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Study sets matching "cells functions"

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Study sets matching "cells functions"

Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
11 terms
Cell functions
osmosis
diffusion
semipermeable membrane
hypertonic
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Allows some materials to pass through it, but blocks other ma…
When comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater c…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
11 terms
Cell functions
osmosis
diffusion
semipermeable membrane
hypertonic
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Allows some materials to pass through it, but blocks other ma…
When comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater c…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
14 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
largest organelle, directs all cell activities, contains gene…
made up of 2 layers, surround the nucleus, opening allows mat…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
13 terms
Cell Functions
cytoplasm
golgi body
endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
packages and processes proteins
allows proteins to be transported around the cell
the main "boss" of cell, DNA is found here
cytoplasm
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
golgi body
packages and processes proteins
23 terms
Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
8 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Gives plant cell shape; protects the plant cell.
Surrounds the cell; materials move into and out of the cell t…
Makes sugar (energy-rich organic compound) from sun's energy.
Stores food and water in the cell.
Cell Wall
Gives plant cell shape; protects the plant cell.
Cell Membrane
Surrounds the cell; materials move into and out of the cell t…
14 terms
Functions of the Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Organelle
protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
constantly moving gel like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
Rigid structure that encloses supports and protects the cells…
Structure in the cytoplasm in the eukaryotic cell that can ac…
Cell Membrane
protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Cytoplasm
constantly moving gel like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
13 terms
Cell Functions
cytoplasm
golgi body
endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
packages and processes proteins
allows proteins to be transported around the cell
the main "boss" of cell, DNA is found here
cytoplasm
gel-like fluid that fills up the cell
golgi body
packages and processes proteins
19 terms
Cell Functions
oxygen, water, & glucose
carbon dioxide
cell membrane & proteins
passive transport
3 things cells need to stay alive
what cells need to get out
2 things that control what goes in and out of the cell
type of "transport" that does NOT need energy
oxygen, water, & glucose
3 things cells need to stay alive
carbon dioxide
what cells need to get out
cell functions
Plasma Membrane
Centriole
Nuclear Envelope
Cytoskeleton
Plasma Membrane
Centriole
39 terms
Cell Functions
Mitosis
Interphase
Chromosomes
Homologous Chromosomes
The process by which a cell splits into 2 identical daughter…
During this phase, the cell copies its DNA and prepares for c…
Condensed DNA
A matching pair of chromosomes
Mitosis
The process by which a cell splits into 2 identical daughter…
Interphase
During this phase, the cell copies its DNA and prepares for c…
14 terms
Cell Functions
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
provides strength & support to plants & algae
It covers the cell; keeps the cytoplasm in the cell & allows…
It is the cellular fluid containing a cell's organelles.
It holds holds the nucleus together; allows movement in and o…
cell wall
provides strength & support to plants & algae
cell membrane
It covers the cell; keeps the cytoplasm in the cell & allows…
12 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
jellylike mixture consisting mostly of water, located between…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
14 terms
Cell Functions
mitochondria
vacuole
vesicle
cell membrane
breaks down food--release energy (ATP)
stores water and food--Large in Plants, Small in Animals
breaks off Golgi Complex, transports proteins
flexible, controls what enters and leaves the cell
mitochondria
breaks down food--release energy (ATP)
vacuole
stores water and food--Large in Plants, Small in Animals
21 terms
Cell Functions
chemical reaction
carbohydrates
lipids
protein
the process by which chemical changes occur. Atoms are rearra…
a type of carbon based molecule in living things. They includ…
a type of carbon based molecule in living things that include…
a macromolecule in living things that is made up of smaller m…
chemical reaction
the process by which chemical changes occur. Atoms are rearra…
carbohydrates
a type of carbon based molecule in living things. They includ…
25 terms
Cell Organelles & Functions
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
18 terms
Cell Functions
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Plant cell
Animal Cell
cell with NO nucleus or membrane
a cell with nucleus and membrane bound organelles
eukaryotic cells that differ in several key apects from the c…
a type of cell that dominates most of the tissue in cells
Prokaryote
cell with NO nucleus or membrane
Eukaryote
a cell with nucleus and membrane bound organelles
15 terms
Cell Functions
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vacuole
Chloroplasts
Nucleolus
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Membrane covered co…
• Both plant and animals have these. One large one in the pla…
• Found only in plant cells. ... • Contain membrane covered sacs…
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Located within the…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
• Found in both plant and animal cells ... • Membrane covered co…
Vacuole
• Both plant and animals have these. One large one in the pla…
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
40 terms
Cell Functions
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Provide the cell with energy. Simple carbohydrates are made f…
Fats, oils and waxes that are made of carbon, oxygen, and hyd…
Made from amino acids. Amino acids come from carbon, oxygen,…
These are the molecules that hold the instructions for the ma…
Carbohydrates
Provide the cell with energy. Simple carbohydrates are made f…
Lipids
Fats, oils and waxes that are made of carbon, oxygen, and hyd…
16 terms
Cell Functions
Mitochondria
Nucleus
DNA
Golgi Body
Makes energy for the cell using glucose and oxygen
Control center that has the DNA
Informational code that give the cell instructions for making…
PACKAGES proteins and materials and moves them around the cell
Mitochondria
Makes energy for the cell using glucose and oxygen
Nucleus
Control center that has the DNA
26 terms
Cell Organelle Functions (Advanced)
cell / plasma membrane
rough endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
Golgi apparatus
the thin, outer membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell that…
organelle responsible for the transport of proteins and other…
Site of protein synthesis.
