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Study sets matching "ch 20 european history"

14 terms
Chapter 20 European History
Industrial Revolution
Spinning Jenny
Water Frame
Steam Engines
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
A spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
A breakthrough invention by Thomas Savery in 1698 and Thomas…
Industrial Revolution
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
Spinning Jenny
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
43 terms
Chapter 20 European History Terms
Putting-Out System
Cottage Industry
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Richard Arkwright - Water Frame
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
He invented a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning mach…
He created a spinning machine that had a capacity of several…
Putting-Out System
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
Cottage Industry
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
25 terms
AP European History: Chapter 20
Spinning Jenny
Water Frame
Steam Engines
Rocket
a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
a spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
Invented by Thomas Savery in 1698 and Thomas Newcomen in 1705…
George Stephenson's effective locomotive that was first teste…
Spinning Jenny
a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
Water Frame
a spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
21 terms
Chapter 20.4 European History Terms
Labor
Class-Consciousness
Luddites
Robert Owen
Human effort directed toward producing goods and services
Awareness of belonging to a distinct social and economic clas…
Group of handicraft workers who attacked factories in norther…
British cotton manufacturer, who believed that humans would r…
Labor
Human effort directed toward producing goods and services
Class-Consciousness
Awareness of belonging to a distinct social and economic clas…
12 terms
Chapter 20.1 European History Terms
Putting-Out System
Cottage Industry
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Richard Arkwright - Water Frame
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
He invented a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning mach…
He created a spinning machine that had a capacity of several…
Putting-Out System
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
Cottage Industry
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
34 terms
Chapter 20 European History
Goals of nationalist
Goals of liberals
Nationalist and liberals pose a threat
Nationalist against the Congress of Vi…
Create boundaries around similar ethnic groups
Create boundaries to help create freer economic markets as we…
They pose a threat to monarchs and aristocrats as they over a…
They didn't believe that legitimate monarchies or dynasties p…
Goals of nationalist
Create boundaries around similar ethnic groups
Goals of liberals
Create boundaries to help create freer economic markets as we…
46 terms
European History Identifications chapter 20
Industrial Revolution
Cotton Industry
Canals
Richard Arkwright and James Hargreaves
period of sustained economic growth in Europe due to improvem…
new machines were invented, putting Britain at the head of th…
this, along with roads and rivers, led to better transportati…
-invented the spinning jenny which allowed for yarn to be spu…
Industrial Revolution
period of sustained economic growth in Europe due to improvem…
Cotton Industry
new machines were invented, putting Britain at the head of th…
13 terms
European History Chapter 20
Extended Family
Community Controls
Illegitimacy Explosion
Killing Nurses
• Extended Families are families composed of three generation…
• Community controls were controls such as public humiliation…
• Illegitimacy Explosion was an explosion of illegitimate chi…
• These were wet-nurse that took in more children than they c…
Extended Family
• Extended Families are families composed of three generation…
Community Controls
• Community controls were controls such as public humiliation…
30 terms
European History Chapter 20
Nationalism
Liberal
Magyars
Conservatism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possibl…
Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and…
A belief that limited government insures order competitive ma…
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Liberal
Favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possibl…
64 terms
European History Chapter 20
Dual Revolution
2 major events happening simultaneousl…
When was The Industrial Revolution
What happened in The Industrial Revolu…
2 major events happening simultaneously and as an effect of S…
- France was implementing drastic political changes... - Britain…
1780s in GB started to influence continental Europe after 181…
Profoundly transformed economic & social life
Dual Revolution
2 major events happening simultaneously and as an effect of S…
2 major events happening simultaneousl…
- France was implementing drastic political changes... - Britain…
20 terms
Modern European History Chapter 20
Jethro Tull (1674-1741)
Viscount Townshend (1725-1767)
Cyrus McCormick (1809-1884)
Enclosure
Developed a seed drill that planted seeds in neat rows, repla…
Introduced the method of crop rotation farming. He also advoc…
American inventor of the reaper. The reaper represented a maj…
Farming technique that enclosed common land by building fence…
Jethro Tull (1674-1741)
Developed a seed drill that planted seeds in neat rows, repla…
Viscount Townshend (1725-1767)
Introduced the method of crop rotation farming. He also advoc…
AP European History Chapter 20
blood sports
Infanticide
Jesuits
illegitimacy explosion
bullbaiting and cockfighting, sports that remained popular wi…
the willful destruction of newborn children.
the Society of Jesus, they were extraordinary teachers, missi…
the result of a break down of late marriages and few births o…
blood sports
bullbaiting and cockfighting, sports that remained popular wi…
Infanticide
the willful destruction of newborn children.
