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Study sets matching "cells biology"

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Study sets matching "cells biology"

34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
40 terms
KHS Biology: The Cell
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
Nucleus
Cells with no nucleus and no membrane-enclosed organelles, li…
Cells with a nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. Includ…
The selectively permeable boundary of ALL cells, made of a do…
The "control center" of the cell, containing the DNA
Prokaryote
Cells with no nucleus and no membrane-enclosed organelles, li…
Eukaryote
Cells with a nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. Includ…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
19 terms
Cell Biology
plasma/cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosome
Holds cell together... Regulates what goes in/out of cell
Supports/protects cell organelles
Control center... Contains DNA
Where proteins are made of
plasma/cell membrane
Holds cell together... Regulates what goes in/out of cell
cytoplasm
Supports/protects cell organelles
68 terms
Biology cells
Robert hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory scientists
Cell theory
Coined term "cells"
Saw small 'animalcules' in pond water/ "father of microscopes"
Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow
Living things are made of cells ... Cells are basic unit of life…
Robert hooke
Coined term "cells"
Leeuwenhoek
Saw small 'animalcules' in pond water/ "father of microscopes"
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
168 terms
Cell Biology (EXAM 1)
Identify 5 important principles to cel…
the carbon atom has a valence of?
carbon atoms are more likely to form c…
what are the negatively charged functi…
1.) Characteristics of carbon... 2.) Characteristics of water... 3.…
Carbon has a valence of 4
CHNOS
carboxyl and phosphate
Identify 5 important principles to cel…
1.) Characteristics of carbon... 2.) Characteristics of water... 3.…
the carbon atom has a valence of?
Carbon has a valence of 4
15 terms
Cell Biology
Organelles
Cytoskeleton
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
like organs of the cell
network of protein filaments that act to support cell like a…
Plants Only! rigid outer structure, made of cellulose, what m…
Selectively parable, allows things in and out
Organelles
like organs of the cell
Cytoskeleton
network of protein filaments that act to support cell like a…
21 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell, fungi, bacteria and some p…
Made of micro tubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs.
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell, fungi, bacteria and some p…
72 terms
Cell biology
A site
P site
E site
Translation
Bind for amino acid tRNa
Bind for peptidly tRNA start site for translation
Exit sight for translation
Process in which Sequence of nucleotides in a messenger RNA m…
A site
Bind for amino acid tRNa
P site
Bind for peptidly tRNA start site for translation
2.) Cell Biology and Cell Transport
P(rokaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
E(ukaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Fungi have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
Do Animals have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
P(rokaryotic)
Are bacteria Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic?
E(ukaryotic)
Do Protists have Prokaryotic, or Eukaryotic cells?
22 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell. Fluid mosaic model
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell. Made of cellulose.
Made of microtubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs. 9+2 formation of m…
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell. Fluid mosaic model
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell. Made of cellulose.
131 terms
Cell Biology Test 1
Cell Theory
Know the parts of the cell
Plasma Membrane
Glycocalyx
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
- Seperates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids... -…
glycoprotein area abutting the cell that provides highly spec…
Cell Theory
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
Know the parts of the cell
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
56 terms
Cell Biology
Centrioles
centrioles
Centrosome
centrosome
made of tubular (type of microtubule) that organizes the mito…
organizes microtubules; divides with S phase
Centrioles
made of tubular (type of microtubule) that organizes the mito…
centrioles
76 terms
Cell Biology Final Exam
The basic structure of an amino acid
Hydrophobic amino acids
Hydrophyllic amino acids (uncharged)
Hydrophyllic amino acids (charged)
Contains an amino group, side chain (R), and a carboxyl group.
These only have carbons and hydrogen's in the R group
These have S,H,or O in the R group
These can be acidic or basic. Acidic has COO- in R group and…
The basic structure of an amino acid
Contains an amino group, side chain (R), and a carboxyl group.
