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Study sets matching "chapter 10 general psychology"

20 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
Motivation
Instincts
Drive
Need
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
aroused state that occurs because of a psychological need
deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce t…
Motivation
force that moves people to behave, think and feel how they do
Instincts
innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is ass…
32 terms
General Psychology 210 - Chapter 10
Personality
What shapes personality?
Characteristics that make up personali…
Hippocrates Humors
Psychological qualities that bring continuity to an individua…
Personality is shaped by the combined forces of biological, s…
-biology & evolution... -development... -nurture (environment) ... -so…
Four bodily fluids that, according to ancient theory, control…
Personality
Psychological qualities that bring continuity to an individua…
What shapes personality?
Personality is shaped by the combined forces of biological, s…
66 terms
Chapter 10 - General Psychology
developmental psychology
longitudinal design
cross sectional design
cohort effect
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
research design that examines development in the same group o…
research design that examines people of different ages at a s…
observed group differences based on the era when people were…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
longitudinal design
research design that examines development in the same group o…
39 terms
General psychology chapter 10
Freud considered _____ to be the prima…
According to Freud, the ego _____ . ... A…
Cookie Monster, one of the characters…
According to Freud, the __ is your con…
B
C
A
C
Freud considered _____ to be the prima…
B
According to Freud, the ego _____ . ... A…
C
16 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Behavioral Model
Biopsychosocial Model
Bipolar Disorder
Cognitive Model
A scientific approach to psychology concerned only with oberv…
A scientific approach to psychology that considers biological…
A mental disorder characterized by alternating periods of ext…
A scientific approach to psychology emphasizing the need to u…
Behavioral Model
A scientific approach to psychology concerned only with oberv…
Biopsychosocial Model
A scientific approach to psychology that considers biological…
39 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Source Misattribution
Confabulation
Causes of Confabulation
Explicit Memory
The inability to distinguish an actual memory of an event fro…
Confusion of an event that happened to someone else with one…
You have thought, heard, or told others abut the imagined eve…
Conscious, intentional recollection of an event or of an item…
Source Misattribution
The inability to distinguish an actual memory of an event fro…
Confabulation
Confusion of an event that happened to someone else with one…
General Psychology Chapter 10
Personality
Sigmund Freud
Freuds Theory
Techniques for revealing the unconscio…
Characteristics an individual displays (an individuals charac…
- Started as a physician... -He decided to explore how mental an…
Psychoanalysis
Free association (encourages patient to speak whatever comes…
Personality
Characteristics an individual displays (an individuals charac…
Sigmund Freud
- Started as a physician... -He decided to explore how mental an…
26 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
motivation
instinct
drive
need
The force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the wa…
An innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
An aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need.
A deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce…
motivation
The force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the wa…
instinct
An innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
General Psychology Chapter 10
Id
Ego
Superego
Displacement
Consists of unconscious drives and is the individual's reserv…
The Freudian structure of personality that deals with the dem…
Is the harsh internal judge of our behavior. It is reflected…
Directs unacceptable Id impulses at a less threatening target.
Id
Consists of unconscious drives and is the individual's reserv…
Ego
The Freudian structure of personality that deals with the dem…
49 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Accommodation
Ambivalent Attachment
Anal Expulsive
Anal Retentive
happens when the information is so new or unique that we rest…
the child will cry a great deal and become very upset when th…
children with this fixation are recognized as adults by being…
Freud said you can recognize this fixation in adults as indiv…
Accommodation
happens when the information is so new or unique that we rest…
Ambivalent Attachment
the child will cry a great deal and become very upset when th…
54 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
abnormal psychology
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manu…
biopsychosocial approach
specific anxiety disorders
the scientific study of mental disorders and their treatment.
The current version of the American Psychiatric Association's…
Explaining abnormality as the result of the interaction among…
Specific phobia, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), ago…
abnormal psychology
the scientific study of mental disorders and their treatment.
