Study sets matching "cellular biology"

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Study sets matching "cellular biology"

Cellular Biology
Anton Van L.
Robert Hooke
Plant vs. Animal Cell
Chloroplast
first to observe living cells
observed a thin slice of cork with a microscope described wha…
A: has no chloroplast... A: not surrounded by cell wall... P: vacuo…
photosynthesis (light energy to chemical energy stored in bou…
Anton Van L.
first to observe living cells
Robert Hooke
observed a thin slice of cork with a microscope described wha…
24 terms
Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
nucleolus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
dense structure in the nucleus where ribosomal RNA synthesis…
metabolism and production of lipids
contains ribosomes and plays important role in production of…
Cell Theory
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
nucleolus
dense structure in the nucleus where ribosomal RNA synthesis…
Cellular Biology
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Animal Cell
Basic unit of life
cells that do not have a nucleus... An organism whose cells do n…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
A small living part of a multicellular organism that eats to…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus... An organism whose cells do n…
26 terms
Cellular Biology with pictures
Enzyme
Mitosis
Organic Chemistry
hydrogen bonds
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
the study of chemistry involved Carbon.
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
25 terms
Cellular Biology
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
D: Strong, stiff, nonliving layer outside the cell membrane.…
D: separates the cell from its surrounding environment and ma…
D: Located between the nucleus and the cell membrane. consist…
D: Round structure that serves as the control center and is t…
Cell wall
D: Strong, stiff, nonliving layer outside the cell membrane.…
Cell membrane
D: separates the cell from its surrounding environment and ma…
44 terms
Cellular Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryotes
What is a cell?
Hooke
-Smaller than other type of cell... -Usually don't have an inter…
-Larger than other type of cell... -Have internal membranes... -Hav…
Smallest unit of life that can carry on all of life's process…
Saw boxes in cork-small rooms called cells. Cell walls identi…
Prokaryote
-Smaller than other type of cell... -Usually don't have an inter…
Eukaryotes
-Larger than other type of cell... -Have internal membranes... -Hav…
22 terms
Cellular Biology
organelle
cell membrane
nucleus
mitochondrion
small structures found in a cell that perform a specific func…
a semi-permeable membrane that helps to control what goes int…
the organelle that contains DNA and controls the activities
the organelle found in plant cells that breaks down sugar to…
organelle
small structures found in a cell that perform a specific func…
cell membrane
a semi-permeable membrane that helps to control what goes int…
43 terms
Cellular Biology
Evidence
Indicator
Sustainability
Infectious Disease
Information that refutes or supports a claim or hypothesis; i…
An observation or calculation that shows the presence or stat…
The ability to meet a community's present needs without compr…
A disease caused by a microbe, such as bacteria or virus, and…
Evidence
Information that refutes or supports a claim or hypothesis; i…
Indicator
An observation or calculation that shows the presence or stat…
226 terms
Cellular Biology
Where does TRANSCRIPTION occur in the…
Where does TRANSLATION occur in the ce…
L-Amino Acids are ONLY found in
Important properties of water
Transcription occurs in the nucleus AND matrix of mitochondria
Translation occurs in cytosol AND matrix of the mitochondria
Proteins
Water Molecules are Polar, Cohesive (H-bonds), High Temperatu…
Where does TRANSCRIPTION occur in the…
Transcription occurs in the nucleus AND matrix of mitochondria
Where does TRANSLATION occur in the ce…
Translation occurs in cytosol AND matrix of the mitochondria
31 terms
cellular biology
two major types of cells:
prokaryotes are;
prokaryote means
example of prokaryotes
prokaryotes & eukaryotes
unicellular, have cell walls, very old, & very abundant
before the nucleus
bacteria
two major types of cells:
prokaryotes & eukaryotes
prokaryotes are;
unicellular, have cell walls, very old, & very abundant
33 terms
Cellular Biology
prokaryote
eukaryote
unicellular
multicellular
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Made of a single cell
Consisting of many cells
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
50 terms
Cellular Biology
Passive Diffusion
Cell Theory
Cell Structure
Six Kingdoms
Movement of substances across cell membrane. It occurs with t…
- All living things composed of cells... - The cell is the basic…
Specialized components of cell called oranelles
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Animalia, Plantae, Fungi
Passive Diffusion
Movement of substances across cell membrane. It occurs with t…
Cell Theory
- All living things composed of cells... - The cell is the basic…
26 terms
Cellular Biology
Enzyme
Mitosis
Organic Chemistry
hydrogen bonds
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
the study of chemistry involved Carbon.
