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Study sets matching "cells metabolism"

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Study sets matching "cells metabolism"

22 terms
Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
a substance that is created in a chemical reaction
to take away from the natural qualities
chemical reaction
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
Changing elements into combinations of elements or a new elem…
A substance that undergoes change in a reaction.
A substance that is produced in a reaction.
Taking away the natural state of a protein such as an enzyme.
Chemical Reaction
Changing elements into combinations of elements or a new elem…
Reactant
A substance that undergoes change in a reaction.
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
A substance that takes part in and changes during a reaction.
The outcome.
Destroy the characteristic properties of a protein.
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and changes during a reaction.
20 terms
Cell Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Active Site
Energy
The build up of larger molecules from smaller ones
The breakdown of larger molecules into smaller ones
The specific area on the enzyme molecule that combines with t…
The ability to do work. Most metabolic processes use chemical…
Anabolism
The build up of larger molecules from smaller ones
Catabolism
The breakdown of larger molecules into smaller ones
cell metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
Reactions occur when two or more molecules interact and the m…
a substance that changes in a chemical reaction
the result of something
involves the breaking of many of the weak linkages, or bonds
chemical reaction
Reactions occur when two or more molecules interact and the m…
reactant
a substance that changes in a chemical reaction
36 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
3 specific types of metabolic reactions
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
synthesis of larger molecules from smaller reactants
1) Hydrolysis and condensation ... 2) Phophorylation and dephosp…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Catabolic
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
12 terms
Cell Metabolism
anaerobic respiration
Alcoholic fermentation
Lactic acid fermentation
Cellular respiration
respiration that does not require oxygen, uses electron accep…
biological process in which molecules such as glucose, fructo…
biological process by which glucose and other six carbon suga…
the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose, to car…
anaerobic respiration
respiration that does not require oxygen, uses electron accep…
Alcoholic fermentation
biological process in which molecules such as glucose, fructo…
17 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Homeostasis
is the set of chemical reactions taking place inside your bod…
is the breakdown of large molecules to smaller ones, energy i…
is the process of building up large molecules from smaller on…
is the organism in which the metabolism maintains a balanced…
Metabolism
is the set of chemical reactions taking place inside your bod…
Catabolism
is the breakdown of large molecules to smaller ones, energy i…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
A thing or person that is the result of an action or process.
Destroy the characteristic properties of (a protein or other…
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
a substance produced during a natural, chemical, or manufactu…
take away or alter the natural qualities of.
Chemical Reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
16 terms
cell metabolism
nucleus
nuclear membrane
lysosomes
Golgi apparatus
oval body that controls the cell and contains the chromosomes
membrane that separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell
membrane bag that contains powerful acids and enzymes which b…
stack of sacs that stores, sorts, and modifies proteins made…
nucleus
oval body that controls the cell and contains the chromosomes
nuclear membrane
membrane that separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell
20 terms
Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
a substance that is created in a chemical reaction
to take away from the natural qualities
chemical reaction
the rearrangement of molecules in an experiment
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change in a expe…
23 terms
Cell Metabolism
Carbohydrates
amino acids
lipids
enzymes
Main energy source broken down from polysaccharides, to disac…
proteins are made up of these smaller molecules
An important energy source that is broken down to fatty acids…
proteins that allow chemical reactions to take place at norma…
Carbohydrates
Main energy source broken down from polysaccharides, to disac…
amino acids
proteins are made up of these smaller molecules
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
Anything that is produced, whether as the result of generatio…
destroy the characteristic properties of (a protein or other…
Chemical reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
reactant
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
16 terms
cell metabolism
3 types of engery
Chemical Work
Transport Work
Mechanical Work
Chemical transport and mechanical
making and breaking chemial bonds
movement of ions, molecules,etc. across membranes ofcell or o…
movement of organism, organ,cells, etc.
