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Study sets matching "cerebral"

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Study sets matching "cerebral"

85 terms
Cerebral
when does the brain grow rapidly?
No new nerve cells past what age?
1/2 of brain growth is achieved by
First 6 years of life impact children
first year of life
6 months gestations
1st year of life (related to nerve growth)
for the rest of their life. ... -headstart programming is so im…
when does the brain grow rapidly?
first year of life
No new nerve cells past what age?
6 months gestations
10 terms
Cerebral
Accidental drowning occurs more common…
Children younger than 1 year are more…
The outcome of drowning victims depend…
3 main kinds of meningitis
toddlers, boys, AA
bathtubs
duration of submersion and speed and effectiveness of resusci…
viral, bacterial, tuberculin
Accidental drowning occurs more common…
toddlers, boys, AA
Children younger than 1 year are more…
bathtubs
26 terms
Cerebral
Neuro development
Reflexes
CNS/brain
Cerebral blood flow
• Rapid prenatal growth... • Rapid growth in first year (50%)…
• Moro reflex - startle (6)... • Walking reflex - stepping... • P…
• Brain coverings - meninges... • CSF is in the sub arachnoid s…
• Cerebral Perfusion Pressure = mean arterial pressure - intr…
Neuro development
• Rapid prenatal growth... • Rapid growth in first year (50%)…
Reflexes
• Moro reflex - startle (6)... • Walking reflex - stepping... • P…
17 terms
Cerebral
Increased ICP
Late signs of ↑ ICP
Lumbar puncture
Respiratory management
-most often a complication of a TBI... -high pitched cry is spec…
bradycardia, decreased LOC, decreased motor response to comma…
-L3-L4 for glucose, protein, leukocytes, cx - label tube #'s…
• Airway management is primary concern... • Cerebral hypoxia lon…
Increased ICP
-most often a complication of a TBI... -high pitched cry is spec…
Late signs of ↑ ICP
bradycardia, decreased LOC, decreased motor response to comma…
40 terms
Cerebral
2 Hemispheres
Gray Matter
White Matter
White matter is ___% of hemispheres
1. Outside (gray matter)... 2. Inside (white matter)
contains neurons
pathway of neurons
60
2 Hemispheres
1. Outside (gray matter)... 2. Inside (white matter)
Gray Matter
contains neurons
8 terms
Cerebral
Transient Ischemic Attack
Ischemic
Stroke
Hemorrhagic Stoke
Brief attack of focal neurologic dysfunction caused by a brie…
cell dysfunction or death from a lack of oxygen resulting fro…
caused by a change in the blood flow to the brain tissue
occur when the integrity of the vessel is interrupted and ble…
Transient Ischemic Attack
Brief attack of focal neurologic dysfunction caused by a brie…
Ischemic
cell dysfunction or death from a lack of oxygen resulting fro…
14 terms
Cerebral
cerebral palsy
cerebral palsy
Werdnig Hoffman disease
Werdnig Hoffman disease
group of permanent disorders of the development of movement a…
delayed gross motor development... altered motor performance... a…
spinal muscular atrophy type 1
progressive weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles caused b…
cerebral palsy
group of permanent disorders of the development of movement a…
cerebral palsy
delayed gross motor development... altered motor performance... a…
6 terms
cerebral palsy
botulinum toxin A mechanism of action
TORCH syndrome
most reliable predictor for ability to…
diplegic CP
decreases acetylcholine levels in the synaptic cleft by block…
associated with cerebral palsy... toxoplasmosis... rubella... cytom…
independent sitting by age 2
Legs more than arms but usually still ambulatory. ... IQ may be…
botulinum toxin A mechanism of action
decreases acetylcholine levels in the synaptic cleft by block…
TORCH syndrome
associated with cerebral palsy... toxoplasmosis... rubella... cytom…
8 terms
Cerebrate
Harry
Niall
Liam
ZAYN
The cutest one
Cute
Good singer
Miss u
Harry
The cutest one
Niall
Cute
27 terms
cerebral dysfunction
signs of increase ICP in infants
signs of ICP in children
ICP in infants/ children: personality…
late signs of Increased ICP
-tense, bulging fontanels... -separated cranial sutures... -macewen…
-HA... -vomiting/nausea... -diplopia, blurred vision... -seizures... -los…
Irritability, restlessness... Indifference, drowsiness, or lack…