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
45 terms
Cellular biology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
organelle
chloroplast
No nucleus; bacteria
Have nucleus; every organism but bacteria
A tiny organ that serves a purpose in the cell to sustain its…
Organelle that uses light to make food for plants, or chlorop…
prokaryotic
No nucleus; bacteria
eukaryotic
Have nucleus; every organism but bacteria
29 terms
Cellular Biology
Plasma Membrane
Lipid:
Protein:
Carbohydrate:
this is the structure that controls what goes in and out of a…
Cell membranes are made out these. It is also in all fatty fo…
the things that cells make, DNA codes for these.
are one of the main types of nutrients in your body. they are…
Plasma Membrane
this is the structure that controls what goes in and out of a…
Lipid:
Cell membranes are made out these. It is also in all fatty fo…
Cellular Biology
What are vacuoles and vesicles?
What are centrioles?
Lysosomes
Autolysis
-Membrane-bound sacs involved in the transport and storage of…
-one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of anima…
Membrane-bound vesicles that contain hydrolytic enzymes invol…
Degeneration of body tissues by digestive fluids
What are vacuoles and vesicles?
-Membrane-bound sacs involved in the transport and storage of…
What are centrioles?
-one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of anima…
22 terms
Cellular Biology
Organelle
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Small structures found in a cell that perform a specific func…
A semi permeable membrane that helps to control what goes in…
The organelle that contains DNA and controls the activities o…
The organelle found in plant and and animal cells that break…
Organelle
Small structures found in a cell that perform a specific func…
Cell membrane
A semi permeable membrane that helps to control what goes in…
39 terms
Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Fluid mosaic model
-all living things composed of cells ... -cell -> basic function…
-lack membrane bound organelles + nuclei-> still have membran…
-have membrane bound organelles ... -Animalia, plantae, fungae a…
-phospholipid bilayer composing PM ... -has proteins + lipids em…
Cell Theory
-all living things composed of cells ... -cell -> basic function…
Prokaryotes
-lack membrane bound organelles + nuclei-> still have membran…
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
26 terms
Cellular Biology
Enzyme
Mitosis
Organic Chemistry
hydrogen bonds
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
the study of chemistry involved Carbon.
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
Cellular Biology
Enzyme
Mitosis
Organic Chemistry
hydrogen bonds
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
the study of chemistry involved Carbon.
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
18 terms
Cellular Biology
theory
cell theory
4 features all cells have in common
7 functions of life (GERR HNM)
a way of interpreting the natural world which allows us to ma…
1. cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living or…
1. surrounded by a membrane, compartmentalized... 2. genetic mat…
nutrition... metabolism... growth... response... excretion... homeostasis... re…
theory
a way of interpreting the natural world which allows us to ma…
cell theory
1. cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living or…
Cellular Biology-Cellular Transport
Does simple diffusion require ATP
Simple diffusion
Does osmosis require ATP
Osmosis
no
net movement of dissolved particles down their concentration…
no, passive transport
simple diffusion of water from a region of lower solute conce…
Does simple diffusion require ATP
no
Simple diffusion
net movement of dissolved particles down their concentration…
Unit Two: Cellular Biology
Mitosis
Cell
Organelle
Chromatin
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
Basic unit of life.
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
DNA in a more relaxed state before it becomes chromosomes.
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
Cell
Basic unit of life.
104 terms
Cellular Biology
What are Histones?
What are Ribosomes?
What is the function of the Endoplasmi…
What is the differences between Smooth…
DNA winds around this structure to make it more compact, is a…
synthesized by the nucleus, site of protein production
transports material throughout the cell, the material is usua…
no ribosomes = no protein synthesis, is involved in metabolis…
What are Histones?