3 types of engery
Chemical transport and mechanical
Chemical Work
making and breaking chemial bonds
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
3 specific types of metabolic reactions
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
synthesis of larger molecules from smaller reactants
1) Hydrolysis and condensation ... 2) Phophorylation and dephosp…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell
Catabolic
Breakdown of larger molecule into smaller
22 terms
Cells metabolism
Chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
A change in the shape of a protein (such as an enzyme) that c…
Chemical reaction
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
chemical reaction
reactant
product
denature
a process that involves changing the structure of a substance
a substance that undergoes change during a reaction
the broken down substrate
take away or alter the natural qualities of
chemical reaction
a process that involves changing the structure of a substance
reactant
a substance that undergoes change during a reaction
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular of a s…
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
The item that is made
Alter the natural qualities of
Chemical Reaction
A process that involves rearrangement of the molecular of a s…
Reactant
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Denature
Change in substances
Changes during Chemical reaction
Outcome of the chemical Reaction
Becomes weak , and incapable of working
Chemical Reaction
Change in substances
Reactant
Changes during Chemical reaction
21 terms
Cell Metabolism
Enzymes
Coenzymes
Cofactors
Feedback Inhibition
carry out all metabolic reactions in the cell, catalyst (lowe…
organic, known as vitamins, two types... fat-soluble: A, E, D, K…
inorganic, minerals such as iron, zinc, magnesium
the amount of end-product produced acts as a signal that will…
Enzymes
carry out all metabolic reactions in the cell, catalyst (lowe…
Coenzymes
organic, known as vitamins, two types... fat-soluble: A, E, D, K…
22 terms
Cell Metabolism
what is metabolism?
a property that comes only with organi…
taking small molecules and combining t…
taking large molecules and breaking th…
the total sum of all the chemical reactions that take place i…
emergent property
anabolic
catabolic
what is metabolism?
the total sum of all the chemical reactions that take place i…
a property that comes only with organi…
emergent property
117 terms
Cell Metabolism
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
What is Anabolism?
What Catabolism?
Metabolism
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
Includes reactions that build larger,more complex,substances…
Includes the reactions that break down larger,more complex su…
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
46 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cellular Metabolism
All chemical reactions in the body
Uses ATP, process of using energy, growth, repair, ad movemen…
Catabolism makes ATP, releases energy and where digestion dec…
All metabolic processes in the cell, energy from food is used…
Metabolism
All chemical reactions in the body
Anabolism
Uses ATP, process of using energy, growth, repair, ad movemen…
117 terms
Cell Metabolism
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
What is Anabolism?
What Catabolism?
Metabolism
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
Includes reactions that build larger,more complex,substances…
Includes the reactions that break down larger,more complex su…
What is cellular processing of raw mat…
Metabolism
Metabolism can be divided into two par…
1.Anabolism... 2.Catabolism
51 terms
Cell/ Metabolism
Metabolism
3 types
What involves energy?
What releases energy?
Sum of all chem. reactions in the cell
Catabolism, Anabolism, energy balance
All reactions & activities
Catabolism = Break down releases energy (may require energy t…
Metabolism
Sum of all chem. reactions in the cell
3 types
Catabolism, Anabolism, energy balance
10 terms
cell metabolism
metabolism
enzyme
substrate
active site
the sum of all chemical reactions within an organism
biological catalysts the control metabolic reations
a substance that attaches to the enzyme at the active site
the point on an enzyme of temporary attachment to the substra…
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions within an organism
enzyme
biological catalysts the control metabolic reations
14 terms
Cell Metabolism
Fluid mosaic model
diffusion
Passive transport vs active transport
osmosis
Structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
the random mixing of particles in a solution due to the kinet…
Passive Transport does not use energy. Active Transport does.
