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Study sets matching "chapter 1 psychological science"

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Study sets matching "chapter 1 psychological science"

33 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome - includin…
careful reasoning that examines assumptions, discerns hidden…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory; testing thi…
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome - includin…
critical thinking
careful reasoning that examines assumptions, discerns hidden…
20 terms
Psychological Sciences, chapter 1
Psychological science
critical thinking
culture
nature/nurture debate
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
beliefs, rules, customs of people who share a common language…
Was I born this way or did something happen to make me this w…
Psychological science
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
critical thinking
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
49 terms
Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
psychology
science
behavior
mental processes
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
everything we do that can be directly observed.
the thoughts, feelings, and motives that people experience pr…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
science
the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
47 terms
Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
psychology
science
behavior
mental processes
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
everything we do that can be directly observed.
the thoughts, feelings, and motives that people experience pr…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
science
the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, i…
52 terms
Psychology Core Concepts Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science
Psychology
Pseudopsychology
Confirmation bias
Facilitated communication
The science of behavior and mental processes; literally the s…
Erroneous assertions or practices set forth as being scientif…
The tendency to attend to evidence that complements and confi…
An example of a failed consequence of pseudopsychology involv…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes; literally the s…
Pseudopsychology
Erroneous assertions or practices set forth as being scientif…
58 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
Scientific Attitude's 3 Main Components
Curiosity
Skepticism
Humility
Curiosity, Skepticism, and Humility
Passion to explore and understand without being misled
Acting/Thinking smart ex. knowing reality from fantasy, sense…
awareness of our own vulnerability; being open to other persp…
Scientific Attitude's 3 Main Components
Curiosity, Skepticism, and Humility
Curiosity
Passion to explore and understand without being misled
30 terms
Chapter 1 - Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory (p.25).
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
49 terms
Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior and Psychological Science
Psychology
Science
Mental processes
Behavior
The science of mental processes and behavior.
Using objective evidence to answer questions.
Cognitive actions in the brain.... - storing, recalling info... - h…
Observable acts... - alone or in a group
Psychology
The science of mental processes and behavior.
Science
Using objective evidence to answer questions.
43 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychology
Nature-Nurture Issue
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used…
Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by D…
Science of behavior and mental processes
Longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that…
Structuralism
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used…
Functionalism
Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by D…
50 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
hindsight bias
scientific attitude
critical thinking
scientific method
the tendency to believe something, after learning the result…
skeptical but not cynical... open but not gullible
smart thinking, outside the box... ex: loss of brain tissue earl…
self-correcting process with a question and result
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe something, after learning the result…
scientific attitude
skeptical but not cynical... open but not gullible
22 terms
Psychological Science Chapter 1
Psychological Science
Critical Thinking
Culture
Nature/Nurture Debate
The study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior.
Systematically questioning and evaluating information using w…
The beliefs, values, rules, and customs that exist within a g…
The arguments concerning whether psychological characteristic…
Psychological Science
The study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior.
Critical Thinking
Systematically questioning and evaluating information using w…
58 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
Scientific Attitude's 3 Main Components
Curiosity
Skepticism
Humility
Curiosity, Skepticism, and Humility
Passion to explore and understand without being misled
Acting/Thinking smart ex. knowing reality from fantasy, sense…
awareness of our own vulnerability; being open to other persp…
Scientific Attitude's 3 Main Components
Curiosity, Skepticism, and Humility
Curiosity
Passion to explore and understand without being misled
28 terms
Chapter 1- Psychological Science
Biological approach
Behavioral approach
Psychodynamic approach
humanistic approach
approach with a focus on the body, especially the brain and n…
approach shaped by environment
approach about unconscious forces and childhood experiences
approach that emphasizes a person's positive qualities (stren…
Biological approach
approach with a focus on the body, especially the brain and n…
Behavioral approach
approach shaped by environment
35 terms
Chapter 1 psychological science
Psychology
Hindsight bias
Hypothesis
Theory
Scientific study of behavior and mental processe
"I knew it all along
a testable prediction about something that... can be observed an…
an explanation for a broad range of observations... that also ge…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processe
Hindsight bias
"I knew it all along
36 terms
Chapter 1 - Psychological Science
Definition of Psychology
Mind
Behavior
Critical Thinking
the study of mind, brain, and behavior
Mental activity, senses reaction with the outside world, memo…
Observable reactions
Systematically question and evaluate information with well su…
Definition of Psychology
the study of mind, brain, and behavior
Mind
Mental activity, senses reaction with the outside world, memo…
27 terms
Chapter 1: Introducing Psychological Science
Biopsychosocial Model
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Pseudoscience
a means of explaining behaviour as a product of biological, p…
involves exercising curiosity and skepticism when evaluating…
is a testable prediction about processes that can be observed…
refers to ideas that are presented as science but do not actu…
Biopsychosocial Model
a means of explaining behaviour as a product of biological, p…
Critical Thinking
involves exercising curiosity and skepticism when evaluating…
38 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
critical thinking
why think critically?
