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Study sets matching "chapter 10 sociology"

26 terms
Sociology Chapter 10 Terms
Race
Ethnicity
Ethnic Group
Minority Group
A category of people who share inherited physical characteris…
The set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one gr…
A group of people who share a common cultural background and…
A group of people who - because of their physical characteris…
Race
A category of people who share inherited physical characteris…
Ethnicity
The set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one gr…
18 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
power
symbolic interactionist
extrinsic religiosity
media
The ability to impose one's will on others is called __.
Consider the major theoretical perspectives routinely explore…
Kathy attends church on Sundays as well as Wednesday evenings…
According to this figure what was the largest presidential ca…
power
The ability to impose one's will on others is called __.
symbolic interactionist
Consider the major theoretical perspectives routinely explore…
57 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
A ____________________ is a category o…
Race has little meaning biologically d…
What are the 5 Characteristics of Ethn…
If we look at U.S. Census Bureau class…
race ... Ex. Skin color, hair texture, eye shape, or other attr…
True
- Unique cultural traits... - A sense of community... - A feeling o…
False. It does change.
A ____________________ is a category o…
race ... Ex. Skin color, hair texture, eye shape, or other attr…
Race has little meaning biologically d…
True
26 terms
Chapter 10 Sociology Vocab
race
ethnicity
ethnic group
minority group
category of people who share physical characteristics & whom…
set of cultural characterisitcs that distinguishes one group…
people who share a common background & common sense of identity
category of people who share physical characteristics or cult…
race
category of people who share physical characteristics & whom…
ethnicity
set of cultural characterisitcs that distinguishes one group…
22 terms
Chapter 10 Sociology Vocab
race
ethnicity
ethnic group
minority group
category of people who share physical characteristics & whom…
set of cultural characterisitcs that distinguishes one group…
people who share a common background & common sense of identity
category of people who share physical characteristics or cult…
race
category of people who share physical characteristics & whom…
ethnicity
set of cultural characterisitcs that distinguishes one group…
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Sexism
Managed care
Medicaid
"Graying of America"
the belief that one sex is by nature superior to the other
one popular method of controlling health expenditures by usin…
the state and federally funded health insurance plan for low-…
the idea that over the next several decades the percentage of…
Sexism
the belief that one sex is by nature superior to the other
Managed care
one popular method of controlling health expenditures by usin…
29 terms
Beach Sociology Chapter 10
Transexuals
Sex
Intersexed or hermaphroditic
Gender
Individuals who identify with the opposite sex and have surge…
An individual's membership in one of two biologically distinc…
Terms to describe a person whose chromosomes or sex character…
The physical, behavioral, and personality traits that a group…
Transexuals
Individuals who identify with the opposite sex and have surge…
Sex
An individual's membership in one of two biologically distinc…
25 terms
sociology chapter 10
the anatomical or other biological dif…
norms, roles, and behaviors associated…
transgender
socially constructed and dynamic, cont…
sex is defined as
gender is defined as
people whose idenity, experssion, or behaivor differs from th…
gender roles
the anatomical or other biological dif…
sex is defined as
norms, roles, and behaviors associated…
gender is defined as
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Sex
Biological determinism
Gender identity
Gender socialization
the classification of people as male or female based on biolo…
the principle that behavior differences are the result of inh…
a sense of being male or female based on learned cultural val…
the social process of learning how to act as a boy or girl
Sex
the classification of people as male or female based on biolo…
Biological determinism
the principle that behavior differences are the result of inh…
18 terms
Sociology chapter 10
Biological determinism
Gender
Gender identity
Sexual harassment
The attribution of behavioral differences to inherited physic…
The expectations and behaviors associated with a sex category…
Unawareness of being masculine or feminine based on culture
The use of one superior power in making unwelcome sexual adva…
Biological determinism
The attribution of behavioral differences to inherited physic…
Gender
The expectations and behaviors associated with a sex category…
86 terms
Sociology CHAPTER 10
interpersonal attraction
similarity attraction
self disclosure
reciprocal liking
depends on similarity, self disclosure, reciprocity, and prox…
convenient ... validation of our own values... opposites attract on…
share our feelings without being judged... the other person als…
we like it when people are liking us back
interpersonal attraction
depends on similarity, self disclosure, reciprocity, and prox…
similarity attraction
convenient ... validation of our own values... opposites attract on…
