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Study sets matching "cells biology 10"

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Study sets matching "cells biology 10"

17 terms
Cell Biology Year 10
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Cell membrane
Nucleus
- have a true nucleus... - contain membrane bound organelles... - f…
- single-celled organisms that are the earliest and most - -…
- Forms a barrier between the inside and the outside of the c…
- Controls many of the functions of the cell - including grow…
Eukaryotic Cell
- have a true nucleus... - contain membrane bound organelles... - f…
Prokaryotic Cell
- single-celled organisms that are the earliest and most - -…
58 terms
Biology 10/2016 CELL
CELL
EUKARYOTIC CELL
FLUID MOSAIC MODEL
CYTOSKELETON
Cells are the smallest unit of life. Cells can replicate inde…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
the current understanding of membrane structure, in which the…
Network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the…
CELL
Cells are the smallest unit of life. Cells can replicate inde…
EUKARYOTIC CELL
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
38 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 10
enzyme kinetics
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
initial reaction rate
initial reaction velocity (v)
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
rate of reaction prior to any appreciable decrease in substra…
rate of change in product concentration per unit time (mM/min…
enzyme kinetics
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
22 terms
Cell Biology 10/21
Diffusion
simple diffusion
osmosis
spontaneous
the net movement of molecules from one region to another. Dep…
this takes place when the membrane separating two chambers is…
this occurs when the membrane between the two chamgers is not…
If the solute concentration going in is less than the solute…
Diffusion
the net movement of molecules from one region to another. Dep…
simple diffusion
this takes place when the membrane separating two chambers is…
22 terms
Cell Biology 10/9
compartmentalization
microenvironments
metabolism
electrochemical gradients
one function of biological membranes. Allows for separate cel…
the biological membrane allows separate different cell parts…
another function of biological membranes. ... Some reactions and…
a function of biological membranes involved in metabolism. Di…
compartmentalization
one function of biological membranes. Allows for separate cel…
microenvironments
the biological membrane allows separate different cell parts…
21 terms
Cell Biology 10
Is there a tunnel inside an alpha heli…
Lipid raft
Gap junction
cell-to-cell junctions
No
cluster of proteins and lipids form temporarily on the cell m…
cell to cell junction
prevent the flow of proteins and lipids
Is there a tunnel inside an alpha heli…
No
Lipid raft
cluster of proteins and lipids form temporarily on the cell m…
15 terms
Biology 10-2 Cell Division
chromosomes
cytokinesis
chromosomes
chromatid
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
44 terms
Chapter 10 - Biology of Cell
recombinant DNA technology, genetic en…
a novel class of nucleases that is pre…
restriction nuclease, fragment, gel el…
separate the fragments on the basis of…
In the early 1970s, it became possible, for the first time, t…
Restriction nuclease is ____________________________________.…
After a large DNA molecule is cleaved into smaller pieces wit…
Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to __________________…
recombinant DNA technology, genetic en…
In the early 1970s, it became possible, for the first time, t…
a novel class of nucleases that is pre…
Restriction nuclease is ____________________________________.…
14 terms
Cell Biology Lecture 10
Glial cells wrap nerves in myelin shea…
Myelination
Myelination
There are some modifications to increase neuron communication…
A myelinated axon from a peripheral nerve. Each Schwann cell…
_____ increases the speed and Efficiency of Action Potential…
Glial cells wrap nerves in myelin shea…
There are some modifications to increase neuron communication…
Myelination
A myelinated axon from a peripheral nerve. Each Schwann cell…
14 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 1 Cell Theory/Scientists
Cell
Organelle
Nucleus
Prokaryotic cell
Basic unit of life
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Contains DNA
A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
51 terms
Cell Biology - Ch. 10
The outer membrane of the mitochondria…
Some mitochondria form interconnecting…
Mitochondria are similar to gram-negat…
What is the endosymbiotic theory for m…
Porins
Reticular
1. Circular chromosomes.... 2. Small ribosomes.... 3. Outer membran…
Mitochondria evolved from engulfed gram negative aerobic bact…
The outer membrane of the mitochondria…
Porins
Some mitochondria form interconnecting…
Reticular
20 terms
Yr 10 Cell Biology
cell
nucleus
mitochondrion
cytoplasm
basic unit of structure and function in living things
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processe…
cell organelle that releases energy from stored food molecules
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processe…
16 terms
Biology 9-10 Cells.
cell membrane
centrioles
chromatin
cytoplasm
control what enters and leaves the cell . Made of phospholipi…
help in cell division in animal cells.
made of DNA and protein.
liquid portion of the cell.
cell membrane
control what enters and leaves the cell . Made of phospholipi…
centrioles
help in cell division in animal cells.
