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Study sets matching "ch 13 european history"

51 terms
European History Chapter 13
Christian Humanism
Erasmus
Thomas Moore
Indulgence
humanists in the north who focused on early christian texts
christian humanist/ author of "philosophy of christ" which st…
christian humanist/ author of Utopia which criticized both th…
pay the catholic church to forgive a sin
Christian Humanism
humanists in the north who focused on early christian texts
Erasmus
christian humanist/ author of "philosophy of christ" which st…
64 terms
Chapter 13 European History Terms
Anti-Clericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Simony
Opposition to the clergy.
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
Frequent absence from work or another place without a good ex…
Practice of selling positions in the Church
Anti-Clericalism
Opposition to the clergy.
Pluralism
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
61 terms
European History Chapter 13
Who were the Christian humanists (also…
Who was the most influential Christian…
What was Erasmus guiding principle con…
In what work did Erasmus use humor to…
A movement in Northern Europe to reform Christianity.
Erasmus (1466-1536)
That Christianity should be a guiding philosophy for daily li…
The Praise of Folly (1509).
Who were the Christian humanists (also…
A movement in Northern Europe to reform Christianity.
Who was the most influential Christian…
Erasmus (1466-1536)
58 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Renaissance
debate about women
communes
signori
a French word meaning "rebirth," first used by art historian
debate among writers and thinkers of the Renaissance about wo…
sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
government by one-man rule in Italian cities such as Milan
Renaissance
a French word meaning "rebirth," first used by art historian
debate about women
debate among writers and thinkers of the Renaissance about wo…
23 terms
European History Chapter 13
What were some of the reasons for the…
Luther on Salvation
Luther and the Printing Press
Luther and the Diet of Worms
Due to the depths of people's piety, they were highly critica…
Eventually arrived at a new understanding of Christian doctri…
"95 Theses" quickly printed; authorized to take back ideas bu…
After the papacy had condemned Luther's propositions and Luth…
What were some of the reasons for the…
Due to the depths of people's piety, they were highly critica…
Luther on Salvation
Eventually arrived at a new understanding of Christian doctri…
37 terms
AP European History Chapter 13 - European Society in the Age of the Renaissance
Renaissance - 3
signori - 5
oligarchies - 3
courts - 3
The cultural and intellectual rebirth that occurred in Europe…
despots, or one-man rulers; became big in Italy
governmental rule by mercantile aristocracies (wealthy busine…
15th century; center of political power and elite culture; al…
Renaissance - 3
The cultural and intellectual rebirth that occurred in Europe…
signori - 5
despots, or one-man rulers; became big in Italy
48 terms
European History Chapter 13
Philip II
16,000 tons of Silver
El Greco
Diego Velazquez
Believed it was his duty to defend Catholicism
Importation from Spain to America from 1550-1650
Artist who showed the deep catholic faith of Spain
Painted Spanish royalty
Philip II
Believed it was his duty to defend Catholicism
16,000 tons of Silver
Importation from Spain to America from 1550-1650
127 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
patronage
economic prosperity
Florence
mercantile families
groups or individuals hire artists to produce specific works
the basis of the Renaissance was
The Italian city where the Renaissance began, founded by Juli…
What families dominated in the politics of Italian cities?
