Study sets matching "cells vocab"

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Study sets matching "cells vocab"

Unit 2: Cells Vocabulary
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Microscopes
Ultracentrifuge
Cells with no nuclear or internal membranes.... Evolved 3.6 bill…
Cells with internal membranes, such as lysosomes, vacuoles, a…
Light microscope - common scope.... Phase-contrast microscope -…
Spins liquefied cell homogenates at high speed, separating th…
Prokaryotes
Cells with no nuclear or internal membranes.... Evolved 3.6 bill…
Eukaryotes
Cells with internal membranes, such as lysosomes, vacuoles, a…
Cell Vocabulary
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cell wall
organelle
the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell.
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus,…
rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cel…
structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act…
cell membrane
the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell.
cytoplasm
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus,…
18 terms
Cell Vocabulary
cell membrane
cell theory
cell wall
chloroplast
outer covering that protects all cells and controls what mate…
scientific observations and conclusions about cells. Has 3 pa…
tough, rigid covering that gives a plant cell protection and…
green organelles in plant cells that have chlorophyll and mak…
cell membrane
outer covering that protects all cells and controls what mate…
cell theory
scientific observations and conclusions about cells. Has 3 pa…
15 terms
Cell vocabulary
cell
organelle
tissue
organ
the smallest unit of a living thing that is able to perform a…
bodies inside a cell that perform functions / jobs for the cell
a group of similar cells working together to perform a functi…
a group of similar tissues working together to perform a func…
cell
the smallest unit of a living thing that is able to perform a…
organelle
bodies inside a cell that perform functions / jobs for the cell
24 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
Organism whose cells contain a nuclei
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Movement of a substance across the cell membrane in which the…
Prokaryote
Unicellular organism lacking a nucleus
Eukaryote
Organism whose cells contain a nuclei
29 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Anton Van Leuuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
What all living things are made up of; named by Robert Hooke
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
The first to see living cells through a microscope.
Coined the term, "Cell" and identified cells when looking at…
Cell
What all living things are made up of; named by Robert Hooke
Cell Theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
20 terms
Cells Vocabulary
cell
organelle
cell membrame
cytoplasm
the smallest unit of a living thing
a structure inside of a cell that helps it perform functions
a separating barrier that controls movement of materials into…
a fluid mixture that contains the organelles and the compound…
cell
the smallest unit of a living thing
organelle
a structure inside of a cell that helps it perform functions
21 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
A membrane covered structure with all the elements necessary…
A group of cells working together to do the same job.
Two or more tissues working together to do a job.
Organs working to do similar jobs.
Cell
A membrane covered structure with all the elements necessary…
Tissue
A group of cells working together to do the same job.
12 terms
Cell Vocabulary
vacuole
chlorophyll
mitochondria
cytoplasm
a container of food, water, and waste
a green pigment in plants used to absorb energy
cell structures that break down food to provide energy
the jelly like substance in a cell
vacuole
a container of food, water, and waste
chlorophyll
a green pigment in plants used to absorb energy
Cell Vocabulary
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell
structure with a special function found within a eukaryotic c…
a cell with no nucleus
a cell with nucleus surrounded by a nuclear membrane
the smallest unit of life (if you don't count viruses)
Organelle
structure with a special function found within a eukaryotic c…
Prokaryote
a cell with no nucleus
15 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Cell membrane
Contains DNA which controls the activity of the cell, directs…
watery substance inside the cell that surrounds the cell part…
produce energy for cellular processes, the "powerhouse" of a…
surrounds the cell, allows substances in and out of the cell;…
Nucleus
Contains DNA which controls the activity of the cell, directs…
Cytoplasm
watery substance inside the cell that surrounds the cell part…
20 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Active transport
Cell membrane
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Structures in animal cells which aid in cell division
Organelle in plants which captures energy from the sun and co…
Active transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Cell membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
31 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life.
The theory that all cells come from other cells, all living t…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell that regulates what en…
Control center of the cell.
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life.
Cell Theory
The theory that all cells come from other cells, all living t…
Cells Vocabulary
cell
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
organelle
Basic unit of life
A simple cell, containing NO nucleus
A complex cell, containing a nucleus and other membrane bound…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell
Basic unit of life
prokaryotic cell
A simple cell, containing NO nucleus
11 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Chromosomes
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Determines characteristics of an organism
Holds cell material inside and controls what enters and leave…
Stiff outer layer that protects the cell and gives it shape
Jelly like substance that holds organelles
Chromosomes
Determines characteristics of an organism
Cell Membrane
Holds cell material inside and controls what enters and leave…
10 terms
Cell Vocabulary
nucleus
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
The control center of the cell. Contains the DNA.
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Controls what comes in and out of the cell.
The cell structure that converts food molecules into energy.
nucleus
The control center of the cell. Contains the DNA.
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
10 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Term for the cell gel - chemical reactions happen here
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
Vacuole
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Nucleus
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
8 terms
Cell vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Organelles
Nucleus
the smallest unit that can perform all of life processes. The…
a protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
"parts" of a cell that have specific jobs (functions) to do.