11 terms
Cell Biology 10/26
Direct Active Transport
P-type pump
Calcium pump
Sodium/Potassium ATPase
This type of transport protein uses ATP hydrolysis to get ene…
this pump is phosphorylated by ATP, usually a single polypept…
this pump is located in the plasma membrane of all eukaryotic…
This type of pump is P-type. It is involved in the Na/K excha…
Direct Active Transport
This type of transport protein uses ATP hydrolysis to get ene…
P-type pump
this pump is phosphorylated by ATP, usually a single polypept…
33 terms
Cell Biology Terms from Year 10 Biology
Cells
Unicellular organism
Organelles
Cell membrane
the building blocks of living things
made of one cell only
structures inside cells
outer 'skin' or surface of a cell
Cells
the building blocks of living things
Unicellular organism
made of one cell only
12 terms
Cell Biology 10/14
hydropathy plot
Bacteriorhodopsin
amphipathic alpha helix
outer leaflet
this plot shows the polar/nonpolar amino acids in the sequenc…
this protein is a channel protein with 7 alpha helices. Has b…
this alpha helix has a nonpolar part and a polar part.
this part of the plasma membrane consists of phosphatidylchol…
hydropathy plot
this plot shows the polar/nonpolar amino acids in the sequenc…
Bacteriorhodopsin
this protein is a channel protein with 7 alpha helices. Has b…
34 terms
Cell Biology Lesson 10.1
Cell Adhesion
CAM Types
CAMS Provide
Adhesion Molecules
Created by interaction of cell-adhesion molecules or CAMS
#1 Cell-Cell ... #2 Cell-Matrix Adhesion Molecules
#1 Structure ... #2 Information of surroundings and neighbors
#1 Divalent Cation DEPENDENT Adhesion Molecules... #2 Divalent C…
Cell Adhesion
Created by interaction of cell-adhesion molecules or CAMS
CAM Types
#1 Cell-Cell ... #2 Cell-Matrix Adhesion Molecules
52 terms
Cell Biology #10 Lipids & Polysaccharides
Four macromolecules
Lipids ______ formed by the same type…
Lipids are _______ and ________ molecu…
Lipids have a ____________ nature
lipids... carbohydrates... nucleic acids... proteins
Lipids are not formed by the same type of linear polymerizati…
Heterogenous and amphipathic
hydrophobic
Four macromolecules
lipids... carbohydrates... nucleic acids... proteins
Lipids ______ formed by the same type…
Lipids are not formed by the same type of linear polymerizati…
24 terms
Cell Biology 10.4
Sanger sequencing can be used to:
All sequencing methods require DNA amp…
One relatively new, third-generation s…
By comparing a nucleotide sequence to…
determine the nucleotide sequence of any purified DNA fragment.
False
sequencing of a single molecule of DNA by detecting the shape…
determine the gene's precise role in the physiology or develo…
Sanger sequencing can be used to:
determine the nucleotide sequence of any purified DNA fragment.
All sequencing methods require DNA amp…
False
11 terms
Cell Biology 10/19
Homeoviscous Adaptation
cytoplasmic enzyme complex
chloroplastic pathway
outer leaflet
when an organism can sometimes change it's membrane compositi…
this is responsible for fatty acid synthesis in eukaryotes an…
this type of activity is present in plants that makes polyuns…
synthesized fatty acids are generally added to membrane lipid…
Homeoviscous Adaptation
when an organism can sometimes change it's membrane compositi…
cytoplasmic enzyme complex
this is responsible for fatty acid synthesis in eukaryotes an…
20 terms
Molecular Cell Biology-10
1. The cholera toxin causes profuse di…
2. The G-protein involved in visual si…
3. Elevated epinephrine levels do not…
4. Following its initial activation, h…
A
B
D
C
1. The cholera toxin causes profuse di…
A
2. The G-protein involved in visual si…
B
112 terms
Cell Biology Week 10
potassium channel
multimeric protein
hydrated
hydration shield
n terminus and c terminus in cytoplasm, funky beta sheets tha…
beta sheets that fold over but not all of the way through, si…
ions are ____ when floating around in solution
these exist around ions in solution
potassium channel
n terminus and c terminus in cytoplasm, funky beta sheets tha…
multimeric protein
beta sheets that fold over but not all of the way through, si…
16 terms
Cell Biology 10/16
fluid-gel transition
optimal fluidity
What does Tm depend on?
mixtures
this occurs during the melting and solidifying of lipids. occ…
occurs with optimal diffusion and function of proteins.
Chemical properties of lipids, solution properties such as th…
these types of membranes are less vulnerable to environmental…
fluid-gel transition
this occurs during the melting and solidifying of lipids. occ…
optimal fluidity
occurs with optimal diffusion and function of proteins.
