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Study sets matching "cells replication"

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Study sets matching "cells replication"

15 terms
cell replication
chromosome
mitosis
daughter cell
diploid
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
The product of cell division.
2 sets of chromosomes
chromosome
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
30 terms
cell replication
cell production
What is a cell cycle?
cell theory
once a cell gets big enough it...
Division
A regular sequence of cell growth and division that can be re…
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Divides
cell production
Division
What is a cell cycle?
A regular sequence of cell growth and division that can be re…
23 terms
Cell Replication
anaphase
apoptosis
autosomes
cell cycle
Stage of mitosis during which single-stranded chromosomes mov…
The natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death.
Any one of a pair of homologous chromosomes that are identica…
Series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
anaphase
Stage of mitosis during which single-stranded chromosomes mov…
apoptosis
The natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death.
12 terms
Cell Replication
Cell replication
Cell cycle
Apoptosis
Mitosis
The process by which a single cell divides into two or more d…
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
A series of changes which result in the death of a cell
A division of a nucleus that results in two cells that are ge…
Cell replication
The process by which a single cell divides into two or more d…
Cell cycle
Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
13 terms
cell replication
mitosis:
anaphase:
binary fission:
asexual reproduction:
process involved in the production of new cells genetically i…
stage of mitosis during which single-stranded chromosomes mov…
process of cell multiplication in bacteria and other unicellu…
method of producing offspring that does not involve the fusio…
mitosis:
process involved in the production of new cells genetically i…
anaphase:
stage of mitosis during which single-stranded chromosomes mov…
25 terms
Cell Replication
interphase of mitosis
metaphase of mitosis
prophase of mitosis
anaphase of mitosis
4 total centrioles, 4 chromosomes, centrioles outside the nuc…
align chromosomes single file along "equator" between centrio…
nuclear envelope disintegrates, centrioles move to opposite s…
individual chromosomes, centromeres come apart, daughter chro…
interphase of mitosis
4 total centrioles, 4 chromosomes, centrioles outside the nuc…
metaphase of mitosis
align chromosomes single file along "equator" between centrio…
33 terms
Cell replication
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
13 terms
cell replication
chromosome
mitosis
daughter cell
diploid
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
The product of cell division.
2 sets of chromosomes
chromosome
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Cell replication
Interphase
G1
S
G2
cell that is not currently dividing. the cell grows, carries…
first gap phase, newly created cell enters G1 during which it…
Synthesis phase. the cell in G1 is triggered to begin synthes…
second gap phase. grows, synthesize RNA and protein.
Interphase
cell that is not currently dividing. the cell grows, carries…
G1
first gap phase, newly created cell enters G1 during which it…
9 terms
Cell replication
Interphase
G1
S
G2
cell that is not currently dividing. the cell grows, carries…
first gap phase, newly created cell enters G1 during which it…
Synthesis phase. the cell in G1 is triggered to begin synthes…
second gap phase. grows, synthesize RNA and protein.
Interphase
cell that is not currently dividing. the cell grows, carries…
G1
first gap phase, newly created cell enters G1 during which it…
Cell Replication
mitosis
Interphase
G1
S
process of nuclear and cytoplasmic division of cells
Phase in cell cycle before mitosis begins
Cell grows, proteins synthesized
DNA replication begins
mitosis
process of nuclear and cytoplasmic division of cells
Interphase
Phase in cell cycle before mitosis begins
20 terms
Cell Replication
Chromatin
Histone
DNA Replication
DNA Ploymerase
A complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within t…
Any group of basic proteins found in chromatin.
DNA replication is the process of producing two identical rep…
Enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides,…
Chromatin
A complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within t…
Histone
Any group of basic proteins found in chromatin.
