Study sets matching "cells metabolism"

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Study sets matching "cells metabolism"

Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
a substance that is created in a chemical reaction
to take away from the natural qualities
chemical reaction
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
20 terms
Cell Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Active Site
Energy
The build up of larger molecules from smaller ones
The breakdown of larger molecules into smaller ones
The specific area on the enzyme molecule that combines with t…
The ability to do work. Most metabolic processes use chemical…
Anabolism
The build up of larger molecules from smaller ones
Catabolism
The breakdown of larger molecules into smaller ones
cell metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
Reactions occur when two or more molecules interact and the m…
a substance that changes in a chemical reaction
the result of something
involves the breaking of many of the weak linkages, or bonds
chemical reaction
Reactions occur when two or more molecules interact and the m…
reactant
a substance that changes in a chemical reaction
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
A substance that takes part in and changes during a reaction.
The outcome.
Destroy the characteristic properties of a protein.
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and changes during a reaction.
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
3 specific types of metabolic reactions
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
synthesis of larger molecules from smaller reactants
1) Hydrolysis and condensation ... 2) Phophorylation and dephosp…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Catabolic
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
Changing elements into combinations of elements or a new elem…
A substance that undergoes change in a reaction.
A substance that is produced in a reaction.
Taking away the natural state of a protein such as an enzyme.
Chemical Reaction
Changing elements into combinations of elements or a new elem…
Reactant
A substance that undergoes change in a reaction.
12 terms
Cell Metabolism
anaerobic respiration
Alcoholic fermentation
Lactic acid fermentation
Cellular respiration
respiration that does not require oxygen, uses electron accep…
biological process in which molecules such as glucose, fructo…
biological process by which glucose and other six carbon suga…
the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose, to car…
anaerobic respiration
respiration that does not require oxygen, uses electron accep…
Alcoholic fermentation
biological process in which molecules such as glucose, fructo…
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular of a s…
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
The item that is made
Alter the natural qualities of
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular of a s…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
30 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Emergent Property
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
the sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
Arises from interactions between living or nonliving factors,…
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
Emergent Property
Arises from interactions between living or nonliving factors,…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
a process that involves changing the structure of a substance
a substance that undergoes change during a reaction
the broken down substrate
take away or alter the natural qualities of
chemical reaction
a process that involves changing the structure of a substance
reactant
a substance that undergoes change during a reaction
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
A thing or person that is the result of an action or process.
Destroy the characteristic properties of (a protein or other…
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
a substance produced during a natural, chemical, or manufactu…
take away or alter the natural qualities of.
Chemical Reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
cell metabolism
nucleus
nuclear membrane
lysosomes
Golgi apparatus
oval body that controls the cell and contains the chromosomes
membrane that separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell
membrane bag that contains powerful acids and enzymes which b…
stack of sacs that stores, sorts, and modifies proteins made…
nucleus
oval body that controls the cell and contains the chromosomes
nuclear membrane
membrane that separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell
Cell Metabolism
Chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
Anything that is produced, whether as the result of generatio…
destroy the characteristic properties of (a protein or other…
Chemical reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
Change in substances
Changes during Chemical reaction
Outcome of the chemical Reaction
Becomes weak , and incapable of working
Chemical Reaction
Change in substances
Reactant
Changes during Chemical reaction
16 terms
cell metabolism
3 types of engery
Chemical Work
Transport Work
Mechanical Work
Chemical transport and mechanical
making and breaking chemial bonds
movement of ions, molecules,etc. across membranes ofcell or o…
movement of organism, organ,cells, etc.
3 types of engery
Chemical transport and mechanical
Chemical Work
making and breaking chemial bonds
22 terms
Cells metabolism
Chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
A change in the shape of a protein (such as an enzyme) that c…
Chemical reaction
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
46 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cellular Metabolism
All chemical reactions in the body
Uses ATP, process of using energy, growth, repair, ad movemen…
Catabolism makes ATP, releases energy and where digestion dec…
All metabolic processes in the cell, energy from food is used…
Metabolism
All chemical reactions in the body
Anabolism
Uses ATP, process of using energy, growth, repair, ad movemen…
117 terms
Cell Metabolism
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
What is Anabolism?