Hydrophobic amino acids
These only have carbons and hydrogen's in the R group
105 terms
Cell Biology Test 1
Cell Theory
Know the parts of the cell
Plasma Membrane
Glycocalyx
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
- Seperates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids... -…
glycoprotein area abutting the cell that provides highly spec…
Cell Theory
- Cell is the smallest basic structural an functional unit of…
Know the parts of the cell
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
38 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 10
enzyme kinetics
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
initial reaction rate
initial reaction velocity (v)
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
rate of reaction prior to any appreciable decrease in substra…
rate of change in product concentration per unit time (mM/min…
enzyme kinetics
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
26 terms
Cell Biology
endoplasmic reticulum
secretory pathway
secretory proteins
rough ER
• organelle made up of tubules and flattened sacs, whose memb…
the pathway of protein trafficking that flows through the ER
proteins that are initially targeted to the ER
• the portion of the ER that receives proteins entering the s…
endoplasmic reticulum
• organelle made up of tubules and flattened sacs, whose memb…
secretory pathway
the pathway of protein trafficking that flows through the ER
46 terms
AS Biology - Cells AQA
Golgi apparatus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondria
Mitochondria
What organelle is this?
What organelle is this?
What organelle is this?
Organelle in an eukaryotic cell.... Site of aerobic respiration…
Golgi apparatus
What organelle is this?
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
What organelle is this?
25 terms
Cell Biology
Organelle
Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Nucleus
A subcellular structure; perform specific functions for the c…
The outer covering of a cell. It allows food, oxygen, and wat…
Gelatin-like substance inside the cell membrane, constantly f…
Directs all cell activity. Holds DNA.
Organelle
A subcellular structure; perform specific functions for the c…
Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
The outer covering of a cell. It allows food, oxygen, and wat…
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
23 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 3
Lipids
Phospholipids
Carotenoids and Chlorophylls
Steroids
nonpolar hydrocarbons
structural role in cell membranes; fatty acids bound to glyce…
capture light energy in plants; source of vitamin A
multiple rings share carbons; all have the same ring structure
Lipids
nonpolar hydrocarbons
Phospholipids
structural role in cell membranes; fatty acids bound to glyce…
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
23 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell theory
Cell
Microscope
Euglena
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Basic unit of life.
An instrument that makes small objects look larger.
Protist that moves by a flagellum, known for its eye spot.
Cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Cell
Basic unit of life.
Honors Biology - Cells Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
carbohydrate
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
Component of the cell membrane; "I.D. Card" that allows cells…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
19 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Cell
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. The cel…
the smallest structural and functional units of all living th…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and other…
cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. The cel…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional units of all living th…
12 terms
Biology Cells
Abiotic Factor
Biotic Factor
Autotroph
Cell Membrane
Abiotic are the non living things. Which includes sunlight, t…
Biotic are all living things. which includes plants, animals,…
Autotroph or producer, is an organism that produces complex o…
Cell Membrane is the big cell that hold and carry al the litt…
Abiotic Factor
Abiotic are the non living things. Which includes sunlight, t…
Biotic Factor
Biotic are all living things. which includes plants, animals,…
53 terms
Cell Biology
Protein Functions
Dehydration Synthesis
Peptide Bond
N-Terminus
Enzymes- Catalysts ... Structural- support and shaper... Motility-…
The process of stringing individual amino acids together into…
Covalent C-N bond linking two amino acids
A Chain of amino acids has an intrinsic directionality becaus…
Protein Functions
Enzymes- Catalysts ... Structural- support and shaper... Motility-…
Dehydration Synthesis
The process of stringing individual amino acids together into…
96 terms
Cell Biology
The Importance of Water
Hydrophobic Interactions
Transcription
Translation
- Water Molecules are Polar... - Water Molecules are Cohesive (H…
- occur as a consequence of water trying to ... maintain maximu…
- producing an RNA copy from a DNA template.... - occurs in the…
- producing a polypeptide using mRNA as a ... template.... - Prima…
The Importance of Water
- Water Molecules are Polar... - Water Molecules are Cohesive (H…
Hydrophobic Interactions
- occur as a consequence of water trying to ... maintain maximu…
