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Study sets matching "cells environment"

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Study sets matching "cells environment"

50 terms
The Cells Environment
Active transport
Carrier molecules
concentration gradient
contractile vacuole
The movement of any substance across the cell membrane using…
A protein that functions in the transport of molecules across…
The difference in concentration of a substance across a space…
an organelle in (unicellular) Micro organisms that excretes w…
Active transport
The movement of any substance across the cell membrane using…
Carrier molecules
A protein that functions in the transport of molecules across…
12 terms
Cells in the Environment
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
active transport
endocytosis
water moving from an area of high concentration to an area of…
diffusion through a protein channel
crossing the cell membrane using energy
changing the shape of the cell membrane to bring large partic…
osmosis
water moving from an area of high concentration to an area of…
facilitated diffusion
diffusion through a protein channel
8 terms
Living Environment - cells: organelles
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear membrane
A thin covering that surrounds the cell
the living material inside the cell membrane but outside the…
A Structure often found near the center of the cell
A thin covering that surrounds the nucleus ,
cell membrane
A thin covering that surrounds the cell
cytoplasm
the living material inside the cell membrane but outside the…
8 terms
Cell Environment
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Diffusion of water across a membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Passive Transport
The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
Movement of particles OUT of a cell - requires energy.
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane - requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
8 terms
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy.
Movement of particles OUT of a cell- requires energy.
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane- requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy.
Cell Environment
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
diffusion
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other ato…
a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass throug…
the spreading of something more widely.
active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
passive transport
Passive transport is a movement of biochemicals and other ato…
Cell Environment
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Active Transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
Movement of particles OUT of a cell - requires energy.
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane - requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
8 terms
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
Movement of particles OUT of a cell - requires energy.
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane - requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell - requires energy.
8 terms
Cell Environment
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
The diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeab…
The process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
Active Transport
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
Passive Transport
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
8 terms
Cell environment
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
diffusion
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
active transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
passive transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
8 terms
Cell Environment
Active transport
passive transport
osmosis
diffusion
The movement of materials across a cell membrane usinf ceullu…
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
The diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeab…
The process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
Active transport
The movement of materials across a cell membrane usinf ceullu…
passive transport
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
15 terms
Cell Environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Tending to dissolve in, mix, or be wetted by water.
Tending not to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water.
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell. This…
Phospholipid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolve in, mix, or be wetted by water.
8 terms
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
Movement of particles OUT of a cell-requires energy
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane - requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
8 terms
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
Movement of particles OUT of a cell- requires energy
Movement of large particles across a cell membrane- requires…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
8 terms
Cell environment
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
diffution
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
the spread of something
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
passive transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
8 terms
Cell Environment
active transport
Passive transport
osmosis
diffusion
the movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
the diffusion of water molecules across a selective permeable…
it's being taken away from what is fusion with
active transport
the movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
Passive transport
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
Cell environment
Active transport
Passive transport
Osmosis
diffusion
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
The movement of dissolved materials across cell memebrane wit…
The diffusion of water across the cell membrane requires no e…
Movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to…
Active transport
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
Passive transport
The movement of dissolved materials across cell memebrane wit…
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active Transport
cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
movement of particles OUT of a cell- requires energy
movement of large particles across a cell membrane- requires…
Selectively Permeable
cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
movement of particles INTO a cell- requires energy
7 terms
Cell Environment
Passive Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
Endocytosis
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
The diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permabl…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
The process by which the cell membrane takes particales into…
