Study sets matching "cells wall"

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Study sets matching "cells wall"

14 terms
cell wall
centriole
nucleus
cell membrane
chromatin
small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way
membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells, center…
semipermeable membrane surrounding of a cell
complex DNA and proteins that form chromosomes within nucleus…
centriole
small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way
nucleus
membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells, center…
Cell Wall
Cell Wall
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Mitochondrion
In plants, a cell wall provides extra support
An organelle found in a plant cell that absorbs energy from s…
Jelly-like material that fills the cell
Where energy is released from food (sugar)
Cell Wall
In plants, a cell wall provides extra support
Chloroplast
An organelle found in a plant cell that absorbs energy from s…
Cell Wall
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically a…
A nuclear membrane, also known as the nuclear envelope, nucle…
Cell Wall
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
Cell Membrane
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Cell Wall
Gram +
Gram -
Peptidoglycan
Peptidoglycan monomer
thick peptidoglycan layer... teichoic acids
think peptidoglycan layer... periplasm: sppace b/w two membranes…
Peptide: amino acids (L-ala, D-glu, L-Lys (gram +) or meso DA…
Gram +
thick peptidoglycan layer... teichoic acids
Gram -
think peptidoglycan layer... periplasm: sppace b/w two membranes…
19 terms
cell wall
organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleolus
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a spherical structure within the nucleus of some cells, proba…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
nucleus
mitochondrion
surround a cell and lets thing in a out
organelle that stores food, water and waste
cell's control center or brain
where energy is released from food (sugar)
cell membrane
surround a cell and lets thing in a out
vacuole
organelle that stores food, water and waste
8 terms
cell wall
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
cell
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
Basic unit of life
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
8 terms
cell wall
what is it
srtcutrure
chemical composition
made of
a rigid structure that suurrounds the cell membrane and provi…
composed of cellulose. cellulose is a structural carbohydrate…
carbohdyhydrates cellulose hemicellulose, and pectin. cellulo…
bacteria cell walls are different from cell walls. of plants…
what is it
a rigid structure that suurrounds the cell membrane and provi…
srtcutrure
composed of cellulose. cellulose is a structural carbohydrate…
The Cell Wall
Peptidoglycan
Teichoic acid
Lysine
Diaminopimelic
The rigid cell wall outside the cell membrane is composed of…
Gram-positive bacteria has this.... Gram positive bacteria also…
the third amino acid in gram-positive
the third amino acid in gram-negative
Peptidoglycan
The rigid cell wall outside the cell membrane is composed of…
Teichoic acid
Gram-positive bacteria has this.... Gram positive bacteria also…
23 terms
The Cell Wall
cell wall
cell plate
phragmoplasts
protoplast
outer layer of the plant cell that provide rigidity, shape, c…
a thin layer of pectin, acidic polysaccharides, that are laid…
a microtubular structure structure that forms halfway between…
cytoplasm+ nucleus+ organelles surrounded by the membrane
cell wall
outer layer of the plant cell that provide rigidity, shape, c…
cell plate
a thin layer of pectin, acidic polysaccharides, that are laid…
29 terms
Cell Wall
function of the cell wall:
All bacteria have a cell wall, except…
Mycoplasma is a bacteria that doesn't…
2 types of cell walls in bacteria:
protects the bacteria... protects from many drugs (like antibiot…
mycoplasma
sterols (cholesterol)
Gram positive... Gram negative
function of the cell wall:
protects the bacteria... protects from many drugs (like antibiot…
All bacteria have a cell wall, except…
mycoplasma
Cell Membrane and Cell Wall
lipids
plasma memebrane
cell wall
cell membrane
macromolecule that makes up most of the cell membrane
also called the cell membrane
protects and supports the cell
controls what enters and leaves the cell
lipids
macromolecule that makes up most of the cell membrane
plasma memebrane
also called the cell membrane
13 terms
Cells wall
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
The control center of the cell.
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell wall
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Protects and supports the cell
Protects the cell performs active transport and passive trans…
Pads and supports organelles inside the cell moves by cyclosis
Controls all of the cells activities
Cell wall
Protects and supports the cell
Cell membrane
Protects the cell performs active transport and passive trans…
12 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Smooth er
Nucleis
Lydosomes
Support protection
Lipids detox
Controls cell
Breaks down recyle waste
Cell wall
Support protection
Smooth er
Lipids detox
Cell wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cytoskeleton
Cilia
An inflexale barrier that provides support and protects the p…
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
A double membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
Projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
Centrioles
An inflexale barrier that provides support and protects the p…
Chloroplast
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
50 terms
Cell Wall and Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Lipids
Attracted
Cellulose
The outer boundary for a plant cell.
