Study sets matching "chapt 11 genetics"

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Study sets matching "chapt 11 genetics"

42 terms
Genetics 312 Chapter 11
11.1... Gene Regulation
Perception
Response
Type of protein-DNA interaction #1
Is the process of turning genes on and off.
Must be able to recognize environmental conditions to determi…
Must be able to toggle gene expression on or off, ... like a swi…
Promoter
11.1... Gene Regulation
Is the process of turning genes on and off.
Perception
Must be able to recognize environmental conditions to determi…
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
homologous
diploid (2n)
haploid (n)
chromosomes
each of the four chromosomes from the male parent has a corre…
A cell that contains both sets of the homologous chromosomes…
contain only an single set of chromosomes and therefore a sin…
single strand of DNA
homologous
each of the four chromosomes from the male parent has a corre…
diploid (2n)
A cell that contains both sets of the homologous chromosomes…
Chapter 11 Bio Genetics
Trait
original pair of parents
Offspring of OG parents
offspring of F1
A specific characteristic of an individual
Parental generation (P)
First Filial generation (F1)
F2
Trait
A specific characteristic of an individual
original pair of parents
Parental generation (P)
38 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
features of DNA strand
conservative model
semiconservative model
dispersive model
double helix, nucleotides are the building blocks, helix is h…
parent strands remain together and daughter strand remain tog…
newly made double stranded DNA contains one parental and one…
parental and daughter strands are interspersed in both strand…
features of DNA strand
double helix, nucleotides are the building blocks, helix is h…
conservative model
parent strands remain together and daughter strand remain tog…
27 terms
genetics chapter 11 science
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Biology Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Cytogenetics genetics chapter 11
Cytogenetics
Euchromatin
Heterochromatin
Telomeres
focuses on chromosome variations
contains more protein encoding genes
is darkly staining, contains mostly repetitive DNA
are located at the ends of the chromosomes. It contain hundre…
Cytogenetics
focuses on chromosome variations
Euchromatin
contains more protein encoding genes
22 terms
Biology Chapter 11: Genetics
dominate traits
recessive trait
gene
allele
the trait that always show up in the organism when it is pres…
the trait is hidden when a dominate trait is present
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
one of a number of different forms of a gene
dominate traits
the trait that always show up in the organism when it is pres…
recessive trait
the trait is hidden when a dominate trait is present
59 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
The specific characteristic that varies from one individual t…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different trait…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
true-breeding
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
40 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Self Pollination
True Breeding
Cross Pollination
Homologous Pairs
When a plant pollinates a different flower on the same plant
When an organism breeds with an organism of the same traits t…
When a plant is pollinated by another plant
Chromosomes that come in pairs, one form the mom and one from…
Self Pollination
When a plant pollinates a different flower on the same plant
True Breeding
When an organism breeds with an organism of the same traits t…
17 terms
Chapter 11 Intro to genetics
Blending Theory
Particular theory
Self-fertilized
Cross-fertilized
the theory that the younger generation will have a perfect mi…
Pea plant contains 2 discrete heredity fators, 1 from each pa…
fertilize inside ones own body (has eggs and sperm)
literal meaning: pollinating plants with polen from other pla…
Blending Theory
the theory that the younger generation will have a perfect mi…
Particular theory
Pea plant contains 2 discrete heredity fators, 1 from each pa…
77 terms
Genetics Chapter 11 Chromosome Structure
Shape of bacterial chromosomes
plasmids
nucleoid
organization of prokaryotic chromosome
circular
DNA molecules that carry nonessential genes (found in bacteria)
region of densely packed bacterial and archaeal chromosomes
series of tight loops
Shape of bacterial chromosomes
circular
plasmids
DNA molecules that carry nonessential genes (found in bacteria)
Genetics Chapter 11
In E. coli, which terms accurately ref…
Given that the origin of replication i…
DNA replication in vivo requires a pri…
DNA polymerase III adds nucleotides
bidirectional and fixed point of initiation
The region called oriC in encoded by repeating sequences of 9…
RNA provides this 3' end. Primase synthesizes a short RNA pri…
to the 3' end of the RNA primer.
