Study sets matching "cellular division"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "cellular division"

15 terms
Cellular Division
Interphase... Prophase/Prometaphse... Metaph…
Prophase/Prometaphse... Metaphase... Anaphas…
Interphase
Prophase/prometaphase
the life cycle of a cell
the phases of mitosis
Interphase... Prophase/Prometaphse... Metaph…
the life cycle of a cell
Prophase/Prometaphse... Metaphase... Anaphas…
the phases of mitosis
24 terms
Cellular Division
Chromatin
Histone
DNA Packing System
Chromosome
Thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
Protein that DNA winds around DNA
Chromatin and histone; twisting DNA into chromatin around his…
Condensed (coiled) chromatin; replicates before cell division…
Chromatin
Thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
Histone
Protein that DNA winds around DNA
63 terms
Cellular Division
Cell Cycle
Growth
Mitosis
Two reason why cells divide
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell.
In multi cellular organisms, occurs by an increase in the num…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells divided int…
1. When the cells become to large for the DNA to control the…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell.
Growth
In multi cellular organisms, occurs by an increase in the num…
67 terms
Cellular Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
PPMAT... Prophase ... Prometaphase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cellular Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
Metaphase
process in cellular division (forms 2)
process in sex cell division (forms 4)
spindle fiber form and chromosomes are coiled
chromosomes line up
Mitosis
process in cellular division (forms 2)
Meiosis
process in sex cell division (forms 4)
28 terms
Cellular Division
cell division
spindle
cell cycle
telophase
division of a parent cell into daughter cells
microtubule structure that separates chromosomes during mitosis
cell grows, prepares to divide, then divides to start growth…
last phase of mitosis, chromosome are in two new cells and nu…
cell division
division of a parent cell into daughter cells
spindle
microtubule structure that separates chromosomes during mitosis
11 terms
Cellular Division
Structure of DNA
Function of DNA
3 things that make up a DNA nucleotide
These bonds connect two sides of the D…
...
...
...
...
Structure of DNA
...
Function of DNA
...
12 terms
Cellular Division 3rd
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
Metaphase
process in cellular division (forms 2)
process in sex cell division (forms 4)
spindle fiber form and chromosomes are coiled
chromosomes line up
Mitosis
process in cellular division (forms 2)
Meiosis
process in sex cell division (forms 4)
14 terms
cellular division
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
G1 S G2... cell preparing for division
chromosomes condense and the spindle begins to form
chromosomes are aligned down the center of the cell
spindle pulls sister chromatids toward opposite sides of the…
interphase
G1 S G2... cell preparing for division
prophase
chromosomes condense and the spindle begins to form
Cellular Division
chromosome
centromere
centriole
spindle fiber
...
...
chromosome
centromere
14 terms
Cellular Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Centromere
Nuclear cell division where one parent cell reproduces two ex…
Complete split of cytoplasm
Condensed chromosome
A rubber band like structure that holds the chromatids together
Mitosis
Nuclear cell division where one parent cell reproduces two ex…
Cytokinesis
Complete split of cytoplasm
11 terms
Cellular Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
a continuous series of events a cell goes through to grow and…
a cell division resulting in two daughter cells each having t…
phase in which the cell spends its majority of time, when the…
First stage in mitosis where the nuclear envelope disappears,…
Cell Cycle
a continuous series of events a cell goes through to grow and…
Mitosis
a cell division resulting in two daughter cells each having t…
18 terms
Cellular Division
DNA in Human cell
Chromatin
Histone
Chromosome
1.8 meters of DNA packs into small nucleus
thin fibers made f DNA and Proteins
Proteins DNA winds around
Chromatin (coiled)... -replicates before cell division and organ…
DNA in Human cell
1.8 meters of DNA packs into small nucleus
Chromatin
thin fibers made f DNA and Proteins
cellular division
anaphase
cytokinesis
interphase
metaphase
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
anaphase
the stage of meiotic or mitotic cell division in which the ch…
