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Study sets matching "cells biology chapter 9"

34 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
Chromatin/cromatina
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
forma no condensada de DNA en el nucleo de una célula
Cell Cycle/Ciclo Celular
proceso de reproduccíon celular; consta de tres fases princip…
Chromosomes/ Cromosoma
estructura que contiene DNA y que lleva el material genético…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
anaerobic
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
does not require oxygen (glycolysis and fermentation).
glycolysis
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
cytoplasm
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
Biology, Chapter 9.3, Cell Cycle Regulation
cyclin
cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKs)
cancer
carcinogen
proteins that bind to enzymes in the stages of interphase and…
enzymes that bind to cyclin in the stages of interphase and m…
uncontrolled growth and division of cells; can kill an organi…
substances and agents that are known to cause cancer
cyclin
proteins that bind to enzymes in the stages of interphase and…
cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKs)
enzymes that bind to cyclin in the stages of interphase and m…
17 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
Single Membrane Organelles
Double Membrane Organelles
Endosomes
Lysomes
Endosomes, Lysosomes, Peroxisomes, ER, Golgi Complex, Secreto…
Nuclei, Mitochondria, Chlorplasts
Function to take up soluble marcromolecules from the cell ext…
Acidic organelles containing hydrolytic enzymes (animal cells)
Single Membrane Organelles
Endosomes, Lysosomes, Peroxisomes, ER, Golgi Complex, Secreto…
Double Membrane Organelles
Nuclei, Mitochondria, Chlorplasts
57 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
nutrients requirements
-growth factors
cell growth requirements
epithelial cells
- media for animal cells must supply nine aa that cannot be s…
- certain type of cells require specialized protein growth fa…
- Temperature... - pH ... - Ionic strength ... - essencial nutrients:…
- found in external and internal surfaces of organs... - transpo…
nutrients requirements
- media for animal cells must supply nine aa that cannot be s…
-growth factors
- certain type of cells require specialized protein growth fa…
30 terms
Biology chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
Cytokinesis
Interphase
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
Chromosome
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
61 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
List the components of the endomembran…
The purpose of the endomembrane system…
__________ bud off and fuse with _____…
For exocytosis, synthesis of vesicles…
golgi, peroxisomes, ER, endosomes, lysosomes
import, export
vesicles, endomembranes
ER, golgi, plasma membrane, lysosomes
List the components of the endomembran…
golgi, peroxisomes, ER, endosomes, lysosomes
The purpose of the endomembrane system…
import, export
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
30 terms
biology chapter 9 cell cycle
meiosis
mitosis
genome
chromatin
sexual reproduction to produce genetically diverse cells
asexual reproduction to produce genetically identical cells
cell's genetic information
entire DNA complex and proteins that make up chromosomes
meiosis
sexual reproduction to produce genetically diverse cells
mitosis
asexual reproduction to produce genetically identical cells
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cell Respiration
Cell respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to release store…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
the second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic ac…
The third stage of cell respiration
Cell respiration
the process in cells in which oxygen is used to release store…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 9: The Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Somatic Cell
Haploid Cell
Diploid Cell
A cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg or…
A cell containing only one set of chromosomes (n)
A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inher…
Chromosome
A cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
Somatic Cell
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg or…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
anaphase
angiogenesis
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
formation of new blood vessels
Programmed cell death
one parent, no gamates
anaphase
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels
64 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
Primary cell cultures
Transformed cells... immortalized... mutatio…
Florescence-Activated Cell Sorter (FACS)
DAPI
have a finite life span... exception?
can grow indefinitely in culture; "_______" cell line, requir…
way to separate cells by type
What florescent dye would you use in FACS to separate cells i…
Primary cell cultures
have a finite life span... exception?
