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Study sets matching "ch 2 life science"

11 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
The center of an atom which contains the protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle located in the space surrounding…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains the protons and neutrons.
12 terms
Life Science Chapter 2.2
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Mixture
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom.
Attraction between molecules of the same substance.
Force of attraction between different kinds of molecules.
Material composed of two or more elements or compounds that a…
Hydrogen bond
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom.
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance.
19 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
organisms: have life cycles, can repro…
unicellular
energy
multicellular
What are the characteristics of life?
What are organisms made of one cell called?
What is the ability to do work?
What are organisms made of many cells called?
organisms: have life cycles, can repro…
What are the characteristics of life?
unicellular
What are organisms made of one cell called?
14 terms
Life Science - Chapter 2
consumer
pollinator
producer
seed dispersal
An organism that eats plants, or other animals that eat plants.
An animal that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen.
An organism that makes its own food.
The scattering or carrying away of seeds from the plant that…
consumer
An organism that eats plants, or other animals that eat plants.
pollinator
An animal that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen.
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 2 Terms, Characteristics of Life
unicellular
multicellular
colonial organism
cell theory
organism made of one cell
organism made of many cells
organism made of many similar cells, but each cell is capable…
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. all living thing…
unicellular
organism made of one cell
multicellular
organism made of many cells
56 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
camera
telescope
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
an optical instrument that uses lenses to focus light, and fi…
a magnifier of images of distant objects
optical telescope that has a large convex lens that produces…
a telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
camera
an optical instrument that uses lenses to focus light, and fi…
telescope
a magnifier of images of distant objects
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
cell
stimulus
homeostasis
asexual reproduction
Membrane covered structure that contains all the materials ne…
Change in an organism's environment that affects the activity…
maintenance of a stable internal environment (warm blooded an…
single parent produces offspring identical to the parent
cell
Membrane covered structure that contains all the materials ne…
stimulus
Change in an organism's environment that affects the activity…
30 terms
Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organic compound
inorganic compound
protein
amino acid
contains Carbon ex: carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, l…
does not contain Carbon ex: water
large molecule made of amino acids, used to build and repair…
building blocks of proteins
organic compound
contains Carbon ex: carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, l…
inorganic compound
does not contain Carbon ex: water
19 terms
Life Science-Chapter 2 (cells and viruses)
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cell wall
organelle
outer covering of a cell, let's certain things in or out
gelatinlike material inside every cell "gel in the cell"
tough, rigid outer covering of plant cells
membrane bond structures inside a cell that carry out various…
cell membrane
outer covering of a cell, let's certain things in or out
cytoplasm
gelatinlike material inside every cell "gel in the cell"
14 terms
Chapter 2 Life Science
cell
homeostasis
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Basic unit of all living things
Maintaining a constant internal environment
Cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new…
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
cell
Basic unit of all living things
homeostasis
Maintaining a constant internal environment
29 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
active transport
carbohydrate
cell membrane
cell theory
the movement of substances through a cell membrane using the…
a macromolecule made up of one or more sugar molecules, which…
a flexible covering that protects the inside of a cell from t…
the theory that states that all living things are made of one…
active transport
the movement of substances through a cell membrane using the…
carbohydrate
a macromolecule made up of one or more sugar molecules, which…
25 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
What is the high point of a wave called?
What is the definition of a medium?
At what speed do electromagnet waves t…
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
The crest (p.40)
The material through which a wave travels (p.39)
Speed of light (p.42)
Radio waves, microwaves, infrared rays, visible light, ultrav…
What is the high point of a wave called?
The crest (p.40)
What is the definition of a medium?
The material through which a wave travels (p.39)
6 terms
Life Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Niche
is all the living and non living things in an area and their…
is all the members of a species living in a certain area
is all the different organisms that live and interact in an a…
is the way an organism interacts with living and non living p…
Ecosystem
is all the living and non living things in an area and their…
Population
is all the members of a species living in a certain area
8 terms
life science Chapter 2
Vertebrate
invertebrate
classify
backbone
is an animal vertebrates a backbone
is an animal without a backbone
is to place into groups based on characteristics
is a string of separate bones that fit together to protect th…
Vertebrate
is an animal vertebrates a backbone
invertebrate
is an animal without a backbone
107 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Matter
Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA)
Atoms
chemical symbol
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Lack of iron in the body
The smallest unit of an element that retains the unique prope…
Identifies an element
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA)
Lack of iron in the body
11 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Metamorphosis
Larva
Pupa
Nymph
A series of major changes in an animal's body form during its…
A young animal with a body form very different from the adult.
The stage in metamorphosis in which the body form of a young…
The stage of incomplete metamorphosis in which the young adul…
Metamorphosis
A series of major changes in an animal's body form during its…
Larva
A young animal with a body form very different from the adult.
