How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "cells chapter 8"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "cells chapter 8"

44 terms
The Cell Cycle Chapter 8
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
G2
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
the second phase of the cell cycle beginning after DNA synthe…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
33 terms
Karp Cell Biology Chapter 8
endomembrane system
transport vesicles
biosynthetic pathway (secretory pathway)
constitutive secretion
The collection of membranes inside and around a eukaryotic ce…
formed by budding of membrane compartment; carry materials be…
proteins synthesized in ER --> modified during passage throug…
materials are transported in secretory vesicles from their si…
endomembrane system
The collection of membranes inside and around a eukaryotic ce…
transport vesicles
formed by budding of membrane compartment; carry materials be…
187 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology, Chapter 8
Membranes divide the cytoplasm of...
Endomembrane system
The basic elements of the boundary mem…
Organelles of the endomembrane system…
...eukaryotic cells into distinct compartments
Includes organelles such as the ER, golgi, endosomes, lysosom…
...many of the membrane proteins and the soluble internal pro…
...shuttled back and forth
Membranes divide the cytoplasm of...
...eukaryotic cells into distinct compartments
Endomembrane system
Includes organelles such as the ER, golgi, endosomes, lysosom…
54 terms
Chapter 8 - Cell-Cell Interactions
primary cell wall
pectin
microfibrils
tension
the outermost layer of a plant cell wall, made of cellulose f…
a gelatinous polysaccharide found in the primary cell wall an…
the fibrous component of the primary cell wall consists of ce…
the rods or filaments in a fiber composite are extremely effe…
primary cell wall
the outermost layer of a plant cell wall, made of cellulose f…
pectin
a gelatinous polysaccharide found in the primary cell wall an…
Chapter 8 Cell reproduction Vocabulary
binary fission
sexual reproduction
mitosis
cytokinesis
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
The final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
sexual reproduction
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
14 terms
Cell Bio: Chapter 8
Redox Reactions are what?
Define Aerobic Respiration
Results of Aerobic Respiration
4 Steps of Aerobic Respiration
coupled, containing an electron donor and an electron accepto…
a form of cellular respiration requiring Oxygen where nutrien…
glucose is oxidized (glucose electrons are transferred to O2)…
1. Glycolysis (in cytoplasm)... 2. Formation of Acetyl Coenzyme…
Redox Reactions are what?
coupled, containing an electron donor and an electron accepto…
Define Aerobic Respiration
a form of cellular respiration requiring Oxygen where nutrien…
45 terms
Chapter 8 - Biology of Cell
gene expression
differentiation, DNA, organism
housekeeping protein, chromosome, RNA…
expression, level, signal
____________ is a complex process by which cells selectively…
____________ is a process by which cells can become a particu…
Many proteins that are common to all the cells of a multicell…
A cell can change the ____________ of its genes in response t…
gene expression
____________ is a complex process by which cells selectively…
differentiation, DNA, organism
____________ is a process by which cells can become a particu…
12 terms
CELL1010 Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Autotroph/photoautotroph
Chloroplast
Photosynthesis: capacity to produce own food, process by whic…
Must eat food, organic molecules from their environment, to s…
Photoautotroph: Photoautotrophs: convert radiant energy into…
3 membrane within.... Chlorophyll pigments on the thylakoid memb…
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis: capacity to produce own food, process by whic…
Heterotroph
Must eat food, organic molecules from their environment, to s…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Haploid cell
forming two cells from one existing cell
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
has half the number chromosomes; has 1 autosome of each homol…
Cell Division
forming two cells from one existing cell
Mitosis
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
15 terms
Chapter 8: Cells & Their Environment
active transport
concentration
cytolysis
diffusion
movement of molecules that requires energy
the amounts of solutes dissolved into a solvent
cell bursts from taking on too much water
movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentr…
active transport
movement of molecules that requires energy
concentration
the amounts of solutes dissolved into a solvent
62 terms
Chapter 8; cells
Chromatin
sexual reproduction
centrosome
interphase
Substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A structure in animal cells containing centrioles from which…
cell spends 90% of it's life in interphase. During interphase…
Chromatin
Substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
22 terms
Cell Reproduction Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
Chromatid
Centromere
DNA is condensed and coiled into compact rod shaped structure…
A protein that DNA coils around and aids in the tight packing…
Identical halves of a chromosome
Two chromatids are attached at this point
Chromosomes
DNA is condensed and coiled into compact rod shaped structure…
Histones
A protein that DNA coils around and aids in the tight packing…
32 terms
Chapter 8 Cell Biology
polysome
chaperone
Heat Shock Proteins
Hsp70 chaperones
a series of multiple ribosomes where messenger RNAs are trans…
a protein that facilitates the folding of other proteins; act…
expressed in cells that are subjected to high temperatures (H…
found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; stabilize unf…
polysome
a series of multiple ribosomes where messenger RNAs are trans…
chaperone
a protein that facilitates the folding of other proteins; act…
41 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
Chapter 8 vocabulary review: Cell division
chromatin
chromosomes
sister chromatid
centromere
DNA is a non-dividing cell, disorganized DNA
tightly coiled and organized DNA
One half of a chromosome
the center point of a chromosome
chromatin
DNA is a non-dividing cell, disorganized DNA
chromosomes
tightly coiled and organized DNA
67 terms
Chapter 8- Cell Reproduction
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
Double helix
Bacteria
Continuous loop, or a circle
What are chromosomes made out of?