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manu…
The current version of the American Psychiatric Association's…
26 terms
General Psychology - Chapter 10
Intelligence-
intelligence test-
general intelligence (g)-
factor analysis-
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
Intelligence-
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
intelligence test-
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
30 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
social psychology
conformity
group think
confederates
culture impacting the individual
changing ones own behavior to more closely match others
when a group all thinks as one and comes up with ideas that t…
people involved in an experiment who know what is going on; a…
social psychology
culture impacting the individual
conformity
changing ones own behavior to more closely match others
18 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
Motivation
Instinct
Drive-Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
is a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a…
an attempt to explain behavior as arising from a physiologica…
refers to the body's tendency to maintain a balanced or const…
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
is a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a…
16 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
The ability to learn from experience,…
Spearman's g factor refers to
Howard Gardner identified a total of _…
Compared with Gardner, Sternberg has i…
Intelligence
A general intelligence that underlies successful performance…
Eight
Fewer; More
The ability to learn from experience,…
Intelligence
Spearman's g factor refers to
A general intelligence that underlies successful performance…
38 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Sigmung Freud
The structure of personality
id
ego
the father of psychoanalysis
id... ego... superego
present at birth, represents biological drives and is entirel…
begins to develop during the first year of life, because a ch…
Sigmung Freud
the father of psychoanalysis
The structure of personality
id... ego... superego
24 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10
What is the medical/Biological view of…
What is the Psychodyamic model
What is the behavioral model
What is the cognitive model
viewing mental illness as one views medical illness
Freudian approach to psychology that interprets personality i…
scientific approach to psychology concerned only with observa…
scientific approach to psychology emphasizing the need to und…
What is the medical/Biological view of…
viewing mental illness as one views medical illness
What is the Psychodyamic model
Freudian approach to psychology that interprets personality i…
59 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10 Personality
Social Cognitive Theory
Reciprocal Determinisim
Self-efficacy
Collective Unconscious
Albert Bandura's theory of personality, which emphasizes the…
A model proposed by psychologist Albert Bandura that explains…
The beliefs that people have about their ability to meet the…
Deepest part of the individuals psyche; shared by all people…
Social Cognitive Theory
Albert Bandura's theory of personality, which emphasizes the…
Reciprocal Determinisim
A model proposed by psychologist Albert Bandura that explains…
10 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Intelligence
Ratio IQ
Deviation IQ
Factor Analysis
Is the ability to direct one's thinking, adapt to one's circu…
A statistic obtained by dividing a person's mental age by the…
A statistic obtained by dividing a person's tests score by th…
A statistical technique that explains a large number of corre…
Intelligence
Is the ability to direct one's thinking, adapt to one's circu…
Ratio IQ
A statistic obtained by dividing a person's mental age by the…
17 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Social Psychology
Social Influence
Conformity
Groupthink
influence of real, imagined or implied presence of others.
effects of real or imagined others
Changing behavior to match others
more concern for group cohesion than assessing facts
Social Psychology
influence of real, imagined or implied presence of others.
Social Influence
effects of real or imagined others
19 terms
Chapter 10 General Psychology
Motivation
Hierarchy
Abraham Maslow
Ghrelin
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior toward a…
The order of ranks in a system
"Hierarchy of Needs," known for establishing a theory of a hi…
hormone produced by your stomach when your hungry
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior toward a…
Hierarchy
The order of ranks in a system
11 terms
General psychology chapter 10
Motivation
Instinct
Drive - reduction theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
A complex behavior that is rigidly pattern throughout a speci…
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state.
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Instinct
A complex behavior that is rigidly pattern throughout a speci…
37 terms
general psychology chapter 10
social norms
social rules
Zimbardo
Milgram
rules that regulate social life... -explicit laws... -implicit conv…
a given position that is governed by a set of norms for prope…
prison experiment ... why people do bad things?... half guards half…
Shocking people... obedience
social norms
rules that regulate social life... -explicit laws... -implicit conv…
social rules
a given position that is governed by a set of norms for prope…
24 terms
General psychology chapter 10
Sex
Gender
Sexuality
Androgens
The classification of someone as male for female based on bio…
The dimension of masculinity and femininity based on social,…
Sexual activities, attitudes, and behaviors
The male hormones secreted by the testes in males and by the…
Sex
The classification of someone as male for female based on bio…
Gender
The dimension of masculinity and femininity based on social,…
28 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Freud's Psychodynamic Theory
ID
Ego
Superego
Sigmund Freud's perspective, which emphasizes the importance…
The psychic structure, present at birth, that represents phys…
The second psychic structure to develop, characterized by sel…
The third psychic structure, which functions as a moral guard…
Freud's Psychodynamic Theory
Sigmund Freud's perspective, which emphasizes the importance…
ID
The psychic structure, present at birth, that represents phys…
23 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Gender nonconformity
biological sex
XX sex chromosomes
XY sex chromosomes
Some people don't feel especially male or female. Other peopl…
The physical aspects of a person's sex.
The genetic material that determines one aspect of the biolog…
The genetic material that determines one aspect of the biolog…
Gender nonconformity
Some people don't feel especially male or female. Other peopl…
biological sex
The physical aspects of a person's sex.
