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Study sets matching "change english"

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Study sets matching "change english"

Change English
Will
Can
Shall
May
Would
Could
Should/ would
Might
Will
Would
Can
Could
14 terms
English - Change
Deregulate
Decentralise
Degrade
downgrade
Déréglementer
Decentraliser
dégrader
rétrograder
Deregulate
Déréglementer
Decentralise
Decentraliser
51 terms
Change Management English-English
to achieve
to contribute
to downplay
to eliminate
to carry out successfully
to help sth to happen
to make sth seem less important
to remove sth that is not wanted
to achieve
to carry out successfully
to contribute
to help sth to happen
10 terms
Puzzle English - Change
for the world
change the subject
stay overnight
a change of clothes
ни за что
сменить тему разговора
переночевать
комплект одежды
for the world
ни за что
change the subject
сменить тему разговора
20 terms
English 11 Vocabulary 3: Change
evolve (verb)
immutable (adjective)
inveterate (adjective)
malleable (adjective)
To develop or achieve gradually
Unchangeable; not subject or susceptible to change
Firmly established and having existed for a long time; deep-r…
Capable of being shaped or formed, as by hammering or pressur…
evolve (verb)
To develop or achieve gradually
immutable (adjective)
Unchangeable; not subject or susceptible to change
12 terms
English language change theorists
Suzanne Romaine
Bex (1996)
Sharon Goodman (1996)
Harvey and Shalom
External and Internal history of language:... Internal: Formatio…
Generic labels=used to describe texts which have similar lang…
Sharon Goodman talks about two different aspects of language…
Taboo language.... Taboo language (curse words) has become more…
Suzanne Romaine
External and Internal history of language:... Internal: Formatio…
Bex (1996)
Generic labels=used to describe texts which have similar lang…
24 terms
English-changes
to bring about a change
to call for a change
to cope with a change
to lead to a change
Veränderung herbeiführen
eine Veränderung verlangen/erfordern
Veränderung umgehen
zu Veränderung führen
to bring about a change
Veränderung herbeiführen
to call for a change
eine Veränderung verlangen/erfordern
42 terms
English language- language change
Semantic shift
Amelioration
Pejoration
Broadening
How the meaning of words change
The meaning of a word becoming more positive over time
The meaning of a word becoming more negative over time
The meaning of a word becomes broader over time
Semantic shift
How the meaning of words change
Amelioration
The meaning of a word becoming more positive over time
changes in english
ere
soft!
hence/thence
hark, mark me
before
wait a minute
from here / from there
pay attention to me
ere
before
soft!
wait a minute
14 terms
English ~ Changes
Sweltering
Dire
Eventful
Luminous
So hot
Terrible
Full of events
Shining bright
Sweltering
So hot
Dire
Terrible
21 terms
Change Lingo (English-Korean)
Autumn
Summer
Spring
Winter
가을
여름
겨울
Autumn
가을
Summer
여름
12 terms
English language change theorists
Suzanne Romaine
Bex (1996)
Sharon Goodman (1996)
Harvey and Shalom
External and Internal history of language:... Internal: Formatio…
Generic labels=used to describe texts which have similar lang…
Sharon Goodman talks about two different aspects of language…
Taboo language.... Taboo language (curse words) has become more…
Suzanne Romaine
External and Internal history of language:... Internal: Formatio…
Bex (1996)
Generic labels=used to describe texts which have similar lang…
19 terms
Language change: History of English and standardisation
Caxton
Mulcaster
Shakespeare
Johnson
He introduced printing to England in 1476.
In 1580s he wrote supporting the use of English; produced ear…
Playwright; part of the 'golden age' of English literature; h…
He published the first modern dictionary in 1755.
Caxton
He introduced printing to England in 1476.
Mulcaster
In 1580s he wrote supporting the use of English; produced ear…
100 terms
Climate change English - Hungarian
global
climate changes
greenhouse gases
greenhouse effect
globális
a klímaváltozás
üvegházhatású gázok
üvegházhatás
global
globális
climate changes
a klímaváltozás
5 terms
Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change, English
greenhouse
greenhouse effect
atmosphere
greenhouse gases
a building that gardeners build to keep plants warm; it traps…
an effect in which the earth's atmosphere functions like the…
the gases that surround and protect the earth, making it poss…
gases in the atmosphere that trap and magnify the sun's heat.
