Study sets matching "ch 13 physiology human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "ch 13 physiology human anatomy"

83 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
PNS
Mechanoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
All neural structures outside the brain and spinal cord. Incl…
Respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch.
Sensitive to changes in temperature.
Respond to light energy.
PNS
All neural structures outside the brain and spinal cord. Incl…
Mechanoreceptors
Respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch.
26 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Cervical and Lumbar Enlargements
Gray Matter
White matter
Meninges
house cell bodies of sensory and motor neurons serving the li…
cell bodies and non-myelinated axons form nuclei (clusters of…
myelinated axons from columns
pia mater, arachnoid mater, dura mater
Cervical and Lumbar Enlargements
house cell bodies of sensory and motor neurons serving the li…
Gray Matter
cell bodies and non-myelinated axons form nuclei (clusters of…
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Which of these is not one of the main…
Which of the following lies between th…
The floor of the diencephalon is forme…
Sensory information is processed and r…
Prosencephalon
Diencephalon
Hypothalamus
Thalamus
Which of these is not one of the main…
Prosencephalon
Which of the following lies between th…
Diencephalon
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
T or F:... The cerebellum and basal nucle…
If the ventral root of a spinal nerve…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
accessory
True
a complete loss of voluntary movement
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
accessory
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Cervical and Lumbar Enlargements
Gray Matter
White matter
Meninges
house cell bodies of sensory and motor neurons serving the li…
cell bodies and non-myelinated axons form nuclei (clusters of…
myelinated axons from columns
pia mater, arachnoid mater, dura mater
Cervical and Lumbar Enlargements
house cell bodies of sensory and motor neurons serving the li…
Gray Matter
cell bodies and non-myelinated axons form nuclei (clusters of…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
T or F:... The cerebellum and basal nucle…
If the ventral root of a spinal nerve…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
accessory
True
a complete loss of voluntary movement
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
accessory
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Cervical enlargement
Lumbar enlargement
Conus Medullaris
Filum Terminale
nerves of upper limb arise
nerves of lower limb arise
tapering end of spinal cord
connective tissue anchoring spinal cord to coccyx
Cervical enlargement
nerves of upper limb arise
Lumbar enlargement
nerves of lower limb arise
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
T or F:... The cerebellum and basal nucle…
If the ventral root of a spinal nerve…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
accessory
True
a complete loss of voluntary movement
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
accessory
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
T or F:... The cerebellum and basal nucle…
If the ventral root of a spinal nerve…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
accessory
True
a complete loss of voluntary movement
Nerves that only carry impulses away f…
motor nerves... Nerves that only carry impulses away from the CN…
The cranial nerve with a dual origin (…
accessory
45 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
what are the 5 steps in a neural reflex?
what are the four classifications of r…
Innate reflexes
Acquired reflexes
Step 1: Arrival of stimulus, activation of receptor... Physical…
By early development... By type of motor response... By complexity…
Basic neural reflexes... Formed before birth... ~ Suckling, blinking
Rapid, automatic... Learned motor patterns... ~ Braking response d…
what are the 5 steps in a neural reflex?
Step 1: Arrival of stimulus, activation of receptor... Physical…
what are the four classifications of r…
By early development... By type of motor response... By complexity…
23 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 13
What are the functions of the spinal c…
What are the two types of neural tissue?
Describe gray matter
Describe white matter
- Transfer information to/from the brain... - Some decision-maki…
Gray & White Matter
- Nuclei containing neuron cell bodies, dendrites, nonmyelina…
- Tracts of myelinated axons... - Transport of information to/fr…
What are the functions of the spinal c…
- Transfer information to/from the brain... - Some decision-maki…
What are the two types of neural tissue?
