Study sets matching "cells chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "cells chapter 9"

15 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
36 terms
Chapter 9 | Cell Communication
Cell Communication-
Signals-
Why do cells need to respond to signals?
5 types of cell signaling:
Is the process of cells detecting and responding to signals i…
Are agents that influence the properties of cells. They affec…
1) They need to respond to a changing environment.... 2) Cells…
1) Direct intercellular signaling... 2) Contact-dependent signa…
Cell Communication-
Is the process of cells detecting and responding to signals i…
Signals-
Are agents that influence the properties of cells. They affec…
32 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Cycle
prophase
interphase
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
interphase
29 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Communication
adenylyl cyclase
amplification
apoptosis
biofilm
An enzyme that converts ATP to cyclic AMP in response to a si…
The strengthening of stimulus energy during transduction.
A program of controlled cell suicide, which is brought about…
A surface-coating colony of one or more species of prokaryote…
adenylyl cyclase
An enzyme that converts ATP to cyclic AMP in response to a si…
amplification
The strengthening of stimulus energy during transduction.
12 terms
Cell Cycle Chapter 9
Chromatin
Chromosomes
# of chromosomes in the human body
Karyotype
Long strands (pieces) of DNA wrapped around proteins
These structures are in the nucleus and carry genetic informa…
46 Chromosomes (23 pairs) Somatic Cells... 23 Chromosomes in sex…
Chart of human chromosome pairs... Helps scientists find a chrom…
Chromatin
Long strands (pieces) of DNA wrapped around proteins
Chromosomes
These structures are in the nucleus and carry genetic informa…
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
electron transport chain
glycolosis
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
Breaks the fall of electrons to oxygen in several energy-rele…
Breaking glucose into two molecules of a compound called pyru…
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Prometaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
The second stage of mitosis, in which the nuclear envelope fr…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
Cells- Chapter 9
chromatin
chromosome
sister chromatid
centromere
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
one of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
region where two sister chromatids are joined tightly together
chromatin
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
chromosome
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
Cells- Chapter 9
chromatin
chromosome
sister chromatid
centromere
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
one of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
region where two sister chromatids are joined tightly together
chromatin
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
chromosome
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Prometaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
The second stage of mitosis, in which the nuclear envelope fr…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
24 terms
BIF Chapter 9: The Cell Cycle
Cell cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
Chromatin
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes
Cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Genome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
46 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Communications
Effective signalling requires a signal…
Signalling is defined by the distance…
This type of communication uses cells…
In this type of Communication, signal…
ligand; receptor protein... signal transduction
1. Direct Contact... 2. Paracrine Signaling... 3 Endocrine Signalin…
Direct Contact
Paracrine Signaling
Effective signalling requires a signal…
ligand; receptor protein... signal transduction
Signalling is defined by the distance…
1. Direct Contact... 2. Paracrine Signaling... 3 Endocrine Signalin…
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
18 terms
Chapter 9 - Energy in a Cell
(ADP) adenosine diphosphate
(ATP) adenosine triphosphate
Calvin Cycle
Chlorophyll
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
energy-storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
series of reactions during the light-independent phase of pho…
light-absorbing pigment in plants and some protists that is r…
(ADP) adenosine diphosphate
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
(ATP) adenosine triphosphate
energy-storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
29 terms
Chapter 9 | Cell Communication 1
Cell Communication-
Signals-
Why do cells need to respond to signals?
5 types of cell signaling:
Is the process of cells detecting and responding to signals i…
Are agents that influence the properties of cells. They affec…
1) They need to respond to a changing environment.... 2) Cells…
1) Direct intercellular signaling... 2) Contact-dependent signa…
Cell Communication-
Is the process of cells detecting and responding to signals i…
Signals-
Are agents that influence the properties of cells. They affec…
38 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
36 terms
Chapter 9 Cells
macroscopic
microscopic
The cell principle
cell
Structures which are easily seen by the unaided eye
Structures which require a microscope.
Maintains that all living things are composed of living units…
The smallest living structural unit of all living things.
macroscopic
Structures which are easily seen by the unaided eye
microscopic
Structures which require a microscope.