34 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
Nationalism
Nationhood
19th century Liberalism
Political goals of liberals
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Status belonging to states strong enough to protect their bor…
Interested in radical change; want the government to have not…
Sought to establish a political framework of legal equality,…
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Nationhood
Status belonging to states strong enough to protect their bor…
43 terms
Chapter 20 European History Terms
Putting-Out System
Cottage Industry
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Richard Arkwright - Water Frame
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
He invented a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning mach…
He created a spinning machine that had a capacity of several…
Putting-Out System
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
Cottage Industry
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
39 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
nationalism
nationhood
liberalism
Benjamin Constant
-the single most powerful ideology of the 19th-20th century... -…
-putting ethnic groups in their own nation would lead to econ…
-anyone or thing that challenges their own political, social,…
French Liberal theorist who stated that the poor are not enli…
nationalism
-the single most powerful ideology of the 19th-20th century... -…
nationhood
-putting ethnic groups in their own nation would lead to econ…
46 terms
European History Identifications chapter 20
Industrial Revolution
Cotton Industry
Canals
Richard Arkwright and James Hargreaves
period of sustained economic growth in Europe due to improvem…
new machines were invented, putting Britain at the head of th…
this, along with roads and rivers, led to better transportati…
-invented the spinning jenny which allowed for yarn to be spu…
Industrial Revolution
period of sustained economic growth in Europe due to improvem…
Cotton Industry
new machines were invented, putting Britain at the head of th…
45 terms
European History Chapter 20 Vocabulary The Industrial Revolution
Agricultural Revolution
Industrialization
Capital
Entrepreneurs
1700s improvements in food production that greatly increased…
The process of a nation gradually increasing its industrial o…
Money for investing.
People who risk their own capital to make a profit.
Agricultural Revolution
1700s improvements in food production that greatly increased…
Industrialization
The process of a nation gradually increasing its industrial o…
31 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 People
Benjamin Disraeli
William Gladstone
Napoleon III
General Georges Boulanger
the British conservative who proposes reforms
British liberal who proposes more reforms
The paris commune forms after his fall in the Franco-Prussian…
conservatives joined nationalists, military, and opponents of…
Benjamin Disraeli
the British conservative who proposes reforms
William Gladstone
British liberal who proposes more reforms
71 terms
A.P European History Chapter 20 Study Guide
The three estates
Bourgeoisie
Louis XV
Rene de Maupeou
Orders that divided France's population into 3 groups: clergy…
Upper middle class in France that rose to lead the third stra…
During his reign, the duke of Orleans sanctioned a counter-we…
Appointed chancellor to Louis XV to oppose the judicial branc…
The three estates
Orders that divided France's population into 3 groups: clergy…
Bourgeoisie
Upper middle class in France that rose to lead the third stra…
30 terms
Ap European history: chapter 20
indistrial revolution
spinning jenny
water frame
steam engine
term first coined in 1799 to descrobe the mahor burst of inve…
simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created by…
spooning machine by Richard Arkwright that had a capacity of…
invention by Thomas savery and Newcomen that burned coal to p…
indistrial revolution
term first coined in 1799 to descrobe the mahor burst of inve…
spinning jenny
simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created by…
25 terms
European History Chapter 20 Vocabulary
Lebensraum
Axis
Appeasement
Anschluss
-Meaning "living space."... -The Nazi plan to colonize and explo…
-The alliance between Nazi Germany and fascist Italy.... -Also c…
-The Anglo-French policy of making concessions to Germany in…
-Meaning "union."... -The annexation of Austria by Germany in Ma…
Lebensraum
-Meaning "living space."... -The Nazi plan to colonize and explo…
Axis
-The alliance between Nazi Germany and fascist Italy.... -Also c…
43 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 Vocabulary The Industrial Revolution
Agricultural Revolution
Industrialization
Capital
Entrepreneurs
1700s improvements in food production that greatly increased…
The process of a nation gradually increasing its industrial o…
Money for investing.