DNA winds around this structure to make it more compact, is a…
What are Ribosomes?
synthesized by the nucleus, site of protein production
90 terms
Cellular Biology
Cell theory
organelle
nucleus
plasma/cell membrane
initially began developing in 1800s with Schleiden and Schwan…
structures that do the work of cells
controls cell, protects DNA, allows access to DNA
controls movement of materials into and out of the cell, reco…
Cell theory
initially began developing in 1800s with Schleiden and Schwan…
organelle
structures that do the work of cells
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
Cellular Biology
the cell
cells are specialized
examples of specialized cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
basic units of living organisms... perform all life functions
perform jobs based on their structure
Nerve cells, pancreatic cells, muscle cells, red blood cells
viewed single-celled organisms in H20... used a simple microscop…
the cell
basic units of living organisms... perform all life functions
cells are specialized
perform jobs based on their structure
24 terms
AP Biology Cellular respiration
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
Cellular Biology
Five Kingdoms of Life
Biology
Atoms
cells
Bacteria, Protists, Fungi, Plants & Animals
is the study of life
living and non-living matter
are the building blocks of all living matter
Five Kingdoms of Life
Bacteria, Protists, Fungi, Plants & Animals
Biology
is the study of life
Cellular Biology
Which of the following is correctly ma…
Despite differences in size and shape,…
Cell membranes consist mainly of:
Which cell structures are sometimes fo…
Nucleolus- site of ribosome production
Cell membrane
Phospholipids
Ribosomes
Which of the following is correctly ma…
Nucleolus- site of ribosome production
Despite differences in size and shape,…
Cell membrane
24 terms
Cellular Biology
Enzyme
Mitosis
Organic Chemistry
hydrogen bonds
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
the study of chemistry involved Carbon.
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
274 terms
Cellular biology
chromatin
where does RNA transcription and ribos…
Laminopathy
how many laminopathies are there?
DNA complex with proteins
Nucleolus
rare genetic disease caused by mutations in genes encoding pr…
8
chromatin
DNA complex with proteins
where does RNA transcription and ribos…
Nucleolus
29 terms
Cellular Biology
Extracellular matrix, extracellular fl…
Extracellular matrix
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Tissue components
Solid protein structures outside the cells.
Usually fluid, mixes with blood, also called ground substance.
Mostly fluid with solutes.
Extracellular matrix, extracellular fl…
Tissue components
Extracellular matrix
Solid protein structures outside the cells.
72 terms
Cellular Biology
What is a cell?
Who were the 5 scientists to discover…
What did Robert Hooke discover and how?
What did Leeuwenhoek discover and how?
-the most basic unit of a living organism ... -every organism is…
-Robert Hooke ... -Anton van Leeuwenhoek ... -Schleiden ... -Schwann... -…
-first to discover dead cells by putting a thin slice of cork…
-first to discover living cells using a more advanced microsc…
What is a cell?
-the most basic unit of a living organism ... -every organism is…
Who were the 5 scientists to discover…
-Robert Hooke ... -Anton van Leeuwenhoek ... -Schleiden ... -Schwann... -…
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
22 terms
Cellular Biology
Chloroplast
Chromosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
Endosymbiosis
Organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs.
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
An organelle, containing folded membranes, responsible for th…
A theorized process in which early eukaryotic cells were form…
Chloroplast
Organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs.
Chromosome
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
16 terms
Cellular Biology
Anion
Atom
Cation
Compounds
An ion that has more electrons than protons giving off a nega…
Basic unit of matter consisting of protons, electrons, and ne…
An ion that consists of more protons than electrons giving of…
A combination of two or more elements
Anion
An ion that has more electrons than protons giving off a nega…
Atom
Basic unit of matter consisting of protons, electrons, and ne…
Cellular Biology
Six kingdoms
phospholipid bilayer
carrier proteins
nucleolus
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
the cell membrane, has proteins embedded throughout. Hydropho…
carry charged ions and large molecules across the cell membrane
dense structure in the nucleus where rRNA (ribosomal RNA) syn…
Six kingdoms
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
phospholipid bilayer
the cell membrane, has proteins embedded throughout. Hydropho…
151 terms
Cellular Biology
cells cell fragments structure functio…
small
surface volume
nutrients waste
The four parts of the cell theory: ... -All living things are ma…
Cell size-... Cells need to be _____ to be effective
Efficiency-... small cells have a larger ____ area to _____ ratio
The larger surface area to volume ratio or small cells allows…
cells cell fragments structure functio…
The four parts of the cell theory: ... -All living things are ma…
small
Cell size-... Cells need to be _____ to be effective
18 terms
Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
Six Kingdoms
Fluid Mosaic Model
Nucleus
- all living things are composed of cells... - cells = basic fun…
Badcteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
- DNA + histones --> Chromosomes... - Histones - involved in reg…
Cell Theory
- all living things are composed of cells... - cells = basic fun…
Six Kingdoms
Badcteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Cellular Biology
Adhesion Protein
Enzyme
Receptor Protein
Recognition Protein-
attaches cells to one another and to extra cellular matrix.