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence Error 1
carefully forming and evaluating knowledge
the brain is designed for "surviving," so it takes ANY info i…
AFTER learning the results of a study, you believe that you c…
we are too certain in our judgments, we overestimate our perf…
critical thinking
carefully forming and evaluating knowledge
why think critically?
the brain is designed for "surviving," so it takes ANY info i…
27 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A statement of the procedures used to define research variabl…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
35 terms
Psychological Science Chapter 1
psychological science
critical thinking
amiable skepticism
culture
the study of the mind, brain, behavior; science concerned wit…
systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable con…
combines wariness and openness; involves being open to new id…
the beliefs, values, rules, and customs that exist within a g…
psychological science
the study of the mind, brain, behavior; science concerned wit…
critical thinking
systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable con…
42 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
Birth of Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
December 1879 in Germany; Wundt and hearing lag experiment
reductionalism; structure of the brain and how it works; intr…
how mental and behavioral processes function; the "why"; James
observable behavior (no reference to mental processes/introsp…
Birth of Psychology
December 1879 in Germany; Wundt and hearing lag experiment
Structuralism
reductionalism; structure of the brain and how it works; intr…
28 terms
Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
Adaptations
Behaviorism
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cognitive Perspective
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
The study of the neural mechanisms underlying thought, learni…
A psychological approach that emphasizes mental processes in…
Adaptations
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
Behaviorism
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
23 terms
Chapter 1 - Mind, Behavior & Psychological Science
psychology
mental processes
behaviors
origin of psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes. Is a broad fiel…
Internal mental processes observed only indirectly (thinking,…
External, observable behaviors (talking, smiling, running).
Comes from "psyche" (Greek for "mind") and "-ology" (meaning…
psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes. Is a broad fiel…
mental processes
Internal mental processes observed only indirectly (thinking,…
31 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
30 terms
Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
Psychology
physiological
cognitive
Hypothesis
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Having to do with an organism's physical processes
Having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
A precise prediction about the outcomes of an experiment (an…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
physiological
Having to do with an organism's physical processes
Chapter 1: Introducing Psychological Science
Psychology
Biopsychosocial Model
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
the scientific study of behavior, thought, and experience
a means of explaining behaviour as a product of biological, p…
involves exercising curiosity and skepticism when evaluating…
is a testable prediction about processes that can be observed…
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior, thought, and experience
Biopsychosocial Model
a means of explaining behaviour as a product of biological, p…
80 terms
Chapter 1 - The Science of Psychology
Psychology
Mental Processes
Scientific Method
Description
The science of behavior and mental processes.
All the internal, covert (hidden), activity of our minds, suc…
A system for reducing bias and error in the measurement of da…
Observing a behavior and noting everything about it: what is…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Mental Processes
All the internal, covert (hidden), activity of our minds, suc…
91 terms
Chapter 1: Introducing Psychological Science
Psychology
Free-Will
Dualism
Monism
the systematic study of behavior, thought, and experience... ac…
the belief that behavior is caused by an individual's indepen…
The mind is separate from the brain but controls the body thr…
Conscious experience is generated by and inseparable from the…
Psychology
the systematic study of behavior, thought, and experience... ac…
Free-Will
the belief that behavior is caused by an individual's indepen…
20 terms
Psychological Sciences, chapter 1
Psychological science
critical thinking
culture
nature/nurture debate
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
beliefs, rules, customs of people who share a common language…
Was I born this way or did something happen to make me this w…
Psychological science
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
critical thinking
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
44 terms
Chapter 1(Thinking Critically With Psychological Science)
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychology
Nature-Nurture Issue
a tool that uses introspection the viewing of one's own menta…
focused on how mental processes enable us to adapt, survive,…
science of behavior and mental processes
continuous controversy over the relative contributions that g…
Structuralism
a tool that uses introspection the viewing of one's own menta…
Functionalism
focused on how mental processes enable us to adapt, survive,…
48 terms
Chapter 1 Psychological Science
Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
Critical Thinking
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
"I-knew-it-all-along" ... ex. Relationships, 9/11
we tend to think we know more than we do
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
Psychology
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
Hindsight Bias
"I-knew-it-all-along" ... ex. Relationships, 9/11
21 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence Error
Perceiving Order in random events
Theory
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
tend to think we know more than we do. We tend to be more con…
In our natural eagerness to make sense of... our world, we perce…
Explains behaviors or events by offering ideas that organize…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Overconfidence Error
tend to think we know more than we do. We tend to be more con…
45 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
hindsight bias
overconfidence
perceiving order in random events
Scientific Attitude
the tendency to believe after learning an outcome, that one w…
the tendency to think we know more than we do.
...
Curious, Skeptical, and Humble
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe after learning an outcome, that one w…
overconfidence
the tendency to think we know more than we do.
40 terms
Psychology Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
What makes psychology a science?