9 terms
Cell Replication
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
occurs in body (somatic) cells, results in 2n diploid cells,…
cell prepares to divide, nuclear membrane breaks down and spi…
two sets of chromosomes line up in the middle
two sets of chromosomes move apart to opposite ends
Mitosis
occurs in body (somatic) cells, results in 2n diploid cells,…
Prophase
cell prepares to divide, nuclear membrane breaks down and spi…
25 terms
Cell Replication
Cell Cycle
M Phase Sub Steps
Which Cells & When? (G0 Phase)
Cell Cycle Control
-central to wound healing, normal cell replacement, tumor gro…
1) prophase: chromosome condense... 2) prometaphase: nuclear mem…
-many cells are permanently stopped (post-mitotic), no outsid…
-external signals cause internal signals that cause consequen…
Cell Cycle
-central to wound healing, normal cell replacement, tumor gro…
M Phase Sub Steps
1) prophase: chromosome condense... 2) prometaphase: nuclear mem…
100 terms
Cell Replication and Cell Death
reasons for cellular replication in un…
multicellular organisms replicate cell…
required events for division in both e…
the division of eukaryotic cells is ca…
reproduce themselves ... eukaryotic example: yeast
1.to reproduce themselves... 2. regeneration→ like in the liver…
1.replication of genetic material... 2.distribution of replicate…
the cell cycle by sexual reproduction
reasons for cellular replication in un…
reproduce themselves ... eukaryotic example: yeast
multicellular organisms replicate cell…
1.to reproduce themselves... 2. regeneration→ like in the liver…
55 terms
Cell Cycle and DNA Replication
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Metaphase
Interphase
Prophase
20 terms
Cell replication
Cell replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Gametes
The process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied…
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
A type of cell division that results in four genetically diff…
A mature haploid male or female germ cell which is able to un…
Cell replication
The process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied…
Mitosis
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
20 terms
Cell Replication
Transformation
Griffith
Avery
Hershey-Chase
Change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of exter…
Finds out vaguely that there is something being inherited or…
Found out DNA was the transforming agent... -BUT people still th…
Supported Avery's finding by tagging T2 cells to find that on…
Transformation
Change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of exter…
Griffith
Finds out vaguely that there is something being inherited or…
34 terms
Cell Replication
somatic cell division
mitosis
meiosis
interphase
cells divide to replace themselves
parent cell divides and produces two daughter cells. daughter…
reproductive cell division used to make gametes. diploid pare…
between phases and not part of cell division. 75% of cycle an…
somatic cell division
cells divide to replace themselves
mitosis
parent cell divides and produces two daughter cells. daughter…
9 terms
Cell replication
Cell replication
Exponential
Viral replication
Genetic diversity
Elongates/DNA replaced... Cell wall/plasma membrane begin to div…
Rapid/short growth period
Extremly rapid... Significantly complicates antiviral theory
Necessary for evoloution... Natural selection for the best in a…
Cell replication
Elongates/DNA replaced... Cell wall/plasma membrane begin to div…
Exponential
Rapid/short growth period
23 terms
Cell Replication
Length of cell cycle
Point in cell cycle where DNA in repli…
Parts of cell cycle
Mitotic phase
usually 10-30hrs in plants, 18-24hrs in humans
S (Synthesis)
G1 (gap 1), S (synthesis), G2 (gap 2), Mitosis (PMAT), Cytoki…
arbitrary stages (occurs in dif. tissues in dif. animals/plan…
Length of cell cycle
usually 10-30hrs in plants, 18-24hrs in humans
Point in cell cycle where DNA in repli…
S (Synthesis)
14 terms
Cell replication
Base pairs
Purines
Helicase
Topoisomerase
Adenine-> thymine(2 H bonds)... Guanine->cytosine(3 H bonds)
Adenine, guanine
"Unzips" DNA by breaking hydrogen bonds
Relaxes DNA
Base pairs
Adenine-> thymine(2 H bonds)... Guanine->cytosine(3 H bonds)
Purines
Adenine, guanine
93 terms
Cell Replication
46 Chromosomes
Parts of the Cell Cycle
Genome
S phase
meiosis turns to 23 per... reduces to half
Interphase (G1,S,G2) 90%... Mitotic or Meiotic 10%
all the cells genetic information
DNA synthesis
46 Chromosomes
meiosis turns to 23 per... reduces to half
Parts of the Cell Cycle
Interphase (G1,S,G2) 90%... Mitotic or Meiotic 10%
Cell Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Daughter Cells
DNA Replication
A process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell,…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Process in which unzipped DNA strands serve as templates for…
Mitosis
A process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell,…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
29 terms
cell replication
chromosome
genome
eukaryotic chromosomes
prokaryotic chromosomes
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
linear
circular loop
chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
genome
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
65 terms
Cell Replication
Ribosomes
Attached ribosomes
Free ribosomes
ER
- cite of protein synthesis... - can be found directly in cytopl…
make proteins that are used outside of cell, export proteins,…
Proteins that are used within the cell
- manufactures, processes, and transports a wide variety of b…
Ribosomes
- cite of protein synthesis... - can be found directly in cytopl…
Attached ribosomes
make proteins that are used outside of cell, export proteins,…
15 terms
Cell replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid cell
Haploid cell
-Growth and diferentiarion... -Repair and renewal... -Asexual repro…
Produces gametes - eggs and sperm
2n - 2 sets of 23 chromosomes
n - Half of 46 chromosomes (no pairs)
Mitosis
-Growth and diferentiarion... -Repair and renewal... -Asexual repro…
Meiosis
Produces gametes - eggs and sperm
Cell Replication
Preparation for mitosis and meiosis an…
Meiosis
Meiosis has 2 meiotic divisions follow…
Two types of Cell Division in most Euk…
1. Interphase: includes G1, S (duplication of DNA 6 of 23.5hr…
Sex cell division reduces the chromosome number by half. Meio…
Meiosis I: includes Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, and…
Mitosis (identical) and Meiosis (reductional). Both are prece…
Preparation for mitosis and meiosis an…
1. Interphase: includes G1, S (duplication of DNA 6 of 23.5hr…
Meiosis
Sex cell division reduces the chromosome number by half. Meio…
32 terms
Cell replication
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Chromatin
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
The fusion of two separate parent cells.