-bradycardia... -decreased consciousness ... -decrease motor respon…
signs of increase ICP in infants
-tense, bulging fontanels... -separated cranial sutures... -macewen…
signs of ICP in children
-HA... -vomiting/nausea... -diplopia, blurred vision... -seizures... -los…
36 terms
Cerebral lateralization
Brodmann's areas
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
Parietal lobe
cortical areas are divided into 52 sections; no 13-16;
elementary auditory processing
elementary visual processing
elementary somatosensory processing
Brodmann's areas
cortical areas are divided into 52 sections; no 13-16;
Temporal lobe
elementary auditory processing
9 terms
Cerebral Arteries
ANTERIOR COMMUNICATING
ANTERIOR CEREBRAL
MIDDLE CEREBRAL
INTERNAL CAROTID
ANTERIOR COMMUNICATING
ANTERIOR CEREBRAL
69 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Gray matter: 6 different layers are di…
Cerebrum (largest part of brain) with…
Brodmann Areas: Primary motor area
Brodmann Areas: Premotor area
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granular layer... 3. External pyr…
-Frontal: reasoning, planning, speech, movement, emotions, pr…
4, (motor homunculus)
6
Gray matter: 6 different layers are di…
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granular layer... 3. External pyr…
Cerebrum (largest part of brain) with…
-Frontal: reasoning, planning, speech, movement, emotions, pr…
65 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Importance of the brainstem
Does the brainstem perceive info?
How does the cerebral hemispheres assi…
Cortex is teh location of
Provide the basic survival functions by controlling respirati…
The spinal cord and brainstem are basically passageways to br…
After a stimulus passes the spinal cord and brainstem, the su…
Conscious awareness of self
Importance of the brainstem
Provide the basic survival functions by controlling respirati…
Does the brainstem perceive info?
The spinal cord and brainstem are basically passageways to br…
36 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Central Sulcus
postcentral gyrus
Somatic Association Area
Wernicke's Area
#3
C... -Primary Sensory Cortex... -Receives information from general…
D... determines location and intensity of sensory messages
A... - Understanding (comprehension) language-> recognizing spec…
Central Sulcus
#3
postcentral gyrus
C... -Primary Sensory Cortex... -Receives information from general…
18 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Lateral view of brodmans areas
medial view of bodmans areas
lateral view of the brain
gyri of the temporal lobe
Lateral view of brodmans areas
medial view of bodmans areas
31 terms
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy
Is Cerebral Palsy progressive?
What is CP?
Congenital CP
-umbrella term for a brain injury (or abnormal brain developm…
CP is NOT progressive, but the issues that present themselves…
CP is caused by problems with the motor skill areas of the br…
-brain injury or abnormality during intra-uterine life... -prese…
Cerebral Palsy
-umbrella term for a brain injury (or abnormal brain developm…
Is Cerebral Palsy progressive?
CP is NOT progressive, but the issues that present themselves…
9 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
Right Hemisphere of Brain
Left Hemisphere of Brain
Sulci
Gyri
Right Hemisphere of Brain
Left Hemisphere of Brain
Cerebral Hemispheres
Cerebral Hemispheres
Longitudinal fissure
Gray matter
Gyri
Two convoluted masses of neural tissue separated in the midsa…
Separates the two halves of the cerebral hemispheres
Compromises the cerebral cortex. ... Made up primarily of neuron…
Ridges which rise between the sulci of the cerebral cortex.
Cerebral Hemispheres
Two convoluted masses of neural tissue separated in the midsa…
Longitudinal fissure
Separates the two halves of the cerebral hemispheres
20 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral cortex
Frontal
Occipital
Temporal
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
The association areas in this lobe bring together information…
The association areas in this lobe are involved in memory for…
Cerebral cortex
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
Frontal
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
17 terms
Cerebral Palsy
What is Cerebral Palsy?