45 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Gender
Gender stratification
Kibbutzim (The Israeli Kibbutz)
Margaret Mead
the personal traits & social positions that members of a soci…
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, & privilege betwee…
Israel collective settlements... -Kibbutzim have become less col…
-Anthropologist... -If gender is based in the biological differe…
Gender
the personal traits & social positions that members of a soci…
Gender stratification
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, & privilege betwee…
48 terms
Chapter 10 sociology
Marriage is now viewed more as an expr…
One of the central concerns of divorce…
The increase of divorce and remarriage…
In modern society, the ___ as an insti…
personal fulfillment, social obligation
children
family diversity, social class inequality, and social change
state
Marriage is now viewed more as an expr…
personal fulfillment, social obligation
One of the central concerns of divorce…
children
18 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Black Feminism
Comparable Worth
Feminist Theory
Gender
A strand of feminist theory that highlights the multiple disa…
Policies that attempt to remedy the gender pay gap by adjusti…
A sociological perspective that emphasizes the centrality of…
Social expectations about behavior regarded as appropriate fo…
Black Feminism
A strand of feminist theory that highlights the multiple disa…
Comparable Worth
Policies that attempt to remedy the gender pay gap by adjusti…
25 terms
Sociology chapter 10 terms
Absolute poverty
Authority
Caste system
Colonization
Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
Possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
Stratification system based on heredity, with little movement…
Process of expanding economic markets by invading and establi…
Absolute poverty
Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
Authority
Possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
34 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
The process by which a minority become…
The 1913 Alien Land Law of California…
Like other immigrant groups, Middle Ea…
Stereotypes are
assimilation
Japanese
formed ethnic enclaves
oversimplified statements of belief about members of a partic…
The process by which a minority become…
assimilation
The 1913 Alien Land Law of California…
Japanese
23 terms
Chapter 10 Sociology
Sex
Gender
Gender Socialization
Social Construction of Gender
The biological and anatomical differences distinguishing fema…
Society's expectations of behavior depending on the gender yo…
the learning of norms and behaviors of gender roles through s…
The learning of gender roles through socialization and intera…
Sex
The biological and anatomical differences distinguishing fema…
Gender
Society's expectations of behavior depending on the gender yo…
33 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Bilineal
Cohabitation
Complementary needs
Egalitarian authority
An arrangement based on reckoning descent and transmitting pr…
An intimate relationship that involves sharing living quarter…
Two different personality traits that are the counterparts of…
An arrangement in which power and authority are equally distr…
Bilineal
An arrangement based on reckoning descent and transmitting pr…
Cohabitation
An intimate relationship that involves sharing living quarter…
20 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
mongoloid
negroid
caucasoid
ethnic groups
yellow and brown
black
white
share a sense of culture
mongoloid
yellow and brown
negroid
black
27 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Affirmative Action
Amalgamation
Antisemitism
Apartheid
Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women,…
The process through which a majority group and a minority gro…
Anti Jewish prejudice.
A former policy of the South African government, designed to…
Affirmative Action
Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women,…
Amalgamation
The process through which a majority group and a minority gro…
27 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Racial Group
Ethnic Group
Minority Group
Social Construction of Race
Group set apart from others because of obvious physical diffe…
Group set apart from others primarily because of its national…
Subordinate group whose members have significantly less contr…
Society socially constructs which differences are important
Racial Group
Group set apart from others because of obvious physical diffe…
Ethnic Group
Group set apart from others primarily because of its national…
19 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
ethnicity
race
essentialism
minority group
shared cultural heritage often deriving from a common ancestr…
a category of people widely perceived as sharing sociallly si…
the idea that supposedly natural and imutable differences sep…
a collection of people who suffer disadvantages and have less…
ethnicity
shared cultural heritage often deriving from a common ancestr…
race
a category of people widely perceived as sharing sociallly si…
27 terms
Sociology chapter 10 Giddens
Apartheid
Assimilation
Diaspora
Discrimination
The system of racial segregation established in South Africa.
The acceptance of a minority group by a majority population,…
The dispersal of an ethnic population from an original homela…
Behavior that denies to the members of a particular group res…
Apartheid
The system of racial segregation established in South Africa.