This part of a cell controls growth, metabolism and reproduct…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all of life processes. The…
Cell Membrane
a protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
32 terms
Cell vocabulary
cell membrane, cytoplasm, and the nucl…
chromosomes
cytoplasm
cell membrane
three main parts of a cell
carry the genetic code for an organism
gel-like fluid inside the cell membrane made up of protein, w…
the outside, or coating, of a cell
cell membrane, cytoplasm, and the nucl…
three main parts of a cell
chromosomes
carry the genetic code for an organism
28 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
A single‐celled (unicellular) organism that lacks a membrane‐…
A multicellular organisms whose cells that contain a membrane…
A process by which plants use the sun's energy to make food.…
Chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules…
Prokaryote
A single‐celled (unicellular) organism that lacks a membrane‐…
Eukaryote
A multicellular organisms whose cells that contain a membrane…
Cells vocabulary
Nucleus picture
Cytoplasm
cytoplasm picture
vacuoles
Jelly-like substance that holds all the organelles in the cell
storage for the cell
Nucleus picture
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance that holds all the organelles in the cell
9 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Pro-
Eu-
Organelle
Chloroplast
First/Before
New/True (true nucleus)
A subunit of a cell that performs a specific function
Organelle in plant cells used for photosynthesis
Pro-
First/Before
Eu-
New/True (true nucleus)
13 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Cells
Chromosomes
DNA
the protective covering of a cell
the smallest unit of life
where the cell instructions are located
a double-helix-shaped chemical molecule that contains genes a…
Cell Membrane
the protective covering of a cell
Cells
the smallest unit of life
50 terms
Cell Vocabulary
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
The most basic unit of life, the smallest living thing.
Two or more cells working together.
Two or more tissues working together.
Two or more organs working together.
cell
The most basic unit of life, the smallest living thing.
tissue
Two or more cells working together.
ANIMAL CELL VOCABULARY
VACUOLE
LYSOSOME
RIBOSOMES
GOLGI COMPLEX
Fluid filled sac that contains enzymes, nutrients and waste.
Organelle containing digestive enzymes to get rid of waste.
Site of protein synthesis.
Processes and packages substances produced in the cell.
VACUOLE
Fluid filled sac that contains enzymes, nutrients and waste.
LYSOSOME
Organelle containing digestive enzymes to get rid of waste.
Cell Vocabulary
structure
function
magnify
microscope
shape; how everything is put together
job
to enlarge; or make an object look bigger
a tool that makes small objects look bigger
structure
shape; how everything is put together
function
job
25 terms
Cells Vocabulary
Homeostasis
Cell
Facilitated Diffusion
Endocytosis
the maintenance of stable internal conditions in an organism
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
diffusion of glucose molecules through the cell membrane with…
process by which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding i…
Homeostasis
the maintenance of stable internal conditions in an organism
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
19 terms
Cells Vocabulary
tissue
organ
organ system
elements
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
made up of different kinds of tissue that function together
a group of organs that work together to perform a major funct…
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
tissue
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
organ
made up of different kinds of tissue that function together
50 terms
Cell Vocabulary Test
Organ System
Cilia
Cell
RNA
A group of organs which work together to carry out particular…
These are short hair-like organelles on the surface of a euka…
This is the structural and functional unit of all living orga…
A single stranded nucleic acid that plays a role in protein s…
Organ System
A group of organs which work together to carry out particular…
Cilia
These are short hair-like organelles on the surface of a euka…
9 terms
Cells Vocabulary
Cell
Nucleus
Vacuole
Cytoplasm
All living things have at least one of these.
This controls all parts of a cell
Stores waste, food, water... There is a large one of these in a…
The jelly-like substance that the organelles are in
Cell
All living things have at least one of these.
Nucleus
This controls all parts of a cell
22 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cytoskeleton
mRNA
DNA
Mitochondria
Forms a framework for the movement of organelles and provides…
Copies instructions for making proteins that go to ribosomes
Provides instructions for cell functions
Makes energy from food and is also known as the power house o…
Cytoskeleton
Forms a framework for the movement of organelles and provides…
mRNA
Copies instructions for making proteins that go to ribosomes
Cells Vocabulary
Multicellular
Unicellular
Cell
Nucleus
An organism made of more than one cell.
An organism made of one cell.
The most basic form of life.
An organelle that contains DNA and controls the cell.
Multicellular
An organism made of more than one cell.
Unicellular
An organism made of one cell.
CELL vocabulary
active transport
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplasts
...
...
...
...
active transport
...
cell membrane
...
