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Study sets matching "chapt 11 genetics"

10 terms
Chapter 11 DNA and Genetics
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase demons…
DNA, the ____________________, is comp…
The zipper-shaped strands of DNA are c…
Adenine can only pair with _________.…
a. DNA... b. carrier
a. genetic material of organisms ... b. offspring
a. double helix... b. zipper band
a. Thyamine , Cytosine... b. Guanine, Adenine
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase demons…
a. DNA... b. carrier
DNA, the ____________________, is comp…
a. genetic material of organisms ... b. offspring
19 terms
Chapter 11 - Genetics
What is a Mono-hybrid cross
What is a dihybrid cross?
What is the blending concept?
What did Mendel conclude about the ble…
1 trait is being crossed on each side
2 traits are being crossed on both sides
Mix of parent traits... -some traits(height\skin color)
He concluded that it was wrong by doing the monoybrid cross
What is a Mono-hybrid cross
1 trait is being crossed on each side
What is a dihybrid cross?
2 traits are being crossed on both sides
239 terms
[Science]: Chapter 11 -- Genetics
What is a character trait?
What are the factors responsible for c…
What is a chromosome?
What is chromatin?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
a structure formed from chromatin( a group of substances (DNA…
a group of substances (DNA + protein) that do not divide.
What is a character trait?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
What are the factors responsible for c…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
56 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
Why does dsDNA need to be carefully pa…
how many bp are in the e coli genome?
how many bp are in the human genome?
how long would a human genome be if it…
the length of DNA in a cell is much longer than the cell
4.6 million
3.2 billion
2 meters
Why does dsDNA need to be carefully pa…
the length of DNA in a cell is much longer than the cell
how many bp are in the e coli genome?
4.6 million
21 terms
Chapter 11 - Genetics
Why did Mendel cover the male reproduc…
Mendel's hypothesis that reprod. cells…
Approx. how many seeds did Mendel coll…
A heterozygous organism is best descri…
Because he wanted to prevent self pollination
Haploid cells are produced by meiosis
6000-8000
Hybrid
Why did Mendel cover the male reproduc…
Because he wanted to prevent self pollination
Mendel's hypothesis that reprod. cells…
Haploid cells are produced by meiosis
29 terms
Chapter 11: Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to ident…
Phenotype
Alleles
Genotype
-Genes are material... -Genes are paired... -Genetic material is co…
any physiological feature, bodily characteristic, or behavior…
Alternative forms of genes
Genetic makeup; alleles in organism
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to ident…
-Genes are material... -Genes are paired... -Genetic material is co…
Phenotype
any physiological feature, bodily characteristic, or behavior…
20 terms
Bio Chapter 11 Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
allele
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A genetically determined characteristic
one of a number of different forms of a gene
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
...
...
...
...
Genetics
...
Fertilization
...
13 terms
Chapter 11.1 Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Passing characteristics from parents to offspring.
The scientific study of heredity.
The joining of male and female reproductive cells during sexu…
A specific characteristic. (Example: Eye color, hair color, e…
Heredity
Passing characteristics from parents to offspring.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Chapter 11 Introduction to genetics
genetics
trait
hybrid
gene
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species o…
(in informal use) a unit of heredity that is transferred from…
genetics
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredi…
trait
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
71 terms
Genetics: Chapter 11
Coservative model
Semiconservative model
Dispersive model
Mathew Meselson and Franklin Stahl gre…
both parental strands stay together after DNA replication
the double stranded DNA contains one parental and one daughte…
parental and daughter DNA are interspersed in both strands fo…
15N; 14N
Coservative model
both parental strands stay together after DNA replication
Semiconservative model
the double stranded DNA contains one parental and one daughte…
26 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
4 criteria for genetic material to ful…
Griffith's experiment
What was occuring when the DNA from ba…
Explain how the IIR line can mutate
1. Information - able to construct an entire organism... 2. Tra…
Streptococcus pneumoniae - polysaccharide capsule provides pr…
Transformation of dead bacteria
- IIR and IIS can mutate back and forth ... but a IIR cell line…
4 criteria for genetic material to ful…
1. Information - able to construct an entire organism... 2. Tra…
Griffith's experiment
Streptococcus pneumoniae - polysaccharide capsule provides pr…
27 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
the process during sexual reproduction in which male and fema…
organisms that can produce organisms identical to themselves…
a specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
the process during sexual reproduction in which male and fema…
20 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
Chapter 11: genetics
Three functionally significant types o…
DnaA boxes
GATC methylation sites
DNA adenine methyltransferase (dam)
AT-rich region ... DnaA boxes... GATC methylation sites
DnaA proteins bind to DnaA box sequences/ each other ... the Dna…
involved in regulating replication- need to ensure only one r…
Methylates the A on both strands- initiation of replication o…
Three functionally significant types o…
AT-rich region ... DnaA boxes... GATC methylation sites
DnaA boxes
DnaA proteins bind to DnaA box sequences/ each other ... the Dna…
8 terms
Chapter 11-1 Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrid
The scientific study of heredity.