patronage
groups or individuals hire artists to produce specific works
economic prosperity
the basis of the Renaissance was
72 terms
Chapter 13 European History
Renaissance
Patronage
Communes
Popolo
"Rebirth", first used by art historian and critic Giorgio Vas…
Financial support of writers and artists by cities groups and…
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
Disenfranchised common people in Italian cities who resented…
Renaissance
"Rebirth", first used by art historian and critic Giorgio Vas…
Patronage
Financial support of writers and artists by cities groups and…
51 terms
Ap European History Chapter 13
Christian Humanism
Erasmus
Thomas Moore
Indulgence
humanists in the north who focused on early christian texts
christian humanist/ author of "philosophy of christ" which st…
christian humanist/ author of Utopia which criticized both th…
pay the catholic church to forgive a sin
Christian Humanism
humanists in the north who focused on early christian texts
Erasmus
christian humanist/ author of "philosophy of christ" which st…
20 terms
Chapter 13.3 European History Terms
Henry VIII (r. 1509-1547)
Catherine of Aragon
Anne Boleyn
Supremacy Act (1534)
A king of England that is denied an annulment for his marriag…
First wife of Henry VIII. She was the mother of Mary I, and H…
Henry VIII mistress during the time of the English Reformatio…
Henry VIII of England declared that he was independent from t…
Henry VIII (r. 1509-1547)
A king of England that is denied an annulment for his marriag…
Catherine of Aragon
First wife of Henry VIII. She was the mother of Mary I, and H…
30 terms
World History- Chapter 13- European Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Franks
Clovis
Gregory I
the era that came after the decline of the Roman Empire, or t…
Germanic people that held power in Gaul
Ruled the Franks, brought Christianity to the region, prayed…
became the pope in 590
Middle Ages
the era that came after the decline of the Roman Empire, or t…
Franks
Germanic people that held power in Gaul
64 terms
AP European History Chapter 13- Political Centralization
Constitutionalism
gentry
House of Commons
Stuart Dynasty
Limitations on the power of government due to laws or a const…
Wealthy landowners in the countryside who ... dominated politics…
England's lower house in Parliament.
After Queen Elizabeth Tudor's death in 1603, the Stuart Line…
Constitutionalism
Limitations on the power of government due to laws or a const…
gentry
Wealthy landowners in the countryside who ... dominated politics…
75 terms
European History Chapter 13: European State Consolidation
The concept of absolute monarchy was j…
___ was nicknamed the Sun King because…
Starting in the early 17th century pow…
The ___ gained independence from Spain…
The Leviathan ... Thomas Hobbes
Louis XIV
Great Britain... France... Austria... Prussia... Russia
United Provinces of the Netherlands
The concept of absolute monarchy was j…
The Leviathan ... Thomas Hobbes
___ was nicknamed the Sun King because…
Louis XIV
9 terms
Chapter 13.4 European History Terms
Counter-Reformation
Pope Paul III (1534-1549)
Holy Office/Inquisition
Index of Prohibited Books
A time when the Catholic church banned books and used its cou…
Most important pope in reforming the Church and challenging P…
Used to stop heresy; if accused of heresy, one must publicly…
A weapon of the Counter-Reformation of the Catholic Church; t…
Counter-Reformation
A time when the Catholic church banned books and used its cou…
Pope Paul III (1534-1549)
Most important pope in reforming the Church and challenging P…
17 terms
Chapter 13.1 European History Terms
Anti-Clericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Simony
Opposition to the clergy.
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
Frequent absence from work or another place without a good ex…
Practice of selling positions in the Church
Anti-Clericalism
Opposition to the clergy.
Pluralism
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
15 terms
Chapter 13.5 European History Terms
Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559)
Habsburg-Valois Wars
French-Religious Wars (1559-1598)
Concordat of Bologna
The Treaty signed by the French Valois and the Spanish Habsbu…
A series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 between the leading E…
A period of civil infighting and military operations, primari…
King Francis I and Pope Leo X reached an agreement that appro…
Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559)
The Treaty signed by the French Valois and the Spanish Habsbu…
Habsburg-Valois Wars
A series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 between the leading E…
76 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Renaissance
Burckhardt
Hanseatic League
Medici
literally meaining rebirth, this era saw a revival of antiqui…
creator of the modern concept of the Renaissance in his book,…
group of merchant cities from Germany who had numerous monopo…
greatest banking family in Europe who ruled in Florence, Italy
Renaissance
literally meaining rebirth, this era saw a revival of antiqui…
Burckhardt
creator of the modern concept of the Renaissance in his book,…
European History Chapter 13
The northern Christian humanists
The author of Utopia, a satire on Euro…
In his "philosophy of Christ," Erasmus…
The religious reformer who "laid the e…
championed the study of classical and early Christian texts t…
Thomas More
inner piety
Desiderius Erasmus
The northern Christian humanists
championed the study of classical and early Christian texts t…
The author of Utopia, a satire on Euro…
Thomas More
15 terms
European History Chapter 13
Anabaptist
Erasmus
French Wars of Religion and the Dutch…
Edict of Nantes
Protestant sectarian of a radical movement arising in the 16t…
A man who wrote the New Testament in Greek and Latin
Civil war of France when two of the religions fought for powe…
When Henry 4th allowed you to be both gigabit and catholic in…
Anabaptist
Protestant sectarian of a radical movement arising in the 16t…
Erasmus
A man who wrote the New Testament in Greek and Latin
55 terms
European History Chapter 13
Christian Humanism
Erasmus
Thomas a Kempis
Martin Luther
The reform of Christendom. Classical learning of the Italian…
A dutch scholar, christian renaissance humanist that emphasiz…
Author of "Imitation of Christ". He believed in salvation thr…
A German professor of theology, composer, priest, former monk…
Christian Humanism
The reform of Christendom. Classical learning of the Italian…
Erasmus
A dutch scholar, christian renaissance humanist that emphasiz…
92 terms
Ap European History Chapter 13
James I
A Trew Law of Free Monarchies
Impositions
Tonnage and poundage
the first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603…
book written by James I of England in which he strongly advoc…
taxes passed by James I based on past customs duties known as…
These were taxes on transactions, like today's sales taxes, l…
James I
the first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603…
A Trew Law of Free Monarchies
book written by James I of England in which he strongly advoc…
16 terms
Chapter 13 Early European History Vocabulary
City-State
Golden Age
Hellenistic
Republic
A political unit made up of a city and the surrounding lands.