greenhouse
a building that gardeners build to keep plants warm; it traps…
greenhouse effect
an effect in which the earth's atmosphere functions like the…
100 terms
Climate change English - Hungarian
global
climate changes
greenhouse gases
greenhouse effect
globális
a klímaváltozás
üvegházhatású gázok
üvegházhatás
global
globális
climate changes
a klímaváltozás
30 terms
English Language change terminology
Affixation
Creation
Neologisms
Coinage
Modifying an existing word by adding a morpheme to the beginn…
Word that has no link to an existing word
New words that have been created
The creation of words that is completely new and not derived…
Affixation
Modifying an existing word by adding a morpheme to the beginn…
Creation
Word that has no link to an existing word
310 terms
English - Unit 3 - Change
to change
a change
change (uncountable)
to move
changer
un changement
de la monnaie
bouger
to change
changer
a change
un changement
19 terms
English language change terminology.
Overt prestige
Covert prestige.
Borrowing
Acronym
Adopting a standard form of English.
Subverting to the standard form.
Taking from another language.
Using letters of words to make a word.
Overt prestige
Adopting a standard form of English.
Covert prestige.
Subverting to the standard form.
7 terms
English Language- Semantic Change
Broadening
Narrowing
Amelioration
Pejoration
Definition: The meaning of a word broadens so that it retains…
Definition: The opposite of broadening, a word becomes more s…
Definition: A word acquires a more pleasant and more positive…
Definition: The opposite of amelioration, a word acquires a l…
Broadening
Definition: The meaning of a word broadens so that it retains…
Narrowing
Definition: The opposite of broadening, a word becomes more s…
85 terms
english, change and technology
adapt
adjust
alternate
alternative
to change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a…
to change something slightly in order to make it better, more…
if one thing alternates with another, it happens after it and…
something that you can choose instead of something else
adapt
to change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a…
adjust
to change something slightly in order to make it better, more…
17 terms
English language change terminology.
Narrowing
Broadening
Diachronic
Synchronic
Word becomes more specific in its meaning e.g. Wife.
Word keeps original meaning but acquires others e.g. A broad…
Refers to study of historical language change occurring over…
Approach that studies language at theoretical point in time.
Narrowing
Word becomes more specific in its meaning e.g. Wife.
Broadening
Word keeps original meaning but acquires others e.g. A broad…
43 terms
English Language Change
Standardisation
Prescriptivism
Assimilation
Informalisation
Part of SPAID, started in the 1700's as more people were educ…
Part of SPAID, attitude to language that says things should s…
Part of SPAID, linked with phonological change and the way le…
Part of SPAID, shows the formality of the text and this forma…
Standardisation
Part of SPAID, started in the 1700's as more people were educ…
Prescriptivism
Part of SPAID, attitude to language that says things should s…
39 terms
English Language, Language Change
Acronym
Affix
Archaism
Assimilation
A lexicalised word made up from initial letters (sounded as a…
Additing morphemes to the front or back of existing words…
Old word or phrase no longer in general use
One sound affects other sounds close by e.g 'don't you' -…
Acronym
A lexicalised word made up from initial letters (sounded as a…
Affix
Additing morphemes to the front or back of existing words…
10 terms
English 11 Vocab 3 - Change
evolve
immutable
inveterate
malleable
(v.) to develop or achieve gradually
(adj.) unchangeable; not subject or suspectible to change
(adj.) firmly established and having existed for a long time,…
(adj.) capable of being shaped or formed, as by hammering or…
evolve
(v.) to develop or achieve gradually
immutable
(adj.) unchangeable; not subject or suspectible to change
42 terms
English Language : Language Change
Eponyms
Inflections
Conversion
Cliché
Words that are derived from names
Adding bits to the end of words
Word changes function
Overused language which loses its originality
Eponyms
Words that are derived from names
Inflections
Adding bits to the end of words
44 terms
English Language- Language change
Acronym
Affix
Archaism
Assimilation
A word made up from initial letters sounded as a word e.g. RA…
Adding morphemes to the front or back of existing words e.g.…
Old word or phrase no longer in general use
One sound affects other sounds close by
Acronym
A word made up from initial letters sounded as a word e.g. RA…
Affix
Adding morphemes to the front or back of existing words e.g.…
English Language - CHANGE dates
449 AD
597 AD
787 AD
886 AD
Old English - Invasion by Angles, Saxons and Jutes brought Ge…
Old English - Christianity brought to Britain creating a Lati…
Old English - Viking raids begin bringing the Nordic languages.
