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Study sets matching "cells wall"

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Study sets matching "cells wall"

14 terms
cell wall
centriole
nucleus
cell membrane
chromatin
small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way
membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells, center…
semipermeable membrane surrounding of a cell
complex DNA and proteins that form chromosomes within nucleus…
centriole
small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way
nucleus
membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells, center…
13 terms
Cell Wall
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically a…
A nuclear membrane, also known as the nuclear envelope, nucle…
Cell Wall
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
Cell Membrane
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
12 terms
Cell Wall
Gram +
Gram -
Peptidoglycan
Peptidoglycan monomer
thick peptidoglycan layer... teichoic acids
think peptidoglycan layer... periplasm: sppace b/w two membranes…
Peptide: amino acids (L-ala, D-glu, L-Lys (gram +) or meso DA…
Gram +
thick peptidoglycan layer... teichoic acids
Gram -
think peptidoglycan layer... periplasm: sppace b/w two membranes…
13 terms
Cells wall
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
The control center of the cell.
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
8 terms
cell wall
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
cell
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
Basic unit of life
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
8 terms
cell wall
what is it
srtcutrure
chemical composition
made of
a rigid structure that suurrounds the cell membrane and provi…
composed of cellulose. cellulose is a structural carbohydrate…
carbohdyhydrates cellulose hemicellulose, and pectin. cellulo…
bacteria cell walls are different from cell walls. of plants…
what is it
a rigid structure that suurrounds the cell membrane and provi…
srtcutrure
composed of cellulose. cellulose is a structural carbohydrate…
19 terms
cell wall
organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleolus
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a spherical structure within the nucleus of some cells, proba…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
The Cell Wall
Peptidoglycan
Teichoic acid
Lysine
Diaminopimelic
The rigid cell wall outside the cell membrane is composed of…
Gram-positive bacteria has this.... Gram positive bacteria also…
the third amino acid in gram-positive
the third amino acid in gram-negative
Peptidoglycan
The rigid cell wall outside the cell membrane is composed of…
Teichoic acid
Gram-positive bacteria has this.... Gram positive bacteria also…
23 terms
The Cell Wall
cell wall
cell plate
phragmoplasts
protoplast
outer layer of the plant cell that provide rigidity, shape, c…
a thin layer of pectin, acidic polysaccharides, that are laid…
a microtubular structure structure that forms halfway between…
cytoplasm+ nucleus+ organelles surrounded by the membrane
cell wall
outer layer of the plant cell that provide rigidity, shape, c…
cell plate
a thin layer of pectin, acidic polysaccharides, that are laid…
31 terms
Cells Walls
permeable
semi-permeable
Fluid Mosaic Model
Protein channel
Allows ALL substances to pass through
Allows SOME substances to pass through but not others
Phospholipid bilayer with proteins embedded
An opening in a membrane protein which allows the movement of…
permeable
Allows ALL substances to pass through
semi-permeable
Allows SOME substances to pass through but not others
8 terms
Cell Membrane and Cell Wall
lipids
plasma memebrane
cell wall
cell membrane
macromolecule that makes up most of the cell membrane
also called the cell membrane
protects and supports the cell
controls what enters and leaves the cell
lipids
macromolecule that makes up most of the cell membrane
plasma memebrane
also called the cell membrane
50 terms
Cell Wall and Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Lipids
Attracted
Cellulose
The outer boundary for a plant cell.
The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum makes these structures that…
Hydrophyllic means a substance is ? to water.
This material makes up most of the cell wall.
Cell Wall
The outer boundary for a plant cell.