CP Prevalence
3 Stages that CP could occur in
Which stage has the most potential for…
An umbrella term which covers many motor impairments caused b…
Leading cause of childhood disability affecting function and…
Prenatal, Perinatal, Postnatal
Prenatal
What is Cerebral Palsy?
An umbrella term which covers many motor impairments caused b…
CP Prevalence
Leading cause of childhood disability affecting function and…
36 terms
cerebral hemisphere
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
Cerebral hemispheres and cerebral cortex
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granula…
1. Molecular layer
2. External granular layer
3. External pyramidal layer
What are the layers of the cerebral cortex?
Rich in axons, dendrites, and glial cells (protoplasmic astro…
Small pyramidal cells, some multipolar and Golgi type 1... Dendr…
Small to medium pyramidal cells, magnopyramidal cells (typica…
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granula…
What are the layers of the cerebral cortex?
1. Molecular layer
Rich in axons, dendrites, and glial cells (protoplasmic astro…
35 terms
Cerebral hemispheres and cerebral cortex
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granula…
1. Molecular layer
2. External granular layer
3. External pyramidal layer
What are the layers of the cerebral cortex?
Rich in axons, dendrites, and glial cells (protoplasmic astro…
Small pyramidal cells, some multipolar and Golgi type 1... Dendr…
Small to medium pyramidal cells, magnopyramidal cells (typica…
1. Molecular layer... 2. External granula…
What are the layers of the cerebral cortex?
1. Molecular layer
Rich in axons, dendrites, and glial cells (protoplasmic astro…
29 terms
Cerebral hemisphere and cerebral neocortex
Cerebrum
Cerebral Hemisphere
Rhinencephalon
Gray matter of the cerebral hemisphere
-derived from the embryonic telencephalon... -consists of right…
- has gray matter, white matter and one lateral venrticle... - p…
- phylogenetically old... -ventral portion, usually called the n…
- cerebral cortex (3 cortex categories:archi-, paleo-, neo-…
Cerebrum
-derived from the embryonic telencephalon... -consists of right…
Cerebral Hemisphere
- has gray matter, white matter and one lateral venrticle... - p…
40 terms
cerebral hemisphere and cerebral cortex
caudate nucleus, putamen and globus pa…
intraparietal sulcus
calcarine sulcus,
cingulate gyrus, parahippocampal gyrus…
Buried within the white matter lie a number of nuclear masses…
Behind the postcentral gyrus, the _______ _______ divides the…
The occipital lobe—medial surface has the prominent ________…
are sometimes referred to as the limbic lobe of the cerebral…
caudate nucleus, putamen and globus pa…
Buried within the white matter lie a number of nuclear masses…
intraparietal sulcus
Behind the postcentral gyrus, the _______ _______ divides the…
20 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
Gyrus
Sulcus
Longitudinal Fissure
Central Sulcus
A ridge or fold between two clefts on the cerebral surface in…
A groove or furrow, especially one on the surface of the brain
Gyrus
A ridge or fold between two clefts on the cerebral surface in…
Sulcus
A groove or furrow, especially one on the surface of the brain
20 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
Cerebral hemispheres
Gyri
Sulci
Fissures
Form superior part of brain; account for 83% of brain mass.
Ridges.
Shallow grooves.
Deep grooves.
Cerebral hemispheres
Form superior part of brain; account for 83% of brain mass.
Gyri
Ridges.
