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Study sets matching "ch 17 anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "ch 17 anatomy physiology"

127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
What are the two layers of the olfacto…
Olfactory receptive cells, supporting…
Areolar tissue, numbers blood vessels,…
What are the two types of molecules th…
Olfactory epithelium and lamina propria
Olfactory epithelium
Lamina propria
Water soluble and lipid soluble
What are the two layers of the olfacto…
Olfactory epithelium and lamina propria
Olfactory receptive cells, supporting…
Olfactory epithelium
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
Conjunctiva
Lacrimal Gland Ducts
Iris
Ciliary Body
Lines inner eyelid, covers sclera (white of eye).
Between cornea and lens, with central pupil. Consists of mela…
Extension of choroid, consists of: ... - Ciliary muscles... - Cilia…
Conjunctiva
Lines inner eyelid, covers sclera (white of eye).
Lacrimal Gland Ducts
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
balance
outer
balance
sound waves
The ear generates hearing and _____ sensations.
The ear consists of regions, the _____ ear, middle ear, and i…
The outer, middle, and inner ear contribute to hearing, the i…
In hearing, the external ear and its contours direct _____ to…
balance
The ear generates hearing and _____ sensations.
outer
The ear consists of regions, the _____ ear, middle ear, and i…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
What are the two layers of the olfacto…
Olfactory receptive cells, supporting…
Areolar tissue, numbers blood vessels,…
What are the two types of molecules th…
Olfactory epithelium and lamina propria
Olfactory epithelium
Lamina propria
Water soluble and lipid soluble
What are the two layers of the olfacto…
Olfactory epithelium and lamina propria
Olfactory receptive cells, supporting…
Olfactory epithelium
154 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Chapter 17
avenues of communication (cell to cell)
gap junctions
neurotransmitters
paracrines
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, & hormones
join single-unit smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial, a…
released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft,…
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
avenues of communication (cell to cell)
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, & hormones
gap junctions
join single-unit smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial, a…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
Hormones
Endocrine system
Name several organs of the endocrine s…
Exocrine glands
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
Pineal gland... Hypothalamus ... Pituitary gland... Thyroid gland... Thym…
-Have ducts; carry secretion to an epithelial surface or the…
Hormones
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Endocrine system
glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
82 terms
Chapter 17 - Anatomy and Physiology
Uterus
Uterus
Uterine body
*uterine body or corpus
a muscular, hollow, pear-shaped organ that is about 8 centime…
can be divided into two anatomical regions: the body and the…
also known as the corpus
the larger (upper) portion
Uterus
a muscular, hollow, pear-shaped organ that is about 8 centime…
Uterus
can be divided into two anatomical regions: the body and the…
95 terms
Anatomy And Physiology 2 Chapter 17
Functions of the Blood
Transport Functions
Regulation Functions
Protection Functions
-Transport... -Regulation... -Protection
-Delivering O2 and nutrients to body cells... -Transporting meta…
-Maintaining body temperature by absorbing and distributing h…
-Preventing blood loss... ---Plasma proteins and platelets in bl…
Functions of the Blood
-Transport... -Regulation... -Protection
Transport Functions
-Delivering O2 and nutrients to body cells... -Transporting meta…
87 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
The inner lining of the heart.
Heart muscle.
Serous layer covering the heart muscle
The outermost layer of the serous peri…
Endocardium
Myocardium
Epicardium
Parietal layer
The inner lining of the heart.
Endocardium
Heart muscle.
