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Study sets matching "cellular respiration biology 2"

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Study sets matching "cellular respiration biology 2"

18 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration (2)
ATP
ADP
Cellular Respiration
Chemiosmosis
made of 1 adenosine, 1 ribose group, 3 phosphate groups
made of 1 adenosine, 1 ribose group, 2 phosphate groups
how organisms release energy from food
occurs in electron transport chain
ATP
made of 1 adenosine, 1 ribose group, 3 phosphate groups
ADP
made of 1 adenosine, 1 ribose group, 2 phosphate groups
38 terms
Cellular Respiration Biology 2
ATP synthase
OAA
To get sugar
Ethanol and CO2
What protein in the Mitochondrial inner membrane actually pho…
Which 4 carbon compound joins with Acetyl CoA at the start of…
Why do we need to eat in cellular respiration?
In fungi, like yeast, what products are made as waste from fe…
ATP synthase
What protein in the Mitochondrial inner membrane actually pho…
OAA
Which 4 carbon compound joins with Acetyl CoA at the start of…
43 terms
SAT 2 Biology Cellular Respiration
ATP stands for
Where is energy stored in the ATP?
When energy is required for some proce…
Summary Equation for Cellular respirat…
adenosine triphosphate
Bond that holds the third phosphate to the molecule
Cell will hydrolyze (break) the bond between the second and t…
Glucose + Oxygen = Carbon Dioxide + Water + ATP
ATP stands for
adenosine triphosphate
Where is energy stored in the ATP?
Bond that holds the third phosphate to the molecule
27 terms
biology2-cellular respiration :))))
exergonic
anabolism
catabolism
aerobic respiration
release/breakdown of organic molecules
building molecules
breaking down molecules
consumes organic molecules like O2 and yields at ATP
exergonic
release/breakdown of organic molecules
anabolism
building molecules
18 terms
Biology E2 Cellular Respiration
Energy is stored in the
Light energy* →
ATP* hydrolysis →
To synthesize organic molecules, it ta…
chemical bonds of glucose ... 6CO2 + 12H2O (H source) + energy*…
Chemical bond energy (ATP*)
ADP + Pi + energy*
1. ATP ... 2. Source of attachable H.
Energy is stored in the
chemical bonds of glucose ... 6CO2 + 12H2O (H source) + energy*…
Light energy* →
Chemical bond energy (ATP*)
24 terms
Biology Exam 2 - Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast anaerobic and aer…
How does NADH and the electron transpo…
Describe the amount of ATP synthesized…
Compare and contrast ATP generation du…
Aerobic: respiration that requires the presence of oxygen to…
During glycolysis, the carbon backbone of glucose is broken a…
Glycolysis produces a net yield of 2 ATP, the CA Cycle produc…
Substrate-level: An enzyme directly transfers a phosphate gro…
Compare and contrast anaerobic and aer…
Aerobic: respiration that requires the presence of oxygen to…
How does NADH and the electron transpo…
During glycolysis, the carbon backbone of glucose is broken a…
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
28 terms
Biology 9.2 - Cellular Respiration
anaerobic
aerobic
glycolysis
krebs cycle (citric acid cycle)
lacks oxygen, small amount of energy
oxygen is present; large amount of energy
First state of cellular respiration in which a molecule of gl…
Second stage of cellular respiration in which pyruvic acid is…
anaerobic
lacks oxygen, small amount of energy
aerobic
oxygen is present; large amount of energy
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration (Test 2)
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
11 terms
2.4 Cell Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Opposite of photosynthesis
Glucose and oxygen
Carbon dioxide, water, and energy
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis
Reactants of cellular respiration
Products of cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Opposite of photosynthesis
Relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis
45 terms
Biology Unit 2- Cellular Respiration
It is a molecule that supplies the cel…
It has 3 Phosphoric acid molecules, 1…
It is a sugar which is C5 H10 O5
C5 H5 O5
What is ATP?
What is the build up of ATP?
What is Ribose?
What is the make up of Adenine?
It is a molecule that supplies the cel…
What is ATP?
