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Study sets matching "cells organelles ap biology"

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Study sets matching "cells organelles ap biology"

27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
28 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Glyoxysomes
Amyloplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
Specialized peroxisomes responsible for the conversions of fa…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucose... 1.5 to 8 um... s…
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
26 terms
AP BIOLOGY Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Site of Ribosome synthesis. (BOTH)
Cytoplasm Area from Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus filled wit…
Nucleus
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Nuclear Envelope
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
18 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Found inside a nucleus; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
14 terms
MHS AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
25 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Plasmodesmata
Tight Junctions
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
holes and channels in the cell wall that connect adjacent cel…
Establish barriers that prevents leakage of cytoplasm... 0.1 um…
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
31 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
18 terms
AP Biology (Cell Organelles)
CELL MEMBRANE (AP)
NUCLEUS (AP)
NUCLEOLUS (AP)
ROUGH ER (AP)
-Phospholipid Bilayer: two layers of phospholipids arranged w…
-Stores genetic info (DNA)... -Surrounded by a nuclear enveloped
-Produces ribosomes
-Manufactures proteins (for export or use in cell membrane)... -…
CELL MEMBRANE (AP)
-Phospholipid Bilayer: two layers of phospholipids arranged w…
NUCLEUS (AP)
-Stores genetic info (DNA)... -Surrounded by a nuclear enveloped
82 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
16 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Microfilaments
Lysosomes
Structurally supports & imparts shape to cell; moves cell and…
Cylinders of tubulin; organize cell interior & move cellular…
Two helically coiled actin chains; form flexible linear bundl…
Digests; recycles materials
Cytoskeleton
Structurally supports & imparts shape to cell; moves cell and…
Microtubules
Cylinders of tubulin; organize cell interior & move cellular…
16 terms
AP Biology: Cell Organelles
plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
ribosomes
a double-layered structure made up of phospholipids and prote…
controls reproduction and activities in the cell, houses DNA…
part of the nucleus where rRNA is made and ribosomes are asse…
synthesizes protein, can either be free floating in the cell…
plasma membrane
a double-layered structure made up of phospholipids and prote…
nucleus
controls reproduction and activities in the cell, houses DNA…
28 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Glyoxysomes
Amyloplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
Specialized peroxisomes responsible for the conversions of fa…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucose... 1.5 to 8 um... s…
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
Micro-body that removes excess hydrogen from the cell and com…
26 terms
AP BIOLOGY Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Site of Ribosome synthesis. (BOTH)
Cytoplasm Area from Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus filled wit…
Nucleus
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Nuclear Envelope
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
46 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
nuclear envelope
nuclear envelope
Golgi Apparatus
-surrounds genetic material... -present in both animal and plant…
-separates nucleus from the cytoplasm... -present in both animal…
-double lipid bilayer regulates what goes into the cell ... -pre…
-packaging organelle... -present in both animal and plant cells
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -present in both animal and plant…
nuclear envelope
-separates nucleus from the cytoplasm... -present in both animal…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
30 terms
Cell Organelles (AP Biology)
Nucleus
Nucleolus
How are ribosomes made?