What Catabolism?
Metabolism
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
Includes reactions that build larger,more complex,substances…
Includes the reactions that break down larger,more complex su…
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
51 terms
Cell/ Metabolism
Metabolism
3 types
What involves energy?
What releases energy?
Sum of all chem. reactions in the cell
Catabolism, Anabolism, energy balance
All reactions & activities
Catabolism = Break down releases energy (may require energy t…
Metabolism
Sum of all chem. reactions in the cell
3 types
Catabolism, Anabolism, energy balance
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
what is metabolism?
a property that comes only with organi…
taking small molecules and combining t…
taking large molecules and breaking th…
the total sum of all the chemical reactions that take place i…
emergent property
anabolic
catabolic
what is metabolism?
the total sum of all the chemical reactions that take place i…
a property that comes only with organi…
emergent property
Cell Metabolism
Acts as a catalyst to bring about a sp…
Explain how an enzyme works with a sub…
Why do our cells need enzymes?
In __________ large molecules are brok…
Enzyme
The substrates bind to a region on the enzyme called the acti…
Because some chemical reactions will not happen without enzym…
Catabolic reaction
Acts as a catalyst to bring about a sp…
Enzyme
Explain how an enzyme works with a sub…
The substrates bind to a region on the enzyme called the acti…
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Homeostasis
is the set of chemical reactions taking place inside your bod…
is the breakdown of large molecules to smaller ones, energy i…
is the process of building up large molecules from smaller on…
is the organism in which the metabolism maintains a balanced…
Metabolism
is the set of chemical reactions taking place inside your bod…
Catabolism
is the breakdown of large molecules to smaller ones, energy i…
20 terms
Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
a substance that is created in a chemical reaction
to take away from the natural qualities
chemical reaction
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
3 specific types of metabolic reactions
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
synthesis of larger molecules from smaller reactants
1) Hydrolysis and condensation ... 2) Phophorylation and dephosp…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Catabolic
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
23 terms
Cell Metabolism
Carbohydrates
amino acids
lipids
enzymes
Main energy source broken down from polysaccharides, to disac…
proteins are made up of these smaller molecules
An important energy source that is broken down to fatty acids…
proteins that allow chemical reactions to take place at norma…
Carbohydrates
Main energy source broken down from polysaccharides, to disac…
amino acids
proteins are made up of these smaller molecules
Cell Metabolism
glycolysis
Net reaction of glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Step 1 Krebs Cycle
-decomposition of glucose to pyruvate ... -occurs in cytosol
-1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate, 2 NADH, net of 2 ATP... -4 ATP produce…
-releases stored energy... -fate of pyruvate after glycolysis
-pyruvate combines w/ CoA to produce acetyl CoA... - 1 NADH and…
glycolysis
-decomposition of glucose to pyruvate ... -occurs in cytosol
Net reaction of glycolysis
-1 glucose -> 2 pyruvate, 2 NADH, net of 2 ATP... -4 ATP produce…
Cell metabolism
Metabolism
hydrolysis, phosphorylation/dephosphor…
Principles of chemical equilibrium and…
Activation energy
is the sum of all chemical reactions in the cell
Types of metabolic reactions:
_________________ dictate the direction of reversible reactio…
The energy required to go through the transition state of a r…
Metabolism
is the sum of all chemical reactions in the cell
hydrolysis, phosphorylation/dephosphor…
Types of metabolic reactions:
17 terms
Cell metabolism
External Respiration
Internal respiration
Glycolysis
Fermentation
Enteance of air into lungs from environment. Gas exchange bet…
Has exchange between blood and cells and process of cellular…
Occurs in cytoplasm. Produces: 2 puruvate, 2 ATP, 2 NADH, 2 H…
(Anaerobic) NAD+ is regenerated. Absence of O2. Produces 2ATP…
External Respiration
Enteance of air into lungs from environment. Gas exchange bet…
Internal respiration
