden…
ATP
27 terms
Cell Energy
anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
2 ATP
Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation & Lactic Acid F…
produces ATP without oxygen
How many ATP are produced in anaerobic respiration?
What is another name for anaerobic respiration?
What are two types of anaerobic respiration?
anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
produces ATP without oxygen
2 ATP
How many ATP are produced in anaerobic respiration?
7 terms
Cell Energy
cellular respiration
chloroplasts
fermentation
photosynthesis
the process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
take energy from the sun to make food during photosynthesis
in muscle cells produce lactic acid
process that allows plants to make food (glucose)
cellular respiration
the process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
chloroplasts
take energy from the sun to make food during photosynthesis
39 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
cytoplasm
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
structure where fermentation occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
50 terms
Cell Energy
Flow of Energy
autotrophs
heterotrphs
Living things need_______ energy.
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
consume chemical energy (food) to produce cellular energy; ob…
ATP
Flow of Energy
sun-solar energy-----photosynthesis---> ... chemical energy-----…
autotrophs
use solar energy from the sun to produce chemical energy (its…
24 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
16 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
stomata in the leaves
guard cells
chlorophyll
the process by which plants use sunlight to make food
where carbon dioxide enters a plant
cells located on either side of a stoma that regulate the lev…
the pigment in green plants that absorbs the energy in sunlig…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants use sunlight to make food
stomata in the leaves
where carbon dioxide enters a plant
28 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
32 terms
Cell Energy
chloroplasts
mitochondria
plant cells and some prokaryotic cells
animal and plant cells
structure where photosynthesis occurs
structure where cellular respiration occurs
Photosynthesis occurs in what kinds of cells?
Cellular respiration occurs in what types of cells?
chloroplasts
structure where photosynthesis occurs
mitochondria
structure where cellular respiration occurs
18 terms
Cell Energy
Glucose
Mitochondria
Cellular Respiration
ATP
Cellular respiration breaks ____________ down into simpler su…
Organelle where most cellular respiration occurs.
Converts energy found in food into ATP.
Energy storage molecule.
Glucose
Cellular respiration breaks ____________ down into simpler su…
Mitochondria
Organelle where most cellular respiration occurs.
9 terms
cell energy
ATP
photosynthesis
chloroplast
cell respiration
Chemical energy in cells.
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
It is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds…
ATP
Chemical energy in cells.
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
19 terms
Cells & Energy
lactic acid fermentation
fermentation
Krebs cycle
anaerobic
the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic…
the breakdown of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeasts,…
a series of biochemical reactions that convert pyruvic acid i…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
lactic acid fermentation
the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates that produces lactic…
fermentation
the breakdown of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeasts,…
21 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Respiration
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
An organism that cannot make its own food so digests complex…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
19 terms
Cell Energy and Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Period of time where a cell carries on metabolism and replica…
First phase of mitosis in which duplicated chromosomes conden…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Interphase
Period of time where a cell carries on metabolism and replica…
18 terms
Cell Energy - Energy Unit
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
The process of releasing energy from food in which oxygen is…
The process of releasing energy from food without the use of…
Cellular Respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
Photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
13 terms
Cell Energy
chlorophyll
oxygen
carbon dioxide
solar energy
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
the gas that a plant takes in to use in the process of photos…
energy from the sun that is used by plants to produce their o…
chlorophyll
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
oxygen
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
25 terms
CELL energy
Pigments
Electron Carriers
Stomata
Thylakoids
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
openings in the leaf that allow gases to enter and leave- (ox…
membranes in the chloroplast. This is where the photosynthesi…
Pigments
molecules that absorb light ex. chlorophyll a & b
Electron Carriers
molecules that accept high energy electrons & transfer them t…
29 terms
Cell Energy
C6H12O6
H20
CO2
O2
glucose
water
carbon dioxide
oxygen
C6H12O6
glucose
H20
water
5 terms
Energy in Cells Storing Energy
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
an organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic co…
an organism that cannot make its own food.
the process in which plants convert the energy of sunlight in…
a pigment in plants that absorbs the red and blue energy of s…
Autotroph
an organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic co…
Heterotroph
an organism that cannot make its own food.
