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Study sets matching "chapter 10 division mitosis"

38 terms
Chapter 10: cell division and mitosis
chromosome
centromere
chromatin
genes
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
centromere
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
9 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Division and Mitosis
Meiosis
chromosomes
diploid
homologous chromosomes
particular stage of the life cycle of sexually reproducing or…
are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of anim…
two copies of each type of chromosomes; of a cell or nucleus)…
are similar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in…
Meiosis
particular stage of the life cycle of sexually reproducing or…
chromosomes
are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of anim…
23 terms
Cell Division (Mitosis and Meiosis) Chapter 10
cell division
chromosome
reproduction
asexual reproduction
the process of one parent cell dividing into two daughter cells
a structure made of DNA in the nucleus (only in eukaryotic ce…
the formation of new organisms of the same species
a type of reproduction that requires only one parent (bacteria)
cell division
the process of one parent cell dividing into two daughter cells
chromosome
a structure made of DNA in the nucleus (only in eukaryotic ce…
80 terms
Chapter 10 Cell division MITOSIS
How do organisms grow?
what are the 3 reasons cells divide?
What must happen before a cell can div…
the G1, S and G2 phases are called
cell division... we begin with a zygote (fertilization of 2 hapl…
make more cells for growth (mitosis)... repair damaged/lost cell…
Must copy DNA
Interphase (cell not dividing)
How do organisms grow?
cell division... we begin with a zygote (fertilization of 2 hapl…
what are the 3 reasons cells divide?
make more cells for growth (mitosis)... repair damaged/lost cell…
19 terms
chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division (Mitosis)
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
cell cycle
a process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
a process by which two cells from different parents fuse toge…
a threadlike structure that contains genetic information in t…
a series of events a cell goes through as it grows and divides
asexual reproduction
a process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
sexual reproduction
a process by which two cells from different parents fuse toge…
Cell Growth and Division (Mitosis and Meiosis) Chapter 10
Surface Area to Volume Radio
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
The amount of surface area per unit of volume for an object.…
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
Surface Area to Volume Radio
The amount of surface area per unit of volume for an object.…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chapter 10 sell division and mitosis
Motosis
Chromosmes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
A type of reproduction—fission, budding, and regeneration—in…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
Motosis
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Chromosmes
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
15 terms
Chapter 10 cell division and mitosis
Mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
that produces four haploid sex cells from one diploid cell an…
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains heredity materials
A type of reproduction-fission budding, and regeneration-in w…
A type of reproduction in witch two sex cells, usually an egg…
Mitosis
that produces four haploid sex cells from one diploid cell an…
Chromosome
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains heredity materials
15 terms
Cell division and mitosis; Chapter 10
Mitiosis
Chromosome
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains hereditary material
A type of reproduction-fission, budding, and regeneration- in…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
Mitiosis
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Chromosome
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains hereditary material
15 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Division and Mitosis
Mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form... two nuclei…
Structure of a cell's nucleus that contains ... hereditary mater…
A type of reproduction in which a new organism... is produced fr…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells,... usually an egg…
Mitosis
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form... two nuclei…
Chromosome
Structure of a cell's nucleus that contains ... hereditary mater…
15 terms
Chapter 10 cell division and mitosis
Mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains hereditary material
A type of reproduction---- fission budding, and regeneration-…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells usually an egg…
Mitosis
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Chromosome
Structure in a cells nucleus that contains hereditary material
27 terms
Chapter 10 Cell Division and Mitosis
Binary Fission
Eukaryotic Chromosomes
Diploid
Gametes
when a bacteria cell divided... Bi- 2 Fission-splitting
40% DNA... 60% protein
2n (two copy of chromosomes)
sex cells, haploid
Binary Fission
when a bacteria cell divided... Bi- 2 Fission-splitting
Eukaryotic Chromosomes
40% DNA... 60% protein
28 terms
Chapter 10 cell division and mitosis
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divided into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells form two parents untie to…
threadlike structure of dna and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divided into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
68 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Division and Mitosis
reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
somatic cells
the process where an organism produces offspring based on the…
a type of nuclear division, the process by which one nucleus…
type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes…
body cells that help organisms repair, grow, and function, re…
reproduction
the process where an organism produces offspring based on the…
mitosis
a type of nuclear division, the process by which one nucleus…
59 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Division and Mitosis
reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
somatic cells
the process where an organism produces offspring based on the…
a type of nuclear division, the process by which one nucleus…
type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes…
body cells that help organisms repair, grow, and function, re…
reproduction
the process where an organism produces offspring based on the…
mitosis
a type of nuclear division, the process by which one nucleus…
72 terms
Bio Chapter 10: cell division and mitosis
CHAPTER 10
ploidy
haploid
diploid
...
The number of chromosome sets of a cell or species.
An organism or cell with only one copy of each type of chromo…
An organism or cell with two copies of each type of chromosom…
CHAPTER 10
...
ploidy
The number of chromosome sets of a cell or species.
30 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis (cell division)
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
when are the characteristic X shaped c…
What is the compositions of Chromatin?