Has exchange between blood and cells and process of cellular…
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Metabolomics
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a cell
breaking down organic molecules to generate chemical energy,…
biosynthesis of organic molecules chemical energy, reducing p…
The study of metabolic pathways and their products
Metabolism
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a cell
Catabolism
breaking down organic molecules to generate chemical energy,…
24 terms
Cell Metabolism
Glycolysis
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC)
TCA Cycle
NADH
2 net ATP; 2 NADH; occurs in cytoplasm
2 NADH; 2 acetyl coA; occurs in matrix
6 NADH; 2 FADH2; 2 GTP; occurs in matrix
2.5 ATP
Glycolysis
2 net ATP; 2 NADH; occurs in cytoplasm
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC)
2 NADH; 2 acetyl coA; occurs in matrix
Cell metabolism
Gene
Chromatin Puff
Chromatin puff
Translation and transcription
Sequence of nucleotides that acts as a blueprint for protein…
to access information within a gene or series of genes, their…
The DNA is untwisted and its nitrogen based pairs are separat…
The two activities in protein synthesis
Gene
Sequence of nucleotides that acts as a blueprint for protein…
Chromatin Puff
to access information within a gene or series of genes, their…
Cell metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
The cellular processing of the raw materials
Metabolic reactions that build complex substances from simple…
Metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecul…
Are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Metabolism
The cellular processing of the raw materials
Anabolism
Metabolic reactions that build complex substances from simple…
Cell Metabolism
Anabolic processes
Catabolic processes
2 monosaccharides are held together by…
two amino acids are held together by w…
processes that build up larger molecules from smaller ones an…
processes tjat breakdown larger molecules into smaller ones a…
glycosidic
peptide
Anabolic processes
processes that build up larger molecules from smaller ones an…
Catabolic processes
processes tjat breakdown larger molecules into smaller ones a…
16 terms
cell metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
whar are coenzymes and cofactor are for
coenzymes
building things up from smaller components
breaking things down
extra pieces needed by some enzymes to function
organic known as vitamins
anabolism
building things up from smaller components
catabolism
breaking things down
55 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolic Processes
Anabolism
Dehydrated synthesis
Catabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place within the body
-Building up... -Larger molecules are made from smaller ones... -Re…
-Used to make polysaccharides, triglycerides, and proteins ... -…
-Breaking down... -Larger molecules are broken down into smaller…
Metabolic Processes
all the chemical reactions that take place within the body
Anabolism
-Building up... -Larger molecules are made from smaller ones... -Re…
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Metabolomics
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a cell
Breaking down organic molecules to generate chemical energy;…
Biosynthesis of organic molecules chemical energy
The study of metabolic pathways and their products
Metabolism
Sum total of all chemical reactions in a cell
Catabolism
Breaking down organic molecules to generate chemical energy;…
11 terms
Cell Metabolism
Cell Metabolism
Bioenergetics
Metabolism
Anabolism
energy management by a cell
the study of how organisms manage energy. Including heat prod…
The totality of chemical reactions that take place in an orga…
The metabolic synthesis of proteins, fats, etc. from simpler…
Cell Metabolism
energy management by a cell
Bioenergetics
the study of how organisms manage energy. Including heat prod…
10 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Enzymes
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
tertiary level proteins that bond with specific compounds in…
Metabolism
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
Catabolic Reaction
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
16 terms
Cell Metabolism
Catalyst
Enzymes
Coenzyme
Active Site
A chemcial thst reduces the amount of activation energy neede…
Proteins that have the properties of proteins, enzymes regula…
Enzymes with an organic non-protein molecule (a cofactor).