cytokinesis
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
18 terms
Cellular Division
Interphase
G1
Synthesis
G2
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
cell grows, builds organellees, continue carrying regular fun…
DNA is replicated and important proteins are produced
new organelles and more RNA are produced
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
G1
cell grows, builds organellees, continue carrying regular fun…
Cellular Division
functions of cell membrane
semi selective permeability
phospholipids form the ________
hydrophilic (polar) head
boundary-cell can move around and change shape... homeostasis-tr…
only some particles can get through the cell easily
barrier
(water loving) contains phophate
functions of cell membrane
boundary-cell can move around and change shape... homeostasis-tr…
semi selective permeability
only some particles can get through the cell easily
11 terms
Cellular Division
Interphase
G1
S
G2
normal cellular activity:... -cell growth... -normal metabolic acti…
initial growth phase
DNA replication or synthesis phase
second growth phase
Interphase
normal cellular activity:... -cell growth... -normal metabolic acti…
G1
initial growth phase
10 terms
Cellular Division
interphase
interphase
prophase
prophase
The cell is engaged in metabolic activity and performing its…
Chromatin in the nucleus begins to condense and becomes visib…
interphase
The cell is engaged in metabolic activity and performing its…
interphase
Cellular Division
Eukarytoic division
Prokaryotic division
Origin of replication
Bidirectional
Meiosis
Binary fission
Starting spot of cellular replication... (Binary fission)
DNA replicated in two directions... (Binary fission)
Eukarytoic division
Meiosis
Prokaryotic division
Binary fission
19 terms
Division cellular
ciclo celular
fases del ciclo celular
interfase
mitosis
Conjunto de actividades de crecimiento y división celular
interfase y mitosis
Etapa en la que la célula no sufre cambios visibles en su núc…
Etapa en la que el núcleo celular sufre una serie de cambios…
ciclo celular
Conjunto de actividades de crecimiento y división celular
fases del ciclo celular
interfase y mitosis
Cellular Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
interphase
prophase
Cellular growth and division
Sexual Gamete prodution
Mitosis
Cellular growth and division
Meiosis
Sexual Gamete prodution
Cellular Division
DNA of a prokaryote cell is
Eukaryote cells store ______ in chromo…
Duplicated chromosome
Examples of asexual reproduction
One circular chromosome
Genetic information
Dyad
Mitosis and binary fission
DNA of a prokaryote cell is
One circular chromosome
Eukaryote cells store ______ in chromo…
Genetic information
10 terms
Cellular Division
Haploid Cell
Somatic Cells
Anaphase
Diploid Cell
Cell with one copy of each cromosomes
Another name for a Diploid cell.
When the spindie fibers pull apart the chromatids
Cell with two copies of each chromosomes
Haploid Cell
Cell with one copy of each cromosomes
Somatic Cells
Another name for a Diploid cell.
Cellular Division
Francesco Redi (1626-1697)
Rudolf Virchow 1821-1902
Cell Division
Asexual reproduction
Italian physician and poet... Tested the idea of Spontaneous Gen…
German Scientist... Worked with disease causing microorganisms a…
All cells are derived from preexisting cells... Process differs…
involves a single cell dividing to make two new, identical da…
Francesco Redi (1626-1697)
Italian physician and poet... Tested the idea of Spontaneous Gen…
Rudolf Virchow 1821-1902
German Scientist... Worked with disease causing microorganisms a…
24 terms
Cellular Division
mitosis
malignant
benign
BRCA1
division of the nucleus
cancerous tumor, harmful, actively dividing and growing, ex.…
noncancerous tumor, not harmful, overgrowth but has stopped,…
genes that produce tumor suppressor proteins, everyone has them
mitosis
division of the nucleus
malignant
cancerous tumor, harmful, actively dividing and growing, ex.…
20 terms
Cellular Division
Mitosis
chromosome
prophase
metaphase
Method of chromosomal division in eukaryotic cells, the 1st p…
structure that organizes DNA molecules. Made from DNA coiled…
1st stage of Mitosis, marked by the gradual disappearance of…
2nd stage of mitosis, marked by the freed chromosomes lining…
Mitosis
Method of chromosomal division in eukaryotic cells, the 1st p…
chromosome
structure that organizes DNA molecules. Made from DNA coiled…
20 terms
Cellular Division
Gene
Chromatin
Chromosome
Chromatids
A section on the DNA strand that codes for a specific trait.