The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum makes these structures that…
Hydrophyllic means a substance is ? to water.
This material makes up most of the cell wall.
Cell Wall
The outer boundary for a plant cell.
Lipids
The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum makes these structures that…
9 terms
Cell wall
Cellulose and pectin
Pectin
Cutin is
Middle lamella
Synthesized in golgi.?
Attaches cells together
Waxlike
Pectin
Cellulose and pectin
Synthesized in golgi.?
Pectin
Attaches cells together
6 terms
Cell wall
Contains peptidoglycan
Contains uncommon lipids
Pectin or none
Chitin
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Protista
Fungus
Contains peptidoglycan
Eubacteria
Contains uncommon lipids
Archaebacteria
28 terms
Cell Wall
Capsules and Slime layer roles
Capsule
Slime layer
Most species are made of polysaccharid…
Protects bacteria from host defenses and enables bacteria to…
Distinct gelatinous layer
Irregular diffuse layer
Glycocalyc -sugar shell
Capsules and Slime layer roles
Protects bacteria from host defenses and enables bacteria to…
Capsule
Distinct gelatinous layer
16 terms
Cell wall
Cell
Nucleus
Resolution
Organells
Smallest unit capable of performing life functions
Directs all cell activities and is separated from the cytopla…
The amount of detail that you can see in an image
Structures found inside the cell that carry out the cellular…
Cell
Smallest unit capable of performing life functions
Nucleus
Directs all cell activities and is separated from the cytopla…
5 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Xaawo
Mushtaq
Nalaye
Tough rigid outer covering that protects the cell
Habaryar
Dhoocil xaar wayn
Naas jaqe
Cell wall
Tough rigid outer covering that protects the cell
Xaawo
Habaryar
6 terms
Cell Wall
bacteria
archaea-bacteria
protista
fungi
yes
yes
some
yes
bacteria
yes
archaea-bacteria
yes
12 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Central vacuole
Rough er
The rigid layer of the plant cell
Double layer of phospholids
Stones and extra glucose
Pathway for the cell and modifies proteins
Cell wall
The rigid layer of the plant cell
Cell membrane
Double layer of phospholids
8 terms
Cell Wall
Description
Cellulose
Characteristic
Characteristic
This is a microfibrils of the polysaccharide cellulose embedd…
This is of considerable strength and so contribute to the str…
They consist of multiple polysaccharides such as cellulose.
There is a thin layer know as the middle lamella which marks…
Description
This is a microfibrils of the polysaccharide cellulose embedd…
Cellulose
This is of considerable strength and so contribute to the str…
Cell Wall
cell wall
cell walls in plants
primary cell wall (plants)
secondary cell wall (plants)
supportive layer outside cell membrane... present in plants/fung…
mostly cellulose and other carbohydrates... supports cell and or…
in all plants... thin and can stretch with growth
in some plants... in between primary cell wall and membrane... make…
cell wall
supportive layer outside cell membrane... present in plants/fung…
cell walls in plants
mostly cellulose and other carbohydrates... supports cell and or…
12 terms
Cell wall
Organelle
Membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
A tiny cell structure that carries out specific functions wit…
A cell structure that controls conich substances can enter or…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids the chemical i i…
Ros shaped cell structure that convert energy to food molecul…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out specific functions wit…
Membrane
A cell structure that controls conich substances can enter or…
Cell Wall
Prokaryote or Eurkaryote
Animal or Plant
Structure
Function
Both
Plant
Made of cellulose. Surrounds the plasma membrane
Protects the cell, maintains the shape
Prokaryote or Eurkaryote
Both
Animal or Plant
Plant
cell wall
drugs
CS class
CS site of action
CS spectru,
all cidal... cycloserine, bacitracin, penicillin, vancomycin
d ala analogue
1st stage, binds to the two enzyme that make DalaDala
gram positive and negative but only used for TB because o CNA…
drugs
all cidal... cycloserine, bacitracin, penicillin, vancomycin
CS class
d ala analogue
14 terms
Cell Wall
Cell wall
chloroplast
Golgi body
lysosome
a rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells…
A structure in cell of plants and some other organisms that c…
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly…