movement of water from an area of higher to an area of lower…
Fluid mosaic model
Structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
diffusion
the random mixing of particles in a solution due to the kinet…
34 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic reaction
Anabolic reaction
Enzymes
The collective sum of all chemical reactions ... in a cell that…
Chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
Chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
Tertiary level proteins that bond with specific compounds in…
Metabolism
The collective sum of all chemical reactions ... in a cell that…
Catabolic reaction
Chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
23 terms
Cell Metabolism
Anabolic
Catabolic
Catobolism (3 stages)
hydrolysis
Synthetic energy , building up molecules into larger ones
Break stuff down, releasing energy
Hydrolysis, Cytosol, Mitochondria
Breaks down stuff in the GI tract, Taken up by Sm intestine c…
Anabolic
Synthetic energy , building up molecules into larger ones
Catabolic
Break stuff down, releasing energy
11 terms
Cell metabolism
ATP
Glycolosis
Aneroblic Metabolism
Fermentation
main source of energy for cellular processes
location: cytoplasm ... no oxygen ... glucose to pyruvic acid ... requ…
no oxygen ... 2 ATP through glycolosis to glucose
produces lactic acid ... regenerates NAD+
ATP
main source of energy for cellular processes
Glycolosis
location: cytoplasm ... no oxygen ... glucose to pyruvic acid ... requ…
21 terms
Cell Metabolism
Anabolic
Catabolic
Metabolism
ATP
building compound... AA+AA+AA+ATP--> tripeptide
breaking down compounds... release energy... glucose--> 6CO2+6H2O+…
sum of all chemical changes that take place within an organism
energy source of cell derived from catabolic reaction
Anabolic
building compound... AA+AA+AA+ATP--> tripeptide
Catabolic
breaking down compounds... release energy... glucose--> 6CO2+6H2O+…
8 terms
Cell Metabolism
ATP
Glycolysis (assuming eukaryote)
Anaerobic Metabolism
Fermentation (anaerobic)
-Main source of energy for cellular processes (makings energy…
-CYTOSOL... -The anaerobic catabolism of glucose to pyruvic acid…
-In absence of O2... -Creates 2 NET ATP through glycolysis of gl…
Produces lactic acid (muscle cells) OR ethanol & CO2 (yeast)
ATP
-Main source of energy for cellular processes (makings energy…
Glycolysis (assuming eukaryote)
-CYTOSOL... -The anaerobic catabolism of glucose to pyruvic acid…
17 terms
Cell metabolism
ATP
Exergonic energy
Endergonic energy
Metabolism
Energy currency of cells
Release energy
Require energy to occur
Breaking down and building up of molecules
ATP
Energy currency of cells
Exergonic energy
Release energy
64 terms
Cell Metabolism
The oxidation of glucose is __________…
The energy for ATP synthesis comes fro…
The energy liberated by the breakdown…
Unused released energy often appears a…
catabolic
the concentration gradients of H+ ions across membranes
ATP
body heat
The oxidation of glucose is __________…
catabolic
The energy for ATP synthesis comes fro…
the concentration gradients of H+ ions across membranes
66 terms
Cell Metabolism
6H2O + 6CO2 + Heat + 30 ATP
ATP
Electrons
Electronegative
Glucose + 6O2 yields
ADP + Pi yield
Oxygen like ________ more than hydrogen
O2 is highly ____________.
6H2O + 6CO2 + Heat + 30 ATP
Glucose + 6O2 yields
ATP
ADP + Pi yield
34 terms
Cell Metabolism
Aerobic catabolism
Amino acids
Anabolism
Anaerobic catabolism
Catabolism with oxygen
Building block of proteins ;
Includes reactions that build larger, more complex substances…
Catabolism with the absence of oxygen
Aerobic catabolism
Catabolism with oxygen
Amino acids
Building block of proteins ;
23 terms
Cell Metabolism
ATP
Sources of energy carbohydrates
Unique feature of glucose by tissues
Aerobic conversion of glucose to energy
The energy currency of the body.
After digestion of carbs, glucose, fructose, and galactose ex…
1. Intestinal and renal tubules use active transport (sodium-…
TCA cycle and electron transport chain work together during a…
ATP
The energy currency of the body.