Lipids
The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum makes these structures that…
29 terms
Cell Wall
function of the cell wall:
All bacteria have a cell wall, except…
Mycoplasma is a bacteria that doesn't…
2 types of cell walls in bacteria:
protects the bacteria... protects from many drugs (like antibiot…
mycoplasma
sterols (cholesterol)
Gram positive... Gram negative
function of the cell wall:
protects the bacteria... protects from many drugs (like antibiot…
All bacteria have a cell wall, except…
mycoplasma
12 terms
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
the central and most important part of an object
the material or protoplasm within a living cell
It is another packaging organelle like the endoplasmic reticu…
Cell membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Nucleus
the central and most important part of an object
13 terms
Cell wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cytoskeleton
Cilia
An inflexale barrier that provides support and protects the p…
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
A double membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
Projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
Centrioles
An inflexale barrier that provides support and protects the p…
Chloroplast
Organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
12 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Smooth er
Nucleis
Lydosomes
Support protection
Lipids detox
Controls cell
Breaks down recyle waste
Cell wall
Support protection
Smooth er
Lipids detox
12 terms
Cell wall
Smooth ER
Nucleus
Cell wall
Cytoskeleton
Synthesize lipids
Controls cell process and contains DNA
Provide support and protection (plants)
Help cell maintain shape and move
Smooth ER
Synthesize lipids
Nucleus
Controls cell process and contains DNA
12 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Central vacuole
Rough er
The rigid layer of the plant cell
Double layer of phospholids
Stones and extra glucose
Pathway for the cell and modifies proteins
Cell wall
The rigid layer of the plant cell
Cell membrane
Double layer of phospholids
11 terms
Cell Wall
cellulose
chitin
pectin
layers
plants and algal
fungi
in a cell wall microfibrils are embedded in a background mate…
built in _______ with different microfibril in each
cellulose
plants and algal
chitin
fungi
14 terms
cell wall
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a cell structure that contains the nucleic acids. The chemica…
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus; in the…
cell wall
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells…
cell membrane
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
24 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Peptidoglycan
Sugar derivatives
Tetrapeptide side chains
Determines shape and protects from osmotic lysis
Huge polymer... Sugar derivatives... Tetrapeptide side chains
NAG- goes in between Name... NAM- binds the tetrapeptide
1)l-ala... 2)d-glutamic acid ... 3) DAP... 4)d-ala... Creates large stron…
Cell wall
Determines shape and protects from osmotic lysis
Peptidoglycan
Huge polymer... Sugar derivatives... Tetrapeptide side chains
40 terms
cell wall
Importance of the cell wall (5)
three main areas of the cell wall
Cell wall structure from outside to in…
chitin
-defines fungi (unique to fungi)... -shape... -protection (physical…
1. Chitin... 2. Glucan... 3. Glycoprotein
GPI Anchors (glycoprotein) made up of mannons and protein... -Pr…
is a long chain polymer of N-Acetylglucosamine (NAG)
Importance of the cell wall (5)
-defines fungi (unique to fungi)... -shape... -protection (physical…
three main areas of the cell wall
1. Chitin... 2. Glucan... 3. Glycoprotein
8 terms
Cell wall between cell wall
Middle lameila
Primary wall
Plasmodesmata
Secondary wall
1,pectin-rich layer between cells... 2,cement adjacent cells tog…
1,first wall layer to form... 2,have primary pit-fields
Interconnect protoplast of adjacent cells
Form after primary cell... Located interior to the primary wall…
Middle lameila
1,pectin-rich layer between cells... 2,cement adjacent cells tog…
Primary wall
1,first wall layer to form... 2,have primary pit-fields
17 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
Plasma membrane
Made of cellulose. Lose and gain water
Photosynthesis. Take inorganic light to make food
Cellular respiration grow independent in cells
Barrier; lets certain things in and out like oxygen and nutri…
Cell wall
Made of cellulose. Lose and gain water
Chloroplast
Photosynthesis. Take inorganic light to make food
5 terms
Cell Wall
Functions of the Cell Wall 1
Functions of the Cell Wall 2
Functions of the Cell Wall 3
The Cell Wall 1
Supports the cell
Lets materials into and out of the Cell
Protects the cell
The Cell Wall is only found in a plant
Functions of the Cell Wall 1
Supports the cell
Functions of the Cell Wall 2
Lets materials into and out of the Cell
11 terms
Cell Wall
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Rigid support outside a plant cell
surrounds all cells, protects, and holds cells together
Storage areas in all cells and is larger in plant cells
Contains digestive enzymes proteins
Cell Wall
Rigid support outside a plant cell
Cell Membrane
surrounds all cells, protects, and holds cells together
28 terms
Cell Wall
Capsules and Slime layer roles
Capsule
Slime layer
Most species are made of polysaccharid…
Protects bacteria from host defenses and enables bacteria to…
Distinct gelatinous layer
Irregular diffuse layer
Glycocalyc -sugar shell
Capsules and Slime layer roles
Protects bacteria from host defenses and enables bacteria to…
Capsule
Distinct gelatinous layer
9 terms
Cell wall
Cellulose and pectin
Pectin
Cutin is
Middle lamella
Synthesized in golgi.?