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA.
The tightly coiled association of DNA and protein.
Asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Sexual reproduction
The fusion of two separate parent cells.
28 terms
Cell Replication
Somatic Cell Division
Reproductive Cell Division
Interphase
G1
All of the body cells reproducing themselves... -Called mitosis…
The reproduction of gametes. ... -Cells used for sexual reproduc…
-75% of the life of the cell is spent doing cell things (maki…
Producing proteins, etc. Centriole begins to replicate. Doesn…
Somatic Cell Division
All of the body cells reproducing themselves... -Called mitosis…
Reproductive Cell Division
The reproduction of gametes. ... -Cells used for sexual reproduc…
12 terms
Cell Replication
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
Replication fork
leading strand
joins small fragments into a continuous chain
adds nucleotides to growing chain, proofreads and corrects im…
end of each replication bubble
parental strand where continuous replication can occur (5'-3'…
DNA ligase
joins small fragments into a continuous chain
DNA polymerase
adds nucleotides to growing chain, proofreads and corrects im…
9 terms
Cell Replication
Somatic Cells
Gametes
Replication
Mitosis
Living cells that arent reproductive
Reproductive cells
DNA is duplicated
DNA is moved into opposite side of parent cells
Somatic Cells
Living cells that arent reproductive
Gametes
Reproductive cells
29 terms
Cell Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
nuclear division
identical to parent and each other, produces 2 diploid, somat…
gamete reproduction (sex cell), produces 4 haploid from 2 hap…
the inbetween phase, not a part of cell division, the cell sp…
dividing of nucleus
Mitosis
identical to parent and each other, produces 2 diploid, somat…
Meiosis
gamete reproduction (sex cell), produces 4 haploid from 2 hap…
22 terms
Cell Replication
M Phase
1. Interphase
2. Prophase
3. Prometaphase
Mitosis... Where actual cell division occurs... Each chromosome sta…
Chromosomes replicate into 2 sister chromatids... Centrosomes re…
Chromosomes condense... Spindle Apparatus begins to form
Nuclear envelope breaks down... Microtubules contact chromosomes…
M Phase
Mitosis... Where actual cell division occurs... Each chromosome sta…
1. Interphase
Chromosomes replicate into 2 sister chromatids... Centrosomes re…
10 terms
Cell Replication
cells performing normal functions; lon…
chromosomes unravel to form chromatin
nuclear division
spindle fibers break up; nucleus reapp…
interphase
telophase
mitosis
telophase
cells performing normal functions; lon…
interphase
chromosomes unravel to form chromatin
telophase
21 terms
Cell Replication
Why new cells?
Cell division AKA
Meiosis
Meiosis Location
Size, replace old, repair tissues
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
1/2 of adults DNA/Sperm and eggs
Testes/Ovaries
Why new cells?