It has 3 Phosphoric acid molecules, 1…
What is the build up of ATP?
16 terms
Biology cellular respiration worksheet #2
What are the 2 metabolic pathways a ce…
write the overall equation for aerobic…
what are the 3 phases of the aerobic c…
where in the cell does the glycolysis…
1 aerobic respiration... 2 anaerobic respirations... if it has oxyg…
aerobic -->glucose + oxygen-->co2+h2o... Anaerobic--> 1. glucose…
gycolsis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain
cytoplasm
What are the 2 metabolic pathways a ce…
1 aerobic respiration... 2 anaerobic respirations... if it has oxyg…
write the overall equation for aerobic…
aerobic -->glucose + oxygen-->co2+h2o... Anaerobic--> 1. glucose…
29 terms
Biology Level 2 Cellular Respiration
Energy in cells
Cellular respiration
cellular respiration equation
Respiration
photosynthesis uses energy from the sun to produce glucose. g…
one glucose molecule provides the energy for production of 38…
glucose + oxygen (arrow) carbon dioxide + water + energy
the process by which cells obtain energy. In this process org…
Energy in cells
photosynthesis uses energy from the sun to produce glucose. g…
Cellular respiration
one glucose molecule provides the energy for production of 38…
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
28 terms
Cellular Respiration- biology Exam 2
what is the first step in cellular res…
what are the 2 carriers for energy and…
if oxygen is NOT present, what is glyc…
what molecule is produced when glucose…
glycolysis
A T P, and N A D P H
fermentation
pyruvate, aka pyruvic acid
what is the first step in cellular res…
glycolysis
what are the 2 carriers for energy and…
A T P, and N A D P H
Biology SAT2: Cellular Respiration
What is Cellular Respiration?
What are oxidative reactions?
What is the formula for Cellular Respi…
What is ATP?
A series of oxidative reactions by which cells gradually rele…
When atoms lose electrons
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H20 + energy
The high energy molecule that stores energy for the immediate…
What is Cellular Respiration?
A series of oxidative reactions by which cells gradually rele…
What are oxidative reactions?
When atoms lose electrons
23 terms
Biology quiz 2 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Energy carriers
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
NADPH
Is the process of releasing energy from food molecules to fue…
Are organic molecules that receive, store, and deliver energy…
Is the most widely used energy carrier. It is the universal e…
Delivers energy by providing electrons and hydrogen ions to a…
Cellular Respiration
Is the process of releasing energy from food molecules to fue…
Energy carriers
Are organic molecules that receive, store, and deliver energy…
16 terms
Biology cellular respiration worksheet #2
What are the 2 metabolic pathways a ce…
write the overall equation for aerobic…
what are the 3 phases of the aerobic c…
where in the cell does the glycolysis…
1 aerobic respiration... 2 anaerobic respirations... if it has oxyg…
aerobic -->glucose + oxygen-->co2+h2o... Anaerobic--> 1. glucose…
gycolsis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain
cytoplasm
What are the 2 metabolic pathways a ce…
1 aerobic respiration... 2 anaerobic respirations... if it has oxyg…
write the overall equation for aerobic…
aerobic -->glucose + oxygen-->co2+h2o... Anaerobic--> 1. glucose…
45 terms
Biology Exam 2 (Cellular Respiration)
Electron Carriers
Mitochondria
Glycolysis
Steps of Cellular Respiration
Oxidized ... ~NAD⁺... ~FAD... Reduced ... ~NADH... ~FADH₂
Creates energy through cellular respiration
~The oxidation of Glucose into Carbon Dioxide ... ~1st step in g…
1. Glycolysis... 2. Pyruvate Processing... 3. Citric Acid/ Krebs/ T…
Electron Carriers
Oxidized ... ~NAD⁺... ~FAD... Reduced ... ~NADH... ~FADH₂
Mitochondria
Creates energy through cellular respiration
11 terms
Biology test 2 cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Oxidation
Reduction
Reducing agent
Process of releasing energy contained in organic molecules
Loss of electrons
Gaining of electrons
Electron seller
Cellular respiration
Process of releasing energy contained in organic molecules
Oxidation
Loss of electrons
29 terms
Biology Unit 2 Cellular Respiration
What are the 3 metabolic processes in…
What is the input of cellular respirat…
What is the output of cellular respira…
Where does Glycolysis take place?
