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Study sets matching "chapter 12 anatomy physiology"

Chapter 12 anatomy physiology
list and label the 4 major brain regions
identify / label/describe the ventricles
brain ventricles
define gyri and sulci
1. cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon... 3. cerebellum... 4. Brain stem
1. lateral ventricle... 2. third ventricle... 3. cerebral aqueduct…
gyri: elevated ridges of tissue... sulci : shallow grooves mark…
list and label the 4 major brain regions
1. cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon... 3. cerebellum... 4. Brain stem
identify / label/describe the ventricles
1. lateral ventricle... 2. third ventricle... 3. cerebral aqueduct…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
divisions of the peripheral nervous sy…
physiological subdivision types
brain and spinal cord
all other nervous tissue
physiological and autonomic subdivisions
sensory (periphery to CNS) and motor (CNS to periphery)
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
all other nervous tissue
125 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 12
neurobiology
the two major anatomical subdivisions…
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
scientific study of the nervous system
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
CNS; consists of brain and spinal cord
PNS; consists of everything else (besides brain and spinal co…
neurobiology
scientific study of the nervous system
the two major anatomical subdivisions…
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 12
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Epithelial Cells
Nails, hair, sweat/oil glands and skin
Top most/protective layer of the skin
Layer of skin containing connective tissue
The living cells in the epidermal layer
Integumentary System
Nails, hair, sweat/oil glands and skin
Epidermis
Top most/protective layer of the skin
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
Synapse
Spinal Nerves
Ganglia
Plexuses
a place where nerves will meet another cell
peripheral nerves that carry motor commands and sensory infor…
place where cells can meet and synapse. send out and give inf…
Where a group of cells work together for a particular function?
Synapse
a place where nerves will meet another cell
Spinal Nerves
peripheral nerves that carry motor commands and sensory infor…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
divisions of the peripheral nervous sy…
physiological subdivision types
brain and spinal cord
all other nervous tissue
physiological and autonomic subdivisions
sensory (periphery to CNS) and motor (CNS to periphery)
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
all other nervous tissue
188 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12
CNS
Ectoderm
cephalization
neural tube
brain and spinal cord
neural plate forms from this during embryonic development
development of the head
gives rise to the brain and spinal cord during embryonic deve…
CNS
brain and spinal cord
Ectoderm
neural plate forms from this during embryonic development
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 12
Neurons
Neuroglia
What does CNS stand for?
What does the CNS consist of?
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
Central Nervous System
Spinal cord and brain
Neurons
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Neuroglia
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
Function of the nervous system
Major anatomical and functional subdiv…
Three functional properties found in a…
Three functional properties found in a…
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages from c…
•Central nervous system (CNS)... o-Brain and spinal cord enclose…
Excitability (irritability)
Conductivity
Function of the nervous system
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages from c…
Major anatomical and functional subdiv…
•Central nervous system (CNS)... o-Brain and spinal cord enclose…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
spinal cord
segments of spinal cord
cervical enlargement
lumbar enlargement
extends from foramen magnum to second lumbar vertebrae; gives…
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral
supplies upper limbs
supplies lower limbs
spinal cord
extends from foramen magnum to second lumbar vertebrae; gives…
segments of spinal cord
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral
Anatomy and physiology Chapter 12
Brain
Glucose
Hypoglycemia
Cerebrum
Cranial cavity houses the brain.
The primary source of energy for the brain.
Low blood sugar.
Largest and most superior part of the brain and has two cereb…
Brain
Cranial cavity houses the brain.
Glucose
The primary source of energy for the brain.