Assimilation
The acceptance of a minority group by a majority population,…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Race
Ethnic group
Racial-ethnic group
Dominant group
People who share physical characteristics, such as skin color…
A group of people who identify with a common national origin…
A group of people who have distinctive physical and cultural…
Any physically or culturally distinctive group that has the m…
Race
People who share physical characteristics, such as skin color…
Ethnic group
A group of people who identify with a common national origin…
75 terms
Seeing Sociology Chapter 10
Economic System
Goods
Service
Capitalism
The social institution that coordinates human activity to pro…
Any product that is extracted from the earth, manufactured, o…
Activities performed for others that result in no tangible pr…
An economic system in which the raw materials and the means o…
Economic System
The social institution that coordinates human activity to pro…
Goods
Any product that is extracted from the earth, manufactured, o…
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
family of orientation
family of procreation
exogamy
endogamy
the family into which we are born
the family we create ourselves
norms governing the choice of a mate that requires individual…
norms that require individuals to marry inside certain human…
family of orientation
the family into which we are born
family of procreation
the family we create ourselves
39 terms
Sociology Chapter 10 terms
social institutions
politics
government
power
Systems and structures within society that shape the activiti…
Methods and tactics intended to influence government policy,…
The formal, organized agency that exercises power and control…
The ability to impose one's will on others
social institutions
Systems and structures within society that shape the activiti…
politics
Methods and tactics intended to influence government policy,…
36 terms
Essentials of Sociology Chapter 10 Henslin
gender stratification
sex
gender
The sociological significance of gende…
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and priviledge bet…
the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of the…
in psychology, the biologically and socially influenced chara…
that it is a device by which society controls it's members
gender stratification
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and priviledge bet…
sex
the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of the…
25 terms
Sociology: Chapter 10
Absolute poverty
Authority
Caste system
Colonization
Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
Possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
Stratification system based on heredity, with little movement…
Process of expanding economic markets by invading and establi…
Absolute poverty
Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
Authority
Possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
47 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Social Institutions
Politics
Government
Power
systems and structures within society that shape the activiti…
methods and tactics intended to influence government policy,…
the formal, organized agency that exercises power and control…
the ability to impose one's will on others
Social Institutions
systems and structures within society that shape the activiti…
Politics
methods and tactics intended to influence government policy,…
14 terms
Chapter 10 vocab sociology
Downward social mobility
Upward Social mobility
Anomie
Income
movement down the social class ladder
movement up the social class ladder
instability caused by an erosion of value or lack of purpose.…
Revenue
Downward social mobility
movement down the social class ladder
Upward Social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
33 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Racial group
Ethnic group
Minority group
Color line
Group set apart from others because of obvious physical diffe…
Group set apart from others primarily because of its national…
Subordinate group whose members have significantly less contr…
Racial segregation after the abolishment of slavery.
Racial group
Group set apart from others because of obvious physical diffe…
Ethnic group
Group set apart from others primarily because of its national…
5 terms
Sociology- Chapter 10
Social Stratification
Inequality
Slavery
Feudalism
Subfield of sociology that examines inequalities among indivi…
Unequal distribution of valued goods and opportunities in soc…
Social system that denies some individuals all basic rights,…
Social order based on agriculture in which those who own land…
Social Stratification
Subfield of sociology that examines inequalities among indivi…
Inequality
Unequal distribution of valued goods and opportunities in soc…
14 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Gender stratification
sex
gender
patriarchy
males' and females' unequal access to property, power, and pr…
biological characteristics that distinguish females and males…
the behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper f…
men-as-a-group dominating women-as-a-group; authority is vest…
Gender stratification
males' and females' unequal access to property, power, and pr…
sex
biological characteristics that distinguish females and males…
9 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Sex
Biological Determinism
Gender Identity
Gender Socialization
classification of people as male or female based on biologica…
belief that behavioral differences are the result of inherite…
an awareness of being masculine or feminine based on cultural
the social process of learning how to act as a boy or girl
Sex
classification of people as male or female based on biologica…
Biological Determinism
belief that behavioral differences are the result of inherite…
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
gender
gender stratification
matriarchy
patriarchy
-the personal traits and social positions that members of a s…
-the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege bet…
-a form of social organization in which females dominate males
-a form of social organization in which males dominate females
gender
-the personal traits and social positions that members of a s…
gender stratification
-the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege bet…
21 terms
Chapter 10. Sociology
An individual or group blamed for wron…
Which of the following statements is N…
The attribution of characteristics of…
Which groups of Americans has the high…
scapegoat
Like ethnicity for whites, being racially Asian is largely vo…
Racism
Asian Americans
An individual or group blamed for wron…
scapegoat
Which of the following statements is N…
Like ethnicity for whites, being racially Asian is largely vo…
22 terms
Sociology Chapter 10 - Inequalities of Gender and Age
Sex
Biological Determinism
Gender Identity
Margarget Mead
Classification of people as male or female based on biologica…
Principle that behavioral differences are the result of inher…
A sense of being male or female based on learned cultural val…
Studied three primitive New Guinean peoples
Sex
Classification of people as male or female based on biologica…
Biological Determinism
Principle that behavioral differences are the result of inher…
14 terms
Chapter 10 vocab sociology
Downward social mobility
Upward Social mobility
Anomie
Income
movement down the social class ladder
movement up the social class ladder
instability caused by an erosion of value or lack of purpose.…
Revenue
Downward social mobility
movement down the social class ladder
Upward Social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
sociology chapter 10
capital intensive
labor intensive
primary sector
secondary sector
- Capital-intensive production requires less labor than labor…
- requires more labor than capital intensive, - labor cost is…
- extraction of natural resources, the part of the economy th…
- processing raw materials into consumer goods.