Gray & White Matter
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Brain
Four hemispheres of the brain
Ventricles
Cerebrospinal fluid
Divided into four hemispheres
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum
Spaces in the brain
Similar to plasma, in ventricles
Brain
Divided into four hemispheres
Four hemispheres of the brain
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum
150 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology 1: Chapter 13 Vocab
Functions of the Spinal Cord (4)
Simple repetitive muscle contractions…
Spinal cord
The longitudinal groove of the anterio…
1. CONDUCTION- it contains bundles of nerve fibers that condu…
entral pattern generators
-A cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem…
anterior median fissure
Functions of the Spinal Cord (4)
1. CONDUCTION- it contains bundles of nerve fibers that condu…
Simple repetitive muscle contractions…
entral pattern generators
47 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 13
Sensory Receptors
Mechanoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
are specialized to responds to changes in their environment (…
respond to mechanical force such as touch, pressure (includin…
respond to temperature changes
such as those of the retina of the eye, respond to light
Sensory Receptors
are specialized to responds to changes in their environment (…
Mechanoreceptors
respond to mechanical force such as touch, pressure (includin…
37 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 Study Guide Cardiovascular System
Pericardium
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Covers outer surface of heart
Layer of the heart wall composed of cardiac muscle
Inner layer of the heart; Membrane that lines the inner surfa…
Pericardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Epicardium
Covers outer surface of heart
Chapter 13 & 14 Marieb Human anatomy & Physiology
cephalization
Major regions of the adult brain:
Name and locate the ventricles of the…
white matter
- Evolutionary development of rostral (anterior) portion of C…
1. cerebral hemispheres... 2. diencephalon (hypothalamus, epitha…
- two paired C-shaped lateral ventricles in cerebral hemisphe…
myelinated axons ... - CNS: nerve tracts... - PNS: nerves
cephalization
- Evolutionary development of rostral (anterior) portion of C…
Major regions of the adult brain:
1. cerebral hemispheres... 2. diencephalon (hypothalamus, epitha…
69 terms
Human Physiology - Chapter 13
cardiovascular system
lymphatic system
interstitial fluid
lymph
consists of heart and blood vessels
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues within spleen, thymus,…
tissue fluid or fluid derived from plasma that leaves capilla…
fluid in lymphatic vessels ... referred to lymph once it enters…
cardiovascular system
consists of heart and blood vessels
lymphatic system
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues within spleen, thymus,…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 Review
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (efferent)
SOMATIC (VOLUNTARY)
Classify receptors by stimulus type: M…
•Conveys nervous impulses from periphery to CNS... •Cells are ve…
Conveys nervous impulses from CNS to periphery... -Somatic (volu…
•Travel from CNS to skeletal muscle with no synapse... •When rea…
respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch
Sensory (afferent)
•Conveys nervous impulses from periphery to CNS... •Cells are ve…
Motor (efferent)
Conveys nervous impulses from CNS to periphery... -Somatic (volu…
54 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 13
extereoreceptor
interoreceptors
proprioceptors
thermoreceptors
receptor recieves info from external receptors (eyes, ears)
recieves info from internal organs
responds o pressure, touch, gravity
detects changes in temperature
extereoreceptor
receptor recieves info from external receptors (eyes, ears)
interoreceptors
recieves info from internal organs
Human Physiology - Chapter 13
Cardiovascular System
Capillaries
Veins
Arteries
Composed of heart, blood vessels, and blood. One way circuit…
microscopic vessels where blood exchanges materials with inte…
Blood vessels that carry blood BACK the heart.
Blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart.
Cardiovascular System
Composed of heart, blood vessels, and blood. One way circuit…
Capillaries
microscopic vessels where blood exchanges materials with inte…
19 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Immune System
Inflammation
Antibodies
Antibiotics
Acquired Immunity
The swelling of tissue.
Special proteins made by B cells that lock onto foreign antig…
Medicines made from chemicals.
Immunity that occurs when your immune system is exposed to, a…
Inflammation
The swelling of tissue.
Antibodies
Special proteins made by B cells that lock onto foreign antig…
10 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 13 Terminology- Respiratory Anatomy
5 functions
Nasal Cavity
Nasopharynx
Oropharynx
1. gas exchange... 2. regulates blood pH... 3. voice production... 4.…
mostly cartilage... divided in half by septum
back of nasal cavity
back of oral cavity
5 functions
1. gas exchange... 2. regulates blood pH... 3. voice production... 4.…
Nasal Cavity
mostly cartilage... divided in half by septum
22 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 13
Glottis
Hard and the soft palate
Cilia
12-18 per minute
What is the opening between the vocal cords
The nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by
Move substance toward the throat to be swallowed
Respiratory rate in adult
Glottis
What is the opening between the vocal cords
Hard and the soft palate
The nasal cavity is separated from the oral cavity by
5 terms
Chapter 13 Human Physiology
How can neural reflexes be classified?…
Describe the structure of muscle spind…
Explain how muscle spindles function.…
How are reflex movements executed? (Me…
By the efferent division of the nervous system that controls…
Each muscle spindle consists of a connective tissue capsule t…
When a muscle is at its resting length, the central region of…
Reflex movements do not require input from the cerebral corte…
How can neural reflexes be classified?…
By the efferent division of the nervous system that controls…
Describe the structure of muscle spind…
Each muscle spindle consists of a connective tissue capsule t…
43 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 - Sensory Receptors and Processing
What is the PNS consisted of?