Old English - Danelaw boundaries created generating accent di…
449 AD
Old English - Invasion by Angles, Saxons and Jutes brought Ge…
597 AD
Old English - Christianity brought to Britain creating a Lati…
10 terms
English: Climate Change: The Facts
How does the writer structure her arti…
How does the writer use scientific ter…
How does the writer try to persuade he…
How does the writer try to make the ex…
Using key questions... These are written in bold writing and act…
They use them sparingly and usually try to explain them... Expla…
By using emotive and colourful language... 'global warming has b…
By using straightforward, direct language... The first sentence…
How does the writer structure her arti…
Using key questions... These are written in bold writing and act…
How does the writer use scientific ter…
They use them sparingly and usually try to explain them... Expla…
23 terms
English lang change
Reasons for language change
Prescriptivism
Descriptivism
Convergence/Divergence
Technology (Internet)... Foreign influences (American film/chang…
dictate how language should be used and want language to rema…
Accept language change is inevitable and accept change
Conform to more dialectical lexis to fit in or show separatio…
Reasons for language change
Technology (Internet)... Foreign influences (American film/chang…
Prescriptivism
dictate how language should be used and want language to rema…
32 terms
English Language Change.
Coineages
Lexical Change
Orthographical Change
Phonological Change
Neologisms
Changes of words in languages
Change in spelling
Changing of the mouth and sounds
Coineages
Neologisms
Lexical Change
Changes of words in languages
10 terms
English Language and change
Prescriptivism (Prescriptivist)
Desccriptivism (Descriptivist)
Synchronic change
Diachronic change
Someone who is against language change and thinks it should b…
Someone who is open to and welcomes language change, or encou…
The study of language change at a particular moment in time
The historical development of language
Prescriptivism (Prescriptivist)
Someone who is against language change and thinks it should b…
Desccriptivism (Descriptivist)
Someone who is open to and welcomes language change, or encou…
31 terms
English Climate Change
world leaders
to protest
a march
to carry
les leaders mondiaux
protester
une marche (sens militaire du terme ≠ a walk)
porter
world leaders
les leaders mondiaux
to protest
protester
15 terms
Advanced English Reading 4: Food Change
spoilage
sealing
means
condensing
부패, 변질
밀봉
수단, 방법
응결, 응축, 농축
spoilage
부패, 변질
sealing
밀봉
18 terms
English Language - Language Change
Coinage
Borrowing
Compounding
Clipping
The deliberate creation of a new word. E.g. muggle
Borrowing of words/concepts from other languages. E.g. croiss…
Words are combined together to form new words. E.g. manbag, c…
Words are shortened and the shortened form becomes the norm.…
Coinage
The deliberate creation of a new word. E.g. muggle
Borrowing
Borrowing of words/concepts from other languages. E.g. croiss…
17 terms
Change in English Language
Elision
Insertion
Assimilation
Symmetry of change
Sounds left out e.g. library
Extra sounds e.g. umbrella
Sounds modified by neighbours e.g. handbag
Change to the whole sound system caused by one vowel
Elision
Sounds left out e.g. library
Insertion
Extra sounds e.g. umbrella
17 terms
Language Change Timeline - English
1066 - Norman Conquest
1450 - Great Vowel Shift
1476 - Caxton and The Printing Press
1526 -Tyndale's Bible
Latin brought in from French.... French borrowings.
Changed how vowels were produced
Started standardisation as uniformity was needed to make mone…
Translated bible from latin to english making it more accessi…
1066 - Norman Conquest
Latin brought in from French.... French borrowings.
1450 - Great Vowel Shift
Changed how vowels were produced
27 terms
English Language - Language Change
Dwight Bollinger (1980)
Labov ' Martha's Vineyard Research' (…
Donald Mackinnon (1996)
The printing press
Highlighted the increasing use of euphemisms in advertising.…
We subconsciously change our language to identify ourselves w…
Categorises the attitudes people have to language use: ... Incor…
It was introduced in 1476 by William Caxton ... Emergence of an…
Dwight Bollinger (1980)
Highlighted the increasing use of euphemisms in advertising.…
Labov ' Martha's Vineyard Research' (…
We subconsciously change our language to identify ourselves w…
13 terms
Lexical change in English
Borrowing
Scientific Progress
Affixation
Compounding
Borrowing a word from another language
Advances in science that cause new words to be introduced int…
Where prefixes or suffixes are added to existing words e.g hy…
Combining 2 separate words to create one new one e.g thumbprint
Borrowing
Borrowing a word from another language
Scientific Progress
Advances in science that cause new words to be introduced int…
9 terms
English Language Change
Zoe Williams
Jonathan Swift
John Humphries
Matthew Engel
Sees slang as misogynistic
Wanted to fix language and stop change, 18th century prescrip…
English language has become obese
Thinks Americanisms have invaded English and taken control aw…
Zoe Williams
Sees slang as misogynistic
Jonathan Swift
Wanted to fix language and stop change, 18th century prescrip…
9 terms
ENGLISH CHANGE KEY DATES
What year did the German Saxons invade?