People who risk their own capital to make a profit.
Agricultural Revolution
1700s improvements in food production that greatly increased…
Industrialization
The process of a nation gradually increasing its industrial o…
10 terms
Chapter 20 European History Terms
Agricultural Revolution
Capital
Cholera
Cottage industry
The application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
Material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
An infectious disease of the small intestine spread through w…
A system of textile manufacturing in which spinners and weave…
Agricultural Revolution
The application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
Capital
Material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
32 terms
European History Chapter 20 Vocab
Agricultural Revolution
Cottage Industry
Causes of IR
Flying Shuttle
more food = cheaper food = more available money = people can…
...
...
weaves yarn into cloth
Agricultural Revolution
more food = cheaper food = more available money = people can…
Cottage Industry
...
8 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
agricultural revolution
capital
cholera
cottage industry
the application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
an infectious epidemic disease common in many urban areas dur…
a system of textile manufacturing in which spinners and weave…
agricultural revolution
the application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
capital
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
14 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
Industrial Revolution
spinning jenny
water frame
steam engine
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
A spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
A breakthrough invention by Thomas Savery in 1698 and Thomas…
Industrial Revolution
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
spinning jenny
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
42 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
Louis XVI
Marquis de Lafayette
Marie Antoinette
Olympe de Gouges
Pushed out of monarchial power by several radicals. Tried to…
French soldier and statesman, fought alongside the colonists…
French queen, wife of Louis XIV. Her extravagant lifestyle le…
Her extravagant lifestyle led to widespread unpopularity and,…
Louis XVI
Pushed out of monarchial power by several radicals. Tried to…
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier and statesman, fought alongside the colonists…
59 terms
AP European History Chapter 20: The French Revolution
The Three Estates - 3
The First Estate - 3
The Second Estate - 3
The Third Estate - 3
The three orders of France: the clergy, the nobility, and eve…
The clergy
The nobility or the descendants of "those who fought" in the…
The commoners of France that consisted of, prosperous merchan…
The Three Estates - 3
The three orders of France: the clergy, the nobility, and eve…
The First Estate - 3
The clergy
8 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
Italian & Egyptian Campaigns
First Consul & Emperor
The Concordat 1801
The Civil Code
...
...
an agreement with Pope Pius VII which ended church state conf…
Law issued by Napoleon which sought to ensure the equal right…
Italian & Egyptian Campaigns
...
First Consul & Emperor
...
16 terms
Ap European History Chapter 20
estates
Estates General
National Assembly
Great Fear
The three legal categories, or order, of France's inhabitants…
A legislative body in pre-Revolutionary France made up of rep…
The first French Revolutionary legislature, made up primarily…
The fear of noble reprisals against peasant uprisings that se…
estates
The three legal categories, or order, of France's inhabitants…
Estates General
A legislative body in pre-Revolutionary France made up of rep…
42 terms
AP European History Chapter 20
Louis XVI
Marquis de Lafayette
Marie Antoinette
Olympe de Gouges
Pushed out of monarchial power by several radicals. Tried to…
French soldier and statesman, fought alongside the colonists…
French queen, wife of Louis XIV. Her extravagant lifestyle le…
Her extravagant lifestyle led to widespread unpopularity and,…
Louis XVI
Pushed out of monarchial power by several radicals. Tried to…
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier and statesman, fought alongside the colonists…
34 terms
European History Chapter 20 Industrial Revolution
Significance of IR
Origins of IR in England
Limitations of cottage industry
James Hargreaves
1. Rising standard of living for average person.... 2. Changes i…
1. Lots of colonies, abundance of raw materials.... 2. Coal depo…
Low quality... Unreliable workforce (the peasants essentially se…
Invented spinning jenny in 1765. The spinning jenny spun cott…
Significance of IR
1. Rising standard of living for average person.... 2. Changes i…
Origins of IR in England
1. Lots of colonies, abundance of raw materials.... 2. Coal depo…
22 terms
Chapter 20 - WWII European History
Spanish Civil War
General Francis Franco
Guernica
Anschluss
War between the Fascist Nationalists supported by Hitler and…
Spanish general and the dictator of Spain from 1939 to 1975.