39 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Organism
Life cycle
Characteristics of life
Cytoplasm
A complete living thing
The successive stages of life that include an organism's peri…
Organisms reproduce, grow, are made of cells, require energy,…
The material inside the cell membrane
Organism
A complete living thing
Life cycle
The successive stages of life that include an organism's peri…
17 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
cell
stimulus
homeostasis
asexual reproduction
a membrane-covered structure that contains all of the materia…
a change in an organism's environment that affects the activi…
the maintenance of a stable internal environment
a single parent produces offspring that is identical to the p…
cell
a membrane-covered structure that contains all of the materia…
stimulus
a change in an organism's environment that affects the activi…
33 terms
Life Science Chapter 2 Review
spore
seed
angiosperm
gymnosperm
a single cell that can develop into a new plant that is exact…
contains an undeveloped plant, stored food, and a protective…
a seed plant that produces flowers
a seed plant that does not produce flowers
spore
a single cell that can develop into a new plant that is exact…
seed
contains an undeveloped plant, stored food, and a protective…
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Cell Membrane (1)
Cytoplasm (1)
Cell Wall (1)
Organelle (1)
Protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
Rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cel…
Structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act…
Cell Membrane (1)
Protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Cytoplasm (1)
Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
17 terms
Holt Life Science Chapter 2
Cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Sexual Reproduction
Membrane covered structure that contains all of the materials…
A change that affects the activity of an organism
Maintenance of a stable internal environment
Two parents produce offspring that will share characteristics…
Cell
Membrane covered structure that contains all of the materials…
Stimulus
A change that affects the activity of an organism
13 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Cell boundary, controls materials coming into and out of the…
Control cell activities
Makes ribosomes
Contains enzymes that help catalyze reactions, buffers the re…
Cell Membrane
Cell boundary, controls materials coming into and out of the…
Nucleus
Control cell activities
9 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
classify
kingdom
phylum
class
To assign or arrange organism in a particular group.
In the modern classification system, the largest group of liv…
In the modern classification system, a subdivision of a kingd…
In modern classification system, a subdivision of phylum; inc…
classify
To assign or arrange organism in a particular group.
kingdom
In the modern classification system, the largest group of liv…
34 terms
BJU Life Science, Chapter 2
classify
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
To arrange things into groups
In the modern classification system, the largest group of liv…
In the modern classification system, a subdivision of a kingd…
In the modern classification system, a subdiviosion of a phyl…
classify
To arrange things into groups
Kingdom
In the modern classification system, the largest group of liv…
25 terms
Life of Plants - Science- Chapter 2
botany
leaf
stem
roots
the study of plants
collects sunlight and air to make food for the plant
carries water and food to the rest of the plant
takes in water and food for the plant
botany
the study of plants
leaf
collects sunlight and air to make food for the plant
20 terms
BJU Life Science, Chapter 2, 4th Edition
cell
unicellular
multicellular
energy
The smallest living unit of an organism; the functional and s…
Describes a living thing composed of only one cell.
Describes a living thing that is composed of more than one ce…
The ability to do work.
cell
The smallest living unit of an organism; the functional and s…
unicellular
Describes a living thing composed of only one cell.
33 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
29 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Energy
The smallest living unit of an organism.
A living thing made up of only one cell.
An organism composed one or more cell that cannot live apart…
Ability to do work
Cell
The smallest living unit of an organism.
Unicellular
A living thing made up of only one cell.
29 terms
Chapter 2- Life Science
Cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Asexual reproduction
The smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or a…
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
Reproduction that does not involve the union of the sex cells…
Cell
The smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
Stimulus
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or a…
40 terms
Life science: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
cytoplasm
a thin layer around the outside of a cell; this layer separat…
a solid layer surrounding a plant cell that gives it structur…
an organelle in a plant cell that captures light energy
a jellylike substance that fills up the inside of a cell
cell membrane
a thin layer around the outside of a cell; this layer separat…
cell wall
a solid layer surrounding a plant cell that gives it structur…
26 terms
Chapter 2 Life Science
cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Asexual Reproduction
the smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
a change that affects the activity of an organism
the maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
reproduction that does not involve the union of sex cells and…
cell
the smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
Stimulus
a change that affects the activity of an organism
30 terms
Life science chapter 2
Microscope
Cell theory
Cell wall
Cell membrane
An instrument used to see very small things
The scientific theory that says all living things are made of…
An organelle in plant cells that gives structure to the cell
The part of the cell that regulates what comes into and goes…
Microscope
An instrument used to see very small things
Cell theory
The scientific theory that says all living things are made of…
31 terms
Chapter 2 - Life Science
Cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Asexual Reproduction
The smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
A change that affects the activity of an organism
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
Reproduction that does not involve the union of sex cells and…
Cell
The smallest functional and structural unit of all living org…
Stimulus
A change that affects the activity of an organism
17 terms
9. Life Science Chapter 2
seed
embryo
flower
pollination
A structure that can grow into a new plant.
A young organism that is just beginning to grow.
A plant structure that makes seeds.