A period of in a society's history marked by great achievement.
Greek-like.
A type of government in which people elect leaders to make la…
City-State
A political unit made up of a city and the surrounding lands.
Golden Age
A period of in a society's history marked by great achievement.
AP European History chapter 13
Communes
Court of Star Chamber
Gabelle
Hermandades
associations of men in Italian cities such as ... Milan, Florenc…
a division of the English royal council, a court that used Ro…
French tax on salt; taille-French tax on land.
popular groups in Spanish towns given royal authority to serv…
Communes
associations of men in Italian cities such as ... Milan, Florenc…
Court of Star Chamber
a division of the English royal council, a court that used Ro…
11 terms
European History Terms Chapter 13
Great Chain of Being
Royal Absolutism
Fronde
Classical Style
Asserts that every existing thing in the universe had its "pl…
A monarchical form of government in which the monarch has abs…
A series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occur…
The artistic style of ancient Greek art with its emphasis on…
Great Chain of Being
Asserts that every existing thing in the universe had its "pl…
Royal Absolutism
A monarchical form of government in which the monarch has abs…
21 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13
Stadholder
Political absolutism
Parliamentary monarchy
Puritans
Hereditary chief executive
...
...
English Protestants who sought to "purify" the Church of Engl…
Stadholder
Hereditary chief executive
Political absolutism
...
42 terms
European History -- Chapter 13 Review
Constantinople
Emperor Justinian
Vandals
Ostrogoths
Capital city of the Byzantine Empire founded by Emperor Const…
The greatest Byzantine Emperor. He wished to return to the Gl…
Group that controlled the Eastern Mediterranean & Northern Af…
Group that controlled the Italian Peninsula and lost it to th…
Constantinople
Capital city of the Byzantine Empire founded by Emperor Const…
Emperor Justinian
The greatest Byzantine Emperor. He wished to return to the Gl…
20 terms
Modern European History Chapter 13
Pierre Corneille (1606-1684)
Moliere (1622-1673)
Madame de Sevigne (1626-1696)
John Milton (1608-1700)
French author who reflected the style of clacissism and found…
French author, also known as Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. He wrote…
French writer who wrote more than 1500 letters describing Par…
English Puritan poet who is considered England's greatest lit…
Pierre Corneille (1606-1684)
French author who reflected the style of clacissism and found…
Moliere (1622-1673)
French author, also known as Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. He wrote…
20 terms
Chapter 13 European History People
William III of Orange
Peter the Great
Jacques Bossuet
Frederick William I
Acquired the throne of England through leading an army into E…
Tsar of Russia; Develops 300,000 man army and small navy; est…
Philosopher and principle advocate of "divine right of kings"…
Soldier King (Prussia) increased army to 80,000
William III of Orange
Acquired the throne of England through leading an army into E…
Peter the Great
Tsar of Russia; Develops 300,000 man army and small navy; est…
89 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13 (Reformations and Religious Wars (1500-1600))
Anticlericalism
Clerical immorality
Clerical ignorance
Clerical pluralism
Opposition to church leaders for their alleged influence in p…
Many priests had concubines and reports of neglect of the rul…
Many priests could barely read and write but clerical educati…
The practice of holding more than one church office at a time.