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
detect... evaluate... initiate
central nervous system... peripheral nerv…
afferent... efferent
between
the general functions of the nervous system is to _____ chang…
Anatomically, the brain and spinal cord make up the _____ and…
Sensory (_____) neurons bring impulses from the periphery to…
Interneurons (association neurons) lie _____ sensory and moto…
detect... evaluate... initiate
the general functions of the nervous system is to _____ chang…
central nervous system... peripheral nerv…
Anatomically, the brain and spinal cord make up the _____ and…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 (Chapter 12)
cerebrum
brainstem
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
- enlarged superior portion of brain; divided into left and r…
- connects brain to spinal cord... Involved in basic involuntary…
planning and coordination of movement
Responsible for processing, integrating, and relaying informa…
cerebrum
- enlarged superior portion of brain; divided into left and r…
brainstem
- connects brain to spinal cord... Involved in basic involuntary…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
23. Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, an…
24. The arbor vitae refers to ________…
25. The primary auditory cortex is loc…
26. Spinocerebellar tracts ________.... A…
C) pons
B) cerebellar white matter
C) temporal lobe
B) carry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum
23. Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, an…
C) pons
24. The arbor vitae refers to ________…
B) cerebellar white matter
79 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
125 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 12
neurobiology
the two major anatomical subdivisions…
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
scientific study of the nervous system
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
CNS; consists of brain and spinal cord
PNS; consists of everything else (besides brain and spinal co…
neurobiology
scientific study of the nervous system
the two major anatomical subdivisions…
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
lymphatic system (two major structures)
lymph
lymph vessels
lymph nodes
1. lymphatic vessels transport back to the blood fluids that…
source: extra fluid in interstitial space left behind by bloo…
carry lymph
remove foreign materials from lymphatic stream by producing l…
lymphatic system (two major structures)
1. lymphatic vessels transport back to the blood fluids that…
lymph
source: extra fluid in interstitial space left behind by bloo…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
divisions of the peripheral nervous sy…
physiological subdivision types
brain and spinal cord
consists of cranial and spinal nerves with sensory (efferent)…
physiological and autonomic subdivisions
sensory (periphery to CNS) and motor (CNS to periphery)
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
consists of cranial and spinal nerves with sensory (efferent)…
32 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy and physiology
CNS
Telencephalon
diencephalon
mesencephalon
composed of brain and spinal cord
brain vesicle composed of cerebrum: cortex, white matter, bas…
brain vesicle composed of the thalamus hypothalamus and epith…
brain vesicle composed of the brain stem: mid brain
CNS
composed of brain and spinal cord
Telencephalon
brain vesicle composed of cerebrum: cortex, white matter, bas…
147 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
CNS
Cephalization
Spinal Cord
Brain
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
Central cavity surrounded by a gray matter core, external to…
Similar to spinal cord but with additional areas of gray matt…
CNS
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Cephalization
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
Diencephalon
Midbrain
Pons
Cerebellum
The portion of the forebrain that includes the thalamus and h…
A small part of the brain above the pons that integrates sens…
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor s…
Diencephalon
The portion of the forebrain that includes the thalamus and h…
Midbrain
A small part of the brain above the pons that integrates sens…
187 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
Ventricles
Lateral ventricles
Third ventricle
Cerebral aqueduct
Filled with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the central cavity
Separated by septum pellucidum
Connected to fourth ventricle by cerebral aqueduct
Connects 3rd and 4th ventricle
Ventricles
Filled with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the central cavity
Lateral ventricles
Separated by septum pellucidum
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
Nervous System
What allows for generation of nerve im…
3 Steps in Nervous System
Central Nervous System Consists of:
Detects and responds to stimulus
Excitable Characteristic
1. Sensory- detects simulus... 2. Interpretation- analysis/integ…
Brain and Spinal Cord
Nervous System
Detects and responds to stimulus
What allows for generation of nerve im…
Excitable Characteristic
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12
Spinal Cord (structure, 1)
Spinal cord (structure, 2)
Spinal cord (structure, 3)
Spinal cord (structure, 4)
• From foramen magnum to lower end of first lumbar vertebrae
• Oval shaped cylinder, with cervical and lumbar bulges
• Gives rise to 31 pairs of spinal nerves
• Terminates in the cauda equina (horses tail)
Spinal Cord (structure, 1)
• From foramen magnum to lower end of first lumbar vertebrae
Spinal cord (structure, 2)
• Oval shaped cylinder, with cervical and lumbar bulges
141 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 12
Nervous system functions (2)
Function : Nervous System #1
receptors
Function : Nervous System #2
-primary communication and control center... -integrates and reg…
collect information by receptors
specialized structures that detect changes internal and exter…
process and evaluate information to determine a response
Nervous system functions (2)
-primary communication and control center... -integrates and reg…
Function : Nervous System #1
collect information by receptors
54 terms
Anatomy and physiology Chapter 12
How many bones do the Skull have in TO…
How many bones do the Cranium
How many bones are in the face
What kind of tissues form bones
22 bones
8 bones
14 bones
skeletal tissues
How many bones do the Skull have in TO…
22 bones
How many bones do the Cranium
8 bones
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 (Zuber)
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
movement, posture, respiration, genera…
found in the heart, branches and striations and intercalated…
found in organs, involuntarily, spindle shaped with no striat…
found attached to bones, multiple nuclei and striations, volu…
primary functions of skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
found in the heart, branches and striations and intercalated…
smooth muscle
found in organs, involuntarily, spindle shaped with no striat…
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
What are the basic functional units of…
What are the functions of neuroglia?
