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Study sets matching "chapter 10 anatomy muscles"

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Study sets matching "chapter 10 anatomy muscles"

87 terms
Anatomy of muscles chapter 10
Orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major
zygomaticus minor
frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major
17 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10: Muscles
Endomysium
Perimysium
Fascicles
Epimysium
Thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
This is a thicker connective tissue sheath that wraps muscle…
Fascicles are visible to the naked eye-the "grain" in a cut o…
A fibrous sheath that surrounds the entire muscle.
Endomysium
Thin sleeve of loose connective tissue that surrounds each mu…
Perimysium
This is a thicker connective tissue sheath that wraps muscle…
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 - Muscles
convergent
parallel
circular
pennate
has a broad origin and fascicles converge toward a single ten…
axes of fascicles run parallel to long axis of muscle; strapl…
fascicles arranged in concentric rings; sphincters; mouth & e…
fascicles are short and attach obliquely to a central tendon
convergent
has a broad origin and fascicles converge toward a single ten…
parallel
axes of fascicles run parallel to long axis of muscle; strapl…
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: Muscles
The main functions of the muscular sys…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
Why is skeletal muscle an organ?
Order of structures from large to smal…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
It has multiple tissues. ... 1. Connective tissue... 2. Nervous tis…
Whole muscle, fascicle, fiber, myofibril, sarcomere
The main functions of the muscular sys…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
35 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10: Muscles
Deltoid
Second
Lever
Synergist
Named for shape of the muscle
This class of lever has the load between the pull and the ful…
Any rigid bar free to turn about a fixed point called its ful…
Muscle that contracts at the same time as the prime mover, pr…
Deltoid
Named for shape of the muscle
Second
This class of lever has the load between the pull and the ful…
27 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 10 muscles
excitability
contractility
elasticity
extensibility
muscle cells are responsive to input from stimuli
stimulation of muscle fiber can lead to contraction and short…
a contracted muscle cell can return to resting length when ap…
the ability of a muscle fiber to be stretched beyond its rest…
excitability
muscle cells are responsive to input from stimuli
contractility
stimulation of muscle fiber can lead to contraction and short…
65 terms
Human Anatomy (Chapter 10) Muscles
What are the 5 functions of muscles?
Epimysium is a connective tissue of mu…
Perimysium is a connective tissue of m…
Endomysium is a a connective tissue of…
1.) Movement of body parts and organ contents.... 2.) Maintain p…
covers whole muscle belly
surrounds bundle of cells called fascicle
is a thin tissue around each cell and allows room for capilla…
What are the 5 functions of muscles?
1.) Movement of body parts and organ contents.... 2.) Maintain p…
Epimysium is a connective tissue of mu…
covers whole muscle belly
59 terms
Anatomy and physiology muscles chapter 10 Saladin
Myo-
Muscle system
-Logy
Mus-
Muscle
Composed of only the skeletal muscles. There are about 600 to…
Study of
Mouse
Myo-
Muscle
Muscle system
Composed of only the skeletal muscles. There are about 600 to…
Gross anatomy of Muscles Chapter 10
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus
Buccinator
Frontal Belly/Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Contraction cycle
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Contraction cycle
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
89 terms
Chapter 10: Gross Anatomy of Skeletal Muscles
epicarnius - frontal belly
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
orbicularis oris
epicarnius - frontal belly
orbicularis oculi
197 terms
Chapter 10 muscle anatomy
skeletal muscles are attached to bones…
2 points of attachment of each muscle…
Origin
insertion
...
origin and insertion
the fixed end, stationary proximal end of the muscle. ... can ha…
mobile end. distal end
skeletal muscles are attached to bones…
...
2 points of attachment of each muscle…
origin and insertion
10 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 10 muscles
Functions of muscles
Muscle anatomy
Fascia
deep fascia
Movement, maintain posture and prevent movement, control of o…
Connective tissue layers and wrappings that support and surro…
Functions of muscles
Movement, maintain posture and prevent movement, control of o…
Muscle anatomy
11 terms
head muscles / anatomy / chapter 10
elevate eyebrows
tense scalp
close eyelids
elevate angle of mouth
frontalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major and minor
elevate eyebrows
frontalis
tense scalp
occipitalis
94 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10: Muscles
orbicularis oris
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
risorius
closes and purses lips, used for kissing
closes eyes, used in blinking and squinting
raises corners of mouth upward. Originates from the zygomatic…
draws corners of lip laterally.