The portion of the enzyme molecule that chemically "fits" the…
Catalyst
A chemcial thst reduces the amount of activation energy neede…
Enzymes
Proteins that have the properties of proteins, enzymes regula…
cell metabolism
metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reaction
enzymes
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that r…
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
tertiary level proteins that bind with specific compounds in…
metabolism
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that r…
catabolic reactions
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
Cell Metabolism
Anabolic
Catabolic
Metabolism
ATP
building compound... AA+AA+AA+ATP--> tripeptide
breaking down compounds... release energy... glucose--> 6CO2+6H2O+…
sum of all chemical changes that take place within an organism
energy source of cell derived from catabolic reaction
Anabolic
building compound... AA+AA+AA+ATP--> tripeptide
Catabolic
breaking down compounds... release energy... glucose--> 6CO2+6H2O+…
Cell Metabolism
3-6 carbons
Sucrose, maltose, lactose
Anerobic catabolism
Aerobic catabolism
How many carbons do monosachhardes contain?
Diasacharides
Glucose in the absence of oxygen
Glucose in the presence of oxygen
3-6 carbons
How many carbons do monosachhardes contain?
Sucrose, maltose, lactose
Diasacharides
33 terms
cell metabolism
Glucose
glycolysis
sucrose
lactose
can be broken down to CO2, H2O, ATP, and heat... highest amount…
anarobic no O2... in cytoplasm... 1 glucose for 2 pyruvate ... product…
tabel sugar... dissacharide (glucose and fructose)... fructose yiel…
milk sugar... dissacharide (glucose and galactose)... galactose yie…
Glucose
can be broken down to CO2, H2O, ATP, and heat... highest amount…
glycolysis
anarobic no O2... in cytoplasm... 1 glucose for 2 pyruvate ... product…
10 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Enzymes
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
tertiary level proteins that bond with specific compounds in…
Metabolism
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
Catabolic Reaction
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
8 terms
Cell Metabolism
ATP
Glycolysis (assuming eukaryote)
Anaerobic Metabolism
Fermentation (anaerobic)
-Main source of energy for cellular processes (makings energy…
-CYTOSOL... -The anaerobic catabolism of glucose to pyruvic acid…
-In absence of O2... -Creates 2 NET ATP through glycolysis of gl…
Produces lactic acid (muscle cells) OR ethanol & CO2 (yeast)
ATP
-Main source of energy for cellular processes (makings energy…
Glycolysis (assuming eukaryote)
-CYTOSOL... -The anaerobic catabolism of glucose to pyruvic acid…
Cell metabolism
ATP
Exergonic energy
Endergonic energy
Metabolism
Energy currency of cells
Release energy
Require energy to occur
Breaking down and building up of molecules
ATP
Energy currency of cells
Exergonic energy
Release energy
Cell Metabolism
The oxidation of glucose is __________…
The energy for ATP synthesis comes fro…
The energy liberated by the breakdown…
Unused released energy often appears a…
catabolic
the concentration gradients of H+ ions across membranes
ATP
body heat
The oxidation of glucose is __________…
catabolic
The energy for ATP synthesis comes fro…
the concentration gradients of H+ ions across membranes
66 terms
Cell Metabolism
6H2O + 6CO2 + Heat + 30 ATP
ATP
Electrons
Electronegative
Glucose + 6O2 yields
ADP + Pi yield
Oxygen like ________ more than hydrogen
O2 is highly ____________.
6H2O + 6CO2 + Heat + 30 ATP
Glucose + 6O2 yields
ATP
ADP + Pi yield
100 terms
CELL METABOLISM
metabolism
anabolism and catabolism
anabolism
catabolism
cellular processing of raw materials
two forms of metabolism
amino acids building from simple to complex protein
protein building from complex to simple amino acid
metabolism
cellular processing of raw materials
anabolism and catabolism
two forms of metabolism
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