capital intensive
- Capital-intensive production requires less labor than labor…
labor intensive
- requires more labor than capital intensive, - labor cost is…
28 terms
Sociology: Chapter 10
Poverty in which a family cannot affor…
What did Edward Banfield assert in 197…
The United States has one of the highe…
In the U.S., the incomes of the riches…
absolute
Their thinking and behavior was not future-oriented.
True
United Kingdom
Poverty in which a family cannot affor…
absolute
What did Edward Banfield assert in 197…
Their thinking and behavior was not future-oriented.
8 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Semi-peripheral nations
Gross national income (GNI)
Global feminization
Deindustrialization
In-between nations, not powerful enough to dictate policy but…
The income of a nation calculated based on goods and services…
A pattern that occurs when women bear a disproportionate perc…
The loss of industrial production, usually to peripheral and…
Semi-peripheral nations
In-between nations, not powerful enough to dictate policy but…
Gross national income (GNI)
The income of a nation calculated based on goods and services…
62 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Affirmative Action
Amalgamation
Anti-Semitism
Apartheld
Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women f…
the process through which a majority group and a minority gro…
anti-jewish prejudice
a former policy of the South African government, designed to…
Affirmative Action
Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women f…
Amalgamation
the process through which a majority group and a minority gro…
22 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
the state where one is barely able, or…
the movement (flight) of capital from…
a form of slavery in which one person…
dominant capitalist countries
Absolute Poverty
Capital Flight
Chattel Slavery
Core Nations
the state where one is barely able, or…
Absolute Poverty
the movement (flight) of capital from…
Capital Flight
5 terms
Sociology chapter 10
medicalization
sick role
Infant mortality rate
morbidity
the process by which problems or issues not traditionally see…
concept describing the social rights and obligations of a sic…
Black: 12.4... American Indian: 8.5... Whites and Hispanics: 5.3... As…
illness in a general sense
medicalization
the process by which problems or issues not traditionally see…
sick role
concept describing the social rights and obligations of a sic…
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Gender
Gender Stratification
Matriarchy
Patriarchy
The personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege betw…
A form of social organization in which females dominate males.
A form of social organization in which males dominate females.
Gender
The personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
Gender Stratification
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege betw…
16 terms
sociology chapter 10
stratisfication
four possible systems of stratisificat…
caste system
social class
the structured system of ranking entire groups of people that…
1. slavery... 2. caste system... 3. estate/ feudal system... 4. social…
you're born into a particular "caste" defined by makings or r…
group of people who share a similar economic position in soci…
stratisfication
the structured system of ranking entire groups of people that…
four possible systems of stratisificat…
1. slavery... 2. caste system... 3. estate/ feudal system... 4. social…
26 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
absolute poverty
authority
caste system
colonization
inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
stratification system based on heredity, with little movement…
process of expanding economic markets by invading and establi…
absolute poverty
inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a…
authority
possession of some status or quality that compels others to o…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
Racial Group
Ethnic Group
Institutional Discrimination
Miscegenation
people who share visible physical characteristics that member…
people who identify with a common national origin or cultural…
unequal treatment and fewer opportunities because of a societ…
marriage or sexual relations between a man and a woman of dif…
Racial Group
people who share visible physical characteristics that member…
Ethnic Group
people who identify with a common national origin or cultural…
19 terms
Sociology Chapter 10
gender
gender stratification
matriarchy
patriarchy
the personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege betw…
"rule by mothers"; a form of social organization in which fem…
"rule by fathers"; a form of social organization in which mal…
gender
the personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
gender stratification
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege betw…
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