Study sets matching "cells functions"

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Study sets matching "cells functions"

Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
12 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
jellylike mixture consisting mostly of water, located between…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
11 terms
Cell functions
osmosis
diffusion
semipermeable membrane
hypertonic
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Allows some materials to pass through it, but blocks other ma…
When comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater c…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
14 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
largest organelle, directs all cell activities, contains gene…
made up of 2 layers, surround the nucleus, opening allows mat…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
Functions of the Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Organelle
protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
constantly moving gel like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
Rigid structure that encloses supports and protects the cells…
Structure in the cytoplasm in the eukaryotic cell that can ac…
Cell Membrane
protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Cytoplasm
constantly moving gel like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
13 terms
Cell Functions
cytoplasm
golgi body
endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
packages and processes proteins
allows proteins to be transported around the cell
the main "boss" of cell, DNA is found here
cytoplasm
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
golgi body
packages and processes proteins
23 terms
Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Cell Functions
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Gives plant cell shape; protects the plant cell.
Surrounds the cell; materials move into and out of the cell t…
Makes sugar (energy-rich organic compound) from sun's energy.
Stores food and water in the cell.
Cell Wall
Gives plant cell shape; protects the plant cell.
Cell Membrane
Surrounds the cell; materials move into and out of the cell t…
7 terms
Cell functions
Nucleus
Plasma membrane
Cell wall
Mitochondria
holds genetic material (DNA/RNA)
Allows only certain molecules to pass through
Maintains shape and has structural support (only in plants)
Acts as the energy production area of the cell, "powerhouse"
Nucleus
holds genetic material (DNA/RNA)
Plasma membrane
Allows only certain molecules to pass through
Cell functions
osmosis
diffusion
semipermeable membrane
hypertonic
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Allows some materials to pass through it, but blocks other ma…
When comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater c…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
15 terms
Cell Functions
Ribosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Diffusion
These can be found attached to the Rough ER. They synthesize…
ER that has ribosomes attached.
ER that does NOT have ribosomes attached.
A type of passive transport, it causes substances to move fro…
Ribosome
These can be found attached to the Rough ER. They synthesize…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
ER that has ribosomes attached.
13 terms
Cell Functions
cytoplasm
golgi body
endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
packages and processes proteins
allows proteins to be transported around the cell
the main "boss" of cell, DNA is found here
cytoplasm
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
golgi body
packages and processes proteins
Cell Functions
oxygen, water, & glucose
carbon dioxide
cell membrane & proteins
passive transport
3 things cells need to stay alive
what cells need to get out
2 things that control what goes in and out of the cell
type of "transport" that does NOT need energy
oxygen, water, & glucose
3 things cells need to stay alive
carbon dioxide
what cells need to get out
21 terms
Cell Functions
chemical reaction
carbohydrates
lipids
protein
the process by which chemical changes occur. Atoms are rearra…
a type of carbon based molecule in living things. They includ…
a type of carbon based molecule in living things that include…
a macromolecule in living things that is made up of smaller m…
chemical reaction
the process by which chemical changes occur. Atoms are rearra…
carbohydrates
a type of carbon based molecule in living things. They includ…
11 terms
Cell functions
osmosis
diffusion
semipermeable membrane
hypertonic
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Allows some materials to pass through it, but blocks other ma…
When comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater c…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
39 terms
Cell Functions
Mitosis
Interphase
Chromosomes
Homologous Chromosomes