Attaches cells together
Waxlike
Pectin
Cellulose and pectin
Synthesized in golgi.?
Pectin
Attaches cells together
16 terms
Cell wall
Cell
Nucleus
Resolution
Organells
Smallest unit capable of performing life functions
Directs all cell activities and is separated from the cytopla…
The amount of detail that you can see in an image
Structures found inside the cell that carry out the cellular…
Cell
Smallest unit capable of performing life functions
Nucleus
Directs all cell activities and is separated from the cytopla…
87 terms
Cell Word Wall
Osmosis
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having a lower concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having an equal solute concentration inside and outside the c…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
5 terms
cell wall
job
made of
found in
shape
protects inside of cell from the outside
cellulose
plants and bacteria
rectangle in plants
job
protects inside of cell from the outside
made of
cellulose
11 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Organelles
Protects and supports the cell. Sourrounds the cell
Controls which substances pass into and out of cell
Acts as control center directing cells activities
Tiny cell structures
Cell wall
Protects and supports the cell. Sourrounds the cell
Cell membrane
Controls which substances pass into and out of cell
17 terms
Cell wall
Penicillin
Augmentin
Piperacillin
Ticarcillin
Positive
Positive
Positive and Pseudonomas
Positive and Pseudonomas
Penicillin
Positive
Augmentin
Positive
8 terms
Cell Wall
Description
Cellulose
Characteristic
Characteristic
This is a microfibrils of the polysaccharide cellulose embedd…
This is of considerable strength and so contribute to the str…
They consist of multiple polysaccharides such as cellulose.
There is a thin layer know as the middle lamella which marks…
Description
This is a microfibrils of the polysaccharide cellulose embedd…
Cellulose
This is of considerable strength and so contribute to the str…
12 terms
Cell wall
Organelle
Membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
A tiny cell structure that carries out specific functions wit…
A cell structure that controls conich substances can enter or…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids the chemical i i…
Ros shaped cell structure that convert energy to food molecul…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out specific functions wit…
Membrane
A cell structure that controls conich substances can enter or…
16 terms
cell wall
drugs
CS class
CS site of action
CS spectru,
all cidal... cycloserine, bacitracin, penicillin, vancomycin
d ala analogue
1st stage, binds to the two enzyme that make DalaDala
gram positive and negative but only used for TB because o CNA…
drugs
all cidal... cycloserine, bacitracin, penicillin, vancomycin
CS class
d ala analogue
9 terms
Cell Wall
cell wall
cell walls in plants
primary cell wall (plants)
secondary cell wall (plants)
supportive layer outside cell membrane... present in plants/fung…
mostly cellulose and other carbohydrates... supports cell and or…
in all plants... thin and can stretch with growth
in some plants... in between primary cell wall and membrane... make…
cell wall
supportive layer outside cell membrane... present in plants/fung…
cell walls in plants
mostly cellulose and other carbohydrates... supports cell and or…
Cell Wall
Protection
solutes
osmotic pressure... cell lysis
hypotonic
most important function of the cell wall
Bacteria's cytoplasm maintains a high concentration of dissol…
The cell wall protects cells from _____ _____ and prevents ce…
bacteria live in environments typically ____ to the cell
Protection
most important function of the cell wall
solutes
Bacteria's cytoplasm maintains a high concentration of dissol…
14 terms
Cell Wall
Cell wall
chloroplast
Golgi body
lysosome
a rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells…
A structure in cell of plants and some other organisms that c…
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly…
small round cell structure containg chemicals that break down…
Cell wall
a rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells…
chloroplast
A structure in cell of plants and some other organisms that c…
6 terms
Cell Wall
Cell walls only exits in
The cell wall is located
The cell wall is made of
The cell wall has a ______ and ______…
Fungi, bacteria and plants
Outside of the cell membrane
Cellulose and pelcin (these are carbohydrates)
Primary, secondary
Cell walls only exits in
Fungi, bacteria and plants
The cell wall is located
Outside of the cell membrane
10 terms
Cell Wall
peptidoglycan
beta-1,4 linkages; N-acetylglucosamine…
peptide linkages
structure; strength
makes up cell wall
_____-__,___ linkages link ___-__________________________ and…
______________ linkages link N-acetylmuramic acids
this lattice gives __________ and ___________ to the bacteria…
peptidoglycan
makes up cell wall
beta-1,4 linkages; N-acetylglucosamine…
_____-__,___ linkages link ___-__________________________ and…
17 terms
Cell wall
Cell wall
Ribosomes
Organelles
Cell membrane
thick outer layer that surrounds the membranes of plants and…
small, round structures that make proteins
Small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs
thin structure that surrounds the cell
Cell wall
thick outer layer that surrounds the membranes of plants and…
Ribosomes
small, round structures that make proteins
8 terms
CELL WALLS
MITOCHONDRION
NUCLEUS
CHROMOSOME
CELL WALL
COVERTS FOOD ENERGY INTO A FORM THAT THE CELL CAN USE.