Structuralism
Functionalism
Biological Approach
Psychology uses systematic methods to observe human behavior…
A method of analyzing phenomenon using the structure of the h…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
An approach to psychology focusing on the body, especially th…
What makes psychology a science?
Psychology uses systematic methods to observe human behavior…
Structuralism
A method of analyzing phenomenon using the structure of the h…
20 terms
Psychological Sciences, chapter 1
Psychological science
critical thinking
culture
nature/nurture debate
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
beliefs, rules, customs of people who share a common language…
Was I born this way or did something happen to make me this w…
Psychological science
studying how the mind (mental), brain (physical), and behavio…
critical thinking
ask question and then THINK using supported evidence
30 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by theory... ex) The scien…
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
40 terms
Psychology Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
What makes psychology a science?
Structuralism
Functionalism
Biological Approach
Psychology uses systematic methods to observe human behavior…
A method of analyzing phenomenon using the structure of the h…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
An approach to psychology focusing on the body, especially th…
What makes psychology a science?
Psychology uses systematic methods to observe human behavior…
Structuralism
A method of analyzing phenomenon using the structure of the h…
43 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychology
Nature-Nurture Issue
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used…
Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by D…
Science of behavior and mental processes
Longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that…
Structuralism
Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used…
Functionalism
Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by D…
133 terms
Chapter 1 - Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
What is Intuition?
Researchers control factors that might…
In a well-controlled experiment, resea…
Ahmed has five sisters who are 3, 3, 5…
An effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as co…
Random assignment
Confounding variables
Median
What is Intuition?
An effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as co…
Researchers control factors that might…
Random assignment
91 terms
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
Overconfidence
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Can influence being scientific
"Knew it would happen all along"
Questioning, systematic evaluation, keeping an open mind
Interconnected ideas/concepts that can be tested
Overconfidence
Can influence being scientific
Hindsight bias
"Knew it would happen all along"
58 terms
Chapter 1 psychological science
Social desirability bias
Structuralism
William James
Psychologist
Happens when you answer a survey to please the surveyor or ma…
The early theory that sought to map out the basic framework o…
Said consciousness serves an adaptive survival function and i…
Someone with a PhD (doctorate) in psychology
Social desirability bias
Happens when you answer a survey to please the surveyor or ma…
Structuralism
The early theory that sought to map out the basic framework o…
29 terms
Psychological science chapter 1
Psychological science
Mind
Behavior
Amiable skepticism
The study through research of mind,brain,behavior
Mental activity
They totality of behavior that can be seen
Hallmark of a good scientist
Psychological science
The study through research of mind,brain,behavior
Mind
Mental activity
44 terms
Chapter 1 (Psychological Science)
Socrates
Platos
Aristotle
Descartes
Ancient philosopher who believed mind was separate from body
Seconds Socrates beliefs
Believed that knowledge grew from experiece
Put science behind ideas; said fluids in animals produced dif…
Socrates
Ancient philosopher who believed mind was separate from body
Platos
Seconds Socrates beliefs
51 terms
Chapter 1 Research Methods: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanations using an integrated set of principles that or…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
19 terms
Psychological Science Chapter 1
adaptations
behaviorism
cognitive neuroscience
cognitive psychology
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
The study of the neural mechanisms (mechanisms involving the…
The study of how people think, learn, and remember. (See page…
adaptations
In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills,…
behaviorism
A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environm…
Chapter 1: Psychological Science
psychology
psychiatry
pseudo-psychology
cognitive perspective
science of behavior & mental processes
medical specialty dealing with diagnosis & treatment of menta…
erroneous assertions or practices set forth as being scientif…
emphasis on mental processes
psychology
science of behavior & mental processes
psychiatry
medical specialty dealing with diagnosis & treatment of menta…
31 terms
Chapter 1 (Thinking Critically w/ Psychological Science)
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to... believe, after learning an outcome, that... one…
thinking that does... not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated... set of principles that org…
a testable prediction,... often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to... believe, after learning an outcome, that... one…
critical thinking
thinking that does... not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
40 terms
Psychological Science- Chapter 1
characteristics of science
public knowledge
testable problems
set of Attitudes
systematic empiricism, public knowledge, testable problems, s…
replication, unbiased, objective
falsifiable
skepticism, curiosity
characteristics of science
systematic empiricism, public knowledge, testable problems, s…
public knowledge
replication, unbiased, objective
34 terms
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
53 terms
Psychological Science Chapter 1
psychology
psychological science
behavior
amiable skepticism
study of mental activity and behavior
study through RESEARCH of mind, brain, and behavior
totality of observable human (or animal)actions
remaining open to new ideas while being wary of new "scientif…
psychology
study of mental activity and behavior
psychological science
study through RESEARCH of mind, brain, and behavior
23 terms
Chapter 1 Science of Psychology
behaviorism
biopsychological
cognitive psychology
control group
the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior o…
perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biol…
modern theory that focuses on memory, intellegence, perceptio…
subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the indepe…
behaviorism
the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior o…
biopsychological
perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biol…
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