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Study sets matching "chapter 11 anatomy physiology"

23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Olfactory System
Papillae
Pinna
3 Parts of the External Ear
Where the sense of smell comes from
The tiny bumps on thetongue
The part of the ear that can been seen on the outside
Pinna, External auditory canal, Eardrum
Olfactory System
Where the sense of smell comes from
Papillae
The tiny bumps on thetongue
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Excitability
Conductivity
Contractility
Extensibility
Physiological properties of muscle
Physiological properties of muscle 2
Physiological properties of muscle 3
Physiological properties of muscle 4
Excitability
Physiological properties of muscle
Conductivity
Physiological properties of muscle 2
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Subdivisions of the PNS
Sensory division of the PNS made up of
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
All neural tissue outside the CNS
Sensory division and motor division
Somatic sensory receptors... Special sensory receptors... Visceral…
Central Nervous System
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
Peripheral Nervous System
All neural tissue outside the CNS
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
functions of the nervous system
components of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS) components
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (P…
brain and spinal cord
functions of the nervous system
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
components of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Cardiovascular System
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
thorax, between the lungs and the infe…
Pericardium
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Where is the heart located?
Double walled sac that holds the heart
Cardiovascular System
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
The Nervous System, Chapter 11, Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
What are the four major parts of the b…
What are the three functions of the ne…
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Brain Stem, and Diencephalon
Sensory Function (Afferent), Integrative Function, and Motor…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 11
Responsiveness (Excitability), Conduct…
Skeletal
Striations
Endomysium
5 Characteristics of Muscle
Voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
Alternating light and dark transverse bands
Connective tissue around muscle cells
Responsiveness (Excitability), Conduct…
5 Characteristics of Muscle
Skeletal
Voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Aglutination
Coagulation
Embolus
Formed Elements
The clumping of red blood in an antigen-antibody reaction
The formation of a blood clot
A moving blood clot or foreign body in the blood
The solid components of blood: red blood cells, white blood c…
Aglutination
The clumping of red blood in an antigen-antibody reaction
Coagulation
The formation of a blood clot
248 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Third ventricle
Fourth ventricle
VI Abducens nerve
VII Hypoglossal nerve
Cerebral ventricle residing between the paired thalami.
Cerebral ventricle residing between the brain stem and the ce…
A/K/A abducent nerve; nerve mediating abduction of eyeball.
Cranial nerve serving muscles of the tongue.
Third ventricle
Cerebral ventricle residing between the paired thalami.
Fourth ventricle
Cerebral ventricle residing between the brain stem and the ce…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Neuron
Glial Cells
CNS Central Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
supportive cells of nervous system that guide growth of new n…
Consist of brain and spinal cord
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
Neuron
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
14 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 11
Agglutination
Antibody
Antigen
Coagulation
The clumping of red blood cells in an antigen-antibody reaction
A protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to a specific…
A substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
The formation of a blood clot
Agglutination
The clumping of red blood cells in an antigen-antibody reaction
Antibody
A protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to a specific…
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 11
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Thin weblike membrane that lack blood vessels
Innermost, thin, contains many nerves and blood vessels that…
Meninges
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Dura Mater
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
pericardium
myocardium
endocardium
heart structure
membrane that surrounds the heart
muscle layer of the heart
membrane that lines the inside of the heart
not a hollow cavity; not smooth on the inside; 4 cavities; va…
pericardium
membrane that surrounds the heart
myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 11
What are the 3 types of sensory recept…
What are 2 types of nerve fibre networks
What do the 2 nerve plexuses form?
What are gastrointestinal hormones?
