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Study sets matching "cells biology mcat"

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Study sets matching "cells biology mcat"

28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
25 terms
MCAT - Biology - Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic DNA
Nucleoid Region
3 Domains of Life
Archaea
- no nucleus
- Where most DNA located in prokaryotes; analog to nucleus bu…
Archaea/Bacteria = prokaryotes... Eukarya = Eukaryotes
- unicellular... - eukaryotic genetics: (met; not f-met); *histo…
Prokaryotic DNA
- no nucleus
Nucleoid Region
- Where most DNA located in prokaryotes; analog to nucleus bu…
30 terms
MCAT - Biology - Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Theory (4 Tenants); which do viru…
Can a eukaryote be unicellular?
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
(4) Genetic info Carrier = DNA; from parent to child... Virus ca…
Yes... nucleus = eukaryote
Double membrane
rRNA synthesis
Cell Theory (4 Tenants); which do viru…
(4) Genetic info Carrier = DNA; from parent to child... Virus ca…
Can a eukaryote be unicellular?
Yes... nucleus = eukaryote
12 terms
MCAT Biology - Cell Transport
What are the three types of cell trans…
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic Solution
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
The diffusion of solvent particles(H20) across a semipermeabl…
when the concentration of solute particles outside the cell i…
What are the three types of cell trans…
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
Simple Diffusion
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
51 terms
MCAT Biology: The Cell
Cell Theory
Nucleolus
Peroxisomes
Mitochondria
1. All living things are composed of cells. ... 2. The cell is t…
A subsection of the nucleus where rRNA is synthesized.
Contain hydrogen peroxide. Primary function is the breakdown…
- Produce ATP... - Enzymes to kill cell (apoptosis)... - Own genes…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells. ... 2. The cell is t…
Nucleolus
A subsection of the nucleus where rRNA is synthesized.
138 terms
MCAT Biology The Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhock
Rudolph Virchow
Cell Theory (4 basic tenets)
Coined the term "cells" by looking at a cork under a compound…
First to view a living cell under a microscope
Demonstrated diseased cells could arise from normal cells in…
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Robert Hooke
Coined the term "cells" by looking at a cork under a compound…
Anton Van Leeuwenhock
First to view a living cell under a microscope
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Unit 1; The Cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cytosol
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
do not contain a nucleus
allows for the diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
eukaryotic cells
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
41 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
12 terms
MCAT Biology - Cell Transport
What are the three types of cell trans…
Simple Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypotonic Solution
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
The diffusion of solvent particles(H20) across a semipermeabl…
when the concentration of solute particles outside the cell i…
What are the three types of cell trans…
1. simple diffusion... 2. facilitated diffusion... 3. active transp…
Simple Diffusion
a passive process( no E required) in which small, nonpolar mo…
55 terms
MCAT Biology: The Cell
Cell theory 4 tenets
Eukaryotic cells vs prokaryotic cells
Nucleolus function
Mitochondria structure
-All living things composed of cells... -Cell is the basic funct…
Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, membrane bound organelles, a…
rRNA synthesis
-Contain outer and inner membrane; inner membrane folded into…
Cell theory 4 tenets
-All living things composed of cells... -Cell is the basic funct…
Eukaryotic cells vs prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, membrane bound organelles, a…
41 terms
Cell Biology - MCAT
Signal transduction cascade ... (cell-cel…
G-Protein Coupled Membrane Receptors... (…
Phosphorylation by Protein Kinase Enzy…
Ribosomes... (cell organelles)
Also known as "metabolic cascade". Type of signal transductio…
Agonist activates membrane receptor. G-protein is activated a…
ATP is hydrolyzed to fuel multiple conformational changes amo…
Molecules of protein and ribonucleic acid that are responsibl…
Signal transduction cascade ... (cell-cel…
Also known as "metabolic cascade". Type of signal transductio…
G-Protein Coupled Membrane Receptors... (…
Agonist activates membrane receptor. G-protein is activated a…
102 terms
MCAT Review Biology: The Cell
What are the four basic tenants of the…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
Which part of the plasma membrane of e…
Eukaryote nucleus composition
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
both
Hydrophilic: external surfaces of the "sandwich"... Hydrophobic:…
-enveloped by nuclear envelope (membrane)... -Nuclear pores ... -Nu…
What are the four basic tenants of the…
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
both
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
31 terms
MCAT: Biology (The Cell)
nucleus
mitochondrion
lysosomes
rough ER
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
membrane-bound structures containing hydrolytic enzymes capab…
interconnected membranous structures with ribosomes studding…
nucleus
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
mitochondrion
location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
50 terms
MCAT Biology 1 Cell
smooth vs rough er
Golgi Apparatus
Componenets of cytoskeleton
microfilaments
rought er is where ribosomes are... Smooth er is utilized for li…
membrane bound sacs, modify cellular products and secretes it…
microfilament... microtubules... intermediate filaments
actin... cytokinesis (division of materials between daughter cel…
smooth vs rough er
rought er is where ribosomes are... Smooth er is utilized for li…
Golgi Apparatus
membrane bound sacs, modify cellular products and secretes it…
142 terms
MCAT Biology- The cell
3 tenets of cell theory and recent 4th
Why are viruses not living things?