Town in Spain bombed during the Spanish Civil War by the Germ…
The Unification of Austria and Nazi Germany.
Spanish Civil War
War between the Fascist Nationalists supported by Hitler and…
General Francis Franco
Spanish general and the dictator of Spain from 1939 to 1975.
14 terms
AP European History: Chapter 20 Review
a. nationalism
d. All of the above
b. free trade
b. Charter
The single most powerful ideology of the nineteenth century i…
During the nineteenth century, nationalists challenged the po…
Economic liberals favored:... a. protective tariffs... b. free trad…
Louis XVIII agreed to a constitution known as the:... a. Declara…
a. nationalism
The single most powerful ideology of the nineteenth century i…
d. All of the above
During the nineteenth century, nationalists challenged the po…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 20 Vocabulary
The belief that one is part of a natio…
The establishment of written constitut…
These were student associations that h…
Passed by Parliament in 1817, they tem…
nationalism
constitutionalism
Burschenschaften
Coercion Acts
The belief that one is part of a natio…
nationalism
The establishment of written constitut…
constitutionalism
22 terms
AP European History Vocabulary Chapter 20
Spanish Civil War
General Francisco Franco
Guernica
Anschluss
civil war in Spain in which General Franco succeeded in overt…
led the Nationalists in revolt during the Spanish Civil war a…
a Spanish town that was brutally bombed and was full of innoc…
The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupat…
Spanish Civil War
civil war in Spain in which General Franco succeeded in overt…
General Francisco Franco
led the Nationalists in revolt during the Spanish Civil war a…
37 terms
Chapter 20 Vocabulary AP European History
Capital
Flying Shuttle
Spinning Jenny
Water Frame
Material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and i…
The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn.…
A water-powered spinning frame developed by Richard Arkwright…
Capital
Material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
Flying Shuttle
It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and i…
19 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 Section 3
Edmund Burke
Mary Wollstonecraft
Declaration of Pillnitz
Legislative Assembly
He was a conservative British statesman who was troubled by t…
she was a passionate, young writer in London who wanted to be…
It was issued by Austrian and Prussian monarchs after Louis X…
This was the new representative body that convened in Paris i…
Edmund Burke
He was a conservative British statesman who was troubled by t…
Mary Wollstonecraft
she was a passionate, young writer in London who wanted to be…
20 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 Section 2
duke of Aiguillon
marquis de Condorcet
Olympe de Gouges
Vincent Oge
A powerful noble landowner who urged tax equality and elimina…
a liberal who accused legislators of depriving half of mankin…
a self-taught writer and woman of the people, she protested s…
He was a free man of color born in Saint-Domingue; he went to…
duke of Aiguillon
A powerful noble landowner who urged tax equality and elimina…
marquis de Condorcet
a liberal who accused legislators of depriving half of mankin…
32 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 Section 1
Louis XV
duke of Orleans
Rene de Maupeou
Madame de Pompadour
During his reign, the system of absolutism was challenged. He…
He was Louis XV's regent. He gave many institutions back the…
appointed as French chancellor in 1768 and ordered to elimina…
She was the daughter of a disgraced bourgeoisie financier and…
Louis XV
During his reign, the system of absolutism was challenged. He…
duke of Orleans
He was Louis XV's regent. He gave many institutions back the…
55 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 MC Options
The League of Nations condemned the Ja…
The term Anschluss refers to the _____…
In a secret agreement, signed in Augus…
Blitzkrieg means ________.
did nothing else of substance
union of Germany with Austria following the 1938 German invas…
the Soviet Union and Germany
lightening warfare, which is how Hitler hoped to win
The League of Nations condemned the Ja…
did nothing else of substance
The term Anschluss refers to the _____…
union of Germany with Austria following the 1938 German invas…
19 terms
European History - Chapter 20-1 (The Enlightenment)
What was the reason for the spark chan…
What was the age of Enlightenment?