What is the difference between Prokary…
Prokaryotes: No Nucleus, No Cytoskeleton, Cytoplasm, Plasma M…
During cell division
DNA wrapped around Histone Proteins
Prokaryote: Circular DNA... Eukaryote: Linear, there is a begini…
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes: No Nucleus, No Cytoskeleton, Cytoplasm, Plasma M…
when are the characteristic X shaped c…
During cell division
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division (Mitosis)
Define mitosis.
What are the four phases in mitosis?
What occurs during prophase?
What occurs during metaphase?
part of eukaryotic cell division which the cell nucleus divides
1. Prophase... 2. Metaphase... 3. Anaphase... 4. Telophase
genetic material condenses/duplicated chromosomes become visi…
centromeres of chromosomes line up along the equator; spindle…
Define mitosis.
part of eukaryotic cell division which the cell nucleus divides
What are the four phases in mitosis?
1. Prophase... 2. Metaphase... 3. Anaphase... 4. Telophase
16 terms
Chapter 10 Cell division AKA Mitosis
Prokaryotes divide through
Eukaryotes divide through
All DNA
DNA is
binary fission
mitosis
Linear polymer of nucleotides
Negative
Prokaryotes divide through
binary fission
Eukaryotes divide through
mitosis
35 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Cell Division/ Mitosis
Centromere
Gene
Cancer
Tumor
The region where chromatids are bound together (in the middle)
A segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
Group of diseases caused by uncontrolled cell growth
A mass of cells that grow very fast and that lack a function
Centromere
The region where chromatids are bound together (in the middle)
Gene
A segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
45 terms
Chapter 10: Cell Cycle/Division (Mitosis)
G1, S, G2, M
Prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, ana…
Mitosis
Prophase
What are the stages of the cell cycle
What are the stages of mitosis?
Distributes duplicated DNA to the two daughter cells identica…
this happens in what stage? chromosomes condense into compact…
G1, S, G2, M
What are the stages of the cell cycle
Prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, ana…
What are the stages of mitosis?
24 terms
Unit 7 Chapter 10 Mitosis, Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
The formation of two new cells from an existing cell.
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
cell division
The formation of two new cells from an existing cell.
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
30 terms
Chapter 10 Cell Division Mitosis and Meiosis
chromatin
chromosomes
chromatids
centromere
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
created just before division begins, chromatin strands coil a…
the identical strands of chromosomes that are present during…
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromatin
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
chromosomes
created just before division begins, chromatin strands coil a…
44 terms
Biology- Chapter 10: Cell Division and Mitosis
Cytokinesis
cell cycle
Mitosis
Meiosis
the division of the cytoplasm
the period of growth followed by nuclear division and cytokin…
nuclear division part of the cell cycle
the division of diploid cells to haploid progeny, consisting…
Cytokinesis
the division of the cytoplasm
cell cycle
the period of growth followed by nuclear division and cytokin…
35 terms
Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division/Mitosis
Cell Division
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
...
...
...
...
Cell Division
...
Chromosomes
...
17 terms
Chapter 10 - Meiosis, Mitosis, Cell Division
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Telophase
"In-between" phase of growth
First phase of mitosis. Cells begin to divide and chromosomes…
second phase of mitosis. Chromosomes line up in the middle of…
The fourth and final stage of mitosis. A nuclear membrane for…
Interphase
"In-between" phase of growth
Prophase
First phase of mitosis. Cells begin to divide and chromosomes…
10 terms
Biology - Chapter 10 Cell Division and Mitosis
More demands on DNA and hard moving th…
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Chromatids
Limits to cell division (2)
compact structure of tightly coiled DNA
threadlike complex of DNA and proteins in nucleus
Each replicated chromosomes consists of two identical sister…
More demands on DNA and hard moving th…
Limits to cell division (2)
Chromosomes
compact structure of tightly coiled DNA
16 terms
Chapter 10: Chromosomes and Cell Division (Mitosis and Meiosis)
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Histones
Nucleosomes
major carries of genetic information in eukaryotes within the…
a material consisting of DNA and associated proteins that mak…
proteins that package a eukaryotic cell's DNA into chromosomes
structures made up of positively charged histones bonding wit…
Chromosomes
major carries of genetic information in eukaryotes within the…
Chromatin
a material consisting of DNA and associated proteins that mak…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division (Mitosis)
Define mitosis.
What are the four phases in mitosis?
What occurs during prophase?
What occurs during metaphase?
part of eukaryotic cell division which the cell nucleus divides
1. Prophase... 2. Metaphase... 3. Anaphase... 4. Telophase
genetic material condenses/duplicated chromosomes become visi…
centromeres of chromosomes line up along the equator; spindle…
Define mitosis.
part of eukaryotic cell division which the cell nucleus divides
What are the four phases in mitosis?
1. Prophase... 2. Metaphase... 3. Anaphase... 4. Telophase
68 terms
Chapter 10 Biology: Cell Division and Mitosis
What is responisble for moving chromos…
In what phase does a cell spend most o…
what are chromatids? How do they diffe…
what is a centormere?