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
1. All living things are composed of cells. ... 2. The cell is t…
Viruses are unable to reproduce on their own and because they…
contain a true nucleus contained in a membrane
do not contain a nucleus
3 tenets of cell theory and recent 4th
1. All living things are composed of cells. ... 2. The cell is t…
Why are viruses not living things?
Viruses are unable to reproduce on their own and because they…
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Unit 1; The Cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cytosol
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
do not contain a nucleus
allows for the diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
eukaryotic cells
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
101 terms
MCAT Biology 2: The Cell
Dear King Phillips Cried Out For Good…
Three domains
species
genotype and phenotype
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class Order, Family, Genus, Species
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
loosely limited to all organism that can reproduce fertile of…
genotype describes the chromosomes of an organism while the p…
Dear King Phillips Cried Out For Good…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class Order, Family, Genus, Species
Three domains
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
59 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 1: The Cell
Cell Theory ... (Components)
Domains of Life
Difference between eukaryotic cells an…
Eukaryotic membrane-bound organelle?
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) The cells are t…
1) Prokaryotes ... 2) Eukaryotes... 3) Archaea
Eukaryotes = true nucleus in an enclosed membrane... Prokaryotes…
1) Nucleus... 2) Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum ... 3) Smooth Endoplas…
Cell Theory ... (Components)
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) The cells are t…
Domains of Life
1) Prokaryotes ... 2) Eukaryotes... 3) Archaea
63 terms
MCAT Biology 1: The Cell
Tenets of cell theory (4)
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Cytosol
• All living things are composed of cells... • The cell is the b…
Organism composed of cells containing a nucleus and membranou…
Organism whose cells lack a nucleus and membranous organelles
Fluid within a cell in which organelles are suspended
Tenets of cell theory (4)
• All living things are composed of cells... • The cell is the b…
Eukaryote
Organism composed of cells containing a nucleus and membranou…
18 terms
MCAT Biology (Cell Biology)
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
Rough ER
Container of genetic material for cell replication
Location of metabolic processes and ATP production
Membrane bound structures containing enzymes capable of break…
Interconnected membranous structure with ribosomes; site of s…
Nucleus
Container of genetic material for cell replication
Mitochondria
Location of metabolic processes and ATP production
86 terms
MCAT: Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Viruses
Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic Cells
Cellular Membrane
Origional Tenets:... 1) All living things are composed of cells.…
Small structures that contain genetic material, but are unabl…
Eukaryotic cells contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membran…
Each cell has a membrane that encloses organelles suspended i…
Cell Theory
Origional Tenets:... 1) All living things are composed of cells.…
Viruses
Small structures that contain genetic material, but are unabl…
MCAT Biology 1: The Cell
cell theory
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
what is a nucleolus?