speeds specific reactions
binds signaling molecules in order to start gene expression,…
Identifier of cell type, individual, or species.
Adhesion Protein
attaches cells to one another and to extra cellular matrix.
Enzyme
speeds specific reactions
11 terms
Cellular Biology
The Cell Theory
Selectively Permeable
A cell's Structure and Function
Active Transport
1. Cells are the basic Structure and Function of living thing…
Some things may pass through, but others stay out.
Are Directly related to each other (it looks the way it does…
When Energy is required (needed) to move particles (things) i…
The Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic Structure and Function of living thing…
Selectively Permeable
Some things may pass through, but others stay out.
141 terms
Cellular Biology
Rough ER
Ribosomes
The Golgi Complex
Lysosomes
Makes proteins and phospholipids
Bind RER surface when they encounter a mRNA signal, synthesis…
Receives transport vesicles from the ER... finishes, sorts and t…
Bud off from the Golgi complex
Rough ER
Makes proteins and phospholipids
Ribosomes
Bind RER surface when they encounter a mRNA signal, synthesis…
28 terms
Cellular biology
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base pairing
the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct up…
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
one of the structural components, or building blocks, of DNA…
one of the pairs A-T or C-G. Notice that each base pair consi…
Transformation
the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct up…
Bacteriophage
A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within…
Cellular Biology
Functions of Cells
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic model
Hydrophilic
1. Cell metabolism and energy use (cell activities and heat)…
a boundary separating the substances inside (intracellular an…
the plasma membrane is neither rigid nor static in structure…
proteins and phospholipids are maximally exposed to water
Functions of Cells
1. Cell metabolism and energy use (cell activities and heat)…
Plasma Membrane
a boundary separating the substances inside (intracellular an…
50 terms
Cellular Biology
cell
cell theory
the cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
the fundamental unit of life
-all living things are composed of cells... -the chemical reacti…
-encloses the cell an exhibits selective permeability... -regula…
the cell membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with pro…
cell
the fundamental unit of life
cell theory
-all living things are composed of cells... -the chemical reacti…
Cellular Biology
Prokaryotic Cells
Fluid Mosaic Model
Nucleolus
Ribosome
cells that lack membrane-bound organelles, mainly consist of…
cell membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with protein…
dense structure within the nucleus where ribosomal RNA synthe…
sites of protein production and are synthesized in the nucleo…
Prokaryotic Cells
cells that lack membrane-bound organelles, mainly consist of…
Fluid Mosaic Model
cell membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with protein…
27 terms
Cellular Biology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cellular Functions
Nucleus
Nucleus (single, circular chromosome)... - not a true nucleus... Cy…
Complex cellular organization ... Membrane-bound organelles ... Wel…
Movement... Conductivity... Metabolic absorption... Secretion... Excretio…
Structure:... Nuclear envelope... Nucleolus... Deoxyribonucleic acid (…
Prokaryotes
Nucleus (single, circular chromosome)... - not a true nucleus... Cy…
Eukaryotes
Complex cellular organization ... Membrane-bound organelles ... Wel…
cellular biology
Enzyme
Mitosis
hydrogen bonds
pH Scale
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
a weak force holding two molecules containing hydrogen togeth…
Measurement system used to indicate acids and bases; runs fro…
Enzyme
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Mitosis
Process of cells dividing; includes prophase, metaphase, anap…
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