6 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral Cortex
Domains
Motor; sensory; association
Contralateral
"Executive suite" of brain; site of conscious mind: awareness…
Functional imaging (PET and MRI) of brain show specific motor…
Contains three types of functional areas.... _______ areas: con…
Each hemisphere is concerned with ________ (opposite) side of…
Cerebral Cortex
"Executive suite" of brain; site of conscious mind: awareness…
Domains
Functional imaging (PET and MRI) of brain show specific motor…
8 terms
cerebral circulation
circle of willis
vertebral artery of neck
basilar artery of brain
posterior cerebral artery
keeps the blood flowing in the brain, prevents blockage. circ…
2 major artery of neck. carries oxygenated blood to the brain…
carries oxygenated blood to the cerebellum, brainstem, and oc…
from the basilar artery oxygenated blood flow to this artery…
circle of willis
keeps the blood flowing in the brain, prevents blockage. circ…
vertebral artery of neck
2 major artery of neck. carries oxygenated blood to the brain…
10 terms
Cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy
Causes
Diagnosis
Treatment
Static neurological condition results from brain injury befor…
Multiple gestation premature birth ... Infection during pregnanc…
CT MRI ... Early D.C. Symptoms ... Lethargy trembling twitching poo…
Physical therapy early... Swimming ... Hydrotherapy ... Surgery ... Botul…
Cerebral palsy
Static neurological condition results from brain injury befor…
Causes
Multiple gestation premature birth ... Infection during pregnanc…
20 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral cortex
Frontal
Occipital
Temporal
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
The association areas in this lobe bring together information…
The association areas in this lobe are involved in memory for…
Cerebral cortex
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
Frontal
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
23 terms
Cerebral disease
cerebral hemispheres, basal nuclei
olfactory bulbs, tracts, and piriform…
cruciate sulcus
somatosensory (touch)
cerebrum = ________ + ____________
The frontal lobe is defined by the ____________ and contains…
parietal lobe is responsible for ____________ information
cerebral hemispheres, basal nuclei
cerebrum = ________ + ____________
olfactory bulbs, tracts, and piriform…
18 terms
Cerebral Palsy
Definition
Classification
Spasticity:
Hypertonia:
Neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a permanent, non-progre…
-Classified by quality of muscle tone... oHypertonic/Spastic... oAt…
velocity dependent resistance to stretch; sensory initiated a…
Excessive resistance to movement arising from reflexive and n…
Definition
Neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a permanent, non-progre…
Classification
-Classified by quality of muscle tone... oHypertonic/Spastic... oAt…
10 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Central Sulcus
Information and Touch
Visual information
Hearing
Separates frontal lobe from parietal lobe
Parietal Lobe
Information and Touch
Occipital Lobe
Visual information
19 terms
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy, definition
Cerebral Palsy, Term Risk
Cerebral Palsy, Risk Factors, Intraute…
Cerebral Palsy, Risk Factors, Perinatal
- non-progressive disorder of movement and posture... - ca…
- Greatest risk at < 28 weeks
1) Maternal conditions: retardation, hypothryrodisim, fever…
1) Perinatal Asphyxia... 2) Prematurity... 3) Cerebral Dysgenesis
Cerebral Palsy, definition
- non-progressive disorder of movement and posture... - ca…
Cerebral Palsy, Term Risk
- Greatest risk at < 28 weeks
5 terms
Cerebral Circulation
Circulation
Collateralization of CC
Autoregulation of global cerebral bloo…
Control of CBF by CO2, O2 and Cushing'…
- flow occurs through a fixed volume (cranium)... - interruption…
- circle of willis
- myogenic mechanism ... - Global CBF is tightly regulated b/w M…
- cerebral circulation dilates in response to PaCO2... - Hyperve…
Circulation
- flow occurs through a fixed volume (cranium)... - interruption…
Collateralization of CC
- circle of willis
13 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Part of the brain associated with motor control, decision mak…
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual informa…
An area on each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex near the te…
Frontal Lobe
Part of the brain associated with motor control, decision mak…
Parietal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
30 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Main features of Cerebral Cortex
Divisions of the cerebral cortex
neocortex
allocortex and its subdivisions
- contains the primary areas and association cortical areas (…
A. Neocortex ... B. Allocortex( 2 subdivisions)
-6 layers ... - 95% of the cortex
- more variable ... - 3-5 layers ... A. Paleocortex - olfactory cor…
Main features of Cerebral Cortex
- contains the primary areas and association cortical areas (…
Divisions of the cerebral cortex
A. Neocortex ... B. Allocortex( 2 subdivisions)
21 terms
Cerebral Hemispheres
longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
central sulcus
precentral gyrus
What divides the frontal/parietal lobes?
longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
31 terms
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy
Is Cerebral Palsy progressive?
What is CP?