small round cell structure containg chemicals that break down…
Cell wall
a rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells…
chloroplast
A structure in cell of plants and some other organisms that c…
Cell Wall
Protection
solutes
osmotic pressure... cell lysis
hypotonic
most important function of the cell wall
Bacteria's cytoplasm maintains a high concentration of dissol…
The cell wall protects cells from _____ _____ and prevents ce…
bacteria live in environments typically ____ to the cell
Protection
most important function of the cell wall
solutes
Bacteria's cytoplasm maintains a high concentration of dissol…
6 terms
cell wall
eubacteria
archebacteria
protista
fungus
peptidoglycan
lipids
some do
chitin
eubacteria
peptidoglycan
archebacteria
lipids
Cell wall
Cell wall
Peptidoglycan
Sugar derivatives
Tetrapeptide side chains
Determines shape and protects from osmotic lysis
Huge polymer... Sugar derivatives... Tetrapeptide side chains
NAG- goes in between Name... NAM- binds the tetrapeptide
1)l-ala... 2)d-glutamic acid ... 3) DAP... 4)d-ala... Creates large stron…
Cell wall
Determines shape and protects from osmotic lysis
Peptidoglycan
Huge polymer... Sugar derivatives... Tetrapeptide side chains
40 terms
cell wall
Importance of the cell wall (5)
three main areas of the cell wall
Cell wall structure from outside to in…
chitin
-defines fungi (unique to fungi)... -shape... -protection (physical…
1. Chitin... 2. Glucan... 3. Glycoprotein
GPI Anchors (glycoprotein) made up of mannons and protein... -Pr…
is a long chain polymer of N-Acetylglucosamine (NAG)
Importance of the cell wall (5)
-defines fungi (unique to fungi)... -shape... -protection (physical…
three main areas of the cell wall
1. Chitin... 2. Glucan... 3. Glycoprotein
Cells Walls
permeable
semi-permeable
Fluid Mosaic Model
Protein channel
Allows ALL substances to pass through
Allows SOME substances to pass through but not others
Phospholipid bilayer with proteins embedded
An opening in a membrane protein which allows the movement of…
permeable
Allows ALL substances to pass through
semi-permeable
Allows SOME substances to pass through but not others
Cell wall/ no cell wall
Animlia
Plante
Fungi
Eubacteria
No cell wall
Cell wall
No cell wall
Both
Animlia
No cell wall
Plante
Cell wall
14 terms
cell wall
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a cell structure that contains the nucleic acids. The chemica…
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus; in the…
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell membrane
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
10 terms
Cell Wall
Function
Chemical composition in gram positive…
Chemical composition in gram negative…
Role in causing harm
maintain the size and shape of the bacteria and prevent lysis…
Single thick layer of peptidoglycan (PG)
thin layer of peptidoglycan surrounded by thin layers of lipo…
In gram negative bacteria, the LPS separates from the other l…
Function
maintain the size and shape of the bacteria and prevent lysis…
Chemical composition in gram positive…
Single thick layer of peptidoglycan (PG)
10 terms
Cell Wall
peptidoglycan
beta-1,4 linkages; N-acetylglucosamine…
peptide linkages
structure; strength
makes up cell wall
_____-__,___ linkages link ___-__________________________ and…
______________ linkages link N-acetylmuramic acids
this lattice gives __________ and ___________ to the bacteria…
peptidoglycan
makes up cell wall
beta-1,4 linkages; N-acetylglucosamine…
_____-__,___ linkages link ___-__________________________ and…
the cell wall
cell wall
primary cell wall
secondary cell wall
cellulose
rigid matrix btwn 2 cells that is made primarily of cellulose
thin, green (stain) made up of cellulose and hemicellulose ... P…
thick, red(stain), made up of cellulose and hemicellulose LIG…
HYDROPHILIC chain of glucose... can be bound together in microfi…
cell wall
rigid matrix btwn 2 cells that is made primarily of cellulose
primary cell wall
thin, green (stain) made up of cellulose and hemicellulose ... P…
33 terms
THE CELL WALL
The _________ _________ is rigid, and…
The cell wall determines the size, sha…
The cell wall contains a variety of __…
The cell wall also plays a role in def…
The CELL WALL is rigid, and limits the size of a given cell.…
The cell wall determines the size, shape, and function of a p…
The cell wall contains a variety of ENZYMES and plays a role…
The cell wall also plays a role in defense against PATHOGENS.…