Passive Transport
The movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permabl…
13 terms
Cell Environment
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Diffusion across the cell membrane dep…
Solvent
Requires no energy for material to move into or out of the ce…
1. Passive transport... 2. Movement of particles from a high to…
1. Size of particle... 2. Concentration... 3. Charge... 4. Solubility…
1. Component of a solution found in greater amount.... 2. Dissol…
Passive Transport
Requires no energy for material to move into or out of the ce…
Diffusion
1. Passive transport... 2. Movement of particles from a high to…
12 terms
Cells in the Environment
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
active transport
endocytosis
water moving from an area of high concentration to an area of…
diffusion through a protein channel
crossing the cell membrane using energy
changing the shape of the cell membrane to bring large partic…
osmosis
water moving from an area of high concentration to an area of…
facilitated diffusion
diffusion through a protein channel
8 terms
Living Environment - cells: organelles
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear membrane
A thin covering that surrounds the cell
the living material inside the cell membrane but outside the…
A Structure often found near the center of the cell
A thin covering that surrounds the nucleus ,
cell membrane
A thin covering that surrounds the cell
cytoplasm
the living material inside the cell membrane but outside the…
9 terms
Cell Environment
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
Diffusion of liquid molecules through a semipermeable membran…
Movement of solutes from an area of higher concentration to a…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
15 terms
The Cells Environment
Active Transport
Diffusion
EXocytosis
Cell Theory
particles move from an area of low concentration to an area o…
movement of ions and other particles to areas of high concent…
reverse process of endocytosis in which cell products/wastes…
1. all living things are composed of one or more cell/cell fr…
Active Transport
particles move from an area of low concentration to an area o…
Diffusion
movement of ions and other particles to areas of high concent…
21 terms
Cells Environment
Element
Atom
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Any substance that cannot be broken down into smaller substan…
The smallest element
An energy-rich compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
An energy-rich compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
Element
Any substance that cannot be broken down into smaller substan…
Atom
The smallest element
22 terms
Cell Environment
Phospholipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Diffusion across the cell membrane dep…
Selectively permeable (only certain materials can go in and o…
Requires no energy for material to move into or out of the ce…
1. Passive transport... 2. Movement of particles from a high to…
1. Size of particle... 2. Concentration... 3. Charge... 4. Solubility…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Selectively permeable (only certain materials can go in and o…
Passive Transport
Requires no energy for material to move into or out of the ce…
21 terms
Living Environment Cells
active transport
passive transport
pinocytosis
phagocytosis
transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell…
The movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate dro…
process in which extensions of cytoplasm surround and engulf…
active transport
transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell…
passive transport
The movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
32 terms
Living Environment Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Basic unit of all forms of life.
States that:... 1. cells are the basic units of structure and fu…
Thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells... Controls what…
The structure that contains the cell's genetic material in th…
Cell
Basic unit of all forms of life.
Cell Theory
States that:... 1. cells are the basic units of structure and fu…
10 terms
Living Environment Cells
organelle
cell membrane
nucleus
ribosomes
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Assembles amino acids to make proteins
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
48 terms
Cell and Environment
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Fibroblasts
Glycocalyx
Tissue formed by sheets of closely packed cells that are tigh…
Tissue that consists mostly of extracellular material that is…
Cells that secrete extracellular material to form connective…
Cell coat; a glycoprotein-polysaccharide covering that surrou…
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue formed by sheets of closely packed cells that are tigh…
Connective Tissue
Tissue that consists mostly of extracellular material that is…
11 terms
Cell Environment Vocabulary
Any of a group of compounds composed o…
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or b…
Tending not to dissolve in, mix with,…
A term that is used to describe the me…
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hyrdophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed o…
Phospholipid
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or b…
Hydrophilic
15 terms
Cell Environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
Tending not to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell. This…
Phospholipid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
Cell Environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any group of compound of fatty acid, phosphoric acid, a nitro…
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be by water.
Tending not to dissolve in, mix with, or be by water.
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell. This…
Phospholipid
Any group of compound of fatty acid, phosphoric acid, a nitro…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be by water.
15 terms
cell environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
hydrophobic
lipid bilayer
any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids,phosphori…
tending to dissolve in mix with or be wetted by water
tending to dissolve in mix with or be wetted by water
a term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell this m…
Phospholipid
any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids,phosphori…
Hydrophilic
tending to dissolve in mix with or be wetted by water
15 terms
Cell Environment
Phopholipid
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Lipid Bilayer
lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule, e.g., lec…
tending to repel or fail to mix with water.
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
The lipid bilayer is a thin polar membrane made of two layers…
Phopholipid
lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule, e.g., lec…
Hydrophobic
tending to repel or fail to mix with water.