Congenital CP
-umbrella term for a brain injury (or abnormal brain developm…
CP is NOT progressive, but the issues that present themselves…
CP is caused by problems with the motor skill areas of the br…
-brain injury or abnormality during intra-uterine life... -prese…
Cerebral Palsy
-umbrella term for a brain injury (or abnormal brain developm…
Is Cerebral Palsy progressive?
CP is NOT progressive, but the issues that present themselves…
20 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral cortex
Frontal
Occipital
Temporal
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
The association areas in this lobe bring together information…
The association areas in this lobe are involved in memory for…
Cerebral cortex
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
Frontal
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
37 terms
Cerebral Arteries
Circle of Willis
Circle of Willis supplies blood to
Circle of Willis: Main Arteries
Circle of Willis: Links
Ring of 9 arteries
Cerebral Hemispheres
--Anterior Cerebral... --Internal Carotid... --Posterior Cerebral
Anterior Communicating a. (joins 2 Ant. Cerebral Arteries)... Po…
Circle of Willis
Ring of 9 arteries
Circle of Willis supplies blood to
Cerebral Hemispheres
18 terms
Cerebral Angio
Four vessel study projections
Internal Carotid Artery Projections?
ICA: AP/PA details ( angle, demonstrat…
ICA : Transorbital details ( angle, de…
1. Right internal carotid artery... 2. Right Vertebral Artery... 3.…
1. AP/PA... 2. Transorbital... 3. Lateral
15 degrees cranial, petrous ridges should superimpose orbits,…
15 degrees caudal 20 degrees SOI, optic foramina in centre of…
Four vessel study projections
1. Right internal carotid artery... 2. Right Vertebral Artery... 3.…
Internal Carotid Artery Projections?
1. AP/PA... 2. Transorbital... 3. Lateral
20 terms
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral cortex
Frontal
Occipital
Temporal
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
The association areas in this lobe bring together information…
The association areas in this lobe are involved in memory for…
Cerebral cortex
This structure is 2-5 mm thick, convoluted surface, responsib…
Frontal
The association areas in this lobe are responsible for person…
58 terms
Cerebral infection
appearance of an abscess on MR
complications of a subdural empyema
complication of a periventricular absc…
four stages of abscess evolution
1.T2 bright with hypointense rim... 2. restricts diffusion
1. Cerebritis... 2. abscess... 3. venous thrombosis... 4. ischemia... 5.…
disruption into the ventricular margin causing ventriculitis
1. early cerebritis... 2. late cerebritis... 3. early abscess... 4. la…
appearance of an abscess on MR
1.T2 bright with hypointense rim... 2. restricts diffusion
complications of a subdural empyema
1. Cerebritis... 2. abscess... 3. venous thrombosis... 4. ischemia... 5.…
10 terms
Cerebral Surface
Right Hemisphere
Left Hemisphere
Gyrus (General)
Sulcus (General)
...
Right Hemisphere
Left Hemisphere
8 terms
Cerebral Style
ostensible
ignominious
cerebral
ignominy
apparent; seemingly true but probably pretended
shameful; having fallen flat on one's face (result, defeat)
highbrow; or relating to the main part of the brain
disgrace
ostensible
apparent; seemingly true but probably pretended
ignominious
shameful; having fallen flat on one's face (result, defeat)
13 terms
Cerebral Palsy
CP
Progression of typical movement
Primary
Secondary
paralysis, spasticity, abnormal control of posture. Condition…
-difficulty maintain posture... -decrease ability of CNS to cont…
direct result of lesion in the CNS
impairment is systems or organs over time d/t effects of one…
CP
paralysis, spasticity, abnormal control of posture. Condition…
Progression of typical movement
-difficulty maintain posture... -decrease ability of CNS to cont…
10 terms
Cerebral Cortex
projection areas
contralateral control
apraxia
visual agnosia
Areas in which the brain tissue seems to form a "map" of sens…
The typical pattern in vertebrates in which movements of the…
A serious disturbance in beginning or carrying out voluntary…
The inability to recognize a visual stimulus despite the abil…
projection areas
Areas in which the brain tissue seems to form a "map" of sens…
contralateral control
The typical pattern in vertebrates in which movements of the…
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