In E. coli, which terms accurately ref…
bidirectional and fixed point of initiation
Given that the origin of replication i…
The region called oriC in encoded by repeating sequences of 9…
31 terms
Genetics Chapter 11: Cardiovascular Disorders
How many people in the US have CV dise…
CV Disease
Coronary Artery Disease and Hypertensi…
Atherosclerosis and CAD (Coronary Arte…
81,100,000 people
runs in families
are multifactorial disorders
-major cause of CAD is atherosclerosis, which is caused by fa…
How many people in the US have CV dise…
81,100,000 people
CV Disease
runs in families
Chapter 11 - Genetics
Why did Mendel cover the male reproduc…
Mendel's hypothesis that reprod. cells…
Approx. how many seeds did Mendel coll…
A heterozygous organism is best descri…
Because he wanted to prevent self pollination
Haploid cells are produced by meiosis
6000-8000
Hybrid
Why did Mendel cover the male reproduc…
Because he wanted to prevent self pollination
Mendel's hypothesis that reprod. cells…
Haploid cells are produced by meiosis
58 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
The specific characteristic that varies from one individual t…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different trait…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity (11-1)
true-breeding
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
chapter 11 Genetics 300
supercoiling
positive supercoiling
relaxed state (B-DNA)
negative supercoiling
coiled tertiary structure formed when strain is placed on the…
over rotation
10 bp per turn in its helix so 100 bp would produce about 10…
under rotated, so less than 10 bp per turn
supercoiling
coiled tertiary structure formed when strain is placed on the…
positive supercoiling
over rotation
29 terms
Chapter 11: Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to ident…
Phenotype
Alleles
Genotype
-Genes are material... -Genes are paired... -Genetic material is co…
any physiological feature, bodily characteristic, or behavior…
Alternative forms of genes
Genetic makeup; alleles in organism
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to ident…
-Genes are material... -Genes are paired... -Genetic material is co…
Phenotype
any physiological feature, bodily characteristic, or behavior…
7 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
15 terms
Genetics chapter 11
The data obtained from the Meselson-St…
Which enzyme catalyzes the addition of…
Which of the following statements abou…
In the Meselson-Stahl experiment, whic…
false
DNA polymerase
Single‑strand binding proteins stabilize the open conformatio…
conservative
The data obtained from the Meselson-St…
false
Which enzyme catalyzes the addition of…
DNA polymerase
27 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Allele
Codominance
Crossing-Over
Diploid
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles ar…
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Codominance
Situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles ar…
27 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
31 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The scientific study of heredity that applies to all living o…
the process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
a specific characteristic (height, hair color, skin color, et…
the offspring crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity that applies to all living o…
Fertilization
the process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join.
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Allele
Genes
Law of Segregation
Hybrid
one of a number of different genes. Each gene has 2
chemical factors that determines traits
Alleles separate from each other so only one allele from each…
offspring of crosses from parents with different traits
Allele
one of a number of different genes. Each gene has 2
Genes
chemical factors that determines traits
Genetics Chapter 11 Powerpoint
Function of supercoiling
Bacterial Chromosome
Euchcromatin
Heterochromatin
Packing of DNA within cell... helps with unwinding for replicati…
single cicular DNA molecule... nucleoid region... stablized by prot…
various condensing throughout cell cycle
very condensed throughout cell cycle
Function of supercoiling
Packing of DNA within cell... helps with unwinding for replicati…
Bacterial Chromosome
single cicular DNA molecule... nucleoid region... stablized by prot…
12 terms
Chapter 11 Intro to Genetics
gamete
diploid
haploid
genetics
another name for reproductive cell; sex cell
full set of chromosomes; the 2N number
half set of chromosomes; the N number
branch of Biology that studies heredity
gamete
another name for reproductive cell; sex cell
diploid
full set of chromosomes; the 2N number
[Science]: Chapter 11 -- Genetics
What is a character trait?
What are the factors responsible for c…
What is a chromosome?
What is chromatin?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
a structure formed from chromatin( a group of substances (DNA…
a group of substances (DNA + protein) that do not divide.
What is a character trait?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
What are the factors responsible for c…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
52 terms
genetics chapter 11
What is a protein composed of?
how man amino acids are found in prote…
What does an amino acid consist of?
How are amino acids linked together?
amino acids linked end to end
20
a central atom bonded to an amino group, a hydrogen atom, a c…
by peptide bonds.