Ribosome
-where DNA is; will determine what kind of cell it is... -contro…
-all genes that make ribosomes are here... -ribosomes are made h…
First, ribosomal RNA is made, then sent out to make proteins…
-a protein that builds other special proteins by transcribing…
Nucleus
-where DNA is; will determine what kind of cell it is... -contro…
Nucleolus
-all genes that make ribosomes are here... -ribosomes are made h…
36 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelle Flashcards
nucleus system
nuclear envelope/membrane with pores
chromosomes
chromatin
The central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
(nucleus) The double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds t…
(nucleus) Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus o…
(nucleus) A complex of DNA and protein that forms chromosomes…
nucleus system
The central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
nuclear envelope/membrane with pores
(nucleus) The double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds t…
AP Biology: CELL ORGANELLES
Cytosol
Endoplasmic reticulum
Flagellum
Centrosome
Semi fluid medium
Network or membranous sacs and tubes; active in membrane synt…
Locomotion organelle present in some animal cells; composed o…
Region where the cells microtubules are initiated in an anima…
Cytosol
Semi fluid medium
Endoplasmic reticulum
Network or membranous sacs and tubes; active in membrane synt…
9 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Control center of the cell, holds genes and DNA; specific ins…
A folded membrane structure that makes proteins (rough) and l…
Made up of proteins and ribosomal RNA, translates the message…
Takes information produced in the endoplasmic reticulum and s…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell, holds genes and DNA; specific ins…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A folded membrane structure that makes proteins (rough) and l…
55 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
A lipid bilayer that surrounds the cell. Is a protective laye…
Organelle that produces energy for the cell in the form of AT…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Golgi Apparatus
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
32 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Bacterial Cell Envelope
Plasma Membrane
Bacterial Capsule/Glycocalyx
Cytoplasm
Protects organisms from hostile environments ... Plasma membran…
Outside layer of cell unless cell wall is present ... Regulates…
Attaches to cell membrane ... Grabs onto body parts
Holds organelles in place
Bacterial Cell Envelope
Protects organisms from hostile environments ... Plasma membran…
Plasma Membrane
Outside layer of cell unless cell wall is present ... Regulates…
Cell Organelles-AP Biology
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
outer envelope of the cell; complex double-layered structure…
the "control center of the cell"; ... Function: directs what goe…
the "sites of protein synthesis" ... Function: manufactures all…
a continuous channel that extends into many regions of the cy…
Plasma Membrane
outer envelope of the cell; complex double-layered structure…
Nucleus
the "control center of the cell"; ... Function: directs what goe…
48 terms
AP Biology cell organelles
cell membrane/ plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nuclear envvelope
made of phospholipid bilayer,moves molecules in and out of th…
hold membrane-bound organelles
contains the genetic information
encloses nucleus
cell membrane/ plasma membrane
made of phospholipid bilayer,moves molecules in and out of th…
cytoplasm
hold membrane-bound organelles
18 terms
AP Biology (Cell Organelles)
CELL MEMBRANE (AP)
NUCLEUS (AP)
NUCLEOLUS (AP)
ROUGH ER (AP)
-Phospholipid Bilayer: two layers of phospholipids arranged w…
-Stores genetic info (DNA)... -Surrounded by a nuclear enveloped
-Produces ribosomes
-Manufactures proteins (for export or use in cell membrane)... -…
CELL MEMBRANE (AP)
-Phospholipid Bilayer: two layers of phospholipids arranged w…
NUCLEUS (AP)
-Stores genetic info (DNA)... -Surrounded by a nuclear enveloped
26 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
A lipid bilayer that surrounds the cell. Is a protective laye…
Organelle that produces energy for the cell in the form of AT…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Golgi Apparatus
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
55 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
A lipid bilayer that surrounds the cell. Is a protective laye…
Organelle that produces energy for the cell in the form of AT…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Golgi Apparatus
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
77 terms
AP Biology Cells and Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromosomes
-increase surface area ... -metabolic processes; enzymes embedde…
-studded with protein called pore complex... -control entry and…