-Glycolysis... -Krebs Cycle... -ETC
-Oxygen... -Sugar
-Carbon Dioxide... -Water... -Energy
Cystol
What are the 3 metabolic processes in…
-Glycolysis... -Krebs Cycle... -ETC
What is the input of cellular respirat…
-Oxygen... -Sugar
62 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cellular Respiration
What do redox reactions involve?
Define redox reactions.
Define oxidation
Define reduction
Oxidation and Reduction
Chemical reactions that transfer electrons between reactants
a substance loses electrons, or is oxidized
a substance gains electrons, or is reduced
What do redox reactions involve?
Oxidation and Reduction
Define redox reactions.
Chemical reactions that transfer electrons between reactants
32 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Part 2
After glycosis, ___________ percentage…
_______________ is required for final…
Krebs cycle occurs in ________________…
The carbon compound that enters Krebs…
90
oxygen; electron; acceptor
matrix
acetyl-CoA
After glycosis, ___________ percentage…
90
_______________ is required for final…
oxygen; electron; acceptor
19 terms
Biology 1/2 cellular respiration
Cell respiration
ATP/ADP
Glucose + Oxygen->36ATP+Carbon dioxide…
Constant energy?
A chemical process where glucose is broken down to form ATP f…
Adenosine Triphosphate/Adenosine diphosphate... -energy currency…
Equation
Energy cannot be recycled
Cell respiration
A chemical process where glucose is broken down to form ATP f…
ATP/ADP
Adenosine Triphosphate/Adenosine diphosphate... -energy currency…
56 terms
Biology Unit 2: Cellular Respiration
What is fermentation?
What is aerobic respiration?
What is anaerobic respiration?
aerobic respiration and anaerobic resp…
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel, which…
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel…
harvesting chemical energy without oxygen
cellular respiration
What is fermentation?
a partial degradation of sugars or other organic fuel, which…
What is aerobic respiration?
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with the organic fuel…
9 terms
Biology cellular respiration PART 2
Inputs and outputs of glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Inputs: glucose, 2 NAD+
Takes place in the cytoplasm outside the mitochondria
No oxygen required
Glucose is split into two pyruvates
Inputs and outputs of glycolysis
Inputs: glucose, 2 NAD+
Glycolysis
Takes place in the cytoplasm outside the mitochondria
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration 2
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
23 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration Pt. 2
what is ATP?
what are the 3 types of cellular work…
where in the cell does glycolysis occur?
what are the reactants of glycolysis?
adenosine triphosphate, main energy source that cells use for…
chemical, mechanical, transport
cystoplasm
pyruvic acid, 2 ADP, 4 ATP, 2 NADH
what is ATP?
adenosine triphosphate, main energy source that cells use for…
what are the 3 types of cellular work…
chemical, mechanical, transport
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
32 terms
Unit 2 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Honors Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
glucose
chloroplast
An organism that can make its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
A carbohydrate (sugar) monomer made during photosyntheis. ... C6…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells. Photosynthesis h…
autotroph
An organism that can make its own food
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
11 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Respiration
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
extraction of energy from organic mole…
carbohydrates or lipids and proteins
glucose
what is respiration on the gross level?
what is respiration on the cellular level?
what is the fuel for cellular respiration?
what form must carbohydrates be in order to enter the cell?
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
what is respiration on the gross level?
extraction of energy from organic mole…
what is respiration on the cellular level?