orbicularis oris
closes and purses lips, used for kissing
orbicularis oculi
closes eyes, used in blinking and squinting
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
Frontal Belly
Occipital Belly
Zygomaticus
Orbicularis Orus
I: skin of eyebrows and root of nose; A: raises eyebrows
O: occipital and temporal bones; A: pulls scalp back
O: frontal and maxillary bones and ligament around orbit; I:…
O: arises from maxilla and mandible; I: encircles mouth; A: c…
Frontal Belly
I: skin of eyebrows and root of nose; A: raises eyebrows
Occipital Belly
O: occipital and temporal bones; A: pulls scalp back
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscles
Functions of muscles
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
Exictability
Conductivity
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
Ability to respond to nervous system stimulation
Ability to produce an electrical signal that travels along mu…
Functions of muscles
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
occipitofrontalis (epicranius)
masseter*
temporalis
sternocleidomastoid*
biparitite muscle consisting of the frontal and occipital bel…
powerful muscle that covers lateral aspect of mandibular ramu…
fan-shaped muscle that covers parts of the temporal, frontal,…
flexes and laterally rotates the head... O- manubrium of sternum…
occipitofrontalis (epicranius)
biparitite muscle consisting of the frontal and occipital bel…
masseter*
powerful muscle that covers lateral aspect of mandibular ramu…
18 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
transverse tubules (t tubules)
myofibrils
plasma membrane of a muscle fiber, surrounds the sarcoplasm
cytoplasm of the muscle fiber
narrow tubes that are continuous with the sarcolemma and exte…
cylindrical structures, which can actively shorten and are re…
sarcolemma
plasma membrane of a muscle fiber, surrounds the sarcoplasm
sarcoplasm
cytoplasm of the muscle fiber
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A prime mover is a muscle that has the major responsibility f…
Antagonists are muscles that appose or reverse a particular m…
...
...
1. Prime mover or agonist
A prime mover is a muscle that has the major responsibility f…
2. Antagonist
Antagonists are muscles that appose or reverse a particular m…
40 terms
chapter 10 anatomy muscles
epicranius
zygomaticus
orbicularis oris
masseter
frontalis and occipitals; raise eyebrows, wrinkles forehead h…
smiling muscle O:zygomatic bone; I:skin/muscle at corner of m…
closes lips, purses/protrudes lips, kissing muscle
prime mover of jaw closure, elevates mandible O:Spehnoid, max…
epicranius
frontalis and occipitals; raise eyebrows, wrinkles forehead h…
zygomaticus
smiling muscle O:zygomatic bone; I:skin/muscle at corner of m…
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 muscles
Psoas
Quadratus lumborum
Deltoid
Biceps brachii
Lower vertebrae; flexes hip and lumbar spine
Iliac crest; laterally flexes spine
Clavicle, scapula; abducts arm
Scapula; flexes an supinates forearm
Psoas
Lower vertebrae; flexes hip and lumbar spine
Quadratus lumborum
Iliac crest; laterally flexes spine
50 terms
chapter 10 muscle anatomy and scalp/facial muscles
functions of muscle system
true
connective tissue of the skin
tendons
Movements ... Stability and Posture ... Communication... Control of op…
Most skeletal muscles extend from one bone to another and cro…
in the face some muscles attach from bone to the ...