12 terms
Chapter 10 General Psychology
Teratogens
Examples of teratogens
Object permanence
Conservation
Harmful things to a child (birth defect), 1%-4% have a birth…
Viruses early in pregnancy, prescription drugs, alcohol which…
Objects still exist even when they can not be seen
Logical thinking ability, does not develop until 7 years old…
Teratogens
Harmful things to a child (birth defect), 1%-4% have a birth…
Examples of teratogens
Viruses early in pregnancy, prescription drugs, alcohol which…
61 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
developmental psychology
post-hoc fallacy
cross-sectional design
cohort effects
the study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
design in which researchers examine people who are of differe…
effects due to the fact that sets of people who lived during…
developmental psychology
the study of how behavior changes over the lifespan
post-hoc fallacy
false assumption that because one event occurred before anoth…
37 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Germinal Stage
Embryonic Stage
the study of continuity and change across the life span
a fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm…
the 2-week period that begins at conception
a period that lasts from the second week until about the eigh…
Developmental Psychology
the study of continuity and change across the life span
Zygote
a fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from both a sperm…
29 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
conscious
brain death
coma
vegetative state
subjective experience of perceiving oneself and one's surroun…
the brain shows no activity and response to stimulus
the brain shows a steady but low level of activity and no res…
when person starts to emerge from coma, limited response to s…
conscious
subjective experience of perceiving oneself and one's surroun…
brain death
the brain shows no activity and response to stimulus
37 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Personality
Psychodynamic theory
Id
Ego
the reasonably stable patterns of emotions, motives, and beha…
emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives and conflict…
present at birth, represents biological drives and is entirel…
beings to develop during the first year, characterized by sel…
Personality
the reasonably stable patterns of emotions, motives, and beha…
Psychodynamic theory
emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives and conflict…
44 terms
General Psychology chapter 10 YSU
Psychosomatic approaches to personality
Psychoanalytic Theory
Unconscious
Id
Personality is primarily unconscious and motivated by inner f…
Freud's theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of…
Part of personality that contains memories, knowledge, belief…
Raw, unorganized, inborn part of personality whose sole purpo…
Psychosomatic approaches to personality
Personality is primarily unconscious and motivated by inner f…
Psychoanalytic Theory
Freud's theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of…
49 terms
General Psychology, Chapter 10
developmental psychology
cross-sectional design
longitudinal design
cohort effects
the study of change and stability of human physical, cognitiv…
used to measure and compare samples of people at different ag…
follows the development of the same set of individuals over t…
consequences of being born in a particular year or narrow ran…
developmental psychology
the study of change and stability of human physical, cognitiv…
cross-sectional design
used to measure and compare samples of people at different ag…
20 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
The study of change and stability of h…
Some argue that there are 2 patterns o…
Some argue that there are 2 patterns o…
A brief period when exposure to a spec…
developmental psychology
stages
continuously
sensitive period
The study of change and stability of h…
developmental psychology
Some argue that there are 2 patterns o…
stages
39 terms
General Psychology, Chapter 10
the force that moves people to behave,…
something in the environment that turn…
an innate (unlearned) biological patte…
an aroused state that occurs because o…
motivation
sign stimulus
instinct
drive
the force that moves people to behave,…
motivation
something in the environment that turn…
sign stimulus
18 terms
General PSychology Chapter 10
Genes
Chromosomes (number)
DNA
evolutionary psychology
"our biological blueprint"; the most basic unit of heredity
threadlike molecules of DNA; 46 arranged in 23 pairs
each molecule contains thousands of genes
the study of the evolution of behavior using the principle of…
Genes
"our biological blueprint"; the most basic unit of heredity
Chromosomes (number)
threadlike molecules of DNA; 46 arranged in 23 pairs
39 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Latency Stage
(Freud) Birth to Age 1: Mouth is primary focus of pleasurable…
(Freud) Age 1 to 3: Anus is primary focus of pleasure sensati…
(Freud) Age 3 to 6: Oedipus Complex, the genitals are the pri…
(Freud) Age 7 to 11: Sexual impulses become repressed and dor…
Oral Stage
(Freud) Birth to Age 1: Mouth is primary focus of pleasurable…
Anal Stage
(Freud) Age 1 to 3: Anus is primary focus of pleasure sensati…
46 terms
Intro General Psychology Chapter 10
Theories of Motivation
Evolutionary Approach
Drive Reduction Theory
Optimum Arousal Theory
•Evolutionary Approach... •Drive Reduction Theory... •Optimum Arous…
instincts
drives, needs, and... homeostasis
-Yerkes-Dodson law ... -overlearning
Theories of Motivation
•Evolutionary Approach... •Drive Reduction Theory... •Optimum Arous…
Evolutionary Approach
instincts
21 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10
Personality
Psychoanalytical Perspective
We have powerful, but largely unconsci…
Personality is determined by conflicts…
Pervasive pattern of interacting with the world and ourselves…
Point of view. Psycho dynamic
Assumption 1 of Psycho-Dynamic Perspective