What did Kepler come up with?
What did Galileo come up with?
The culture from the renaissance, the scientific revolution,…
It was when the greatest minds of the time promoted the use r…
The three laws of planetary motion
The motion of Pendulums, and the impact of gravity on falling…
What was the reason for the spark chan…
The culture from the renaissance, the scientific revolution,…
What was the age of Enlightenment?
It was when the greatest minds of the time promoted the use r…
16 terms
European History Chapter 20 Test
Reform Bills
Extraterritoriality
Direct rule
Indirect rule
A series of English laws slowly granting voting rights to mor…
A right gained by foreigners within another country to be hel…
The government of a nation being directly responsible for the…
A government of a colony being created and run by people nati…
Reform Bills
A series of English laws slowly granting voting rights to mor…
Extraterritoriality
A right gained by foreigners within another country to be hel…
13 terms
European History - Chapter 20-3 (Enlightened Despots)
Which French King hated the "Philosoph…
Which King and Queen loved Voltaire, a…
What were the 3 "Enlightenment Despoti…
What were Fredrick's Reforms?
King Louise the 14
It was King Fredrick the IInd of Prussia, and Czarina Catheri…
1) They had to have Religious Tolerance ... 2) They had to have…
a. He granted religious freedom to Catholics and Protestants,…
Which French King hated the "Philosoph…
King Louise the 14
Which King and Queen loved Voltaire, a…
It was King Fredrick the IInd of Prussia, and Czarina Catheri…
27 terms
AP European History - Chapter 20 People
King George III
John Locke
Voltaire
(General) Gage
Last monarch of England who possessed any real power. Was in…
Wrote that man should have natural rights. These are "life, l…
Believed in the equality of citizens (white males) in the eye…
English General who wished to suppress trouble in the colonie…
King George III
Last monarch of England who possessed any real power. Was in…
John Locke
Wrote that man should have natural rights. These are "life, l…
28 terms
AP European History Chapter 20 The Industrial Revolution
What earlier movements affected the de…
No part of England is more than ______…
What area of the British economy was t…
With which invention is James Hargreav…
The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
50
Textile
Spinning Jenny
What earlier movements affected the de…
The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
No part of England is more than ______…
50
AP European History: Chapter 20 Vocabulary
Industrial Revolution
Spinning Jenny
Water Frame
Steam Engines
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
A spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
A breakthrough invention by Thomas Savery in 1698 and Thomas…
Industrial Revolution
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
Spinning Jenny
A simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning machine created…
14 terms
AP European History - Chapter 20 Key Terms
Industrial Revolution
spinning jenny
water frame
steam engines
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
A simple, inexpensive, hand powered spinning machine created…
A spinning machine created by Richard Arkwright that had a ca…
A breakthrough invention by Thomas Savery in 1698 and Thomas…
Industrial Revolution
A term first coined in 1799 to describe the burst of major in…
spinning jenny
A simple, inexpensive, hand powered spinning machine created…
47 terms
Spielvogel AP European History Chapter 20
What were the chief sources of energy…
What were the chief sources of energy…
Where and when did the Industrial Revo…
How did John Marshall make his money?
Wind and water
Coal and steam
Britain in the 1750s
flax spinning
What were the chief sources of energy…
Wind and water
What were the chief sources of energy…
Coal and steam
AP European History Chapter 20 Ids
Estates
Bourgeoisie
Louis XV
Louis XIV
These were the three legal categories of France's people: the…
These were the comfortable members of the third estate. They…
He was the great-grandson of Louis XIV, whose regent was the…
He was succeeded by his 5 year old great grandson Louis XV. A…
Estates
These were the three legal categories of France's people: the…
Bourgeoisie
These were the comfortable members of the third estate. They…
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