attach muscle to bones and other muscles
functions of muscle system
Movements ... Stability and Posture ... Communication... Control of op…
true
Most skeletal muscles extend from one bone to another and cro…
14 terms
torso muscles / anatomy / chapter 10
rotate cervical vertebral column
extend vertebral column
extend vertebral column
extend vertebral column
sternocleidomastoid
spinalis
longissimus
iliocostalis
rotate cervical vertebral column
sternocleidomastoid
extend vertebral column
spinalis
46 terms
Chapter 10: Muscles
Epicranius
frontalis
occipitalis
Epicranial aponeurosis
connective tissue portion of epicranius,... flat sheet like tendon
Epicranius
frontalis
55 terms
Anatomy- Muscles (Chapter 10 & 11)
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Sarcomere
Attach to and move the skeleton, voluntary, striated
Muscle of walls and internal hollow organs, involuntary, visc…
Walls of heart, involuntary, electrical impulses
Basic unit of contraction
Skeletal muscle
Attach to and move the skeleton, voluntary, striated
Smooth muscle
Muscle of walls and internal hollow organs, involuntary, visc…
79 terms
Chapter 10-11 Muscles Anatomy
Frontalis
Buccinator
Orbicularis oculi
Massester
Raises Eyebrows
Compresses Cheeks
Closes eye/ eyelid
Elevate Mandible
Frontalis
Raises Eyebrows
Buccinator
Compresses Cheeks
23 terms
Anatomy Muscles Chapter 10 and 11
Myofibrils
Actin and myosin
Troponin and tropomyosin
fiber
long rods within cytoplasm
2 types of myofilaments which are contractile proteins (produ…
regulatory proteins
a cell in skeletal and smooth muscle tissue
Myofibrils
long rods within cytoplasm
Actin and myosin
2 types of myofilaments which are contractile proteins (produ…
32 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 10 Muscles
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus
Orbicularis Oris
Risorius
origin- frontal and maxillary bones... insertion- tissue or eyel…
origin- zygomatic bone... insertion- skin and muscle at corner o…
origin- indirectly from maxilla and mandible; fibers bind wit…
origin- lateral fascia with masseter muscle... insertion- skin a…
Orbicularis Oculi
origin- frontal and maxillary bones... insertion- tissue or eyel…
Zygomaticus
origin- zygomatic bone... insertion- skin and muscle at corner o…
31 terms
Anatomy 231 Chapter 10 muscle tissue
Functions of Muscle Tissue
Contractility
Excitability
Extensibility
movement, gross, circulation, pupils, hair, etc... maintenance…
Can _forcibly_ shorten
Can be _stimulated_ by nerve impulses
Can be _stretched_
Functions of Muscle Tissue
movement, gross, circulation, pupils, hair, etc... maintenance…
Contractility
Can _forcibly_ shorten
145 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscles (Mrs. Jemison)
Epicranius (frontal belly)
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oculi
Action: Raises eyebrows
Action: closes eye
Origin: Frontal and maxillary bone
Insertion: skin around eye
Epicranius (frontal belly)
Action: Raises eyebrows
Orbicularis oculi
Action: closes eye
84 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology-- Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue
Primary function of muscle
Three types of muscular tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
to change chemical energy into mechanical energy to produce m…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
striated, under voluntary control, and MOVES BONES OF SKELETON
striated, under involuntary control, and PUMPS BLOOD with aut…
Primary function of muscle
to change chemical energy into mechanical energy to produce m…
Three types of muscular tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
73 terms
Chapter 10 Muscles Anatomy
epicranius
zygomaticus
temporalis
sternohyoid
muscle consisting of frontal and occipital parts, which cover…
extends diagonally from corner of mouth to cheekbone; "smilin…
fan-shaped muscle lying over parts of frontal, parietal, and…
runs most medially along neck; strap like; depresses larynx a…
epicranius
muscle consisting of frontal and occipital parts, which cover…
zygomaticus
extends diagonally from corner of mouth to cheekbone; "smilin…
47 terms
Muscle Anatomy/ Chapter 10
rectus abdominis
pectoralis major
deltoid
external oblique
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
prime mover of shoulder abduction
forms the external lateral walls of the abdomin
rectus abdominis
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
pectoralis major
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
39 terms
chapter 10- muscle anatomy
Function and special properties of smo…
function and special properties of car…
function and special properties of ske…
4 basic functions of muscular tissue
spindle shaped, nonstriated, uninucleated fibers. Occurs in t…
has striated, branched uninucleated fibers. Occurs in the wal…
has striated, tubular, multinucleated fibers. Is usually atta…
a. Produce movement... b. Stabilize body position - posture... c. S…
Function and special properties of smo…
spindle shaped, nonstriated, uninucleated fibers. Occurs in t…
function and special properties of car…
has striated, branched uninucleated fibers. Occurs in the wal…
30 terms
Chapter 10-11 Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles
Buccinator
Masseter
Orbicularic Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Pulls corners of mouth outwards... -compresses cheek for whistl…
Jaw Muscle... -Elevates jaw temporalis
Around Eye... -Closes eyes, blinking, squinting, etc.
Around Mouth... -Closes lips
Buccinator
Pulls corners of mouth outwards... -compresses cheek for whistl…
Masseter
Jaw Muscle... -Elevates jaw temporalis
172 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
epicranius
frontal belly of epicranius
occipital belly of epicranius
corrugator supercilii
bipartite muscle consisting of the frontal and occipital bell…
covers forehead and dome of skull; no bony attachments; with…
overlies posterior occiput; by pulling on the epicranial apon…
small muscle; activity associated with that of orbicularis oc…
epicranius
bipartite muscle consisting of the frontal and occipital bell…
frontal belly of epicranius
covers forehead and dome of skull; no bony attachments; with…
75 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology (Muscles)
"Undoes"
Synergistic muscles, antagonistic musc…
Muscles with same or cooperative funct…
Muscles with opposing functions.