The strands of DNA that coil and loop in the "hereditary soup…
Genetic bundles that act like "filing cabinets" for genes.
The "twin towers" of the chromosome that are bound at the cen…
Gene
A section on the DNA strand that codes for a specific trait.
Chromatin
The strands of DNA that coil and loop in the "hereditary soup…
Cellular Division
DNA (Human Cell)
Chromatin
Histone
DNA Packing System
-1.8 meters long... -must pack into a small nucleus
thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
protein that DNA winds around
-Chromatin... -histone... -DNA is found as chromatin most of the time
DNA (Human Cell)
-1.8 meters long... -must pack into a small nucleus
Chromatin
thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
21 terms
Cellular Division
Reasons cells divide
Types of Cellular Division
Organization of DNA
Genome
-Reproduction... -growth and development... -tissue renewal... -mainta…
Asexual... -mitosis... -binary fission... Sexual... -meiosis
2 m of DNA per cell... - 2 x 1013 m in the entire body = 67 trip…
‐the DNA of a cell... - Prokaryotes... • single circular chromosome…
Reasons cells divide
-Reproduction... -growth and development... -tissue renewal... -mainta…
Types of Cellular Division
Asexual... -mitosis... -binary fission... Sexual... -meiosis
13 terms
Cellular Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Gametes
2n
division of the nucleus
creation of sex cells
sex cells - haploid
46 chromosomes
Mitosis
division of the nucleus
Meiosis
creation of sex cells
6 terms
cellular division
anaphase
prophase
telophase
metaphase
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
After the chromosome seperates, the cell seals off, Final Pha…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
anaphase
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
prophase
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
Cellular Division
The DNA in each human cell
chromatin
histone
chromatin
-1.8 meters long... -must pack into a small nucleus
thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
protein that DNA unwinds around
DNA is found as _____ most of the time
The DNA in each human cell
-1.8 meters long... -must pack into a small nucleus
chromatin
thin fibers made of DNA and proteins
Cellular Division
What are the two problems with larger…
Cell Division
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Surface Area-Volume ratio and long distances from the nucleus
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the material of which the chromosomes of organisms other than…
What are the two problems with larger…
Surface Area-Volume ratio and long distances from the nucleus
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
48 terms
Cellular Division
Why do cells need to divide?
Cells that divide often vs. Cells that…
What are the main characteristics of p…
What is binary fission and what are it…
For reproduction— passing on genetic information—, repair, an…
Skin cells divide often, such as the constant need for repair…
Prokaryotes have low organization, have no nucleus and produc…
Binary fission is a method of asexual reproduction that invol…
Why do cells need to divide?
For reproduction— passing on genetic information—, repair, an…
Cells that divide often vs. Cells that…
Skin cells divide often, such as the constant need for repair…
75 terms
Cellular Division
what is G1?
what is the S Phase?
what is G2?
when is the final checkpoint?
growth one, or the first growth of the cell
the synthesis of DNA copying
growth two, or the second growth
phase G2
what is G1?
growth one, or the first growth of the cell
what is the S Phase?
the synthesis of DNA copying
Cellular Division
Why do cells need to divide?
Cells that divide often vs. Cells that…
What are the main characteristics of p…
What is binary fission and what are it…
For reproduction— passing on genetic information—, repair, an…
Skin cells divide often, such as the constant need for repair…
Prokaryotes have low organization, have no nucleus and produc…
Binary fission is a method of asexual reproduction that invol…
Why do cells need to divide?
For reproduction— passing on genetic information—, repair, an…
Cells that divide often vs. Cells that…
Skin cells divide often, such as the constant need for repair…
60 terms
cellular division
as a cell grows, its what increases?
why do cells remain small?
what does cell size have an affect on?
when do cells stop growing?
volume... ** by remaining small cells have a higher ratio of sur…
maximize the ability of diffusion to transport nutrients and…
the ability of a cell to communicate instructions for cellula…
when they reach their size limit, then they divide or die
as a cell grows, its what increases?
volume... ** by remaining small cells have a higher ratio of sur…
why do cells remain small?
maximize the ability of diffusion to transport nutrients and…
Cellular Division
Anaphase
Cell cycle
Centromere
Centriole
'when the centromeres split and the sister chromatids are pul…
sequence go growth and division of a cell
structures that hold sister chromatids together
...