Size, replace old, repair tissues
Cell division AKA
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
13 terms
Cell replication
Cell cycle
Interphase
G0 phase
G1 phase
sequence of events undergoed by cells which leads to division…
stage of cell cycle where cell grows, replicates DNA, duplica…
non-dividing stage of interphase
stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its norm…
Cell cycle
sequence of events undergoed by cells which leads to division…
Interphase
stage of cell cycle where cell grows, replicates DNA, duplica…
35 terms
Cell Replication
G1
G2
S-Synthesis
Uncondensed chromosomes
Growth after division, before replication
Period after DNA replication, cell prepares for mitosis by bu…
Replication of DNA
Long thin strands of DNA that cannot be seen under a microscope
G1
Growth after division, before replication
G2
Period after DNA replication, cell prepares for mitosis by bu…
9 terms
cell replication
somatic cell
locus
centromere
chromatid
a cell other than sex cell
position of the gene on a chromosome
centre of a chromosome
half of a chromosome
somatic cell
a cell other than sex cell
locus
position of the gene on a chromosome
33 terms
Cell Replication
Genotype
Phenotype
Codon
Adenine
genetic makeup of an organism
physical appearance and function
a series of 3 nucleotides in a row
One of the four nucleotides for DNA & RNA (A)
Genotype
genetic makeup of an organism
Phenotype
physical appearance and function
13 terms
Cell Replication
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
telophase
chromosomes line up in the middle; centrioles move to opposit…
spindle fibers attach to chromosomes, pulling them to the pol…
nuclear membrane and nucleolus disappears, and chromatin cond…
cleavage furrow forms and cell begins to split. spindle fiber…
metaphase
chromosomes line up in the middle; centrioles move to opposit…
anaphase
spindle fibers attach to chromosomes, pulling them to the pol…
10 terms
Cell replication
G1
S phase
G2
Prophase
DNA is in one long chromatin. Cell is functioning normally
DNA replicates- 2 chromatin
Chromtin is replicated, cell still functioning normally. Cent…
DNA is in chromosome form (sister chromatids attached at cent…
G1
DNA is in one long chromatin. Cell is functioning normally
S phase
DNA replicates- 2 chromatin
Cell Replication
Soma
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
-means body
-one cell divides to make 2 daughter cells... -both diploid... -dau…
-start with diploid & divides into 4 gametes... - diploid ->hapl…
-The in between phase... -NOT a part of cell division... -The cell…
Soma
-means body
Mitosis
-one cell divides to make 2 daughter cells... -both diploid... -dau…
9 terms
Cell replication
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Occurs in body cells... Mitosis is the replication of the nuc…
Cell prepares to divide, spindle apparatous forms
Two sets of chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Two sets of chromosome move apart
Mitosis
Occurs in body cells... Mitosis is the replication of the nuc…
Prophase
Cell prepares to divide, spindle apparatous forms
11 terms
Cell Replication
What are the requirements for cell rep…
Eukaryotic cell replication is respons…
What is a chromosome?
What are sex chromosomes?
copying of the DNA, separation of the copied DNA, and divisio…
growth, wound repair, and reproduction
it consists of a single, long DNA double helix that is wrappe…
a type of chromosome that contains genes involved in the dete…
What are the requirements for cell rep…
copying of the DNA, separation of the copied DNA, and divisio…
Eukaryotic cell replication is respons…
growth, wound repair, and reproduction
29 terms
Cell Replication
The process of duplicating a DNA molec…
Template Strand
Daughter Strand
Semiconservative replication
DNA replication
model for newly synthesized DNA
newly synthesized DNA
after replication, each new DNA duplex will consist of one st…
The process of duplicating a DNA molec…
DNA replication
Template Strand
model for newly synthesized DNA
39 terms
Ch8: Cell replication
Cell division
Reasons for cell division
Cell replication formula
3rd cell division
Creating identical cells so genetic information to passed on…
Restoring the nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratio, growth and developm…
C = 2^n
8 cells
Cell division
Creating identical cells so genetic information to passed on…
Reasons for cell division
Restoring the nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratio, growth and developm…
30 terms
Cell Replication
Fertilised egg
Mitosis
Meiosis
Mitosis reproduces what?
zygote
Single cell divides into two identical cells following the re…
is the process whereby a single cell divides into daughter ce…
the parent cell for the purposes of the growth of the tissue…
Fertilised egg
zygote
Mitosis
Single cell divides into two identical cells following the re…
26 terms
Cell replication
somatic cell division
reproductive cell division
cell cycle
G1 phase
Have same genetic makeup ... Diploid... Parent cell creates 2 daugh…
Stem cell divides that are genetically different from one ano…
interphase, G1, S, G2
cell growth and produces proteins, the centriole begins to re…
somatic cell division
Have same genetic makeup ... Diploid... Parent cell creates 2 daugh…
reproductive cell division
Stem cell divides that are genetically different from one ano…
38 terms
Cell Replication
Somatic cell division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
All of the bodies cells can replace themselves
(Somatic cell division) ... Produces 2 daughter cells which are…
(Reproductive cell division)... Stem cell produces gametes... Produ…
NOT dividing, 75% (MOST) of the cells time is spent here
Somatic cell division
All of the bodies cells can replace themselves
Mitosis
(Somatic cell division) ... Produces 2 daughter cells which are…
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