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
The specific characteristic that varies from one individual t…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
true-breeding
The term used to describe organisms that produce offspring id…
68 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
1. Which of the following is not true…
2. How many complete rotations would m…
3. How many complete rotations would m…
4. How many complete rotations would m…
c. Has less than 10 bp per turn of its helix.
d. 15
b. 5
c. 10
1. Which of the following is not true…
c. Has less than 10 bp per turn of its helix.
2. How many complete rotations would m…
d. 15
39 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
27 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Allele
Codominance
Crossing-Over
Diploid
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles ar…
Process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Codominance
Situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles ar…
27 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Ferilization
Trait
Hybrid
Genetic makeup of an organism.
Process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Specific characteristic of an individual.
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
Genetics
Genetic makeup of an organism.
Ferilization
Process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Genetics Chapter 11
Who is Gregor Johann Mendel?
Scientific name for pea plants
Explain what Pisum sativum is and the…
How can Selfing be prevented?
An Australian Monk who worked with pea plants. He worked with…
Pisum sativum
Pea plants are eukaryotic diploid angiosperms and produce 2n…
Remove the pistil
Who is Gregor Johann Mendel?
An Australian Monk who worked with pea plants. He worked with…
Scientific name for pea plants
Pisum sativum
20 terms
Chapter 11 Living Environment Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The scientific study of heredity.
The male and female reproductive cells join to produce a new…
A specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Fertilization
The male and female reproductive cells join to produce a new…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Allele
Genes
Law of Segregation
Hybrid
one of a number of different genes. Each gene has 2
chemical factors that determines traits
Alleles separate from each other so only one allele from each…
offspring of crosses from parents with different traits
Allele
one of a number of different genes. Each gene has 2
Genes
chemical factors that determines traits
20 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
True-breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristics that varies from one individual to a…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
115 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
In bacteria and viruses most of the DN…
In bacteria and viruses, Single ______…
In bacteria and viruses, Largely devoi…
In bacteria and viruses, Chromosomes a…
functional proteins
nucleic acid
associated proteins:
fewer nucleotides
In bacteria and viruses most of the DN…
functional proteins
In bacteria and viruses, Single ______…
nucleic acid
34 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
the scientific study of heredity
the process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
a specific characteristic (height, hair color, skin color, et…
the offspring crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
the process where male and female reproductive cells join dur…
18 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
way to twist DNA so that it occupies l…
enzymes that add or remove rotations t…
DNA plus the associated proteins
type of chromatin that can be condense…
supercoiling
topoisomerases
chromatin
euchromatin
way to twist DNA so that it occupies l…
supercoiling
enzymes that add or remove rotations t…
topoisomerases
15 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
Two types of DNA-protein interactions…
Descrive positive and negative regulat…
Explain how allosteric effectors can a…
Does the operator act in cis or trans
promotoer - determines where transcription begins, RNA polyme…
positive regulation - presence of the bound protein is requir…
binds to the allosteric site of the regulatory protein that i…
cis
Two types of DNA-protein interactions…
promotoer - determines where transcription begins, RNA polyme…
Descrive positive and negative regulat…
positive regulation - presence of the bound protein is requir…
Mendelian Genetics (chapter 11)
alleles
recessive
homozygous
codominance
different forms of a gene
gene that is expressed only in the homozygous condition
having two of the same alleles for a trait
both versions of the trait are expressed together; ex - speck…
alleles
different forms of a gene
recessive
gene that is expressed only in the homozygous condition
37 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join.
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
20 terms
Chapter 11- Intro to Genetics
Genetics:
Fertilization:
Trait:
Gene:
The scientific study of heredity.
male and female gametes join to produce a new cell
a specific characteristic, such as brown hair
Section of chromosomes that determines a single trait
Genetics:
The scientific study of heredity.