Sources of energy carbohydrates
After digestion of carbs, glucose, fructose, and galactose ex…
38 terms
cell metabolism
metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reaction
enzymes
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that r…
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
tertiary level proteins that bind with specific compounds in…
metabolism
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that r…
catabolic reactions
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
29 terms
Cell Metabolism
Glucose
Amino acids
Nonessential amino acids
Disaccharides
Monosaccharide that provides the primary source of energy for…
Building blocks joined together by peptide bonds; building bl…
Amino acids that can be synthesized by the body
Sucrose, maltose, and lactose; sometimes called double sugars
Glucose
Monosaccharide that provides the primary source of energy for…
Amino acids
Building blocks joined together by peptide bonds; building bl…
16 terms
Cell Metabolism
anabolism, catabolism, functional acti…
oxidation of glucose
oxidation of fatty acids
utilization of proteins (amino acids)
energy (ATP) is required for what?
what is the primary source of energy?
what is the alternate reserve source of energy?
under extreme conditions how do cells obtain their energy req…
anabolism, catabolism, functional acti…
energy (ATP) is required for what?
oxidation of glucose
what is the primary source of energy?
30 terms
Cell metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Reactions require an input of energy in the form of ATP
Release energy that is converted into ATP and used to run the…
Organic compounds composed of hydrogen carbon and oxygen
Sugars containing three to six carbons
Anabolism
Reactions require an input of energy in the form of ATP
Catabolism
Release energy that is converted into ATP and used to run the…
8 terms
Cell Metabolism
3-6 carbons
Sucrose, maltose, lactose
Anerobic catabolism
Aerobic catabolism
How many carbons do monosachhardes contain?
Diasacharides
Glucose in the absence of oxygen
Glucose in the presence of oxygen
3-6 carbons
How many carbons do monosachhardes contain?
Sucrose, maltose, lactose
Diasacharides
25 terms
Cell metabolism
ATP
Reduction
Oxidation
Electromagnitivity
Adenosine Triphosp... hate
Gain electrons e-
Loss of electrons e-
Some atoms want electrons more than others
ATP
Adenosine Triphosp... hate
Reduction
Gain electrons e-
33 terms
cell metabolism
Glucose
glycolysis
sucrose
lactose
can be broken down to CO2, H2O, ATP, and heat... highest amount…
anarobic no O2... in cytoplasm... 1 glucose for 2 pyruvate ... product…
tabel sugar... dissacharide (glucose and fructose)... fructose yiel…
milk sugar... dissacharide (glucose and galactose)... galactose yie…
Glucose
can be broken down to CO2, H2O, ATP, and heat... highest amount…
glycolysis
anarobic no O2... in cytoplasm... 1 glucose for 2 pyruvate ... product…
10 terms
Cell Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic Reaction
Anabolic Reaction
Enzymes
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
chemical reactions that link small molecules together into la…
tertiary level proteins that bond with specific compounds in…
Metabolism
the collective sum of all chemical reactions in a cell that e…
Catabolic Reaction
chemical reactions that break apart large molecules into mult…
27 terms
Cell Metabolism
Mitochondria
Catabolic reaction
Anabolic reaction
ATP
-organelle... -site of cellular respiration
-breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones... -releasing…
-building up simpler molecules into more complex ones... -consum…
-adenosine triphosphate... -adenine + ribose + 3 phosphates... -2 h…
Mitochondria
-organelle... -site of cellular respiration
Catabolic reaction
-breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones... -releasing…
23 terms
Cell Metabolism
ATP stands for _____.
Glycolysis occurs in the _____.
FAD is a coenzyme derived from the vit…
The oxidized form of Nicotinamide Aden…
Adenosine triphosphate
cytosol
riboflavin
NAD+
ATP stands for _____.
Adenosine triphosphate
Glycolysis occurs in the _____.
cytosol
35 terms
Cell metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Dehydration Synthesis
Hudrolysis
Small molecules are built up into larger one, requiring emergy
Larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones releasing…
Joins simple sugar molecules to form larger molecules of glyc…
Can decompose carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins; reverse of…
Anabolism
Small molecules are built up into larger one, requiring emergy
Catabolism
Larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones releasing…
14 terms
Cell metabolism
Chloropalst
Thylakoids
Chlorophyll
Stroma
Organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Are membrane sacs in the chloroplast that contain chlorophyll
Pigment in the chloroplast that absorbs the light
The liquid between the stacks
Chloropalst
Organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Thylakoids
Are membrane sacs in the chloroplast that contain chlorophyll
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