What One Muscle Group "Does" another...
Functional Groups
Synergistic Muscles
Antagonistic Muscles
"Undoes"
What One Muscle Group "Does" another...
Synergistic muscles, antagonistic musc…
Functional Groups
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10- Muscle Tissue
3 Types of Muscular Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
1. Skeletal... 2. Cardiac... 3. Smooth
...
3 Types of Muscular Tissue
1. Skeletal... 2. Cardiac... 3. Smooth
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
34 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue
cardiac muscle
-involuntary... -spindle shaped cells wit…
smooth
skeletal
Which type of muscle tissue can contract when excited
describe a smooth muscle fiber
what type of muscle is present in the walls of an artery
which muscles are under voluntary control
cardiac muscle
Which type of muscle tissue can contract when excited
-involuntary... -spindle shaped cells wit…
describe a smooth muscle fiber
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Identification of Muscles
Prime movers
Antagonists
Synergists
Fixators
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
oppose or reverse a particular movement
add force to a movement and reduce unnecessary movement
synergists that immobilize a bone of muscle's origin
Prime movers
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
Antagonists
oppose or reverse a particular movement
80 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue
muscles
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
40-50% of body weight; take chemical energy and convert it to…
striated (light and dark bands); mostly voluntary; controlled…
non-striated; involuntary; some are autorhythmic (EX: blood v…
striated; involuntary; pace maker makes heart beat 100bpm; au…
muscles
40-50% of body weight; take chemical energy and convert it to…
skeletal
striated (light and dark bands); mostly voluntary; controlled…
47 terms
Muscle Anatomy/ Chapter 10
rectus abdominis
pectoralis major
deltoid
external oblique
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
prime mover of shoulder abduction
forms the external lateral walls of the abdomin
rectus abdominis
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
pectoralis major
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
63 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 10 Muscles
medial pterygoid
zygomaticus
Epicranius
Temporalis
used for grinding food
used for smiling. (facial nerve)
2 bellies. Frontal belly wrinkles forehead skin horizontally.…
elevates and retracts mandible.
medial pterygoid
used for grinding food
zygomaticus
used for smiling. (facial nerve)
47 terms
Muscle Anatomy/ Chapter 10
rectus abdominis
pectoralis major
deltoid
external oblique
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
prime mover of shoulder abduction
forms the external lateral walls of the abdomin
rectus abdominis
a major spine flexor, name meaning "straight muscle of the ab…
pectoralis major
prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
9 terms
anatomy chapter 10 forearm muscles
flexor carpi radialis
palmaris longus
flexor carpi ulnaris
flexor digitorum superficialis
powerful flexor of wrist, abducts hand
tenses skin and fascia of palm during hand movements
powerful flexor of wrist and adducts hands
flexes wrist and middle phalanges
flexor carpi radialis
powerful flexor of wrist, abducts hand
palmaris longus
tenses skin and fascia of palm during hand movements
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 Axial Muscles
Occipitofrontalis
Epicranial aponeurosis
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
One muscle with two parts; the frontal belly and occipital be…
tendon that holds the two muscles of the occipitofrontalis to…
Circular muscle that surrounds the eye
Circular muscle that surrounds the oral region around the mouth
Occipitofrontalis
One muscle with two parts; the frontal belly and occipital be…
Epicranial aponeurosis
tendon that holds the two muscles of the occipitofrontalis to…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy of skeletal muscles
Epimysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
Endomysium
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Divides the skeletal muscle into a series of compartments. Ea…
A bundle of muscle fibers within a compartment of the epimysium
Delicate connective tissue surrounding the individual muscle…
Epimysium
A dense layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire mu…
Perimysium
Divides the skeletal muscle into a series of compartments. Ea…
54 terms
CHAPTER 10 ANATOMY: MUSCLES :D
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
Muscle Functions
Properties of Muscle Tissue
Tendons
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
electrical excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasti…
flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue…
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Muscle Functions
movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
78 terms
Anatomy Muscles Chapter 10-11
Zygomaticus Major
Zygomaticus Minor
Epicranius (Occipitofrontalis)
Platysma
O:... I:... A: retracts and elevates corner of mouth
O:... I:... A: retracts and elevates lower lip
O: bipartite muscle consisting of two muscles connected by a…
O:... I:... A: tenses skin of neck, depresses mandible
Zygomaticus Major
O:... I:... A: retracts and elevates corner of mouth
Zygomaticus Minor
O:... I:... A: retracts and elevates lower lip
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