1. chemoreceptors... 2. mechanoreceptors... 3. osmoreceptors
1. myenteric plexus... 2. submucous plexus
the enteric nervous system
Travel through the blood to cause either excitatory or inhibi…
What are the 3 types of sensory recept…
1. chemoreceptors... 2. mechanoreceptors... 3. osmoreceptors
What are 2 types of nerve fibre networks
1. myenteric plexus... 2. submucous plexus
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 11
Brain
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Reflexes
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
branch to various body parts and connect them with the CNS
rapid automatic response to a stimulus
Brain
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Spinal Cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
77 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
4 types of arrangements
Parallel Muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscles
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
-Structure: One attachment site for muscle fascicles all spre…
-Structure: Fascicles are arranged at an angle when connected…
4 types of arrangements
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
Parallel Muscles
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
50. Cell bodies of sensory neurons may…
14. Which of the following is not a fu…
31. Which of the choices below describ…
15. What are ciliated CNS neuroglia th…
TRUE
E) provide the defense for the CNS
A) motor fibers that conduct nerve impulses from the CNS to s…
A) ependymal cells
50. Cell bodies of sensory neurons may…
TRUE
14. Which of the following is not a fu…
E) provide the defense for the CNS
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
How are fascicles arranged in parallel…
A skeletal muscle can contract until i…
Most skeletal muscles have which type…
For each square inch in cross sectiona…
Parallel to the long axis of the muscle
30%
Parallel
50lb of isometric tension
How are fascicles arranged in parallel…
Parallel to the long axis of the muscle
A skeletal muscle can contract until i…
30%
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Agglutinin
Agglutinogen
Coagulation
Erythrocyte
A specific substance in plasma that is capable of causing a c…
A genetically determined antigen on the cell membrane of a re…
The process of blood clotting.
Red blood cell
Agglutinin
A specific substance in plasma that is capable of causing a c…
Agglutinogen
A genetically determined antigen on the cell membrane of a re…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1: Chapter 11
Origin
Insertion
Agonist
Antagonist
The stable base from where a muscle contracts; where the musc…
The bone that moves due to muscle contraction
The principle muscle causing a movement
The muscle opposite of the agonist
Origin
The stable base from where a muscle contracts; where the musc…
Insertion
The bone that moves due to muscle contraction
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11:Endocrine
endocrine system
edocrine gland
quasi-endocrine
exocrine glands
assists the nervous system with communication and control of…
They are ductless... They secrete hormones into the bloodstream…
There are also similar glands called paracrine and autocrine…
They have ducts... They deliver their products directly to a sp…
endocrine system
assists the nervous system with communication and control of…
edocrine gland
They are ductless... They secrete hormones into the bloodstream…
149 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
What are the characteristics of muscles?
responsiveness
conductivity
contractility
responsiveness (excitability), conductivity, contractility, e…
Muscle and nerves have excitability; leads to muscle contract…
muscle impulse traveling from one cell to the next.
generates tension; shortens
What are the characteristics of muscles?
responsiveness (excitability), conductivity, contractility, e…
responsiveness
Muscle and nerves have excitability; leads to muscle contract…
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
How are fascicles arranged in parallel…
A skeletal muscle can contract until i…
Most skeletal muscles have which type…
For each square inch in cross sectiona…
Parallel to the long axis of the muscle
30%
Parallel
50lb of isometric tension
How are fascicles arranged in parallel…
Parallel to the long axis of the muscle
A skeletal muscle can contract until i…
30%
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
Functions of the Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Control
Sensory Input, Integration, Control (output), Homeostasis, Me…
Monitor Internal/ External Stimuli
Brain and Spinal Cord process sensory input initiate responses.
Muscles and Glands
Functions of the Nervous System
Sensory Input, Integration, Control (output), Homeostasis, Me…
Sensory Input
Monitor Internal/ External Stimuli
51 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11 terms
Amblyopia
Anesthesia
Aqueous humor
Aqueous humor
Lazy eye - causes vision in one eye because of abnormal domin…
Condition in which sensation of any type has been lost
Clear watery fluid of the eye produced by ciliary body. Takes…
Watery humor. Bathes the iris pupil and lens and fills the an…
Amblyopia
Lazy eye - causes vision in one eye because of abnormal domin…
Anesthesia
Condition in which sensation of any type has been lost
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Skeletal muscles produce movement by _…
Origin of muscle -
Insertion of muscle -
Belly of muscle -
pulling
attachment of muscle to stationary bone
attachment of muscle to movable bone
fleshy portion between origin and insertion
Skeletal muscles produce movement by _…
pulling
Origin of muscle -
attachment of muscle to stationary bone
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
Skeletal muscle
Muscle fibers or myofibers
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
Skeletal muscle fibers
The plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
Cytoplasm of the muscle fiber
Skeletal muscle
Voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
Muscle fibers or myofibers
Skeletal muscle fibers
Chapter 11 Anatomy and Physiology
Universal characteristics of muscle
skeletal muscle
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
excitability, conductivity, contractability, extensibility, e…
voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to bone
plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
cytoplasm of a muscle fiber
Universal characteristics of muscle
excitability, conductivity, contractability, extensibility, e…
skeletal muscle
voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to bone
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Origins
insertion
muscle acttions
prime mover
the attachment of a muscle which normally does not move when…
the attachment of a muscle which normally does move when the…
typically a given muscle movement requires the action of mult…
the muscle primarily responsible for producing the desired mo…
Origins
the attachment of a muscle which normally does not move when…
insertion
the attachment of a muscle which normally does move when the…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Blood
Plasma
albumin
globulins
liquid connective tissue/transports/protection, volume 5-6 li…
water, salts, gases, wastes, hormones, food, proteins
thicken, osmotic balance
antibodies
Blood
liquid connective tissue/transports/protection, volume 5-6 li…
Plasma
water, salts, gases, wastes, hormones, food, proteins
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
How do skeletal muscles produce moveme…
Most muscles cross atleast one _______…
When a muscle contract it....