Chapter 9 - CELLS
What is a Cell
Robert Hooke
Shleiden
Shwann
The basic unit of life
Coined the term cells
All plants are made of cells
All animals are made of cells
What is a Cell
The basic unit of life
Robert Hooke
Coined the term cells
16 terms
cell.bio.chapter.9
motor protein
kinesin
processive
dynein
protein that utilizes energy from ATP hydrolysis to generate…
+ end directed motor protein that moves membranous vesicles a…
term applied to proteins that are capable of moving considera…
exceptionally large cargo-carrying multi-subunit motor protei…
motor protein
protein that utilizes energy from ATP hydrolysis to generate…
kinesin
+ end directed motor protein that moves membranous vesicles a…
13 terms
Chapter 9 Cell vocab
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokenesis
The process by which cells, grow, reproduce, and divide
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus,…
The method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, thus making a…
Cell cycle
The process by which cells, grow, reproduce, and divide
Interphase
The stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
49 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Communication
Apoptosis
Cell Communication
Signal
Receptor
Programmed cel death to maintain a good number of cells in ou…
Process of cells that detect, interpret, and respond to signa…
agent that influence in the properties of the cell; molecules…
protein that changes shapes when interacts with signal that l…
Apoptosis
Programmed cel death to maintain a good number of cells in ou…
Cell Communication
Process of cells that detect, interpret, and respond to signa…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
7 terms
Chapter 9 - Cell Respiration and Fermentation
calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A process that requires oxygen.
A process that does not require oxygen.
calorie
Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
55 terms
Chapter 9: The Cell Cycle
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Most cell division results in the dist…
Genome
- The ability of organisms to produce more of their own kind…
The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a di…
Identical genetic material--DNA--to two daughter cells... - DNA…
All of the DNA (genetic information) in a cell
Cell Division
- The ability of organisms to produce more of their own kind…
Cell Cycle
The life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a di…
Cells- Chapter 9
chromatin
chromosome
sister chromatid
centromere
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
one of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
region where two sister chromatids are joined tightly together
chromatin
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
chromosome
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
18 terms
Chapter 9: Cell to Cell communication
What are the 4 things involved in cell…
Kinds of signaling
Ligands like glucagon
ligands like epinephrine (adrenaline)
1. Ligand or signaling molecule ... 2. A specific receptor for t…
Direct Contact ... Paracrine Signaling ... Endocrine Signaling ... Syn…
have receptors found in may different cells and when the liga…
many cells have receptors for epinephrine, but in different c…
What are the 4 things involved in cell…
1. Ligand or signaling molecule ... 2. A specific receptor for t…
Kinds of signaling
Direct Contact ... Paracrine Signaling ... Endocrine Signaling ... Syn…
Chapter 9 Vocab - Cell Respiration
Mitochondria
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
ETC (Electron Transport Chain)
organelle responsible for converting glucose into ATP; site o…
Step 1 of Cell Respiration; takes place in the cytoplasm; bre…
Step 2 of Cell Respiration; takes place in the Mitochondria's…
Step 3 of Cell Respiration; takes place along the Mitochondri…
Mitochondria
organelle responsible for converting glucose into ATP; site o…
Glycolysis
Step 1 of Cell Respiration; takes place in the cytoplasm; bre…
43 terms
Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
Calorie
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Fats
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
4 calories
4 calories
9 calories
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Carbohydrates
4 calories
67 terms
Cells- Chapter 9
chromatin
chromosome
sister chromatid
centromere
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
one of a pair of identical chromosomes created before a cell…
region where two sister chromatids are joined tightly together
chromatin
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
chromosome
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
Cell Biology Chapter 9
List the components of the endomembran…
The purpose of the endomembrane system…
__________ bud off and fuse with _____…
For exocytosis, synthesis of vesicles…
golgi, peroxisomes, ER, endosomes, lysosomes
import, export
vesicles, endomembranes
ER, golgi, plasma membrane, lysosomes
List the components of the endomembran…
golgi, peroxisomes, ER, endosomes, lysosomes
The purpose of the endomembrane system…
import, export
Cell Communication: Chapter 9
Ligand
Receptor Proteins
Autocrine
Paracrine
-The "message" that docks to a receptor molecule ... -Usually ho…
Embedded membrane proteins which have an active site on the o…
cell communicating with itself
cell-to-cell communication within the same tissue
Ligand
-The "message" that docks to a receptor molecule ... -Usually ho…
Receptor Proteins
Embedded membrane proteins which have an active site on the o…
17 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
the cells grows, carries out cellular functions
cells's nucleus and nuclear material divides
cell's cytoplasm divides
Cell Cycle
Cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
Interphase
the cells grows, carries out cellular functions
26 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Communication
Signaling Cell
Signaling Molecule
Receptor Molecule
Responding Cell
The source of the signaling molecule
The carrier of information transmitted when the signaling cel…
The molecule on the responding cell that binds to the signali…
The cell that receives information from the signaling molecule.