Anaphase
'when the centromeres split and the sister chromatids are pul…
Cell cycle
sequence go growth and division of a cell
Cellular Division
Centriole
Centromere
Cytokinesis
Mitosis
A structure in a animal cell; near nuclear envelope; located…
Region of a chromosome where chromatids are attached
Division of cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells dur…
Division of a nucleus into two genetically identical daughter…
Centriole
A structure in a animal cell; near nuclear envelope; located…
Centromere
Region of a chromosome where chromatids are attached
49 terms
Cellular Division
cell cycle
somatic cell
parent cell
daughter cell
a continuous sequence of cell growth and division.
any of the cells of a multicellular organism except those tha…
original cell that divides to produce two new daughter cells…
any one of two identical cells produced during mitosis of the…
cell cycle
a continuous sequence of cell growth and division.
somatic cell
any of the cells of a multicellular organism except those tha…
28 terms
Cellular Division: Mitosis & Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
The process where a somatic cell divides into two diploid dau…
The first stage of mitosis, in which 3 things happen: 1) chro…
The 2nd stage of mitosis, in which the spindle is complete an…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
The process where a somatic cell divides into two diploid dau…
Cellular Division
Cancer
Centromere
Crossing Over
Cytokinesis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Centromere
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
36 terms
Cellular Division
interphase
mitosis
g1
s phase
primarily cell growth - not cell division;
time during cell cycle with cell division
part of cell cycle - growth phase... produce extra organelles,…
phase of cell cycle where dna replication takes place
interphase
primarily cell growth - not cell division;
mitosis
time during cell cycle with cell division
Cellular division
Cell growth, repair and replacement of…
Gap 1
Synthesis phase
Gap 2
Reasons why cells divide
Cell is growing carry out normal functions,preparing to repli…
DNA replicates
Cells make all structures to divide, preparing for nuclear di…
Cell growth, repair and replacement of…
Reasons why cells divide
Gap 1
Cell is growing carry out normal functions,preparing to repli…
Cellular Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
centromeres
first stage of cell division
second stage of cell divion
replicated chromosome "sisters"
attaches chromatids to each other, located in center
mitosis
first stage of cell division
cytokinesis
second stage of cell divion
Cellular Division
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Most of the life of the cell is spent here. Divided into 3 su…
Occurs just after cell division where the cell requires nutri…
Chromosome replication, each chromosome is duplicated once
Synthesis of other molecules
Interphase
Most of the life of the cell is spent here. Divided into 3 su…
G1 Phase
Occurs just after cell division where the cell requires nutri…
12 terms
Cellular Division
Mitosis creates...
Meiosis creates...
Mitosis # of divisions...
Meiosis # of divisions...
Somatic cells
Gametes cells
one
two
Mitosis creates...
Somatic cells
Meiosis creates...
Gametes cells
Cellular Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Somatic cells
Offspring are clones (genetically identical to parent)... Genet…
Requires gametes - two parents each contribute one gamete to…
consists of a single molecule of DNA and proteins
body cells not specialized for reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Offspring are clones (genetically identical to parent)... Genet…
Sexual Reproduction
Requires gametes - two parents each contribute one gamete to…
cellular division
cell cycle
interphase
repliction
mitosis
the regular sequence of growth and division, a cell undergoes
the first stage cell undergoes in witch the cell grows, makes…
the process in witch the cell makes a copy of its DNA
when the cells nuclei is divided in two
cell cycle
the regular sequence of growth and division, a cell undergoes
interphase
the first stage cell undergoes in witch the cell grows, makes…
26 terms
Cellular Division
Mitosis
Somatic
Reproductive
Meiosis
Occurs only in body cells.
Body Cells
Egg and sperm
Diploid parents produce haploid daughters
Mitosis
Occurs only in body cells.
Somatic
Body Cells
1 of 10