mitochondria
- all living things composed of cells... - cell is basic unit of…
nucleus enclosed in membrane
a dense structure within the nucleus where ribosomal RNA (rRN…
powerhouse, semi-autonomous (own genes and replicated indepen…
cell theory
- all living things composed of cells... - cell is basic unit of…
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
nucleus enclosed in membrane
53 terms
MCAT Review: Cell Biology
nucleus
mitochondria
ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum
contain and protect DNA; transcription; partial assembly of r…
produce ATP via the Krebs Cycle and oxidative phosphorylation…
synthesize proteins; no membrane
location of synthesis/modification of secretory, membrane-bou…
nucleus
contain and protect DNA; transcription; partial assembly of r…
mitochondria
produce ATP via the Krebs Cycle and oxidative phosphorylation…
62 terms
MCAT Biology: The Cell
Cell Theory
Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cell
Nucleus
- all living things are composed of cells... - the cell is the b…
- eukaryotic can be unicellular or multicellular and contain…
- membrane bound organelles allow for compartmentalization ... -…
- control center... - contains all genetic material for replicat…
Cell Theory
- all living things are composed of cells... - the cell is the b…
Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic Cells
- eukaryotic can be unicellular or multicellular and contain…
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells) wil…
28 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
The Eukaryotic Cell - The Parts
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells/ ske…
PROKARYOTES ("pro" = before, "karyon" = nucleus)... 1. Unicellu…
cell membrane, nucleus, nuclear membrane, cytoskeleton, ribos…
Cell Theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
Cell Organelles - "form follows functi…
Cells that require a lot of locomotion (e.g. sperm cells/ ske…
37 terms
MCAT: Biology 2 - The Cell
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
Subviral particles
viroids
prions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
naked rings of RNA without capsids that infect plants
infect animals and are capable of reproducing themselves with…
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
Subviral particles
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
15 terms
MCAT Biology: cells
Gap junction
Pinocytosis
Cell theory
Microtubules
A protein channel that allows ions and small molecules to tra…
The process by which living cells engulf minute droplets of l…
1. The cell is the basic unit of structure of life... 2. All liv…
Made from tubulin... 1) serve ascytoskeletal structural compone…
Gap junction
A protein channel that allows ions and small molecules to tra…
Pinocytosis
The process by which living cells engulf minute droplets of l…
60 terms
MCAT Biology - Ch 1 - The Cell
Cell Theory
Magnification (Microscopy)
Resolution (Microscopy)
Compound Light Microscope
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Basic functiona…
Increase in apparent size of an object.
Ability to differentiate between two closely spaced objects
Allows for visualization of 100x actual size of specimen. Con…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Basic functiona…
Magnification (Microscopy)
Increase in apparent size of an object.
56 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 1 - The Cell
The Cell Theory
Magnification
Compound Light Microscope: Diaphragm
Compound Light Microscope: Coarse Adju…
- All living things are composed of cells.... - The cell is the…
increase in the apparent size of an object; basically, " How…
controls the amount of light passing through the specimen, wh…
roughly focuses the image. It does this by moving the stage (…
The Cell Theory
- All living things are composed of cells.... - The cell is the…
Magnification
increase in the apparent size of an object; basically, " How…
36 terms
MCAT Biology Terms - The Cell
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic cells
Nucleolus
Lysosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organelles. ETC is…
where ribosomal (rRNA) is synthesized
contain hydrolytic enzymes that breakdown substances ingested…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Prokaryotic cells
do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organelles. ETC is…
57 terms
MCAT biology: The Cell
nuclear pore
genes
histones
nucleolus
found in nuclear membrane and allow for selective two-way exc…
coding regions of DNA
organizing proteins that wind up linear strands of DNA into c…
location of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) synthesis
nuclear pore
found in nuclear membrane and allow for selective two-way exc…
genes
coding regions of DNA
25 terms
MCAT: Biology (The Cell)
Contains all of the genetic material n…
Location of many metabolic processes a…
List of Metabolic Processes located in…
Membrane-bound structures containing h…
Nucleus
Michondrion
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase, citric acid cycle, electron transport…
Lysosomes
Contains all of the genetic material n…
Nucleus
Location of many metabolic processes a…
Michondrion
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Unit 1; The Cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cytosol
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
do not contain a nucleus
allows for the diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
eukaryotic cells
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
52 terms
MCAT Biology - The Cell
What are the 4 fundamental components…
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Cytosol
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cell is basic f…
Contain a nuclear membrane and membrane bound organelles
Do not have true nucleus. Contain a region called the nucleoi…
Suspends the organelles and allows for diffusion of molecules…
What are the 4 fundamental components…
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cell is basic f…
Eukaryotes
Contain a nuclear membrane and membrane bound organelles
Mcat Biology 1: Cell
Cell theory
Are viruses living things?