What is the shape of DNA?
Prokaryotic cells
In prokaryotic cells, the double helix is fashioned into a...
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
What are chromosomes made out of?
Double helix
What is the shape of DNA?
34 terms
Chapter 8 cell reproduction
Cellular reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Biogenesis
Cell growth
growth and repair
1 cell splitting into 2. (amoebas or binary fission)
all cells come from cells (living things are generated by oth…
duplication ; more being produced (not the cell actually grow…
Cellular reproduction
growth and repair
Asexual reproduction
1 cell splitting into 2. (amoebas or binary fission)
33 terms
Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
chromosomes
Histones
Chromatid
centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and Protein.... A threadlike,…
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
each half of the chromosomes
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and Protein.... A threadlike,…
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
42 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 8
What are the two types of simple diffu…
what are two types of facilitated diff…
What types of molecules can be transpo…
what are the thermodynamic properties…
diffusion and osmosis
carrier-mediated and channel mediated
small polar molecules and large polar molecules
moves down the concentration gradient, - Gibbs free energy, a…
What are the two types of simple diffu…
diffusion and osmosis
what are two types of facilitated diff…
carrier-mediated and channel mediated
27 terms
Chapter 8 Cell Membrane
phospholipid
phospholipid bilayer
selective permeability
diffusion
molecule that has a hydrophilic (water loving) region and hyd…
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up a plasma/cell m…
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentratio…
phospholipid
molecule that has a hydrophilic (water loving) region and hyd…
phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up a plasma/cell m…
50 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
Chromatid
Centromere
Sex Chromosomes
Autosome
One-half of a chromosome.
The area of a chromatid that holds the two chromatids together.
A chromosome that determines the sex of an organism.
Any other chromosome.
Chromatid
One-half of a chromosome.
Centromere
The area of a chromatid that holds the two chromatids together.
26 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Communication
Functions
With Other Cells
Cell Membrane Receptor
Extracellular Signal
respond to changing environmental conditions: nutrients, temp…
immune/injury response (repair), muscle contraction, sensing/…
antenna that detects a specific signal
specific signaling molecule or environmental stimulus
Functions
respond to changing environmental conditions: nutrients, temp…
With Other Cells
immune/injury response (repair), muscle contraction, sensing/…
19 terms
Chapter 8- Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Clone
Sister Chromatids
Origin of Replication (ori.)
Equal distribution of daughter chromosomes into each of the t…
Precision of chromosome replication and segregation in the mi…
Duplication of each chromosome producing two identical (molec…
Located in the middle of the cell where enzymes for DNA repli…
Chromosome
Equal distribution of daughter chromosomes into each of the t…
Clone
Precision of chromosome replication and segregation in the mi…
32 terms
Chapter 8 Cell membrane
1. outer boundary and defensive barrie…
fluid mosaic
hydrophilic(water loving) heads and hy…
peripheral protein
General functions of the cell membrane
the membrane is a _______________ of phospholipids and proteins
describe the phospholipid bilayer
proteins bound to the surface of the membrane
1. outer boundary and defensive barrie…
General functions of the cell membrane
fluid mosaic
the membrane is a _______________ of phospholipids and proteins
33 terms
Chapter 8 - Cell Reproduction
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Cell Division
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
centromere
process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
process by which the nucleus of a cell is divided into two nu…
process by which a cell's cytoplasm divides to form two disti…
structure that holds together each pair of chromatids
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
mitosis
process by which the nucleus of a cell is divided into two nu…
89 terms
Chapter 8 Cell Biology
Steps of Protein synthesis?