Assumption 2 of Psycho-Dynamic Perspective
Personality
Pervasive pattern of interacting with the world and ourselves…
Psychoanalytical Perspective
Point of view. Psycho dynamic
15 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10 Intelligence
intelligence
ratio IQ
deviation IQ
factor analysis
The ability to direct one's thinking, adapt to one's circumst…
A statistic obtained by diving a person's mental age by the p…
A statistic obtained by dividing a person's test score by the…
A statistical technique that explains a large amout of correa…
intelligence
The ability to direct one's thinking, adapt to one's circumst…
ratio IQ
A statistic obtained by diving a person's mental age by the p…
23 terms
Psychology Chapter 10 General Terms
adolescence
puberty
secondary sex characteristics
primary sex characteristics
the period of life beginning at puberty and ending with early…
the stage of development at which individuals become physiolo…
physical characteristics that differentiate males and females…
physical characteristics, such as the gonads, that differenti…
adolescence
the period of life beginning at puberty and ending with early…
puberty
the stage of development at which individuals become physiolo…
10 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10 quiz
secure attachment
feelings of shame and doubt
eight; psychosocial crises
embryonic
One-year-old Beth will explore a room when her mother is pres…
Craig is two years old, and he likes to put on his own coat a…
Erikson divided the life span into ____ stages associated wit…
At the end of the ____ stage of prenatal development, the dev…
secure attachment
One-year-old Beth will explore a room when her mother is pres…
feelings of shame and doubt
Craig is two years old, and he likes to put on his own coat a…
24 terms
General Psychology IQ Chapter 10
Sir Frances Galton
Spearman's G factor
Linguistic
Logical-Mathematical
He studied in eugenics and human Intelligence. He believe tha…
A general intelligence successful performance on wide variety…
T.S Eliot, poet
Albert Einstein, scientist
Sir Frances Galton
He studied in eugenics and human Intelligence. He believe tha…
Spearman's G factor
A general intelligence successful performance on wide variety…
52 terms
General Psychology Study Guide Chapter 10
personality
psychodynamic approaches to personality
psychoanalytic theory
unconscious
is the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consi…
approaches that assume that personality is primarily unconsci…
Freud's theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of…
a part of the personality that contains memories, knowledge,…
personality
is the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consi…
psychodynamic approaches to personality
approaches that assume that personality is primarily unconsci…
37 terms
General Psychology Chapter 10 Stress and Health
stress
stressors
flight-or-flight
sympathetic
The process by which we perceive and respond to stressors.
Events that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
An emergency response, including activity of the sympathetic…
Part of the nervous system that reacts when we experience ala…
stress
The process by which we perceive and respond to stressors.
stressors
Events that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
44 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10 Review Terms
Developmental Psychology
Formal-operational
Sensor-motor
Post conventional
The study of how people grow and change throughout the life s…
Fourth and final stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive develo…
First stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive development, infa…
Reasoning based on a person's own moral standards of goodness
Developmental Psychology
The study of how people grow and change throughout the life s…
Formal-operational
Fourth and final stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive develo…
39 terms
General Psychology: Chapter 10 - Life Span Development
sensitive period
reflexes
teratogen
cohort effects
A window of time in which exposure to a specific type of envi…
An involuntary muscle reaction to a specific type of stimulat…
A substance, such as a drug, that is capable of producing phy…
Consequences of being born in a particular year or narrow ran…
sensitive period
A window of time in which exposure to a specific type of envi…
reflexes
An involuntary muscle reaction to a specific type of stimulat…
39 terms
General Psychology: King- Chapter 10 (Personality)
Personality
Psychodynamic Perspectives
Sigmund Freud
Structures of Personality
A pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and be…
Theoretical views emphasizing that personality is primarily u…
-Believed that sex was anything that provided organ pleasure.…
id (it), ego (I), and superego (above-I).
Personality
A pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and be…
Psychodynamic Perspectives
Theoretical views emphasizing that personality is primarily u…
General Psychology Terms - Chapter 10: intelligence
Intelligence
Intelligence Test
General Intelligence (g)
Factor Analysis
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and…
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
Intelligence
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
Intelligence Test
A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and c…
74 terms
Chapter 10: PSY 2010 - General Psychology (Doug Hensley)
Social psychology
Social influence
Conformity
Groupthink
Psychology that looks at behavior and mental processes but al…
The process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
Changing one's own behavior to match that of other people.
Occurs when people place more importance on maintaining group…
Social psychology
Psychology that looks at behavior and mental processes but al…
Social influence
The process through which the real or implied presence of oth…
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