Transformed cells... immortalized... mutatio…
can grow indefinitely in culture; "_______" cell line, requir…
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
Chapter 9 Cell Biology
endocytic pathway
exocytic pathway
donor compartment
acceptor compartment
a process by which cells absorb molecules by engulfing them
the process by which a cell directs the contents of secretory…
during vesicle transport, the compartment from which material…
during vesicle transport, the compartment targeted by the ves…
endocytic pathway
a process by which cells absorb molecules by engulfing them
exocytic pathway
the process by which a cell directs the contents of secretory…
47 terms
Biology: Chapter 9- Cell reproduction
Higher
Transport of nutrients and waste produ…
Stop growing or divides- most cells di…
The cell cycle
Cells are so small they can have a........ ratio of surface a…
Why is a cell so small? (what are the benefits ?)
What does a cell do when it reaches its size limit?
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing called what?
Higher
Cells are so small they can have a........ ratio of surface a…
Transport of nutrients and waste produ…
Why is a cell so small? (what are the benefits ?)
14 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
cell division
participants of cell division
auxin
auxin makes the cell ...
most important activity in the cell, capacity of a cell to de…
1) signal molecules -- change in properties of cells (incomin…
signal molecules made by cell that face the light
longer (NOT because of the tip, comes from the elongation)
cell division
most important activity in the cell, capacity of a cell to de…
participants of cell division
1) signal molecules -- change in properties of cells (incomin…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9 (cell division)
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
interphase
First step in mitosis: Chromosomes become visable, nuclear en…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
prophase
First step in mitosis: Chromosomes become visable, nuclear en…
metaphase
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
68 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Biology
The endomembrane system serves as what?
Name the organelles in the endomembran…
Describe Exocytosis
Describe Endocytosis
the cellular import/export machinery for most macromolecules
ER, Golgi, Endosomes, Lysosomes
synthesis on/in ER, moved to Golgi, then to plasma membrane o…
budding from plasma membrane to endosomes, fuse with lysosomes
The endomembrane system serves as what?
the cellular import/export machinery for most macromolecules
Name the organelles in the endomembran…
ER, Golgi, Endosomes, Lysosomes
24 terms
Cell biology chapter 9
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear lamina
Nuclear pore complex
Nucleolus
Provides structural framework.... Acts as a barrier.... Ribosomes c…
Provides structural support to the nucleus.... Mammalian cells h…
Channels through which molecules cross the nuclear membrane.…
Site of rRNA transcription, ribosomal assembly.... Most prominen…
Nuclear envelope
Provides structural framework.... Acts as a barrier.... Ribosomes c…
Nuclear lamina
Provides structural support to the nucleus.... Mammalian cells h…
49 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 9
Cell communication
Signal
Receptor
Why is cell communication necessary?
process through which cells can detect, interpret, and respon…
an agent that can influence the properties of cells
cellular protein that recognizes and interprets signals by ch…
need to respond to a changing environment... need for cells to c…
Cell communication
process through which cells can detect, interpret, and respon…
Signal
an agent that can influence the properties of cells
5 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Cycle Adams High School
Interphase
Prophase
Anaphase
Metaphase
Interphase is not part of mitosis. This is when the cell is d…
In this stage the chromatin coils into chromosomes, the centr…
In this phase the two chromatids have been pulled apart. Each…
In this stage the chromosomes are pulled by fibers anchored a…
Interphase
Interphase is not part of mitosis. This is when the cell is d…
Prophase
In this stage the chromatin coils into chromosomes, the centr…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Division and Mitosis
cancer
chemotherapy
cell division
cell cycle
a disease of unregulated cell division; cells divide inapprop…
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
the process by which a cell reproduces itself
ordered sequence of stages, preparatory and division phases,…
cancer
a disease of unregulated cell division; cells divide inapprop…
chemotherapy
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Biology- Cell Division
Centriole
Centromere
Chromatin
Sister Chromatid
Sister chromatids are connected
uncoiled DNA+ protein
1/2 of replicated DNA
Centriole
Centromere
Sister chromatids are connected
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9 - Cell Reproduction
Volume
Growth
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Amount of space occupied by an object
The process of becoming larger
A type of cell division that results in two identical cells
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
Growth
The process of becoming larger