14 terms
Cell environment
Homeostasis
Osmosis
Active transport
Saltwater is
Keeping a constant enviromeng inside the cells and the body s…
Diffusion of water through a semi permeable membrane
Movement of molecules that costs the cell energy
Hypertonic
Homeostasis
Keeping a constant enviromeng inside the cells and the body s…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a semi permeable membrane
14 terms
cells environment
active transport
carrier molecules
concentration gradient
contractile vacuole
the movement of any substance across a cell membrane using en…
a protein that functions in the transport of molecules across…
the difference in concentration of a substance across a space…
an organelle (unicellular) microorganisms that excretes water…
active transport
the movement of any substance across a cell membrane using en…
carrier molecules
a protein that functions in the transport of molecules across…
14 terms
Cells environment
Active transport
Carrier molecules
Concentration gradient
Contractile vacuole
Movement of any substance across a cell membrane using energy…
Proteins that function in the transport of molecules across a…
Difference in concentration of a substance across a space. Co…
Organelle in unicellular micro organisms that excretes water…
Active transport
Movement of any substance across a cell membrane using energy…
Carrier molecules
Proteins that function in the transport of molecules across a…
Cell Environment
Selectively Permeable
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Active transport
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Movement of particles into the cell-requires energy
Movement of particles out of the cell-requires energy
Movement of large particles-requires energy ex. Endocytosis,E…
Selectively Permeable
Cell membranes that allow some materials to pass through the…
Endocytosis
Movement of particles into the cell-requires energy
9 terms
CELL ENVIRONMENT
Homeostasis
Cell Membrane Proteins
Types of Membrane Protein
Passive Transport
-maintaining stable internal environment when external enviro…
-all proteins are made up of amino acids... -some proteins face…
Cell Surface Marker: a chain of sugars that help identify eac…
SIMPLE DIFFUSION:... -no energy involved... -passage of gases throu…
Homeostasis
-maintaining stable internal environment when external enviro…
Cell Membrane Proteins
-all proteins are made up of amino acids... -some proteins face…
22 terms
cell environment
osmosis
active transport
facilitated diffusion
diffusion
diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
cell spends energy to move molecules (often against diffusion)
PASSIVE transport using transport proteins
molecules spread from high concentration to low concentration
osmosis
diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
active transport
cell spends energy to move molecules (often against diffusion)
19 terms
Cells Environment
Fluid Mosaic Model
Cell Marker Proteins
Receptor Proteins
Transport Proteins
Have different elements including various proteins and phosph…
Identifies cell type such as liver, heart, and muscle cells.
Recognizes and binds to substances outside the cell and recei…
Helps substances move across the cell membrane.
Fluid Mosaic Model
Have different elements including various proteins and phosph…
Cell Marker Proteins
Identifies cell type such as liver, heart, and muscle cells.
Cell environment
Diffusion
Cell membrane
Selectively permeable
Molecules move from
The method by which molecules move across the cell Membrane
Separates cell from outside environment
Some substances can go through others cannot
Higher to lower concentrations
Diffusion
The method by which molecules move across the cell Membrane
Cell membrane
Separates cell from outside environment
15 terms
Cell environment
Phospholopid
Hydropphilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids phosphori…
Tending to dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water.
Tending not to dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water.
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell.This m…
Phospholopid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids phosphori…
Hydropphilic
Tending to dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water.
15 terms
Cell Environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophillic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water.
Tending not to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell. This…
Phospholipid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Hydrophillic
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water.
15 terms
cell environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
hydrophobic
Lipid bilayer
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
tending to dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water
tending not dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water
a tear that is used to describe the membrane of a cell this m…
Phospholipid
Any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphor…
Hydrophilic
tending to dissolve in,mix with,or be wetted by water
15 terms
Cell Environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Lipid Bilayer
Any of a group compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric…
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
Tending NOT to dissolve in, mix with, or be wtted by water
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell. This…
Phospholipid
Any of a group compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
15 terms
cell environment
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Liqid Bilayer
Any group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric ac…
Tending to dissolved in , mix with, or be wet by water
Tending not to dissolved in mix with , or be wet by water
A term that is used to describe the membrane of a cell This m…
Phospholipid
Any group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric ac…
Hydrophilic
Tending to dissolved in , mix with, or be wet by water
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