Fertilization:
male and female gametes join to produce a new cell
19 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
The ? and ? molecular structure of DNA…
The ? structure of DNA and associated…
DNA's tertiary structure must be ? and…
The ? of an organism doesn't necessari…
primary, secondary
tertiary
flexible, dynamic, packed, tightly condensed, de-condensed
complexity, amount of DNA
The ? and ? molecular structure of DNA…
primary, secondary
The ? structure of DNA and associated…
tertiary
39 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
24 terms
chapter 11 intro to genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
The scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
46 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
stated particles which we now call chr…
father of genetics
trait
heredity
Gregor Mendel?
Gregor Mendel is referred to as...
What is any characteristic that can be passed from parent to…
What is the passing of traits from parent to offspring called ?
stated particles which we now call chr…
Gregor Mendel?
father of genetics
Gregor Mendel is referred to as...
31 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The scientific study of heredity. This is the key to understa…
The process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
A specific characteristic of an individual.
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity. This is the key to understa…
Fertilization
The process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
19 terms
Genetics: Biology Chapter 11
genetics
trait
gene
allele
the scientific study of heredity
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
Different forms of a gene
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
trait
a specific characteristic of an individual
20 terms
genetics chapter 11
Where are bacterial chromosomes locate…
You have isolated DNA from actively re…
You have isolated DNA for PCR and acci…
A bacterium inherits a mutation that r…
nucleoid
DNA would be highly supercoiled and would be found in the ban…
The DNA would show decreased supercoiling and have a lower el…
The cell would accumulate broken DNA because overwinding cann…
Where are bacterial chromosomes locate…
nucleoid
You have isolated DNA from actively re…
DNA would be highly supercoiled and would be found in the ban…
81 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics Study Guide
1. What are hybrids
2. How did Mendel conclude that traits…
3. If true breeding tall plants were c…
4. If in the P generation tall plants…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Mendel's first conclusion was that biological inheritance is…
The allele for tall plants is dominant.
That each F1 plant carried two types of gametes: one with an…
1. What are hybrids
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
2. How did Mendel conclude that traits…
Mendel's first conclusion was that biological inheritance is…
23 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Homologous
Independent Assortment
Codominance
Incomplete Dominance
refers to chromosomes that have a corresponding chromosome fr…
separation of genes during the formation of gametes
situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to the p…
when one allele is not dominant over the other
Homologous
refers to chromosomes that have a corresponding chromosome fr…
Independent Assortment
separation of genes during the formation of gametes
49 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
Allele
homozygous
heterozygous
True breeding
alternate forms that a gene can take
all alleles are the same
alleles are different
homozygous
Allele
alternate forms that a gene can take
homozygous
all alleles are the same
39 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join. In peas, this n…
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
26 terms
Genetics Chapter 11: Key Terms
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote
the period of the cell cycle during which the nucleus is not…
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by…
the division of the cell cytoplasm that usually follows mitot…
PROKARYOTE: any cellular organism that has no nuclear membran…
Interphase
the period of the cell cycle during which the nucleus is not…
Mitosis
the usual method of cell division, characterized typically by…
14 terms
Chapter 11 Human Genetics and Genetic Technology
sex chromosomes
sex-linked genes
carrier
genetic disorder
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains gen…
genes that are located on the X or Y chromosome
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
sex chromosomes
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains gen…
sex-linked genes
genes that are located on the X or Y chromosome
20 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parent with different traits
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
30 terms
Chapter 11: Mendelian Genetics
allele**
codominance*
continuous variation
dihybrid cross
variations of a gene ex: blue eyes, brown eyes, green eyes, h…
in the heterozygous genotype both alleles are expressed ex: b…
some traits (ex: height, skin color, hair color) don't have c…
determining the phenotypes and genotypes of a combination of…
allele**
variations of a gene ex: blue eyes, brown eyes, green eyes, h…
codominance*
in the heterozygous genotype both alleles are expressed ex: b…
12 terms
Chapter 11: intro to genetics vocab
Genes
trait
Gametes
fertilization
sequence of DNA that codes for a trait and is passed on from…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
A sex cell such as an egg or sperm.
process in which male and female gametes join.
Genes
sequence of DNA that codes for a trait and is passed on from…
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
16 terms
Genetics Chapter 11
How does childhood adversity affect ag…
How large is the E. coli chromosome?
How large is the human chromosome?
Describe supercoiling
Telomere shortening during DNA replication is linked to aging…
4.6m base pairs and would be 1000 times as long as the cell i…
6b base pairs and would measure over 2 meters if straightened
A type of tertiary structure caused by strain of DNA being un…
How does childhood adversity affect ag…
Telomere shortening during DNA replication is linked to aging…
How large is the E. coli chromosome?
4.6m base pairs and would be 1000 times as long as the cell i…
51 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
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