Myocardium
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 17
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands lack _______
Where are the contents (hormones) are…
Nervous System vs. Endocrine System:... W…
composed of glands that synthesize and secrete chemical messe…
ducts
into the bloodstream where they act on targets to elicit some…
NS: release chemical substances (nt's) in response to stimuli…
Endocrine system
composed of glands that synthesize and secrete chemical messe…
Endocrine glands lack _______
ducts
21 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system, Human anatomy&Physiology
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
The major Endocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, fat tissuem…
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
70 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17 review
Cellular reproduction
Eukaryotic cell
Mitosis
Zygote
(Cell division) cell dides into 2 in reproduction
Make up human body. DNA bundled in packages. 46 chromosomes
Only way Eukaryotic cell can produce asexually
Fertilized egg. 46 chromosomes
Cellular reproduction
(Cell division) cell dides into 2 in reproduction
Eukaryotic cell
Make up human body. DNA bundled in packages. 46 chromosomes
170 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
Olfaction
Olfactory organs
Olfactory receptors
Basal cells... Olfaction
Sense of smell
Paired; located in the nasal cavity on either side of the nas…
Dendrites of neurons found in olfactory epithelium; the knob…
Regenerative stem cells that replace receptor cells (smell &…
Olfaction
Sense of smell
Olfactory organs
Paired; located in the nasal cavity on either side of the nas…
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17 terms
Amenorrhea
Bulbouretheal
Cervix
Corpus luteum
Absence or lack of menstruation
Pea sized glands inferior to prostrate
Valve like portion of uterus protrudes into vagina
Structure secretes progesterone continues if an egg is fertil…
Amenorrhea
Absence or lack of menstruation
Bulbouretheal
Pea sized glands inferior to prostrate
45 terms
Chapter 17 Anatomy & Physiology
Where are olfactory receptors found?
Where are the receptors that actually…
____ cells provide physical support, n…
( T/F ) Adaptation of the olfactory se…
Only in the superior portion of the nasal cavity
Olfactory Hairs
Supporting cells
True
Where are olfactory receptors found?
Only in the superior portion of the nasal cavity
Where are the receptors that actually…
Olfactory Hairs
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 17
Nutrients
Water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins…
Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
Water, vitamins, and minerals
Substances that are derived from food and necessary to carry…
What are the six categories of nutrients?
Energy-producing nutrients.
Nutrients that don't produce energy.
Nutrients
Substances that are derived from food and necessary to carry…
Water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins…
What are the six categories of nutrients?
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 17
gap junctions
neurotransmitters
paracrines
hormones
enable cells to pass nutrients, electrolytes, and signaling m…
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
are secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same…
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
gap junctions
enable cells to pass nutrients, electrolytes, and signaling m…
neurotransmitters
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17 - Heart
Heart Anatomy
Location of heart
Heart is
Pericardium
Approximately size of your fist
Mediastinum between 2nd rib and 5th intercostal space
anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum
a double-walled sac around the heart
Heart Anatomy
Approximately size of your fist
Location of heart
Mediastinum between 2nd rib and 5th intercostal space
86 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
The upper respiratory tract consists o…
the lower respiratory tract consists o…
air enters and leaves the respiratory…
inside the nose are little hairs calle…
nasal cavity... nasopharynx... oropharynx... laryngopharynx... larynx
trachea... left and right primary bronchi... bronchioles... left lung…
nose
cilia
The upper respiratory tract consists o…
nasal cavity... nasopharynx... oropharynx... laryngopharynx... larynx
the lower respiratory tract consists o…
trachea... left and right primary bronchi... bronchioles... left lung…
89 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 17 fischer
heart location
heart anatomy
apex
base
left thoracic cavity... posterior sternum in mediastinum
apex... base... size of fist... >1lb... 2 chambers
point of cone... bottom heart
wide/broad... top heart... poterior/ superior
heart location
left thoracic cavity... posterior sternum in mediastinum
heart anatomy
apex... base... size of fist... >1lb... 2 chambers
204 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
Transport, digestion, absorption, defe…
Digestion
Mechanical, chemical
Absorption
What are the 4 functions of the digestive system?
Break down of food into the respective smallest molecules for…
Two ways that food is broken down.
Crossing a membrane
Transport, digestion, absorption, defe…
What are the 4 functions of the digestive system?
Digestion
Break down of food into the respective smallest molecules for…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 17 Blood
What are the three components of whole…
What are the physical characteristics…
What are the functions of blood
What is the composition of blood plasma?