Anticlericalism
Opposition to church leaders for their alleged influence in p…
Clerical immorality
Many priests had concubines and reports of neglect of the rul…
13 terms
AP European History (Chapter 13)
Protestant Reformation
Christian Humanists
Erasmus
Martin Luther
...
...
...
...
Protestant Reformation
...
Christian Humanists
...
48 terms
European History Chapter 13
Championed study of classical and earl…
The author of _________________, a sat…
What did Erasmus emphasize in his "phi…
Religious reformer who "laid the egg t…
Northern Christian humanists
"Philosophy of Christ", Desiderius Erasmus
Promoted inner piety
Desiderius Erasmus
Championed study of classical and earl…
Northern Christian humanists
The author of _________________, a sat…
"Philosophy of Christ", Desiderius Erasmus
71 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13
Protestantism occurred first in...
The founder of Protestantism is...
The Diet of Worms is...
Great Schism is...
Cities of Germany and Switzerland
Martin Luther
When Luther meets with Chruch to talk about Luther to stop sp…
When papacy moved from Rome to France over conflict of new po…
Protestantism occurred first in...
Cities of Germany and Switzerland
The founder of Protestantism is...
Martin Luther
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Christian Humanism
Desiderius Eramus; The Praise of Folly
Thomas More's Utopia
Pluralism
A branch of humanism associated with northern Europe. Like th…
an essay written by Erasmus that uses satire to point out cor…
example of a perfect society More wrote it to criticize norma…
church officials took over more than one church office.
Christian Humanism
A branch of humanism associated with northern Europe. Like th…
Desiderius Eramus; The Praise of Folly
an essay written by Erasmus that uses satire to point out cor…
21 terms
World History Chapter 13: European Middle Ages
middle ages
franks
monastery
secular
The era in European history that followed the fall of the Rom…
Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (ro…
A religious community of men (called monks) who have given up…
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
middle ages
The era in European history that followed the fall of the Rom…
franks
Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (ro…
AP European History: Chapter 13
Anti-clericalism
What problems did anti-clericalism pri…
Martin Luther
Charles V
Opposition to the clergy
1. Clerical immorality... 2. Clerical ignorance... 3. Clerical plur…
He called into question some of the basic tenets of Roman Cat…
Who did NOT support Luther and tried to suppress the Lutheran…
Anti-clericalism
Opposition to the clergy
What problems did anti-clericalism pri…
1. Clerical immorality... 2. Clerical ignorance... 3. Clerical plur…
30 terms
Chapter 13 European History
What was the capital of the Eastern Ro…
Who moved the Roman capital to Constan…
Who was the emperor in 527-565 who tri…
Who named Justinian emperor in 527?
Constantinople
Constantine
Justinian
The Senate
What was the capital of the Eastern Ro…
Constantinople
Who moved the Roman capital to Constan…
Constantine
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13
Communes
Court of Star Chamber
Gabelle
Hermandades
Associations of men in Italian cities such as Milan, Genoa, a…
A division of the English royal council, a court that used Ro…
French tax on salt; taille-French tax on land
Popular groups in Spanish towns given royal authority to serv…
Communes
Associations of men in Italian cities such as Milan, Genoa, a…
Court of Star Chamber
A division of the English royal council, a court that used Ro…
12 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Christian (northern) humanism
Huguenots
indulgence
justification by faith
an intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late fifte…
French Calvinists.
the remission of part or all of the temporal punishment in pu…
the primary doctrine of the Protestant Reformation; taught th…
Christian (northern) humanism
an intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late fifte…
Huguenots
French Calvinists.
40 terms
AP European History - Chapter 13 Review
What main factor accelerated the emerg…
What was the function of the balance o…
Main reason for outsiders invasion of…
Place of origin of the Renaissance-why?