The movement of pollen from the male part of a flower to the…
seed
A structure that can grow into a new plant.
embryo
A young organism that is just beginning to grow.
28 terms
life science chapter 2
cell membrane
cell theory
cell wall
chloroplasts
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
1) All cells come from existing cells 2) Cells are the basic…
a rigid layer outside the cell membrane in plant cells that s…
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
cell theory
1) All cells come from existing cells 2) Cells are the basic…
51 terms
California Life Science: Chapter 2
wave
energy
medium
vibration
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
The ability to do work or cause change.
The material through which a wave travels.
A repeated back-and-forth or up-and-down motion.
wave
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
20 terms
Life science chapter 2
Cells
microscope
Cell theory
Cell wall
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A rigid layer that surrounds the cells of the plant and some…
Cells
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
Life Science (BJU) Chapter 2
God commanded all living things to...
All organisms have at least one...
The main classification system is base…
All living things...
reproduce after their kind.
cell.
physical characteristics.
come from another living thing.
God commanded all living things to...
reproduce after their kind.
All organisms have at least one...
cell.
18 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Centromere
Mitosis
A life cycle the usually includes phases of growth and develo…
The phase of a cell cycle when a cell is preparing to reprodu…
A region near the middle of each chromatid. (sister chromatid…
The NUCLEUS divides in this process.
Cell Cycle
A life cycle the usually includes phases of growth and develo…
Interphase
The phase of a cell cycle when a cell is preparing to reprodu…
20 terms
LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 2
cell membrane
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic
cytoplasm
outer flexible covering of a cell
cell with out a nucleus
cell with a nucleus
gelatin like material found inside the cell
cell membrane
outer flexible covering of a cell
prokaryotic cell
cell with out a nucleus
43 terms
BJU Life Science : Chapter 2
cell (2.1, 3B)
unicellular (2.1)
multicellular (2.1)
energy (2.1)
The smallest living unit of an organism; the functional and s…
Describes a living thing composed of only one cell.
Describes a living thing that is composed of more than one ce…
The ability to do work. All living things need it to stay ali…
cell (2.1, 3B)
The smallest living unit of an organism; the functional and s…
unicellular (2.1)
Describes a living thing composed of only one cell.
38 terms
7th Life Science Chapter 2
Chroma
Multi
Organism
Cell
Color
Many
Living Thing
Forms the part of an organism
Chroma
Color
Multi
Many
93 terms
Chapter 2 life science
Matter
Element
Atoms
Atomic weight
Anything that has space and mass can exist as a gas, liquid,…
112 elements.
Smallest unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and ele…
Neutrons and protons together.
Matter
Anything that has space and mass can exist as a gas, liquid,…
Element
112 elements.
9 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary-Life Science
Binomial Nomenclature
Genus
Classification
Species
A system of naming organisms in groups based on their observa…
The first word in an organism's scientific name. A classifica…
The process of grouping things based on their similarities. U…
A group of similar organisms that mate and reproduce and so c…
Binomial Nomenclature
A system of naming organisms in groups based on their observa…
Genus
The first word in an organism's scientific name. A classifica…
15 terms
Life Science chapter 2
Cell cycle
Tissue
Cell plate
Organ
Life cycle of a cell
A group of cells that work together and perform a function
A disc formed between the two nuclei of a plant cell
A group of tissues that work together and perform one or more…
Cell cycle
Life cycle of a cell
Tissue
A group of cells that work together and perform a function
87 terms
Chapter 2 Life Science
All earth organisms MUST
Elements
Atoms
Atoms are composed of
have a common set of biological molecules... can maintain homeos…
fundamental forms of matter
smallest unit of an element
protons nuetrons and electrons
All earth organisms MUST
have a common set of biological molecules... can maintain homeos…
Elements
fundamental forms of matter
16 terms
Life Science Chapter 2
Cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Sexual Reproduction
The smallest unit that can perform all life processes.
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism.
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
Reproduction in which the sex cells from two parents unite, p…
Cell
The smallest unit that can perform all life processes.
Stimulus
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism.
30 terms
Life Science Chapter 2 - Cells
cell
nucleus
cell membrane
cell wall
smallest functioning unit in organisms
control center of a cell
outer boundary of all cells
tough supportive structure of some cells, made of cellulose
cell
smallest functioning unit in organisms
nucleus
control center of a cell
27 terms
Chapter 2:1 Life Science
Organism
Cell
Unicellular
Autotrophs
a living thing
basic unit of structure and function in a organism
single-celled organism
organisms that make their own food
Organism
a living thing
Cell
basic unit of structure and function in a organism
28 terms
CPO Life Science Chapter 2
what makes something alive?
stimulus
response
growth
1. respond to their surroundings. 2. grow and develop. 3. abl…
something that causes a response.
how an organism reacts to a stimulus
increase in mass
what makes something alive?
1. respond to their surroundings. 2. grow and develop. 3. abl…
stimulus
something that causes a response.
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