Spindle fibers
Interphase
Chromatids are one of two duplicated part of the replicated c…
is an area on chromosomes where spindle fibers attach and pul…
What is responisble for moving chromos…
Spindle fibers
In what phase does a cell spend most o…
Interphase
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division (Mitosis)
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
process by which a cell... divides into two new daughter cells
production of genetically identical... offspring from a single p…
involves the... fusion of two separate parent cells
Genetic information is bundled into packages of... DNA
Cell Division
process by which a cell... divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
production of genetically identical... offspring from a single p…
22 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from 2 parents unite to f…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
40 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis
chromatid
centromere
interphase
cell cycle
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell division
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
centromere
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
40 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis
chromatid
centromere
interphase
cell cycle
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell division
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
centromere
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Bio Chapter 10-11 (Cell Division- Mitosis and Meiosis)
Billions
Mitosis
Replacing things
5 million
How many cells can be found in a new born baby?
Cell division makes us taller, shorter, or wider in a process…
When we grow up Mitosis is used for?
We make ______ blood cells per second
Billions
How many cells can be found in a new born baby?
Mitosis
Cell division makes us taller, shorter, or wider in a process…
179 terms
BIOLOGY - CHAPTER 10: Cell Division - Mitosis and Cell Cycle
what does prokaryotic cell division oc…
what happens during binary fission?
how does the genetic information in a…
what is a nucleoid?
binary fission
cell divides into two halves
single, circular double-stranded DNA molecule
single, circular double-stranded DNA molecule
what does prokaryotic cell division oc…
binary fission
what happens during binary fission?
cell divides into two halves
12 terms
cell division and mitosis Ch 10
cell division
chromatid
centromere
interphase
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
chromatid
one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Chapter 10 Mitosis
DNA replication and cell growth
anaphase
metaphase
sister chromatids
two things needed for cell division to take place
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids are separated
phase of mitosis where chromosomes line up in the middle of t…
identical copies of a replicated chromosomes; attached at a c…
DNA replication and cell growth
two things needed for cell division to take place
anaphase
phase of mitosis where sister chromatids are separated
32 terms
Chapter 10: Mitosis
Parent Cell
Daughter Cell
DNA
Double Helix
original cell before it divides
2 new cells that form from parent cell
molecule that carries genetic information
twisted ladder shape of DNA
Parent Cell
original cell before it divides
Daughter Cell
2 new cells that form from parent cell
28 terms
Bio Chapter 10 Mitosis
Two main reasons why cells divide rath…
surface area and volume
Cell division
Asexual Reproduction
1) the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
cube SA : V = 6:1 ... cube triple the size SA : V = 2:1... surface…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Two main reasons why cells divide rath…
1) the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
surface area and volume
cube SA : V = 6:1 ... cube triple the size SA : V = 2:1... surface…
101 terms
Honors Biology-Chapter 10 and 11.4 Cell Division and Mitosis
Why must cells divide?
All multicellular organisms depend on…
What must cells do in order to sustain…
Reproduction allows new organisms to b…
For growth,repair, and reproduction
Cell division
The organism must replace dead or damaged cells
The continuation of the species
Why must cells divide?
For growth,repair, and reproduction
All multicellular organisms depend on…
Cell division
24 terms
Chapter 10 - Cell Division
cell division
surface area to volume
DNA
chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Cells reproduce when they get too large so they can keep thei…
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands get placed on its…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
surface area to volume
Cells reproduce when they get too large so they can keep thei…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division Part 1: Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatin
Centromere
Chromatid
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Substances found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of D…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
One of the two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chrom…
Chromosome
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Chromatin
Substances found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of D…
33 terms
Chapter 10: Mitosis
What are the 6 phases in cell division
In the phases: Interphase, prophase, m…
What are the divisions in interphase?
What is the reason for cell division?
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokin…
Interphase
G1, S, G2
Replace dying cells (repair)... Growth... Reproduction
What are the 6 phases in cell division
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokin…
In the phases: Interphase, prophase, m…
Interphase
48 terms
Chapter 10 Cell Division
1) difficulties in transporting materi…
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
Why are cells limited in size?
The production of genetically identical offspirng from a sing…
The production of offspring that has genetic information inhe…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA called
1) difficulties in transporting materi…
Why are cells limited in size?
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspirng from a sing…
30 terms
Chapter 10: cell division and mitosis: biology the dynamic science
chromosome
centromere
chromatin
genes
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
centromere
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
11 terms
10-0 Cell Division and Mitosis
Mitosis
Chromosome
Gene
Trait
Cell division
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A specific characteristic that an organism can pass to its of…
Mitosis
Cell division
Chromosome
DNA of organism, structure in a cell that contains DNA
22 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis Vocabulary
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
The most basic physical unit of heredity; a segment of nuclei…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance that composes eukaryotic chromosomes; it consis…
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
The most basic physical unit of heredity; a segment of nuclei…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Mitosis
chromatid
centromere
interphase
cell cycle
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell division
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a cell duplicated chro…
centromere
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
28 terms
Chapter 10- Mitosis
Chromosome
Chromatin
Centromere
Sister chromatids
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
a substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of…
region of a chromosomes where the two sister chromatids
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosomes
Chromosome
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Chromatin
a substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of…
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