Plasma 55% (least dense)... Buffy Coat <1% Leukocytes and Platel…
Sticky, Opaque, salty, metallic taste... Blood is slightly alkal…
Distribution (O2, waste, hormones)... Regulation (temperature, p…
Water... Proteins: Albumin, Globulin (alpha, beta, and gamma), F…
What are the three components of whole…
Plasma 55% (least dense)... Buffy Coat <1% Leukocytes and Platel…
What are the physical characteristics…
Sticky, Opaque, salty, metallic taste... Blood is slightly alkal…
83 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 17
Taste buds
Papillae
Supporting cells
Gustatory cells
Sensory receptor organs for taste located in the oral cavity…
Bumps on tongue
Make up most of the case but insulate the receptor cells
Take in the chemical information
Taste buds
Sensory receptor organs for taste located in the oral cavity…
Papillae
Bumps on tongue
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 17
buffy coat
hematocrit
plasma
albumin
A thin, whitish layer of blood present at the erythrocyte-pla…
The percentage of total blood volume occupied by erythrocytes
The nonliving fluid component of blood within which formed el…
The most abundant plasma protein
buffy coat
A thin, whitish layer of blood present at the erythrocyte-pla…
hematocrit
The percentage of total blood volume occupied by erythrocytes
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 17 Blood
What are the three components of whole…
What are the physical characteristics…
What are the functions of blood
What is the composition of blood plasma?
Plasma 55% (least dense)... Buffy Coat <1% Leukocytes and Platel…
Sticky, Opaque, salty, metallic taste... Blood is slightly alkal…
Distribution (O2, waste, hormones)... Regulation (temperature, p…
Water... Proteins: Albumin, Globulin (alpha,
What are the three components of whole…
Plasma 55% (least dense)... Buffy Coat <1% Leukocytes and Platel…
What are the physical characteristics…
Sticky, Opaque, salty, metallic taste... Blood is slightly alkal…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
nutrients
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
a part of food (vitamin, mineral, carbohydrate,lipid, protein…
the sum of all the biochemical processes underway in the body…
the BREAKDOWN of complex organic molecules into simpler compo…
the SYNTHESIS of complex organic compounds from simpler precu…
nutrients
a part of food (vitamin, mineral, carbohydrate,lipid, protein…
metabolism
the sum of all the biochemical processes underway in the body…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
PF3
7.4
hemoglobin F
1
is a pivotal molecule associated with the external surfaces o…
What is the average normal pH of blood?
The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cel…
Together, leukocytes and platelets comprise approximately wha…
PF3
is a pivotal molecule associated with the external surfaces o…
7.4
What is the average normal pH of blood?
28 terms
chapter 17 anatomy and physiology (the eye)
pupil
iris
conjuctiva
cornea
central opening of the eye, surrounded by the iris, through w…
pigmented (colored) layer that opens and closes to allow more…
Delicate membrane lining the undersurface of the eyelids and…
Fibrous transparent layer of clear tissue that extends over t…
pupil
central opening of the eye, surrounded by the iris, through w…
iris
pigmented (colored) layer that opens and closes to allow more…
65 terms
Chapter 17- Anatomy & Physiology
crystals
fenestrae
stretch
e. coli
Uric acid can form ______ in joints.
Tiny openings in glomerular capillaries are called:
The bladder is distensible - meaning it can be ______ and the…
Which bacteria causes most urinary tract infections?
crystals
Uric acid can form ______ in joints.
fenestrae
Tiny openings in glomerular capillaries are called:
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
What are the names of the agglutinogens?
What are the names of the agglutinins
What blood type contains agglutinogens…
What blood type contains agglutinogen…
A and B
Anti-A and Anti-B
Type AB
Type A
What are the names of the agglutinogens?