41 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
How is life at the cellular level defi…
What is the entropy for anabolic pathw…
What is the entropy for catabolic path…
What are the bonds between phosphate g…
a network of integrated and carefully regulated metabolic pat…
decrease in entropy (endergonic)
increase in entropy (exergonic)
phosphoanhydride bonds
How is life at the cellular level defi…
a network of integrated and carefully regulated metabolic pat…
What is the entropy for anabolic pathw…
decrease in entropy (endergonic)
30 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
NAD+
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
The electron carrier involved in glycolysis; it accepts a pai…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
cytoplasm
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
17 terms
biology chapter 9 cell cycle
mitosis
chromatin
centromere
prophase
asexual reproduction to produce genetically identical cells
entire DNA complex and proteins that make up chromosomes
region where chromatids attach to its sister chromatid, conta…
2 identical sister chromatids attached at centromere
mitosis
asexual reproduction to produce genetically identical cells
chromatin
entire DNA complex and proteins that make up chromosomes
34 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
168 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology, Chapter 9
Cytoskeleton
Roles of cytoskeleton: 1
Roles of cytoskeleton: 2
Roles of cytoskeleton: 3
Network of filamentous structures: microtubules, microfilamen…
Serves as a scaffold providing structural support and maintai…
Serves as an internal framework to organize organelles within…
Directs cellular locomotion and the movement of materials wit…
Cytoskeleton
Network of filamentous structures: microtubules, microfilamen…
Roles of cytoskeleton: 1
Serves as a scaffold providing structural support and maintai…
33 terms
Cell Reproduction: Biology Chapter 9
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosome
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
releases energy by breaking down food molecules in the presen…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
30 terms
Chapter 9 Biology- Cell Division
Centriole
Centromere
Chromatin
Sister Chromatid
Sister chromatids are connected
uncoiled DNA+ protein
1/2 of replicated DNA
Centriole
Centromere
Sister chromatids are connected
42 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 9
Components of a compound microscope:
Brightfield (unstained specimen):
Brightfield (stained specimen):
Phase constant:
Ocular lens - magnifies the image.... Objective lens - forms the…
Creating contrast with the light microscope ... Passes light d…
Creating contrast with the light microscope... Staining with v…
Creating contrast with the light microscope... Enhances contra…
Components of a compound microscope:
Ocular lens - magnifies the image.... Objective lens - forms the…
Brightfield (unstained specimen):
Creating contrast with the light microscope ... Passes light d…
Cell & Molecular Biology Chapter 9
CAM Plants
Wavelength
Action Spectrum
Heterotrophs
Plant that carries out crassulacean acid metabolism
The distance from one wave peak to the next
A graph of the effectiveness of light at specific wavelengths…
An organism that cannot synthesize its own food from inorgani…
CAM Plants
Plant that carries out crassulacean acid metabolism
Wavelength
The distance from one wave peak to the next
70 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation, Cell Respiration, Cell Respiration
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
24 terms
Vocabulary: AP BIOLOGY Pearson Chapter 9: Cell Cycle
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
somatic cells
A cell's endowment of DNA; its genetic information
packaged, condensed structures of DNA, split during mitosis
DNA molecule + associated proteins ... (DNA molecule carries gen…
all body cells that are not reproductive cells (in humans, th…
genome
A cell's endowment of DNA; its genetic information
chromosomes
packaged, condensed structures of DNA, split during mitosis
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Energy in a Cell
(ADP) adenosine diphosphate (p. 222)
(ATP) adenosine triphosphate (p. 222)
Calvin cycle (p. 228)
chlorophyll (p. 226)
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fr…
energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
series of reactions during the light-independent phase of pho…
light-absorbing pigment in plants and some protists that is r…
(ADP) adenosine diphosphate (p. 222)
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fr…
(ATP) adenosine triphosphate (p. 222)
energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
35 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Biology
Chemotrophs
Oxidation Reactions
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Organisms that obtain energy by oxidative breakdown of organi…
Loss of electrons... Release of energy
All of the chemical reactions that occur within a cell. Consi…
Involved in breakdown of cellular constituents... Exergonic (ene…
Chemotrophs
Organisms that obtain energy by oxidative breakdown of organi…
Oxidation Reactions
Loss of electrons... Release of energy
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