19 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory (3 rules)
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Similarity between all cells (4 points)
1. All living are made of 1 or more cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
genetic material from 2 parents
genetic material from 1 parent
1. Have a centralized location for DNA (nucleoid or nucleus)…
Cell Theory (3 rules)
1. All living are made of 1 or more cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
sexual reproduction
genetic material from 2 parents
50 terms
Cell Biology
nuclear envelope
chromatin
nucleolus
ribosomes
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from…
the form of DNA
the portion of the nucleus responsible for constructing ribos…
the organelle found in ALL cell types on earth. This is the s…
nuclear envelope
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from…
chromatin
the form of DNA
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
12 terms
Cell Biology
Organism
Single-celled organism
Multicellular organism
Function
living thing
it is a complete organism that is made of only ONE cell (very…
a living thing (plant or animal) that is made of MANY cells
the job or work that is assigned to that cell (what the cell…
Organism
living thing
Single-celled organism
it is a complete organism that is made of only ONE cell (very…
21 terms
Cell Biology
Nucleus
Plant cell
Photosynthesis
Cell Membrane
The dark sphere, containing DNA, found inside each of these c…
Type of cell in the picture
The green structures in the above picture allows the cell to…
Made of 2 layers of lipids...both plant and animal cells have…
Nucleus
The dark sphere, containing DNA, found inside each of these c…
Plant cell
Type of cell in the picture
79 terms
Cell Biology
Describe concept of co-linearity of pr…
Genetic code
Protein modifications
Disulphide bridges
nucleotide monomer sequence, which are arranged linearly in t…
Ther order of nucleoides innucleic acid specifies the order o…
Ubiquitination... Glycoproteins... Lipoproteins- palmitate fatty ac…
sulphyhydryl group -SH... Cysteine amino acid... covalent bonds... for…
Describe concept of co-linearity of pr…
nucleotide monomer sequence, which are arranged linearly in t…
Genetic code
Ther order of nucleoides innucleic acid specifies the order o…
41 terms
Biology: Cells
cell theory
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic:... -singled ce…
cells are the basic unit of life,... all living things are made…
a single cell organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
a multicellular organism that has a nucleus with membrane bou…
prokaryotic
cell theory
cells are the basic unit of life,... all living things are made…
Prokaryote
a single cell organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
23 terms
Biology - Cell Transport
Active Transport
Carrier Proteins
Concentration Gradient
Contractile Vacuoles
movement of a substance across a cell membrane using energy a…
A protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
Difference in the amount of a substance in a space or between…
An organelle found in protists, such as paramecium, used to e…
Active Transport
movement of a substance across a cell membrane using energy a…
Carrier Proteins
A protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
25 terms
General Biology - Cell Diagrams
golgi body
cell membrane
rough ER
mitochondria
golgi body
cell membrane
18 terms
Cell Biology
organelles
Plasma Membrane
Semi-permeable
bi-layer
tiny parts in cells with spacific functions
Semi-permeable. surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell. Allows cer…
Only allowing certain substances to pass through it but not o…
2 layers. When in a plasma membrane, 2 layers of phospholipids
organelles
tiny parts in cells with spacific functions
Plasma Membrane
Semi-permeable. surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell. Allows cer…
17 terms
General Biology - Cell Vocab
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
cell membrane
ribosomes
cell lacking a nucleus and most other organelles example is b…
has a nucleus and many cell parts (all cells but bacteria)
outercover, a boundary it controls what come in and out
site of protein synthesis
prokaryotic
cell lacking a nucleus and most other organelles example is b…
eukaryotic
has a nucleus and many cell parts (all cells but bacteria)
107 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Organisms containing only one cell car…
GROWTH
HOMOEOSTASIS
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. A cell is the sm…
1. GROWTH ... 2. HOMOEOSTASIS ... 3. EXCRETION... 4. REPRODUCTION ... 5.…
irreversible increase in size. May be limited but is always e…
keeping conditions inside the organism within tolerable limits
Cell Theory
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. A cell is the sm…
Organisms containing only one cell car…
1. GROWTH ... 2. HOMOEOSTASIS ... 3. EXCRETION... 4. REPRODUCTION ... 5.…
70 terms
Biology- cells
nucleus
nuclear membrane
mitochondira
ribosomes
directs all of the cells's activities, control center
protects the nucleus, materials pass in and out
organelles that produce energy (ATP), power house
structures that function as factories that produce proteins
nucleus
directs all of the cells's activities, control center
nuclear membrane
protects the nucleus, materials pass in and out
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