organelle that modifies and packages proteins either for use…
cell / plasma membrane
the thin, outer membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell that…
rough endoplasmic reticulum
organelle responsible for the transport of proteins and other…
22 terms
Cell Functions
ATP
Cell Wall
lysomes
cell membrane
The molecule that comes from mitochondria and gives cells ene…
rigid covering of cell membrane in plant cells
organelles that recycle
thin coat of phospholipids that surrounds a cell and controls…
ATP
The molecule that comes from mitochondria and gives cells ene…
Cell Wall
rigid covering of cell membrane in plant cells
22 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
Controls the cell's activities; houses the structure that hol…
Allows material to move into and out of the nucleus
Cell membrane
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Cell wall
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
6 terms
Cell Functions
Chloroplasts
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Cell Membrane
own DNA and work to convert light energy into sugars
contains a cell's cytoskeleton and a fluid that contains salt…
digestive system in a cell
a barrier allowing only a few molecules go through
Chloroplasts
own DNA and work to convert light energy into sugars
Cytoplasm
contains a cell's cytoskeleton and a fluid that contains salt…
10 terms
Cell functions
Function of the nucleus
The nucleus contains...
Function of the cytoplasm
Cell wall
Controls all cell activities.
DNA
Site of many chemical reactions
Gives the cell a rigid structure.
Function of the nucleus
Controls all cell activities.
The nucleus contains...
DNA
13 terms
Cell Functions
Ribosomes
Nucleus
Golgi
cytoplasim
makes protein for the cells life function
controls the cell activity
package the proteins materials to transported and released
jelly like fluid
Ribosomes
makes protein for the cells life function
Nucleus
controls the cell activity
37 terms
Cell part structure and functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoskeleton
made of a bi-layer of phospholipids (fats) which is... selective…
Controls what materials enter and leave the cell, also provid…
The most obvious organelle in any eukaryotic cell. Round stru…
Composed of microtubules and filaments. Organized network of…
Cell Membrane
made of a bi-layer of phospholipids (fats) which is... selective…
Cell Membrane
Controls what materials enter and leave the cell, also provid…
9 terms
Cell functions
Nucleus
Lysomes
Chloroplasts
Mitochondrion
The control center of the cell
They dissolve bacteria in your white blood cells
The holds membranes
The site of respiration
Nucleus
The control center of the cell
Lysomes
They dissolve bacteria in your white blood cells
17 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough ER
-Protects the cell from free flowing liquid by creating a bar…
-Communicates with surrounding cytoplasm... -Within the nucleus,…
-Produces ribosomes... -In both plant and animal cells
-Responsible for moving proteins throughout the cell... -Ribosom…
Cell Membrane
-Protects the cell from free flowing liquid by creating a bar…
Nucleus
-Communicates with surrounding cytoplasm... -Within the nucleus,…
10 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
largest organelle, directs all cell activities, contains gene…
jellylike mixture consisting mostly of water, located between…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
24 terms
Cell Functions
Lysosomes
Vacuoles
Vesicles
Cytoskeleton
filled with enzymes to help in the digestion (breakdown) of f…
storage areas for proteins, salts, carbohydrates and water.... -…
store and move material between organelles
contains protein filaments that help maintain cell shape and…
Lysosomes
filled with enzymes to help in the digestion (breakdown) of f…
Vacuoles
storage areas for proteins, salts, carbohydrates and water.... -…
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
14 terms
Cell Functions
Plasma/Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
A microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
A rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
A membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditar…
The round granular structure within the nucleus of a cell, an…
Plasma/Cell Membrane
A microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
12 terms
Cell Function
nucleus
vacuoles
mitochondria
cell wall
Part of the cell that directs cell activities and contains DNA.