Origin
exerting force on tendons - tendons attach to and pull on bon…
joint, articulating bone
draws one articulating bone toward the other
the attachment to the stationary bone
How do skeletal muscles produce moveme…
exerting force on tendons - tendons attach to and pull on bon…
Most muscles cross atleast one _______…
joint, articulating bone
32 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy and Physiology
Functions of the cardiovascular system
Heart Location
Heart Orientation
Pericardium
deliver oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues; remove car…
thorax, between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
pointed apex directed toward left hip; base points toward the…
a double walled sac
Functions of the cardiovascular system
deliver oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues; remove car…
Heart Location
thorax, between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
12 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 11
Agglutination
Antibody
Antigen
Coagulation
The clumping of red blood cells in an antigen-antibody reaction
A protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to a specific…
A substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
The formation of a blood clot
Agglutination
The clumping of red blood cells in an antigen-antibody reaction
Antibody
A protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to a specific…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 11
Endocrine system
Exocrine system
Nervous system
Hormones
System that has ductless glands. Secrete tiny amounts of horm…
System that secrete their products on the epithelial surfaces…
System that is fast to react to stimuli. Effects have fast du…
Chemical messengers produced by endocrine glands and secreted…
Endocrine system
System that has ductless glands. Secrete tiny amounts of horm…
Exocrine system
System that secrete their products on the epithelial surfaces…
50 terms
Chapter 11, Anatomy and Physiology 1
Neuroglia
Astrocyte
Microglial cell
Ependymal cell
They support neurons throughout the CNS and PNS.
Type of neuroglia that wrap around capillaries to feed neuron…
Type of neuroglia that act like immune cells by destroying th…
Type of neuroglia that push spinal fluid down ventricles.
Neuroglia
They support neurons throughout the CNS and PNS.
Astrocyte
Type of neuroglia that wrap around capillaries to feed neuron…
76 terms
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM -CHAPTER 11 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Functions of Endocrine System (ductles…
Explain negative feedback and positive…
Explain relationship of Hypothalamus t…
Location of Pituitary Gland
is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemi…
When blood glucose increases, insulin secretions rises, Insul…
Hypothalamus control the pituitary gland
Below hypothalamus
Functions of Endocrine System (ductles…
is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemi…
Explain negative feedback and positive…
When blood glucose increases, insulin secretions rises, Insul…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
Striations
Sarcomere
Sarcomere
what types of muscles are there?
an alternating light and dark transverse bands
distance from one z disc to the next; the contractile unit of…
composed of long, fibrous proteins as filaments that slide pa…
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
what types of muscles are there?
Striations
an alternating light and dark transverse bands
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Origin
Muscle insertion
Agonist
Antagonist
A muscle contracts from a stable base know as the __ of the m…
What hosts the muscle contraction from the bone that moves?
The principle muscle causing a movement.
The muscle opposite of the agonist.
Origin
A muscle contracts from a stable base know as the __ of the m…
Muscle insertion
What hosts the muscle contraction from the bone that moves?
183 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lovelace Chapter 11
Nervous and Endocrine System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
-Brain... -Spinal Chord... -Nerves... -Neuron
Share responsibility for maintaining Homeostasis.
Rapid Response using action potentials.
Slow response using hormones.
Main Structures of the nervous system:
Nervous and Endocrine System
Share responsibility for maintaining Homeostasis.
Nervous System
Rapid Response using action potentials.
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Sympathetic Division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Visceral motor (involuntary) conducts impulses from the CNS t…
mobilizes body systems during activity
Sensory (afferent) division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
Motor (efferent) division
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
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