Sensory receptors
Sensation
Perception
Cranial nerves... Spinal nerves... Ganglia
Specialized to respond to changes in the environment (stimuli…
Awareness of changes in the internal and external environment…
Interpretation of the meaning of a stimulus
What is the PNS consisted of?
Cranial nerves... Spinal nerves... Ganglia
Sensory receptors
Specialized to respond to changes in the environment (stimuli…
90 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Reflex Circuits
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
White Matter in the spinal cord:
What is the spinal cord a continuation…
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
contains major sensory and motor tracts to and from brain
Medulla Oblongata
Reflex Circuits
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
spinal meninges
layers of the spinal meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
tough collagenous membrane surrounded by epidural space fille…
layer of simple squamous epithelium lining dura mater and loo…
spinal meninges
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
layers of the spinal meninges
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Receptors
Classification of receptors is based on:
Mechanoreceptors
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
Stimulus type, Location, and Structural complexity
respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Sensory Receptors
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
118 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 13
spinal cord
four principle functions of the spinal…
central pattern generators
spinal cord is divided into these regi…
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
simple, repetitive muscle contractions that put one foot in f…
- cervical... - thoracic... - lumbar... - sacral
spinal cord
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
four principle functions of the spinal…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Conduction
Neural integration
Locomotion
Reflexes
nerve fibers conduct sensory and motor information up and dow…
spinal neurons receive input from multiple sources, integrate…
spinal cord contains central pattern generators: groups of ne…
involuntary responses to stimuli that are vital to posture, c…
Conduction
nerve fibers conduct sensory and motor information up and dow…
Neural integration
spinal neurons receive input from multiple sources, integrate…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 13
Lymphatic System
Pathogens
Bacteria
Disease
The system that protects your body from foreign invaders
Harmful germs
One-celled organisms that can multiply quickly
Something that upsets the natural working of a body
Lymphatic System
The system that protects your body from foreign invaders
Pathogens
Harmful germs
Human Physiology - Chapter 13
cardiovascular system
lymphatic system
interstitial fluid
lymph
consists of heart and blood vessels
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues within spleen, thymus,…
tissue fluid or fluid derived from plasma that leaves capilla…
fluid in lymphatic vessels ... referred to lymph once it enters…
cardiovascular system
consists of heart and blood vessels
lymphatic system
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues within spleen, thymus,…
78 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 13
Brain + spinal cord =
Four major regions
folds of the outer surface are called
shallow depressions between gyri are c…
CNS
-cerebrum ... -diencephalon... -brainstem ... -cerebellum
gyri
sulci
Brain + spinal cord =
CNS
Four major regions
-cerebrum ... -diencephalon... -brainstem ... -cerebellum
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
__________ are receptors that can resp…
Pressure, pain, and temperature recept…
Potentially damaging stimuli that resu…
Which receptors adapt most slowly?... A)…
mechanocreceptors
B) exteroceptors
C) nociceptors
C) nociceptors
__________ are receptors that can resp…
mechanocreceptors
Pressure, pain, and temperature recept…
B) exteroceptors
85 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 13
components of CNS
functions of the brain
nucleus
nerve tracts
brain and spinal cord
provides interpretation and integration of sensation, conscio…
nerve cell bodies within CNS "gray matter"
bundle of parallel axons within CNS "white matter"
components of CNS
brain and spinal cord
functions of the brain
provides interpretation and integration of sensation, conscio…
Human Physiology Chapter 13
Arthur Cushney
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
mechanisms of kidney secretion and filtration
produce urine
transfer urine to bladder
stores urine
Arthur Cushney
mechanisms of kidney secretion and filtration
kidneys
produce urine
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
brain
parts of the brain
brainstem
cerebellum
part of CNS contained in cranial cavity; control center for m…
brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, and cerebrum
connects spinal cord to brain; integration of reflexes necess…
involved in control of locomotion, balance, and posture
brain
part of CNS contained in cranial cavity; control center for m…
parts of the brain
brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, and cerebrum
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13
Neural structures outside the CNS
Sensory Receptors
Sensation and perception occur where?
sensation
sensory receptors, peripheral nerves and assoicated ganglia;…
specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
The brain
awareness of a stimulus in the internal and external environm…
Neural structures outside the CNS
sensory receptors, peripheral nerves and assoicated ganglia;…
Sensory Receptors
specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
52 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology 1: Chapter 13 Lecture
How many spinal nerves are there?