Store food, water, and waste material.
Where energy is released in the cells.
(Plant Cells Only!) Stiff structure outside of the cell membr…
nucleus
Part of the cell that directs cell activities and contains DNA.
vacuoles
Store food, water, and waste material.
14 terms
Cell Functions
cell wall
cell membrane
mitochondria
chloroplast
keeps structure of plant cell
controls what comes in and out of cell
breaks down sugar into energy
where photosynthesis takes place
cell wall
keeps structure of plant cell
cell membrane
controls what comes in and out of cell
29 terms
Cell Functions
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centriole
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
Forms a link between the nuclear membrane and the cell. Ribos…
Not normally found in plant cells. They are found in animal c…
Golgi Apparatus
A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport…
Lysosome
Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria…
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
16 terms
Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
network of filaments [like skeletons] that maintains shape, h…
largest organelles, directs all cell activities, contains gen…
Cell Membrane
outer membrane of cell that controls movement in and out of t…
Cell Wall
supports and protects cells (plant cell)
18 terms
Cell Parts and Functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
ribosomes
prokaryote
phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
the gel-like fluid within the cell membrane
where protein synthesis occurs
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
cell membrane
phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
cytoplasm
the gel-like fluid within the cell membrane
12 terms
Cell Organelles Identification/ Cell Functions
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Nucleus
This is a tiny organ within a cell that carries out a specifi…
This acts as a protective barrier around the cell
In plant cells it stores waste products, nutrients, and water
DNA and RNA is stored here and it produces ribisomes
Organelle
This is a tiny organ within a cell that carries out a specifi…
Cell Membrane
This acts as a protective barrier around the cell
cell functions
oxygen,water, & glucos
carbon dioxide
cell membrane & proteins
passive transport
3 things that cells need to stay alive.
what cells need to get out.
2 things that control what goes in and out of the cell.
type of "transport" that does not need energy.
oxygen,water, & glucos
3 things that cells need to stay alive.
carbon dioxide
what cells need to get out.
Cell functions
Ribosomes
Vacuole
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Attach to the rough ER
Store waste, water and food
Controls the the cell and has DNA
Produces the energy for the cell
Ribosomes
Attach to the rough ER
Vacuole
Store waste, water and food
17 terms
Cell Functions
Golgi Apparatus
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Proteins are absorbed, modified, packaged, and distributed to…
Although not membrane bound, this organelle is the site of pr…
The "Powerhouse" of the cell, this organelle is the sit of ce…
The "skeleton" and :muscles" of the cell, this structure is m…
Golgi Apparatus
Proteins are absorbed, modified, packaged, and distributed to…
Ribosomes
Although not membrane bound, this organelle is the site of pr…
13 terms
Cell functions
Package and transposrt material out of…
Stores dna
Maintains homeostasis. Determines what…
Makes proteins
Golgi bodies
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Ribosomes
Package and transposrt material out of…
Golgi bodies
Stores dna
Nucleus
18 terms
Cell functions
vacuole - plant
vacuole - animal
cell membrane
vesicle
stores nutrients
digest material
decides what comes in and goes out
stores or moves materials
vacuole - plant
stores nutrients
vacuole - animal
digest material
32 terms
Cell Functions
ATP
ATP production
Co-enzymes
Glycolysis
Energy is released when phosphate bond is broken.
Glycolysis. ... Citric acid cycle. ... Electron transport chain.
Moves H+ and electrons to ETC.... NAD+ (empty) -> NADH (loaded)…
Substrate-level phosphorylation.... Where? Cytosol.... In: 2 ATP, 1…
ATP
Energy is released when phosphate bond is broken.
ATP production
Glycolysis. ... Citric acid cycle. ... Electron transport chain.
11 terms
Cell Functions
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Plasma Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Contains DNA
Produce energy (ATP)
Phospholipid bilayer that in/out cell
Fluid part of a cell
Nucleus
Contains DNA
Mitochondria
Produce energy (ATP)
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