-synthesizes RNA... -assembles ribosomal units, RNA, and protein…
-made of chromatin... -protein and DNA
Plasma Membrane
-increase surface area ... -metabolic processes; enzymes embedde…
Nucleus
-studded with protein called pore complex... -control entry and…
29 terms
AP Biology-Cells and Organelles
Cell
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
basic functional unit of all living things
contains domains Bacteria and Archaea; have no nucleus or mem…
have a true nucleus enclosed in a nuclear envelope and numero…
bounds the cell and encloses the nucleus and cytoplasm; separ…
Cell
basic functional unit of all living things
Prokaryotic Cells
contains domains Bacteria and Archaea; have no nucleus or mem…
12 terms
AP Biology review Cell organelles
Glycoprotein
Phospholipid
Transport protines
Nucleus
a molecule on the outside of cell that can help a other cells…
the cell membrane that consists of polar phosphate heads and…
proteins in a cell membrane that help transport molecules or…
membrane bound sphere in eukaryotic cells, where the DNA is s…
Glycoprotein
a molecule on the outside of cell that can help a other cells…
Phospholipid
the cell membrane that consists of polar phosphate heads and…
17 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleoid
Nucelus
Ribosomes
Provides structure to cell; site of many metabolic reactions;…
Location of DNA
Cell organelles that houses DNA and direct synthesis of ribos…
Protein synthesis
Cytoplasm
Provides structure to cell; site of many metabolic reactions;…
Nucleoid
Location of DNA
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Ribosome
Smooth ER
Rough ER
-houses chromosomes (made of chromatin)... -contains nucleoli... -w…
-makes proteins
-synthesis of lipids... -metabolism of carbs... -detoxification of…
-aids in synthesis of proteins from ribosomes... -adds carbs to…
Nucleus
-houses chromosomes (made of chromatin)... -contains nucleoli... -w…
Ribosome
-makes proteins
26 terms
AP BIOLOGY Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
Site of Ribosome synthesis. (BOTH)
Cytoplasm Area from Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus filled wit…
Nucleus
Houses DNA (BOTH)
Nuclear Envelope
Porous outer structure of Nucleus. Controls what gets in and…
22 terms
AP Biology: Cell Organelles
Cell membrane
Nucleoid
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
A selectively permeable barrier that surrounds the cell; cons…
the region where the DNA is located in prokaryotes
the rest of the materials inside the cell besides the nucleus
the liquid part of the cytoplasm; contains ions, small molecu…
Cell membrane
A selectively permeable barrier that surrounds the cell; cons…
Nucleoid
the region where the DNA is located in prokaryotes
15 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Makes Ribosome RNA
Holds DNA and Controls the Cell
Has no Ribosomes on it. Makes lipids
Has Ribosomes on it. Helps make proteins
Nucleolus
Makes Ribosome RNA
Nucleus
Holds DNA and Controls the Cell
36 terms
AP Biology Cells & Organelles
Hierarchy
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Cellular levels
system with living organisms and non living envinoment
Several individuals of one species
every living species in an area
Hierarchy
Cellular levels
Ecosystem
system with living organisms and non living envinoment
18 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Found inside a nucleus; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
20 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Cilia
Structure: It consists of the phospholipid bilayer with embed…
Structure: composed of cellulose. Cellulose is a structural c…
Structure: consists of "jelly like" cytosol, a semifluid mixt…
Structure: microscopic, hair-like structures that extend outw…
Cell Membrane
Structure: It consists of the phospholipid bilayer with embed…
Cell Wall
Structure: composed of cellulose. Cellulose is a structural c…
21 terms
AP Biology Cells, organelles
Nucelus
ER
Common theme in every organism is-
Rough ER
Biggest organelle. Protects DNA. Thick membrane with pores an…
Huge passageway in a cell.
To increase surface area by folding
Ribosomes are attached. Makes proteins that leave the cell
Nucelus
Biggest organelle. Protects DNA. Thick membrane with pores an…
ER
Huge passageway in a cell.
22 terms
AP Biology Cell organelles
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Nuclear envelope
Control center of the cell
DNA & Proteins; genetic information
Area where ribosomal RNA is made
Surrounds and protects the nucleus
Nucleus
Control center of the cell
Chromatin
DNA & Proteins; genetic information
24 terms
AP Biology - Cell Organelles and Functions
Nucleus
Nucleous
Nuclear pores
Rough ER
The power centre of a cell
Where ribosomes are created
highway from nucleus to nucleolus to outside (cytoplasm)
make proteins to be secreted by cell or become part of cell m…
Nucleus
The power centre of a cell
Nucleous
Where ribosomes are created
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