7 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
23 terms
Cellular Respiration (Biology Unit 2)
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondrion
Glycolysis
Prepatory Phase
-a major exergonic reaction that releases energy to fuel cell…
-organelle involved in cellular respiration... -know where inner…
-stage 1 of cellular respiration... -occurs in cytosol of cell a…
-first part in glycolysis in which 2 ATP are used (-2 ATP) to…
Cellular Respiration
-a major exergonic reaction that releases energy to fuel cell…
Mitochondrion
-organelle involved in cellular respiration... -know where inner…
14 terms
Biology - Unit 2 Part 2: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
Aerobic Respiration
The process in which cells make ATP by breaking down sugar (g…
A molecule that acts as an energy source in all cells.
This molecule that results when ATP is broken down and releas…
The process in which cells make ATP by breaking down sugar (g…
Cellular Respiration
The process in which cells make ATP by breaking down sugar (g…
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
A molecule that acts as an energy source in all cells.
34 terms
Biology Exam 2 Cellular Respiration
autotrophs
heterotrophs
cellular respiration
fermentation
able to produce their own organic molecules through photosynt…
live on organic compounds produced by other organisms
extraction of energy from organic molecules... -a series of reac…
partial degration of sugars or other organic fuel that occurs…
autotrophs
able to produce their own organic molecules through photosynt…
heterotrophs
live on organic compounds produced by other organisms
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
47 terms
Biology Test 2: Cellular Respiration
Atp production for plant cells is call…
Photosynthesis generates...
Cellular Respiration utilizes ________…
Why is ATP good for storing energy?
photosynthesis
organic molecules & oxygen
organic molecules and oxygen
tug of war going on with phosphate and the O-
Atp production for plant cells is call…
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis generates...
organic molecules & oxygen
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
16 terms
Biology cellular respiration part 2
How many ATP are given off in the kreb…
How many NADH are given off in the kre…
How many total NADH are given off if b…
How many FADH2 are given off in the kr…
1
3
6
1
How many ATP are given off in the kreb…
1
How many NADH are given off in the kre…
3
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
15 terms
Biology 2 - Cellular Respiration (5.1)
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
ADP
ATP
- Energy from food is transferred to ATP... - Substrate broken d…
Adenosine diphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
- Energy from food is transferred to ATP... - Substrate broken d…
Aerobic Respiration
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
16 terms
Biology Quiz 2 Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
ATP
Main goal of cellular respiration
Energy-yielding nutrients
-How most cells get energy from nutrients... -Opposite of photos…
Adenosine Triphosphate ... Energy molecules in cells... Energy (fro…
To generate as much ATP as possible for the cell
Carbohydrates, especially glucose, are the preferred energy s…
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
-How most cells get energy from nutrients... -Opposite of photos…
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate ... Energy molecules in cells... Energy (fro…
11 terms
Biology part 2 ( cellular respiration)
Which organelle does cellular respirat…
Step 1 of cellular respiration: Glycol…
Step 2:
Step 3: Krebs Cycle
Mitochondria
>Takes place in the cytoplasm ... >glucose is the reactant ... > gl…
Pyruvate is changed into Acetyl Coenzyme A. ... *reactant: pyruv…
>Occurs in the matrix ... >This cycle transfers energy to the el…
Which organelle does cellular respirat…
Mitochondria
Step 1 of cellular respiration: Glycol…
>Takes place in the cytoplasm ... >glucose is the reactant ... > gl…
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
23 terms
Biology Exam 2- Cellular Respiration
ATP
Phosphorylation
Cellular Respiration
Oxidation
releases a lot of energy when it is broken down to ADP, that…
movement of a phosphate group from one molecule to another, a…
a series of redox reactions that break down glucose to create…
Removing electrons... -leads to a reduction in potential energy…
ATP
releases a lot of energy when it is broken down to ADP, that…
Phosphorylation
movement of a phosphate group from one molecule to another, a…
37 terms
biology exam 2 cellular respiration
define cellular respiration
4 stages of cellular respiration
phases of glycolysis
where does glycolysis occur
transfer energy from our food to our cells
glycolysis... Acetyl co A synthesis... TCA cycle... electron transport…
phosphorylation... cleavage... oxidation
in the cytosol
define cellular respiration
transfer energy from our food to our cells
4 stages of cellular respiration
glycolysis... Acetyl co A synthesis... TCA cycle... electron transport…
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