CONTROLS MOST OF THE CELL'S ACTIVITIES
ARE IN THE NUCLEUS. THEY CONTAIN DNA, A CHEMICAL THAT DETERMI…
PROVIDES SUPPORT AND PROTECTION
MITOCHONDRION
COVERTS FOOD ENERGY INTO A FORM THAT THE CELL CAN USE.
NUCLEUS
CONTROLS MOST OF THE CELL'S ACTIVITIES
23 terms
Cell Wall
major component of the cell wall is
peptidoglycan
components of peptidoglycan
tetra peptide
peptidoglycan
disaccharide attached to polypeptide (forms a lattice around…
n-acetyl glucosamine and n-acetyl muramic acid, tetra peptides
4 amino acids attached to NAM (n-acetyl muramic)
major component of the cell wall is
peptidoglycan
peptidoglycan
disaccharide attached to polypeptide (forms a lattice around…
6 terms
Cell Wall
Where do cell walls exist
Cell Wall Structure
Cell Wall Function
Plasmodesmata
Plant cells only
Made of rigid material; cellulose
To provide cell shape & protection
Holes in the cell to allow cells to communicate with each other
Where do cell walls exist
Plant cells only
Cell Wall Structure
Made of rigid material; cellulose
10 terms
Cell Wall
Function
Chemical composition in gram positive…
Chemical composition in gram negative…
Role in causing harm
maintain the size and shape of the bacteria and prevent lysis…
Single thick layer of peptidoglycan (PG)
thin layer of peptidoglycan surrounded by thin layers of lipo…
In gram negative bacteria, the LPS separates from the other l…
Function
maintain the size and shape of the bacteria and prevent lysis…
Chemical composition in gram positive…
Single thick layer of peptidoglycan (PG)
21 terms
Cell Wall
What is a cell envelope?
What are the functions of the cell wall?
What are the types of bacterial cell w…
Which types of bacterial cell walls ar…
It is inside the glycocalyx. Has two major components: cell w…
Prevents cell rupture, maintain call shape, and anchor flagel…
Gram poisitive, Gram negative, Gram variable, no cell wall, a…
No cell wall, Gram variable, and acid-fast cell wall.
What is a cell envelope?
It is inside the glycocalyx. Has two major components: cell w…
What are the functions of the cell wall?
Prevents cell rupture, maintain call shape, and anchor flagel…
5 terms
Cell Wall
Function of cell wall
how does the makeup of the cell wall v…
what is the primary structure
what do older plant cells develop
protect cell, maintain shape, prevent free flow of H2o, hold…
by species
microfibrils of cellulose
secondary structure wall
Function of cell wall
protect cell, maintain shape, prevent free flow of H2o, hold…
how does the makeup of the cell wall v…
by species
33 terms
THE CELL WALL
The _________ _________ is rigid, and…
The cell wall determines the size, sha…
The cell wall contains a variety of __…
The cell wall also plays a role in def…
The CELL WALL is rigid, and limits the size of a given cell.…
The cell wall determines the size, shape, and function of a p…
The cell wall contains a variety of ENZYMES and plays a role…
The cell wall also plays a role in defense against PATHOGENS.…
The _________ _________ is rigid, and…
The CELL WALL is rigid, and limits the size of a given cell.…
The cell wall determines the size, sha…
The cell wall determines the size, shape, and function of a p…
10 terms
Cell walls
Primary cell walls
Secondary
Abundance
Molecular nature of cell walls
all cells,... tensile properties... generate/resist internal... preven…
certain cells only,... resist compressive forces... prevent cell co…
Over 70% of assimilated carbon from... photosynthesis ends up in…
Polysaccharides - including cellulose and... pectins... CARBON HYDR…
Primary cell walls
all cells,... tensile properties... generate/resist internal... preven…
Secondary
certain cells only,... resist compressive forces... prevent cell co…
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