A and B
What are the names of the agglutinins
Anti-A and Anti-B
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
Olfactory Receptors
Gustatory Receptors
Visual Receptors
eyelids
First - order neurons of the olfactory pathway. A bipolar neu…
Synapse with dendrites of the first- order neurons that form…
More than half the sensory receptors in the human body are lo…
Shade the eyes during sleep, protect the eyes from excessive…
Olfactory Receptors
First - order neurons of the olfactory pathway. A bipolar neu…
Gustatory Receptors
Synapse with dendrites of the first- order neurons that form…
Anatomy and Physiology Latin Roots Endocrine Chapter 17-18
Endo
Crine
Homeo
Inter
Inside
To secrete
Same
Between
Endo
Inside
Crine
To secrete
14 terms
Chapter 17 Anatomy and Physiology
List the primary and accessory sex org…
The normal position of the uterus is k…
Define Fundus
Name the three layers of the uterine w…
ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts
anteflexion
Rounded portion of the uterine body superior to the attachmen…
perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
List the primary and accessory sex org…
ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts
The normal position of the uterus is k…
anteflexion
130 terms
anatomy and physiology: chapter 17
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and…
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
In the anterior pituitary, what stimulates the adrenal cortex…
In the anterior pituitary regulates function of gonads
In the anterior pituitary production and maturation of sperm…
In the anterior pituitary start ovulation and production of e…
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
In the anterior pituitary, what stimulates the adrenal cortex…
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and…
In the anterior pituitary regulates function of gonads
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Chapter 17)
Capillary
1. The systemic circuit... 2. The coronar…
Aorta
1. Brachiocephalic artery... 2. Left Comm…
Where gas exchange takes place
The three major circuits of blood flow in the body
Largest artery in the body
Three major branches of the aortic arch
Capillary
Where gas exchange takes place
1. The systemic circuit... 2. The coronar…
The three major circuits of blood flow in the body
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
uremia
renal cortex
renal medulla
renal pyramids
when waste products are not cleared or excreted in the urine…
the outer part of the kidney
the inner portion of the kidney
the triangular divisions of the medulla of the kidney
uremia
when waste products are not cleared or excreted in the urine…
renal cortex
the outer part of the kidney
31 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 17
Trachea
Respiratory membrane
Alveoli
Pharynx
Structure also known as the windpipe that connects the larynx…
A thin layer of tissue that seperates the air in the lungs an…
Structures in which gas exchange between the blood and the ai…
Structure to which the auditory tubes from the middle ear lea…
Trachea
Structure also known as the windpipe that connects the larynx…
Respiratory membrane
A thin layer of tissue that seperates the air in the lungs an…
67 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
Sense of smell, located in nasal septum
Yes
2
Olfactory Nerve (1)
What is Olfaction?
Can stem cells replace neurons for olfaction?
What percent of inhaled air is exposed to the olfactory organs?
Which cranial nerve detects smell?
Sense of smell, located in nasal septum
What is Olfaction?
Yes
Can stem cells replace neurons for olfaction?
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 17
Autocrine Chemical Messengrs
Paracrine Chemical Messengers
Neurotransmitter
Endocrine Chemical Messengers
Chemical communication within cells, tissues, or organs
Chemical communication between more than one cell, tissue, or…
Communication using synapses and junctions
Transported throughout the body via blood
Autocrine Chemical Messengrs
Chemical communication within cells, tissues, or organs
Paracrine Chemical Messengers
Chemical communication between more than one cell, tissue, or…
54 terms
Chapter 17 Anatomy & Physiology
which form of communication does not n…
what is a connexon protein ?
what kind of cell to cell communicatio…
which of the following is not true of…
direct
a membrane bound protein that connects two cells, forming a g…
indirect
communication is indirect
which form of communication does not n…
direct
what is a connexon protein ?