DNA encodes the function of what?
Purpose of transcription?
What is the central enzyme in transcri…
Transcription, Translation, and Targeting of Proteins
RNAs and Proteins
Converts DNA genetic code into RNA
RNA polymerase (RNAP)
Steps of Protein synthesis?
Transcription, Translation, and Targeting of Proteins
DNA encodes the function of what?
RNAs and Proteins
60 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Cycle
Nucleotide Component of DNA
Deoxyribose sugar orientation
Anitparallel nature of the sugars
Purpose of Cell Cycle
DNA contains one sugar, (deoxyribose) a phosphate, and a nitr…
The deoxyribose contains five carbons. On one strand of the D…
On one side of the DNA, the sugar and phosphates go in a 5'--…
To have the cells grow and develop and then to eventually rep…
Nucleotide Component of DNA
DNA contains one sugar, (deoxyribose) a phosphate, and a nitr…
Deoxyribose sugar orientation
The deoxyribose contains five carbons. On one strand of the D…
12 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Communication
List two general reasons why cells nee…
Compare and contrast the five ways tha…
Define and give an example of each of…
Look at figure 40.11, page 838. State…
Cell signaling enables cells to respond to environmental chan…
List two general reasons why cells nee…
Cell signaling enables cells to respond to environmental chan…
Compare and contrast the five ways tha…
25 terms
CHAPTER 8 - CELL REPRODUCTION
Anaphase
Asexual reproduction
Autosome
Binary fission
Phase of the cell cycle in which the chromosomes separate.
Reproduction that involves only one parent.
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
A Form of reproduction in prokaryotes by which one cell divid…
Anaphase
Phase of the cell cycle in which the chromosomes separate.
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction that involves only one parent.
32 terms
chapter 8 cell cycle
stages in cell cycle
G1 phase
G0 phase
examples of cells like this
61/60, S, G2, M
growth, synthesis of RNA and proteins, length is influenced b…
when cells do not divide, they stay in this phase permanently…
red blood cells, human nerve cells, plant roots & stems
stages in cell cycle
61/60, S, G2, M
G1 phase
growth, synthesis of RNA and proteins, length is influenced b…
22 terms
Cell Reproduction Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
Chromatid
Centromere
DNA is condensed and coiled into compact rod shaped structure…
A protein that DNA coils around and aids in the tight packing…
Identical halves of a chromosome
Two chromatids are attached at this point
Chromosomes
DNA is condensed and coiled into compact rod shaped structure…
Histones
A protein that DNA coils around and aids in the tight packing…
135 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
DNA is long, thin molecules that _____
Human cell DNA consists of _____ nucle…
During cell division in eukaryotic cel…
As a cell prepares to divide, its DNA…
stores genetic information
six billion
rod- shaped structures made of DNA and protein
It coils around proteins and twists into its characteristic r…
DNA is long, thin molecules that _____
stores genetic information
Human cell DNA consists of _____ nucle…
six billion
38 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
One of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
The region of the chromosome that golds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
55 terms
Chapter 8 - Cell Reproduction
chromosomes
histones
prophase
metaphase
coiled rod-like structures in the cell's nucleus that are use…
a protein that DNA wraps tightly around in eukaryotic cells
chromosomes
coiled rod-like structures in the cell's nucleus that are use…
histones
a protein that DNA wraps tightly around in eukaryotic cells
64 terms
Cell Reproduction- Chapter 8
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Nuclear Membrane
Animal cell cytokinesis
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A highly-porous membrane that separates the nucleus from the…
when microfilaments pinch in the cell membrane (called cleava…
Nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
66 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
sexual
asexual
pathenogenisis
mitosis
Reproduction which enhances athletic ability
Reproduction which requires no sperm or ova
production of offspring by female without involvement of male
growth, repair and regeneration
sexual
Reproduction which enhances athletic ability
asexual
Reproduction which requires no sperm or ova
149 terms
Chapter 8 - Cell Reproduction
DNA
Nucleotides (the steps of a ladder)
Rod
It coils around proteins and twists in…
Long, thin molecules that stores genetic information
Human cell DNA consists of 6 billion _______ (building blocks)
During cell division in eukaryotic cells, replicated chromoso…
What happens to a DNA as a cell prepares to divide?