Cytosol
Nucleolus
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
No, they are acellular
suspends the organelles and allows diffusion of molecules
Subsection of the nucleus in which rRNA is synthesized
Cell theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Are viruses living things?
No, they are acellular
43 terms
MCAT Biology: The Cell (1)
Cell Theory
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Organelles
a foundational belief in modern biology that all living thing…
unicellular of multicellular organism composed of cells that…
...
...
Cell Theory
a foundational belief in modern biology that all living thing…
Eukaryote
unicellular of multicellular organism composed of cells that…
46 terms
MCAT Biology- Eukaryotic Cells
Locus
Nuclear Matrix/Scaffold
Nucleolus
Nuclear Pores
specific location where genes can be mapped
supports and provides overall structure to the nucleus also p…
an area in the nucleus that produces ribosomes using rRNA (RN…
found in the nuclear membrane and allow the passage of materi…
Locus
specific location where genes can be mapped
Nuclear Matrix/Scaffold
supports and provides overall structure to the nucleus also p…
45 terms
MCAT Biology- Cells
bacteria shapes
viroids
prions
lytic viral infection
bacilli- rod... spirilli- spiral... cocci- spherical
small rings of naked RNA without capsids that infect plants-…
naked proteins- subviral particles
comandeers cell synthetic machinery
bacteria shapes
bacilli- rod... spirilli- spiral... cocci- spherical
viroids
small rings of naked RNA without capsids that infect plants-…
51 terms
MCAT- Cell Biology
Spontaneous generations
Cytoplasm
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
Water
the idea that life can emerge from nonlife
in prokaryotes, all metabolic processes occur in the...
eukaryotic cells replicate by the processes of...
solvent of the cell
Spontaneous generations
the idea that life can emerge from nonlife
Cytoplasm
in prokaryotes, all metabolic processes occur in the...
21 terms
MCAT - Biology - The Cell
Cell Theory
Viruses
Eukaryotes
Cytosol
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Not considered to be living since: ... i) they are acellular... ii)…
1. Have membrane bound organelles... 2. Have a nucleus... 3. May fo…
Suspends the organelles and allows for diffusion of molecules…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
Viruses
Not considered to be living since: ... i) they are acellular... ii)…
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Unit 1; The Cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cytosol
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
do not contain a nucleus
allows for the diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
cell theory (four fundamentals)
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
eukaryotic cells
contain a true nucleus enclosed in a membrane
69 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 1: The Cell
Cell Theory ... (Components)
Domains of Life
Meaning of eukaryote and prokaryote
Differences between eukaryotes and pro…
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) The cells are t…
1) Eukarya (Prokaryote)... 2)Bacteria (Prokaryote)... 3) Archaea
Eukaryotes = true nucleus in an enclosed membrane... Prokaryote…
Prokaryotes... 1. Cell wall... 2. No nucleus... 3. Unicellular... 4. Sing…
Cell Theory ... (Components)
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) The cells are t…
Domains of Life
1) Eukarya (Prokaryote)... 2)Bacteria (Prokaryote)... 3) Archaea
MCAT biology: the cell
cell theory
viruses
cytosol
nucleus
all living things are composed of cells; cell is the basic fu…
not considered living things because they are acellular, can'…
suspends organelles & allows diffusion of molecules through c…
contians DNA in chromosomes; surrounded by nuclear membrane/e…
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells; cell is the basic fu…
viruses
not considered living things because they are acellular, can'…
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