a membrane bound protein that connects two cells, forming a g…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
The first step in the process of olfac…
Which of the flowing explanations best…
Which of the following is true of olfa…
All of the following are true of olfac…
An odorant molecule binding to a specific protein
Olfactory information is relayed directly to the hypothalamus…
c) the number of olfactory receptors decline as we age
c) they project first to the occipital lobes and then to the…
The first step in the process of olfac…
An odorant molecule binding to a specific protein
Which of the flowing explanations best…
Olfactory information is relayed directly to the hypothalamus…
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 17 & 18
Name the structures of the alimerntary…
Describe the difference between mechan…
Name the 3 types of teeth
Describe the function of saliva
Mouth ... Esphogus ... Stomach ... Small Intestine ... Large Intestine ... A…
Mechanical Digestion - Is physical for example chewing ... Chemi…
Molars ... Canines... Incisors
The function of the saliva is to break down food, absorb food…
Name the structures of the alimerntary…
Mouth ... Esphogus ... Stomach ... Small Intestine ... Large Intestine ... A…
Describe the difference between mechan…
Mechanical Digestion - Is physical for example chewing ... Chemi…
47 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 17
Eosinophil
Neutrophil
Erythrocyte
Basophil
Nucleus has two lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes…
*Nucleus is multilobed; functions as a phagocyte; contains fi…
Transports CO2 and oxygen
Contains a U or an S shaped nucleus; granules stain very dark
Eosinophil
Nucleus has two lobes; contains granules of lysosomal enzymes…
Neutrophil
*Nucleus is multilobed; functions as a phagocyte; contains fi…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17
How does the endocrine system differ f…
Diabetes mellitus is noted by sustaine…
What are the major endocrine organs in…
One of the general functions of the en…
the nervous system targets specific neurons, muscles, or glan…
maintaining the homeostasis of blood compositon, specifically…
the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, pineal, and parathyroid glad…
insulin and glucagon regulate blood glucose levels, Vitamin D…
How does the endocrine system differ f…
the nervous system targets specific neurons, muscles, or glan…
Diabetes mellitus is noted by sustaine…
maintaining the homeostasis of blood compositon, specifically…
20 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 17
3 main functions of lymphatic system
what are 3 differences and 2 similarit…
what are the 2 ducts which receive lym…
lymph nodes filter lymphatic fluid, wh…
1. drain excess interstitial fluid... 2. transport dietary lipi…
similarities ... 1. they both unit to form larger vessels ... 2. t…
1. Thoracic duct- fluid from left side of head, neck, chest a…
1. B cells which develop into plasma cells... 2. T cells... 3. de…
3 main functions of lymphatic system
1. drain excess interstitial fluid... 2. transport dietary lipi…
what are 3 differences and 2 similarit…
similarities ... 1. they both unit to form larger vessels ... 2. t…
21 terms
chapter 17 anatomy and physiology II
Neurotransmitter:
Paracrines:
Hormones:
Target cells:
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
are secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same…
A chemical messenger that is secreted into the blood by an en…
A cell acted upon by a nerve fiber, hormone, or other chemica…
Neurotransmitter:
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
Paracrines:
are secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17 blood
Distribution Functions
Blood composition
Physical characteristics and volume
Regulation functions
•Delivering oxygen and nutrients to body cells... • transporting…
•blood ... - fluid connective tissue... - plasma-non-living fluid…
•sticky, opaque fluid with metallic taste... • color varies with…
•maintaining body temperature by absorbing and distributing h…
Distribution Functions
•Delivering oxygen and nutrients to body cells... • transporting…
Blood composition
•blood ... - fluid connective tissue... - plasma-non-living fluid…
8 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II CHAPTER 17
Endocrine system
Endocrinology
Endocrine glands
Hormones
glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
the study of this system and the diagnosis and treatment of i…
organs that are traditional sources of hormones
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Endocrine system
glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
Endocrinology
the study of this system and the diagnosis and treatment of i…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 17
distribution, regulation, and protection
plasma
formed elements
centrifuged blood
List the functions of blood:
fluid matrix portion of blood called the nonliving matrix fil…
buffy coat and erythrocytes, white blood cells and platelets…
55% plasma, 45% formed elements
distribution, regulation, and protection
List the functions of blood:
plasma
fluid matrix portion of blood called the nonliving matrix fil…
47 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17
Blood
Formed Elements
Hematocrit
Characteristics
Body's only fluid tissue composed of liquid plasma and formed…
Erythrocytes or Red Blood Cells (RBC), Leukocytes or White Bl…
The percentage of RBCs out of the total blood volume.
Sticky, opaque fluid with a metallic taste.... Varies in color f…
Blood
Body's only fluid tissue composed of liquid plasma and formed…
Formed Elements
Erythrocytes or Red Blood Cells (RBC), Leukocytes or White Bl…
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