Signaling Cell
The source of the signaling molecule
Signaling Molecule
The carrier of information transmitted when the signaling cel…
Chapter 9: Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Chromosomes
Chromosomal organization
Histones
The division of chromosomes to create two identical daughter…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
A strand of DNA is wrapped around histones protein which crea…
DNA tightly coiled around proteins
Mitosis
The division of chromosomes to create two identical daughter…
Chromosomes
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
11 terms
Chapter 9 - Cell communication
Ligand-
Receptor protein-
Paracrine signaling-
Endocrine signaling-
A ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds…
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein-mol…
Paracrine signaling is a form of cell-cell communication in w…
Thus, endocrine signaling occurs when endocrine cells release…
Ligand-
A ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds…
Receptor protein-
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein-mol…
53 terms
Chapter 9 cell division
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
haploid
When a single cell divides into 2 new cells ... The importance:…
One cell divides into 2 identical cells ... Binary fission in pr…
The union of an egg cell and a sperm cell... -you get a unique o…
A half set of chromosomes
Cell division
When a single cell divides into 2 new cells ... The importance:…
Asexual reproduction
One cell divides into 2 identical cells ... Binary fission in pr…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Genome
Chromosomes
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The genetic material of an organism or virus; the complete co…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cytokinesis
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
8 terms
Chapter 9- Cell Division
DNA
DNA structure
Names of Bases of DNA
Stem Cells
Deoxyribonucleic acid... - contains all genetic material
-two strands of nucleotides ... - double helix... - bases paired AT…
A- Adenine... T- Thymine... G- Guanine ... C-Cytosine
-Self Renew, retain ability to divide... - ability to differenti…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid... - contains all genetic material
DNA structure
-two strands of nucleotides ... - double helix... - bases paired AT…
27 terms
Chapter 9: Cell Respiration
Catabolic pathways
2 types of catabolic pathways
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
occur when molecules are broken down and their energy is rele…
1. Fermentation ... 2. Aerobic respiration
Partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use of…
The most prevalent and efficient catabolic pathway. Oxygen is…
Catabolic pathways
occur when molecules are broken down and their energy is rele…
2 types of catabolic pathways
1. Fermentation ... 2. Aerobic respiration
Chapter 9 Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
PPMAT... Prophase ... Prometaphase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
36 terms
chapter 9- cell communication
cell communication overview
Ligand types
4 basic mechanism for cell communication
Direct contact
it requires: ligand (signaling molecule) and receptor protein…
1. Hydrophobic: diffuse to cell membrane. usually bind with i…
1. Direct contact: Gap junction... 2. Paracrine signaling: betwe…
molecule on the surface of one cell recognized by receptors o…
cell communication overview
it requires: ligand (signaling molecule) and receptor protein…
Ligand types
1. Hydrophobic: diffuse to cell membrane. usually bind with i…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Cell Respiration
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
When there is a transfer of one or more electrons from one re…
Loss of electrons.
fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occur without the use of…
cellular respiration
When oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic…
Chapter 9: Cell Respiration
Catabolism
Anabolism
Electron acceptor
Glucose
Break down of molecules; breaks bonds, releases energy
Build up of molecules; requires energy
A chemical entity that accepts electrons transferred to it fr…
A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
Catabolism
Break down of molecules; breaks bonds, releases energy
Anabolism
Build up of molecules; requires energy
Chapter 9 Cell Processes
mixture
organic compound
enzymes
inorganic compound
a combination of substances in which individual substances re…
compounds that always contain carbon and hydrogen; are associ…
type of protein that regulates chemical reactions in cells wi…
compound such as H2O that is made from elements other than ca…
mixture
a combination of substances in which individual substances re…
organic compound
compounds that always contain carbon and hydrogen; are associ…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
anaerobic
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
does not require oxygen (glycolysis and fermentation).
glycolysis
Cellular Respiration: The first step in releasing the energy…
cytoplasm
Where glycolysis takes place inside the cell.
42 terms
Chapter 9: The Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Genome
Somatic Cells
Sister Chromatids
life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a dividi…
cell's endowment of DNA (genetic info)... All the genetic infor…
body cells ... all have 46 chromosomes in humans in nuclei
each duplicated chromosome are they are replicated consist of…
Cell Cycle
life of a cell from the time it is first formed from a dividi…
Genome
cell's endowment of DNA (genetic info)... All the genetic infor…
Cell Biology Chapter 9
diversity
Sources of genetic variation
Transposons
DNA transposons
mutations leading to genetic variation
1. mutations with in a gene... 2. mutations with in a regulatory…
DNA or retrotransposons
1. Cut and paste... 2. replicative
diversity
mutations leading to genetic variation
Sources of genetic variation
1. mutations with in a gene... 2. mutations with in a regulatory…
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