What is a protein composed of?
amino acids linked end to end
how man amino acids are found in prote…
20
20 terms
Chapter 11- Intro to Genetics
Genetics:
Fertilization:
Trait:
Gene:
The scientific study of heredity.
male and female gametes join to produce a new cell
a specific characteristic, such as brown hair
Section of chromosomes that determines a single trait
Genetics:
The scientific study of heredity.
Fertilization:
male and female gametes join to produce a new cell
13 terms
Chapter 11.1 Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Passing characteristics from parents to offspring.
The scientific study of heredity.
The joining of male and female reproductive cells during sexu…
A specific characteristic. (Example: Eye color, hair color, e…
Heredity
Passing characteristics from parents to offspring.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
20 terms
Bio Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
allele
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A genetically determined characteristic
one of a number of different forms of a gene
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
43 terms
Human Genetics: Chapter 11 - 2015
Fetal hemoglobin carries _______ perce…
Development of the pancreas in an embr…
90% of all hemoglobin is adult hemoglo…
Removing methyl groups tends to increa…
20-30
a transcription factor stimulates progenitor cells to give ri…
four months after birth
true
Fetal hemoglobin carries _______ perce…
20-30
Development of the pancreas in an embr…
a transcription factor stimulates progenitor cells to give ri…
24 terms
chapter 11 intro to genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
The scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Chapter 11 Introduction to genetics
genetics
trait
hybrid
gene
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species o…
(in informal use) a unit of heredity that is transferred from…
genetics
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
trait
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
46 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
stated particles which we now call chr…
father of genetics
trait
heredity
Gregor Mendel?
Gregor Mendel is referred to as...
What is any characteristic that can be passed from parent to…
What is the passing of traits from parent to offspring called ?
stated particles which we now call chr…
Gregor Mendel?
father of genetics
Gregor Mendel is referred to as...
8 terms
Chapter 11-1 Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
The scientific study of heredity.
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
The specific characteristic that varies from one individual t…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
true-breeding
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
39 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The scientific study of heredity. This is the key to understa…
The process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
A specific characteristic of an individual.
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity. This is the key to understa…
Fertilization
The process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
23 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Homologous
Independent Assortment
Codominance
Incomplete Dominance
refers to chromosomes that have a corresponding chromosome fr…
separation of genes during the formation of gametes
situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to the p…
when one allele is not dominant over the other
Homologous
refers to chromosomes that have a corresponding chromosome fr…
Independent Assortment
separation of genes during the formation of gametes
39 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Allele
homozygous
heterozygous
True breeding
alternate forms that a gene can take
all alleles are the same
alleles are different
homozygous
Allele
alternate forms that a gene can take
homozygous
all alleles are the same
14 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
Epigenetic Change
Hemoglobin
Proteomics
Chromatin Remodeling (Control of Gene…
Changes to the chemical groups that associate with DNA that a…
Has 4 globular polypeptide chains:... Two alpha chains= 141 amin…
Track all proteins made in a cell, tissue, gland, organ, or e…
"On/Off" switch; Expose DNA when and where it is to be transc…
Epigenetic Change
Changes to the chemical groups that associate with DNA that a…
Hemoglobin
Has 4 globular polypeptide chains:... Two alpha chains= 141 amin…
Chapter 11 and 12 Genetics
helicase
origin of replication
supercoils both positive and negative
histones
unzips the DNA
the starting point for replication
how the DNA has to condense to fit into the nucleus; negative…
positively charged proteins that help DNA fold
helicase
unzips the DNA
origin of replication
the starting point for replication
Chapter 11 Genetics Mastering
What are the two principal mechanisms…
How many total polypeptide chains woul…
Assume that the DNA associated with a…
Referring to the image, there appears…
Super coiling and folding into loops
8
~54
Since there are 13 nucleosome core particles connected by 12…
What are the two principal mechanisms…
Super coiling and folding into loops
How many total polypeptide chains woul…
8
16 terms
Biology chapter 11 genetics flashcards
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
the scientific study of heredity, it is also what defies what…
When male and female reproductive cells come together to prod…
A specific characteristic of an organism
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the scientific study of heredity, it is also what defies what…
fertilization
When male and female reproductive cells come together to prod…
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