What year did the Vikings invade?
What year did William The Conqueror in…
What battle happened in 1066?
5 Century AD
7/8th Century AD
1066
Battle of Hastings
What year did the German Saxons invade?
5 Century AD
What year did the Vikings invade?
7/8th Century AD
19 terms
English Terms Unit 1: Moments of Change
memoir
first person point of view
point of view
composition
a form of creative nonfiction, a 1st person narrative, in whi…
Narration that comes directly through the person telling the…
The perspective a narrator takes in a writing piece, such as…
Structure of writing that includes main idea, examples, and o…
memoir
a form of creative nonfiction, a 1st person narrative, in whi…
first person point of view
Narration that comes directly through the person telling the…
37 terms
English Language Change
Neologisms
Borrowing
Affixation
Compounding
New words
Loaning a word from another language
new prefixes/ suffixes have been added
Two separate words joining together e.g. handbag
Neologisms
New words
Borrowing
Loaning a word from another language
History of English & Lexical Change
Proto-Indo-European
Romans
Factors that motivate language change
Lineage PDE
Language family, ancestor of Indo-European languages, includi…
43 AD, Latin influence in religion, education, plants, domest…
1. Language contact -> borrowing, prestige determines which l…
Proto-Indo-European -> Germanic -> West -> Anglo-Frisian -> E…
Proto-Indo-European
Language family, ancestor of Indo-European languages, includi…
Romans
43 AD, Latin influence in religion, education, plants, domest…
31 terms
Dates for English Language Change
450
680
886
1066
Oldest known Old English- Mercian
Beowulf- oldest known Old English book
creation of the Danelaw boundaries- accent
William the Conqueror wins the Battle of Hastings- 10,000 new…
450
Oldest known Old English- Mercian
680
Beowulf- oldest known Old English book
20 terms
English Language change
Obsolete
Archaism
Borrowing
Coinage/neologism
words that are no longer used
words that are no longer used but are still known
taking words from other languages eg chocolate
creation of a new word eg reem
Obsolete
words that are no longer used
Archaism
words that are no longer used but are still known
8 terms
English Change Theories
Lexical gaps
Hockett
Labov
Functional theory
A word will be invented, converted or borrowed in order to fi…
Random Fluctuation Theory - random errors / language's instab…
Substratum Theory - language changes through contact with oth…
Language changes to the needs of its users
Lexical gaps
A word will be invented, converted or borrowed in order to fi…
Hockett
Random Fluctuation Theory - random errors / language's instab…
46 terms
ENGLISH LANGUAGE - CHANGE
STANDARDISATION
MIXED-MODE
DIACHRONIC CHANGE
SYNCHRONIC CHANGE
Making all variations of language conform to the standard lan…
Features of printed text combined with features expected in c…
Refers to the study of historical language change occurring o…
Refers to an approach that studies language at a theoretical…
STANDARDISATION
Making all variations of language conform to the standard lan…
MIXED-MODE
Features of printed text combined with features expected in c…
10 terms
English Vocab (Change)
Evolve
Immutable
Inveterate
Malleable
To develop or achieve gradually
Not subject or susceptible to change
Firmly established by having existed for a long time; long-st…
Capable of being altered or influenced; tractable
Evolve
To develop or achieve gradually
Immutable
Not subject or susceptible to change
31 terms
English Language Change
Functional Theory- Definition
Functional Theory- Evidence
Functional Theory- Criticisms
Substratum Theory- Definition
Language changes according to the needs of its users. Words b…
Where there is a need for a word there is usually a new creat…
Whilst the functional theory tells us language changes over t…
When other languages or dialects come into contact with Engli…
Functional Theory- Definition
Language changes according to the needs of its users. Words b…
Functional Theory- Evidence
Where there is a need for a word there is usually a new creat…
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