The _________ _________ is rigid, and…
The CELL WALL is rigid, and limits the size of a given cell.…
The cell wall determines the size, sha…
The cell wall determines the size, shape, and function of a p…
77 terms
The Cell Wall
4 functions of the cell wall
Why are plant cell walls important to…
Classification of wall layers
Middle lamella
Supports the plant against force of gravity... Protection from d…
Used directly as fibers, cotton, etc.... Materials extracted fro…
Primary wall... Secondary wall
Not Part of the cell... Calcium pectate... Liginified in woody tiss…
4 functions of the cell wall
Supports the plant against force of gravity... Protection from d…
Why are plant cell walls important to…
Used directly as fibers, cotton, etc.... Materials extracted fro…
20 terms
Cell wall
which organisms have cell wall
What is Cell wall
Where is the cell wall located
What is its function
Animals and animal like protists
Non living and strong component of cell
Out side the plasma membrane
It provides shape strength protection and support to inner li…
which organisms have cell wall
Animals and animal like protists
What is Cell wall
Non living and strong component of cell
23 terms
Cell Wall
major component of the cell wall is
peptidoglycan
components of peptidoglycan
tetra peptide
peptidoglycan
disaccharide attached to polypeptide (forms a lattice around…
n-acetyl glucosamine and n-acetyl muramic acid, tetra peptides
4 amino acids attached to NAM (n-acetyl muramic)
major component of the cell wall is
peptidoglycan
peptidoglycan
disaccharide attached to polypeptide (forms a lattice around…
The Cell Wall
two functions
unique structure provides
primary layer
secondary layer
protect and support the cells of a plant
strength and flexibility to the plant
thin, flexible, and composed of pectin (protein)
thick, rigid, and composed of cellulose
two functions
protect and support the cells of a plant
unique structure provides
strength and flexibility to the plant
Cell Wall
Cell wall
Functions
Structure 1 of 2 common cell wall types
Gram +
Ridgid layer outside/external to the plamsma memb. ... PRESENT I…
Protection... Determines, maintains cell shape
Both types peptidoglycan (combo of Aa & sugar)
Thick layer (20-80) of peptidoglycan ... Anchored by teichoic &…
Cell wall
Ridgid layer outside/external to the plamsma memb. ... PRESENT I…
Functions
Protection... Determines, maintains cell shape
26 terms
cell wall
the cell wall provides ____ and _______
list 4 functions of the cell wall
what are the characteristics of peptid…
name 4 types of cell walls
shape and protection
protection... enhanced survival... gives shape... prevent cell burstin…
large molecule... alternating amino containing sugars... N-acetylgl…
gram-positive bacterial cell wall (purple)... gram-negative bact…
the cell wall provides ____ and _______
shape and protection
list 4 functions of the cell wall
protection... enhanced survival... gives shape... prevent cell burstin…
21 terms
Cell Wall
What is a cell envelope?
What are the functions of the cell wall?
What are the types of bacterial cell w…
Which types of bacterial cell walls ar…
It is inside the glycocalyx. Has two major components: cell w…
Prevents cell rupture, maintain call shape, and anchor flagel…
Gram poisitive, Gram negative, Gram variable, no cell wall, a…
No cell wall, Gram variable, and acid-fast cell wall.
What is a cell envelope?
It is inside the glycocalyx. Has two major components: cell w…
What are the functions of the cell wall?
Prevents cell rupture, maintain call shape, and anchor flagel…
cell wall
peptidoglycan
N-acetlyglucoamine
N-acetylmuramic acid
beta 1 4 linkages
found in cell walls
sugar in peptidoglycan (G)
sugar in peptidoglycan (M)
how carbons of sugars are attached to each other
peptidoglycan
found in cell walls
N-acetlyglucoamine
sugar in peptidoglycan (G)
Cell Wall
What are plant cell walls used for?
What does the cell wall's strength dea…
What is a phragmoplast?
What is the order of cell wall formati…
heating, construction, paper, adsorbents, textile, food, cosm…
upright growth, turgor pressure, xylem tension, phloem pressu…
- scaffold for cell plate assembly made up of microtubules, m…
Primary, S1, S2, S3
What are plant cell walls used for?
heating, construction, paper, adsorbents, textile, food, cosm…
What does the cell wall's strength dea…
upright growth, turgor pressure, xylem tension, phloem pressu…
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