What are more prevalent, neurons or ne…
What is the CNS comprised of?
Neurons
Separate and protect neurons... Provide a supportive framework f…
Neuroglia
The brain and spinal cord
What are the basic functional units of…
Neurons
What are the functions of neuroglia?
Separate and protect neurons... Provide a supportive framework f…
43 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 - Blood
Hematocrit (HCT)
Plasma
Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
Erythropoietin
Percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample
Percentage of clear straw-colored liquid in a blood sample
The most numerous cellular component of the body
A hormone released by the kidneys that stimulates red blood c…
Hematocrit (HCT)
Percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample
Plasma
Percentage of clear straw-colored liquid in a blood sample
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
Neurophysiology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
What does the CNS do?
Peripheral Nervous System... (PNS)
The study of the nervous system
Brain & spinal cord
Decifers info. & initiates responses. Intelligence, memory, h…
Cranial & Spinal nerves... Branches off CNS
Neurophysiology
The study of the nervous system
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain & spinal cord
28 terms
anatomy and physiology: chapter 12
lymphatic system
lymph
right lymphatic duct
thoracic duct
consists of two semi-independent part: (1) a meandering netwo…
excess tissue fluid
drains the lymph from the right arm and the right side of the…
receives lymph from the rest of the body
lymphatic system
consists of two semi-independent part: (1) a meandering netwo…
lymph
excess tissue fluid
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12 review
Veins
Right atrium
Pulmonary veins
Arteriosclerosis
Carry blood toward the heart
Heart chamber receives blood returned from body
Blood returned to heart from lungs
Hardening of the arteries
Veins
Carry blood toward the heart
Right atrium
Heart chamber receives blood returned from body
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Nerve
Ganglion
Brain and spinal cord enclosed in bony coverings
All the nervous systme except the brain and spinal cord; comp…
A bundle of nerve fibers (axons) wrapped in fibrous connectiv…
A knotlike swelling in a nerve where neuron cell bodies are c…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord enclosed in bony coverings
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
All the nervous systme except the brain and spinal cord; comp…
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12 terms
Agglutinate
Albumin
Anastomosis
Anemia
To clump
Most abundant plasma protein
Suturing of one blood vessel to another
Condition in which the number of erythrocytes in the blood is…
Agglutinate
To clump
Albumin
Most abundant plasma protein
66 terms
Chapter 12 anatomy & physiology
blood plasma
edema
lymphatic
macrophages
lymph fluid and some plasma proteins originate (escape) from
excess accumulation of fluid
the duct that drains lymph from the right arm
tumor cells are removed from lymph by these
blood plasma
lymph fluid and some plasma proteins originate (escape) from
edema
excess accumulation of fluid
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
single neuron response
reflex arc
high-level reflexes
integration of sensory information
Measurement of response of a single neuron.
The system of basic spinal reflexes involving a muscle spindl…
Those reflexes mediated at the level of the brainstem.