The process by which a cell splits into 2 identical daughter…
During this phase, the cell copies its DNA and prepares for c…
Condensed DNA
A matching pair of chromosomes
Mitosis
The process by which a cell splits into 2 identical daughter…
Interphase
During this phase, the cell copies its DNA and prepares for c…
18 terms
Cell Functions
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Plant cell
Animal Cell
cell with NO nucleus or membrane
a cell with nucleus and membrane bound organelles
eukaryotic cells that differ in several key apects from the c…
a type of cell that dominates most of the tissue in cells
Prokaryote
cell with NO nucleus or membrane
Eukaryote
a cell with nucleus and membrane bound organelles
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
Cell Functions
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vacuole
Chloroplasts
Nucleolus
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Membrane covered co…
• Both plant and animals have these. One large one in the pla…
• Found only in plant cells. ... • Contain membrane covered sacs…
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Located within the…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Membrane covered co…
Vacuole
• Both plant and animals have these. One large one in the pla…
16 terms
Cell Functions
Mitochondria
Nucleus
DNA
Golgi Body
Makes energy for the cell using glucose and oxygen
Control center that has the DNA
Informational code that give the cell instructions for making…
PACKAGES proteins and materials and moves them around the cell
Mitochondria
Makes energy for the cell using glucose and oxygen
Nucleus
Control center that has the DNA
25 terms
Cell Organelles & Functions
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
12 terms
Cells and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Known as the gatekeeper to the cell; allows for movement into…
Tough, thick outer covering of the plant cell. Gives shape an…
Known as the brain of the cell. Controls the functions of the…
Releases energy to the cell; known as the powerhouse
Cell Membrane
Known as the gatekeeper to the cell; allows for movement into…
Cell Wall
Tough, thick outer covering of the plant cell. Gives shape an…
40 terms
Cell Functions
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Provide the cell with energy. Simple carbohydrates are made f…
Fats, oils and waxes that are made of carbon, oxygen, and hyd…
Made from amino acids. Amino acids come from carbon, oxygen,…
These are the molecules that hold the instructions for the ma…
Carbohydrates
Provide the cell with energy. Simple carbohydrates are made f…
Lipids
Fats, oils and waxes that are made of carbon, oxygen, and hyd…
Cell functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Controls what comes into and out of a cell... (Found in plant an…
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
Produces the energy a cell needs to carry out its functions
Cell membrane
Controls what comes into and out of a cell... (Found in plant an…
Cell wall
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell
14 terms
Cell Functions
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Centrioles
Chloroplast
This is the jelly-like material outside the nucleus
This controls protein synthesis in the cell and many other fu…
This organelle is only in animals and helps with cell division
is an organelle in plants that contains chlorophyll and traps…
Cytoplasm
This is the jelly-like material outside the nucleus
Nucleus
This controls protein synthesis in the cell and many other fu…
17 terms
cell functions
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear pores
provides additional support and protection, only in plant cells
contains genetic information that is the instructions for mak…
double membrane of the nucleus
allow materials to move in and out of the nucleus
Cell wall
provides additional support and protection, only in plant cells
Nucleus
contains genetic information that is the instructions for mak…
16 terms
Cell Organelle Functions
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell
Cytoplasm
Small, simple cell that doesn't have a nucleus
Complex cell with a nucleus
Basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Semi-liquid solution in which organelles are suspended (float…
Prokaryote
Small, simple cell that doesn't have a nucleus
Eukaryote
Complex cell with a nucleus
cell functions
Plasma Membrane
Centriole
Nuclear Envelope
Cytoskeleton
Plasma Membrane
Centriole
21 terms
Cell Functions
Protein
Ribosome
DNA
Nucleus
product of a cell
produces the proteins
provides instructions for making proteins
the command center, houses DNA
Protein
product of a cell
Ribosome
produces the proteins
14 terms
Cell Functions
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
provides strength & support to plants & algae
It covers the cell; keeps the cytoplasm in the cell & allows…
It is the cellular fluid containing a cell's organelles.