Cells Vocabulary
cells
membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
tiny, living parts, of which all living organisms are made
known as the thin like covering of a cell
the part of the cell that controls its activities
liquid inside the cell where the cell's activity takes place
cells
tiny, living parts, of which all living organisms are made
membrane
known as the thin like covering of a cell
31 terms
Cell and Cell Division Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
-separates the cell from outside world... -maintains homeostasis…
-largest organelle in the cell... -cell would die without it, be…
-site of protein synthesis (melanin, estrogen, and collagen)…
-powerhouse of the cell (energy manufacturer)... -2 membranes: i…
Cell Membrane
-separates the cell from outside world... -maintains homeostasis…
Nucleus
-largest organelle in the cell... -cell would die without it, be…
20 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Nucleus
the building blocks of all living things such as plants and a…
a eukaryotic cell in which all the organelles are contained i…
a type of eukaryotic cell that is found in the organisms with…
the central organelle that acts as the brain of the cell
Cell
the building blocks of all living things such as plants and a…
Animal Cell
a eukaryotic cell in which all the organelles are contained i…
53 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
the basic unit of all living things
theory that states all organisms are made of one or more cell…
used a compound light microscope to discover cells of cork
found living cells
Cell
the basic unit of all living things
Cell Theory
theory that states all organisms are made of one or more cell…
Cell Vocabulary
Light Microscope
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Scanning electron microscope
an instrument that uses visible light passed through a specim…
subcellular structures, membrane-enclosed compartments
an instrument that focuses a beam of electrons through the sp…
an instrument that focuses a beam of electrons across the sur…
Light Microscope
an instrument that uses visible light passed through a specim…
Organelles
subcellular structures, membrane-enclosed compartments
Cell Vocabulary
Ribosome
chloroplast
cell membrane
golgi bodies
Site of protein synthesis
Found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
selective whereby it only allows certain substances to pass i…
stores packages and ships proteins
Ribosome
Site of protein synthesis
chloroplast
Found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
16 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell Wall
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Its function is to protect and support plant cells, located o…
The organelle that controls what enters and leaves the cell,…
It is consider the control center of the cell, directs cells…
A gel - like material that fills the cell between the nuclear…
Cell Wall
Its function is to protect and support plant cells, located o…
Cell membrane
The organelle that controls what enters and leaves the cell,…
31 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Wall
Cell Theory
Chlorophyll
Basic unit of all organisms
Fairly rigid structure located outside the cell membrane in p…
Theory that all organisms are made of cells, basic unit, all…
Light absorbing pigment in plants
Cell
Basic unit of all organisms
Cell Wall
Fairly rigid structure located outside the cell membrane in p…
5 terms
CELLS VOCABULARY
Cell Wall
Cell membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleus
a second, rigid barrier that surrounds the cell... membrane in p…
the barrier that separates the cytoplasm from the... outside env…
the organelle where photosynthesis takes place
the structure in eukaryotic cells that contains DNA
Cell Wall
a second, rigid barrier that surrounds the cell... membrane in p…
Cell membrane
the barrier that separates the cytoplasm from the... outside env…
7 terms
Cell Vocabulary
organelle
prokaryote
eukaryote
nucleus
a small part that does a job
a cell with no nucleus and no membrane-bound organelles
a cell with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
an organelle in eukaryote cells that stores DNA
organelle
a small part that does a job
prokaryote
a cell with no nucleus and no membrane-bound organelles
29 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Heart
Mitosis
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things…
The idea that all living things are made of cells, that all l…
The muscular organ that pumps blood through the rest of the c…
The process by which most cells divide.
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things…
Cell Theory
The idea that all living things are made of cells, that all l…
48 terms
Cell Vocabulary
Tissue
Organs
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
a group of cells functioning together to perform and activity
groups of two or more tissues that function together
cells that contain a nucleus and other membrane-bound organel…
cells that lacks a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
Tissue
a group of cells functioning together to perform and activity
Organs
groups of two or more tissues that function together
Cells Vocabulary
cholorphyll
tissue
organ
organ system
a chemical that absorbs sunlight
cells that work together at the same job or function
a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific f…
organs that work together to perform a certain function
cholorphyll
a chemical that absorbs sunlight
tissue
cells that work together at the same job or function
8 terms
Cells-Vocabulary
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Hooke
van Leeuwenhoek
Cell type that does not have a nucleus or other internal stru…
Cell type with a nucleus and other organelles surrounded by m…
Scientist in the 1600's who used a light microscope to observ…
Scientist in the 1600's who used a light microscope to observ…
Prokaryotic cell
Cell type that does not have a nucleus or other internal stru…
Eukaryotic cell
Cell type with a nucleus and other organelles surrounded by m…
8 terms
Cells Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
holds the cell together, controls what enters and exits the c…
an organelle that stores the food, water, and waste.
an organelle that directs the cell- Cell's brain- has DNA ins…
jelly like substance that contains chemicals that helps the c…
Cell Membrane
holds the cell together, controls what enters and exits the c…
Vacuole
an organelle that stores the food, water, and waste.
Cell vocabulary
Cell
Cell membrane
Organelles
Nucleus
In biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
A phospholipid layer that covers a cells surface; acts as a b…
One of the small bodies in a cells cytoplasm that are special…
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contain…
Cell
In biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
Cell membrane
A phospholipid layer that covers a cells surface; acts as a b…
Cell Vocabulary
Homeostasis
Cell
Facilitated Diffusion
Endocytosis
the maintenance of stable internal conditions in an organism
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
diffusion of glucose molecules through the cell membrane with…
process by which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding i…
Homeostasis
the maintenance of stable internal conditions in an organism
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
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