16 terms
Ch. 10 Cell Biology
lipid composition varies with
lipid composition dynamic for
concept of membrane fluidity
what happens if the lipids are prone t…
1-which membrane/organelle ... 2-which side of the membrane bila…
a-structural flexibility ... b-cellular dynamics (eg. membrane f…
lipids with saturated fatty acids will have higher "melting"…
they will tend to form more ordered domains in biological str…
lipid composition varies with
1-which membrane/organelle ... 2-which side of the membrane bila…
lipid composition dynamic for
a-structural flexibility ... b-cellular dynamics (eg. membrane f…
10 terms
Biology 10 - Cells
prophase
telephase
anaphase
metaphase
DNA has completely duplicated.... The nuclear membrane begins to…
The cell starts to divide.... The chromosomes dissolve.... The nucl…
Chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends.... Centrioles are prote…
chromosomes line up along the equator... centrioles... spindle fibers
prophase
DNA has completely duplicated.... The nuclear membrane begins to…
telephase
The cell starts to divide.... The chromosomes dissolve.... The nucl…
12 terms
Science 10 biology cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuole
Holds in fluids, chemicals, and structures that the cell need…
The jelly like substance in a cell, in which organelles are s…
In a cell, the structure that contains the genes, and directs…
A balloon like vesicle that can store water, food, and minera…
Cell membrane
Holds in fluids, chemicals, and structures that the cell need…
Cytoplasm
The jelly like substance in a cell, in which organelles are s…
44 terms
Cell Biology Chapter #10
Lipids are not..
Lipids are _______________ molecules
Lipids have a ____________ nature
Lipid function:
Formed by the same type of linear polymerization, but are mac…
Heterogenous and amphipathic
Hydrophobic
- Energy storage... - Membrane structure... - Specific biological f…
Lipids are not..
Formed by the same type of linear polymerization, but are mac…
Lipids are _______________ molecules
Heterogenous and amphipathic
Cells Biology 10
1600's
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthais Schleiden
microscopes were invented (water was used first).
first person to see cells (dead cork tissue) in 1665.
first person to see living cells in 1685.
first to say that plants are made of cells in 1838.
1600's
microscopes were invented (water was used first).
Robert Hooke
first person to see cells (dead cork tissue) in 1665.
11 terms
Biology cells yr 10
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Controls movement of material in and out of cell
Liquid gel in which chemical reactions take place
Carry out respiration to release energy
Production of proteins
Cell membrane
Controls movement of material in and out of cell
Cytoplasm
Liquid gel in which chemical reactions take place
23 terms
Cell Biology Lecture 10
Functions of the Cytoskeleton
Three primary components of the cytosk…
Rate-limiting step in the formation of…
Describe lag phase, growth phase, and…
This is an extremely dynamic set of polymers that are in char…
Microtubules - Form long hollow cylinders that are made of tu…
Nucleation, whose regulation is the main way for cells to con…
Nucleation, elongation, and achieving equilibrium
Functions of the Cytoskeleton
This is an extremely dynamic set of polymers that are in char…
Three primary components of the cytosk…
Microtubules - Form long hollow cylinders that are made of tu…
27 terms
Biology 10-2: Cell Division
What must every cell do before cell di…
How does cell division happen in proka…
How does cell division happen in eukar…
What is mitosis?
copy its genetic information
separates the contents of the cell into two parts
TWO MAIN STAGES:... 1) mitosis... 2) cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What must every cell do before cell di…
copy its genetic information
How does cell division happen in proka…
separates the contents of the cell into two parts
Yr 10 Cell Biology
cell
nucleus
mitochondrion
cytoplasm
basic unit of structure and function in living things
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processe…
cell organelle that releases energy from stored food molecules
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processe…
19 terms
biology cells year 10
organism
organ system
organ
tissue
human/plant
digestive system
eye, heart, leaf
muscle tissue
organism
human/plant
organ system
digestive system
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Division
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Division of the nucleus
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
Division of the nucleus
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
16 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 10
division of labor
bones
tendons
collagen
cell specialization
structure/support
movement
found in skin, tensile strength
division of labor
cell specialization
bones
structure/support
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10- Cells!
Asexual Reproduction
Centromere
Chromatid
Centriole
Cell division is the only form of reproduction, this produces…
The area where two pieces of DNA attach.
Each DNA strand in the chromosome.
A tiny structure in the centrosome.
Asexual Reproduction
Cell division is the only form of reproduction, this produces…
Centromere
The area where two pieces of DNA attach.
51 terms
Cell biology chapter 10
Free ribosome in cytosol
Membrane bound ribosomes
Made by cytosolic ribosomes
Made by ER ribosomes
Proteins destined to remain in the cytosol or to be incorpora…
These proteins contain a signal sequence which says they need…
Cytoplasmic protein... Nuclear protein... Mitochondrial protein... Per…
ER membrane protein... ER lumenal protein... Golgi membrane protein…
Free ribosome in cytosol
Proteins destined to remain in the cytosol or to be incorpora…
Membrane bound ribosomes
These proteins contain a signal sequence which says they need…
15 terms
Cell Biology 10.1
In the laboratory, DNA molecules can b…
On average, which restriction nuclease…
How does a bacterium protect its DNA f…
Gel electrophoresis separates DNA frag…
restriction nucleases.