Is the dorsal rami sensory or motor?
Is the ventral root sensory or motor?
tracts are within the...
31
sensory
motor
spinal cord
How many spinal nerves are there?
31
Is the dorsal rami sensory or motor?
sensory
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13
True/False: The spinal cord is as long…
Conus medullaris
What is the longitudinal groove that i…
What are the two enlargements on the s…
False
The region where the spinal cord becomes tapered and conical
Posterior median sulcus
Cervical enlargement and lumbar enlargement
True/False: The spinal cord is as long…
False
Conus medullaris
The region where the spinal cord becomes tapered and conical
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
epicardium
myocardium
endocardium
pericardium
visceral portion of pericardium on surface of the heart
muscle tissue of the heart
inner lining of heart chambers
encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
epicardium
visceral portion of pericardium on surface of the heart
myocardium
muscle tissue of the heart
90 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Reflex Circuits
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
White Matter in the spinal cord:
What is the spinal cord a continuation…
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
contains major sensory and motor tracts to and from brain
Medulla Oblongata
Reflex Circuits
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
38 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 - Reflex Activity
Inborn (intrinsic) reflex
Learned (acquired) reflexes
What are the components of the reflex…
What do somatic reflexes activate?
rapid, involuntary, predictable motor response to a stimulus…
Result from practice or repetition... Example: driving skills
Receptor... Sensory neuron... Integration center... Motor neuron... Effec…
Activate skeletal muscle
Inborn (intrinsic) reflex
rapid, involuntary, predictable motor response to a stimulus…
Learned (acquired) reflexes
Result from practice or repetition... Example: driving skills
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
meninges
the vertebral foramina; housed is the…
Dura mater, Arachnoid mater, Pia mater
epidural space
Protective connective tissue covering that encircles the spin…
What structure of the vertebrae form the vertebral canal? Wha…
Three layers of meninges from outermost to innermost?
What is the space between the dura mater and the vertebral wa…
meninges
Protective connective tissue covering that encircles the spin…
the vertebral foramina; housed is the…
What structure of the vertebrae form the vertebral canal? Wha…
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 13
Circulatory System
Transportation
Regulation
Protection
Functions... -Transportation... -Regulation... -Protection
respiration, nutritive, excretory
hormonal and temperature
clotting and immune response
Circulatory System
Functions... -Transportation... -Regulation... -Protection
Transportation
respiration, nutritive, excretory
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Spinal Cord-
Spinal cord extends from ___________ _…
Protection Structure
1. Process reflexes (gray matter)... 2. Integrate EPSPs IPSPs (g…
-Continuation of medusa oblongata
Foramen magnum; conus modulars (L1-l2)
Oval in shape; slightly flattened anteriorly and posteriorly
Functions of the Spinal Cord
1. Process reflexes (gray matter)... 2. Integrate EPSPs IPSPs (g…
Spinal Cord-
-Continuation of medusa oblongata
29 terms
Apologia Anatomy and physiology chapter 13
Lymphatic system
Pathogens
Localized infection
Systemic infection
Protects from invaders and gives you immunity to many infecti…
Harmful germs enter your body and multiply and then you have…
Only infects a small area such as a splinter in your foot
Infection that spreads throughout your body that affects many…
Lymphatic system
Protects from invaders and gives you immunity to many infecti…
Pathogens
Harmful germs enter your body and multiply and then you have…
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13
White Matter
Gray Matter
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
myelinated , long distance communication... Posterior white colu…
not myelinated, neuron cell bodies, dendrites, integration ar…
receiving input from the environment. afferent
carrying info from CNS to effectors. efferent
White Matter
myelinated , long distance communication... Posterior white colu…
Gray Matter
not myelinated, neuron cell bodies, dendrites, integration ar…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Allergen
Antibody
Antigen
Complement
A foreign substance that stimulates an allergic reaction
A protein produced by plasma cells in response to a specific…
A foreign substance capable of stimulating the production of…
A group of plasma proteins that destroy pathogens
Allergen
A foreign substance that stimulates an allergic reaction
Antibody
A protein produced by plasma cells in response to a specific…
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