Economic growth developed in Italy because it was a natural c…
They were never united which would eventually be a problem bu…
They were not united as a country so people saw them as weak,…
Italy, it was a natural crossroad of ideas and since it had s…
What main factor accelerated the emerg…
Economic growth developed in Italy because it was a natural c…
What was the function of the balance o…
They were never united which would eventually be a problem bu…
59 terms
AP European History Chapter 13 Key Terms
British Industrial Dominance
Markets of South America are opened to…
Population and Migration
Migration Freedom in Different Countries
- Industrial revolution begins in Great Britain with advances…
- Latin American Wars of Independence
- As industrialization spreads, population of Europe continue…
- In France, England, and low countries, people in countrysid…
British Industrial Dominance
- Industrial revolution begins in Great Britain with advances…
Markets of South America are opened to…
- Latin American Wars of Independence
19 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Huguenots
Henry II
Catherine de Medici
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Converts or adherents to Calvinism in France, including many…
Monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France fr…
(1547-1589) The wife of Henry II (1547-1559) of France, who e…
August 24, 1572 rioters killed 3,000 Protestants in one night…
Huguenots
Converts or adherents to Calvinism in France, including many…
Henry II
Monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France fr…
113 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13
Rembrandt
(Albrecht) Durer
Christian Humanism
(Desiderius) Erasmus
- German etcher ... - very detailed work ... - "Night Watch" ... - Nor…
- Northern Renaissance artist ... - mastered perspective and pro…
- being a good person to benefit society ... - reform Christiani…
- most influential Christian Humanist ... - "laid the egg that L…
Rembrandt
- German etcher ... - very detailed work ... - "Night Watch" ... - Nor…
(Albrecht) Durer
- Northern Renaissance artist ... - mastered perspective and pro…
64 terms
Chapter 13 European History Terms
Anti-Clericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Simony
Opposition to the clergy.
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
Frequent absence from work or another place without a good ex…
Practice of selling positions in the Church
Anti-Clericalism
Opposition to the clergy.
Pluralism
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
20 terms
Ap European History Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Militarism
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Central Powers
a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing…
a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ita…
a military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia…
in World War I, the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, a…
Militarism
a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing…
Triple Alliance
a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ita…
40 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
Examples of New Monarchs
What was the main difference between t…
What is another name for Northern Huma…
Who was the most famous grandson of Fe…
France: Louis XI and Francois I... Spain: Ferdinand and Isabella…
North= more religious... South= more secular (think S=S)
Christian Humanists
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Examples of New Monarchs
France: Louis XI and Francois I... Spain: Ferdinand and Isabella…
What was the main difference between t…
North= more religious... South= more secular (think S=S)
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 13 - Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century
Christian (northern) Renaissance Human…
Pluralism
Confession
Justification
An intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late fifte…
The practice of holding several church offices simultaneously…
One of the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church; it provid…
The primary doctrine of the Protestant Reformation, teaching…
Christian (northern) Renaissance Human…
An intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late fifte…
Pluralism
The practice of holding several church offices simultaneously…
40 terms
AP European History Chapter 13
What main factor accelerated the emerg…
What was the function of the balance o…
Main reason for outsiders invasion of…
Place of origin of the Renaissance-why?
Economic growth developed in Italy because it was a natural c…
They were never united which would eventually be a problem bu…
They were not united as a country so people saw them as weak,…
Italy, it was a natural crossroad of ideas and since it had s…
What main factor accelerated the emerg…
Economic growth developed in Italy because it was a natural c…
What was the function of the balance o…
They were never united which would eventually be a problem bu…
39 terms
AP European History: Chapter 13
Christian humanism
Erasmus
"In Praise of Folly"
Thomas More
Northern renaissance humanism, different from Italian humanis…
Symbol of Christian humanist movement who advocated for churc…
Satire by Erasmus, criticized folly who was personified of a…
"Christian conscience" of his age, wrote "Utopia". Executed b…
Christian humanism
Northern renaissance humanism, different from Italian humanis…
Erasmus
Symbol of Christian humanist movement who advocated for churc…
61 terms
AP European History : Chapter 13 Important Terms
Italian Renaissance
City-States
Republic Of Florence
Medici family
The Italian Renaissance was the earliest manifestation of the…
A city-state is a sovereign state consisting of a city and it…
The Republic of Florence, or the Florentine Republic, was a s…
The Medici Family was an Italian banking family, political dy…
Italian Renaissance
The Italian Renaissance was the earliest manifestation of the…
City-States
A city-state is a sovereign state consisting of a city and it…
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