DNA
Long, thin molecules that stores genetic information
Nucleotides (the steps of a ladder)
Human cell DNA consists of 6 billion _______ (building blocks)
14 terms
GHS Moore Biology Second Semester Chapter 8 "Cell Division"
Binary Fission
Eukaryotic cell division
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Division of prokaryotic cell into two off-spring cells
Cytoplasm and nucleus divide; cells divide so organisms can g…
repeating set of events in the life of a cell; 3 parts = Inte…
time between cell division; cells spend most of their cell cy…
Binary Fission
Division of prokaryotic cell into two off-spring cells
Eukaryotic cell division
Cytoplasm and nucleus divide; cells divide so organisms can g…
44 terms
The Cell Cycle Chapter 8
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
G2
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
the second phase of the cell cycle beginning after DNA synthe…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell reproduction chapter 8
chromosome
Mitosis
diploid
haploid
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
(genetics) a cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
chromosome
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
40 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Reproduction: Cells from Cells
parthenogenesis
cell division
chromosomes
Roles of cell division
a rare form of asexual reproduction- the production of offspr…
the process of cellular reproduction where two "daughter" cel…
the structures that contain most of the cell's DNA - a detail…
1) replaces damaged or lost cells 2) growth 3) allows for rep…
parthenogenesis
a rare form of asexual reproduction- the production of offspr…
cell division
the process of cellular reproduction where two "daughter" cel…
47 terms
Chapter 8 - Cellular Reproduction: Cells from Cells
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Reproduction of a cell
Threadlike gene-carrying structure found in prokaryotic and e…
Creation of offspring by a single parent without participatio…
Creation of offspring through the fertilization of an egg by…
Cell division
Reproduction of a cell
Chromosomes
Threadlike gene-carrying structure found in prokaryotic and e…
40 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosome
a single cell or group of cells each duplicates its genetic m…
genetic material from each of two parents combines, producing…
a mass of very long fibers; a combination of DNA and protein…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
a single cell or group of cells each duplicates its genetic m…
sexual reproduction
genetic material from each of two parents combines, producing…
10 terms
Science Chapter 8 - Cells
nucleus
cell membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
controls all of a plant cell's activities
a covering that holds the plant cell together and separates i…
a rigid layer that supports and protects the plant cell
jellylike substance that contains chemicals to keep the cell…
nucleus
controls all of a plant cell's activities
cell membrane
a covering that holds the plant cell together and separates i…
52 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Reproduction--Cells from Cells
Cell division---(aka reproduction)
Chromosomes
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Two "daughter" cells are produced that are genetically identi…
The structures that contain most of the organism's DNA... -Befor…
Replaces damaged or lost cells... Permits growth... Allows for repr…
The lone parent and its offspring have identical genes... Singl…
Cell division---(aka reproduction)
Two "daughter" cells are produced that are genetically identi…
Chromosomes
The structures that contain most of the organism's DNA... -Befor…
18 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 8
combinatorial control
differentiation
DNA methylation
epigenetic inheritance
Describes the way in which groups of transcription regulators…
Process by which a cell undergoes a progressive, coordinated…
The enzymatic addition of methyl groups to cytosine bases in…
The transmission of a heritable pattern of gene expression fr…
combinatorial control
Describes the way in which groups of transcription regulators…
differentiation
Process by which a cell undergoes a progressive, coordinated…
48 terms
Chapter 8 - cell division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Binary fission
Chromosome
The division of a single nucleus into two genetically identic…
In a sexually reproducing organism, the division of a single…
A means of asexual reproduction in which a parent organism, o…
A gene- carrying structure found in the nucleus of a eukaryot…
Mitosis
The division of a single nucleus into two genetically identic…
Meiosis
In a sexually reproducing organism, the division of a single…
15 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Reproduction
chromosomes
binary fission
gametes
gene
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring ... *sing…
organisms reproductive cells --> sperm, egg
segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
binary fission
asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring ... *sing…
30 terms
Cell Division (chapter 8)
Chromosomes
Histone
Chromatids
Centromere
Rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
Proteins that help maintain shape and aid in packing the DNA.
2 identical halves of a chromosome
Structure that connects 2 chromatids
Chromosomes
Rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
Histone
Proteins that help maintain shape and aid in packing the DNA.
1 of 10