15 terms
Cell energy
cellular respiration
ATP
ATP structure
How ATP releases energy
combining food and oxygen to make ATP
the energy currency molecule of the cell
adenine base, 5 Carbon ribose sugar, 3 phosphate groups
the outermost phosphate breaks off
cellular respiration
combining food and oxygen to make ATP
ATP
the energy currency molecule of the cell
40 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
photosynthesis
chloroplast
chloroplast
reaction that converts light energy to the chemical energy of…
the site of photosynthesis
photosynthesis
reaction that converts light energy to the chemical energy of…
photosynthesis
15 terms
Cell Energy
photosynthesis
respiration
chlorophyll
chloroplast
a cell process used by producers/autotrophs; turns sunlight e…
a cell process used by producers and consumers to create ATP…
green pigment in producers that allows sunlight to be capture…
organelle found in plant cells; where photosynthesis occurs
photosynthesis
a cell process used by producers/autotrophs; turns sunlight e…
respiration
a cell process used by producers and consumers to create ATP…
26 terms
Cell Energy
Chloroplast
Endergonic
Exergonic
Catabolic
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A chemical reaction that requires the input of energy in orde…
Chemical reactions that release energy
A process in which large molecules are broken down
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Endergonic
A chemical reaction that requires the input of energy in orde…
20 terms
Cells & Energy
Cellular Respiration
Humans
cytoplasm and mitochondria
glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, Electron Tra…
____________ _______________ is a series of chemical reaction…
__________ and other animals convert food energy into ATP thr…
Cellular respiration is a complex process that occurs in two…
There are three stages of cellular respiration:
Cellular Respiration
____________ _______________ is a series of chemical reaction…
Humans
__________ and other animals convert food energy into ATP thr…
17 terms
Cell Energy
Pigment
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Mitochondria
Scientific way of saying "color"
Chemical reaction using sunlight to make food
Chemical reaction using food to make ATP
Where cellular respiration takes place
Pigment
Scientific way of saying "color"
Photosynthesis
Chemical reaction using sunlight to make food
8 terms
energy in cells
heterotrophs
autotrophs
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Organisms that are able to make their own food
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
8 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Chlorophyll
Chloroplast
The process by which plants covert sunlight into food
Simple sugar produced by photosynthesis
The green molecule responsible for photosynthesis
The organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis happens
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants covert sunlight into food
Glucose
Simple sugar produced by photosynthesis
20 terms
Cell Energy
Photosynthesis formula
chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen
pigment in green plants that traps light energy
conversion of solar energy to food
organelle in plants that makes organic compounds using solar…
Photosynthesis formula
carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen
chlorophyll
pigment in green plants that traps light energy
12 terms
Cell Processes and Energy
Photosnythesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll
The process by which plants and other autotrophs capture and…
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by co…
A green photosynthetic pigment found in the chloroplasts of p…
Photosnythesis
The process by which plants and other autotrophs capture and…
Autotroph
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
22 terms
Energy in the Cell
energy
ATP
ADP
photosynthesis
necessary for cell functions like muscle contraction, active…
Adenosine TriPhosphate; the main energy source for cells
Adenosine DiPhosphate; the compound that remains when a phosp…
the process by which a cell captures light energy and uses it…
energy
necessary for cell functions like muscle contraction, active…
ATP
Adenosine TriPhosphate; the main energy source for cells
22 terms
Cell Energy
ATP
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Light-Dependent Reaction
The main energy-storing molecule for cells
The process that occurs in plants and turns energy from the s…
Simple sugar created during photosynthesis.
First step of photosynthesis, sunlight energy is turned into…
ATP
The main energy-storing molecule for cells
Photosynthesis
The process that occurs in plants and turns energy from the s…
12 terms
GED cell processes and energy
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation
chloroplasts
chlorophyll
the process plants, some algae, and some bacteria use to make…
light energy from the sun + CO2 + H2O becomes chemical energy…
part of cell that contains chlorophyll, which gives plants th…
green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
photosynthesis
the process plants, some algae, and some bacteria use to make…
photosynthesis equation
light energy from the sun + CO2 + H2O becomes chemical energy…
24 terms
Cell Processes and Energy
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation
autotroph
hetereotroph
Conversion of light energy from the sun using CO2 + H2O into…
An organism that makes its own food.
An organism that cannot make its own food and get food by con…
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun using CO2 + H2O into…
photosynthesis equation
Cell Energy
ATP - adenosine TRIphosphate
ADP - adenosine DIphosphate
Cellular activities powered by ATP
Is ATP stable or unstable?
-used by cells to store and release energy... -THREE phosphate g…
2 phosphate groups... -cells add a phosphate group to ADP to mak…
-active transport... -movement (muscle contractions)... -synthesis…
Unstable. It can only store energy for a few seconds.
ATP - adenosine TRIphosphate
-used by cells to store and release energy... -THREE phosphate g…
ADP - adenosine DIphosphate
2 phosphate groups... -cells add a phosphate group to ADP to mak…
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