It holds holds the nucleus together; allows movement in and o…
cell wall
provides strength & support to plants & algae
cell membrane
It covers the cell; keeps the cytoplasm in the cell & allows…
16 terms
Cell functions
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Nucleus
Golgi bodies
Makes and transports lipids
Makes and transports proteins
Controls cell activities
Packaging center especially for export
Smooth ER
Makes and transports lipids
Rough ER
Makes and transports proteins
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
nucleus
Ribosome
*allows things in and out of cell
*supplies energy to the cell
*brain of the cell
*the place where protein is produced
Cell Membrane
*allows things in and out of cell
Mitochondria
*supplies energy to the cell
14 terms
Cell functions
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nuclear Envelope/Nuclear Membrane
Chromatin/Chromosomes
-Plant... -Outside the cell membrane... -Protects a cell from attac…
-Both... -In the cytoplasm... -Controls what goes in and out of the…
-Both... -In the nucleus... -The porous protective covering of the…
-Both... -In the nucleus... -Contains genetic material that directs…
Cell Wall
-Plant... -Outside the cell membrane... -Protects a cell from attac…
Cell Membrane
-Both... -In the cytoplasm... -Controls what goes in and out of the…
19 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Forms the outer covering of the cell and protects the cell
Gel-like substance within the cell membrane
Control center of the cell
Responsible for protein assembly
Cell Membrane
Forms the outer covering of the cell and protects the cell
Cytoplasm
Gel-like substance within the cell membrane
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Protects the cell, regulates movement into and out of the cell
Provides shape, protection, and support for the cell
controls cell functions "the control center," contains geneti…
Smooth: gets rid of chemicals and poisons... rough: makes and mo…
Cell Membrane
Protects the cell, regulates movement into and out of the cell
Cell Wall
Provides shape, protection, and support for the cell
cell functions
Osmosis
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Photosynthesis
The movement of WATER molecules from an area of high water co…
The process where molecules spread from areas of high concent…
When molecules are even throughout a space
(energy to food) A process used by plants to capture light an…
Osmosis
The movement of WATER molecules from an area of high water co…
Diffusion
The process where molecules spread from areas of high concent…
6 terms
Cell Functions
Chloroplasts
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Cell Membrane
own DNA and work to convert light energy into sugars
contains a cell's cytoskeleton and a fluid that contains salt…
digestive system in a cell
a barrier allowing only a few molecules go through
Chloroplasts
own DNA and work to convert light energy into sugars
Cytoplasm
contains a cell's cytoskeleton and a fluid that contains salt…
31 terms
Cell functions
Cell Membrane
Lysosome
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Controls what enters and leaves cells
contain hydrolytic enzymes for digestion
site of ribosome synthesis
The control center of the cell
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves cells
Lysosome
contain hydrolytic enzymes for digestion
Cell Functions
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Vacuole
Ribosomes
Produces substances (Also Known as the ER)
The control center of the cell
Stores food, water, and other materials needed by the cell
Produce Protein
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Produces substances (Also Known as the ER)
Nucleus
The control center of the cell
12 terms
cell functions
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
organelles
a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some org…
controls which substance pass into and out of a cell
a large oval structure that acts as a cells control center di…
all of the tiny structures
cell wall
a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some org…
cell membrane
controls which substance pass into and out of a cell
Cell Functions
cell wall
cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
Surrounds and protects the outside of plant cells
surrounds and protects the outside of a cell
jelly like substance within cell
makes protein
cell wall
Surrounds and protects the outside of plant cells
cell membrane
surrounds and protects the outside of a cell
Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Nucleus
The cell membrane surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell
Cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that fills the cells of a o…
The ribosomes are the protein builders of a cell
The nucleus is the control center for a cell
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell
Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that fills the cells of a o…
Cell Functions
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
Forms a link between the nuclear membrane and the cell. Ribos…
It forms a link between the nuclear membrane and the cell. Si…
Golgi Apparatus
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Lysosome
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
10 terms
Cell functions
Function of the nucleus
The nucleus contains...
Function of the cytoplasm
Cell wall
Controls all cell activities.
DNA
Site of many chemical reactions
Gives the cell a rigid structure.
Function of the nucleus
Controls all cell activities.
The nucleus contains...
DNA
Cell Functions
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
Works with the nucleus in the business of life
Control center of the cell
Where the assembly of ribosomes begins
Produces proteins
Cytoplasm
Works with the nucleus in the business of life
Nucleus
Control center of the cell
Cell Functions
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centriole
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
Forms a link between the nuclear membrane and the cell. Ribos…
Found in animal cells; plays a role in cell division.
Golgi Apparatus
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Lysosome
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
cell functions
Oxygen, water, & glucose
Carbon dioxide
cell membrane & proteins
passive transport
3 things cell need to stay alive
what cells need to get out
2 things that control what goes in and out of the cell
type of "transport" that does not need energy
Oxygen, water, & glucose
3 things cell need to stay alive
Carbon dioxide
what cells need to get out
19 terms
Cell Functions
oxygen,water & glucose
carbon dioxide
cell membrane & proteins
passive transport
3 thing cells need to stay alive
what cells need to get out
2 thing that control what goes in and out of the cell
type of "transport" that does NOT need energy
oxygen,water & glucose
3 thing cells need to stay alive
carbon dioxide
what cells need to get out
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