A restriction nuclease that recognizes a four-nucleotide-pair…
The bacterium chemically modifies its own DNA sequences, ther…
Length
In the laboratory, DNA molecules can b…
restriction nucleases.
On average, which restriction nuclease…
A restriction nuclease that recognizes a four-nucleotide-pair…
17 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 10
Important Features of Bilayer
What causes formation of specific stru…
Biomembranes 3 principal classses of l…
Features of Biomembranes affected by t…
Selectively Permeable... Fluid... Self-Healing
Amphipathic Nature of membrane lipids
1. Phosphoglycerides... 2. Sphingolipids... 3. Steroids
Fluidity, thickness, and curvature
Important Features of Bilayer
Selectively Permeable... Fluid... Self-Healing
What causes formation of specific stru…
Amphipathic Nature of membrane lipids
21 terms
Biology of the Cell Chapter 10
Recombinant DNA Technology
Restriction nuclease
Gel electrophoresis
Hybridization
Genetic Engineering, generating new DNA molecules in the test…
cleave DNA at specific nucleotide sequences
can separate DNA molecules by length. Larger DNA fragments mi…
renaturation; the process of complementary strands of single…
Recombinant DNA Technology
Genetic Engineering, generating new DNA molecules in the test…
Restriction nuclease
cleave DNA at specific nucleotide sequences
35 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 10
lipid... protein... bilayer organization
~3nm
fluid
mosaic
Membranes for various organelles are biochemically distinct:…
Width of the membrane
integral membrane proteins and phospholipids diffuse within t…
mixture of different components proteins, phospholipids, glyc…
lipid... protein... bilayer organization
Membranes for various organelles are biochemically distinct:…
~3nm
Width of the membrane
51 terms
Glencoe Biology Cell Growth and Division 9-10
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing in this cy…
relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
the structures that contain the genetic material that is pass…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing in this cy…
chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
7 terms
Lugo Biology 10.4 Cell Differentiation
embryo
differentiation
totipotent
blastocyst
An organism in the earliest stage of development
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Stem cells with the potential to differentiate into any type…
stage of early development in mammals that consists of a holl…
embryo
An organism in the earliest stage of development
differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
10 terms
Cell Biology 10.3
Which of the following is NOT true?
In order to design primers for the pol…
In the polymerase chain reaction, what…
Using PCR, after 30 rounds of replicat…
PCR can be used to sequence a genome.
The sequence at its ends
High heat
About 1 billion
Which of the following is NOT true?
PCR can be used to sequence a genome.
In order to design primers for the pol…
The sequence at its ends
Cell Biology - Chapter 10
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer
amphiphilic
hydrophilic
encloses the cell, defines its boundaries, and maintains the…
thin double sheet of phospholipid molecules that forms the co…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions, as in a phos…
water-loving; includes sugars, DNA, RNA, and most proteins
plasma membrane
encloses the cell, defines its boundaries, and maintains the…
lipid bilayer
thin double sheet of phospholipid molecules that forms the co…
Chapter 10 Cell Biology
kinetic energy
potential energy
heat energy
energy carriers
the energy an object possesses due to its motion
the energy stored in a body or in a system due to its positio…
a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in tempe…
a substance that can be used to produce mechanical work or he…
kinetic energy
the energy an object possesses due to its motion
potential energy
the energy stored in a body or in a system due to its positio…
12 terms
Cell Biology 10.2
What does the term DNA cloning refer to?
Which allows scientists to join togeth…
Which of the following statements is N…
What does a DNA library consist of?
The act of making many identical copies of a DNA molecule
DNA ligase
It inserts the gene of interest into the bacterial chromosome.
A collection of cloned DNA fragments
What does the term DNA cloning refer to?
The act of making many identical copies of a DNA molecule
Which allows scientists to join togeth…
DNA ligase
28 terms
CELL BIOLOGY 10/8
Proteins leaving the Golgi have three…
Lysosomes requires a...?
Regulated secretion
Constitutive secretion
lysosomes, regulated secretion, constitutive secretion
tag (mannose -6 -phosphate) + receptor
secretory vesicle stores prior to release and requires a sign…
PM proteins, ECM proteins... -default in absence of tag or signa…
Proteins leaving the Golgi have three…
lysosomes, regulated secretion, constitutive secretion
Lysosomes requires a...?
tag (mannose -6 -phosphate) + receptor
39 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
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