The process of combining different types of sensory informati…
single neuron response
Measurement of response of a single neuron.
reflex arc
The system of basic spinal reflexes involving a muscle spindl…
101 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12
Cephalization
Neural Tube
Proencephalon
Rhombencephalson
Elaboration of the rostral, or anterior, portion of the CNS,…
embryonic structure that the brain and spinal cord come from
forebrain
Hindbrain
Cephalization
Elaboration of the rostral, or anterior, portion of the CNS,…
Neural Tube
embryonic structure that the brain and spinal cord come from
147 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
CNS
Cephalization
Spinal Cord
Brain
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
Central cavity surrounded by a gray matter core, external to…
Similar to spinal cord but with additional areas of gray matt…
CNS
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Cephalization
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
171 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
In the adult brain, which is the large…
Which division of the adult brain weig…
The cerebrum develops from the embryon…
The passageway between the lateral ven…
cerebrum
cerebrum
telencephalon
interventricular foramen
In the adult brain, which is the large…
cerebrum
Which division of the adult brain weig…
cerebrum
106 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy and physiology
what are the four major regions of the…
elevated ridges of tissue, the fold th…
crevice/ valley between two folds
deeper grooves, separate large regions…
cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem, diencephalon
gyri
sulci
fissures
what are the four major regions of the…
cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem, diencephalon
elevated ridges of tissue, the fold th…
gyri
110 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 12
CNS and PNS
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Glial cells and neurons
What are the two main regions of the nervous system?
Made of the brain and spinal cord
All other nerve tissue.
What are the two types of nervous cells?
CNS and PNS
What are the two main regions of the nervous system?
Central Nervous System
Made of the brain and spinal cord
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 12
Neurons
Neuroglia
What does CNS stand for?
What does the CNS consist of?
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
Central Nervous System
Spinal cord and brain
Neurons
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Neuroglia
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 12
What are the 4 Special Senses?
What are the smell and taste receptors?
What are the smell cells?
What are the olfactory Organs?
- Smell... - Taste ... - Hearing ... - Sight
- Chemorecptors
- olfactory Cells
- Nasal CAvity ... - Septum ... - Conchal ... - Cilia
What are the 4 Special Senses?
- Smell... - Taste ... - Hearing ... - Sight
What are the smell and taste receptors?
- Chemorecptors
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Blood Study Guide
What is plasma?
what is the percentage of red blood ce…
What is a hematocrit?
What is another word for red blood cell?
The liquid portion of the blood.
45%
The measurement of blood cells or blood particles in percenta…
Ethrocyte
What is plasma?
The liquid portion of the blood.
what is the percentage of red blood ce…
45%
61 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 12
Ventricles
Third Ventricle
Fourth Ventricle
Cerebral Aqueduct
Paired, inferiorly located heart chambers that function as th…
the central cavity of the brain, lying between the thalamus a…
lies in the hindbrain doors to the pons and superior medulla;…
The slender cavity of the midbrain that connects the third an…
Ventricles
Paired, inferiorly located heart chambers that function as th…
Third Ventricle
the central cavity of the brain, lying between the thalamus a…
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 12 Blood
Blood
Blood function
Blood formed elements
8%
-is connective tissue
-transports vital substances... -maintains stability of intersti…
-red blood cells... -white blood cells... -platelets (cell fragments)
Blood is about ____ of body weight
Blood
-is connective tissue
Blood function
-transports vital substances... -maintains stability of intersti…
142 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy & Physiology
which of the following is not a functi…
the _______ nevous system is composed…
the ______ nervous system controls the…
the part of the peripheral nervous sys…
direct long-term functions, such as growth
central
somatic
afferent
which of the following is not a functi…
direct long-term functions, such as growth
the _______ nevous system is composed…
central
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
Function of Blood #1
Function of Blood #2
Function of Blood #3
Makes up 45% of blood and transports g…
Transports gases, leukocytes, hormones, water and nutrients
Maintains homeostasis by affecting body temperature, PH, Bloo…
Immunity
Erythrocytes
Function of Blood #1
Transports gases, leukocytes, hormones, water and nutrients
Function of Blood #2
Maintains homeostasis by affecting body temperature, PH, Bloo…
204 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 12
endocrine system
nervous system
nervous system steps
nervous system subdivisions
communicates by means of chemical messengers (hormones) secre…
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages very q…
receives information about changes in the body through sense…
central nervous system & peripheral nervous system
endocrine system
communicates by means of chemical messengers (hormones) secre…
nervous system
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages very q…
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 12
Neurons
Neuroglia
What does CNS stand for?
What does the CNS consist of?
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
Central Nervous System
Spinal cord and brain
Neurons
The basic functional unit of the nervous system
Neuroglia
Supporting cells whose functions are essential to the surviva…
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